keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antibiotic gynecologic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335466/a-specific-mixture-of-nutrients-suppresses-ovarian-cancer-a-2780-tumor-incidence-growth-and-metastasis-to-lungs
#1
Mohd Waheed Roomi, Tatiana Kalinovsky, Matthias Rath, Aleksandra Niedzwiecki
Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecological malignancy in women, and fifth leading cause of death. Despite advances made in chemotherapy and surgery, the average time of clinical remission is approximately 2 years and the 5-year survival rate is 45%. Thus, there is an urgent need for the development of a novel therapeutic approach to ovarian cancer treatment. We investigated the effect of a specific nutrient mixture (EPQ) containing ascorbic acid, lysine, proline, green tea extract, and quercetin on human ovarian cancer cell A-2780 in vivo and in vitro...
March 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291510/prevalence-and-predictors-of-prescription-of-antibiotics-in-pregnant-women-treated-by-gynecologists-in-germany%C3%A2
#2
Louis Jacob, Matthias Kalder, Karel Kostev
AIM: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence and potential predictors of the prescription of antibiotics in pregnant women treated by gynecologists in Germany. METHODS: The current study included 90,312 women aged between 18 and 45 years with a full-term documented pregnancy during the index period (2005 - 2014). The primary outcome was the proportion of pregnant women with antibiotic prescriptions. Potential predictors of antibiotic prescriptions considered in the present analysis were age, index year, and gynecological/urinary disorders...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247620/-chronic-prostatitis-a-new-paradigm-of-treatment
#3
V A Bozhedomov
This paper proposes health care recommendations for men with chronic prostatitis (CP) taking into account etiopathogenesis and the clinical presentation of the disease. The proposal is based on the experience of federal and regional clinics of urology and gynecology, respective departments for postgraduate education and on the analysis of scientific literature. It is shown that managing patients with CP requires consideration of factors beyond the traditional practice of urology. The author validates the need to use the modern prostatitis classification UPOINT instead of the traditional NIH NIDDK (1995) to increase the effectiveness of treatment...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152882/what-is-the-real-rate-of-surgical-site-infection
#4
Claire Marten, Kimberly Potts, Lynn Cloutier, Katherine Cain, Shauna Fenton, Tara Tatum, Deepthi James, Cheryl Hubbs, Jennifer Burzawa, Shital Vachhani, Alpa Manchandia Nick, Larissa Meyer, Linda Graviss, Kathy Ware, Anne Park, Thomas A Aloia, Diane C Bodurka, Charles F Levenback, Kathleen M Schmeler
171 Background: Surgical site infections (SSI) are associated with patient morbidity and increased healthcare costs. Although several national organizations monitor SSI including the University Health System Consortium (UHC), National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP), National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), there is no standard reporting methodology. We compared SSI rates from these databases to our own chart review. METHODS: We queried the UHC, NSQIP, NHSN and AHRQ databases from 7/2012-6/2014 for SSI following gynecologic surgery at our institution...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127125/inappropriate-use-of-antibiotics-in-patients-undergoing-gynecologic-surgery
#5
John Joyce, Jessica Langsjoen, Cynthia Sharadin, Thomas J Kuehl, Wilma I Larsen
We retrospectively examined prophylactic antibiotic use and documentation of wound classification in patients having gynecologic surgery at a tertiary hospital. Of the 326 cases reviewed, 175 (54%) received prophylactic antibiotics when not indicated according to guidelines of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Antibiotic administration varied significantly (P < 0.02) among the different types of surgery, being given in 82% of laparoscopic cases, 35% of nonobstetrical dilation and curettage and operative hysteroscopy procedures, and 51% of open abdominal procedures...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091407/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-drug-induced-liver-injury
#6
Li-Xia Yang, Cheng-Yuan Liu, Lun-Li Zhang, Ling-Ling Lai, Ming Fang, Chong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Drug is an important cause of liver injury and accounts for up to 40% of instances of fulminant hepatic failure. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is increasing while the diagnosis becomes more difficult. Though many drugs may cause DILI, Chinese herbal medicines have recently emerged as a major cause due to their extensive use in China. We aimed to provide drug safety information to patients and health carers by analyzing the clinical and pathological characteristics of the DILI and the associated drug types...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029461/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-by-uterine-cervical-cerclage
#7
L Marcellin
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on cervical insufficiency and indications of cervical cerclage cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and international obstetrical societies between 1972 and June 2016 have been consulted. RESULTS: Cervical insufficiency is a pathophysiological concept and to date no consensual definition is available: the diagnosis is clinical and discussed retrospectively in case of patients with a history of late miscarriages and/or spontaneous preterm delivery, with asymptomatic dilatation of the cervix (professional consensus)...
October 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987280/abdominal-pain-learning-when-not-to-intervene
#8
Niranjan Tachamo, Bidhya Timilsina, Salik Nazir, Saroj Lohani
Epiploic appendagitis (EA) is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain. It is a benign condition but may mimic other serious causes of acute abdomen such as appendicitis, diverticulitis, and gynecological emergency in severe cases. Knowledge of this condition in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain can save unnecessary hospital admission, antibiotics, and surgery. In this article, we present the case of a 43-year-old female who presented to our hospital with a 2-day history of right lower quadrant abdominal pain and diarrhea...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938988/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-post-hysterectomy-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#9
Aurora Pop-Vicas, Jackson S Musuuza, Michelle Schmitz, Ahmed Al-Niaimi, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis and surgical technological advances have greatly reduced, but not totally eliminated surgical site infection (SSI) posthysterectomy. We aimed to identify risk factors for SSI posthysterectomy among women with a high prevalence of gynecologic malignancies, in a tertiary care setting where compliance with the Joint Commission's Surgical Care Improvement Project core measures is excellent. METHODS: The study was a matched case-control, 2 controls per case, matched on date of surgery...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918157/necrotic-fasciitis-of-the-lateral-muscle-group-of-the-thigh-following-outside-in-transobturatory-tape-procedure
#10
O Dvořák, D Leško, J Kestřánek
OBJECTIVE: Sling procedures are the preferred surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to their high success rate and low risk of complications. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty of Charles University and Faculty Hospital Hradec Kralove. CASE REPORT: Necrotic fasciitis is a rare infectious complication, the mortality of which varies by age and can reach 73% if untreated...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893534/clinical-predictors-of-positive-postoperative-blood-cultures
#11
Libby R Copeland-Halperin, Joshua Stodghill, Erica Emery, Amber W Trickey, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVE: To define clinical features of surgical patients in whom postoperative blood cultures are likely to identify pathogens. BACKGROUND: Bacteremia is a worrisome postoperative complication and blood cultures (BCx) are routinely used for evaluation of postoperative bacteremia, but are costly and not always diagnostic. Better methods are needed to select patients in whom BCx identify pathogens. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients ≥18 years old with BCx drawn ≤10 days after surgery in 2013 seeking independent predictors of positive cultures by simple and multiple logistic regression models with statistical significance at α = 0...
November 23, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882238/large-uterine-pyomyoma-in-a-perimenopausal-female-a-case-report-and-review-of-50-reported-cases-in-the-literature
#12
Naoyuki Iwahashi, Yasushi Mabuchi, Michihisa Shiro, Shigetaka Yagi, Sawako Minami, Kazuhiko Ino
Pyomyoma is a rare complication, which withoug antibiotics or surgical intervention, may cause sepsis and mortality. The present study reported a case of large uterine pyomyoma in a perimenopausal female. A 53-year-old multigravida woman was referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan) due to progressive abdominal distension. The patient presented with anemia gravis, severe inflammatory reaction and cachexia. Computed tomography revealed a large unilocular mass, 50 cm in size, with an irregular surface and thickened wall, occupying the entire abdomen...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876339/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-clostridium-difficile-c-diff-colitis-review-of-the-literature-and-a-perspective-in-gynecologic-oncology
#13
REVIEW
Kristin N Taylor, Michael T McHale, Cheryl C Saenz, Steven C Plaxe
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major cause of nosocomial diarrhea with the potential for significant morbidity and mortality. Colonization in a susceptible individual, with risk factors such as prior antibiotic use, advanced age, or medical comorbidities, may result in symptomatic infection. Although patients with a gynecologic malignancy may be at a higher risk of developing CDI due to an increased likelihood of having one or more risk factors, data do not consistently support the idea that chemotherapy or cancer itself are independently associated with CDI...
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837336/perivaginal-benign-masses-diagnosis-and-therapy-in-a-series-of-66-women
#14
Anna-Lena Liaci, Hans Boesmueller, Markus Huebner, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Christl Reisenauer
PURPOSE: Benign perivaginal masses (PVM) are relatively rare. The aim of this study is, to create a higher awareness for these entities and to point out reliable diagnostics and an accurate treatment. METHODS: The medical records of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Tuebingen were searched for number and type of urogynecological surgery in general, and a surgery, which took place particularly owing to benign PVM, over a period of 5 years. Diagnostics, treatment, histology and postoperative management were summarized and analyzed...
November 12, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679222/the-use-of-antibiotics-in-gynecological-endoscopy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
F Moiety, H Salem, E Oraby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651632/laparoscopic-vesicovaginal-fistula-repair-with-limited-cystotomy-a-rewarding-treatment-option
#16
Bastab Ghosh, Deepak K Biswal, Malay K Bera, Dilip K Pal
INTRODUCTION: Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is the most common type of urogenital fistula. Gynecologic surgery is the most common cause associated with it. Laparoscopic approach for VVF repair gives the benefit of minimally invasive surgery with principles similar to open transabdominal approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of 13 patients who underwent laparoscopic vesicovaginal repair at our department from December 2012 to December 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573526/the-disinfect-initiative-decreasing-the-incidence-of-surgical-infections-in-gynecologic-oncology
#17
Jolyn S Taylor, Claire A Marten, Mark F Munsell, Charlotte C Sun, Kimberly A Potts, Jennifer K Burzawa, Alpa M Nick, Larissa A Meyer, Keith Myers, Diane C Bodurka, Thomas A Aloia, Charles F Levenback, David R Lairson, Kathleen M Schmeler
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) lead to increased patient morbidity and healthcare costs. Our objective was to decrease the SSI rate following gynecologic surgery. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing abdominal surgery for gynecologic malignancy or benign disease received the following: patient education; preoperative antibacterial soap; appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis; change of gloves and use of clean instruments at surgical closure; surgical dressing for 48 h; and a post-discharge phone call...
February 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521877/hysterectomy-for-benign-conditions-of-the-uterus-total-abdominal-hysterectomy
#18
REVIEW
Michael Moen
Hysterectomy is the most common major gynecologic procedure. Although alternatives to hysterectomy result in fewer procedures performed annually, and the use of endoscopic techniques and vaginal hysterectomy have resulted in a lower percentage performed by the open abdominal route, certain pelvic disorders require abdominal hysterectomy. Preoperative evaluation with informed consent and surgical planning are essential to select appropriate candidates. Prophylactic antibiotics, thromboprophylaxis, attention to surgical technique, and enhanced recovery protocols should be used to provide optimal outcomes...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306128/perioperative-complications-of-gynecologic-surgery-in-diabetic-patients
#19
Joanna Świrska, Piotr Czuczwar, Agnieszka Zwolak, Beata Matyjaszek-Matuszek
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to estimate whether diabetes was an independent risk factor for perioperative complications in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 182 women (diabetics and controls) who underwent elective gynecologic surgery. Each patient without diabetes from the control group and matched for age and body mass index diabetic patient were admitted with the same gynecologic diagnosis, underwent the same gynecologic procedure, were operated on in the same operating room and were hospitalized within the same time interval...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269896/the-evolution-of-genomic-stability-to-a-mechanism-in-reproduction-and-psychiatry
#20
REVIEW
Pedro-Antonio Regidor, Claus D Volko, Adolf E Schindler, Uwe D Rohr
There are two forms of immune defense, the specific or adaptive immune defense and the unspecific innate immune defense. Vaccination is utilized against specific bacteria via the adaptive immune system. The innate immunity DNA stress defense is a non-toxic mechanism developed in yeasts and conserved in mammals and in plants. Although the steroidal hormone cascade has overtaken the stress response and allows superfast response via non-genomic receptors, the old innate immunity response is still mediated via the steroidal hormones cascade...
January 1, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
keyword
keyword
2662
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"