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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240943/commentary-giuseppe-campani-1635-1715-rome-italy-the-first-use-of-a-microscope-in-medicine-and-surgery
#1
Christian Brogna, Matthias Millesi, Leslie Fiengo, Mark Richardson, Ranjeev Bhangoo, Keyoumars Ashkan, Ugur Türe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240927/commentary-introduction-to-an-historical-reprint-heredity-and-environment-in-early-20th-century-genetics-major-leonard-darwin-s-advice-to-eugenists
#2
Garland E Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239793/medical-societies-patient-education-initiatives-public-debate-and-marketing-of-unproven-stem-cell-interventions
#3
Daniel J Weiss, Leigh Turner, Aaron D Levine, Laertis Ikonomou
Businesses marketing unproven stem cell interventions proliferate within the U.S. and in the larger global marketplace. There have been global efforts by scientists, patient advocacy groups, bioethicists, and public policy experts to counteract the uncontrolled and premature commercialization of stem cell interventions. In this commentary, we posit that medical societies and associations of health care professionals have a particular responsibility to be an active partner in such efforts. We review the role medical societies can and should play in this area through patient advocacy and awareness initiatives...
November 24, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239486/commentary-on-significant-skin-tightening-by-closure-of-fractional-ablative-laser-holes
#4
Christopher Zachary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238340/commentary-proteomics-analysis-revealed-that-crosstalk-between-helicobacter-pylori-and-streptococcus-mitis-may-enhance-bacterial-survival-and-reduces-carcinogenesis
#5
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238319/evaluating-distal-and-proximal-explanations-for-withdrawal-a-rejoinder-to-varnum-and-kwon-s-the-ecology-of-withdrawal
#6
Vinai Norasakkunkit, Yukiko Uchida, Kosuke Takemura
In their 2016 commentary on our theorizing about how youth withdrawal from economic and social participation in Japanese society (i.e., NEET and Hikikomori phenomena) stems from generational inequality of economic opportunities, Varnum and Kwon correctly point out that our explanation for withdrawal is yet untested. They then offered an alternative, evolutionary psychological explanation for withdrawal in which they claim that in resource-rich ecologies like Japan, the option to withdraw from participating in society is a possible life strategy, a strategy that would be much more costly in resource-poor ecologies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238208/is-it-severe-asthma-or-asthma-with-severe-comorbidities
#7
Luisa Brussino, Paolo Solidoro, Giovanni Rolla
Severe asthma is defined as asthma that requires treatment with high-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) plus a second controller and/or systemic corticosteroids to prevent it from becoming uncontrolled or that remains uncontrolled despite this therapy. This definition has limitations: 1) it does not define any biological characteristic that distinguishes severe asthma from asthma in general and 2) it relies on the clinical interpretation of asthma symptoms that are not specific. Actually, wheezing, dyspnea, cough and chest tightness may be caused by the comorbidities (such as rhinosinusitis, obesity and vocal cord dysfunction [VCD]) which are associated with asthma...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237872/editor-s-commentary
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237786/commentary-waltzing-around-sacred-cows-on-the-way-to-the-future
#9
Stephen M Brecher
Our mostly manual, agar based clinical microbiology laboratory is slowly but steadily being re-defined by automation and innovation. Ironically, the oldest test, the Gram stain, is still manually read and interpreted by trained personnel. In this proof of concept study Smith et al. (https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01521-17) have used computer imaging with a deep convolutional neural network to examine and interpret Gram-stained slides from positive blood culture bottles. In light of the shortage of medical technologists/microbiologists and the need for results of positive blood culture bottles 24/7, this paper paves the way for the next innovations for the clinical microbiology laboratory of the future...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237748/peer-review-of-a-manuscript-submission-a-how-to-guide-for-effective-and-efficient-commentary
#10
Larry A Allen, P Michael Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237709/peer-review-of-a-manuscript-submission-a-how-to-guide-for-effective-and-efficient-commentary
#11
Larry A Allen, P Michael Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237036/a-commentary-on-research-on-death-and-end-of-life-issues
#12
Neal Krause
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236028/beyond-disaster-preparedness-building-a-resilience-oriented-workforce-for-the-future
#13
REVIEW
Jaime Madrigano, Anita Chandra, Tracy Costigan, Joie D Acosta
Enhancing citizens' and communities' resilience is critical to adapt successfully to ongoing challenges faced by communities, as well as acute shocks resulting from disasters. While significant progress has been made in this area, several research and practice gaps remain. A crucial next step to advance resilience is the development of a resilience-oriented workforce. This narrative review examines existing literature to determine key components of a resilience-oriented workforce, with a focus on organizational structures, training and education, and leadership models...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235882/early-warning-systems-for-the-management-of-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-literature-review-of-cost-effectiveness-models
#14
Fernando Albuquerque de Almeida, Maiwenn Al, Ron Koymans, Kadir Caliskan, Ankie Kerstens, Johan L Severens
Introduction Describing the general and methodological characteristics of decision-analytical models used in the economic evaluation of early warning systems for the management of chronic heart failure patients and performing a quality assessment of their methodological characteristics is expected to provide concise and useful insight to inform the future development of decision-analytical models in the field of heart failure management. Areas covered The literature on decision-analytical models for the economic evaluation of early warning systems for the management of chronic heart failure patients was systematically reviewed...
December 13, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235582/commentary-evolution-of-ucp1-transcriptional-regulatory-elements-across-the-mammalian-phylogeny
#15
COMMENT
Tobias Fromme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235402/biofilm-related-disease
#16
Jose Luis Del Pozo
Biofilm formation represents a protected mode of growth that renders bacterial cells less susceptible to antimicrobials and to killing by host immune effector mechanisms and so enables the pathogens to survive in hostile environments and also to disperse and colonize new niches. Biofilm disease includes device-related infections, chronic infections in the absence of a foreign body, and even malfunction of medical devices. Areas covered: This review puts forward a new medical entity that represents a major public health issue, which we have named "biofilm-related disease"...
December 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235400/role-of-bevacizumab-in-the-management-of-the-patient-with-malignant-pleural-effusion-more-questions-than-answers
#17
Ralph Llewel Sabang, Deepthi Gandhiraj, Michael Fanucchi, Oleg Epelbaum
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a feature of metastatic cancer that is associated with significant morbidity and healthcare costs. The typical current management of MPE involves the combination of systemic chemotherapy and mechanical intervention in the pleural space. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an extremely potent inducer of vascular permeability, has been shown to mediate fluid formation in pleural malignancy. Therefore, bevacizumab, an inhibitor of VEGF activity, offers theoretical promise as a means of abolishing fluid formation in MPE...
December 13, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235399/reviewing-the-use-of-ventricular-assist-devices-in-the-elderly-where-do-we-stand-today
#18
Nandini Nair, Enrique Gongora
Implantation of left ventricular assist devices (LVADS) in older patients appears to be an attractive option in the wake of donor shortage and increasing incidence and prevalence of end stage heart failure. Since the inception of the artificial heart program half a century ago tremendous progress in research and development has led to utilization of more sophisticated devices. VADs have therefore emerged as a successful therapy for extending life with meaningful quality. Areas covered: This review will address the use of LVADS as a bridge to transplantation, destination therapy and comparison of LVAD therapy with alternate list heart transplantation in the elderly population...
December 13, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235390/mir-122-and-other-micrornas-as-potential-circulating-biomarkers-of-drug-induced-liver-injury
#19
Lawrence S Howell, Lucy Ireland, B Kevin Park, Christopher E Goldring
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a severe adverse drug reaction which is of major concern to patients, clinicians and the pharmaceutical industry. Accurate and rapid detection of DILI is important for patient stratification and treatment in the clinic and benefits pre-clinical drug design and risk assessment. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) offer a potential new and improved class of circulating biomarkers of DILI over the current gold standard biomarkers. Areas covered: This review highlights the shortcomings of the currently used panel of biomarkers and how miRNAs, primarily miR-122, show an improved level of specificity and sensitivity in the prediction of DILI...
December 13, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235389/extracellular-genomic-biomarkers-of-osteoarthritis
#20
Emma Budd, Giovanna Nalesso, Ali Mobasheri
Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic, debilitating and degenerative disease of the joints, is the most common form of arthritis. The seriousness of this prevalent and chronic disease is often overlooked. Disease modifying OA drug development is hindered by the lack of soluble biomarkers to detect OA early. The objective of OA biomarker research is to identify early OA prior to the appearance of radiographic signs and the development of pain. Areas covered This review has focused on extracellular genomic material that could serve as biomarkers of OA...
December 13, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
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