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Supportive psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#1
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818735/prospective-assessment-of-social-network-quality-among-depressed-mothers-treated-with-brief-psychotherapy-the-social-network-quality-snq-scales
#2
Luis E Flores, Jill M Cyranowski, Marlissa Amole, Holly A Swartz
OBJECTIVE: Social relationships play important roles in emotional health, and are common targets of psychotherapeutic interventions. To better evaluate social relationship structure and function in the context of psychotherapy trials, this study introduces and psychometrically evaluates the Social Network Quality (SNQ) scales, which supplement the Social Network Index (SNI). The original SNI evaluates social network structure (i.e., extent of participation in diverse social roles and number of social relationships)...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813321/focusing-on-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Paula P Schnurr
Trauma-focused psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) includes a range of theoretical approaches, but primarily is based on cognitive-behavioral theory. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is another type of trauma-focused psychotherapy. Although there is some evidence to support present-centered and interpersonal approaches, trauma-focused psychotherapies have the most empirical support and are the most effective for treating PTSD and related problems.
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803041/the-influence-of-traumatic-brain-injury-on-treatment-outcomes-of-concurrent-treatment-for-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-using-prolonged-exposure-cope-in-veterans
#4
Daniel F Gros, Cynthia L Lancaster, Michael David Horner, Derek D Szafranski, Sudie E Back
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorders (SUD), and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in veterans of Operations Enduring/Iraqi Freedom and New Dawn has received much attention in the literature. Although hypotheses have been presented and disseminated that TBI history will negatively influence treatment response, little data exist to support these claims. The present study investigates the influence of TBI history on response to COPE (Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and SUD Using Prolonged Exposure), a 12-session, integrated psychotherapy designed to address co-occurring PTSD and SUD...
July 17, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800186/ameliorative-response-to-detoxification-psychotherapy-and-medical-management-in-patients-maintained-on-opioids-for-pain
#5
Molly Belkin, Howard Stephen Reinheimer, Jordan Levy, Brian Johnson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH) among patients maintained on opioids for chronic non-malignant pain has not been estimated. As a contribution toward establishing its prevalence, we report a case series of opioid maintained patients whose pain tolerance was measured by the cold pressor test at baseline. METHODS: A case series of 117 patients who had undergone detoxification was reviewed retrospectively. Most patients (n = 108) and selected non-addicted support persons who accompanied them (controls; n = 37) had cold pressor time (CPT) assessments at baseline...
August 11, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793983/how-do-ehealth-programs-for-adolescents-with-depression-work-a-realist-review-of-persuasive-system-design-components-in-internet-based-psychological-therapies
#6
Lori Wozney, Anna Huguet, Kathryn Bennett, Ashley D Radomski, Lisa Hartling, Michele Dyson, Patrick J McGrath, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorders are common among adolescents and can impact all aspects of their daily life. Traditional therapies, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) have been delivered face-to-face. However, Internet-based (online) delivery of these therapies is emerging as an option for adolescents. Internet-based CBT and IPT involve therapeutic content, interaction between the user and the system, and different technological features embedded into the online program (eg, multimedia)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767332/short-term-group-therapy-for-complicated-grief-the-relationship-between-patients-in-session-reflection-and-outcome
#7
David Kealy, Carlos A Sierra-Hernandez, William E Piper, Anthony S Joyce, Rene Weideman, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to examine the nature of patients' work in two types of short-term group psychotherapy. The study sought to investigate the relationship between patients' psychodynamic work versus supportive work in group psychotherapy and treatment outcome at termination and at 6-month follow-up. Psychodynamic work refers to reflection regarding intrapsychic motivations, defenses, and relational patterns, and supportive work refers to practical problem solving...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746413/insomnia-with-objective-short-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-longer-duration-of-insomnia-in-the-freiburg-insomnia-cohort-compared-to-insomnia-with-normal-sleep-duration-but-not-with-hypertension
#8
Anna F Johann, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Simon D Kyle, Chiara Baglioni, Bernd Feige, Christoph Nissen, Alastair J McGinness, Dieter Riemann, Kai Spiegelhalder
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To replicate the association between insomnia with objective short sleep duration and hypertension, type 2 diabetes and duration of insomnia. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Center-University of Freiburg. PARTICIPANTS: 328 patients with primary insomnia classified according to DSM-IV criteria (125 males, 203 females, 44.3 ± 12.2 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745946/mentalization-based-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder-in-adults-and-adolescents-for-whom-when-and-how
#9
Dine J Feenstra, Patrick Luyten, Dawn L Bales
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is common in clinical practice. Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice, and mentalization-based treatment (MBT) is one of the empirically supported treatments that are currently available. For adults, two variants of MBT (MBT day hospital [MBT-DH] and MBT intensive outpatient [MBT-IOP]) have been developed and empirically evaluated. The authors review research on the development, efficacy, and implementation of MBT. In conclusion, the authors focus on the implementation of treatment programs for BPD patients...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745107/effectiveness-of-psychotherapy-in-adult-adhd-what-do-patients-think-results-of-the-compas-study
#10
Vivien Groß, Caroline Lücke, Erika Graf, Alexandra P Lam, Swantje Matthies, Patricia Borel, Esther Sobanski, Michael Rösler, Wolfgang Retz, Christian Jacob, Michael Colla, Michael Huss, Thomas Jans, Bernhard Kis, Mona Abdel-Hamid, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Alexandra Philipsen
OBJECTIVE: In the multicenter study Comparison of Methylphenidate and Psychotherapy in Adult ADHD (COMPAS), the efficacy of treatments has been primarily evaluated by observer-rated symptom change. Here, we additionally analyzed the patients' subjective evaluation of therapy effects. METHOD: COMPAS compared ADHD-specific group therapy with unspecific clinical management with/without concomitant pharmacotherapy in a four-armed design. Evaluation through the patients' retrospective perspective was performed after 1 year (post-treatment) and after another 1...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741736/increased-mindfulness-skills-as-predictors-of-reduced-trauma-related-guilt-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#11
Philip Held, Gina P Owens, J Richard Monroe, Kathleen M Chard
The present study examined the predictive role of increased self-reported mindfulness skills on reduced trauma-related guilt in a sample of veterans over the course of residential treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; N = 128). The residential treatment consisted of seven weeks of intensive cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD, as well as additional psychoeducational groups, including seven sessions on mindfulness skills. Increased mindfulness skills describing, acting with awareness, and accepting without judgment were significantly associated with reductions in trauma-related guilt over the course of treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741031/inhibition-of-serotonin-transporters-disrupts-the-enhancement-of-fear-memory-extinction-by-3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-mdma
#12
Matthew B Young, Seth D Norrholm, Lara M Khoury, Tanja Jovanovic, Sheila A M Rauch, Collin M Reiff, Boadie W Dunlop, Barbara O Rothbaum, Leonard L Howell
RATIONALE: 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) persistently improves symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when combined with psychotherapy. Studies in rodents suggest that these effects can be attributed to enhancement of fear memory extinction. Therefore, MDMA may improve the effects of exposure-based therapy for PTSD, particularly in treatment-resistant patients. However, given MDMA's broad pharmacological profile, further investigation is warranted before moving to a complex clinical population...
July 24, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732289/effects-of-psychotherapies-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-sleep-disturbances-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Elizabeth Woodward, Ann Hackmann, Jennifer Wild, Nick Grey, David M Clark, Anke Ehlers
The effectiveness and mechanisms of psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in treating sleep problems is of interest. This study compared the effects of a trauma-focused and a non-trauma-focused psychotherapy on sleep, to investigate whether 1) sleep improves with psychotherapy for PTSD; 2) the degree of sleep improvement depends on whether the intervention is trauma or nontrauma-focused; 3) the memory-updating procedure in cognitive therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD) is associated with sleep improvements; 4) initial sleep duration affects PTSD treatment outcome; and 5) which symptom changes are associated with sleep duration improvements...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728641/association-between-process-based-quality-indicators-and-mortality-for-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#14
Susan M Paddock, Kimberly A Hepner, Teresa Hudson, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Amy M Schrader, Greer Sullivan, Katherine E Watkins
OBJECTIVE: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are associated with elevated rates of mortality. Little is known about whether receiving appropriate care is associated with lower mortality for patients with SUDs. This study examined the association between the receipt of care for SUDs and subsequent 12- and 24-month mortality. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study of veterans who received care for SUDs paid for by the Veterans Health Administration during October 2006- September 2007 (n = 339,966)...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726061/advances-in-psychotherapy-for-depressed-older-adults
#15
REVIEW
Patrick J Raue, Amanda R McGovern, Dimitris N Kiosses, Jo Anne Sirey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review recent advances in psychotherapies for depressed older adults, in particular those developed for special populations characterized by chronic medical illness, acute medical illness, cognitive impairment, and suicide risk factors. We review adaptations for psychotherapy to overcome barriers to its accessibility in non-specialty settings such as primary care, homebound or hard-to-reach older adults, and social service settings. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence supports the effectiveness of psychotherapies that target late-life depression in the context of specific comorbid conditions including COPD, heart failure, Parkinson's disease, stroke and other acute conditions, cognitive impairment, and suicide risk...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721822/opioid-antagonists-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-gambling-disorder-are-they-relevant
#16
Caroline Victorri-Vigneau, Andrew Spiers, Pascal Caillet, Mélanie Bruneau, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Background: To date, no drugs have been approved for gambling disorder. Numerous publications have described the value of opioid antagonists. Indeed, the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic pathway has been suggested as the underlying cause of reward-seeking behaviour, and it is modulated by the opioid system. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the relevance of opioid antagonists for treating GD. Method A systematic literature review was conducted. A search of the PubMed electronic database, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Systematic Review Database without any limits was performed...
July 18, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716769/web-based-therapist-training-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression-pilot-study
#17
Kenneth A Kobak, Joshua D Lipsitz, John C Markowitz, Kathryn L Bleiberg
BACKGROUND: Training mental health professionals to deliver evidence-based therapy (EBT) is now required by most academic accreditation bodies, and evaluating the effectiveness of such training is imperative. However, shortages of time, money, and trained EBT clinician teachers make these challenges daunting. New technologies may help. The authors have developed the first empirically evaluated comprehensive Internet therapist training program for interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether (1) the training protocol would increase clinicians' knowledge of IPT concepts and skills and (2) clinicians would deem the training feasible as measured by satisfaction and utility ratings...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715983/addressing-social-anxiety-concurrently-with-prison-based-sex-offender-treatment-a-case-of-individual-needs-in-an-era-of-manualized-treatment
#18
Michael P Lasher, Jon R Webb, Jill D Stinson, Peggy J Cantrell
Emotional regulation may be an underaddressed therapeutic target in sex offender treatment. This article presents a case report of "Adam," a Caucasian male referred to a prison-based sex offender treatment program. Adam's social anxiety was recognized as an antecendent to his sexual offending, and treatment of such, as a critical adjunct to sex offender treatment, is discussed herein. Adam's individualized treatment included aspects of rational emotive behavior therapy and time-limited dynamic psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714808/-it-was-hard-work-every-session-therapists-view-of-successful-psychoanalytic-treatments
#19
Andrzej Werbart, Peter Missios, Fredrik Waldenström, Peter Lilliengren
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of the therapeutic process in successful cases of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. METHOD: A two-stage, mixed-method design was used. Sixteen successful cases were drawn from a sample of 92 young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy according to Jacobson's criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement. Therapist interviews at baseline and termination were analyzed applying Inductive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged: Being Particularly Motivated to be This Patient's Therapist, Maintaining a Safe and Attentive Therapeutic Position, and Assiduous Work Every Session...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714778/how-clients-change-emotion-with-emotion-a-programme-of-research-on-emotional-processing
#20
Antonio Pascual-Leone
This paper reviews a body of research that has examined Pascual-Leone and Greenberg's sequential model of emotional processing or used its accompanying measure (the Classification of Affective Meaning States). Research from 24 studies using a plurality of methods examined process-outcome relationships from micro to macro levels of observation and builds support for emotional transformation as a possible causal mechanism of change in psychotherapy. A pooled sample of 310 clinical and 130 sub-clinical cases have been studied, reflecting the process of 7 different treatment approaches in addressing over 5 different presenting clinical problems (including depression, anxiety, relational trauma, and personality disorders)...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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