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Needlestick Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165125/nurses-willingness-to-care-for-patients-infected-with-hiv-or-hepatitis-b-c-in-vietnam
#1
Tomohiro Ishimaru, Koji Wada, Huong Thi Xuan Hoang, Anh Thi My Bui, Hung Dinh Nguyen, Hung Le, Derek R Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the factors associated with nurses' willingness to care for patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or C virus (HBV/HCV) in Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-section of 400 Vietnamese nurses from two hospitals were selected using stratified random sampling, to whom a self-administered questionnaire was administered which included demographic items, previous experience with patients infected with HIV or HBV/HCV, and their attitudes toward these patients...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153919/patient-and-health-care-provider-responses-from-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-vapocoolant-spray-versus-placebo-spray-in-adults-undergoing-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Tracy Barbour, Sharon O'Keefe, Sharon E Mace
Painful medical procedures are common. Topical anesthetics are easily applied, rapid onset, inexpensive, and avoid injection pain and needlestick injury. The aims of this study, using patient and health care provider questionnaires, were to answer the following questions: (1) Does vapocoolant spray decrease venipuncture pain? (2) Would patients be satisfied with and use a vapocoolant spray in the future? (3) Would providers be satisfied with and use a vapocoolant spray in the future? Adults (18-80 years) in a hospital emergency department (ED) were randomly assigned to sterile water placebo spray (S) (N = 50) or vapocoolant spray (V) (N = 50) before venipuncture...
November 16, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129032/needlestick-injuries-among-emergency-medical-services-providers-in-urban-and-rural-areas
#3
Riyadh A Alhazmi, R David Parker, Sijin Wen
Through this study, we assessed the knowledge of EMS providers regarding needle stick injuries (NSIs) and examined differences by demographics. This cross-sectional study used a random sample of certified EMS providers in West Virginia. The survey consists of three sections: socio-demographic characteristics, whether or not got NSIs in the past 12 months, whether or not received needle stick training before. A total of 248 out of 522 (47.31%) EMS providers completed the survey. The majority of EMS providers (81...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073827/needlestick-and-sharps-injuries-among-nursing-students-in-nanjing-china
#4
Xujun Zhang, Yu Chen, Yang Li, Jie Hu, Cong Zhang, Zhen Li, Lorann Stallones, Henry Xiang
Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) are a major cause of occupational injuries for health care workers worldwide. In this study, the authors report the prevalence of and risk factors for NSIs among Chinese nursing students. A cross-sectional survey was distributed to 442 nursing students; 393 completed questionnaires were submitted. A total of 237 (60.3%) nursing students reported NSIs, which were more commonly reported by female students, younger students, students who worked frequent night shifts, students without safety training, and students who did not use personal protective equipment...
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033615/clinical-economic-and-humanistic-burden-of-needlestick-injuries-in-healthcare-workers
#5
REVIEW
Catherine E Cooke, Jennifer M Stephens
INTRODUCTION: Needlestick injuries (NSIs) from a contaminated needle put healthcare workers (HCWs) at risk of becoming infected with a blood-borne virus and suffering serious short- and long-term medical consequences. Hypodermic injections using disposable syringes and needles are the most frequent cause of NSIs. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic literature review on NSI and active safety-engineered devices for hypodermic injection. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and COCHRANE databases were searched for studies that evaluated the clinical, economic, or humanistic outcomes of NSI or active safety-engineered devices...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028564/assessing-police-officers-attitudes-and-legal-knowledge-on-behaviors-that-impact-hiv-transmission-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#6
Javier A Cepeda, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo, Maria L Mittal, Teresita Rocha, Mario Morales, Erika Clairgue, Eliane Bustamante, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Thomas Kerr, Carlos L Magis-Rodriguez, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Policing practices such as syringe confiscation and arrest can act as important social-structural drivers of HIV risk among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, police referral to treatment and other services may improve the health of PWID. Little is known about the role of modifiable attitudinal and knowledge factors in shaping officer behavior. Using baseline findings from a police education program (PEP), we assessed relationships between drug policy knowledge and attitudes towards public health interventions with self-reported syringe confiscation, drug arrest, and service referral among street-level police in Tijuana, Mexico...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970598/prediction-of-preventive-behaviors-of-the-needlestick-injuries-during-surgery-among-operating-room-personnel-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#7
Yadollah Fathi, Majid Barati, Mitra Zandiyeh, Saeed Bashirian
BACKGROUND: Operating room personnel are at high risk of needlestick injuries (NSIs) and exposure to blood and body fluids. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictors of NSIs preventive behaviors during surgery among operating room personnel based on a health belief model (HBM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 128 operating room personnel in Hamadan, western Iran. Participants were selected, by census sampling, from teaching hospitals, completed a self-reported questionnaire including demographic characteristics, knowledge and HBM constructs...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927161/needlestick-and-sharp-injuries-among-registered-nurses-a-case-control-study
#8
Gabriele d'Ettorre
Objectives: The prevention of needlestick and sharp injuries (NSSIs) among registered nurses (RNs) employed in hospital wards represents an important issue. Accidental contact with blood, consequent to NSSIs, is the most frequent form of exposure to blood-borne pathogens that can be transmitted by accidental exposure. Aims: This study investigates the relationship occurring between consecutive workdays, night-shifts, cumulative hours, forward-rotating shift schedules (morning-afternoon-night), and occupational NSSIs frequency...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865865/managing-sharps-injuries-and-other-occupational-exposures-to-hiv-hbv-and-hcv-in-the-dermatology-office
#9
REVIEW
Jerry D Brewer, Dirk M Elston, Allison T Vidimos, Stacey A Rizza, Stanley J Miller
Dermatologists and their staff are at risk for needlestick injuries and exposures to body fluids. Despite the availability of treatment to reduce the risk of blood-borne infection, many exposures go unreported. This paper identifies current recommendations and the specific details for response to occupational exposures to HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus in the dermatology office. Issues surrounding each virus are discussed individually, and a summary step-by-step algorithm of how to proceed in the event of an occupational exposure is presented...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753705/-workers-compensation-claims-for-needlestick-injuries-among-healthcare-personnel-in-hospitals-doctors-surgeries-and-nursing-institutions
#10
Madeleine Dulon, Birgit Lisiak, Dana Wendeler, Albert Nienhaus
Objective The "Technical rules for biological agents in healthcare and welfare facilities" (TRBA 250) came into force in March 2014 in Germany and deals with protective measures to prevent needlestick injuries (NSI). The present study covers the period of 6 months after TRBA 250 came into force. The study had 2 objectives: to investigate whether hospitals, doctors' surgeries and care facilities differ with respect to the causes of needlestick injuries (NSI) and to collect data on availability and implementation of safety-engineered devices (SED) in these healthcare settings workplaces...
July 28, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631962/needlestick-injuries-in-interventional-radiology-are-common-and-underreported
#11
Amy R Deipolyi, Anand M Prabhakar, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Purpose To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for needlesticks in interventional radiology physicians, as well as the attitudes, behaviors, and conditions that promote or interfere with reporting of these injuries. Materials and Methods A total of 3889 interventional radiologists from academic and private practice in the United States were surveyed by emailing all interventional radiologist members of the Society of Interventional Radiology, including attending-level physicians and trainees (April-August 2016)...
December 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566861/needlestick-and-sharp-instruments-injuries-among-brazilian-dentistry-students
#12
Liege Helena Freitas Fernandes, Wanúbia Barbosa Nunes, Larissa Costa Silva, Rayssa Lucena Wanderley, Criseuda Maria Benício Barros, Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of occupational accidents is common among students and dentists. The present study is aimed to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of needlestick and sharp instrument injuries among dentistry students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A documentary research was carried out with data being obtained from the analysis of 137 medical records of injuries caused by needlestick and sharp instruments occurring in the period from 2012 to 2016 and were analyzed regarding the characteristics of the victim (gender and age) and the accident (year, time, environment, and time interval between exposure and search for care)...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556925/period-prevalence-and-reporting-rate-of-needlestick-injuries-to-nurses-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Hamed Zandian, Afshin Fathi, Bijan Nouri
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to provide a precise estimate of the period prevalence of needlestick injuries (NSI) among nurses working in hospitals in Iran and the reporting rate of NSI to nurse managers. We searched both international (PubMed, Scopus and the Institute for Scientific Information) and Iranian (Scientific Information Database, Iranmedex and Magiran) scientific databases to find studies published from 2000 to 2016 of NSI among Iranian nurses. The following keywords in Persian and English were used: "needle-stick" or "needle stick" or "needlestick," with and without "injury" or "injuries," "prevalence" or "frequency," "nurses" or "nursing staff," and "Iran...
August 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511410/preventive-training-among-medical-interns-in-mexico-city-and-its-association-with-needlestick-and-sharp-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Victor Hugo Garcia, Katja Radon
INTRODUCTION: Medical students are a vulnerable group for the acquisition of blood borne pathogens due to their lack of experience. In Europe and Asia preventive training programs have reduced accidental exposures. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the lifetime prevalence of Needlestick and Sharp Objects Injuries (NSIs) among medical interns who received preventive training versus those without such training in Mexico City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2013, a cross-sectional study was performed applying an anonymous self-administrated questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466729/use-of-closed-cannulae-in-peripheral-intravenous-cannulation
#15
Sally Jane Shaw
Undertaking peripheral intravenous (IV) cannulations and the management of cannulae are associated with the risk of blood leakage or spillage and blood exposure. Open cannulae are the most common type of peripheral IV cannulae used in the UK. However, closed cannulae, also known as blood-control cannulae, have the potential to reduce the risk of needlestick injury, blood leakage and blood exposure during cannulation, as well as to increase dwell time and patient comfort. Closed cannulae may also reduce the time taken to perform cannulation...
May 3, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453316/peripheral-intravenous-cannulation-protecting-patients-and-nurses
#16
Andrew Barton, Roy Ventura, Boris Vavrik
Peripheral intravenous cannulation is a common clinical procedure in today's healthcare setting. There are a range of different devices to choose from, and this article will consider the risk of catheter-related bloodstream infections and needlestick injuries, national and international guidelines on infection prevention and safety in intravenous access, the need for closed catheters, features of the Introcan Safety® 3 (B. Braun Melsungen AG) and research into peripheral cannulas.
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449921/seroconversion-rate-among-health-care-workers-exposed-to-hiv-contaminated-body-fluids-the-university-of-pittsburgh-13-year-experience
#17
Chibueze A Nwaiwu, Francesco M Egro, Saundra Smith, Jay D Harper, Alexander M Spiess
BACKGROUND: The studies enumerating the risk of HIV transmission to health care workers (HCWs) as 0.3% after percutaneous exposure to HIV-positive blood, and 0.09% after a mucous membrane exposure, are weakened by dated literature. Our study aims to demonstrate the seroconversion rate after exposure to HIV-contaminated body fluids in a major academic center in the United States. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of reported occupational injuries occurring between 2002 and 2015 at an academic medical center was analyzed...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379370/reduction-in-blood-culture-contamination-through-use-of-initial-specimen-diversion-device
#18
Mark E Rupp, R Jennifer Cavalieri, Cole Marolf, Elizabeth Lyden
Background: Blood culture contamination is a clinically significant problem that results in patient harm and excess cost. Methods: In a prospective, controlled trial at an academic center Emergency Department, a device that diverts and sequesters the initial 1.5-2 mL portion of blood (which presumably carries contaminating skin cells and microbes) was tested against standard phlebotomy procedures in patients requiring blood cultures due to clinical suspicion of serious infection...
July 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314636/comparing-non-safety-with-safety-device-sharps-injury-incidence-data-from-two-different-occupational-surveillance-systems
#19
A H Mitchell, G B Parker, H Kanamori, W A Rutala, D J Weber
The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard as amended by the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act requiring the use of safety-engineered medical devices to prevent needlesticks and sharps injuries has been in place since 2001. Injury changes over time include differences between those from non-safety compared with safety-engineered medical devices. This research compares two US occupational incident surveillance systems to determine whether these data can be generalized to other facilities and other countries either with legislation in place or considering developing national policies for the prevention of sharps injuries among healthcare personnel...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274607/understanding-the-magnitude-of-occupational-exposure-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-uptake-of-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-among-healthcare-workers-in-a-rural-district-in-tanzania
#20
P Mabwe, A T Kessy, I Semali
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to blood or other body fluids in healthcare settings puts healthcare workers (HCWs) at risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It is estimated that between 200 and 5000 HIV infections are transmitted annually to HCWs worldwide. Use of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been documented to reduce the rate of HIV infection from workplace exposures by 81%. AIM: To investigate the extent of occupational exposure to HIV infection during the period of 12 months before the survey and to identify factors associated with uptake of PEP services among HCWs...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
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