keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pleural effusions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938258/pneumococcal-vaccination-and-pneumonia-associated-with-pleural-effusion-in-a-pediatric-population
#1
Enrique Bernaola, Francisco Gil, Mercedes Herranz, Alberto Gil-Setas, Marcela Guevara, Jesus Castilla
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess the effect of the non-systematic pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) on incidence of pneumonia associated with parapneumonic pleural effusion (PPE) in vaccinated and unvaccinated children. METHODS: Cases were patients aged <15 years who had been diagnosed with pneumonia associated with PPE in a tertiary hospital in Navarra (Spain) between 1995 and 2014. The population aged <15 years and covered by the public health service was used as reference...
September 20, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936998/venous-thromboembolism-due-to-hyperhomocysteinaemia-and-tuberculosis
#2
Ankush Chaudhary, Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi
An 18-year-old male presented to our hospital with complaints of episodic abdominal pain, dry cough and right pleuritic chest pain. He was diagnosed as a case of right tuberculous pleural effusion on the basis of the pleural fluid Genexpert report of Mycobacterium tuberculosis detected sensitive to rifampicin and was started on antituberculous therapy. Forty-five days later, he presented with acute onset breathlessness, swelling of the right leg, streaky haemoptysis and a fresh left-sided pleural effusion. Evaluation revealed venous thromboembolism (right lower lobar segment pulmonary embolism with right leg deep vein thrombosis)...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936685/living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-south-asia-single-center-experience-on-intermediate-term-outcomes
#3
Faisal S Dar, Abu Bakar H Bhatti, Ammal I Qureshi, Nusrat Y Khan, Zahaan Eswani, Haseeb H Zia, Eitzaz U Khan, Nasir A Khan, Atif Rana, Najmul H Shah, Mohammad Salih, Rashid Nazer
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data on intermediate-term post liver transplant outcomes from South Asia. The objective of this study was to determine survival outcomes in patients who underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in a busy liver transplant center in Pakistan. METHODS: This study was a review of patients who underwent LDLT between 2012 and 2016. A total of 321 patients were included in this study. Early (within 90 days) and late (>90 days) morbidity and mortality was assessed...
September 21, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935012/-combining-3d-ctba-and-3d-vats-single-operation-hole-to-%C3%A2-anatomical-segmentectomy-in-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Xiaowei She, Yunbin Gu, Chun Xu, Xinyu Song, Chang Li, Cheng Ding, Jun Chen, Yongsheng Gong, Jun Zhao
BACKGROUND: China is a high-incidence area of lung cancer, and its morbidity and mortality were the highest in malignant tumors. At present, the popularization of low-dose computed tomography (CT) examination has significantly improved the detection rate of early lung cancer, anatomical segmentectomy is currently widely used early in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and those who cannot tolerate lobectomy in patients with lung cancer. However, the anatomical structure of segment and its surgical operation is relatively complex, lead to segmentectomy has a high risk and difficulty...
September 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935009/acute-occlusion-of-the-abdominal-aorta-with-sudden-paraplegia-in-a-captive-mustached-tamarin-saguinus-mystax
#5
Carmen R Michaud, Richard Herbert, William R Elkins, Alfonso S Gozalo
A wild-caught, research-naïve, adult male mustached tamarin (Saguinus mystax) experienced sudden onset of bilateral hindlimb paresis. Physical examination established the presence of paralysis and the lack of femoral pulses and deep pain in both legs. There were no signs of external trauma and, due to a poor prognosis, euthanasia was elected. Necropsy findings included pleural effusion, partial pulmonary atelectasis and congestion, dilatatory cardiomyopathy, a renal hemorrhagic infarct, and a thromboembolus located at the trifurcation of the distal abdominal aorta...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934846/egfr-mutation-status-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-associated-malignant-pleural-effusion-and-efficacy-of-egfr-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors
#6
Jiyoul Yang, Ok-Jun Lee, Seung-Myoung Son, Chang Gok Woo, Yusook Jeong, Yaewon Yang, Jihyun Kwon, Ki Hyeong Lee, Hye Sook Han
Purpose: Malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) are often observed in lung cancer, particularly adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to investigate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status in lung adenocarcinoma-associated MPEs (LA-MPEs) and its correlation with efficacy of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. Methods: Samples comprised 40 cell blocks of pathologically-confirmed LA-MPEs collected before the start of EGFR TKI therapy. EGFR mutation status was re-evaluated by peptide nucleic acid clamping and the clinical outcomes of EGFR TKI-treated patients were analyzed retrospectively...
September 19, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934305/the-prognostic-value-of-interleukin-17-in-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-based-on-chinese-patients
#7
Xiao-Fei Wang, Yi-Tong Zhu, Jia-Jia Wang, Da-Xiong Zeng, Chuan-Yong Mu, Yan-Bin Chen, Wei Lei, Ye-Han Zhu, Jian-An Huang
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-17 (IL-17) plays an important role in cancer progression. Previous studies remained controversial regarding the correlation between IL-17 expression and lung cancer (LC) prognosis. To comprehensively and quantitatively summarize the prognostic value of IL-17 expression in LC patients, a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed. METHODS: We identified the relevant literatures by searching the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, SinoMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang Data databases, up until April 1, 2017...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933178/-nosocomial-pneumonia
#8
Jana Skřičková
Nosocomial pneumonia (hospital-acquired pneumonia - HAP) is the form of pneumonia the symptoms of which present after more than 2 days (> 48 hours) of admission to hospital or as late as 14 days of discharge from hospital. The HAP pneumonias represent 13-18 % of all nosocomial infections. Incidence of HAP is the most frequent in mechanically ventilated patients. The type and representation of HAP agents primarily depends on the length of a patients stay in hospital and on their condition and character of treatment...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932613/primary-pulmonary-lymphoma-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-young-female
#9
Divya Salhan, Prakash Verma, Tun Win Naing, Ebad Ur Rehman, Saroj Kandel, Danillo Enriquez, Joseph Quist, Frances Schmidt
Primary Pulmonary Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (PPDLBCL) is an extremely rare entity, which exhibits an aggressive behavior by compressing local blood vessels. It represents only 0.04% of all lymphoma cases and is extremely rare in young age. We present a case of a primary pulmonary lymphoma with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) in a young female. 27-year-old African American female presented with fever, cough, and facial puffiness for 2 weeks and unintentional weight loss. Chest examination showed decreased breath sounds and dullness on percussion on right side...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932584/two-cases-of-pulmonary-cysticercosis-manifesting-as-pleural-effusion-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Youfei Chen, Pingli Wang, Liren Ding
Cysticercosis is an important public health problem in developing countries. The major involvement sites are the central nervous system and the eyes, although striated muscles and subcutaneous tissues are frequently involved in the disseminated form of disease. Pulmonary involvement in cysticercosis is very rare and ill-defined nodular shadows distributed throughout the lung is the usual radiological presentation. Only one case of cysticercosis presenting as lung cavity with pleural effusion has been reported so far in literature...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932581/catch-me-if-you-can-how-to-make-the-best-use-of-pleural-effusion
#11
Lianjun Lin, Qian Han, Zhonghui Liu, Huiying Xu, Yanping Wu, Jixin Zhang, Xinmin Liu
Etiology diagnosis of pleural effusion is a commonly encountered yet challenging problem. How to make the best use of pleural effusion evokes thinking. Myelomatous pleural effusion (MPE) is a rare condition and has been reported sporadically. We report an extremely rare case of multiple myeloma (MM) [IgD-lambda (λ) type, stage III B] with MPE as initial presentation and complicated with massive pericardial effusions during the progression of the disease. Cytological identification of malignant plasma cells in pleural effusion is the most direct method to diagnose MPE...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932580/benign-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-with-uncontrolled-pleural-effusion-by-calcified-mediastinal-lymphadenopathy-surgical-management
#12
Yoon Pyo Lee, Eun Mi Chun, Yoo Kyung Kim, Kwan Chang Kim
This report describes a rare case of benign superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) accompanying recalcitrant pleural effusion developed secondary to extrinsic compression by anthracotic calcified mediastinal lymphadenopathy which was corrected by surgical bypass graft. An 81-year-old female presented with recalcitrant pleural effusion for several months despite of medical treatments. SVCS developed progressively without any other radiological evidence of malignancy or active infection on initial chest computed tomography (CT)...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932546/quantitative-computed-tomography-to-predict-postoperative-fev1-after-lung-cancer-surgery
#13
Alex Fourdrain, Florence De Dominicis, Sophie Lafitte, Jules Iquille, Flavien Prevot, Emmanuel Lorne, Julien Monconduit, Patrick Bagan, Pascal Berna
BACKGROUND: Predicted postoperative FEV1 (ppoFEV1) must be estimated preoperatively prior to surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We evaluated a lung volumetry approach based on chest computed tomography (CT). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted over a period of one year in eligible lung cancer patients to evaluate the difference between ppoFEV1 and the 3-month postoperative FEV1 (poFEV1). Patients in whom CT was performed in another hospital and those with factors influencing poFEV1, such as atelectasis, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, or pneumonia, were excluded...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932537/the-role-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-management-of-symptomatic-pleural-effusion-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-best-evidence-topic-report
#14
REVIEW
Alfonso Fiorelli, Francesco Caronia, Aldo Prencipe, Mario Santini, Brendon Stiles
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written addressing whether video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) talc pleurodesis could be justified in patients with pleural effusion (PE) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and no-responded to repeated thoracentesis. Ten papers were identified to answer the question. Of these, two were case-series study including ≥4 patients, 7 retrospective analytical studies, and one observational study but no randomized controlled trial (RCTs) was included in the analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930797/optimizing-the-safety-profile-of-everolimus-by-delayed-initiation-in-de-novo-heart-transplant-recipients-results-of-the-prospective-randomized-study-everheart
#15
Luciano Potena, Carlo Pellegrini, Francesco Grigioni, Cristiano Amarelli, Ugolino Livi, Massimo Maccherini, Gabriella Masciocco, Giuseppe Faggian, Paola Lilla Della Monica, Gino Gerosa, Nicola Marraudino, Marco Corda, Massimo Boffini
BACKGROUND: Although everolimus potentially improves long-term heart transplantation (HTx) outcomes, its early postoperative safety profile had raised concerns and needs optimization. METHODS: This 6-month, open-label, multicenter randomized trial was designed to compare the cumulative incidence of a primary composite safety endpoint comprising wound healing delays, pericardial effusion (PCEs), pleural effusion (PLEs) needing drainage, and renal insufficiency events (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≤30/mL/min/1...
September 19, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928253/filarial-pleural-effusion-without-peripheral-blood-or-pleural-fluid-eosinophilia
#16
Amitabh Das Shukla, Abhinav Chaudhary, Arvind Kumar Verma, Shreenivasa Anantha
Lymphatic filariasis is a tropical parasitic disease and is endemic in India. It is present in various forms but its manifestation as pleural effusion is rare. Here, we describe a case of 58-year-old male who presented with complaint of left side chest pain and breathlessness. He was investigated and diagnosed as a case of left side pleural effusion due to filariasis, with peripheral blood lymphocytosis but without peripheral blood or pleural fluid eosinophilia. Our case foregrounds that filariasis can present with peripheral blood lymphocytosis and without peripheral blood or pleural fluid eosinophilia...
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927859/pleural-fluid-analysis-and-pleural-elastance-as-predictors-of-response-to-pleurodesis-in-patients-with-malignant-pleural-effusion
#17
Lucía Ferreiro, Esther San José, Francisco Gude, Luis Valdés
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927127/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-protein-level-in-pleural-effusion-for-differentiating-malignant-from-benign-pleural-effusion
#18
Da-Wei Wu, Wei-An Chang, Kuan-Ting Liu, Meng-Chi Yen, Po-Lin Kuo
Pleural effusion is associated with multiple benign and malignant conditions. Currently no biomarkers differentiate malignant pleural effusion (MPE) and benign pleural effusion (BPE) sensitively and specifically. The present study identified a novel combination of biomarkers in pleural effusion for differentiating MPE from BPE by enrolling 75 patients, 34 with BPE and 41 with MPE. The levels of lactate dehydrogenase, glucose, protein, and total cell, neutrophil, monocyte and lymphocyte counts in the pleural effusion were measured...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926296/randomised-controlled-trial-of-urokinase-versus-placebo-for-non-draining-malignant-pleural-effusion
#19
Eleanor K Mishra, Amelia O Clive, Genevieve H Wills, Helen E Davies, Andrew E Stanton, Mohamed Al-Aloul, Alan Hart-Thomas, Justin Pepperell, Matthew Evison, Tarek Saba, Richard Neil Harrison, Anur Guhan, Matthew E Callister, Ramamurthy Sathyamurthy, Sunita Rehal, John P Corcoran, Robert Hallifax, Ioannis Psallidas, Nicky Russell, Rachel Shaw, Melissa Dobson, John M Wrightson, Alex West, Y C Gary Lee, Andrew J Nunn, Robert F Miller, Nick A Maskell, Najib M Rahman
RATIONALE: Patients with malignant pleural effusion (MPE) experience breathlessness, which is treated by drainage and pleurodesis. Incomplete drainage results in residual dyspnea and pleurodesis failure. Intrapleural fibrinolytics lyse septations within pleural fluid, improving drainage. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of intrapleural urokinase on dyspnea and pleurodesis success in patients with non-draining malignant effusion. METHODS: Prospective double blind randomised trial; patients with non-draining effusion were randomly allocated 1:1 to intrapleural urokinase (100,000 IU three doses 12 hourly) or matched placebo...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924111/synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis-sapho-syndrome-with-significant-bilateral-pleural-effusions
#20
Shoichi Hasegawa, Hiroki Yabe, Naoya Kaneko, Eri Watanabe, Takahisa Gono, Chihiro Terai
We herein report a rare case of a 66-year-old woman who had synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome with marked sternal osteitis and bilateral pleural effusions. SAPHO syndrome was diagnosed based on the characteristic features of a hyperostotic sternum and thoracic spine. The inflammatory changes of sternal osteitis and involvement of the adjacent soft tissue were assumed to be the cause of the pleural effusions. The effusions decreased during the natural course of the disease and resolved after methotrexate therapy...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
266
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"