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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347894/-gender-specific-differences-in-the-degree-of-burden-on-children-and-adolescents-taken-into-custody
#1
Stefan Rücker, Peter Büttner, Norbert Karpinski, Franz Petermann, Jörg M Fegert
Gender-specific Differences in the Degree of Burden on Children and Adolescents Taken into Custody Children and adolescents who were taken into care are a high-risk group for mental disorders such as externalizing problems or conduct disorders. 95 children and adolescents who were taken into care were tested with the Screening Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument 2 (MAYSI-2). In a large proportion of those children and adolescents emotional and physical neglect and abuse was identified...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335036/individuals-with-currently-untreated-mental-illness-causal-beliefs-and-readiness-to-seek-help
#2
S Stolzenburg, S Freitag, S Evans-Lacko, S Speerforck, S Schmidt, G Schomerus
AIMS: Many people with mental illness do not seek professional help. Beliefs about the causes of their current health problem seem relevant for initiating treatment. Our aim was to find out to what extent the perceived causes of current untreated mental health problems determine whether a person considers herself/himself as having a mental illness, perceives need for professional help and plans to seek help in the near future. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we examined 207 untreated persons with a depressive syndrome, all fulfilling criteria for a current mental illness as confirmed with a structured diagnostic interview (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332637/pilot-rct-of-an-integrative-group-therapy-for-patients-with-refractory-irritable-bowel-syndrome-isrctn02977330
#3
S Berens, E Stroe-Kunold, F Kraus, J Tesarz, A Gauss, B Niesler, W Herzog, R Schaefert
OBJECTIVE: Different forms of psychotherapeutic treatments have been proven effective in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but disorder-oriented and integrative concepts are still rare. Therefore, we implemented and evaluated an integrative group therapeutic concept within an interdisciplinary tertiary care clinic for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). AIMS: present our integrative group concept, assess feasibility issues, and evaluate efficacy. METHODS: A pilot-RCT with a randomized controlled wait-listed group design was conducted...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294725/association-of-domestic-violence-against-women-with-sociodemographic-factors-clinical-features-and-dissociative-symptoms-in-patients-who-receive-services-from-psychiatric-outpatient-units-in-turkey
#4
Zeynep Kotan, Vahap Ozan Kotan, Hayriye Dilek Yalvaç, Sibel Demir
Domestic violence (DV) against women is a serious problem with its negative effects on all family members and the society. Women exposed to DV not only have physical but also psychological damage. This study investigates prevalence of DV and its relations with some descriptive and clinical features in a psychiatric outpatient population in Turkey. A total of 277 female outpatients were included in the study. After a semistructured clinical interview, they were assessed by sociodemographic data form, DV questionnaire, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), and Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282342/-motor-symptoms-of-autoimmune-encephalopathies
#5
Yuichi Tashiro, Hiroshi Takashima
Autoimmune encephalopathies are clinically and immunologically heterogeneous disorders. At least 20 types of autoimmune encephalopathies have been discovered, with the most common type being Hashimoto encephalopathy. In clinical situations, we often observe that patients with autoimmune encephalopathy are misdiagnosed because they exhibit signs similar to those observed in functional psychogenic movement, conversion, or somatoform disorders. We clinically examined over 100 patients with autoimmune encephalopathy...
December 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273864/-testing-and-approach-when-non-organic-visual-loss-is-suspected
#6
Anna Sophie Mursch-Edlmayr, D Mojon, M Bolz
Approximately 5% of the patients in the ophthalmological practice suffer from non-organic vision loss. In children non-organic vision loss has been observed from the age of 6 years. In order to be able to make a rapid diagnosis knowledge of the relevant clinical tests is decisive. If a patient shows signs of non-organic visual loss, diagnostic externalization of the visual function is crucial. Depending on the symptoms there are various tests, which can be used to differentiate between organic and non-organic disorders...
December 22, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242985/increasing-risk-of-psychiatric-morbidity-after-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Daniel Dybdal, Janne S Tolstrup, Stine M Sildorf, Kirsten A Boisen, Jannet Svensson, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Grete K Teilmann
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychiatric morbidity following childhood onset of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a matched, population-based cohort study based on Danish national registers, we identified children and adolescents who had been diagnosed as an in- or outpatient with type 1 diabetes before the age of 18, and afterwards diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder (n = 5084). Control individuals were matched according to sex and date of birth (n = 35,588)...
December 14, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236245/-relevance-of-type-of-diagnosis-and-occupational-status-for-the-results-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation
#8
Friedrich Riffer, Manuel Sprung, Lore Streibl, Elmar Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: The specific effectiveness of psychiatric rehabilitation has been confirmed in numerous studies. Of particular interest is to what extend different results can be observed regarding the occupational status and type of mental illness of patients. Unemployment at the start of treatment is generally deemed to be a disadvantage for treatment outcome. Weaker treatment effects have also been reported for some types of mental illnesses, such as pain- und somatoform disorders. METHODS: Results from the evaluation of a sample of 2260 patients form the psychiatric rehabilitation clinic Gars am Kamp were analyzed, with regard to the occupational status and type of mental illness of patients...
December 13, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231597/-clinical-experience-of-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-persistent-somatoform-pain-disorder
#9
Jing Sun, Yi Liang, Chao Wang, Xiaomei Shao, Jianqiao Fang
The clinical manifestation and clinical diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture for persistent somatoform pain disorder (PSPD) were observed to explore its etiology. It is found that the causative factor of PSPD is probably relevant with pain memory induced by the negative emotions during the first attack of pain, which is in the category of "depression" in TCM. In clinical diagnosis, the medical history should be explored to discover the potential etiology and determine the diagnosis. In treatment, the root cause should be considered, focusing on mind and qi regulation and associating with analgesia...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213037/-interictal-dysphoric-disorder-a-current-state-of-the-problem
#10
G V Kustov, R G Akzhigitov, A V Lebedeva, K I Pochigayeva, A B Guekht
The authors present a clinical description of interictal dysphoric disorder in patients with epilepsy compared to other similar disorders. The comorbidities of epilepsy and affective disorders, including atypical forms, are reviewed. Clinical aspects of affective somatoform syndrome are discussed.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167050/insecure-attachment-style-and-cumulative-traumatic-life-events-in-patients-with-somatoform-pain-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yeliz Nacak, Eva Morawa, Daniela Tuffner, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVE: Current models assume somatoform pain disorder (SPD) to be the result of a complex interaction between bio- and psychosocial factors, but the etiology is still not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the distribution of attachment style and the frequency of traumatic life events, especially childhood adversities, in patients with SPD compared to healthy controls. METHODS: We compared 65 patients with SPD (confirmed by Structured Clinical Interview, SCID-I) to 65 age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163866/multidisciplinary-treatment-for-traumatized-refugees-in-a-naturalistic-setting-symptom-courses-and-predictors
#12
Nadine Stammel, Christine Knaevelsrud, Katrin Schock, Lena C S Walther, Mechthild Wenk-Ansohn, Maria Böttche
Background: Multidisciplinary treatment approaches are commonly used in specialized psychosocial centres for the treatment of traumatized refugees, but empirical evidence for their efficacy is inconsistent. Objective: In order to obtain more evidence on the development of mental health and well-being of traumatized refugees who receive multidisciplinary treatment, symptom courses of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, depression and somatoform symptoms as well as in the subjective quality of life were investigated in the course of a multidisciplinary treatment...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151850/relationships-between-catastrophic-thought-bodily-sensations-and-physical-symptoms
#13
Hiroshi Seto, Mutsuhiro Nakao
Background: Researchers have recently begun to seek cognitive explanations for physical symptoms with no obvious biological cause. Concepts such as somatization, somatosensory amplification, and somatosensory catastrophizing have been invoked to explain these phenomena. Somatosensory amplification occurs when these bodily sensations become stronger and more painful. Somatosensory catastrophizing is the tendency to attribute these bodily sensations to unbearable functional modulation or as signs of serious illness...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151093/munchausen-syndrome-and-the-wide-spectrum-of-factitious-disorders
#14
Laurent Tatu, Selma Aybek, Julien Bogousslavsky
Since its initial description in 1851, Munchausen syndrome has been widely used interchangeably with factitious disorder. Nevertheless, this syndrome is only one form of factitious disorder that is both severe and chronic. The syndrome was named after Karl Friedrich Hieronymus, Baron von Münchhausen (1720-1797), a German nobleman who became famous as a narrator of false and exaggerated exploits. His name was progressively corrupted to Munchausen. Factitious disorders and Munchausen syndrome remain a great diagnosis challenge for physicians...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151087/ganser-syndrome
#15
Sebastian Dieguez
Ganser's syndrome is a rare and controversial condition, whose main and most striking feature is the production of approximate answers (or near misses) to very simple questions. For instance, asked how many legs a horse has, Ganser patients will reply "5", and answers to plain arithmetic questions will likewise be wrong, but only slightly off the mark (e.g., 2 + 2 = 3). This symptom was originally described by Sigbert Ganser in 1897 in prisoners on remand and labeled Vorbeigehen ("to pass by"), although the term Vorbeireden ("to talk beside the point") is also frequently used...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141362/-evaluation-of-the-psychological-feature-and-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-somatic-symptoms-disorder-in-a-general-hospital
#16
F H Cui, N N Xiong, X Hong, Y P Duan, J Wei
Objective: To explore the psychological features and quality of life in outpatients with somatic symptoms disorder in a general hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2014-05 to 2015-06. Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and somatic symptoms disorder (SSD) were recruited from psychological outpatient department, and patients with peptic ulcer (PU) / reflux esophagitis (RE) were recruited from Gastroenterology. Depression scale of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Toronto Alexithymia scale (TAS), 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), items from Somatoform Disorder Screening Questionnaire were employed to evaluate the severity of depression, anxiety, alexithymia, quality of life, health care use and subjective feelings...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117869/frequency-of-use-of-the-international-classification-of-diseases-icd-10-diagnostic-categories-for-mental-and-behavioural-disorders-across-world-regions
#17
Y Faiad, B Khoury, S Daouk, M Maj, J Keeley, O Gureje, G Reed
AIMS: The study aimed to examine variations in the use of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10) diagnostic categories for mental and behavioural disorders across countries, regions and income levels using data from the online World Psychiatric Association (WPA)-World Health Organization (WHO) Global Survey that examined the attitudes of psychiatrists towards the classification of mental disorders. METHODS: A survey was sent to 46 psychiatric societies which are members of WPA...
November 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115965/operationalization-of-diagnostic-criteria-of-dsm-5-somatic-symptom-disorders
#18
Nana Xiong, Yaoyin Zhang, Jing Wei, Rainer Leonhart, Kurt Fritzsche, Ricarda Mewes, Xia Hong, Jinya Cao, Tao Li, Jing Jiang, Xudong Zhao, Lan Zhang, Rainer Schaefert
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the operationalization of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) psychological criteria among Chinese general hospital outpatients. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional study enrolled 491 patients from 10 general hospital outpatient departments. The structured clinical "interview about cognitive, affective, and behavioral features associated with somatic complaints" was used to operationalize the SSD criteria B. For comparison, DSM-IV somatoform disorders were assessed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview plus...
November 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093580/mental-condition-and-specificity-of-mental-disorders-in-a-group-of-workers-from-southern-poland-a-research-report
#19
Bernadetta Izydorczyk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to provide empirical evidence regarding types and increasing prevalence of mental disorders affecting Polish working population in the years 2014-2016. The research questions concerned the specific characteristics of the types of mental disorders and their prevalence as well as the differences between males and females. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Types of mental disorders were investigated using a clinical method, a structured interview, as well as medical record data gathered in the years 2014-2016 in one mental health treatment center...
October 30, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092782/psychopathological-constellation-in-patients-with-pnes-a-new-hypothesis
#20
Iolanda Martino, Antonella Bruni, Angelo Labate, Roberta Vasta, Antonio Cerasa, Giuseppe Borzì, Pasquale De Fazio, Antonio Gambardella
Depression symptoms have often reported in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), although the underlying psychopathological symptomatology has been poorly understood. Our aim was to compare constellations of psychological and behavioral disturbance in PNES with respect to patients with mild-major depressive disorder (MDD), hypothesizing that the construct of depression might be different in the two groups. Ten patients with PNES and ten sex-/age-matched patients with mild-MDD newly-diagnosed, were enrolled in this study...
October 29, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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