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Needlestick Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865865/managing-sharps-injuries-and-other-occupational-exposures-to-hiv-hbv-and-hcv-in-the-dermatology-office
#1
REVIEW
Jerry D Brewer, Dirk M Elston, Allison T Vidimos, Stacey A Rizza, Stanley J Miller
Dermatologists and their staff are at risk for needlestick injuries and exposures to body fluids. Despite the availability of treatment to reduce the risk of blood-borne infection, many exposures go unreported. This paper identifies current recommendations and the specific details for response to occupational exposures to HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus in the dermatology office. Issues surrounding each virus are discussed individually, and a summary step-by-step algorithm of how to proceed in the event of an occupational exposure is presented...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753705/-workers-compensation-claims-for-needlestick-injuries-among-healthcare-personnel-in-hospitals-doctors-surgeries-and-nursing-institutions
#2
Madeleine Dulon, Birgit Lisiak, Dana Wendeler, Albert Nienhaus
Objective The "Technical rules for biological agents in healthcare and welfare facilities" (TRBA 250) came into force in March 2014 in Germany and deals with protective measures to prevent needlestick injuries (NSI). The present study covers the period of 6 months after TRBA 250 came into force. The study had 2 objectives: to investigate whether hospitals, doctors' surgeries and care facilities differ with respect to the causes of needlestick injuries (NSI) and to collect data on availability and implementation of safety-engineered devices (SED) in these healthcare settings workplaces...
July 28, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631962/needlestick-injuries-in-interventional-radiology-are-common-and-underreported
#3
Amy R Deipolyi, Anand M Prabhakar, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Purpose To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for needlesticks in interventional radiology physicians, as well as the attitudes, behaviors, and conditions that promote or interfere with reporting of these injuries. Materials and Methods A total of 3889 interventional radiologists from academic and private practice in the United States were surveyed by emailing all interventional radiologist members of the Society of Interventional Radiology, including attending-level physicians and trainees (April-August 2016)...
June 19, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566861/needlestick-and-sharp-instruments-injuries-among-brazilian-dentistry-students
#4
Liege Helena Freitas Fernandes, Wanúbia Barbosa Nunes, Larissa Costa Silva, Rayssa Lucena Wanderley, Criseuda Maria Benício Barros, Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of occupational accidents is common among students and dentists. The present study is aimed to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of needlestick and sharp instrument injuries among dentistry students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A documentary research was carried out with data being obtained from the analysis of 137 medical records of injuries caused by needlestick and sharp instruments occurring in the period from 2012 to 2016 and were analyzed regarding the characteristics of the victim (gender and age) and the accident (year, time, environment, and time interval between exposure and search for care)...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556925/period-prevalence-and-reporting-rate-of-needlestick-injuries-to-nurses-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Hamed Zandian, Afshin Fathi, Bijan Nouri
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to provide a precise estimate of the period prevalence of needlestick injuries (NSI) among nurses working in hospitals in Iran and the reporting rate of NSI to nurse managers. We searched both international (PubMed, Scopus and the Institute for Scientific Information) and Iranian (Scientific Information Database, Iranmedex and Magiran) scientific databases to find studies published from 2000 to 2016 of NSI among Iranian nurses. The following keywords in Persian and English were used: "needle-stick" or "needle stick" or "needlestick," with and without "injury" or "injuries," "prevalence" or "frequency," "nurses" or "nursing staff," and "Iran...
August 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511410/preventive-training-among-medical-interns-in-mexico-city-and-its-association-with-needlestick-and-sharp-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Victor Hugo Garcia, Katja Radon
INTRODUCTION: Medical students are a vulnerable group for the acquisition of blood borne pathogens due to their lack of experience. In Europe and Asia preventive training programs have reduced accidental exposures. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the lifetime prevalence of Needlestick and Sharp Objects Injuries (NSIs) among medical interns who received preventive training versus those without such training in Mexico City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2013, a cross-sectional study was performed applying an anonymous self-administrated questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466729/use-of-closed-cannulae-in-peripheral-intravenous-cannulation
#7
Sally Jane Shaw
Undertaking peripheral intravenous (IV) cannulations and the management of cannulae are associated with the risk of blood leakage or spillage and blood exposure. Open cannulae are the most common type of peripheral IV cannulae used in the UK. However, closed cannulae, also known as blood-control cannulae, have the potential to reduce the risk of needlestick injury, blood leakage and blood exposure during cannulation, as well as to increase dwell time and patient comfort. Closed cannulae may also reduce the time taken to perform cannulation...
May 3, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453316/peripheral-intravenous-cannulation-protecting-patients-and-nurses
#8
Andrew Barton, Roy Ventura, Boris Vavrik
Peripheral intravenous cannulation is a common clinical procedure in today's healthcare setting. There are a range of different devices to choose from, and this article will consider the risk of catheter-related bloodstream infections and needlestick injuries, national and international guidelines on infection prevention and safety in intravenous access, the need for closed catheters, features of the Introcan Safety® 3 (B. Braun Melsungen AG) and research into peripheral cannulas.
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449921/seroconversion-rate-among-health-care-workers-exposed-to-hiv-contaminated-body-fluids-the-university-of-pittsburgh-13-year-experience
#9
Chibueze A Nwaiwu, Francesco M Egro, Saundra Smith, Jay D Harper, Alexander M Spiess
BACKGROUND: The studies enumerating the risk of HIV transmission to health care workers (HCWs) as 0.3% after percutaneous exposure to HIV-positive blood, and 0.09% after a mucous membrane exposure, are weakened by dated literature. Our study aims to demonstrate the seroconversion rate after exposure to HIV-contaminated body fluids in a major academic center in the United States. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of reported occupational injuries occurring between 2002 and 2015 at an academic medical center was analyzed...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379370/reduction-in-blood-culture-contamination-through-use-of-initial-specimen-diversion-device
#10
Mark E Rupp, R Jennifer Cavalieri, Cole Marolf, Elizabeth Lyden
Background: Blood culture contamination is a clinically significant problem that results in patient harm and excess cost. Methods: In a prospective, controlled trial at an academic center Emergency Department, a device that diverts and sequesters the initial 1.5-2mL portion of blood (which presumably carries contaminating skin cells and microbes) was tested against standard phlebotomy procedures in patients requiring blood cultures due to clinical suspicion of serious infection...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314636/comparing-non-safety-with-safety-device-sharps-injury-incidence-data-from-two-different-occupational-surveillance-systems
#11
A H Mitchell, G B Parker, H Kanamori, W A Rutala, D J Weber
The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard as amended by the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act requiring the use of safety-engineered medical devices to prevent needlesticks and sharps injuries has been in place since 2001. Injury changes over time include differences between those from non-safety compared with safety-engineered medical devices. This research compares two US occupational incident surveillance systems to determine whether these data can be generalized to other facilities and other countries either with legislation in place or considering developing national policies for the prevention of sharps injuries among healthcare personnel...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274607/understanding-the-magnitude-of-occupational-exposure-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-uptake-of-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-among-healthcare-workers-in-a-rural-district-in-tanzania
#12
P Mabwe, A T Kessy, I Semali
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to blood or other body fluids in healthcare settings puts healthcare workers (HCWs) at risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It is estimated that between 200 and 5000 HIV infections are transmitted annually to HCWs worldwide. Use of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been documented to reduce the rate of HIV infection from workplace exposures by 81%. AIM: To investigate the extent of occupational exposure to HIV infection during the period of 12 months before the survey and to identify factors associated with uptake of PEP services among HCWs...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221166/prevalence-of-needlestick-injuries-attitude-changes-and-prevention-practices-over-12-years-in-an-urban-academic-hospital-surgery-department
#13
Jessica M Hasak, Christine B Novak, Jennifer Megan M Patterson, Susan E Mackinnon
OBJECTIVE: Needlestick injury prevalence, protection practices, and attitudes were assessed. Current medical students were compared with 2003 data to assess any changes that occurred with engineered safety feature implementation. BACKGROUND: Risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is elevated in the operating room particularly with surgeons in training and nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to medical students (n = 358) and Department of Surgery staff (n = 247)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132546/needle-free-devices-keeping-the-system-closed
#14
Linda J Kelly, Tracey Jones, Stephanie Kirkham
Health professionals are under increasing pressure to reduce costs while ensuring patient safety. As the number of vascular access devices (VADs) used in health care continues to increase, there is a need to reduce the complications of infection and occlusion associated with them. Needle-free devices (NFDs), also known as needleless connectors, have been available since the early 1990s and the type and variety of these devices has continued to develop. As well as the original aim of NFDs to maintain a closed system and to reduce the risk of needlestick injuries and blood spillage, NFDs are now designed with the aim of improving clinical outcomes by reducing the common complications of infection and catheter occlusion...
January 26, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059635/naloxone-administration-for-suspected-opioid-overdose-an-expanded-scope-of-practice-by-a-basic-life-support-collegiate-based-emergency-medical-services-agency
#15
Ryan M Jeffery, Laura Dickinson, Nicholas D Ng, Lindsey M DeGeorge, Jose V Nable
Opioid abuse is a growing and significant public health concern in the United States. Naloxone is an opioid antagonist that can rapidly reverse the respiratory depression associated with opioid toxicity. Georgetown University's collegiate-based emergency medical services (EMS) agency recently adopted a protocol, allowing providers to administer intranasal naloxone for patients with suspected opioid overdose. While normally not within the scope of practice of basic life support prehospital agencies, the recognition of an increasing epidemic of opioid abuse has led many states, including the District of Columbia, to expand access to naloxone for prehospital providers of all levels of training...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042212/occurrence-of-needlestick-and-injuries-among-health-care-workers-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-north-india
#16
Varun Goel, Dinesh Kumar, Raghavendra Lingaiah, Sarman Singh
INTRODUCTION: Occupational hazards such as accidental exposure to sharp, cuts, and splashes are common among health-care workers (HCWs). AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the occurrence of self-reported occupational exposures to these hazards and to know the prevalent practices following the exposure. The second aim was to know the baseline antibody levels against hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) immediately after these accidents...
January 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034473/causes-of-needlestick-injuries-in-three-healthcare-settings-analysis-of-accident-notifications-registered-six-months-after-the-implementation-of-eu-directive-2010-32-eu-in-germany
#17
M Dulon, B Lisiak, D Wendeler, A Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are the most common cause of sharps injuries and pose a serious risk to healthcare workers (HCWs). In 2014, 'Technical rule for biological agents in healthcare and welfare facilities' (TRBA 250) was modified in Germany in order to promote the prevention of sharps injuries. AIMS: To examine the epidemiology of NSIs among HCWs in hospitals, doctor's offices and in- and outpatient care; to collect information on the causes of the accidents when safety-engineered devices (SEDs) are used; and to compare the results with the main principles of TRBA 250...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973940/preliminary-evidence-supports-modification-of-retraction-technique-to-prevent-needlestick-injuries
#18
Bernadette Alvear Fa, Eve Cuny
A modified retraction technique was introduced into the DDS degree preclinical anesthesia course in 2011 with the goal of reducing needlestick exposure incidents. In numerous studies of dental exposures, injuries from dental anesthetic needles account for the highest proportion of all exposures. The purpose of this study was to assess the preliminary impact of a modified retraction technique on the incidence of blood and body fluids (BBF) exposure incidents associated with needles during injection. Data from evaluations of students from 2014 and 2015 were obtained and tracked to determine whether the modified retraction technique was "excellent," "clinically acceptable," or "clinically unacceptable...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972362/systematic-review-of-the-value-of-safety-engineered-devices-in-reducing-needlestick-and-sharps-injuries
#19
Y Shang, X Ren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971018/a-systematic-review-economic-burden-of-needlestick-injuries-on-healthcare-workers
#20
H L Huang, J Lim, A Ma, H Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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