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Multicriteria decision making

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873246/multicriteria-decision-framework-for-cybersecurity-risk-assessment-and-management
#1
Alexander A Ganin, Phuoc Quach, Mahesh Panwar, Zachary A Collier, Jeffrey M Keisler, Dayton Marchese, Igor Linkov
Risk assessors and managers face many difficult challenges related to novel cyber systems. Among these challenges are the constantly changing nature of cyber systems caused by technical advances, their distribution across the physical, information, and sociocognitive domains, and the complex network structures often including thousands of nodes. Here, we review probabilistic and risk-based decision-making techniques applied to cyber systems and conclude that existing approaches typically do not address all components of the risk assessment triplet (threat, vulnerability, consequence) and lack the ability to integrate across multiple domains of cyber systems to provide guidance for enhancing cybersecurity...
September 5, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858967/applying-decision-science-to-the-prioritization-of-healthcare-associated-infection-initiatives
#2
Terry H Tsai, Michael D Gerst, Cyrus Engineer, Harold P Lehmann
OBJECTIVES: Improving patient quality remains a top priority from the perspectives of both patient outcomes and cost of care. The continuing threat to patient safety has resulted in an increasing number of options for patient safety initiatives, making choices more difficult because of competing priorities. This study provides a proof of concept for using low-cost decision science methods for prioritizing initiatives. METHODS: Using multicriteria decision analysis, we developed a decision support model for aiding the prioritization of the four most common types of healthcare-associated infections: surgical site infections, central line-associated bloodstream infections, ventilator-associated events, and catheter-associated urinary tract infections...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793008/geo-environmental-zoning-using-physiographic-compartmentalization-a-proposal-for-supporting-sustainable-decision-making
#3
Claudia V S Corrêa, Fábio A G V Reis, Lucilia C Giordano, Adriano Bressane, Camila J Chaves, Ana Maria C DO Amaral, Hermes D Brito, Gerson A DE Medeiros
The geo-environmental zoning represents an important strategy in the territorial management. However, it requires a logical and structured procedure. Therefore, an approach using physiographic compartmentalization is proposed and applied as case study in a region covered by the topographic maps of São José dos Campos and Jacareí, Brazil. This region has great geological and geomorphological peculiarities, beyond being a place with large human interventions because of its quickly economic growth. The methodology is based on photointerpretation techniques and remote sensing in GIS environment...
August 7, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727567/intuitionistic-multiplicative-group-analytic-hierarchy-process-and-its-use-in-multicriteria-group-decision-making
#4
Zhiming Zhang, Witold Pedrycz
As an extension of multiplicative preference relations (MPRs), intuitionistic MPRs (IMPRs) reflect experts' hesitant quantitative judgments. This paper presents an intuitionistic multiplicative preference information-based group analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and develops an intuitionistic multiplicative group AHP (IMGAHP), which addresses multicriteria group decision-making (MCGDM) that uses IMPRs to capture experts' preference judgments. First, we introduce a consistency index to gauge the consistency of IMPRs and describe the concept of acceptably consistent IMPRs...
July 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700640/modeling-the-risk-of-transmission-of-schistosomiasis-in-akure-north-local-government-area-of-ondo-state-nigeria-using-satellite-derived-environmental-data
#5
Oluwaremilekun G Ajakaye, Oluwatola I Adedeji, Paul O Ajayi
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease and its distribution, in space and time, can be influenced by environmental factors such as rivers, elevation, slope, land surface temperature, land use/cover and rainfall. The aim of this study is to identify the areas with suitable conditions for schistosomiasis transmission on the basis of physical and environmental factors derived from satellite imagery and spatial analysis for Akure North Local Government Area (LGA) of Ondo State. Nigeria. This was done through methodology multicriteria evaluation (MCE) using Saaty's analytical hierarchy process (AHP)...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535105/the-importance-of-economic-perspective-and-quantitative-approaches-in-oncology-value-frameworks-of-drug-selection-and-shared-decision-making
#6
A Reginald Waldeck, Marc F Botteman, Richard E White, Ben A van Hout
The debate around value in oncology drug selection has been prominent in recent years, and several professional bodies have furthered this debate by advocating for so-called value frameworks. Herein, we provide a viewpoint on these value frameworks, emphasizing the need to consider 4 key aspects: (1) the economic underpinnings of value; (2) the importance of the perspective adopted in the valuation; (3) the importance of the difference between absolute and relative measures of risk and measuring patient preferences; and (4) the recognition of multiple quality-of-life (QoL) domains, and the aggregation and valuation of those domains, through utilities within a multicriteria decision analysis, may allow prioritization of QoL above the tallying of safety events, particularly in a value framework focusing on the individual patient...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408011/determining-criteria-and-weights-for-prioritizing-health-technologies-based-on-the-preferences-of-the-general-population-a-new-zealand-pilot-study
#7
Trudy Sullivan, Paul Hansen
OBJECTIVES: The use of multicriteria decision analysis for health technology prioritization depends on decision-making criteria and weights according to their relative importance. We report on a methodology for determining criteria and weights that was developed and piloted in New Zealand and enables extensive participation by members of the general population. METHODS: Stimulated by a preliminary ranking exercise that involved prioritizing 14 diverse technologies, six focus groups discussed what matters to people when thinking about technologies that should be funded...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363670/using-the-analytic-hierarchy-process-for-prioritizing-imaging-tests-in-diagnosis-of-suspected-appendicitis
#8
Maria Agapova, Brian W Bresnahan, Ken F Linnau, Louis P Garrison, Mitchell Higashi, Larry Kessler, Beth Devine
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: In clinical guideline or criteria development processes, such as those used in developing American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria (ACR AC), experts subjectively evaluate benefits and risks associated with imaging tests and make complex decisions about imaging recommendations. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) decomposes complex decisions into structured smaller decisions, incorporates quantitative evidence and qualitative expert opinion, and promotes structured consensus building...
May 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284137/use-of-multicriteria-analysis-mca-for-sustainable-hydropower-planning-and-management
#9
REVIEW
Erica Vassoney, Andrea Mammoliti Mochet, Claudio Comoglio
Multicriteria analysis (MCA) is a decision-making tool applied to a wide range of environmental management problems, including renewable energy planning and management. An interesting field of application of MCA is the evaluation and analysis of the conflicting aspects of hydropower (HP) exploitation, affecting the three pillars of sustainability and involving several different stakeholders. The present study was aimed at reviewing the state of the art of MCA applications to sustainable hydropower production and related decision-making problems, based on a detailed analysis of the scientific papers published over the last 15 years on this topic...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237205/value-assessment-frameworks-for-hta-agencies-the-organization-of-evidence-informed-deliberative-processes
#10
Rob Baltussen, Maarten Paul Maria Jansen, Leon Bijlmakers, Janneke Grutters, Anouck Kluytmans, Rob P Reuzel, Marcia Tummers, Gert Jan van der Wilt
Priority setting in health care has been long recognized as an intrinsically complex and value-laden process. Yet, health technology assessment agencies (HTAs) presently employ value assessment frameworks that are ill fitted to capture the range and diversity of stakeholder values and thereby risk compromising the legitimacy of their recommendations. We propose "evidence-informed deliberative processes" as an alternative framework with the aim to enhance this legitimacy. This framework integrates two increasingly popular and complementary frameworks for priority setting: multicriteria decision analysis and accountability for reasonableness...
February 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237201/developing-a-value-framework-the-need-to-reflect-the-opportunity-costs-of-funding-decisions
#11
Mark Sculpher, Karl Claxton, Steven D Pearson
A growing number of health care systems internationally use formal economic evaluation methods to support health care funding decisions. Recently, a range of organizations have been advocating forms of analysis that have been termed "value frameworks." There has also been a push for analytical methods to reflect a fuller range of benefits of interventions through multicriteria decision analysis. A key principle that is invariably neglected in current and proposed frameworks is the need to reflect evidence on the opportunity costs that health systems face when making funding decisions...
February 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187230/a-simple-way-to-unify-multicriteria-decision-analysis-mcda-and-stochastic-multicriteria-acceptability-analysis-smaa-using-a-dirichlet-distribution-in-benefit-risk-assessment
#12
Gaelle Saint-Hilary, Stephanie Cadour, Veronique Robert, Mauro Gasparini
Quantitative methodologies have been proposed to support decision making in drug development and monitoring. In particular, multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) and stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis (SMAA) are useful tools to assess the benefit-risk ratio of medicines according to the performances of the treatments on several criteria, accounting for the preferences of the decision makers regarding the relative importance of these criteria. However, even in its probabilistic form, MCDA requires the exact elicitations of the weights of the criteria by the decision makers, which may be difficult to achieve in practice...
May 2017: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103564/mograms-a-network-based-methodology-for-visualizing-the-set-of-nondominated-solutions-in-multiobjective-optimization
#13
Krzysztof Trawinski, Manuel Chica, David P Pancho, Sergio Damas, Oscar Cordon
An appropriate visualization of multiobjective nondominated solutions is a valuable asset for decision making. Although there are methods for visualizing the solutions in the design space, they do not provide any information about their relationship. In this paper, we propose a novel methodology that allows the visualization of the nondominated solutions in the design space and their relationships by means of a network. The nodes represent the solutions in the objective space while the edges show the relationships among the solutions in the design space...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972614/review-of-multicriteria-decision-analysis-application-for-decision-making-in-oncology
#14
V S Dombrovskiy, V Omelyanovskiy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914099/discrepancies-between-multicriteria-decision-analysis-based-ranking-and-intuitive-ranking-for-pharmaceutical-benefit-risk-profiles-in-a-hypothetical-setting
#15
K Hoshikawa, S Ono
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) has been generally considered a promising decision-making methodology for the assessment of drug benefit-risk profiles. There have been many discussions in both public and private sectors on its feasibility and applicability, but it has not been employed in official decision-makings. For the purpose of examining to what extent MCDA would reflect the first-hand, intuitive preference of evaluators in practical pharmaceutical assessments, we conducted a questionnaire survey involving the participation of employees of pharmaceutical companies...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858260/an-assessment-of-site-suitability-for-marina-construction-in-istanbul-turkey-using-gis-and-ahp-multicriteria-decision-analysis
#16
Mustafa Umit Gumusay, Gokalp Koseoglu, Tolga Bakirman
Marinas play a key role in sea transportation and tourism. The problem of an insufficient marina capacity has revealed in terms of sea traffic due to the demographic structure and increasing tourism potential of Istanbul which is the biggest metropolitan city of Turkey and has around 600-km-long coastline. Therefore, the study area is mainly focused on the Marmara Sea shoreline of Istanbul. Rather than traditional methods, a rapid and cost-effective solution which considers natural and urban environment conditions is essential to satisfy the need for a marina site selection...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762080/a-proposed-approach-for-quantitative-benefit-risk-assessment-in-diagnostic-radiology-guideline-development-the-american-college-of-radiology-appropriateness-criteria-example
#17
Maria Agapova, Brian B Bresnahan, Mitchell Higashi, Larry Kessler, Louis P Garrison, Beth Devine
The American College of Radiology develops evidence-based practice guidelines to aid appropriate utilization of radiological procedures. Panel members use expert opinion to weight trade-offs and consensus methods to rate appropriateness of imaging tests. These ratings include an equivocal range, assigned when there is disagreement about a technology's appropriateness and the evidence base is weak or for special circumstances. It is not clear how expert consensus merges with the evidence base to arrive at an equivocal rating...
February 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744261/selection-of-invasive-wild-pig-countermeasures-using-multicriteria-decision-analysis
#18
Matthew C Brondum, Zachary A Collier, Christopher S Luke, Buddy L Goatcher, Igor Linkov
Wild pigs are a widespread invasive species that pose significant environmental and social risks. A number of wild pig eradication and control measures exist, but many eradication campaigns are ultimately unsuccessful. Decision making regarding how to design and execute an eradication plan is difficult because of multiple costs and benefits spanning various decision criteria that are associated with different eradication and control countermeasures. Moreover, multiple stakeholders are often involved with differing and sometimes competing objectives, and wild pigs are adaptive adversaries, meaning that the ideal countermeasure may change over time...
October 12, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565265/cost-effectiveness-and-clinical-practice-guidelines-have-we-reached-a-tipping-point-an-overview
#19
Louis P Garrison
Given recent developments in the United States, where professional clinical societies have attempted to define "value" and consider it in their deliberations about appropriate care, this thematic article describes those recent specialty society efforts in the United States in cardiology and oncology and the multispecialty efforts in the United Kingdom for over 10 years. Despite our high levels of health spending, and our field's long and consistent approach to the basic tools of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), US private and public payers are not routinely or explicitly using CEAs in their reimbursement decisions...
July 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358496/multicriteria-decision-analysis-and-core-values-for-enhancing-vaccine-related-decision-making
#20
REVIEW
Michèle A Barocchi, Steve Black, Rino Rappuoli
Vaccines have the potential to transform the health of all individuals and to reduce the health inequality between rich and poor countries. However, to achieve these goals, it is no longer sufficient to prioritize vaccine development using cost-effectiveness as the sole indicator. During a symposium entitled "Mission Grand Convergence-The Role of Vaccines," held in Siena, Italy, in July 2015, key stakeholders agreed that the prioritization of vaccine development and deployment must use multicriteria decision-making based on the following core concepts: (i) mortality and severity of the disease, (ii) vaccine safety considerations, and (iii) economic evaluation that captures the full benefits of vaccination...
June 29, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
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