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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443763/epibulbar-complex-cartilaginous-choristoma-a-distinctive-clinicopathological-case-series-and-literature-review
#1
Zongduan Zhang, Zhengwei Yang, Qintuo Pan, Xiaoyi Qin, Yuxuan Deng, Yuehong Cao
To newly describe the clinical and histopathological characteristics of epibulbar complex cartilaginous choristoma incidentally observed in a series of pterygium excision patients.Noncomparative case series with chart review of 8 patients.During a 4-year period, we identified 8 cases of conventional unilateral nasal subpterygial cartilaginous choristoma in 1799 pterygium patients and analyzed their clinicopathological features. The incidence rate of this entity is 0.44% in pterygium patients. All of the cartilaginous choristomas were buried deep in the caruncle, covered by the pterygium, and embedded in tenon facia tissue...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441409/listening-in-the-bog-i-acoustic-interactions-and-spacing-between-males-of-sphagniana-sphagnorum
#2
Glenn K Morris, Aaron M Hall, Heiner Römer
Males of the katydid Sphagniana sphagnorum form calling aggregations in boreal sphagnum bogs to attract mates. They broadcast frequency-modulated (FM) songs in steady series, each song comprised of two wing-stroking modes that alternate audio and ultrasonic spectra. NN analysis of three populations found mean distances between 5.1 and 8.4 m, but failed to find spacing regularity: in one males spaced randomly, in another they were clumped, but within the clumps spaced at random. We tested a mechanism for maintaining inter-male distances by playback of conspecific song to resident males and analysing song interactions between neighbouring males in the field...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438175/effect-of-fascia-penetration-on-sensory-nerve-conduction-in-the-superficial-radial-nerve
#3
Hye Jung Park, Joon Shik Yoon, Won Ihl Rhee, Jea Won Kim, Seung Nam Yang, Sun Jae Won
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of fascia penetration on superficial radial sensory nerve action potential amplitude. METHODS: The penetration point (PP) at which the nerve penetrated the brachioradialis fascia and became superficial was observed using ultrasonography. The sensory nerve action potential amplitude was measured at five points: the penetration point, 2 and 4 cm proximal to the PP, and 2 and 4 cm distal to the PP. RESULTS: The sensory nerve action potential amplitude at the penetration point and at 2 and 4 cm distal to the PP was significantly larger than that at 2 and 4 cm proximal to the PP...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437990/grf-interacting-factor1-gif1-regulates-shoot-architecture-and-meristem-determinacy-in-maize
#4
Dan Zhang, Wei Sun, Renee Singh, Yuanyuan Zheng, Zheng Cao, Manfei Li, China Lunde, Sarah Hake, Zuxin Zhang
Plant architecture results from a balance of indeterminate and determinate cell fates. Cells with indeterminate fates are located in meristems, comprising groups of pluripotent cells that produce lateral organs. Meristematic cells are also found in intercalary stem tissue, which provides cells for internodes, and at leaf margins to contribute to leaf width. We identified a maize (Zea mays) mutant that has a defect in balancing determinacy and indeterminacy. The mutant has narrow leaves and short internodes, suggesting a reduction in indeterminate cells in the leaf and stem...
February 5, 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436233/intratissue-percutaneous-electrolysis-vs-corticosteroid-infiltration-for-the-treatment-of-plantar-fasciosis
#5
Álvaro Iborra-Marcos, Juan José Ramos-Álvarez, Guillermo Rodriguez-Fabián, Federico Del Castillo-González, Antonio López-Román, Carlos Polo-Portes, Manuel Villanueva-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroid infiltration (CI) is commonly used for treatment of plantar fasciosis. In recent years, however, interest has grown in the use of intratissue percutaneous electrolysis (EPI) for the treatment of tendinopathies. The aim of our study was to compare the effectiveness of the above techniques in the treatment of plantar fasciosis. METHODS: The results achieved over a period of 1 year following the use of these techniques to treat plantar fasciosis were examined...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434652/the-open-abdomen-in-trauma-and-non-trauma-patients-wses-guidelines
#6
REVIEW
Federico Coccolini, Derek Roberts, Luca Ansaloni, Rao Ivatury, Emiliano Gamberini, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E Moore, Raul Coimbra, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Bruno M Pereira, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Ari Leppaniemi, Matti Tolonen, Joseph Galante, Tarek Razek, Ron Maier, Miklosh Bala, Boris Sakakushev, Vladimir Khokha, Manu Malbrain, Vanni Agnoletti, Andrew Peitzman, Zaza Demetrashvili, Michael Sugrue, Salomone Di Saverio, Ingo Martzi, Kjetil Soreide, Walter Biffl, Paula Ferrada, Neil Parry, Philippe Montravers, Rita Maria Melotti, Francesco Salvetti, Tino M Valetti, Thomas Scalea, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Jeffry L Kashuk, Martha Larrea, Juan Alberto Martinez Hernandez, Heng-Fu Lin, Mircea Chirica, Catherine Arvieux, Camilla Bing, Tal Horer, Belinda De Simone, Peter Masiakos, Viktor Reva, Nicola DeAngelis, Kaoru Kike, Zsolt J Balogh, Paola Fugazzola, Matteo Tomasoni, Rifat Latifi, Noel Naidoo, Dieter Weber, Lauri Handolin, Kenji Inaba, Andreas Hecker, Yuan Kuo-Ching, Carlos A Ordoñez, Sandro Rizoli, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Marc De Moya, Imtiaz Wani, Alain Chichom Mefire, Ken Boffard, Lena Napolitano, Fausto Catena
Damage control resuscitation may lead to postoperative intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome. These conditions may result in a vicious, self-perpetuating cycle leading to severe physiologic derangements and multiorgan failure unless interrupted by abdominal (surgical or other) decompression. Further, in some clinical situations, the abdomen cannot be closed due to the visceral edema, the inability to control the compelling source of infection or the necessity to re-explore (as a "planned second-look" laparotomy) or complete previously initiated damage control procedures or in cases of abdominal wall disruption...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433140/-colour-duplex-sonography-and-power-duplex-in-perforator-surgery-improvement-of-patients-safety-by-efficient-planning
#7
Adrien Daigeler, Cornelius Schubert, Tobias Hirsch, Björn Behr, Marcus Lehnhardt
INTRODUCTION: There are many techniques to identify vessels in perforator surgery, each with specific disadvantages. Handheld Dopplers are easy to use, but inaccurate with respect to the exact localisation of the perforator. Angio-CT is invasive, time consuming, and expensive. In contrast, duplex sonography is a reliable, easy-to-use and availabe alternative for pre-, intra-, and postoperative visualisation of vessels. Power Doppler further increases sensitivity and allows visualisation of vessels smaller than 0...
February 12, 2018: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431303/eosinophilic-fasciitis-a-single-center-experience-of-seven-patients
#8
Oded Shamriz, Mariana Druker, Tzahi Neuman, Zvi Dranitzki, Yuval Tal
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a rare disease characterized by scleroderma-like skin, inflammation of deep muscle fascia, hypergammaglobulinemia, peripheral eosinophilia, and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. OBJECTIVES: To present our experience in diagnosis and treatment of seven biopsy-proven EF patients in a large tertiary medical center. METHODS: We screened all patients who were admitted to our tertiary medical center and diagnosed with EF by tissue biopsies from January 2000 to January 2016...
February 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428875/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-needle-tenotomy-for-chronic-proximal-tensor-fascia-lata-tendinopathy-a-report-of-2-cases
#9
David M Bradberry, Walter I Sussman, Kenneth Mautner
Proximal tensor fascia lata (TFL) tendinopathy at its origin on the anterior superior iliac crest is one potential cause of lateral hip pain. However, there is limited literature regarding the mechanism, disease course or management of this condition. There is growing evidence supporting the effective treatment of percutaneous needle tenotomy (PNT) for chronic tendinopathy. Only a single case series has examined the efficacy of PNT for tendinopathy about the hip and pelvis. Presented here are examples of two cases of chronic recalcitrant proximal ultrasound confirmed TFL tendinopathy effectively treated with ultrasound-guided PNT...
February 8, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428266/duraplasty-using-amniotic-membrane-versus-temporal-muscle-fascia-a-clinical-comparative-study
#10
Agus Turchan, Taufiq Fatchur Rochman, Arie Ibrahim, Dyah Fauziah, Joni Wahyuhadi, M Arifin Parenrengi, Asra Al Fauzi, Erliano Sufarnap, Abdul Hafid Bajamal, Ferdiansyah, Heri Suroto, Purwati, Fedik Abdul Rantam, Adanti Wido Paramadini, Christianto Benjamin Lumenta
In the field of neurosurgery, often the dura mater cannot be sutured, and consequently, it requires a duraplasty procedure using a dural fascial graft. Since 1890, various materials have been researched as dura mater substitutes. Amniotic membrane, for example, is suitable as a dural graft material and has been used in neurosurgery since 2012. However, there has been little research on human patient's dural healing after the use of amniotic membrane in their duraplasty procedure. To address this gap, a clinical experimental study was undertaken to evaluate the human dural healing of 16 patients who had undergone duraplasty in decompressive craniectomy surgery at Dr...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427600/the-first-report-of-siglec-3-cd33-gene-in-a-teleost-rock-bream-oplegnathus-fasciatus-an-analysis-of-its-spatial-expression-during-stimulation-to-red-seabream-iridovirus-rsiv-and-two-bacterial-pathogens
#11
Joseph Jeswin, Min-Soo Joo, Ji-Min Jeong, Jin-Sol Bae, Kwang-Min Choi, Dong-Hee Cho, Son-Il Park, Chan-Il Park
Siglec-3/CD33 is a myeloid-specific inhibitory receptor that is expressed on cells of the immune system, where it is believed to play a regulatory role, modulating the inflammatory and immune responses. We characterized CD33 (RbCD33) in rock bream which is a transmembrane protein with two IG-like domains and a cytoplasmic tail. It has a deduced amino acid sequence of 390 residues and has tyrosine-based signaling motifs in the cytoplasmic tail. The RbCD33 mRNA was highly expressed in peripheral blood leukocytes and was also detected in the muscle, spleen, skin, head kidney, gills, trunk kidney, heart, stomach, brain, intestine and liver by quantitative real-time PCR...
February 7, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424372/desmoid-tumor-of-the-abdominal-wall-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Angelo Guttadauro, Matteo Maternini, Silvia Frassani, Elena Guanziroli, Giulia Lo Bianco, Francesco Gabrielli
BACKGROUND: Desmoid tumor is a rare soft tissues neoplasia characterized by local invasiveness and by a tendency towards local recurrence although not towards metastasization. DISCUSSION: Etiology is not clear. Desmoid tumors originate from the monoclonal proliferation of one mesenchymal cell and develop in the context of fascial, muscular and aponeurotic tissue. They are free of capsule and do not usually metastatize, although they do present a high risk of local recurrence CONCLUSION: In the absence of a systematic data collection and of a clear distinction, in the existing databases, between primitive and recurrent lesions and between lesions of different sites, there are no standard guidelines for a correct management of desmoids...
November 20, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423702/linburg-comstock-variation-histoanatomy-and-classification-of-the-connection-between-flexor-pollicis-longus-and-flexor-digitorum-profundus-to-the-index-finger
#13
Laphatrada Yurasakpong, Krai Meemon, Athikhun Suwannakhan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the anatomy and histology of Linburg-Comstock variation, or the anomalous connection between flexor pollicis longus and flexor digitorum profundus to the index finger, in Thai population. METHODS: One hundred and thirty cadaveric upper limbs were dissected. Skin and superficial fascia on the anterior distal forearm and hand were removed. The tendons of the flexor pollicis longus and flexor digitorum profundus to the index finger were identified for the possible occurrence of the intertendinous connection...
February 8, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420415/delayed-presentation-of-cecal-perforation-with-tension-free-vaginal-tape
#14
Allison C Mayhew, Alexcis T Ford, Gina M Northington, Virginia O Shaffer, Robert S Kelley
BACKGROUND: Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) is a popular operative treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). It has a low risk of adverse events, and injuries, particularly to the bowel, are rare. Case reports that have previously discussed these injuries and subsequent removal of TVT have not provided additional insight into management of SUI after these injuries occur. CASE: A postmenopausal woman with persistent SUI presented more than 1 year after TVT placement with bowel perforation incidentally discovered on routine screening colonoscopy...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420381/surgical-treatment-of-osteoma-in-the-basilar-region-of-the-mandible
#15
Manoela Moura De Bartoli, Luis Felipe Oliveira Maciel, Marília Gabriela Mendes de Alencar, Thiago Coelho Gomes da Silva, Ricardo José Holanda Vasconcellos
Osteoma is an uncommon benign osteogenic tumor characterized by the proliferation of compact and cancellous bone. The objective of this study was to report a case of osteoma in the basilar region of the mandible. The patient reported no pain, but the affected area was tender to touch and there was esthetic concern because of the apparent swelling. The mass measured approximately 5 cm in diameter and extended to the lingual area of the mandible. A vestibular approach was used for surgical treatment. After infiltration of a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor, to expose the mandibular ramus, an incision was made with an electric scalpel along the external oblique ridge through the mucosa, submucosa and muscle, fascia and periosteum until the lower second molar, 3 to 5 mm inferior to the mucogingival junction...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419689/surgical-reconstruction-of-the-fascia-lata-and-posterior-tibial-artery-perforator-flap-to-treat-children-with-simultaneous-injury-to-the-achilles-tendon-and-heel-skin
#16
Chu-Zhao Lin, Xue Xia, Hu Wang, Dong-Xin Liu
Children with simultaneous injury to the Achilles tendon and heel skin remain a challenge for clinicians. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a combined surgical procedure involving use of the fascia lata to reconstruct the Achilles tendon, and the posterior tibial artery perforator flap to cover the accompanying heel skin injury.Between February 2010 and February 2013, 8 children (3 females and 5 males) between 3 and 12 years of age, with a median age of 7.5 years, were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419592/refinements-in-elevation-of-the-reconstructed-auricle-the-zigzag-incision
#17
So-Eun Han, Yeseul Eom, Kap Sung Oh
OBJECTIVE: Auricular elevation with superficial temporal fascia and skin graft is widely used in microtia reconstruction using costal cartilage. However, in some patients, there has been occurrence of contraction of skin graft, which led to insufficient projection of the elevated auricle and diminished auriculocephalic angle with unfavorable long-term results. In this article, the authors introduce their multiple triangular flaps with zigzag incision to maintain stable projection and natural retroauricular sulcus appearance in auricular reconstruction patients...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418118/innervation-of-the-long-head-of-the-triceps-brachii-in-humans-a-fresh-look
#18
Michael D Wade, Arthur R McDowell, Janine M Ziermann
The triceps brachii muscle occupies the posterior compartment of the arm in humans and has three heads. The lateral and medial heads originate from the humerus and the long head arises from the infraglenoid tubercle of the scapula. All heads form a common tendon that inserts onto the olecranon and the deep antebrachial fascia on each side of it. Each head receives its own motor branch, which all are thought to originate from the radial nerve. However, several studies reported that the motor branch of the long head of the triceps (LHT) arises from the axillary nerve or the posterior cord...
March 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417339/abdominal-wall-reconstruction-following-resection-of-large-abdominal-aggressive-neoplasms-using-tensor-fascia-lata-flap-with-or-without-mesh-reinforcement
#19
Z Song, D Yang, J Yang, X Nie, J Wu, H Song, Y Gu
PURPOSE: Abdominal wall defects caused by neoplasms with large extended resection defects remain a challenging problem. Autologous flaps, meshes, and component separation techniques are effective in reconstructing these defects. We retrospectively reviewed and assessed the success of reconstruction using tensor fascia lata flap with or without meshes. METHODS: 18 patients with abdominal wall neoplasms were identified during the period from 2007 to 2016. A retrospective review of office charts and hospital records was performed...
February 7, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416224/a-rare-case-of-misdiagnosis-recurrence-of-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-that-was-treated-surgicallyas-a-keloid
#20
Murat Ucak
Aim: In this report, we presented the patient with Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans (DFSP), removed by considering as the keloid scar in the general surgery clinic with misdiagnosis. Case report: The patient was a 19-year-old female student with no scar or previous trauma history in the lesion area. Pathology report of excisional biopsy revealed as a DFSP, reachedsubcutis and dermis. In staging by CT, there had been no distant metastases. There was a lesion with the size of 2x1...
February 2018: Medical Archives
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