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Pleural effusions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332656/germ-cell-tumor-causing-pleural-effusion-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#1
Surabhi Jaggi, Reetu Kundu, Sanjeev Binji, Uma Handa, Varinder Saini
Straw colored pleural fluid with raised adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels in young healthy adults usually raises suspicion of tuberculosis, sometimes leading to laxity in carrying thorough physical examination and missing out some important clues with potential disastrous consequences. A 35-year-old male was diagnosed to have left pleural effusion and anti-tubercular treatment was started on the basis of straw colored, lymphocyte-predominant pleural fluid with significantly raised ADA levels. When there was no improvement after 1 month of treatment he was investigated further and found to have a mediastinal mass along with hydro-pneumothorax...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331648/lung-ultrasound-to-detect-residual-pneumothorax-after-chest-drain-removal-in-lung-resections
#2
Miriam Patella, Andrea Saporito, Carla Puligheddu, Francesco Mongelli, Davide La Regina, Ramon Pini, Rolf Inderbitzi, Stefano Cafarotti
BACKGROUND: Indication for post-drain removal imaging after lung resection is debated. Chest x-ray (CXR) is widely used to confirm lung expansion but not evidence-based. We propose to introduce lung ultrasound (LUS) as alternative to exclude significant pneumothorax (PTx) in this setting. METHODS: Fifty patients undergoing lung resections were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were: complete expansion of the lung at post-operative CXR, pleural effusion <300ml/24h, air leak 10-20ml/min for 6 hours...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330983/ultrasound-and-supine-chest-radiograph-in-road-traffic-accident-patients-a-reliable-and-convenient-way-to-diagnose-pleural-effusion
#3
Uzma Mumtaz, Zainab Zahur, Muhammad Ali Raza, Madiha Mumtaz
BACKGROUND: Portable bed side ultrasound and supine chest radiograph of 80 traumatic patients excluding very clinically unstable patients who subsequently underwent CT scan chest was done for traumatic effusion showing that ultrasound had a higher sensitivity than CXR, 88.23% and 77.94%, respectively, and a similar specificity of 100% and 100%, respectively. Objective of the study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of high resolution ultrasound and supine chest x-ray in detection of pleural effusion in road traffic accident patients keeping plain CT chest as gold standard...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326779/tacrolimus-as-a-rare-cause-of-pericardial-effusion-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient
#4
Rohini Prashar, Diana Stewart, Ankush Moza
Pericardial effusion in a renal transplant recipient represents a diagnostic conundrum with a variety of differential diagnoses. Immunosuppressive medications such as sirolimus have been linked to pericardial effusions in the reported literature. Tacrolimus has been reported to be associated with pleural effusions and ascites. We present a case of a patient with tacrolimus as the likely cause of a recurrent pericardial effusion.
October 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325199/-efficacy-and-safety-of-indwelling-pleural-catheters
#5
Eva Lücke, Uwe Steffen, Sandra Riedel, Jens Schreiber
In symptomatic malignant pleural effusions, mostly in a palliative situation, therapeutic procedures should be chosen to improve dyspnoea and the concomitant impairment of quality of life. Indwelling pleural catheters (IPC) have played an increasing role in recent years. The efficacy and safety of this method have not been adequately clarified under real-life clinical conditions. 94 patients, in whom IPC had been implanted because of a clinical indication, were analysed retrospectively with respect to efficacy and safety, together with patient characteristics, peri- and postinterventional complications, e...
January 11, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324936/the-impact-of-lung-perfusion-scintigraphy-in-the-emergency-management-of-patients-with-suspected-pulmonary-embolism
#6
Cristina Ferrari, Alessandra Cimino, Giacomo Bianco, Francesca Iuele, Alessandra Di Palo, Margherita Fanelli, Artor Niccoli-Asabella, Giuseppe Rubini
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is an emergency condition that requires immediate treatment. As the symptoms and the risk factors are nonspecific, PE differential diagnosis is often required. Even if angio-CT is considered the gold standard for PE diagnosis, the frequent allergic condition and/or chronic renal failure of patients make, in most cases, not possible the use of contrast enhancement in emergency with even more increasing use of Lung Perfusion Scintigraphy (LPS), as a simple and fast examination with no preparation/contraindication...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324537/the-figo-stage-iva-versus-ivb-of-ovarian-cancer-prognostic-value-and-predictive-value-for-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#7
Parvin Tajik, Roelien van de Vrie, Mohammad H Zafarmand, Corneel Coens, Marrije R Buist, Ignace Vergote, Patrick M M Bossuyt, Gemma G Kenter
OBJECTIVE: The revised version of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system (2014) for epithelial ovarian cancer includes a number of changes. One of these is the division of stage IV into 2 subgroups. Data on the prognostic and predictive significance of this classification are scarce. The effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) versus primary debulking surgery (PDS) in relation to the subclassification of FIGO stage IV is also unknown. METHODS: We used data of the EORTC 55971 trial, in which 670 patients with previous stage IIIC or IV epithelial ovarian cancer were randomly assigned to PDS or NACT; 160 patients had previous stage IV...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322942/purulent-pericarditis-an-unusual-complication-of-pneumococcal-pneumonia-a-case-report
#8
Ghizlane Zoulati, Ramatou Yèya Maïga, Rachid Kerzaz, Ghita Yahyaoui, Mustapha Harandou, Mustapha Mahmoud
Purulent pericarditis has become rare since the advent of antibiotics. Among the involved germs, S. pneumoniae remains the most implicated pathogen to evoke in principle, especially that prescription of systematic antibiotics for any febrile condition can considerably mask the clinical picture. A 36-year-old pregnant woman was visiting the emergency department for dyspnea and flu-like syndrom that had been going on for a week. The chest X-ray showed a white lung on the left and the transthoracic ultrasound revealed a pericardial effusion, resulting in pericardial drainage and pleural puncture that allows the evacuation of a purulent fluid...
January 11, 2018: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322797/effectiveness-of-nanoparticle-albumin-bound-paclitaxel-plus-carboplatin-in-non-small-lung-cancer-patients-with-malignant-pleural-effusion
#9
N Koyama, Y Watanabe, Y Iwai, C Miwa, Y Nagai, K Aoshiba, H Nakamura
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a common complication occurring in cancer patients, and its management affects the prognosis of these patients. Preclinical and clinical studies have reported that treatment with nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) plus carboplatin (CBDCA) is effective against intraperitoneal malignant tumors. To investigate the effectiveness of nab-paclitaxel plus CBDCA therapy for MPEs arising in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of 40 patients with stage IIIb or IV NSCLC who were treated with nab-paclitaxel plus CBDCA from 2013 to 2016...
2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321967/teratoma-as-unusual-cause-of-chest-pain-hemoptysis-and-dyspnea-in-a-young-patient
#10
Irena Hammen, Achhe Lal Yadav
A 16-year-old girl presented with intermittent left chest pain and breathlessness on exertion for last 4 months with one episode of haemoptysis. There has been loss of appetite and weight loss of 4 kg over a period of 1 month. A chest radiograph revealed a large mass like opacity with pleural effusion in the left lung field. Computerized Tomography scanning (CT scanning) and Positron Emission Tomography/Computerized Tomography scanning (PET/CT scanning) demonstrated a 7 cm round, cystic lesion in the anterior mediastinum...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321929/pleuritis-associated-with-primary-sjogren-syndrome
#11
Chiaki Hosoda, Yusuke Hosaka, Kai Ryu, Akira Kinoshita, Keisuke Saito, Kazuyoshi Kuwano
We herein present a case of a 71-year-old woman with primary Sjogren's syndrome (SjS), who developed bilateral pleural effusion and ground glass opacity during treatment with low-dose prednisolone. The pleural effusion and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid revealed elevation of lymphocytes. Thoracoscopic pleural biopsy showed infiltration of lymphocytes with no evidence of other diseases, confirming SjS-related pleuritis. Therefore, we initiated 20 mg prednisolone and pleural effusion was rapidly resolved. Our results indicate that SjS can be rarely complicated with pleuritis...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320805/success-rate-of-medical-thoracoscopy-and-talc-pleurodesis-in-malignant-pleurisy-a-single-centre-experience
#12
Joke Leemans, Christophe Dooms, Vincent Ninane, Jonas Yserbyt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malignant pleurisy is associated with advanced oncological disease and dyspnoea is the most common presenting symptom. Pleurodesis is the preferred palliative and supportive treatment option, targeting symptom relief. The identification of clinical and endoscopic features that determine the success of talc pleurodesis in malignant pleurisy could guide clinical decision-making. METHODS: All symptomatic patients with malignant pleurisy subjected to talc pleurodesis through medical thoracoscopy between January 2012 and December 2015 were included...
January 10, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319255/pleural-lymphoma-presenting-as-chylothorax
#13
P Baburaj, B V Shankara, Edwin J George, V P Gopinathan, Dinesha Prabhu
Pleural disease in Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma is well documented and commonly presents with pleural effusion in 20% of patients. However, solid pleural involvement is less common and is usually a secondary event. Primary pleural lymphomas are extremely rare. Hereby we report a rare case of primary pleural lymphoma presenting as chylothorax.
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319243/to-study-efficacy-of-medical-thoracoscopy-in-undiagnosed-pleural-effusions
#14
Sachin S Dole, Gauri P Godbole, Himanshu S Pophale
Background: Medical thoracoscopy has received interest in recent past for diagnostic as well as therapeutic uses. In this study we describe our experience with diagnostic medical thoracoscopy in pleural effusions of undiagnosed etiology. Objectives: 1.To detect diagnostic yield of medical thoracoscopy in pleural effusions of unknown etiology. 2.To find complication rate in these patients. Methodology: In a retrospective analysis of thoracoscopic procedures performed between March 2011 and December 2014, diagnostic yield and complications of thoracoscopic pleural biopsy for achieving a diagnosis in undiagnosed pleural effusions were evaluated...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318750/can-malignant-and-inflammatory-pleural-effusions-in-dogs-be-distinguished-using-computed-tomography
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315684/a-novel-predictor-of-severe-dengue-the-aspartate-aminotransferase-platelet-count-ratio-index-apri
#16
Zhang Hao, Xie Zhiwei, Xie Xushuo, Ou Yingyan, Zeng Wenting, Zhou Yuanping
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors for the development of dengue into severe dengue in Guangdong. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of clinical data from 212 dengue patients between June and October 2014. RESULTS: 174 (82.1%) patients in our study had classic dengue, of which 38 (17.9%) had severe diseases. The frequencies of jaundice, pleural effusion, ascites and vaginal bleeding were significantly different between the two groups (p < 0...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312729/diagnostic-accuracy-of-tumor-markers-for-malignant-pleural-effusion-a-derivation-and-validation-study
#17
Kan Zhai, Wen Wang, Yao Wang, Jing-Yuan Liu, Qiong Zhou, Huan-Zhong Shi
Background: The utility of tumor markers (TMs) for differentiating malignant pleural effusion (MPE) from benign pleural effusion (BPE) has been a subject of controversy. The majority of published studies are single center designed and lack validation. We performed a derivation and validation study in China to evaluate the diagnostic value of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) as well as carbohydrate antigen (CA) 15-3, CA 19-9 and CA 125 to differentiate between MPE and BPE. Methods: Three hundred and twenty seven pleural effusion (PE) and paired serum samples were collected from consecutive patients with MPE or BPE in Beijing (174 patients, derivation) and Wuhan (153 patients, validation) during the same period...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311408/hepatic-hydrothorax
#18
Yong Lv, Guohong Han, Daiming Fan
Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a pleural effusion that develops in a patient with cirrhosis and portal hypertension in the absence of cardiopulmonary disease. Although the development of HH remains incompletely understood, the most acceptable explanation is that the pleural effusion is a result of a direct passage of ascitic fluid into the pleural cavity through a defect in the diaphragm due to the raised abdominal pressure and the negative pressure within the pleural space. Patients with HH can be asymptomatic or present with pulmonary symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, hypoxemia, or respiratory failure associated with large pleural effusions...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310266/ultrasensitive-and-high-specific-detection-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-in-human-serum-and-clinical-pleural-effusion-by-aptamer-based-fluorescence-spectroscopy
#19
Yuhang Wu, Hong Zhang, Junfeng Xiang, Zhihua Mao, Gang Shen, Fengmin Yang, Yan Liu, Wei Wang, Ning Du, Jinghua Zhang, Yalin Tang
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and approximately 85% are diagnosed as non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, efficient detection and diagnosis of NSCLC at early stage is still challenging. In this work, we developed a simple, ultrasensitive and high selective strategy for A549 human NSCLC cells detection based on combining the reorganization property of a novel cyanine dye 3,3'-di(3-sulfopropyl)-4,5,4',5'-dibenzo-9-methyl-thiacarbocyanine triethylammonium salt (cy-M) to aptamer S6 G-quadruplex structure having specific affinity to NSCLC cells, which induced a dramatic fluorescence enhancement (~ 104 times)...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308781/community-acquired-necrotising-pneumonia-caused-by-panton-valentine-leucocidin-producing-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#20
C L Leong, A Norazah, A Azureen, R Lingam
A 61-year-old male presented with community-onset pneumonia not responding to treatment despite given appropriate antibiotics. Computed tomography scan of the thorax showed large multiloculated pleural effusion with multiple cavitating foci within collapsed segments; lesions which were suggestive of necrotising pneumonia. Drainage of the effusion and culture revealed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which had the same antibiotic profile with the blood isolate and PVL gene positive.
December 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
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