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Supportive psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226526/classification-of-facial-emotion-expression-in-the-application-of-psychotherapy-using-viola-jones-and-edge-histogram-of-oriented-gradient
#1
Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su, Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Henry Candra, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su
Psychotherapy requires appropriate recognition of patient's facial-emotion expression to provide proper treatment in psychotherapy session. To address the needs this paper proposed a facial emotion recognition system using Combination of Viola-Jones detector together with a feature descriptor we term Edge-Histogram of Oriented Gradients (E-HOG). The performance of the proposed method is compared with various feature sources including the face, the eyes, the mouth, as well as both the eyes and the mouth. Seven classes of basic emotions have been successfully identified with 96...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225375/impact-of-a-child-life-and-music-therapy-procedural-support-intervention-on-parental-perception-of-their-child-s-distress-during-intravenous-placement
#2
Gabriela S Ortiz, Todd OʼConnor, Jessa Carey, Adam Vella, Audrey Paul, Diane Rode, Alan Weinberg
OBJECTIVES: Child life specialists and music therapists have a unique and integral role in providing psychosocial care to pediatric patients and families. These professionals are trained to provide clinical interventions that support coping and adjustment and reduce the risk of psychological trauma related to hospital visits and health care encounters. The researchers devised a multimodal approach using a combined child life and music therapy intervention to address procedure-related distress in patients receiving intravenous (IV) placement in the pediatric emergency department...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224818/adjunctive-low-dose-docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-for-major-depression-an-open-label-pilot-trial
#3
Deidre J Smith, Jerome Sarris, Nathan Dowling, Manjula O'Connor, Chee H Ng
OVERVIEW: Whilst the majority of evidence supports the adjunctive use of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in improving mood, to date no study exists using low-dose docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) alone as an adjunctive treatment in patients with mild to moderate major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: A naturalistic 8-week open-label pilot trial of low-dose DHA, (260 mg or 520 mg/day) in 28 patients with MDD who were non-responsive to medication or psychotherapy, with a Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) score of greater than 17, was conducted...
February 22, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223731/risk-of-alcohol-use-relapse-after-liver-transplantation-for-alcoholic-liver-disease
#4
Yasuharu Onishi, Hiroyuki Kimura, Tomohide Hori, Shinichi Kishi, Hideya Kamei, Nobuhiko Kurata, Chisato Tsuboi, Naoko Yamaguchi, Mayu Takahashi, Saki Sunada, Mitsuaki Hirano, Hiroshige Fujishiro, Takashi Okada, Masatoshi Ishigami, Hidemi Goto, Norio Ozaki, Yasuhiro Ogura
AIM: To investigate factors, including psychosocial factors, associated with alcoholic use relapse after liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD). METHODS: The clinical records of 102 patients with ALD who were referred to Nagoya University Hospital for LT between May 2003 and March 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. History of alcohol intake was obtained from their clinical records and scored according to the High-Risk Alcoholism Relapse scale, which includes duration of heavy drinking, types and amount of alcohol usually consumed, and previous inpatient treatment history for alcoholism...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197664/-rehabilitation-in-undergraduate-education-and-advanced-professional-training-of-the-participating-professional-groups
#5
Wilfried Mau, Jürgen Bengel, Klaus Pfeifer
In the German health care system, multiprofessional and coordinated rehabilitation care provides support for successful disease management. Against a background of the conditions and strong dynamics of the provision, this article gives an overview of some of the pertinent developments in rehabilitation-related undergraduate education and advanced professional training of physicians, psychologists, and exercise therapy professions in Germany. Frequently, there are few provisions and great variation between different locations...
February 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194599/common-factors-in-community-mental-health-intervention-a-scoping-review
#6
Sean A Kidd, Larry Davidson, Kwame McKenzie
While there is considerable research and commentary devoted to common factors in psychotherapy, their implications for community mental health interventions are much less clear. In response, a scoping review was conducted to answer the question, 'What is the evidence base for common factors in community mental health intervention?' A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar was completed. A total of 60 publications were identified in this review with a focus primarily upon therapeutic alliance...
February 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185977/the-central-role-of-relationships-to-trauma-informed-integrated-care-for-children-and-youth
#7
Jonathan D Brown, Melissa A King, Lawrence S Wissow
OBJECTIVE: Primary care plays an essential role in the primary and secondary prevention of children's mental health problems. A growing series of trials have demonstrated the capacity of primary care providers to deliver care that specifically addresses risks to healthy social and emotional development by incorporating mental health services into their routines and integrating their work with the mental health care system. This paper describes elements common to various integration schemes that seem essential to their success...
February 6, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168608/barriers-facilitators-and-benefits-of-implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-routine-care-results-from-a-national-program-evaluation-survey-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#8
Sara J Landes, Allison L Rodriguez, Brandy N Smith, Monica M Matthieu, Lindsay R Trent, Janet Kemp, Caitlin Thompson
National implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provides important lessons on the barriers and facilitators to implementation in a large healthcare system. Little is known about barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a complex EBP for emotional and behavioral dysregulation-dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT). The purpose of this study was to understand VHA clinicians' experiences with barriers, facilitators, and benefits from implementing DBT into routine care...
February 6, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164290/supportive-psychotherapy-or-client-education-alongside-surgical-procedures-to-correct-complications-of-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Olukayode Abayomi, Moriam T Chibuzor, Babasola O Okusanya, Ekpereonne Esu, Edward Odey, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Supportive psychotherapy, in individual or group settings, may help improve surgical outcomes for women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To assess whether supportive psychotherapy given alongside surgical procedures to correct complications of FGM improves clinical outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched major databases including CENTRAL, Medline, African Index Medicus, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and others...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164288/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-depression-or-anxiety-disorders-in-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Adegoke Adelufosi, Bassey Edet, Dachi Arikpo, Ememobong Aquaisua, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is associated with psychological consequences such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD), depression, and anxiety disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an empirically supported form of psychotherapy, may be an effective treatment for these psychological sequelae of FGM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of CBT among individuals living with any type of FGM and diagnosed to have PTSD, depression, or anxiety disorders...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163777/hospitalization-cost-of-conventional-psychiatric-care-compared-to-broad-spectrum-micronutrient-treatment-literature-review-and-case-study-of-adult-psychosis
#11
Bonnie J Kaplan, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Jeffrey S Hoch
BACKGROUND: Healthcare costs are skyrocketing, with mental health treatment amongst the most expensive, especially when hospitalization is involved. According to the Mental Health Commission of Canada, one in five Canadians is living with a mental disorder in any given year, at an annual cost of $50 billion. In light of this societal burden, alternative approaches are being evaluated, such as brief psychotherapy by phone, peer support, and, as part of the emerging field of nutritional mental health, treatment with micronutrients (minerals and vitamins)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160720/increasing-valued-behaviors-precedes-reduction-in-suffering-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-using-act
#12
Andrew T Gloster, Jens Klotsche, Joseph Ciarrochi, Georg Eifert, Rainer Sonntag, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Jürgen Hoyer
BACKGROUND: Psychological flexibility theory (PFT) suggests three key processes of change: increases in value-directed behaviors, reduction in struggle with symptoms, and reduction in suffering. We hypothesized that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) would change these processes and that increases in valued action and decreases in struggle would precede change in suffering. METHOD: Data were derived from a randomized clinical trial testing ACT (vs. waitlist) for treatment-resistant patients with primary panic disorder with/without agoraphobia (n = 41)...
January 24, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160719/both-positive-mental-health-and-psychopathology-should-be-monitored-in-psychotherapy-confirmation-for-the-dual-factor-model-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#13
H R Trompetter, S M A Lamers, G J Westerhof, M Fledderus, E T Bohlmeijer
The dual-factor model of mental health suggests that enhancing positive mental health and alleviating psychopathology do not automatically go hand-in-hand. This study investigates the relationship between the effectiveness on depression/anxiety symptoms and positive mental health of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). It draws on RCT data (n = 250) of a self-help ACT. Patients' depression/anxiety symptoms and positive mental health were completed at baseline, at post-intervention after nine weeks, and at follow-up after five months...
January 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150952/prognosis-moderates-the-engagement-outcome-relationship-in-unguided-ccbt-for-depression-a-proof-of-concept-for-the-prognosis-moderation-hypothesis
#14
Nicholas R Forand, Marcus J H Huibers, Robert J DeRubeis
OBJECTIVE: Understanding how treatments work is a goal of psychotherapy research, however the strength of relationships between therapy processes and outcomes is inconsistent. DeRubeis, Cohen, et al. (2014) proposed that process-outcome relationships are moderated by patient characteristics. These "patient response patterns" (PRPs) indicate individuals' responsiveness to the active ingredients of treatment. Given the same quality of therapy, one individual may receive more benefit than another depending on their PRP...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146251/effect-of-disorder-specific-vs-nonspecific-psychotherapy-for-chronic-depression-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Elisabeth Schramm, Levente Kriston, Ingo Zobel, Josef Bailer, Katrin Wambach, Matthias Backenstrass, Jan Philipp Klein, Dieter Schoepf, Knut Schnell, Antje Gumz, Paul Bausch, Thomas Fangmeier, Ramona Meister, Mathias Berger, Martin Hautzinger, Martin Härter
Importance: Chronic depression is a highly prevalent and disabling disorder. There is a recognized need to assess the value of long-term disorder-specific psychotherapy. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) compared with that of nonspecific supportive psychotherapy (SP). Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective, multicenter, evaluator-blinded, randomized clinical trial was conducted among adult outpatients with early-onset chronic depression who were not taking antidepressant medication...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145735/patient-personality-and-relational-patterns-in-psychotherapy-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity-of-the-psychotherapy-relationship-questionnaire
#16
Annalisa Tanzilli, Antonello Colli, Ivan Gualco, Vittorio Lingiardi
The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure and the psychometric properties of the Psychotherapy Relationship Questionnaire (PRQ; Bradley, Heim, & Westen, 2005 ), a clinician report instrument that measures a wide spectrum of thoughts, feelings, motives, conflicts, and behaviors expressed by patients toward their therapists in psychotherapy. A national sample of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists (N   = 314) of different theoretical orientations completed the PRQ, as well as the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 (SWAP-200; Westen & Shedler, 1999a , 1999b ) to assess the personality of a patient in their care...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137247/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-dietary-improvement-for-adults-with-major-depression-the-smiles-trial
#17
Felice N Jacka, Adrienne O'Neil, Rachelle Opie, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Sue Cotton, Mohammedreza Mohebbi, David Castle, Sarah Dash, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Mary Lou Chatterton, Laima Brazionis, Olivia M Dean, Allison M Hodge, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: The possible therapeutic impact of dietary changes on existing mental illness is largely unknown. Using a randomised controlled trial design, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of a dietary improvement program for the treatment of major depressive episodes. METHODS: 'SMILES' was a 12-week, parallel-group, single blind, randomised controlled trial of an adjunctive dietary intervention in the treatment of moderate to severe depression. The intervention consisted of seven individual nutritional consulting sessions delivered by a clinical dietician...
January 30, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135806/the-value-of-a-registrar-psychotherapy-post-to-psychiatry-training
#18
Gabriel Feiler, Denis O'Loughlin, Eugen Koh, Josephine Beatson, Ed Harari
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the psychotherapy registrar position developed at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne in response to the Australian Government's Specialist Training Position initiative of 2009. This impressionistic piece outlines features of the registrar's clinical work, supervision and professional development. This paper will focus on: 1) the history of the position; 2) its developmental function embedded within the clinical responsibilities of the role; 3) how this position is different from the existing Royal and Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatry psychotherapy training requirements; and 4) infrastructure issues of the position...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125252/change-in-self-reported-personality-during-major-depressive-disorder-treatment-a-reanalysis-of-treatment-studies-from-a-demoralization-perspective
#19
Arjen Noordhof, Jan H Kamphuis, Martin Sellbom, Annemarie Eigenhuis, R Michael Bagby
Change in self-reported personality trait scores (especially Neuroticism and Extraversion) over the course of treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) has been robustly demonstrated. We believe that these observed changes on personality trait scales may reflect reduction in demoralization rather than changes in personality per se. Data were combined from 3 archival samples: a randomized clinical trial and 2 naturalistic follow-up studies. All participants (N = 300) received either psychotherapy or psychopharmacological treatment...
January 26, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125175/psychological-and-behavioral-treatments-for-binge-eating-disorder
#20
Carlos M Grilo
Several psychological and behavioral treatment options exist for patients who have been diagnosed with binge-eating disorder (BED). Cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy are the most strongly supported interventions for BED, but they do not produce weight loss; behavioral weight loss therapy, a more widely available "generalist" intervention, achieves good outcomes for BED plus produces modest weight loss over the short-term. Relatively little is known about reliable predictors or moderators of treatment outcomes, but research has generally supported 2 significant predictors: (1) the presence of overvaluation of body shape and weight and (2) the occurrence of rapid response to treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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