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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696630/quantitative-association-between-body-mass-index-and-the-risk-of-cancer-a-global-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#1
Xuexian Fang, Jiayu Wei, Xuyan He, Jia Lian, Dan Han, Peng An, Tianhua Zhou, Simin Liu, Fudi Wang, Junxia Min
Numerous studies have suggested that excess body weight is associated with increased cancer risk. To examine this putative association, we performed a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis of cohort studies reporting body mass index (BMI) and the risk of 23 cancer types. PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for cohort studies, yielding 325 articles with 1,525,052 cases. Strong positive associations were observed between BMI and endometrial cancer (RR: 1.48), esophageal adenocarcinoma (RR: 1...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687188/orienting-to-medicine-scripting-professionalism-hierarchy-and-social-difference-at-the-start-of-medical-school
#2
Sienna R Craig, Rebekah Scott, Kristy Blackwood
Nascent medical students' first view into medical school orients them toward what is considered important in medicine. Based on ethnography conducted over 18 months at a New England medical school, this article explores themes which emerged during a first-year student orientation and examines how these scripts resurface across a four-year curriculum, revealing dynamics of enculturation into an institution and the broader profession. We analyze orientation activities as discursive and embodied fields which serve "practical" purposes of making new social geographies familiar, but which also frame institutional values surrounding "soft" aspects of medicine: professionalism; dynamics of hierarchy and vulnerability; and social difference...
April 23, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584542/toward-decentralized-agrigenomic-surveillance-a-polymerase-chain-reaction-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism-approach-for-adaptable-and-rapid-detection-of-user-defined-fungal-pathogens-in-potato-crops
#3
Manousos E Kambouris, Yiannis Manoussopoulos, Stavroula Kritikou, Aphroditi Milioni, Spyridon Mantzoukas, Aristea Velegraki
Agrigenomics is one of the emerging focus areas for omics sciences. Yet, agrigenomics differs from medical omics applications such as pharmacogenomics and precision medicine, by virtue of vastly distributed geography of applications at the intersection of agriculture, nutrition, and genomics research streams. Crucially, agrigenomics can address diagnostics and safety surveillance needs in remote and rural farming communities or decentralized food, crop, and environmental monitoring programs for prompt, selective, and differential identification of pathogens...
March 27, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575208/the-rural-mother-s-experience-of-caring-for-a-child-with-a-chronic-health-condition-an-integrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Sally Bristow, Debra Jackson, Linda Shields, Kim Usher
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The focus of the literature review was to identify and review the literature on rural mothers' experiences in caring for a child with a chronic health condition. BACKGROUND: Families living with a child who has a chronic health condition experience many challenges; these are often amplified for families living in rural areas, where issues such as the distance from services adds further challenges the family must manage. Like many children, rural children with chronic health conditions are primarily cared for by their mothers...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514775/scope-breadth-and-differences-in-online-physician-ratings-related-to-geography-specialty-and-year-observational-retrospective-study
#5
Jessica Janine Liu, John Justin Matelski, Chaim M Bell
BACKGROUND: Physician ratings websites have emerged as a novel forum for consumers to comment on their health care experiences. Little is known about such ratings in Canada. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the scope and trends for specialty, geographic region, and time for online physician ratings in Canada using a national data source from the country's leading physician-rating website. METHODS: This observational retrospective study used online ratings data from Canadian physicians (January 2005-September 2013; N=640,603)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471813/rural-urban-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-awareness-of-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing
#6
Ramzi G Salloum, Thomas J George, Natalie Silver, Merry-Jennifer Markham, Jaclyn M Hall, Yi Guo, Jiang Bian, Elizabeth A Shenkman
BACKGROUND: Access to direct-to-consumer genetic testing services has increased in recent years. However, disparities in knowledge and awareness of these services are not well documented. We examined awareness of genetic testing services by rural/urban and racial/ethnic status. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using pooled cross-sectional data from 4 waves (2011-2014) of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Descriptive statistics compared sample characteristics and information sources by rural/urban residence...
February 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414424/international-voluntary-health-networks-ivhns-a-social-geographical-framework
#7
Benet Reid, Nina Laurie, Matt Baillie Smith
Trans-national medicine, historically associated with colonial politics, is now central to discourses of global health and development, thrust into mainstream media by catastrophic events (earthquakes, disease epidemics), and enshrined in the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Volunteer human-resource is an important contributor to international health-development work. International Voluntary Health Networks (IVHNs, that connect richer and poorer countries through healthcare) are situated at a meeting-point between geographies and sociologies of health...
March 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275918/double-scan-ct-rates-an-opportunity-for-facility-based-radiologist-measures-in-the-quality-payment-program
#8
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, James S Babb, Gregory N Nicola, Ezequiel Silva, Wenyi Wang, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) provides CMS flexibility to evaluate radiologists using hospital outpatient quality measures in place of conventional physician measures. We explore radiologist characteristics associated with variation in performance in two such measures: abdomen and chest CT "double scan" rates (percentage of total examinations performed both with and without intravenous contrast). METHODS: Radiologists' claims for abdomen and chest CT examinations in a facility setting were identified using 2014 Medicare Physician and Other Supplier data...
March 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273663/meta-ethnography-to-understand-healthcare-professionals-experience-of-treating-adults-with-chronic-non-malignant-pain
#9
Francine Toye, Kate Seers, Karen L Barker
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore healthcare professionals' experience of treating chronic non-malignant pain by conducting a qualitative evidence synthesis. Understanding this experience from the perspective of healthcare professionals will contribute to improvements in the provision of care. DESIGN: Qualitative evidence synthesis using meta-ethnography. We searched five electronic bibliographic databases from inception to November 2016. We included studies that explore healthcare professionals' experience of treating adults with chronic non-malignant pain...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233186/prevalence-and-associations-for-use-of-a-traditional-medicine-provider-in-the-saminor-1-survey-a-population-based-study-on-health-and-living-conditions-in-regions-with-sami-and-norwegian-populations
#10
Agnete Egilsdatter Kristoffersen, Trine Stub, Marita Melhus, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
BACKGROUND: In Northern Norway, traditional medicine (TM) is shaped by both Christianity and traditional Sami nature worship. The healing rituals may include prayer and the use of tools such as moss, water, stones, wool and soil. Examples of TM modalities offered is cupping, blood-stemming, laying on of hands, healing prayers, and rituals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the use of TM in areas with predominantly Sami and Norwegian populations, and the influence of ethnicity, geography, gender, age, education, household income, religiosity and self-reported health on such use...
December 12, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173101/advancing-global-precision-medicine-an-overview-of-genomic-testing-and-counseling-services-in-malaysia
#11
Angeliki Balasopoulou, Foong-Ming Mooy, Darrol J Baker, Christina Mitropoulou, Efthymios Skoufas, Awang Bulgiba, Theodora Katsila, George P Patrinos
Precision medicine, genomic and diagnostic services are no longer limited to developed countries. This broadening in geography of biomarker applications and omics diagnostics also demands empirical study of implementation, diagnostic testing, and counseling practices in the field. For example, the Malaysian population has large ethnic diversity and high prevalence of genetic disorders such as hemoglobinopathies and metabolic disorders. Increased morbidity and mortality from such diseases have a direct impact on society and health system sustainability and for this, decision-making becomes of outmost importance...
December 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101693/towards-a-better-understanding-of-the-therapeutic-applications-and-corresponding-mechanisms-of-action-of-honey
#12
Rifat Ullah Khan, Shabana Naz, Alaeldein M Abudabos
Honey is a bee-derived supersaturated solution composed of complex contents mainly glucose, fructose, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. Composition of honey may vary due to the difference in nectar, season, geography, and storage condition. Honey has been used since times immemorial in folk medicine and has recently been rediscovered as an excellent therapeutic agent. In the past, honey was used for a variety of ailments without knowing the scientific background and active ingredients of honey. Today, honey has been scientifically proven for its antioxidant, regulation of glycemic response, antitumor, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cardiovascular potentiating agent...
December 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082678/-formation-and-definition-of-dao-di-herbs%C3%AF-wan-medicines
#13
Hua-Sheng Peng, De-Qun Wang, Dai-Yin Peng
As the saying goes, bencao is growing in specific areas. Anhui province is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Plain. Its north-south direction is longer than the east-west and Anhui is divided into three regions by the Yangtze River and Huaihe. It is important for the land to have plentiful traditional Chinese medicine resources, and it exists profound cultural heritage of Chinese medicine and to cluster the Dao-di herbs with a long history. The vicissitude of historical geography of Anhui province was combed, the historical basis of Anhui short as "Wan" was hackles, the prosperity and decline of Dao-di herbs in Anhui territory was sorted out in this paper...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081217/patterns-of-rectal-cancer-radiotherapy-adopting-evidence-based-medicine-an-analysis-of-the-national-database-from-2005-to-2016
#14
Hae Jin Park, Sanghyun Cho, Yoon Kim
Purpose: Not many studies have evaluated the adoption and dissemination of evidence-based medicine in rectal cancer radiotherapy. We aimed to analyze the differences by institutional characteristics and geography in adopting evidence-based care for rectal cancer radiotherapy and factors affecting the adoption in Korea. Methods and Materials Korean National Health Insurance Service claims database was used. All rectal cancer patients treated with radical surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) at the same institution in 2005-2016 were included in this study...
October 27, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064337/david-bowie-and-the-art-of-slow-innovation-a-fast-second-winner-strategy-for-biotechnology-and-precision-medicine-global-development
#15
Vural Özdemir, George P Patrinos
Original ideas and innovation cannot always be ordered like a courier service and delivered fresh to our desk at 9 am. Yet, most creativity-based organizations, careers, and professions, science and biotechnology innovation included, emphasize the speed as the prevailing ideology. But a narrow focus on speed has several and overlooked shortcomings. For example, it does not offer the opportunity to draw from, and stitch together disparate concepts and practices for truly disruptive innovation. Preventing false starts, learning from others' or our own mistakes, and customizing innovations for local community needs are difficult in a speed-hungry innovation ecosystem...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048340/helping-health-services-to-meet-the-needs-of-young-people-with-chronic-conditions-towards-a-developmental-model-for-transition
#16
REVIEW
Albert Farre, Janet E McDonagh
The transition to adult healthcare has been the subject of increased research and policy attention over many years. However, unmet needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their families continue to be documented, and universal implementation has yet to be realised. Therefore, it is pertinent to re-examine health transition in light of the principles of adolescent medicine from which it emerged, and consider this particular life transition in terms of a developmental milestone rather than a negotiation of structural boundaries between child and adult services...
October 19, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019458/visualizing-the-geography-of-the-diseases-of-china-western-disease-maps-from-analytical-tools-to-tools-of-empire-sovereignty-and-public-health-propaganda-1878-1929
#17
Marta Hanson
Argument This article analyzes for the first time the earliest western maps of diseases in China spanning fifty years from the late 1870s to the end of the 1920s. The 24 featured disease maps present a visual history of the major transformations in modern medicine from medical geography to laboratory medicine wrought on Chinese soil. These medical transformations occurred within new political formations from the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) to colonialism in East Asia (Hong Kong, Taiwan, Manchuria, Korea) and hypercolonialism within China (Tianjin, Shanghai, Amoy) as well as the new Republican Chinese nation state (1912-49)...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836947/country-and-regional-variations-in-purchase-prices-for-essential-cancer-medications
#18
Raphael E Cuomo, Robert L Seidman, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: Accessibility to essential cancer medications in low- and middle-income countries is threatened by insufficient availability and affordability. The objective of this study is to characterize variation in transactional prices for essential cancer medications across geographies, medication type, and time. METHODS: Drug purchase prices for 19 national and international buyers (representing 29 total countries) between 2010 and 2014 were obtained from Management Sciences for Health...
August 24, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802692/de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-and-rna-seq-expression-analysis-in-blood-from-beluga-whales-of-bristol-bay-ak
#19
Jeanine S Morey, Kathy A Burek Huntington, Michelle Campbell, Tonya M Clauss, Caroline E Goertz, Roderick C Hobbs, Denise Lunardi, Amanda J Moors, Marion G Neely, Lori H Schwacke, Frances M Van Dolah
Assessing the health of marine mammal sentinel species is crucial to understanding the impacts of environmental perturbations on marine ecosystems and human health. In Arctic regions, beluga whales, Delphinapterus leucas, are upper level predators that may serve as a sentinel species, potentially forecasting impacts on human health. While gene expression profiling from blood transcriptomes has widely been used to assess health status and environmental exposures in human and veterinary medicine, its use in wildlife has been limited due to the lack of available genomes and baseline data...
August 9, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658340/surgery-in-brazilian-health-care-funding-and-physician-distribution
#20
Nivaldo Alonso, Benjamin B Massenburg, Rafael Galli, Lucas Sobrado, Dario Birolini
Objective: to analyze demographic Brazilian medical data from the national public healthcare system (SUS), which provides free universal health coverage for the entire population, and discuss the problems revealed, with particular focus on surgical care. Methods: data was obtained from public healthcare databases including the Medical Demography, the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, and the National Database of Healthcare Establishments...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
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