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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455696/targeting-habits-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-proof-of-concept-randomized-trial
#1
Joanna E Steinglass, Deborah R Glasofer, Emily Walsh, Gabby Guzman, Carol B Peterson, B Timothy Walsh, Evelyn Attia, Stephen A Wonderlich
BACKGROUND: Habits are behavioral routines that are automatic and frequent, relatively independent of any desired outcome, and have potent antecedent cues. Among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), behaviors that promote the starved state appear habitual, and this is the foundation of a recent neurobiological model of AN. In this proof-of-concept study, we tested the habit model of AN by examining the impact of an intervention focused on antecedent cues for eating disorder routines...
February 19, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449879/the-impact-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-on-stigma-among-survivors-of-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
S M Murray, J Augustinavicius, D Kaysen, D Rao, L K Murray, K Wachter, J Annan, K Falb, P Bolton, J K Bass
Background: Sexual violence is associated with a multitude of poor physical, emotional, and social outcomes. Despite reports of stigma by sexual violence survivors, limited evidence exists on effective strategies to reduce stigma, particularly in conflict-affected settings. We sought to assess the effect of group Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) on stigma and the extent to which stigma might moderate the effectiveness of CPT in treating mental health problems among survivors of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448136/improving-functional-outcomes-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-ptsd-by-changing-ptsd-severity-and-post-traumatic-cognitions
#3
Melanie S Harned, Chelsey R Wilks, Sara C Schmidt, Trevor N Coyle
Although functional impairment typically improves during evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for borderline personality disorder (BPD), functional levels often remain suboptimal after treatment. The present pilot study evaluated whether and how integrating PTSD treatment into an EBP for BPD would improve functional outcomes. Participants were 26 women with BPD, PTSD, and recent suicidal and/or self-injurious behavior who were randomized to receive one year of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) or DBT with the DBT Prolonged Exposure (DBT PE) protocol for PTSD...
February 6, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444721/psychological-treatments-delivered-by-community-health-workers-in-low-resource-government-health-systems-effectiveness-of-group-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-caregivers-of-children-affected-by-nodding-syndrome-in-uganda
#4
Byamah B Mutamba, Jeremy C Kane, Joop T V M de Jong, James Okello, Seggane Musisi, Brandon A Kohrt
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing evidence for the benefits of psychological treatments (PTs) in low- and middle-income countries, few national health systems have adopted PTs as standard care. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a group interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-G) intervention, when delivered by lay community health workers (LCHWs) in a low-resource government health system in Uganda. The intended outcome was reduction of depression among caregivers of children with nodding syndrome, a neuropsychiatric condition with high morbidity, mortality and social stigma...
February 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432082/enhancing-meaning-when-facing-later-life-losses
#5
Janet Anderson Yang, Breanna L Wilhelmi, Krista McGlynn
OBJECTIVE: This article presents several client cases to illustrate psychotherapeutic interventions for helping older adults facing later life losses enhance their sense of meaning. METHODS: Cases are derived from the client population of a community mental health clinic which provides psychotherapy for low income, seriously mentally ill, culturally diverse older adults, many of whom experience serious medical illnesses. Over the course of 24 years in this setting, the primary author has observed various interventions which offer possibilities to provide hope and meaning for clients with severe problems...
January 29, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426558/-prevention-of-psychological-disorders-after-a-road-accident
#6
REVIEW
Florian Nicolas, Aline Delahaye
A psychological intervention programme, set up within a trauma centre, revealed common factors contributing to the emotional upheaval felt by road accident victims. These factors are linked to the event itself, its medical management, the quality of family support and the patient's history. Early psychotherapy, the awareness of the nursing teams and the involvement of the families are the key elements ensuring coherent and effective prevention.
February 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423828/standardized-patients-in-clinical-psychology-and-psychotherapy-a-scoping-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-for-implementation
#7
REVIEW
Franziska Kühne, Destina Sevde Ay, Mara Jasmin Otterbeck, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVES: The use of simulated and standardized patients (SP) is widely accepted in the medical field and, from there, is beginning to disseminate into clinical psychology and psychotherapy. The purpose of this study was therefore to systematically review barriers and facilitators that should be considered in the implementation of SP interventions specific to clinical psychology and psychotherapy. METHODS: Following current guidelines, a scoping review was conducted...
February 8, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417609/how-many-individuals-achieve-symptom-abstinence-following-psychological-treatments-for-bulimia-nervosa-a-meta-analytic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVES: It is unclear how many patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) completely abstain from the core behavioral symptoms after receiving psychological treatment. The present meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to (a) estimate the prevalence of patients who abstain from binge eating and/or purging following all psychological treatments for BN, and (b) test whether these abstinence estimates are moderated by the type of treatment modality delivered, the definition of abstinence applied, and trial quality...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416322/quality-of-life-and-psychological-consequences-in-elderly-patients-after-a-hip-fracture-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Konstantinos I Alexiou, Andreas Roushias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Konstantinos N Malizos
Fractures due to fragility of the bone around the hip joint have become a major public health issue, presenting with an increasing incidence due to the growth of the elderly population. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of hip fractures on the quality of life (QoL), health status (HS), functioning, and psychological parameters, and factors influencing the outcome and the appropriate interventions for improvement of elderly patients. A systematic electronic search of the relevant literature was carried out using the CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Medline (OvidSP), and PubMed databases spanning the time period from their establishment up to January 2017...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409335/can-interpersonal-psychotherapy-be-delivered-by-a-community-agency
#10
Suzanne E Luty, Sebastiano Scalia
OBJECTIVES: There are limited options for depressed patients to have access to evidence-based psychotherapies in the community. This pilot study explored the feasibility of delivering interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) to clients in a community support agency. METHOD: A total of 18 clients with depression completed at least eight sessions of IPT (range 8-13) and 17 completed a range of pre- and post-treatment measures. RESULTS: Clients had a high level of depression and were functioning poorly...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408159/a-naturalistic-exploratory-study-of-obsessive-compulsive-bipolar-comorbidity-in-youth
#11
Gabriele Masi, Stefano Berloffa, Maria Mucci, Chiara Pfanner, Giulia D'Acunto, Francesca Lenzi, Francesca Liboni, Azzurra Manfredi, Annarita Milone
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence supports the comorbidity between bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents. Our aim is to further explore clinical and treatment implications of this comorbidity, as it appears in clinical practice. METHOD: The sample included 429 consecutive patients with BD and/or OCD as primary diagnoses, followed for a mean period of 6 months (range 4-9 months), 172 with BD (102 males, mean age 13.7±2...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396387/telehealth-interventions-delivering-home-based-support-group-videoconferencing-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Annie Banbury, Susan Nancarrow, Jared Dart, Leonard Gray, Lynne Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Group therapy and education and support sessions are used within health care across a range of disciplines such as chronic disease self-management and psychotherapy interventions. However, there are barriers that constrain group attendance, such as mobility, time, and distance. Using videoconferencing may overcome known barriers and improve the accessibility of group-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the literature to determine the feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness, and implementation of health professional-led group videoconferencing to provide education or social support or both, into the home setting...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391399/stress-hormone-response-to-the-dex-crh-test-and-its-relation-to-psychotherapy-outcome-in-panic-disorder-patients-with-and-without-agoraphobia
#13
Susann Wichmann, Stefan R Bornstein, Thomas Lorenz, Katja Petrowski
This study tested whether the hormonal stress response to the DEX-CRH test may be predictive of the psychotherapy success for panic disorder (PD). Thirty-four patients diagnosed either with agoraphobia with PD or PD without agoraphobia were subjected to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Patients (pre-therapy) and healthy volunteers were exposed to the DEX-CRH test. Blood samples were taken for cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) assessment. Established panic-specific questionnaires were handed out for the pre-therapy and post-therapy evaluation of disease severity (with reference to panic beliefs and agoraphobic cognitions, fear of bodily sensations, agoraphobic avoidance behaviour)...
February 2, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388523/antidepressants-in-paediatric-depression-do-not-look-back-in-anger-but-around-in-awareness
#14
David A Brent, Robert D Gibbons, Paul Wilkinson, Bernadka Dubicka
In this paper, we summarise and critique a network meta-analysis (NMA) of antidepressant efficacy and tolerability for paediatric depression and an accompanying editorial. Although we agree that many of the extant studies are flawed, this meta-analysis showed clear efficacy of fluoxetine in the NMA, and for sertraline and escitalopram in pairwise analyses. Consequently, these papers underestimate the benefits of antidepressants for paediatric depression, and provide support for current practice guideline, which recommends the use of an antidepressant if the patient does not respond to psychotherapy...
February 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383410/-pharmacogenetics-in-psychiatry-state-of-the-art
#15
REVIEW
D J Müller, E J Brandl, F Degenhardt, K Domschke, H Grabe, O Gruber, J Hebebrand, W Maier, A Menke, M Riemenschneider, M Rietschel, D Rujescu, T G Schulze, L Tebartz van Elst, O Tüscher, J Deckert
In this article, the current literature on pharmacogenetics of antidepressants, antipsychotics and lithium are summarized by the section of Neurobiology and Genetics of the German Society of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Neurology (DGPPN). The publications of international expert groups and regulatory authorities are reviewed and discussed. In Germany, a statement on pharmacogenetics was also made by the gene diagnostics committee of the Ministry of Health. The DGPPN supports two recommendations: 1) to perform CYP2D6 genetic testing prior to prescription of tricyclic antidepressants and 2) to determine the HLA-B*1502 genotype in patients of Asian origin before using carbamazepine...
January 30, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362929/does-the-efficacy-of-parent-child-training-depend-on-maternal-symptom-improvement-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-children-and-mothers-both-affected-by-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#16
Alexander Häge, Barbara Alm, Tobias Banaschewski, Katja Becker, Michael Colla, Christine Freitag, Julia Geissler, Alexander von Gontard, Erika Graf, Barbara Haack-Dees, Susann Hänig, Klaus Hennighausen, Sarah Hohmann, Christian Jacob, Charlotte Jaite, Christine Jennen-Steinmetz, Viola Kappel, Swantje Matthies, Alexandra Philipsen, Luise Poustka, Wolfgang Retz, Michael Rösler, Katja Schneider-Momm, Esther Sobanski, Timo D Vloet, Andreas Warnke, Thomas Jans
Multimodal treatment of children with ADHD often includes parent-child training (PCT). However, due to the high heritability, parents of children with ADHD are frequently also affected by the disorder, which is likely to constitute a significant barrier to successful treatment of the child. This secondary analysis of our randomized controlled multicentre AIMAC trial (ADHD in mothers and children) investigates whether children's outcomes following parent-child training in combination with maternal ADHD treatment depend on maternal symptom improvement...
January 23, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357689/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-adoptive-parents-attending-nurturing-attachments-a-dyadic-developmental-psychotherapy-informed-group
#17
Olivia Hewitt, Ben Gurney-Smith, Kim Golding
Children who are adopted have frequently experienced a range of aversive experience which impact on their ability to form secure attachments. Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP) is an intervention designed to develop and promote secure attachments with children who have experienced developmental trauma. Eight adoptive parents participated in semi-structured interviews regarding their experiences of attending the 'Nurturing Attachment' group informed by DDP. The transcripts of their interviews were explored using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355334/schizophrenia-narrative-and-neurocognition-the-utility-of-life-stories-in-understanding-social-problem-solving-skills
#18
Aubrey M Moe, Nicholas J K Breitborde, Kyle J Bourassa, Colin J Gallagher, Mohammed K Shakeel, Nancy M Docherty
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia researchers have focused on phenomenological aspects of the disorder to better understand its underlying nature. In particular, development of personal narratives-that is, the complexity with which people form, organize, and articulate their "life stories"-has recently been investigated in individuals with schizophrenia. However, less is known about how aspects of narrative relate to indicators of neurocognitive and social functioning. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association of linguistic complexity of life-story narratives to measures of cognitive and social problem-solving abilities among people with schizophrenia...
January 22, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352014/effectiveness-of-comprehensive-social-support-interventions-among-elderly-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-communities-in-china-a-community-based-trial
#19
Xuhui Li, Bin Wang, Dixin Tan, Mengyu Li, Dandan Zhang, Cong Tang, Xiaonan Cai, Yaqiong Yan, Sheng Zhang, Bo Jin, Songlin Yu, Xunchang Liang, Qian Chu, Yihua Xu
BACKGROUND: With the increasing of ageing population, tuberculosis in the elderly brings a challenge for the tuberculosis (TB) control in China. Enough social support can promote the treatment adherence and outcome of the elderly patients with TB. Exploring effective interventions to improve the social support of patients is of great significance for TB management and control. METHODS: A community-based, repeated measurement trial was conducted. Patients with TB >65 years of age were allocated into the intervention or control group...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351710/-implementation-of-an-internet-based-self-help-for-patients-waiting-for-outpatient-psychotherapy-first-results
#20
Kristina Fuhr, Bettina Fahse, Martin Hautzinger, Marco Daniel Gulewitsch
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies prove the efficacy of internet-based self-help programs, but integration into the health-care system was rarely investigated. The present study addresses the implementation of an internet-based self-help program into routine care of patients with depressive symptoms waiting for psychotherapy at the university outpatient center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients waiting for outpatient psychotherapy were randomly assigned to either a control group or an intervention group that received access to the internet-based program Deprexis during the waiting period...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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