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Mental health and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729324/access-and-quality-of-maternity-care-for-disabled-women-during-pregnancy-birth-and-the-postnatal-period-in-england-data-from-a-national-survey
#1
Reem Malouf, Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: More disabled women are becoming mothers, and yet, their care is rarely the focus of quantitative research. This study aimed to investigate access and quality of maternity care for women with differing disabilities. DESIGN: Secondary analysis was conducted on data from a 2015 national survey of women's experience of maternity care. Descriptive and adjusted analyses were undertaken for five disability groups: physical disability, sensory impairment, mental health disability, learning disability and multiple disability, and comparisons were made with the responses of non-disabled women...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716072/effect-of-prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-cortisol-and-psychological-distress-on-infant-development-in-bengaluru-southern-india-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R Babu, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
BACKGROUND: The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal psychological distress is a major public health problem and needs timely detection and intervention to prevent any adverse pregnancy outcome. There is ample evidence from literature that justifies the association of prenatal maternal mental stress and elevated cortisol with delayed infant motor and cognitive development; evidence from India being rather limited...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715621/electroconvulsive-therapy-during-pregnancy
#3
Aubrey Thyen, Puneet Narang, Simrat Sarai, Gulay Tegin, Steven Lippmann
Women often experience worsening mood disorder symptoms during pregnancy. Women with mood disorders have an increased risk for suboptimal prenatal care, inadequate weight gain, and more substance abuse during pregnancy. It is often difficult to balance pharmacotherapy risks to a developing fetus versus not medicinally treating maternal mental health conditions. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a rapid and effective treatment option that can be an appropriate intervention in some women during pregnancy. This report presents an overview of ECT in pregnancy and the case of a 28-year-old pregnant woman with bipolar mania who responded well to ECT...
July 13, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714605/epigenetic-alterations-and-prenatal-maternal-depression
#4
REVIEW
Zsofia Nemoda, Moshe Szyf
Major depressive disorder of the mother affects 6 to 17% of pregnancies worldwide and can lead to negative outcomes, such as preterm delivery and later mental health problems of the child. It has been proposed that developmental programming has long-lasting effects in the offspring that might be mediated by epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation. Altered stress regulation or impaired immunological function of the mother can potentially affect DNA methylation processes of the fetus, changing gene expression levels in utero...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709785/implementing-and-evaluating-a-telephone-based-centralized-maternity-care-coordination-program-for-pregnant-veterans-in%C3%A2-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#5
Kristin M Mattocks, Judy Kuzdeba, Rebecca Baldor, Jose Casares, Lisa Lombardini, Megan R Gerber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a comprehensive, telephonic maternity care coordination (MCC) program for all pregnant veterans enrolled for care at New England Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities that comprise the Veterans Integrated Service Network 1. RESEARCH DESIGN: Telephone interviews were conducted with postpartum women veterans who had participated in the MCC program during their pregnancies. The program evaluation instrument assessed satisfaction and use of MCC services, prenatal education classes, and infant and maternal outcomes (e...
July 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704729/longitudinal-association-between-physical-activity-engagement-during-adolescence-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-young-adults-a-21-year-birth-cohort-study
#6
Shuichi Suetani, Abdullah Mamun, Gail M Williams, Jake M Najman, John J McGrath, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies provide mixed evidence that physical activity engagement (PAE) in adolescence is associated with later mental health outcomes. This study aimed to examine the association between PAE at age 14 and mental health outcomes at age 21 using a large birth cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective data from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, consisting of 3493 young adults, were analyzed. PAE at age 14 was estimated using self-report, and participants were categorized into; (1) frequent, (2) infrequent, or (3) no PAE group...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704442/health-professionals-perspective-on-the-promotion-of-e-mental-health-apps-in-the-context-of-maternal-depression
#7
Michaela Sprenger, Tobias Mettler, Jorge Osma
OBJECTIVE: Our study focuses on exploring (1) the intention of health professionals to use and recommend e-mental health applications, (2) how this intention of health professionals might be influenced, (3) which group of health professionals might be most accessible to promote e-mental health applications for maternal depression, and (4) for which tasks they rate them to be most useful. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on a questionnaire informed by the theory of planned behavior, we collected 131 responses of U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701410/maternal-alcohol-use-disorder-and-child-school-attendance-outcomes-for-non-indigenous-and-indigenous-children-in-western-australia-a-population-cohort-record-linkage-study
#8
Katherine Hafekost, David Lawrence, Colleen O'Leary, Carol Bower, James Semmens, Stephen R Zubrick
OBJECTIVES: Examine the relationship between maternal alcohol use disorder and child school attendance outcomes for non-Indigenous and Indigenous children in Western Australia. DESIGN: Population cohort study. SETTING: Routinely collected linked administrative health, education and child protection data. PARTICIPANTS: Those in-scope for the study were women with a birth recorded on the Western Australian Midwives Notification System (1989-2007)...
July 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694059/mental-health-predictors-of-breastfeeding-initiation-and-continuation-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-women-in-a-south-african-birth-cohort-study
#9
Eileen Thomas, Caroline Kuo, Sophie Cohen, Jacqueline Hoare, Natassja Koen, Whitney Barnett, Heather J Zar, Dan J Stein
Breastfeeding is a cost-effective, yet underutilized strategy to promote maternal and infant health in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Breastfeeding remains challenging for mothers living with HIV in LMICs, yet few studies have examined mental health predictors of breastfeeding initiation and continuation. We investigated breastfeeding among mothers by HIV status in South Africa, evaluating predictors of breastfeeding initiation and continuation to identify intervention-targets. Breastfeeding patterns were investigated in a subsample of 899 breastfeeding mothers from the Drakenstein Child Health Study; a prospective birth cohort of 1225 pregnant women, between March 2012 and March 2015 in a peri-urban area...
July 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688791/perinatal-and-social-factors-predicting-caesarean-birth-in-a-2004-australian-birth-cohort
#10
Stephen J Robson, Hassan Vally, Abdel-Latif Mohamed, Maggie Yu, Elizabeth M Westrupp
BACKGROUND: The proportion of babies born by caesarean section in Australia has almost doubled over the last 25 years. Factors known to contribute to caesarean such as higher maternal age, mothers being overweight or obese, or having had a previous caesarean do not completely account for the increased rate and it is clear that other influences exist. AIM: To identify previously unsuspected risk factors associated with caesarean using nationally-representative data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
July 5, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685391/sleep-was-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-status-during-pregnancy-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#11
Yunxian Yu, Minchao Li, Liuyan Pu, Shuojia Wang, Jinhua Wu, Lingli Ruan, Shuying Jiang, Zhaopin Wang, Wen Jiang
The purpose of this study was to reveal the cross-sectional and longitudinal association of sleep with depression and anxiety among Chinese pregnant women. Pregnant women were recruited in Zhoushan Pregnant Women Cohort at Zhoushan Maternal and Child Care Hospital from 2011 to 2015. Self-rating depression scales (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scales (SAS) were used for evaluating depression and anxiety status at each trimester; corresponding sleep quality and duration were reported by pregnant women. Ordinary or multilevel linear and logistic regression model were used to estimate the cross-sectional or longitudinal association of sleep with depression and anxiety...
July 6, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673223/proceedings-of-the-12th-international-conference-on-rapid-response-systems-and-medical-emergency-teams
#12
D Jones, J Holmes, J Currey, E Fugaccia, A J Psirides, M Y Singh, G J Fennessy, K Hillman, D V Pilcher, R Bellomo, M DeVita
Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) have been introduced into hospitals worldwide in an effort to improve the outcomes of deteriorating hospitalised patients. Recently, there has been increased awareness of the need to develop systems other than RRTs for deteriorating patients. In May 2016, the 12th International Conference on Rapid Response Systems and Medical Emergency Teams was held in Melbourne. This represented a collaboration between the newly constituted International Society for Rapid Response Systems (iSRRS) and the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society...
July 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667832/effect-of-previous-posttraumatic-stress-in-the-perinatal-period
#13
Pamela A Geller, Emily C Stasko
OBJECTIVE: To review the extant literature on the effect of traumatic experiences that pre-date conception, pregnancy, and the postpartum period (perinatal period) and present a thematic overview of current issues in this relatively new area of inquiry. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases CINAHL, PsychINFO, and PubMed were searched. Manual searches of bibliographies supplemented the electronic search. STUDY SELECTION: Peer-reviewed articles written in English on the role of posttraumatic stress disorder during the perinatal period were included...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666701/the-perfect-storm-of-trauma-the-experiences-of-women-who-have-experienced-birth-trauma-and-subsequently-accessed-residential-parenting-services-in-australia
#14
Holly S Priddis, Hazel Keedle, Hannah Dahlen
BACKGROUND: There appears to be a chasm between idealised motherhood and reality, and for women who experience birth trauma this can be more extreme and impact on mental health. Australia is unique in providing residential parenting services to support women with parenting needs such as sleep or feeding difficulties. Women who attend residential parenting services have experienced higher rates of intervention in birth and poor perinatal mental health but it is unknown how birth trauma may impact on early parenting...
June 27, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666232/investigating-tangible-and-mental-resources-as-predictors-of-perceived-household-food-insecurity-during-pregnancy-among-women-in-a-south-african-birth-cohort-study
#15
Jennifer A Pellowski, Whitney Barnett, Caroline C Kuo, Nastassja Koen, Heather J Zar, Dan J Stein
RATIONALE: Food insecurity during pregnancy is concerning given the increased nutritional needs of the mother for proper fetal development. However, research is lacking within the South African context to investigate the association of economic and psychosocial factors and food insecurity among pregnant women, using comprehensive, conceptually driven models. OBJECTIVE: This study applies the Network-Individual-Resource (NIR) Model to investigate individual, intimate dyadic, and family level predictors of perceived household food insecurity for pregnant women...
June 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665503/mental-health-near-miss-indicators-in-maternity-care-a-missed-opportunity-a-commentary
#16
A Easter, L M Howard, J Sandall
Medical comorbidities are common among individuals with mental illness and during pregnancy physical and mental health problems are intrinsically interrelated and can result in serious complications or death. Pregnancy and childbirth represent an optimal opportunity for recognition and response to both physical and mental illness due to increased contact with healthcare professionals. However, in addition to the psychological morbidity associated with mental illness, women with mental illness continue to have an increased risk of obstetric complications and a higher mortality rate during the perinatal period...
June 30, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663781/recent-advances-in-understanding-maternal-perinatal-mood-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Thalia Robakis, Eugenia Jernick, Katherine Williams
The study of perinatal mental health (mental health during pregnancy and postpartum) is a complex field of study that is of major importance both for the mental and physical health of new mothers and for the neurobehavioral development and long-term functioning of the children they bear. In this review, we cover the most recent additions to this rapidly evolving field. Notable advances include further illumination of the epidemiological patterns and clinical manifestations of perinatal mood disruption; new efficacy data on treatment and prevention; clarifications of the respective contributions of maternal mental illness and psychotropic medication to outcomes of pregnancy, birth, and child development; and updated expert guidelines for screening...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654010/effects-of-pup-separation-on-stress-response-in-postpartum-female-rats
#18
Manu Kalyani, Phyllis Callahan, James M Janik, Haifei Shi
There is a complex collection of neuroendocrine function during the postpartum period. Prolactin (PRL) released by suckling stimulus and its PRL receptors (PRL-R) in the central nervous system (CNS) are involved in hyporesponsiveness of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in lactating mammals including rodents and humans. It is not clear how long it takes to reestablish the attenuated HPA axis activity of lactating rats to a pre-pregnancy state after pup separation. We first tested the hypothesis that HPA axis activity in response to an acute stress in postpartum rats would return to a pre-pregnancy state after pup separation...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648766/age-sex-and-diagnosis-specific-incidence-rate-of-medically-certified-long-term-sick-leave-among-private-sector-employees-the-japan-epidemiology-collaboration-on-occupational-health-j-ecoh-study
#19
Chihiro Nishiura, Akiko Nanri, Ikuko Kashino, Ai Hori, Chihiro Kinugawa, Motoki Endo, Noritada Kato, Aki Tomizawa, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Tohru Nakagawa, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Toru Honda, Teppei Imai, Akiko Okino, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Naoko Sasaki, Kentaro Tomita, Satsue Nagahama, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Hiroko Okazaki, Taizo Murakami, Chii Shimizu, Makiko Shimizu, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Tomofumi Sone, Seitaro Dohi
BACKGROUND: Long-term sick-leave is a major public health problem, but data on its incidence in Japan are scarce. We aimed to present reference data for long-term sick-leave among private sector employees in Japan. METHODS: The study population comprised employees of 12 companies that participated in the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. Details on medically certified sick-leave lasting ≥30 days were collected from each company. Age- and sex-specific incidence rate of sick-leave was calculated for the period of April 2012 to March 2014...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648149/attitudes-to-sexual-health-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-national-survey-of-youth-aged-15-25-years
#20
Matthew Hogben, Christopher Harper, Melissa A Habel, Kathryn Brookmeyer, Allison Friedman
Background: Several common global definitions of sexual health refer to physical, emotional and social well-being, with respect to sexuality, and also to the need for this well-being to be reflected for all individuals in relationships. How well sexual health definitions fit US youths' attitudes to sexual health, and associations between these attitudes, sexual behaviours and sexual health care were assessed. Methods: In total, 4017 youth aged between 15 and 25 years via an online survey panel, weighted to be representative of the US population, were surveyed...
June 26, 2017: Sexual Health
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