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Teaching psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042875/current-challenges-and-future-opportunities-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-japan
#1
REVIEW
Masaru Tateno, Takahiko Inagaki, Takuya Saito, Anthony P S Guerrero, Norbert Skokauskas
Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019115/what-do-final-year-medical-students-understand-by-the-concept-of-recovery-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#2
Giles Newton-Howes, Georgia Beverley, Pete M Ellis, Sarah Gordon, William Levack
OBJECTIVE: Traditional teaching in psychiatry does little to address recovery concepts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incorporation of a recovery-focused teaching program for medical students in psychiatry. METHODS: Recovery, as understood by medical students who had participated in a recovery-focused teaching program, was assessed by thematic analysis of recovery-focused assessment reflections. RESULTS: Six major themes emerged from the recovery reflections from final year medical students are as follows: (1) recovery as a person-centered approach, (2) the need for social integration, (3) non-diagnostic framing of mental illness, (4) tensions between the medical model and personal recovery, (5) a patient's willingness to engage with mental health services, and (6) the development of a positive sense of self...
October 10, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018555/teaching-provision-for-old-age-psychiatry-in-medical-schools-in-the-uk-and-ireland-a-survey
#3
Sophia Bennett, Poppy Ilderton, John T O'Brien, John-Paul Taylor, Andrew Teodorczuk
Aims and method This work builds on a survey first done in 1999 to understand how old age psychiatry teaching is embedded in undergraduate medical schools in the UK and Ireland and the influence of academic old age psychiatrists on teaching processes. We invited deans of 31 medical schools in the UK and Ireland in 2015 to complete an online survey to reassess the situation 16 years later. Results Response rate was 74%. As found in the original survey, there was variation across medical schools in how old age psychiatry is taught...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986778/students-learning-experiences-from-didactic-teaching-sessions-including-patient-case-examples-as-either-text-or-video-a-qualitative-study
#4
Kamilla Pedersen, Martin Holdgaard Moeller, Charlotte Paltved, Ole Mors, Charlotte Ringsted, Anne Mette Morcke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore medical students' learning experiences from the didactic teaching formats using either text-based patient cases or video-based patient cases with similar content. The authors explored how the two different patient case formats influenced students' perceptions of psychiatric patients and students' reflections on meeting and communicating with psychiatric patients. METHODS: The authors conducted group interviews with 30 medical students who volunteered to participate in interviews and applied inductive thematic content analysis to the transcribed interviews...
October 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976244/yorkshire-s-influence-on-the-understanding-and-treatment-of-mental-diseases-in-victorian-britain-the-golden-triad-of-york-wakefield-and-leeds
#5
Henry R Rollin, Edward H Reynolds
In the late-eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a more humane approach to the care of the insane in Britain was catalyzed in part by the illness of King George III. The Reform Movement envisaged "moral" treatment in asylums in pleasant rural environments, but these aspirations were overwhelmed by industrialization, urbanization, and the scale of the need, such that most asylums became gigantic institutions for chronic insanity. Three institutions in Yorkshire remained beacons of enlightenment in the general gloom of Victorian alienism: the Retreat in York founded and developed by the Quaker Tuke family; the West Riding Lunatic Asylum in Wakefield led by Sir James Crichton-Browne, which initiated research into brain and mental diseases; and the Leeds Medical School and Wakefield axis associated with Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt, which pioneered teaching of mental diseases and, later, the first Chair of Psychiatry...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971456/clinical-simulation-training-in-geriatric-medicine-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-lessons-for-training-in-psychiatry-of-old-age
#6
Christos Plakiotis
Clinical simulation encompasses a broad range of methods and techniques that allow clinical skills to be rehearsed and practiced away from the clinic before being applied to real patients. As such, preparation of doctors and other healthcare professionals for safe clinical practice is one of its main aims. The objective of this paper was to review the evidence regarding the use of clinical simulation training in geriatric medicine education and consider how the findings may be translated to education in the closely related field of psychiatry of old age...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967276/salt-in-the-soul-steel-in-the-eye-and-caution-towards-the-winds-a-mariner-s-guide-for-navigating-a-new-academic-psychiatry-department
#7
Jeffrey Cl Looi, Daniel Bonner, Paul Maguire, Raj Parige, Michael Tedeschi, Jeffrey C Cubis, Bjorn Cartledge, Philip Keightley, Rebecca E Reay, Peggy Craigie
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes principles and advice regarding the development of a new academic psychiatry department within a medical school for aspiring academic psychiatrists. We describe general principles based on the experience of the foundation of the Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine at the Australian National University Medical School. CONCLUSIONS: Perspicacious leadership and organisation are the foundation for an academic psychiatry department which delivers teaching, research and broader intellectual engagement with the medical and broader community...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929386/a-pre-post-evaluation-of-openminds-a-sustainable-peer-led-mental-health-literacy-programme-in-universities-and-secondary-schools
#8
Praveetha Patalay, Jennifer Annis, Helen Sharpe, Robbie Newman, Dominic Main, Thivvia Ragunathan, Mary Parkes, Kelly Clarke
Engaging young people in the design and delivery of mental health education could lead to more effective interventions; however, few of these interventions have been evaluated. This study aimed to gain preliminary evidence with regards to the efficacy and acceptability of OpenMinds: a peer-designed and facilitated mental health literacy programme for university and secondary school students. The programme involves a structured programme of education and training for university medical students, who then deliver workshops in secondary schools...
September 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927385/frontline-learning-of-medical-teaching-you-pick-up-as-you-go-through-work-and-practice
#9
W Hartford, L Nimmon, T Stenfors
BACKGROUND: Few medical teachers have received formal teaching education. Along with individual and organizational barriers to participation in teacher training programs, increasing numbers and altered distribution of physicians away from major teaching centers have increased the difficulty of attendance. Furthermore, it is not known if traditional faculty development formats are the optimal learning options given findings from existing studies document both positive and negative outcomes...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917392/description-of-a-multi-university-education-and-collaborative-care-child-psychiatry-access-program-new-york-state-s-cap-pc
#10
D L Kaye, V Fornari, M Scharf, W Fremont, R Zuckerbrot, C Foley, T Hargrave, B A Smith, J Wallace, G Blakeslee, J Petras, S Sengupta, J Singarayer, A Cogswell, I Bhatia, P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Although, child mental health problems are widespread, few get adequate treatment, and there is a severe shortage of child psychiatrists. To address this public health need many states have adopted collaborative care programs to assist primary care to better assess and manage pediatric mental health concerns. This report adds to the small literature on collaborative care programs and describes one large program that covers most of New York state. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: CAP PC, a component program of New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) Project TEACH, has provided education and consultation support to primary care providers covering most of New York state since 2010...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917190/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-dissociation-between-childhood-trauma-and-two-different-types-of-psychosis-like-experience
#11
Ji Young Choi
This study examined the roles of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms and dissociation in the relationship between childhood trauma and two different types of psychosis-like experience, including persecutory ideation and aberrant experience, in non-psychotic psychiatric patients. From August 2015 to August 2016, among psychiatric out patients seeking treatment at the Department of Psychiatry at a major teaching medical hospital in Seoul, Korea, 169 patients who had never been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, including schizophrenia spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, and/or depressive disorder with psychotic features, completed the Korean Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, the modified Korean version of the Peritraumatic Dissociation Experiences Questionnaire, and the Korean Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906605/the-state-of-sleep-medicine-education-in-north-american-psychiatry-residency-training-programs-in-2013-chief-resident-s-perspective
#12
Imran S Khawaja, Patricia J Dickmann, Thomas D Hurwitz, Paul D Thuras, Robert E Feinstein, Alan B Douglass, Elliott Kyung Lee
Objective: To assess the current state of sleep medicine educational resources and training offered by North American psychiatry residency programs. Methods: In June 2013, a 9-item peer-reviewed Sleep Medicine Training Survey was administered to 39 chief residents of psychiatry residency training programs during a meeting in New York. Results: Thirty-four percent of the participating programs offered an elective rotation in sleep medicine...
August 31, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898369/progress-in-teaching-psychiatry-adolf-meyer-m-d-baltimore
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882194/gps-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-specialists-experiences-of-joint-consultations-in-the-gp-s-office-a-qualitative-study
#14
Tori Guldahl Seierstad, Mette Brekke, Ingun Toftemo, Ole Rikard Haavet
BACKGROUND: The study is an exploration of a joint consultation model, a collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in Lillehammer, Norway. METHODS: A qualitative study based on two focus group interviews, one with participating GPs and one with participating specialists from the local CAMHS. Participants were five GPs, with work experience varying from 6 months to 20 years (four of them specialists in general medicine) and two CAMHS specialists-a psychiatrist and a psychologist-both with more than 20 years of experience...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852995/-key-topics-in-austrian-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-2007-2017
#15
Andreas Karwautz, Cvetka F Lipuš, Martin Fuchs
The medical speciality "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" exists since 2007. 2015 a new training regulation defined an increment to "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine". To document the achievements in research within the last 10 years for the first time, all papers listed in Pubmed and all books published by the member of the ÖGKJP were summarized. Additionally, the clinical/scientific key aspects of all large teaching centres were documented.All members of the ÖGKJP are scientifically active in various areas of child psychiatry...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834845/primary-care-residents-in-teaching-health-centers-their-intentions-to-practice-in-underserved-settings-after-residency-training
#16
Zohray Talib, Mariellen Malloy Jewers, Julia H Strasser, David K Popiel, Debora Goetz Goldberg, Candice Chen, Hayden Kepley, Fitzhugh Mullan, Marsha Regenstein
PURPOSE: To describe the residents who chose to train in teaching health centers (THCs), which are community-based ambulatory patient care sites that sponsor primary care residencies, and their intentions to practice in underserved settings. METHOD: The authors surveyed all THC residents training in academic years 2013-2014, 2014-2015, and 2015-2016, comparing their demographic characteristics with data available for residents nationally, and examined THC residents' intentions to practice in underserved settings using logistic regression analysis...
August 22, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806893/enhanced-primary-care-treatment-of-behavioral-disorders-with-echo-case-based-learning
#17
Miriam Komaromy, Judy Bartlett, Kathryn Manis, Sanjeev Arora
The Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) model offers a way for primary care providers to develop expertise in addressing behavioral health issues of primary care patients. It provides an alternative to traditional continuing medical education (CME) for ongoing training and support for health care providers. ECHO uses videoconferencing to connect multiple primary care teams simultaneously with academic specialists and builds capacity via mentorship and case-based learning. ECHO aims to expand access to care by developing capacity to treat common, complex conditions in underserved areas...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792580/-mental-health-in-primary-care-applying-psychiatric-knowledge-to-primary-care-or-a-whole-different-practice
#18
Philippe Karazivan, Marie Leclaire, Cédric Andres
BACKGROUND: In Canada and several other countries, large cohorts of patients who used to be followed in psychiatric clinics are now steered toward primary care. To support this new reality, measures have been taken and investments made in service organization, collaborative work arrangements, and teaching geared toward primary care clinicians. However, these initiatives were implemented when little was known about GPs' needs. METHODS: Using a qualitative approach, we analyzed the content of GPs' statements to explore when, why, and for what concerns GPs are inclined to collaborate with or seek advice from psychiatrists...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762507/increasing-physical-activity-for-veterans-in-the-mental-health-intensive-case-management-program-a-community-based-intervention
#19
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754157/why-did-you-choose-psychiatry-a-qualitative-study-of-psychiatry-trainees-investigating-the-impact-of-psychiatry-teaching-at-medical-school-on-career-choice
#20
A Appleton, S Singh, N Eady, M Buszewicz
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus regarding the optimal content of the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum as well as factors contributing to young doctors choosing a career in psychiatry. Our aim was to explore factors which had influenced psychiatry trainees' attitudes towards mental health and career choice. METHOD: Qualitative in-depth interviews with 21 purposively sampled London psychiatry trainees analysed using the Framework method. RESULTS: Early exposure and sufficient time in undergraduate psychiatry placements were important in influencing psychiatry as a career choice and positive role models were often very influential...
July 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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