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Needlestick Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763447/hepatitis-b-and-c-seroprevalence-knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-among-medicine-and-health-science-students-in-northeast-ethiopia
#1
Wondmagegn Demsiss, Abdurahaman Seid, Temesgen Fiseha
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals, especially medical students, are at greater risk of contracting hepatitis B and C virus infections due to their occupational exposure to percutaneous injuries and other body fluids. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections among medicine and health science students in Northeast Ethiopia and to assess their knowledge and practice towards the occupational risk of viral hepatitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 408 medicine and health science students during the period from March to September 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685321/nurse-staffing-and-nurse-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Sujin Shin, Jin-Hwa Park, Sung-Heui Bae
BACKGROUND: A great number of studies have been conducted to examine the relationship between nurse staffing and patient outcomes. However, none of the reviews have rigorously assessed the evidence about the effect of nurse staffing on nurse outcomes through meta-analysis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to systematically assess empirical studies on the relationship between nurse staffing and nurse outcomes through meta-analysis. METHODS: Published peer-reviewed articles published between January 2000 and November 2016 were identified in CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, EBSCO, RISS, and DBpia databases...
February 26, 2018: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667643/risk-factors-associated-with-needlestick-injuries-among-health-care-workers-in-menoufia-governorate-egypt
#3
Hala Marawan Gabr, Aziza Saad El-Badry, Faten Ezzelarab Younis
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are at high risk of job-related blood-borne diseases due to needlestick injuries (NSIs). OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors associated with NSIs among health care workers in Menoufia governorate, Egypt. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2260 health care workers of 4 randomly chosen hospitals in Menoufia governorate. Using a predesigned data collection sheet, all staff members were asked about the occurrence of NSIs in the previous 3 months...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624470/noninvasive-vaccination-against-infectious-diseases
#4
Zhichao Zheng, Diana Diaz-Arévalo, Hongbing Guan, Mingtao Zeng
The development of a successful vaccine, which should elicit a combination of humoral and cellular responses to control or prevent infections, is the first step in protecting against infectious diseases. A vaccine may protect against bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral infections in animal models, but to be effective in humans there are some issues that should be considered, such as the adjuvant, the route of vaccination, and the antigen-carrier system. While almost all licensed vaccines are injected such that inoculation is by far the most commonly used method, injection has several potential disadvantages, including pain, cross contamination, needlestick injury, under- or overdosing, and increased cost...
April 6, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623091/the-prevalence-and-underreporting-of-needlestick-injuries-among-dental-healthcare-workers-in-pakistan-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Mehak Pervaiz, Ruth Gilbert, Nasreen Ali
Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are a major occupational health problem among dental healthcare workers (HCWs) in Pakistan, which places them at a significant risk of acquiring blood-borne infections. However, not all NSIs are reported, leading to an underestimation of the actual prevalence. The harmful impacts of NSIs on the healthcare delivery necessitate an urgent need to measure its actual prevalence. Objectives . The aim of this study was to review literature to estimate the prevalence and reporting rates of NSIs among dental-HCWs in Pakistan...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570523/review-of-prevalence-of-needlestick-injuries-attitude-changes-and-prevention-practices-over-12-years-in-an-urban-academic-hospital-surgery-department-by-hasak-jm-novak-cb-patterson-jmm-mackinnon-se-in-ann-surg-267-291-296-2018
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526530/accidental-injection-of-freund-complete-adjuvant-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#7
Michael P Gaspar, Genevieve Landes, Farinaz Safavi, A Lee Osterman
Accidental needlestick injuries are common in laboratory and health care workers. Injection of atypical pathogens, such as those encountered in the animal laboratory setting, may pose considerable problems at the site of inoculation. We present the case of an otherwise healthy laboratory worker who accidentally self-injected Freund complete adjuvant with heat-killed Mycobacterium tuberculosis into her hand, requiring multiple debridement operations over a prolonged treatment course.
March 8, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471847/the-impact-of-metallothionein-ii-on-microglial-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf%C3%AE-and-downstream-effects-on-neuronal-regeneration
#8
Jacqueline Y K Leung, William R Bennett, Anna E King, Roger S Chung
BACKGROUND: The extracellular environment plays an important role in supporting the regeneration of axons after injury. Metallothionein-II (MTII) is a metal-binding protein known for its neuroprotective effect by directly stimulating the growth of axons after injury. Previous studies have shown that MTII also modulates the response of astrocytes and microglia after injury. However, a detailed analysis describing how MTII modulates the interaction between microglia and neurons is lacking...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439382/the-impact-of-occupational-splash-sharps-and-needlestick-injuries-ssnis-on-the-quality-of-life-of-healthcare-workers-in-a-kenyan-university-hospital
#9
George Ongete, Francis John Raymond Duffy
BACKGROUND: Infection as a consequence of splash sharps and needlestick injuries (SSNIs) is a hazard faced by healthcare workers. Little is known about the impact this has on quality of life particularly in countries where the risk of infection is high. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the impact SSNIs have on the quality of life of healthcare workers in Kenya, where blood borne illness prevalence is high. METHODS: A hospital-wide survey of a facility in Nairobi was conducted...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359645/chronic-hepatitis-c-screening-evaluation-and-treatment-update-in-the-age-of-direct-acting-antivirals
#10
Miranda Surjadi
Globally, hepatitis C virus (HCV), the cause of one of the most common infectious diseases, infects approximately 4 million to 5 million Americans with approximately half of infected individuals undiagnosed. Some workplaces screen employees for HCV exposure and other bloodborne pathogens (BBP) after needlestick injuries, but it is not well known whether employers screen employees for HCV without an occupational exposure. New guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all individuals born between 1945 and 1965 should be screened for HCV regardless of risk; this provides an opportunity at the worksite for HCV outreach to employees, dependents, and retirees...
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214171/evaluating-swine-injection-technologies-as-a-workplace-musculoskeletal-injury-intervention-a-study-protocol
#11
Catherine Trask, Brenna Bath, Stephan Milosavljevic, Aaron M Kociolek, Bernardo Predicala, Erika Penz, Olugbenga Adebayo, Lee Whittington
Intensification of modern swine production has led to many new technologies, including needleless injectors. Although needleless injectors may increase productivity (by reducing injection time) and reduce needlestick injuries, the effect on risk for musculoskeletal disorders is not clear. This project will compare conventional needles with needleless injectors in terms of cost, productivity, injury rates, biomechanical exposures, and worker preference. Muscle activity (EMG) and hand/wrist posture will be measured on swine workers performing injection tasks with both injection methods...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190036/devices-for-preventing-percutaneous-exposure-injuries-caused-by-needles-in-healthcare-personnel
#12
REVIEW
Viraj K Reddy, Marie-Claude Lavoie, Jos H Verbeek, Manisha Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous exposure injuries from devices used for blood collection or for injections expose healthcare workers to the risk of blood borne infections such as hepatitis B and C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Safety features such as shields or retractable needles can possibly contribute to the prevention of these injuries and it is important to evaluate their effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To determine the benefits and harms of safety medical devices aiming to prevent percutaneous exposure injuries caused by needles in healthcare personnel versus no intervention or alternative interventions...
November 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165125/nurses-willingness-to-care-for-patients-infected-with-hiv-or-hepatitis-b-c-in-vietnam
#13
Tomohiro Ishimaru, Koji Wada, Huong Thi Xuan Hoang, Anh Thi My Bui, Hung Dinh Nguyen, Hung Le, Derek R Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the factors associated with nurses' willingness to care for patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or C virus (HBV/HCV) in Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-section of 400 Vietnamese nurses from two hospitals were selected using stratified random sampling, to whom a self-administered questionnaire was administered which included demographic items, previous experience with patients infected with HIV or HBV/HCV, and their attitudes toward these patients...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153919/patient-and-health-care-provider-responses-from-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-vapocoolant-spray-versus-placebo-spray-in-adults-undergoing-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Tracy Barbour, Sharon O'Keefe, Sharon E Mace
Painful medical procedures are common. Topical anesthetics are easily applied, rapid onset, inexpensive, and avoid injection pain and needlestick injury. The aims of this study, using patient and health care provider questionnaires, were to answer the following questions: (1) Does vapocoolant spray decrease venipuncture pain? (2) Would patients be satisfied with and use a vapocoolant spray in the future? (3) Would providers be satisfied with and use a vapocoolant spray in the future? Adults (18-80 years) in a hospital emergency department (ED) were randomly assigned to sterile water placebo spray (S) (N = 50) or vapocoolant spray (V) (N = 50) before venipuncture...
November 16, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129032/needlestick-injuries-among-emergency-medical-services-providers-in-urban-and-rural-areas
#15
Riyadh A Alhazmi, R David Parker, Sijin Wen
Through this study, we assessed the knowledge of EMS providers regarding needle stick injuries (NSIs) and examined differences by demographics. This cross-sectional study used a random sample of certified EMS providers in West Virginia. The survey consists of three sections: socio-demographic characteristics, whether or not got NSIs in the past 12 months, whether or not received needle stick training before. A total of 248 out of 522 (47.31%) EMS providers completed the survey. The majority of EMS providers (81...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073827/needlestick-and-sharps-injuries-among-nursing-students-in-nanjing-china
#16
Xujun Zhang, Yu Chen, Yang Li, Jie Hu, Cong Zhang, Zhen Li, Lorann Stallones, Henry Xiang
Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) are a major cause of occupational injuries for health care workers worldwide. In this study, the authors report the prevalence of and risk factors for NSIs among Chinese nursing students. A cross-sectional survey was distributed to 442 nursing students; 393 completed questionnaires were submitted. A total of 237 (60.3%) nursing students reported NSIs, which were more commonly reported by female students, younger students, students who worked frequent night shifts, students without safety training, and students who did not use personal protective equipment...
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033615/clinical-economic-and-humanistic-burden-of-needlestick-injuries-in-healthcare-workers
#17
REVIEW
Catherine E Cooke, Jennifer M Stephens
INTRODUCTION: Needlestick injuries (NSIs) from a contaminated needle put healthcare workers (HCWs) at risk of becoming infected with a blood-borne virus and suffering serious short- and long-term medical consequences. Hypodermic injections using disposable syringes and needles are the most frequent cause of NSIs. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic literature review on NSI and active safety-engineered devices for hypodermic injection. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and COCHRANE databases were searched for studies that evaluated the clinical, economic, or humanistic outcomes of NSI or active safety-engineered devices...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028564/assessing-police-officers-attitudes-and-legal-knowledge-on-behaviors-that-impact-hiv-transmission-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#18
Javier A Cepeda, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo, Maria L Mittal, Teresita Rocha, Mario Morales, Erika Clairgue, Eliane Bustamante, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Thomas Kerr, Carlos L Magis-Rodriguez, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Policing practices such as syringe confiscation and arrest can act as important social-structural drivers of HIV risk among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, police referral to treatment and other services may improve the health of PWID. Little is known about the role of modifiable attitudinal and knowledge factors in shaping officer behavior. Using baseline findings from a police education program (PEP), we assessed relationships between drug policy knowledge and attitudes towards public health interventions with self-reported syringe confiscation, drug arrest, and service referral among street-level police in Tijuana, Mexico...
December 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970598/prediction-of-preventive-behaviors-of-the-needlestick-injuries-during-surgery-among-operating-room-personnel-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#19
Yadollah Fathi, Majid Barati, Mitra Zandiyeh, Saeed Bashirian
BACKGROUND: Operating room personnel are at high risk of needlestick injuries (NSIs) and exposure to blood and body fluids. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictors of NSIs preventive behaviors during surgery among operating room personnel based on a health belief model (HBM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 128 operating room personnel in Hamadan, western Iran. Participants were selected, by census sampling, from teaching hospitals, completed a self-reported questionnaire including demographic characteristics, knowledge and HBM constructs...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927161/needlestick-and-sharp-injuries-among-registered-nurses-a-case-control-study
#20
Gabriele d'Ettorre
Objectives: The prevention of needlestick and sharp injuries (NSSIs) among registered nurses (RNs) employed in hospital wards represents an important issue. Accidental contact with blood, consequent to NSSIs, is the most frequent form of exposure to blood-borne pathogens that can be transmitted by accidental exposure. Aims: This study investigates the relationship occurring between consecutive workdays, night-shifts, cumulative hours, forward-rotating shift schedules (morning-afternoon-night), and occupational NSSIs frequency...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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