Read by QxMD icon Read

Child birth and maternal death and canada

Jenny Ruducha, Carlyn Mann, Neha S Singh, Tsegaye D Gemebo, Negussie S Tessema, Angela Baschieri, Ingrid Friberg, Taddese A Zerfu, Mohammed Yassin, Giovanny A Franca, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: 3 years before the 2015 deadline, Ethiopia achieved Millennium Development Goal 4. The under-5 mortality decreased 69%, from 205 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 1990 to 64 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 2013. To understand the underlying factors that contributed to the success in achieving MDG4, Ethiopia was selected as a Countdown to 2015 case study. METHODS: We used a set of complementary methods to analyse progress in child health in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2014...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
Tracey Bushnik, Seungmi Yang, Michael S Kramer, Jay S Kaufman, Amanda J Sheppard, Russell Wilkins
BACKGROUND: Evidence on socioeconomic and ethnocultural disparities in perinatal health in Canada tends to be limited to analyses by neighbourhood or for selected provinces. In 2010, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research awarded funding for a project on perinatal outcomes. This article describes the resulting 2006 Canadian Birth-Census Cohort Database. DATA AND METHODS: From the Canadian Live Birth, Infant Death and Stillbirth Database, 687,340 records of children born in Canada from May 16, 2004 through May 15, 2006 to mothers whose usual place of residence was Canada were selected as in-scope births...
January 20, 2016: Health Reports
Hoviyeh Afnan-Holmes, Moke Magoma, Theopista John, Francis Levira, Georgina Msemo, Corinne E Armstrong, Melisa Martínez-Álvarez, Kate Kerber, Clement Kihinga, Ahmad Makuwani, Neema Rusibamayila, Asia Hussein, Joy E Lawn
BACKGROUND: Tanzania is on track to meet Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 for child survival, but is making insufficient progress for newborn survival and maternal health (MDG 5) and family planning. To understand this mixed progress and to identify priorities for the post-2015 era, Tanzania was selected as a Countdown to 2015 case study. METHODS: We analysed progress made in Tanzania between 1990 and 2014 in maternal, newborn, and child mortality, and unmet need for family planning, in which we used a health systems evaluation framework to assess coverage and equity of interventions along the continuum of care, health systems, policies and investments, while also considering contextual change (eg, economic and educational)...
July 2015: Lancet Global Health
Camilla F Speller, Kirsty L Spalding, Bruce A Buchholz, Dean Hildebrand, Jason Moore, Rolf Mathewes, Mark F Skinner, Dongya Y Yang
In 1968, a child's cranium was recovered from the banks of a northern Canadian river and held in a trust until the "cold case" was reopened in 2005. The cranium underwent reanalysis at the Centre for Forensic Research, Simon Fraser University, using recently developed anthropological analysis, "bomb-pulse" radiocarbon analysis, and forensic DNA techniques. Craniometrics, skeletal ossification, and dental formation indicated an age-at-death of 4.4 ± 1 year. Radiocarbon analysis of enamel from two teeth indicated a year of birth between 1958 and 1962...
September 2012: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Marc Nesca, J Thomas Dalby
Recent work has documented the relatively high incidence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms in women during the birth delivery process and afterwards, even in uncomplicated births. This phenomenon, however, has yet to be linked with cases of neonaticide (child homicide in the first 24 hr of life) or infanticide (child homicide within the 1st year of life). Women are more likely to experience mental disorder after childbirth than at any other time in their lives, and the intentional killing of an offspring by a mentally ill mother is likely underreported...
October 2011: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Susan M Sayers
Infant mortality and morbidity disparities occur between non-Indigenous and Indigenous populations of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Neonatal mortality is due to high-risk births, which vary according to prevalence of the maternal risk factors of smoking, alcohol consumption, infection, and disorders of nutritional status, whereas postneonatal mortality is predominantly influenced by environmental factors. Aside from changing socioeconomic conditions, a continuum of maternal and child health care is likely to be the most effective measure in reducing these health disparities...
December 2009: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Ana Carceller, Ema Ferreira, Sophie Alloul, Normand Lapointe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an association exists between exposure in utero and after birth to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) containing protease inhibitors and prematurity, birth weight, and infant growth parameters. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary, university-affiliated hospital in Montreal, Canada. PATIENTS: Cohort of 206 pairs of mothers who had human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and had been treated with HAART between 1997 and 2005, of whom 176 had regimens containing protease inhibitors, and their infants, as well as a control group of 206 infants born to non-HIV-infected mothers and thus not exposed to HAART...
November 2009: Pharmacotherapy
Charles P Larson
It is estimated that nearly 100,000 children are born into poverty each year in Canada. During pregnancy, their mothers are likely to face multiple stressful life events, including lone-mother and teenage pregnancies, unemployment, more crowded or polluted physical environments, and far fewer resources to deal with these exposures. The early child health consequences of poverty and pregnancy are multiple, and often set a newborn child on a life-long course of disparities in health outcomes. Included are greatly increased risks for preterm birth, intrauterine growth restriction, and neonatal or infant death...
October 2007: Paediatrics & Child Health
A De Scrilli, P Boracchi, G Pardi, G Bevilacqua, F M Pezzani, A Marconi, R Davanzo, R Paludetto, L Selvaggi, A A Zuppa
In this study the relationship of maternal smoking in pregnancy to low birth weight, fetal growth retardation, preterm delivery, and perinatal deaths has been investigated in a sample of 36,544 women with their single newborns, from 6 Italian centers (Triese, Milan, Parma, Rome, Naples, Bari), where a multicenter survey of perinatal preventive medicine (MPPI) was carried out, between 1973 and 1979, with the financial support of the Consiglio Nazionale dell Ricerche. The proportions of babies weighing 2500 g or less, and of babies with birth weight, head circumference or crown-heel length below the 10th centile were similar among nonsmokers and "stopped" smoker mothers, while they increased with increasing smoking levels...
January 1986: Genus
R Pampalon, G Raymond
Given that one of the goals of public health policy in Quebec and Canada is to reduce social inequalities in health and welfare, it is surprising, to say the least, that most information systems in this field make no mention of people's socio-economic characteristics. The present article proposes an index to reflect the material and social dimensions of deprivation as this concept has been developed by Peter Townsend and other authors. The article describes the method used to create the index, which uses census data and tools developed by Statistics Canada to match postal codes with enumeration areas...
2000: Chronic Diseases in Canada
M Fair, M Cyr
A new tool for epidemiological, demographic, and genetic research--the Canadian Birth Data Base-is being developed at Statistics Canada. Over a million live birth and stillbirth records for the period 1987-89 received from all provincial and territorial offices of vital statistics are being processed in a form suitable for linkage with other files. Maternal, child health, occupational, and environmental concerns, as well as some of the consequences and possible risks involved in new reproductive technologies, could be investigated...
1993: Health Reports
J M Elwood, J H Elwood
Information from series of cases of anencephalus and corresponding random samples of all livebirths showed that the prevalence rate at birth per 1000 livebirths for anencephalus was 4.02 in Belfast (from 1957 to 1969), compared to 1.36 in mothers of Scots-Irish origin resident in 14 selected Canadian cities (from 1950 to 1969). For each of these two populations, anencephalus was associated with the number of previous livebirths, stillbirths, and child deaths. However, these maternal factors did not account for any appreciable portion of the difference in prevalence rates between the two populations, showing that a different set of factors must cause the international difference in rates...
June 1982: International Journal of Epidemiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"