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Supportive psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024028/emotion-dysregulation-and-social-support-in-ptsd-and-depression-a-study-of-trauma-exposed-veterans
#1
Daniel W Cox, A Myfanwy Bakker, James A Naifeh
Emotion dysregulation has been associated with impaired interpersonal functioning and increased risk of posttraumatic psychopathology. Given that social support is a robust predictor of psychiatric morbidity following trauma exposure, we examined whether emotion dysregulation was associated with posttraumatic psychopathology through its negative effect on social support. Using self-report data from 90 military veterans (89.9% men) enrolled in an outpatient psychotherapy program for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we found that social support partially mediated the effect of emotion dysregulation on PTSD (PM = ...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022848/the-theory-and-art-of-child-psychotherapy-a-corrective-developmental-approach
#2
Robert Friedman
The history of child psychotherapy is sketched from the psychoanalytic pioneers Anna Freud and Melanie Klein to the popular "nondirective" approach of Virginia Axline. The author's approach to child psychotherapy, based on contemporary psychoanalytic theories, allows the therapist to play any parental role that helps to repair developmental deficiencies and conflicts. These include nurturing, supporting, mirroring, role modeling, challenging, and limit setting. Following Winnicott, psychotherapy is conceived as a play space in which therapist and child are both spontaneous...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016275/effectiveness-of-psychoanalytic-interactional-group-therapy-vs-behavioral-group-therapy-in-routine-outpatient-treatment-of-alcohol-dependent-patients
#3
Peter W Nyhuis, Eva Niederhofer, Norbert Scherbaum, Fabrizio Schifano, Udo Bonnet, Nikolai Dembski, Anna Niederhofer, Michael Specka, Meike Tenbergen
BACKGROUND: The cognitive behavioral therapy has been extensively investigated to assess relapse prevention rates in patients with alcohol dependence. In contrast, only little is known regarding the effectiveness of psychoanalytical psychotherapy in relapse prevention, although this treatment is widely used and especially so in Germany. The aim of this quasi-randomized study was to compare the effectiveness of these two group treatments' approaches under the condition of routine outpatient treatment in a non-university hospital...
October 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016274/mind-the-hype-a-critical-evaluation-and-prescriptive-agenda-for-research-on-mindfulness-and-meditation
#4
Nicholas T Van Dam, Marieke K van Vugt, David R Vago, Laura Schmalzl, Clifford D Saron, Andrew Olendzki, Ted Meissner, Sara W Lazar, Catherine E Kerr, Jolie Gorchov, Kieran C R Fox, Brent A Field, Willoughby B Britton, Julie A Brefczynski-Lewis, David E Meyer
During the past two decades, mindfulness meditation has gone from being a fringe topic of scientific investigation to being an occasional replacement for psychotherapy, tool of corporate well-being, widely implemented educational practice, and "key to building more resilient soldiers." Yet the mindfulness movement and empirical evidence supporting it have not gone without criticism. Misinformation and poor methodology associated with past studies of mindfulness may lead public consumers to be harmed, misled, and disappointed...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992899/tailored-online-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-with-or-without-therapist-support-calls-to-target-psychological-distress-in-adults-receiving-haemodialysis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, Sam Norton, Federica Picariello, David Game, Amy Carroll, Jonathan Spencer, Paul McCrone, Matthew Hotopf, Lucy Yardley, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is prevalent in haemodialysis (HD) patients yet access to psychotherapy remains limited. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of online cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) tailored for HD patients, with or without therapist support, for managing psychological distress. METHODS: This feasibility randomised controlled trial recruited patients from a UK HD centre. Following psychological distress screens, patients with mild-moderate psychological distress (Patient Health Questionnaire PHQ-9; score: 5-19 and/or Generalised Anxiety Disorder; GAD-7 score: 5-14) who met remaining inclusion criteria were approached for consent...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990738/treatment-of-obsessive-morbid-jealousy-with-cognitive-analytic-therapy-an-adjudicated-hermeneutic-single-case-efficacy-design-evaluation
#6
Louise Curling, Stephen Kellett, Peter Totterdell, Glenys Parry, Gillian Hardy, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVE: The evidence base for the treatment of morbid jealousy with integrative therapies is thin. This study explored the efficacy of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT). DESIGN: An adjudicated hermeneutic single-case efficacy design evaluated the cognitive analytic treatment of a patient meeting diagnostic criteria for obsessive morbid jealousy. METHOD: A rich case record was developed using a matrix of nomothetic and ideographic quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
October 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989210/the-relationship-between-automatic-thoughts-and-depression-in-a-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-people-living-with-hiv-aids-exploring-temporality-and-causality
#7
Kristen E Riley, Jasper S Lee, Steven A Safren
Depression in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is highly prevalent and related to worse adherence to antiretroviral therapy, but is amenable to change via CBT. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) specifically addresses negative automatic thoughts (ATs) as one component of the treatment. There is little research on the temporal nature of the relation between ATs and depression. HIV-positive adults with depression (N=240) were randomized to CBT-AD, information/supportive psychotherapy for adherence and depression (ISP-AD), or one session of adherence counseling alone (ETAU)...
October 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988634/a-two-tiered-strategy-for-preventing-complications-of-bereavement-in-the-first-thirteen-months-post-loss-a-pilot-study-using-peer-supports-with-professional-therapist-back-up
#8
Mark D Miller, Jacqueline Stack, Charles F Reynolds
This feasibility and acceptance pilot study for preventing complications of bereavement within the first year post loss recruited 20 adult grievers within 9 months of becoming bereft and assigned consenting subjects to peer supporters trained by a non-profit bereavement support organization for weekly or bi-weekly telephone-based peer support until month 13 post-loss. Subjects who met DSM-5 criteria for major depressive disorder or showed an Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) score exceeding 19, 6 months or more post loss, were assigned to 12 to 16 weeks of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) with an experienced therapist...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987053/characteristics-and-experience-of-the-patient-in-psychotherapy-and-the-psychotherapy-s-effectiveness-a-structural-approach
#9
Agnieszka Szymańska, Kamila Dobrenko, Lidia Grzesiuk
OBJECTIVES: The study concerns the relationship between three groups of variables presenting the patient's perspective: (1) "patient's characteristics" before psychotherapy, including "expectations of the therapy"; (2) "experience in the therapy", including the "psychotherapeutic relationship"; and (3) "assessment of the direct effectiveness of the psychotherapy". Data from the literature are the basis for predicting relationships between all of these variables. METHODS: Measurement of the variables was conducted using a follow-up survey...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985150/nonlinear-associations-between-co-rumination-and-both-social-support-and-depression-symptoms
#10
Alyssa M Ames-Sikora, Meghan Rose Donohue, Erin C Tully
Co-ruminating about one's problems appears to involve both beneficial self-disclosure and harmful rumination, suggesting that moderate levels may be the most adaptive. This study used nonlinear regression to determine whether moderate levels of self-reported co-rumination in relationships with a sibling, parent, friend, and romantic partner are linked to the highest levels of self-perceived social support and lowest levels of self-reported depression symptoms in 175 emerging adults (77% female; M = 19.66 years)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974184/psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-externalising-psychopathology-an-effectiveness-trial
#11
Katharina Weitkamp, Judith K Daniels, Georg Romer, Silke Wiegand-Grefe
OBJECTIVES: This partly waitlist-controlled prospective field study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoanalytic psychotherapy for children and adolescents with severe externalising symptoms. Externalising symptoms are associated with diagnoses of conduct disorders, hyperkinetic disorders, and disorders of social functioning. METHODS: Participants were 93 children and adolescents in psychoanalytic therapy with a diagnosed psychiatric disorder with externalising symptomatology (intervention group: n = 65; minimal supportive treatment/waitlist control group: n = 28)...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972489/-psychotherapeutic-interventions-in-patients-with-auto-aggressive-behavior-during-the-first-psychotic-episode
#12
I Mudrenko, A Potapov, D Sotnikov, O Kolenko, A Kmyta
In this article the formation of psychopathological predictors auto-aggressive behavior in patients with a first psychotic episode were identified, which became "targets" in the framework of a comprehensive emergency suicide assistance to conduct the crisis psychotherapy. The work was done on the basis of the Sumy regional psychoneurologic dispensary, where 100 patients with a first psychotic episode were examined: 52 of them (core group) had suicidal symptoms and 48 (control group) had not. According to the test results of severity of auto-aggressive predictors (pre-suicidal syndrome) to clinicopsychopathological predictors of auto-aggressive behavior include: the narrowing of the cognitive function (p≤0,001), the avoidance of interpersonal contact (r≤0,001), the presence of affective (p≤0,001) and vegetative (p≤0,01) violations, the autoaggression of moderate severity (p≤0,001) and impulsivity (p≤0,001)...
September 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969439/improving-the-efficiency-of-psychotherapy-for-depression-computer-assisted-versus-standard-cbt
#13
Michael E Thase, Jesse H Wright, Tracy D Eells, Marna S Barrett, Stephen R Wisniewski, G K Balasubramani, Paul McCrone, Gregory K Brown
OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated the efficacy and durability of a therapist-supported method for computer-assisted cognitive-behavioral therapy (CCBT) in comparison to standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). METHOD: A total of 154 medication-free patients with major depressive disorder seeking treatment at two university clinics were randomly assigned to either 16 weeks of standard CBT (up to 20 sessions of 50 minutes each) or CCBT using the "Good Days Ahead" program...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968563/changes-in-interpersonal-problems-in-the-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-depression-as-measured-by-the-inventory-of-interpersonal-problems-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Tara McFarquhar, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal problems are commonly reported by depressed patients, but the effect of psychotherapeutic treatment on them remains unclear. This paper reviews the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic interventions for depression on interpersonal problems as measured by the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP). METHODS: An electronic database search identified articles reporting IIP outcome scores for individual adult psychotherapy for depression. A systematic review and, where possible, meta-analysis was conducted...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962068/the-effect-of-perinatal-depression-treatment-for-mothers-on-parenting-and-child-development-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Nicole L Letourneau, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Nela Cosic, Jordana Linder
Antenatal and postpartum depression are very common and have significant consequences for mothers and their children. This review examines which antenatal depression (AD) and postpartum depression (PPD) treatment interventions are most efficacious in improving parenting and/or child development. CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Medline (OVID), Embase (OVID), PsychINFO, PsycARTICLES, AMED, and reference lists were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies assessing the effect of AD, PPD, or both treatment interventions on parenting and/or child development were included...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956949/does-religiosity-predict-attrition-from-a-culturally-informed-family-treatment-for-schizophrenia-that-targets-religious-coping
#16
Kayla K Gurak, Amy Weisman de Mamani, Gail Ironson
OBJECTIVE: People dealing with serious mental illness frequently report turning to religion to help cope with the disorder. However, little is known about how religion impacts commitment to psychotherapy programs for people with schizophrenia and their caregivers. METHOD: In a sample of 64 families enrolled in a culturally informed family treatment for schizophrenia that targets religiosity, we hypothesized that patients and caregivers who use high levels of adaptive religious coping and low levels of maladaptive religious coping, would be less likely to drop out of treatment than their counterparts...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947915/impediments-and-catalysts-to-task-shifting-psychotherapeutic-interventions-for-adolescents-with-ptsd-perspectives-of-multi-stakeholders
#17
Tanya van de Water, Jaco Rossouw, Elna Yadin, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study was nested within a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where two psychotherapeutic interventions (supportive counselling and prolonged exposure for adolescents) were provided by supervised nurses (who served as 'nurse counsellors') to adolescents with PTSD in school settings. This paper describes the perspectives of nurse counsellors (NCs) and school liaisons (SLs). SLs were teachers or administrative personnel at the schools who coordinated the study visits of participants with the NCs...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940324/vividness-of-positive-mental-imagery-predicts-positive-emotional-response-to-visually-presented-project-soothe-pictures
#18
Alexander C Wilson, Matthias Schwannauer, Angela McLaughlin, Fiona Ashworth, Stella W Y Chan
Lang's bioinformational theory of mental imagery proposes that mental imagery and external stimuli engage emotional information-processing systems in similar ways. However, the positive and negative systems are thought to be distinct, so this similarity is likely to show a valence-specific effect. Therefore, we hypothesized that an individual's ability to construct vivid positive, but not negative, mental imagery would predict positive emotional responding to positive visual stimuli, independently of depressive symptoms...
September 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936108/changing-internal-representations-of-self-and-other-philosophical-tools-for-the-attachment-informed-psychotherapy-with-perpetrators-and-victims-of-violence
#19
Alexandra Pârvan
Attachment research shows that the formation of unconscious, insecure representations of the self, the other, and the self-other relations is linked to perpetration and receipt of violence. Attachment-focused therapy aims to change these internal schemata to more secure, adaptive representations by therapeutic work addressed to senses, emotions, and behavior. The paper proposes a new approach to altering the self and other representations in offenders and victims: it involves intellectual reflection on self, will, action and responsibility informed by Augustine's views, facilitated by actual relational experience, and translated into a distinct self-soothing strategy...
September 2017: Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology: PPP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934623/a-scoping-review-of-human-support-factors-in-the-context-of-internet-based-psychological-interventions-ipis-for-depression-and-anxiety-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Minjung Shim, Brittain Mahaffey, Michael Bleidistel, Adam Gonzalez
Internet-based psychological interventions (IPIs) may provide a highly accessible alternative to in-person psychotherapy. However, little is known about the role of human-support in IPIs for depression and anxiety disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the evidence in the literature regarding the role of human-support in IPIs for depression and anxiety disorders; identify research gaps; and provide recommendations. A scoping review of randomized controlled trials was conducted using seven databases...
November 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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