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Influenza vaccines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932781/influenza-vaccination-coverage-during-pregnancy-selected-sites-united-states-2005-06-through-2013-14-influenza-vaccine-seasons
#1
Stephen Kerr, Carla M Van Bennekom, Allen A Mitchell
Seasonal influenza vaccine is recommended for all pregnant women because of their increased risk for influenza-associated complications. In addition, receipt of influenza vaccine by women during pregnancy has been shown to protect their infants for several months after birth (1). As part of its case-control surveillance study of medications and birth defects, the Birth Defects Study of the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University has recorded data on vaccinations received during pregnancy since the 2005-06 influenza vaccination season...
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932291/influenza-not-mers-cov-among-returning-hajj-and-umrah-pilgrims-with-respiratory-illness-kashmir-north-india-2014-15
#2
Parvaiz A Koul, Hyder Mir, Siddhartha Saha, Mandeep S Chadha, Varsha Potdar, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Renu B Lal, Anand Krishnan
BACKGROUND: The increasing reports of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) caused by MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) from many countries emphasize its importance for international travel. Muslim pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah involve mass gatherings of international travellers. We set out to assess the presence of influenza and MERS-CoV in Hajj/Umrah returnees with acute respiratory infection. . METHODS: Disembarking passengers (n = 8753) from Saudi Arabia (October 2014 to April 2015) were interviewed for the presence of respiratory symptoms; 977 (11%) reported symptoms and 300 (age 26-90, median 60 years; 140 male) consented to participate in the study...
December 5, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931848/human-peripheral-late-exhausted-memory-b-cells-express-a-senescent-associated-secretory-phenotype-and-preferentially-utilize-metabolic-signaling-pathways
#3
Daniela Frasca, Alain Diaz, Maria Romero, Bonnie B Blomberg
The percentage of late/exhausted memory (LM) B cells increase with age and we show here that this is associated with a lower influenza vaccine response. To identify novel contributors to the phenotypic and functional changes observed in aged B cells, we sorted the major peripheral B cell subsets [naïve, IgM memory, switched memory (swIg) and late/exhausted memory (LM)] and determined their percentages in the peripheral blood as well as their level of immune activation by measuring basal levels of expression of multiple senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) markers, such as pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α/IL-6/IL-8), inflammatory micro-RNAs (miRs, miR-155/16/93), cell cycle regulators (p16(INK4))...
December 5, 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930540/invasive-bacterial-infections-in-gambians-with-sickle-cell-anemia-in-an-era-of-widespread-pneumococcal-and-hemophilus-influenzae-type-b-vaccination
#4
Germander Soothill, Saffiatou Darboe, Gibril Bah, Lawal Bolarinde, Aubrey Cunnington, Suzanne T Anderson
There is relatively little data on the etiology of bacterial infections in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) in West Africa, and no data from countries that have implemented conjugate vaccines against both Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib).We conducted a retrospective analysis of SCA patients admitted to the Medical Research Council Unit, The Gambia, during a 5-year period when there was high coverage of Hib and Pneumococcal conjugate vaccination. We evaluated 161 admissions of 126 patients between April 2010 and April 2015...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930325/development-of-high-yield-influenza-b-virus-vaccine-viruses
#5
Jihui Ping, Tiago J S Lopes, Gabriele Neumann, Yoshihiro Kawaoka
The burden of human infections with influenza A and B viruses is substantial, and the impact of influenza B virus infections can exceed that of influenza A virus infections in some seasons. Over the past few decades, viruses of two influenza B virus lineages (Victoria and Yamagata) have circulated in humans, and both lineages are now represented in influenza vaccines, as recommended by the World Health Organization. Influenza B virus vaccines for humans have been available for more than half a century, yet no systematic efforts have been undertaken to develop high-yield candidates...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930282/vaccination-coverage-among-adults-with-diagnosed-diabetes-united-states-2015
#6
Maria A Villarroel, Anjel Vahratian
Data from the National Health Interview Survey •Among adults aged 18 and over with diagnosed diabetes, 61.6% had an influenza vaccine in the past year. •A total of 52.6% of adults with diagnosed diabetes had a pneumococcal vaccine and 17.1% had the 3-dose vaccination schedule for hepatitis B at some point in the past. •Among adults aged 60 and over with diagnosed diabetes, 27.2% had ever had a shingles vaccine. •Among those with diagnosed diabetes, the vaccination coverage for influenza, pneumococcal, and shingles was lowest among poor adults, increased with age, and varied by race and ethnicity...
December 2016: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929758/determinants-of-influenza-vaccination-among-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-attending-sicilian-reference-centre
#7
Vincenzo Restivo, Giovanni Vizzini, Alessandra Mularoni, Cinzia Di Benedetto, Santi Mauro Gioè, Francesco Vitale
In solid organ transplant recipients, influenza infection is commonly associated with higher morbidity and mortality than immunocompetent hosts. Therefore, in these subjects influenza vaccination is of paramount importance. The main objective of the study was to assess compliance to vaccination and analyze factors associated with influenza vaccination of solid organ transplant recipients admitted to the Sicilian solid organ transplant Reference Center IRCCS-ISMETT in Palermo during 2014-2015 influenza season...
December 8, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929751/recommended-vaccinations-for-asplenic-and-hyposplenic-adult-patients
#8
Paolo Bonanni, Maddalena Grazzini, Giuditta Niccolai, Diana Paolini, Ornella Varone, Alessandro Bartoloni, Bartalesi Filippo, Maria Grazia Santini, Simonetta Baretti, Carlo Bonito, Paola Zini, Mechi Maria Teresa, Niccolini Fabrizio, Magistri Lea, Pulci Maria Beatrice, Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini
Asplenic or hyposplenic (AH) individuals are particularly vulnerable to invasive infections caused by encapsulated bacteria. Such infections have often a sudden onset and a fulminant course. Infectious diseases (IDs) incidence in AH subjects can be reduced by preventive measures such as vaccination. The aim of our work is to provide updated recommendations on prevention of infectious diseases in AH adult patients, and to supply a useful and practical tool to healthcare workers for the management of these subjects, in hospital setting and in outpatients consultation...
December 8, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929750/purification-and-immunogenicity-of-hemagglutinin-from-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-h5n1-expressed-in-nicotiana-benthamiana
#9
Teen-Lee Pua, Xiao Ying Chan, Hwei-San Loh, Abdul Rahman Omar, Vidadi Yusibov, Konstantin Musiychuk, Alexandra C Hall, Megan V Coffin, Yoko Shoji, Jessica A Chichester, Hong Bi, Stephen J Streatfield
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 is an ongoing global health concern due to its severe sporadic outbreaks in Asia, Africa and Europe, which poses a potential pandemic threat. The development of safe and cost-effective vaccine candidates for HPAI is considered the best strategy for managing the disease and addressing the pandemic preparedness. The most potential vaccine candidate is the antigenic determinant of influenza A virus, hemagglutinin (HA). The present research was aimed at developing optimized expression in Nicotiana benthamiana and protein purification process for HA from the Malaysian isolate of H5N1 as a vaccine antigen for HPAI H5N1...
December 8, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929748/evaluation-of-inflammatory-and-immune-responses-in-long-term-cultured-human-precision-cut-lung-slices
#10
Angela Temann, Tatiana Golovina, Vanessa Neuhaus, Carolann Thompson, Jessica A Chichester, Armin Braun, Vidadi Yusibov
The development of systems that are more accurate and time-efficient in predicting safety and efficacy of target products in humans are critically important in reducing the cost and duration of pharmaceutical development. To circumvent some of the limitations imposed by the use of animal models, ex vivo systems, such as precision-cut lung slices (PCLS), have been proposed as an alternative for evaluating safety, immunogenicity and efficacy of vaccines and pharmaceuticals. In this study, we have established a human PCLS system and methodology for PCLS cultivation that can provide long-term viability and functionality in culture...
December 8, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929232/the-pretravel-consultation
#11
Christopher Sanford, Adam McConnell, Justin Osborn
Key components of the pretravel consultation include intake questions regarding the traveler's anticipated itinerary and medical history; immunizations; malaria prophylaxis; and personal protection measures against arthropod bites, traveler's diarrhea, and injury. Most vaccinations that are appropriate for international travelers are included in the routine domestic immunization schedule; only a few travel-specific vaccines must also be discussed. The most common vaccine-preventable illnesses in international travelers are influenza and hepatitis A...
October 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929223/acip-updates-influenza-vaccination-recommendations-for-2016-2017
#12
Carrie Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928779/how-antibiotics-should-be-prescribed-to-hospitalized-elderly-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#13
Forest W Arnold
Elderly patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) should be administered antimicrobials in the emergency department prior to transfer to the ward or intensive care unit (ICU). For ward patients, a β-lactam with a macrolide or a respiratory fluoroquinolone alone should be given to cover typical and atypical pathogens. For ICU patients, a β-lactam with either a macrolide or a fluoroquinolone should be given. Other regimens are indicated if methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a concern...
December 7, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928183/ismp-medication-error-report-analysis-reporting-and-second-order-problem-solving-can-turn-short-term-fixes-into-long-term-remedies-fifty-hospital-employees-given-insulin-instead-of-influenza-vaccine-reminder-eliminating-ratio-expressions-strength-confusion
#14
Michael R Cohen, Judy L Smetzer
These medication errors have occurred in health care facilities at least once. They will happen again-perhaps where you work. Through education and alertness of personnel and procedural-safeguards, they can be avoided. You should consider publishing accounts of errors in your newsletters and/or presenting them at your inservice training programs. Your assistance is required to continue this feature. The reports described here were receivedthrough the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) Medication Errors Reporting Program...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928017/a-temperature-sensitive-live-attenuated-canine-influenza-virus-h3n8-vaccine
#15
Aitor Nogales, Laura Rodriguez, Caroline Chauché, Kai Huang, Emma C Reilly, David J Topham, Pablo R Murcia, Colin R Parrish, Luis Martínez-Sobrido
: Canine influenza is a respiratory disease of dogs caused by canine influenza virus (CIV). CIV subtypes responsible for influenza in dogs include H3N8, which originated from the transfer of H3N8 equine influenza virus to dogs; and the H3N2 CIV, which is an avian-origin virus that adapted to infect dogs. Influenza infections are most effectively prevented through vaccination to reduce transmission and future infection. Currently, only inactivated influenza vaccines (IIVs) are available for the prevention of CIV in dogs...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928010/structural-insights-into-reovirus-%C3%AF-1-interactions-with-two-neutralizing-antibodies
#16
Melanie H Dietrich, Kristen M Ogden, Sarah P Katen, Kerstin Reiss, Danica M Sutherland, Robert H Carnahan, Matthew Goff, Tracy Cooper, Terence S Dermody, Thilo Stehle
: Reovirus attachment protein σ1 engages glycan receptors and junctional adhesion molecule-A (JAM-A) and is thought to undergo a conformational change during the proteolytic disassembly of virions to infectious subvirion particles (ISVPs) that accompanies cell entry. The σ1 protein is also the primary target of neutralizing antibodies. Here we present a structural and functional characterization of two neutralizing antibodies that target σ1 of serotypes 1 (T1) and 3 (T3) reoviruses...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927253/factors-associated-with-influenza-vaccine-uptake-in-older-adults-living-in-the-community-in-singapore
#17
L W Ang, J Cutter, L James, K T Goh
In Singapore, influenza vaccination is recommended for persons at higher risk of complications of seasonal influenza, including those with chronic medical conditions and the elderly (individuals aged ⩾65 years). We investigated the factors associated with influenza vaccine uptake based on a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling adults aged >50 years. The data for this study were obtained from the National Health Surveillance Survey (NHSS) 2013. The association between influenza vaccine uptake and socio-demographic and health-related variables was analysed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models...
December 8, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925855/costs-associated-with-influenza-related-hospitalization-in-the-elderly
#18
Núria Torner, Encarna Navas, Núria Soldevila, Diana Toledo, Gemma Navarro, Aurea Morillo, Maria José Pérez, Angela Domínguez
Seasonal influenza epidemics remain a considerable burden in adults, especially in those at higher risk of complications. The aim of this study was to determine the costs associated with influenza-related hospitalization in patients aged ≥65 years admitted to 20 hospitals from seven Spanish regions during the 2013-14 and 2014-15 influenza seasons. Bivariate analysis was used to compare costs in vaccinated and unvaccinated cases. Costs were calculated according to the Spanish National Health System diagnosis-related group tables for influenza and other respiratory system conditions (GRD 89 and GRD 101)...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924688/susceptibility-to-vaccine-preventable-diseases-and-vaccination-adherence-among-healthcare-workers-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-survey-at-a-regional-acute-care-university-hospital-and-a-systematic-review
#19
Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Carolina Scala, Alessandra Toletone, Nicoletta Debarbieri, Mauro Perria, Beatrice D'Amico, Alfredo Montecucco, Mariano Martini, Guglielmo Dini, Paolo Durando
Healthcare Workers (HCWs) have an increased risk both to acquire and to spread vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) both to their colleagues and, especially, to vulnerable patients. The prevention of occupational hazards among HCWs is based on proper adoption of the standard and additional precautions, immunizations, and secondary preventive measures, such as post-exposure prophylaxis. Moreover, HCWs are often referred to as the most trusted source of vaccine-related information for their patients. In the present article, we report the findings of a cross-sectional study investigating the compliance to vaccinations among HCWs employed at the Obstetric Unit of a regional acute-care University Hospital in Northern Italy...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924687/the-fluad-case-in-italy-could-it-have-been-dealt-differently
#20
Miriam Levi, Ersilia Sinisgalli, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Martina Chellini, Paolo Bonanni
During the influenza vaccination campaign 2014-2015, the reporting of three deaths within 48 hours of vaccination with Fluad brought the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) to pronounce the withdrawal of two batches of vaccine, based on the precautionary principle. Investigations by the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, the National Institute of Health, and by the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC), the committee at the European Medicines Agency (EMA) responsible for monitoring and assessing the safety profiles of human drugs, concluded that there was a lack of causality between the reported deaths and the vaccines administered...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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