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Mental health and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531823/correlates-of-khat-use-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Motohiro Nakajima, Mulusew G Jebena, Mohammed Taha, Markos Tesfaye, Esayas Gudina, Andrine Lemieux, Richard Hoffman, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVES: Khat is widely used in East African countries including Ethiopia. A growing body of evidence indicates that long-term khat use is associated with various health consequences. The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude and correlates of khat use in pregnant women. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional, face-to-face interview design that included 642 pregnant women receiving antenatal care services at primary care centers in Ethiopia. A series of chi-square tests and regression models were conducted to examine whether khat use status (i...
May 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513055/breastfeeding-in-the-context-of-domestic-violence-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Hafrún Finnbogadóttir, Li Thies-Lagergren
AIMS: to determine the differences in breastfeeding among women who did and did not experience domestic violence during pregnancy and postpartum in a Swedish context. In addition, to identify possible differences regarding breastfeeding between groups with or without a history of violence. Further, determine the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and symptoms of depression. BACKGROUND: History of violence may increase the risk of depression and a decrease in, or cessation of breastfeeding...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511138/neurodevelopment-for-the-first-three-years-following-prenatal-mobile-phone-use-radio-frequency-radiation-and-lead-exposure
#3
Kyung-Hwa Choi, Mina Ha, Eun-Hee Ha, Hyesook Park, Yangho Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Ae-Kyoung Lee, Jong Hwa Kwon, Hyung-Do Choi, Nam Kim, Suejin Kim, Choonghee Park
BACKGROUND: Studies examining prenatal exposure to mobile phone use and its effect on child neurodevelopment show different results, according to child's developmental stages. OBJECTIVES: To examine neurodevelopment in children up to 36 months of age, following prenatal mobile phone use and radiofrequency radiation (RFR) exposure, in relation to prenatal lead exposure. METHODS: We analyzed 1198 mother-child pairs from a prospective cohort study (the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health Study)...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511050/maternal-distress-in-late-pregnancy-alters-obstetric-outcomes-and-the-expression-of-genes-important-for-placental-glucocorticoid-signalling
#4
Katie L Togher, Eimear Treacy, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Louise C Kenny
The experience of maternal distress in pregnancy is often linked with poorer obstetric outcomes for women as well as adverse outcomes for offspring. Alterations in placental glucocorticoid signalling and subsequent increased fetal exposure to cortisol have been suggested to underlie this relationship. In the current study, 121 pregnant women completed the Perceived Stress Scale, State Trait Anxiety Inventory and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in the third trimester of pregnancy. Placental samples were collected after delivery...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#5
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499388/frequent-use-of-hospital-inpatient-services-during-a-nine-year-period-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Adelle M Springer, John R Condon, Shu Q Li, Steven L Guthridge
BACKGROUND: Frequent use (FU) of hospital services impacts on patients and health service expenditure. Studies examining FU in emergency departments and inpatient settings have found heterogeneity and the need to differentiate between potentially preventable FU and that associated with ongoing management of complex conditions. Psychosocial factors have often been reported as underpinning or exacerbating the phenomena. Most FU studies have been limited by time, to a single study site, or restricted to specific diagnoses or patient groups...
May 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499376/benefits-of-preparing-for-childbirth-with-mindfulness-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-active-comparison
#7
Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Maria T Chao, Joseph G Cook, Jane Riccobono, Nancy Bardacke
BACKGROUND: Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness approaches, now widely disseminated, can alleviate symptoms of both chronic and acute pain and improve psychological adjustment, suggesting potential benefit when applied to childbirth education. METHODS: This study, the Prenatal Education About Reducing Labor Stress (PEARLS) study, is a randomized controlled trial (RCT; n = 30) of a short, time-intensive, 2...
May 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497035/postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-married-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-danang-city-vietnam
#8
Thang Van Vo, Thi Kim Duong Hoa, Tuyen Dinh Hoang
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) among women is a common mental health concern. It occurs at a time of major life change, coupled with the increased responsibilities associated with the care of a newborn infant. In Vietnam, the prevalence of depressive symptoms after giving birth has not been fully investigated. Research in the Northern provinces, in Ho Chi Minh City, and in Hue suggests postnatal depressive symptoms among women are common. This research aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of PPD symptoms among married women in one Vietnam city (Danang) and (2) identify the social and personal factors associated with postpartum depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496555/effect-of-acupressure-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-in-women-with-pregnancy-related-anxiety-and-previous-depression-a-preliminary-study
#9
Shunji Suzuki, Chiharu Tobe
BACKGROUND: In this preliminary study, we examined the effect of acupressure, acupuncture and moxibustion (oriental treatments) to prevent of the relapse/deterioration of perinatal depression in women with pregnancy-related anxiety and previous depression. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2014 and 2016, there were 48 women with pregnancy-related anxiety and previous depression who had delivery at ≥ 22 weeks' gestation in our institute. Of these, oriental treatments were performed in eight and two women (totally 10, 21%) during pregnancy and postpartum, respectively...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488099/pregnancy-and-postpartum-antidepressant-use-moderates-the-effects-of-sleep-on-depression
#10
Kristen C Stone, Amy L Salisbury, Cynthia L Miller-Loncar, Jennifer A Mattera, Cynthia L Battle, Dawn M Johnsen, Kevin E O'Grady
This study examined the course of antidepressant use, sleep quality, and depression severity from pregnancy through 6-month postpartum in women with and without a depressive disorder during pregnancy. Women (N = 215) were interviewed during pregnancy, 1- and 6-month postpartum. Mixed linear models were used to examine the longitudinal course and inter-relationships for the time-varying variables of antidepressant use, subjective sleep quality, and depression severity. Pregnant women with a depressive disorder who did not use antidepressants had more variable depression severity over time with improvements in depression severity by 6-month postpartum...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487170/-paying-the-price-to-get-there-motherhood-and-the-dynamics-of-pregnancy-deliberations-among-women-with-disabilities
#11
Tracey A LaPierre, Mary K Zimmerman, Jean P Hall
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities report fewer pregnancies than those without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To explore the range of factors involved in pregnancy decision-making among women with disabilities, and give insight into the decision making process. METHODS: Data were obtained from 4 focus groups conducted with 22 women of child-bearing age, who had a chronic physical or mental health condition or disability that influenced their pregnancy decisions...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483176/-sexual-abuse-and-neglect-situations-as-risk-factors-for-adolescent-pregnancy
#12
Miguel Restrepo Martínez, Laura Trujillo Numa, Diana Restrepo Bernal, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Gloria Sierra
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, one out of five women between the ages of 15 and 19 years have been pregnant. Almost two-thirds (64%) of these pregnancies were unplanned. OBJECTIVES: To examine the socio-demographic, psychosocial and clinical risk factors associated with adolescent pregnancy. METHODS: An analytical prevalence study was performed using secondary data from the First Demographic Study of Mental Health in Medellin, Colombia. Female adolescents between 13 and 19 years of age were included in the study...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483171/-a-38-year-old-woman-with-a-legal-and-voluntary-interruption-of-pregnancy-due-to-mental-health-risk-an-unexpected-outcome
#13
Diana Restrepo, Marle Duque, Laura Montoya, Catalina Hoyos
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of legal and voluntary interruption of pregnancy due to a mental health risk in the mother. However, the foetus survived and the mother decided to care for the child. METHODS: Description of the case and a non-systematic review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: A multiparous woman of 38 years with unknown gestational age who requests legal and voluntary interruption of pregnancy. After abortion a male child born of 1050 grams was born, intubated and admitted to intensive care...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476427/clinical-phenotypes-of-perinatal-depression-and-time-of-symptom-onset-analysis-of-data-from-an-international-consortium
#14
Karen T Putnam, Marsha Wilcox, Emma Robertson-Blackmore, Katherine Sharkey, Veerle Bergink, Trine Munk-Olsen, Kristina M Deligiannidis, Jennifer Payne, Margaret Altemus, Jeffrey Newport, Gisele Apter, Emmanuel Devouche, Alexander Viktorin, Patrik Magnusson, Brenda Penninx, Anne Buist, Justin Bilszta, Michael O'Hara, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Brock, Sabine Roza, Henning Tiemeier, Constance Guille, C Neill Epperson, Deborah Kim, Peter Schmidt, Pedro Martinez, Arianna Di Florio, Katherine L Wisner, Zachary Stowe, Ian Jones, Patrick F Sullivan, David Rubinow, Kevin Wildenhaus, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period is a time of high risk for onset of depressive disorders and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, including maternal suicide. Perinatal depression comprises a heterogeneous group of clinical subtypes, and further refinement is needed to improve treatment outcomes. We sought to empirically identify and describe clinically relevant phenotypic subtypes of perinatal depression, and further characterise subtypes by time of symptom onset within pregnancy and three post-partum periods...
May 3, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472056/intimate-partner-violence-around-the-time-of-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depression-the-experience-of-women-of-bangladesh
#15
Md Jahirul Islam, Lisa Broidy, Kathleen Baird, Paul Mazerolle
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intimate partner violence (IPV) around the time of pregnancy is a serious public health concern and is known to have an adverse effect on perinatal mental health. In order to craft appropriate and effective interventions, it is important to understand how the association between IPV and postpartum depression (PPD) may differ as a function of the type and timing of IPV victimization. Here we evaluate the influence of physical, sexual and psychological IPV before, during and after pregnancy on PPD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464725/the-development-and-application-of-a-protocol-for-the-writing-assessing-and-validating-of-a-corpus-of-relationship-focused-text-messages-for-new-and-expecting-fathers
#16
Chris D May, Richard Fletcher
In developed countries, antenatal education aims to reduce difficulties that mothers and fathers experience during transition to parenthood. However, fathers are often distracted from preparing themselves by the attention given to preparing and supporting mothers. Developments in digital communication present alternative means of supporting fathers at this time. Studies, across a range of health concerns, have reported successful outcomes from text-based interventions. Text messaging, focusing on the issues that cause paternal distress at this time, could provide timely, targeted, and effective support to fathers in their transition to parenthood...
May 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463088/the-relationship-between-social-support-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-antiphospholipid-hughes-syndrome
#17
Sofia Georgopoulou, Sofia Efraimidou, Sara Jane MacLennan, Fowzia Ibrahim, Thomas Cox
OBJECTIVE: Antiphospholipid (Hughes) syndrome (APS) is recognised as a systemic autoimmune disease defined by recurrent thromboembolic events and/or pregnancy morbidity. Little is known about the psychological burden of this long-term condition. This study aims to explore the relationship between social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with APS. METHODS: A total of 270 patients with a clinical diagnosis of APS participated in a cross-sectional online questionnaire survey...
May 2, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460552/association-between-psychological-status-with-perceived-social-support-in-pregnant-women-referring-to-tabriz-health-centers
#18
Fahimeh Sehhatie Shafaie, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mahbubeh Rahmati, Parviz Nouri, Marzieh Bagherinia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the psychological status of pregnant women with perceived social support. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 372 Iranian women were selected randomly via a two-stage cluster sampling method at the third trimester of pregnancy in healthcare centers of Tabriz-Iran. Data were collected using the socio-demographic characteristics questionnaire, perceived social support (PRQ-85) and the short form of depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS-21)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456376/-consultation-liaison-during-the-peripartum-network-care-between-liaison-and-mobile-unit
#19
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451700/physical-sexual-and-social-health-factors-associated-with-the-trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-from-pregnancy-to-4%C3%A2-years-postpartum
#20
Rebecca Giallo, Pamela Pilkington, Ellie McDonald, Deirdre Gartland, Hannah Woolhouse, Stephanie Brown
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the course of maternal depressive across pregnancy and early parenthood. The aim of this study was to identify the physical, sexual and social health factors associated with the trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy to 4 years postpartum. METHOD: Data were drawn from 1102 women participating in the Maternal Health Study, a prospective pregnancy cohort study in Melbourne, Australia. Self-administered questionnaires were completed at baseline (<24 weeks gestation), and at 3-, 6-, 12-, and 18 months, and 4 years postpartum...
April 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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