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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683909/acog-committee-opinion-no-734-the-role-of-transvaginal-ultrasonography-in-evaluating-the-endometrium-of-women-with-postmenopausal-bleeding
#1
(no author information available yet)
Cancer of the endometrium is the most common type of gynecologic cancer in the United States. Vaginal bleeding is the presenting sign in more than 90% of postmenopausal women with endometrial carcinoma. Clinical risk factors for endometrial cancer, including but not limited to age, obesity, use of unopposed estrogen, specific medical comorbidities (eg, polycystic ovary syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, atypical glandular cells on screening cervical cytology), and family history of gynecologic malignancy also should be considered when evaluating postmenopausal bleeding...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683904/acog-committee-opinion-no-734-summary-the-role-of-transvaginal-ultrasonography-in-evaluating-the-endometrium-of-women-with-postmenopausal-bleeding
#2
(no author information available yet)
Cancer of the endometrium is the most common type of gynecologic cancer in the United States. Vaginal bleeding is the presenting sign in more than 90% of postmenopausal women with endometrial carcinoma. Clinical risk factors for endometrial cancer, including but not limited to age, obesity, use of unopposed estrogen, specific medical comorbidities (eg, polycystic ovary syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, atypical glandular cells on screening cervical cytology), and family history of gynecologic malignancy also should be considered when evaluating postmenopausal bleeding...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683075/ex-vivo-repair-of-a-renal-artery-saccular-aneurysm-in-a-living-nonrelated-donor-and-subsequent-successful-kidney-transplantation
#3
Rogerio A Muñoz-Vigna, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Juan N Ramirez-Robles, Daniel Nuño-Diaz, Sandra Olivares-Cruz
The use of kidney grafts with aneurysmal disease involving the renal arteries for transplantation is very uncommon and relatively controversial. We herein present the case of a 52-year-old woman who volunteered to become a living-nonrelated donor; during the preoperative imaging workup, a computed tomography angiography revealed a 1.5-cm saccular aneurysm in the left kidney, while the contralateral renal artery was normal. We decided to utilize the left kidney for a 25-year-old male patient with end-stage renal disease, and following the ex vivo repair using the recipient epigastric vessels and saphenous veins, we completed the transplantation in the right pelvic fossa...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682374/delayed-appearance-of-a-traumatic-fetal-intracranial-hemorrhage
#4
Kelly Yamasato, Nicole Kurata, Dena Towner
Background: Fetal intracranial injury is a potentially devastating sequelae of maternal trauma, but there is little guidance regarding fetal evaluation in this setting. Case: A 23-year-old woman at 27-week gestation was admitted after a high-speed motor vehicle accident. The initial obstetrical ultrasound was unremarkable, but persistently minimal fetal heart rate variability was observed. Ultrasound on day 3 after the accident showed an intracranial hyperechogenic lesion and subdural fluid collection...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682141/communicating-hydrocephalus-and-coexisting-nonenhancing-tumor-an-ominous-sign-for-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#5
Ryo Miyahara, Satoshi Tsutsumi, Satoshi Adachi, Hisato Ishii, Akihide Kondo, Yukimasa Yasumoto
A 26-year-old woman with familial neurofibromatosis type 1 sustained headache that worsened for 1 month. Neuroimaging revealed a mild ventriculomegaly and nonenhancing lesion in the pons. In spite of repeated cerebrospinal fluid examinations and magnetic resonance imaging, the etiology was not determined. The affected pons markedly enlarged in the following 2 months, with extensive leptomeningeal dissemination. Biopsy through hemilaminectomy of the T9 was diagnosed as glioblastoma multiforme. Prompt histologic examination should be performed when patients with familial neurofibromatosis type 1 manifest communicating hydrocephalus coexistent with a nonenhancing tumor...
June 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681582/subchondral-insufficiency-fracture-of-the-femoral-head-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-pre-existing-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Kyoko Kasahara, Tomohiro Mimura, Suzuko Moritani, Taku Kawasaki, Shinji Imai, Shunichiro Tsuji, Fuminori Kimura, Takashi Murakami
Subchondral insufficiency fracture (SIF) is a fragility fracture secondary to osteoporosis that leads to collapse of the femoral head with no evidence of osteonecrosis. SIF of the femoral head has been reported in adults of varying ages and both sexes, but it has never been reported to occur in pregnant women. Herein, we describe a 40-year-old primiparous patient with pre-existing anorexia nervosa who developed SIF of the femoral head in the third trimester. At 29 weeks of gestation, the patient complained of sudden pain on walking in both hips...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680717/auto-amputated-adnexa-in-a-young-woman-multimodal-imaging-to-rule-in-a-pelvic-rolling-stone
#7
Vincent Durous, Laurent Milot, Jean-Noël Buy, Bruno Deval, Pascal Rousset
We report the case of a 26-year-old woman with a right auto-amputated adnexa and a free- floating mass in the pouch of Douglas using multimodal imaging studies including ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. The absence of an ovary and the evidence of an amorphous and potentially calcified mass, with no connection to the genital tract - in particular when it is found to be mobile - are the key imaging findings. Prospective diagnosis of adnexal auto-amputation could assist surgeons in patient management with a curative laparoscopy in symptomatic women, or potentially expectant management in young women who are asymptomatic or have unrelated symptoms...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679166/composite-resection-of-the-left-upper-lobe-and-superior-segment-s6-of-the-lower-lobe-for-lung-cancer-with-a-mediastinal-lingular-and-basal-pulmonary-artery
#8
Tomoyuki Nakano, Shigemi Ishikawa, Yasunori Sohara, Shunsuke Endo
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation and awareness of anatomical variations in the pulmonary vessel is essential for a secure pulmonary resection. We herein present a patient who underwent complex pulmonary resection for lung cancer with a mediastinal lingular and basal pulmonary artery that had been detected by preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was an asymptomatic 66-year-old woman who had a 39-pack-year smoking habit...
April 20, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678425/myopericytoma-of-the-base-of-the-finger-radiological-and-pathological-description-of-a-rare-benign-entity
#9
Laurent Van Camp, Jean Goubau, Ivo Van den Berghe, Koen Mermuys
A previously healthy 46-year-old woman presented with a mass lesion between the bases of the fourth and fifth fingers of the right hand. The mass had grown progressively over 2 years and started to cause practical difficulties in everyday life. Imaging depicted a hypervascular and well-circumscribed soft tissue tumor with imaging characteristics of a sarcoma. The lesion was treated surgically. The final diagnosis of the specimen upon pathology was a myopericytoma, a benign smooth-muscle cell neoplasm. Myopericytoma is a rare disease entity; however, it is important because it can mimic more ominous conditions...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677415/acute-ischemic-stroke-in-a-young-woman-with-no-known-risk-factors
#10
Noureldin Abdelhamid, Salman Farooq, Amrou Sarraj
INTRODUCTION: We aim to highlight a potentially morbid consequence of foam-sclerotherapy for the treatment of varicose veins. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 41-year-old woman with no significant medical history who presented to the emergency department with sudden onset of focal neurologic deficits. She had undergone varicose vein treatment with foam sclerotherapy 2 days prior. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed acute cerebellar infarct. Computed tomography angiography was unremarkable...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676678/spontaneous-epidural-hematoma-secondary-to-bone-infarction-in-sickle-cell-anemia-case-report
#11
Rohini Komarla, Bruno P Soares, Joshua J Chern, Sarah S Milla
Spontaneous epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare occurrence in patients with sickle cell disease, with a small number of cases reported. Appropriate diagnosis is critical, because rapid neurosurgical intervention may be required. This unique case illustrates clinical and MRI features of an 18-year-old woman presenting with a headache and subsequent progression to severe focal neurological symptoms. Imaging demonstrated a large EDH of mixed signal characteristics and underlying calvarial infarction, requiring emergency decompression and evacuation...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676196/contiguous-and-symmetrical-disease-expansion-and-massive-necrosis-of-the-cerebral-white-matter-in-a-patient-with-neuromyelitis-optica
#12
Chiho Ishida, Tokuhei Ikeda, Kiyonobu Komai, Kazuya Takahashi, Moeko Noguchi-Shinohara, Masahito Yamada
The present report discusses the case of a woman with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) who exhibited bilateral optic neuritis, longitudinally extensive myelitis, serum anti-aquaporin-4 antibodies, and a unique pattern of white matter involvement. The disease duration was 26 years, and the patient died at the age of 65 years. Sequential magnetic resonance images obtained during the last 6 years of life revealed leukoencephalopathy-like lesions extending symmetrically and contiguously from the periventricular regions, which had begun to transform into multiple cavities with semi-annular partitions...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673820/extra-osseous-ewing-s-sarcoma-of-sciatic-nerve-masquerading-as-benign-nerve-sheath-tumor-and-presented-as-lumbar-radiculopathy
#13
Jung Soo Bang, Nitin Adsul, Jae-Hyeon Lim, Il-Tae Jang
BACKGROUND: Extraosseous Ewing Sarcoma (EES) arising from peripheral nerves is extremely rare with only 11 cases, mentioned in the literature. It poses a diagnostic challenge to the clinicians due to its nonspecific presentation and rare occurrence. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old woman came with a history of low back pain and intractable right leg pain. Physical examination revealed the normal motor power of both lower limbs with decreased sensation along the lateral aspect of the foot with decreased ankle reflex...
April 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673681/a-rare-krukenberg-tumor-arising-from-a-primary-adenocarcinoma-of-the-small-intestine
#14
Angel An-Chieh Liu, Chi-Huang Chen, Wei-Min Liu, Ching-Wen Chang
OBJECTIVE: A Krukenberg tumor is a malignancy in the ovary that metastasizes from a primary site. Here, we report a very rare case of bilateral Krukenberg tumors of the ovaries arising from a primary adenocarcinoma of the small intestine in a 53-year-old Taiwanese woman. CASE REPORT: The patient presented with a 3-month history of abdominal distension and acid regurgitation. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy findings were negative. According to the preoperative image, we highly suspected that the small bowel mass was the primary tumor with metastatic tumors to bilateral ovarian masses...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671735/how-tattoos-can-complement-breast-reconstruction
#15
Lisa Franczak
Tattooing offers expanded possibilities for creative expression for women who have undergone mastectomies and breast reconstruction surgeries. Tattoo techniques for areola restoration, such as repigmentation, do not address breast asymmetry or heavy scarring, but breast tattoos can embolden a woman's sexuality, self-confidence, and sense of body reclamation, as well as strengthen her postsurgical capacity for relating to her breasts and expressing her identity. There are many factors involved when a tattoo artist is asked to design an image for a patient...
April 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671151/an-atypical-case-of-neurosarcoidosis-presenting-with-neovascular-glaucoma
#16
REVIEW
Melissa Vereecken, Karolien Hollanders, Deborah De Bruyn, Virginie Ninclaus, Julie De Zaeytijd, Ilse De Schryver
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis, a multisystem, granulomatous disorder, sometimes manifests with a neuro-ophthalmic subtype. The latter can pose a diagnostic challenge, especially when ocular symptoms appear before systemic involvement, as the clinical picture then can be non-specific and systemic laboratory and standard imaging investigations can be negative. FINDINGS: A 71-year-old woman presented with a 4-month history of sudden-onset visual loss in the left eye. Slit lamp examination revealed anterior chamber cells, iris, and angle neovascularization...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670792/pyogenic-spondylitis-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-associated-with-tracheostomy-followed-by-resection-of-ossification-of-the-anterior-longitudinal-ligament
#17
Michio Hongo, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Masashi Fujii, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa, Daisuke Kudo, Yoichi Shimada
Symptomatic ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (OALL) is rare. However, when the osteophyte enlarges and obstructive symptoms occur, the patient may require surgery. We present a case of pyogenic spondylitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus associated with tracheostomy followed by resection of OALL. A 69-year-old woman with OALL complained of dysphagia and suffocation, which was caused by prominent OALL at C4-5. Tracheostomy was performed, followed by osteophytectomy 6 weeks later...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670786/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-flexible-hysterofiberscopic-findings-of-a-uterine-adenofibroma-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Hideki Watanabe, Naoya Harada, Ichiro Nobuhara, Noriko Haruta, Yumi Higashiura, Shioka Watanabe
To our knowledge, highly detailed findings of flexible hysterofiberscopy in patients with adenofibroma have not been described. A 75-year-old nulliparous asymptomatic woman presented with a uterine polyp, which exhibited punctate heterogeneous hyperintensity or islands of isointense-to-hypointense signals on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), hypointense signals on T1-weighted images (T1WI), and a little enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1WI. Flexible hysterofiberscopy revealed a red-pink polyp with a white-yellow, cobblestone-like surface easily deformed by perfusion fluid...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668598/brain-abscess-caused-by-chronic-invasive-actinomycosis-in-the-nasopharynx-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Chi Sang Hwang, Haneul Lee, Min Pyo Hong, Ji Hyung Kim, Kyung-Su Kim
RATIONALE: Actinomycosis is a rare anaerobic, gram-positive bacterial infection caused by Actinomyces, which is part of the normal flora in the oral cavity and respiratory and female genitourinary tracts. The cervicofacial area is the most common site of involvement, and involvement of the central nervous system is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case involving a 51-year-old woman who developed an actinomycotic brain abscess 15 months after the treatment of noninvasive nasopharyngeal actinomycosis, which recurred as an invasive form...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668582/bilateral-visual-loss-and-cerebral-infarction-after-spleen-embolization-in-a-trauma-patient-with-idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-a-case-report
#20
Wei-Ting Wang, Yu-Yu Li, Wan-Ching Lin, Jen-Yin Chen, Kuo-Mao Lan, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Kuo-Chuan Hung
RATIONALE: Splenic artery embolization (SAE) is a common procedure in trauma patients with blunt splenic injuries. We report a case of acute ischemic stroke following orthopedic surgery in a patient with post-SAE reactive thrombocytosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 37-year-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) suffered from multiple trauma scheduled for open reduction and internal fixation for right tibial and left radius fracture five days after SAE...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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