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Teaching psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#1
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194682/psychopharmacology-prescribing-workshops-a-novel-method-for-teaching-psychiatry-residents-how-to-talk-to-patients-about-medications
#2
Eileen P Kavanagh, John Cahill, Melissa R Arbuckle, Alison E Lenet, Kalyani Subramanyam, Ronald M Winchel, Ilana Nossel, Ravi DeSilva, Rachel A Caravella, Marra Ackerman, Henry C Park, David A Ross
OBJECTIVE: Traditional, lecture-based methods of teaching pharmacology may not translate into the skills needed to communicate effectively with patients about medications. In response, the authors developed an interactive course for third-year psychiatry residents to reinforce prescribing skills. METHODS: Residents participate in a facilitated group discussion combined with a role-play exercise where they mock-prescribe medication to their peers. Each session is focused on one medication or class of medications with an emphasis on various aspects of informed consent (such as describing the indication, dosing, expected benefits, potential side effects, and necessary work-up and follow up)...
February 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194598/student-run-clinics-a-novel-approach-to-integrated-care-teaching-and-recruitment
#3
Liza I Mishan, Dianna Dragatsi
The purpose of this study is to assess the educational impact of incorporating a psychiatry consult service into a medical student-run clinic. In November 2014, a psychiatry consult service was introduced at the Columbia-Harlem Homeless Medical Partnership (CHHMP), a student-run clinic located in Harlem, New York. From September 2015 to January 2016, surveys (Qualtrics) were then distributed to student members of the clinic. Surveys assessed how the psychiatric consult service impacted students' knowledge, skills and attitudes about psychiatry...
February 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135806/the-value-of-a-registrar-psychotherapy-post-to-psychiatry-training
#5
Gabriel Feiler, Denis O'Loughlin, Eugen Koh, Josephine Beatson, Ed Harari
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the psychotherapy registrar position developed at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne in response to the Australian Government's Specialist Training Position initiative of 2009. This impressionistic piece outlines features of the registrar's clinical work, supervision and professional development. This paper will focus on: 1) the history of the position; 2) its developmental function embedded within the clinical responsibilities of the role; 3) how this position is different from the existing Royal and Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatry psychotherapy training requirements; and 4) infrastructure issues of the position...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093938/capacity-and-consent
#6
Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart, Mary Chiarella
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare practitioners have a legal, ethical and professional obligation to obtain patient consent for all healthcare treatments. There is increasing evidence which suggests dissonance and variation in practice in assessment of decision-making capacity and consent processes. AIMS: This study explores healthcare practitioners' knowledge and practices of assessing decision-making capacity and obtaining patient consent to treatment in the acute generalist setting...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053132/varieties-of-voice-hearing-psychics-and-the-psychosis-continuum
#7
Albert R Powers, Megan S Kelley, Philip R Corlett
Hearing voices that are not present is a prominent symptom of serious mental illness. However, these experiences may be common in the non-help-seeking population, leading some to propose the existence of a continuum of psychosis from health to disease. Thus far, research on this continuum has focused on what is impaired in help-seeking groups. Here we focus on protective factors in non-help-seeking voice-hearers. We introduce a new study population: clairaudient psychics who receive daily auditory messages...
January 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041692/neurofeedback-one-of-today-s-techniques-in-psychiatry
#8
M Arns, J-M Batail, S Bioulac, M Congedo, C Daudet, D Drapier, T Fovet, R Jardri, M Le-Van-Quyen, F Lotte, D Mehler, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, D Purper-Ouakil, F Vialatte
OBJECTIVES: Neurofeedback is a technique that aims to teach a subject to regulate a brain parameter measured by a technical interface to modulate his/her related brain and cognitive activities. However, the use of neurofeedback as a therapeutic tool for psychiatric disorders remains controversial. The aim of this review is to summarize and to comment the level of evidence of electroencephalogram (EEG) neurofeedback and real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) neurofeedback for therapeutic application in psychiatry...
December 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028738/risk-and-resilience-factors-associated-with-resident-burnout
#9
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: We investigated hypothesized risk and resilience factors and their association with burnout in first year medicine and psychiatry residents at an urban teaching hospital in order to help guide the development of interventions targeted at reducing burnout. METHODS: We administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Perceived Stress Scale-10, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (depression symptoms), Revised Life Orientation Test (optimism), Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale, Interpersonal Reactivity Index Perspective-Taking Scale (empathy), and Measure of Current Status-Part A to first year medicine and psychiatry residents prior to initiation of clinical rotations in June...
December 27, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018534/does-psychological-safety-impact-the-clinical-learning-environment-for-resident-physicians-results-from-the-va-s-learners-perceptions-survey
#10
Karina D Torralba, Lawrence K Loo, John M Byrne, Samuel Baz, Grant W Cannon, Sheri A Keitz, Annie B Wicker, Steven S Henley, T Michael Kashner
BACKGROUND : Psychological safety (PS) is the perception that it is safe to take interpersonal risks in the work environment. In teaching hospitals, PS may influence the clinical learning environment for trainees. OBJECTIVE : We assessed whether resident physicians believe they are psychologically safe, and if PS is associated with how they rate satisfaction with their clinical learning experience. METHODS : Data were extracted from the Learners' Perceptions Survey (LPS) of residents who rotated through a Department of Veterans Affairs health care facility for academic years 2011-2014...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969065/cross-cultural-variations-in-psychiatrists-perception-of-mental-illness-a-tool-for-teaching-culture-in-psychiatry
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jhilam Biswas, B N Gangadhar, Matcheri Keshavan
A frequent debate in psychiatry is to what extent major psychiatric diagnoses are universal versus unique across cultures. We sought to identify cultural variations between psychiatrists' diagnostic practices of mental illness in Boston Massachusetts and Bangalore, India. We surveyed psychiatrists to identify differences in how frequently symptoms appear in major mental illness in two culturally and geographically different cities. Indian psychiatrists found somatic symptoms like pain, sleep and appetite to be significantly more important in depression and violent and aggressive behavior to be significantly more common in mania than did American psychiatrists...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#12
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882519/integration-of-basic-and-clinical-science-in-the-psychiatry-clerkship
#13
Kirsten M Wilkins, David Moore, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Gregory W Briscoe
OBJECTIVE: Integration of basic and clinical science is a key component of medical education reform, yet best practices have not been identified. The authors compared two methods of basic and clinical science integration in the psychiatry clerkship. METHODS: Two interventions aimed at integrating basic and clinical science were implemented and compared in a dementia conference: flipped curriculum and coteaching by clinician and physician-scientist. The authors surveyed students following each intervention...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879425/clinical-teaching-and-supervision-in-postgraduate-psychiatry-training-the-trainee-perspective
#14
Alice Stephan, Gary Cheung
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore psychiatry trainees' perspectives on clinical teaching and supervision as well as how this might be improved. METHOD: New Zealand trainees (n=51) completed online the Maastricht Clinical Teaching Questionnaire (MCQT) and three open-ended questions. RESULTS: The majority rated 'agree' or 'strongly agree' to all items of the MCQT. Weaknesses in the feedback process including observation, feedback provision, and formulating learning goals were highlighted...
November 22, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856767/suicidal-thinking-and-behaviour-as-of-600-bce-aesop-s-fables
#15
Julian Davis, Tammie T Money, Saxby Pridmore
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry has ignored history, anthropology, sociology and literature in the search for enlightenment regarding suicide. Our objective was to determine what, if anything, Aesop's fables had to teach us about suicide in around 600 BCE. Aesop's account is around two centuries older than the oldest text (Herodotus: The histories) previously examined by our group. METHOD: We examined two translations of Aesop's fables, seeking accounts fitting the following categories: (1) suicidal thinking, (2) suicidal behaviour without fatal consequences, and (3) suicidal behaviour with fatal consequences...
November 17, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843859/a-study-to-find-depression-in-patients-attending-dermatological-opd-in-a-teaching-hospital
#16
Abhinit Kumar, Kunal Kumar, Praneta Swarup, Shitiz Goel, Abhay Singh Tomar
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between skin and the brain exists because the brain, as the center of psychological functions, and the skin have the same ectodermal origin and are affected by the same hormones and neurotransmitters. Skin disorder can be a potential source of emotional distress and psychiatric illness leading to impaired psychosocial adjustments. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim and objective of this study was to find psychiatric depression in patients attending dermatology outpatient department (OPD)...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837452/catatonia-education-needs-assessment-and-brief-online-intervention
#17
Joseph J Cooper, Joan Roig Llesuy
OBJECTIVES: There are no studies investigating physicians' knowledge of catatonia. The authors aimed to assess and increase physicians' awareness of catatonia. METHODS: A survey with clinical questions about catatonia was administered, followed by a brief online teaching module about catatonia and a post-education survey. RESULTS: Twenty-one psychiatry residents (response rate, 70%) and 36 internal medicine residents (response rate, 34%) participated in the pre-education survey...
November 11, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796921/training-psychiatry-residents-in-professionalism-in-the-digital-world
#18
REVIEW
Nadyah Janine John, P G Shelton, Michael C Lang, Jennifer Ingersoll
Professionalism is an abstract concept which makes it difficult to define, assess and teach. An additional layer of complexity is added when discussing professionalism in the context of digital technology, the internet and social media - the digital world. Current physicians-in-training (residents and fellows) are digital natives having been raised in a digital, media saturated world. Consequently, their use of digital technology and social media has been unconstrained - a reflection of it being integral to their social construct and identity...
October 29, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783312/educational-scholarship-and-technology-resources-for-a-changing-undergraduate-medical-education-curriculum
#19
REVIEW
Brandon N Kyle, Irma Corral, Nadyah Janine John, P G Shelton
Returning to the original emphasis of higher education, universities have increasingly recognized the value and scholarship of teaching, and medical schools have been part of this educational scholarship movement. At the same time, the preferred learning styles of a new generation of medical students and advancements in technology have driven a need to incorporate technology into psychiatry undergraduate medical education (UGME). Educators need to understand how to find, access, and utilize such educational technology...
October 26, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779291/-the-tasks-and-aims-of-hospital-psychiatry-today-and-in-the-future
#20
A Honig, D Sierink, B Verwey
Care provided by consultation-liaison (CL) psychiatry and general hospital (GH) psychiatry varies widely. This means that certain services are almost unrecognisable and therefore less readily available to patients. <br/> AIM: To describe the core tasks of current CL- and GH-psychiatry care and to suggest how these tasks can best be performed and developed in the future.<br/> METHOD: We conducted a selective review of relevant CL- and GH-related literature and combined the information we obtained with the results of a consultation with CL-psychiatrists about how CL- and GL psychiatry should function in the future...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
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