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Teaching psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240556/crazy-making-the-institutional-relations-of-undergraduate-nursing-in-the-reproduction-of-biomedical-psychiatry
#1
Simon Adam
Undergraduate mental health nursing education has been extensively discussed among nursing scholars, educators, and curriculum experts. While various perspectives have weighed in on mental health nursing education in Canada, little attention has been paid to understanding the relationship between biomedical psychiatry and undergraduate nursing education. Using institutional ethnography, this article examines the social and textual relations which characterize this relationship. Beginning in the everyday teaching and learning work of faculty members and nursing students in a collaborative baccalaureate nursing program, the social organization of mental health nursing education is explicated and the textual processes are outlined...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238687/status-of-otorhinolaryngology-as-specialty-of-choice-among-female-medical-graduates
#2
Sunil Garg, Rubeena Arora, Sunil Kumar, Gautam Bir Singh
Specialty choices among medical graduates have undergone changes over time. We aimed to analyze status of otorhinolaryngology as specialty of choice among female medical graduates and factors affecting it. A total of 123 female medical graduates were surveyed during their internship over a period of 1 year in a tertiary-care hospital. Each intern was assessed using a questionnaire at the end of otorhinolaryngology rotation. The survey included nine questions about future career choices with special focus on ENT as a choice for specialization...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234513/systematic-review-into-factors-associated-with-the-recruitment-crisis-in-psychiatry-in-the-uk-students-trainees-and-consultants-views
#3
REVIEW
Abid Choudry, Saeed Farooq
Aims and method To review the literature to examine the factors that may be affecting recruitment into psychiatry in the UK. We systematically searched four databases to identify studies from 1974 to 2016 and identified 27 papers that met the specified inclusion criteria. Results Most papers (n = 24) were based on questionnaire surveys. The population in all studies comprised of 1879 psychiatrists, 6733 students and 220 746 trainees. About 4-7% of students opt for a career in psychiatry. Enrichment activities helped to attract students more towards psychiatry than just total time spent in the specialty...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233149/advances-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-germany-a-quasi-experimental-single-blinded-study-to-evaluate-a-patient-centred-clinical-pharmacy-course-in-psychiatry
#4
Monika Dircks, Andreas Mayr, Annette Freidank, Johannes Kornhuber, Frank Dörje, Kristina Friedland
BACKGROUND: The pharmacy profession has shifted towards patient-centred care. To meet the new challenges it is necessary to provide students with clinical competencies. A quasi-experimental single-blinded teaching and learning study was carried out using a parallel-group design to evaluate systematically the benefits of clinical teaching in pharmacy education in Germany. METHODS: A clinical pharmacy course on a psychiatric ward was developed and implemented for small student groups...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205739/the-use-of-psychiatry-focused-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-search-and-review
#5
REVIEW
Amanda D Vandyk, Michelle Lalonde, Sabrina Merali, Erica Wright, Irmajean Bajnok, Barbara Davies
Evidence on the use of simulation to teach psychiatry and mental health (including addiction) content is emerging, yet no summary of the implementation processes or associated outcomes exists. The aim of this study was to systematically search and review empirical literature on the use of psychiatry-focused simulation in undergraduate nursing education. Objectives were to (i) assess the methodological quality of existing evidence on the use of simulation to teach mental health content to undergraduate nursing students, (ii) describe the operationalization of the simulations, and (iii) summarize the associated quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204755/teaching-empathy-the-implementation-of-a-video-game-into-a-psychiatry-clerkship-curriculum
#6
Andrew Chen, Jessie J Hanna, Adithya Manohar, Anthony Tobia
OBJECTIVE: Empathy plays an important role for physicians, but the literature demonstrates that it often deteriorates during medical school. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of the interactive video game "That Dragon, Cancer" as a tool to teach empathy to third-year medical students. METHODS: The authors gave a modified, Jefferson Scales of Physician Empathy (JSPE) to 84 third-year medical students in their psychiatry clerkship before and after they played and completed "That Dragon, Cancer" during the 2016-2017 academic calendar year...
December 4, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192410/simulating-clinical-psychiatry-for-medical-students-a-comprehensive-clinic-simulator-with-virtual-patients-and-an-electronic-medical-record-system
#7
Yoshihito Matsumura, Hideto Shinno, Takahiro Mori, Yu Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: A number of programs representing virtual patients for use in teaching settings have been developed in the field of psychiatry; however, they simulate only the interview process, not the entire scope of treatment. The authors have developed software through which students can experience the practice of psychiatry (in particular, with dementia patients) in its entirety. This study compares this software with conventional learning methods. METHOD: The control group was 43 fifth-year medical students in 2014 who studied using a conventional learning method (taking lectures and being in contact with actual patients)...
November 30, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181657/fitness-for-duty-assessments-teaching-forensic-psychiatry-fellows-best-practices-in-workplace-safety-consultation
#8
Jessica Ferranti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117427/impact-of-a-nursing-in-psychiatry-course-on-students-attitudes-toward-mental-health-disorders
#9
Goran Arbanas, Dina Bosnjak, Tamara Sabo
Negative attitudes toward patients with mental illnesses are not uncommon among health professionals, and lead to poorer quality and outcomes of care. Because attitudes are formed early in life, the current study aimed to investigate if teaching psychiatry in secondary school nursing students (i.e., adolescents) changes attitudes toward three prevalent psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression. A pilot quasi-experimental study was conducted with 51 fourth-year students in secondary nursing school who completed a questionnaire regarding attitudes toward these disorders on the first and last day of their Nursing in Psychiatry course...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109559/curriculum-in-psychiatry-and-neurology-for-pharmacy-programs
#10
Julie A Dopheide, Jolene R Bostwick, Lisa W Goldstone, Kelan Thomas, Ruth Nemire, Kelly N Gable, Marshall Cates, Joshua Caballero, Tawny Smith, Jacquelyn Bainbridge
Objective. To describe pharmacy curricula in psychiatry and neurology and to report on neuropsychiatric pharmacy specialists' views on optimal curriculum. Methods. Design and administer one electronic survey to accredited pharmacy programs asking them to report information on curricula in psychiatry and neurology for the 2014-2015 academic year. Design and administer a separate electronic survey to board certified pharmacists with an academic affiliation who are members of the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists (CPNP) asking about their teaching activities and their opinion on optimal curricula...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098597/smart-r-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-a-resilience-curriculum-for-residents-by-residents
#11
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a resident-led resiliency curriculum developed by residents, for residents. METHODS: The Stress Management and Resiliency Training Program for Residents (SMART-R) is a 6-h group-based curriculum that teaches meditation, behavioral skills, and positive perspective-taking strategies. SMART-R was implemented for all medicine and psychiatry interns at a large US teaching hospital during the first 6 months of internship...
November 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065810/teaching-health-care-trainees-empathy-and-homelessness-iq-through-service-learning-reflective-practice-and-altruistic-attribution
#12
Leanne Chrisman-Khawam, Neelab Abdullah, Arjun Dhoopar
This article describes a novel inter-professional curriculum designed to address the needs of homeless patients in a Midwestern region of the United States which has high rates of poverty. The curriculum is intended for healthcare trainees coming from undergraduate pre-medical programs, nursing, pharmacy, social work, clinical psychology, medical school and post-graduate medical training in family medicine, medicine-pediatrics, and psychiatry. The clinical component is specifically designed to reach destitute patients and the curriculum is structured to reverse commonly held myths about homelessness among the trainees, thereby improving their Homelessness Information Quotient, the ability to more fully understand homelessness...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042875/current-challenges-and-future-opportunities-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-japan
#13
REVIEW
Masaru Tateno, Takahiko Inagaki, Takuya Saito, Anthony P S Guerrero, Norbert Skokauskas
Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019115/what-do-final-year-medical-students-understand-by-the-concept-of-recovery-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#14
Giles Newton-Howes, Georgia Beverley, Pete M Ellis, Sarah Gordon, William Levack
OBJECTIVE: Traditional teaching in psychiatry does little to address recovery concepts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incorporation of a recovery-focused teaching program for medical students in psychiatry. METHODS: Recovery, as understood by medical students who had participated in a recovery-focused teaching program, was assessed by thematic analysis of recovery-focused assessment reflections. RESULTS: Six major themes emerged from the recovery reflections from final year medical students are as follows: (1) recovery as a person-centered approach, (2) the need for social integration, (3) non-diagnostic framing of mental illness, (4) tensions between the medical model and personal recovery, (5) a patient's willingness to engage with mental health services, and (6) the development of a positive sense of self...
October 10, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018555/teaching-provision-for-old-age-psychiatry-in-medical-schools-in-the-uk-and-ireland-a-survey
#15
Sophia Bennett, Poppy Ilderton, John T O'Brien, John-Paul Taylor, Andrew Teodorczuk
Aims and method This work builds on a survey first done in 1999 to understand how old age psychiatry teaching is embedded in undergraduate medical schools in the UK and Ireland and the influence of academic old age psychiatrists on teaching processes. We invited deans of 31 medical schools in the UK and Ireland in 2015 to complete an online survey to reassess the situation 16 years later. Results Response rate was 74%. As found in the original survey, there was variation across medical schools in how old age psychiatry is taught...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986778/students-learning-experiences-from-didactic-teaching-sessions-including-patient-case-examples-as-either-text-or-video-a-qualitative-study
#16
Kamilla Pedersen, Martin Holdgaard Moeller, Charlotte Paltved, Ole Mors, Charlotte Ringsted, Anne Mette Morcke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore medical students' learning experiences from the didactic teaching formats using either text-based patient cases or video-based patient cases with similar content. The authors explored how the two different patient case formats influenced students' perceptions of psychiatric patients and students' reflections on meeting and communicating with psychiatric patients. METHODS: The authors conducted group interviews with 30 medical students who volunteered to participate in interviews and applied inductive thematic content analysis to the transcribed interviews...
October 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976244/yorkshire-s-influence-on-the-understanding-and-treatment-of-mental-diseases-in-victorian-britain-the-golden-triad-of-york-wakefield-and-leeds
#17
Henry R Rollin, Edward H Reynolds
In the late-eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a more humane approach to the care of the insane in Britain was catalyzed in part by the illness of King George III. The Reform Movement envisaged "moral" treatment in asylums in pleasant rural environments, but these aspirations were overwhelmed by industrialization, urbanization, and the scale of the need, such that most asylums became gigantic institutions for chronic insanity. Three institutions in Yorkshire remained beacons of enlightenment in the general gloom of Victorian alienism: the Retreat in York founded and developed by the Quaker Tuke family; the West Riding Lunatic Asylum in Wakefield led by Sir James Crichton-Browne, which initiated research into brain and mental diseases; and the Leeds Medical School and Wakefield axis associated with Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt, which pioneered teaching of mental diseases and, later, the first Chair of Psychiatry...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971456/clinical-simulation-training-in-geriatric-medicine-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-lessons-for-training-in-psychiatry-of-old-age
#18
Christos Plakiotis
Clinical simulation encompasses a broad range of methods and techniques that allow clinical skills to be rehearsed and practiced away from the clinic before being applied to real patients. As such, preparation of doctors and other healthcare professionals for safe clinical practice is one of its main aims. The objective of this paper was to review the evidence regarding the use of clinical simulation training in geriatric medicine education and consider how the findings may be translated to education in the closely related field of psychiatry of old age...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967276/salt-in-the-soul-steel-in-the-eye-and-caution-towards-the-winds-a-mariner-s-guide-for-navigating-a-new-academic-psychiatry-department
#19
Jeffrey Cl Looi, Daniel Bonner, Paul Maguire, Raj Parige, Michael Tedeschi, Jeffrey C Cubis, Bjorn Cartledge, Philip Keightley, Rebecca E Reay, Peggy Craigie
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes principles and advice regarding the development of a new academic psychiatry department within a medical school for aspiring academic psychiatrists. We describe general principles based on the experience of the foundation of the Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine at the Australian National University Medical School. CONCLUSIONS: Perspicacious leadership and organisation are the foundation for an academic psychiatry department which delivers teaching, research and broader intellectual engagement with the medical and broader community...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929386/a-pre-post-evaluation-of-openminds-a-sustainable-peer-led-mental-health-literacy-programme-in-universities-and-secondary-schools
#20
Praveetha Patalay, Jennifer Annis, Helen Sharpe, Robbie Newman, Dominic Main, Thivvia Ragunathan, Mary Parkes, Kelly Clarke
Engaging young people in the design and delivery of mental health education could lead to more effective interventions; however, few of these interventions have been evaluated. This study aimed to gain preliminary evidence with regards to the efficacy and acceptability of OpenMinds: a peer-designed and facilitated mental health literacy programme for university and secondary school students. The programme involves a structured programme of education and training for university medical students, who then deliver workshops in secondary schools...
November 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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