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Supportive psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225450/therapist-use-of-specific-and-nonspecific-strategies-across-two-affect-focused-psychotherapies-for-depression-role-of-adherence-monitoring
#2
Marlissa C Amole, Jill M Cyranowski, Laren R Conklin, John C Markowitz, Stacy E Martin, Holly A Swartz
Psychotherapists routinely use both specific and non-specific strategies to deliver empirically supported treatments (ESTs). Psychotherapy adherence monitoring has traditionally focused on assessing therapist use of EST-specific strategies (to distinguish between ESTs), paying less attention to non-specific techniques common to multiple psychotherapies. This study used the Collaborative Study Psychotherapy Rating Scale (CSPRS) to evaluate therapist use of both specific and non-specific techniques in two affect-focused ESTs for depression...
September 2017: Journal of Psychotherapy Integration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213344/psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-health-technology-assessment
#3
(no author information available yet)
Background: Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are among the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses in Canada; both are associated with a high societal and economic burden. Treatment for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder consists of pharmacological and psychological interventions. Three commonly used psychological interventions are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and supportive therapy. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness and safety of these types of therapy for the treatment of adults with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder, to assess the cost-effectiveness of structured psychotherapy (CBT or interpersonal therapy), to calculate the budget impact of publicly funding structured psychotherapy, and to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of people with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200858/group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study
#4
Hongjing Mao, Yutian Ji, You Xu, Guangzheng Tang, Zhenghe Yu, Lianlian Xu, Chanchan Shen, Wei Wang
Background: Group cognitive-behavioral therapy (GCBT) might meet the considerable treatment demand of insomnia, but its effectiveness needs to be addressed. Participants: This study recruited 27 insomnia patients treated with 16-weeks of zolpidem (zolpidem group), 26 patients treated with 4-weeks of zolpidem and also treated with 12-weeks of GCBT (GCBT group), and 31 healthy control volunteers. Methods: Before treatment and 16 weeks after intervention, participants were evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaires (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] and Patient Health Questionnaire-15 [PHQ-15]), the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep-16 (DBAS-16), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199520/the-trauma-resiliency-model-a-bottom-up-intervention-for-trauma-psychotherapy
#5
Linda Grabbe, Elaine Miller-Karas
BACKGROUND: The Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM) is an innovative therapeutic approach for trauma. This "bottom-up" somatic approach comprises nine skills that use sensory awareness for emotion regulation and integration. Body-based therapies may be more effective for trauma than currently used cognitive ('top-down") and exposure therapies. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present TRM and current literature on the neuroscience of trauma and resiliency, and the rationale for body-based therapy...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181091/parenting-and-child-mental-health
#6
Rachael Ryan, Christine O'Farrelly, Paul Ramchandani
This paper reviews parenting programmes and their effectiveness with families of young children and highlights additional resources for primary care practitioners. Typically, 30% of GP consultations concern child behaviour problems and established behaviour problems can have lasting effects on children's life chances. These problems can be identified in infancy and toddlerhood.Parenting is a key risk factor in their development and maintenance, yet is also amenable to change. In this paper we consider six parenting programmes that are widely evaluated and/or available in the U...
November 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179084/depression-anxiety-and-ptsd-in-sexually-abused-adolescents-association-with-self-efficacy-coping-and-family-support
#7
Cristóbal Guerra, Chamarrita Farkas, Laura Moncada
Sexual abuse has the potential to generate serious emotional consequences for its victims, but there is high variability in the symptoms reported by different victims. Therefore, it is necessary to ascertain the factors associated with the symptoms presented by sexual abuse victims. The aim of the study was to use a single model to evaluate the relationship between sexual abuse characteristics (frequency, violence, relation with the aggressor and physical commitment), cognitive and behavioral factors (self-efficacy, active coping and perceived family support) and internalizing symptoms (anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress) in a group of sexually abused adolescents...
November 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178147/psychosocial-predictors-of-distress-and-depression-among-south-african-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Ashraf Kagee, Rizwana Roomaney, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVE: The present study focused on psychological distress and symptoms of depression among a sample of patients attending an out-patient breast cancer clinic in South Africa. The authors also sought to identify the predictors of distress and depression using demographic, medical, and psychosocial variables, including perceived and received social support. METHODS: A convenience sample of breast cancer patients was recruited from the Breast Clinic at a hospital in the Western Cape, South Africa...
November 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173224/occupational-therapy-for-functional-neurological-disorders-a-scoping-review-and-agenda-for-research
#9
Paula Gardiner, Lindsey MacGregor, Alan Carson, Jon Stone
Functional neurological disorders (FND)-also called psychogenic, nonorganic, conversion, and dissociative disorders-constitute one of the commonest problems in neurological practice. An occupational therapist (OT) is commonly involved in management, but there is no specific literature or guidance for these professionals. Classification now emphasizes the importance of positive diagnosis of FND based on physical signs, more than psychological features. Studies of mechanism have produced new clinical and neurobiological ways of thinking about these disorders...
November 27, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172627/pediatric-primary-care-psychologists-reported-level-of-integration-billing-practices-and-reimbursement-frequency
#10
Andrew R Riley, Allison Grennan, Kathryn Menousek, Kathryn W Hoffses
INTRODUCTION: Integration of psychological services into pediatric primary care is increasingly common, but models of integration vary with regard to their level of coordination, colocation, and integration. High-integration models may provide some distinct advantages, such as preventative care and brief consultation for subclinical behavior concerns; however, psychologists face barriers to seeking reimbursement for these services. Alternatives to traditional psychotherapy and psychological testing codes, specifically Health & Behavior (H&B) codes, have been proposed as 1 method for supporting integrated care...
November 27, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153455/could-we-remedy-the-crisis-of-care-by-incorporating-mandatory-group-psychotherapy-in-nurse-education
#11
EDITORIAL
Suzanne Bliss
This paper suggests a tentative proposal for nurse education that may go some way to remedying the 'crisis of care' described by Judge Francis and others. Any viable strategy to improve caring attitudes in nursing students must involve activities across the curriculum that foster self-awareness and empathy. It is suggested that the best way to do this is for all undergraduate nursing students to participate in regular, supervised group psychotherapy sessions as a mandated requirement for registration. This strategy would be helpful in at least two main ways...
November 13, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152674/progress-and-promise-for-the-mdma-drug-development-program
#12
REVIEW
Allison A Feduccia, Julie Holland, Michael C Mithoefer
Pharmacotherapy is often used to target symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but does not provide definitive treatment, and side effects of daily medication are often problematic. Trauma-focused psychotherapies are more likely than drug treatment to achieve PTSD remission, but have high dropout rates and ineffective for a large percentage of patients. Therefore, research into drugs that might increase the effectiveness of psychotherapy is a logical avenue of investigation. The most promising drug studied as a catalyst to psychotherapy for PTSD thus far is 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), commonly known as the recreational drug "Ecstasy...
November 20, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151846/examining-ethnic-disparities-in-provider-and-parent-in-session-participation-engagement
#13
Kelsey S Dickson, Sasha M Zeedyk, Jonathan Martinez, Rachel Haine-Schlagel
Purpose: Well-documented ethnic disparities exist in the identification and provision of quality services among children receiving community-based mental health services. These disparities extend to parent treatment engagement, an important component of effective mental health services. Currently, little is known about differences in how providers support parents' participation in treatment and the degree to which parents actively participate in it. The purpose of this paper is to examine potential differences in both provider and parent in-session participation behaviours...
2017: Journal of Children's Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136683/why-is-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-mcgp-effective-enhanced-sense-of-meaning-as-the-mechanism-of-change-for-advanced-cancer-patients
#14
Barry Rosenfeld, Heining Cham, Hayley Pessin, William Breitbart
OBJECTIVES: Meaning-Centered Group Psychotherapy (MCGP) has been demonstrated to be an effective method for improving advanced cancer patients' quality of life and reducing their depression, hopelessness, and desire for hastened death. To further understand MCGP, this study examined the mechanisms of change in MCGP on these outcomes via advanced cancer patients' changes of sense of meaning and peace in life. METHODS: The sample data were from two randomized control trials that compared MCGP (n = 124) to supportive group psychotherapy (n = 94)...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136682/exploring-the-cancer-caregiver-s-journey-through-web-based-meaning-centered-psychotherapy
#15
A J Applebaum, K L Buda, E Schofield, M Farberov, N D Teitelbaum, K Evans, R Cowens-Alvarado, R S Cannady
PURPOSE: Psychosocial interventions are historically underutilized by cancer caregivers, but support programs delivered flexibly over the Internet address multiple barriers to care. We adapted Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy for Cancer Caregivers, an in-person psychotherapeutic intervention intended to augment caregivers' sense of meaning and purpose and ameliorate burden, for delivery in a self-administered web-based program, the Care for the Cancer Caregiver (CCC) Workshop. The present study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of this program...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131050/the-clinical-inadequacy-of-the-placebo-model-and-the-development-of-an-alternative-conceptual-framework
#16
Giovanni A Fava, Jenny Guidi, Chiara Rafanelli, Karl Rickels
Placebo effects are often attributed to clinical interactions and contextual factors that affect expectations of the patient about the treatment and result in symptom changes. The prevailing conceptualization consists of an undifferentiated placebo response that needs to be minimized in controlled investigations and maximized in clinical practice. However, treatment outcome is the cumulative result of the interaction of several classes of variables with a selected treatment: living conditions (housing, nutrition, work environment, social support), patient characteristics (age, sex, genetics, general health conditions, personality, well-being), illness features and previous therapeutic experience, self-management, and treatment setting (physician's attitude and attention, illness behavior)...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129190/moderators-of-sudden-gains-after-sessions-addressing-emotion-regulation-among-women-in-treatment-for-alcohol-use
#17
Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Elizabeth E Epstein, Jumi Hayaki, James S Marinchak, Barbara S McCrady, Sharon M Cook
Sudden gains (SGs) are defined as abrupt and significant improvements in mental health symptoms that occur between two psychotherapy sessions. Preliminary evidence suggests that SGs may be an important pattern of symptom reduction in the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD) (i.e., a steep between-session reduction in drinking or alcohol craving frequency or intensity) (Drapkin, Epstein, McCrady, & Eddie, 2015). The current study examined SGs within two randomized clinical trials (RCTs) testing female-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) protocol for AUD (n=146)...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126341/-acceptance-of-online-based-therapy-by-patients-with-light-to-moderate-depressive-disorders
#18
Christoph Dockweiler, Anna Kupitz, Claudia Hornberg
Objectives Over the past few years, there has been a considerable increase in online-based therapeutic services for people affected by depressive disorders. The efficacy and efficiency of these programmes is well documented by now. User acceptance is considered as a significant factor of success in establishing this new patient-centered care. Theory-based acceptance surveys can provide valuable scientific knowledge regarding long-term introduction. Methods A nationwide online survey was conducted to determine the attitude towards web-based psychotherapy services for depressive disorders, the current state of knowledge and the intention of 186 participants (124 female and 62 male participants; aged 21 and above) to use these services...
November 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125015/factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-patients-with-long-term-disabilities-due-to-neurological-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#19
Maura Mitrushina, Robert Tomaszewski
The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N = 67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment...
November 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123345/effect-of-supportive-psychotherapy-on-mental-health-status-and-quality-of-life-of-female-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-for-recurrent-disease
#20
Anindita Mukherjee, Koustav Mazumder, Vikrant Kaushal, Sushmita Ghoshal
Context: Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy for their recurrent disease often report the presence of anxiety and depression. Aims: In the study, we intended to find out the mental health status and overall quality of life (QOL) of such patients and to identify the effect of supportive psychotherapy. Subjects and Methods: Forty cancer patients undergoing second or subsequent line chemotherapy(CCT) were selected for psychotherapy session...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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