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Parkinson disease exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202374/walking-on-four-limbs-a-systematic-review-of-nordic-walking-in-parkinson-disease
#1
REVIEW
Federica Bombieri, Federico Schena, Barbara Pellegrini, Paolo Barone, Michele Tinazzi, Roberto Erro
Nordic Walking is a relatively high intensity activity that is becoming increasingly popular. It involves marching using poles adapted from cross-country skiing poles in order to activate upper body muscles that would not be used during normal walking. Several studies have been performed using this technique in Parkinson disease patients with contradictory results. Thus, we reviewed here all studies using this technique in Parkinson disease patients and further performed a meta-analysis of RCTs where Nordic Walking was evaluated against standard medical care or other types of physical exercise...
February 6, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190675/effectiveness-of-exergaming-in-improving-functional-balance-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
REVIEW
Camila Gemin Ribas, Letícia Alves da Silva, Marina Ribas Corrêa, Hélio Ghizone Teive, Silvia Valderramas
: Although motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) are well established, few studies have described the effects of exergaming on the clinical and functional outcomes of PD. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effectiveness of exergaming in improving functional balance, fatigue, functional exercise capacity and quality of life in PD. METHODS: The study population consisted of 20 patients (12 males and 8 females) aged 61 ± 9.11 years allocated into two groups: an exergaming group (EGG) (n = 10) and a conventional exercise, or control, group (CG) (n = 10)...
February 7, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163919/therapeutic-effects-of-intensive-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Yumiko Kaseda, Junko Ikeda, Katsunobu Sugihara, Takemori Yamawaki, Tatsuo Kohriyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: The importance of rehabilitation therapy in Parkinson's disease is well recognized. However, the effects of an inpatient rehabilitation program for advanced Parkinson's disease have not been fully investigated. AIM: To assess the effects of intensive inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: We enrolled 31 patients (mean age 69.5 ± 9.4 years; mean disease duration 8.8 ± 6.4 years) with advanced Parkinson's disease, without severe cognitive impairment...
January 2017: Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149392/engaging-cognitive-circuits-to-promote-motor-recovery-in-degenerative-disorders-exercise-as-a-learning-modality
#4
Michael W Jakowec, Zhou Wang, Daniel Holschneider, Jeff Beeler, Giselle M Petzinger
Exercise and physical activity are fundamental components of a lifestyle essential in maintaining a healthy brain. This is primarily due to the fact that the adult brain maintains a high degree of plasticity and activity is essential for homeostasis throughout life. Plasticity is not lost even in the context of a neurodegenerative disorder, but could be maladaptive thus promoting disease onset and progression. A major breakthrough in treating brain disorders such as Parkinson's disease is to drive neuroplasticity in a direction to improve motor and cognitive dysfunction...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143463/monitoring-training-activity-during-gait-related-balance-exercise-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-proof-of-concept-study
#5
David Conradsson, Håkan Nero, Niklas Löfgren, Maria Hagströmer, Erika Franzén
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of balance exercise in clinical populations, balance training programs tend to be poorly described, which in turn makes it difficult to evaluate important training components and compare between programs. However, the use of wearable sensors may have the potential to monitor certain elements of balance training. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the feasibility of using wearable sensors to provide objective indicators of the levels and progression of training activity during gait-related balance exercise in individuals with Parkinson's disease...
January 31, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132574/robotic-assisted-gait-training-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-3-month-follow-up-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Anna Furnari, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Maria Cristina De Cola, Marcello Bartolo, Alberto Castelli, Alessia Mapelli, Giampiero Buttacchio, Elena Farini, Placido Bramanti, Roberto Casale
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Robotic-Assisted Gait Training (RAGT), together with a conventional exercise program (CEP), to improve PD ambulation, as compared to standard gait training. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with mild PD stage (H&Y 2-2.5) were randomly assigned to an experimental group (EG) or a control group (CG). The 19 patients in EG received 30 min RAGT (using Lokomat device), whereas the 19 controls received a conventional gait training; both groups received 30 min of CEP...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106568/physical-therapy-versus-a-general-exercise-programme-in-patients-with-hoehn-yahr-stage-ii-parkinson-s-disease-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Savina Dipasquale, Roberto Meroni, Francesco Sasanelli, Ivan Messineo, Daniele Piscitelli, Cecilia Perin, Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Cesare G Cerri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several studies suggest that general exercise (GE) and physical therapy programmes (PT) improve the outcomes of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients; however, the available data do not allow a determination of which treatment is more effective. Our study aims to compare the effects of physiotherapy and general exercise in Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Design and setting: Randomized controlled trial -general hospital outpatient clinic. The participants were patients with Hoehn Yahr stage II PD...
2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097926/a-pilot-study-of-a-minimally-supervised-home-exercise-and-walking-program-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-jordan
#8
Hanan Khalil, Monica Busse, Lori Quinn, Mohammad Nazzal, Waleed Batyha, Shatha Alkhazaleh, Mahmoud A Alomari
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and cultural considerations of a minimally supervised, home-based exercise program in Jordan. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used. Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either an 8-week intervention group (n = 16), or a standard care group (n = 14). The intervention incorporated the home use of an exercise DVD, walking program and initial instructional sessions and weekly phone calls provided by a physiotherapist...
February 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088380/aquatic-exercise-therapy-for-people-with-parkinson-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Louise M Carroll, Daniele Volpe, Meg E Morris, Jean Saunders, Amanda M Clifford
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of aquatic exercise therapy on gait variability and disability compared with usual care for people with Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community-based hydrotherapy pool. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with PD (Hoehn-Yahr stages I-III) (N=21). INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to either an aquatic exercise therapy group (45min, twice a week for 6wk) or a group that received usual care...
January 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062370/treadmill-exercise-alleviates-motor-deficits-and-improves-mitochondrial-import-machinery-in-an-mptp-induced-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Jung-Hoon Koo, Joon-Yong Cho, Ung-Bae Lee
Alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) accumulation is significantly correlated with motor deficits and mitochondrial dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD), but the molecular mechanism underlying its pathogenesis is unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on motor deficits and mitochondrial dysfunction in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced mouse model of PD. Treadmill exercise inhibited dopaminergic neuron loss by promoting the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine transporter (DAT) and seemed to improve cell survival by reducing α-Syn expression...
January 4, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039126/are-olympic-athletes-free-from-cardiovascular-diseases-systematic-investigation-in-2352-participants-from-athens-2004-to-sochi-2014
#11
Antonio Pelliccia, Paolo Emilio Adami, Filippo Quattrini, Maria Rosaria Squeo, Stefano Caselli, Luisa Verdile, Viviana Maestrini, Fernando Di Paolo, Cataldo Pisicchio, Roberto Ciardo, Antonio Spataro
CONTEXT: Olympic athletes represent model of success in our society, by enduring strenuous conditioning programmes and achieving astonishing performances. They also raise scientific and clinical interest, with regard to medical care and prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the prevalence and type of CV abnormalities in this selected athlete's cohort. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 2352 Olympic athletes, mean age 25±6, 64% men, competing in 31 summer or 15 winter sports, were examined with history, physical examination, 12-lead and exercise ECG and echocardiography...
February 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034783/cerebellar-insulin-igf-1-signaling-in-diabetic-rats-effects-of-exercise-training
#12
Mariana Eiras Borges, Alessandra Mussi Ribeiro, José Rodrigo Pauli, Luciana Mendonça Arantes, Eliete Luciano, Leandro Pereira de Moura, José Alexandre Curiacos de Almeida Leme, Alessandra Medeiros, Natália Oliveira Bertolini, Clarice Yoshiko Sibuya, Ricardo José Gomes
The Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease associated with loss of brain regions such as the cerebellum, increasing the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In the brain of diabetic and PD organisms the insulin/IGF-1 signaling is altered. Exercise training is an effective intervention for the prevention of neurodegerative diseases since it release neurotrophic factors and regulating insulin/IGF-1 signaling in the brain. This study aimed to evaluate the proteins involved in the insulin/IGF-1 pathway in the cerebellum of diabetic rats subjected to exercise training protocol...
February 3, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000926/virtual-reality-for-rehabilitation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
REVIEW
Kim Dockx, Esther Mj Bekkers, Veerle Van den Bergh, Pieter Ginis, Lynn Rochester, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman, Alice Nieuwboer
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is best managed by a combination of medication and regular physiotherapy. In this context, virtual reality (VR) technology is proposed as a new rehabilitation tool with a possible added value over traditional physiotherapy approaches. It potentially optimises motor learning in a safe environment, and by replicating real-life scenarios could help improve functional activities of daily living. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to summarise the current best evidence for the effectiveness of VR interventions for the rehabilitation of people with PD in comparison with 1) active interventions, and 2) passive interventions...
21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999706/aerobic-exercise-preserves-olfaction-function-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Anson B Rosenfeldt, Tanujit Dey, Jay L Alberts
Introduction. Based on anecdotal reports of improved olfaction following aerobic exercise, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week aerobic exercise program on olfaction function in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods. Thirty-eight participants with idiopathic PD were randomized to either an aerobic exercise group (n = 23) or a nonexercise control group (n = 15). The aerobic exercise group completed a 60-minute cycling session three times per week for eight weeks while the nonexercise control group received no intervention...
2016: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977518/effects-of-2-years-of-exercise-on-gait-impairment-in-people-with-parkinson-disease-the-pret-pd-randomized-trial
#15
Miriam R Rafferty, Janey Prodoehl, Julie A Robichaud, Fabian J David, Cynthia Poon, Lisa C Goelz, David E Vaillancourt, Wendy M Kohrt, Cynthia L Comella, Daniel M Corcos
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study presents a secondary analysis from the Progressive Resistance Exercise Training in Parkinson Disease (PRET-PD) trial investigating the effects of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) and a Parkinson disease (PD)-specific multimodal exercise program, modified Fitness Counts (mFC), on spatial, temporal, and stability-related gait impairments in people with PD. METHODS: Forty-eight people with PD were randomized to participate in PRE or mFC 2 times a week for 24 months; 38 completed the study...
January 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965005/wearable-sensor-based-biofeedback-training-for-balance-and-gait-in-parkinson-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Ilaria Carpinella, Davide Cattaneo, Gianluca Bonora, Thomas Bowman, Laura Martina, Angelo Montesano, Maurizio Ferrarin
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the feasibility and efficacy of a novel system (Gamepad [GAMing Experience in PArkinson's Disease]) for biofeedback rehabilitation of balance and gait in Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Clinical rehabilitation gym. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with PD (N=42) were randomized into experimental and physiotherapy without biofeedback groups. INTERVENTIONS: Both groups underwent 20 sessions of training for balance and gait...
December 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922660/combined-vision-and-wearable-sensors-based-system-for-movement-analysis-in-rehabilitation
#17
Sofija Spasojević, Tihomir V Ilić, Slađan Milanović, Veljko Potkonjak, Aleksandar Rodić, José Santos-Victor
BACKGROUND: Traditional rehabilitation sessions are often a slow, tedious, disempowering and non-motivational process, supported by clinical assessment tools, i.e. evaluation scales that are prone to subjective rating and imprecise interpretation of patient's performance. Poor patient motivation and insufficient accuracy are thus critical factors that can be improved by new sensing / processing technologies. OBJECTIVES: We aim to develop a portable and affordable system, suitable for home rehabilitation, which combines vision-based and wearable sensors...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#19
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908782/adaptive-responses-of-neuronal-mitochondria-to-bioenergetic-challenges-roles-in-neuroplasticity-and-disease-resistance
#20
REVIEW
Sophia M Raefsky, Mark P Mattson
An important concept in neurobiology is "neurons that fire together, wire together" which means that the formation and maintenance of synapses is promoted by activation of those synapses. Very similar to the effects of the stress of exercise on muscle cells, emerging findings suggest that neurons respond to activity by activating signaling pathways (e.g., Ca(2+), CREB, PGC-1α, NF-κB) that stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis and cellular stress resistance. These pathways are also activated by aerobic exercise and food deprivation, two bioenergetic challenges of fundamental importance in the evolution of the brains of all mammals, including humans...
January 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
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