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Teaching psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527235/implementing-the-icf-in-occupational-health-building-a-curriculum-as-an-exemplary-case
#1
C P M de Brouwer, L G P M van Amelsvoort, Y F Heerkens, G A M Widdershoven, I J Kant
BACKGROUND: This paper addresses the need for a paradigm shift from post-diagnosis tertiary care towards maintenance and promotion of health across the lifespan, for healthcare in general and in occupational healthcare specifically. It is based on the assumption that the realization of this paradigm shift may be facilitated by teaching (future) occupational health professionals to use the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). OBJECTIVE: Describing the development of a an ICF based occupational health curriculum...
May 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#2
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479895/referral-letters-to-the-psychiatrist-in-nigeria-is-communication-adequate
#3
Oluyomi Esan, Oluremi Oladele
OBJECTIVE: Over half of patients with psychiatric disorders are first seen by primary care physicians before referral to the psychiatrist. An efficient referral system is, therefore, important to offering quality care to such patients. Communication between physicians is often sub-optimal and referral letters to specialists sometimes provide inadequate information. The current study's aim was to observe the prevalence of deficiencies in the referral letters to a department of psychiatry in a Nigerian teaching hospital...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440719/a-case-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-the-use-of-innovative-approaches-in-designing-and-developing-a-case-on-mental-health
#4
Athanasios Hassoulas, Elizabeth Forty, Mathew Hoskins, James Walters, Stephen Riley
The introduction of case-based learning (CBL) by the School of Medicine at Cardiff University has encouraged innovation in medical teaching and learning. During years one and two of the modernized MBBCh program, students complete 17 cases as part of the newly developed C21 curriculum that emphasizes a patient-oriented and student-centered approach to learning. The mental health case, which is presented in year 2, incorporates a number of novel teaching resources that aim to enhance the students' learning experience and to further reinforce the patient-oriented and community-based philosophy of C21...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358239/training-on-the-dsm-5-cultural-formulation-interview-improves-cultural-competence-in-general-psychiatry-residents-a-pilot-study
#5
Stacia Mills, Anna Q Xiao, Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Russell Lim, Francis G Lu
The objective of this study was to assess whether a 1-hour didactic session on the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) improves the cultural competence of general psychiatry residents. The main hypothesis was that teaching adult psychiatry residents a 1-hour session on the CFI would improve cultural competence. The exploratory hypothesis was that trainees with more experience in cultural diversity would have a greater increase in cultural competency scores. Psychiatry residents at a metropolitan, county hospital completed demographics and preintervention questionnaires, were exposed to a 1-hour session on the CFI, and were given a postintervention questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350150/-burn-out-commitment-personality-and-experiences-during-work-and-training-survey-among-psychiatry-residents
#6
R Krebs, A L Ewalds, P T van der Heijden, E J M Penterman, K P Grootens
BACKGROUND: In the last few years international studies have reported on increase in burn-out and depressive symptoms among psychiatry residents. In the field of research, however, commitment and dedication are now being mentioned more frequently as positive factors that counterbalance burn-out. AIM: To find out how a group of Dutch psychiatry residents feel about their work, to discover their degree of burn-out and commitment and to clarify the various factors involved...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306138/john-a-hartford-foundation-centers-of-excellence-program-history-impact-and-legacy
#7
David B Reuben, Daniel B Kaplan, Odette van der Willik, Nora O Brien-Suric
The John A. Hartford Foundation (JAHF) created the Centers of Excellence in Geriatric Medicine and Geriatric Psychiatry in 1988 with the goal of establishing academic training environments to increase geriatrics-trained faculty. The initiative identified medical schools with the necessary components for training academic geriatricians. JAHF grants provided the resources to create a cadre of physicians whose research, teaching and practice leads to substantial contributions in geriatrics. Results from two evaluations show that the program has successfully increased geriatrics-prepared faculty who have achieved promotion and institutional retention, success in winning competitive research grants, and positions of leadership...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287191/-history-of-clinical-psychiatry-of-sapienza-university-of-rome-in-policlinico-umberto-i
#8
Maria Antonietta Coccanari De' Fornari, Angela Iannitelli, Massimo Biondi
The present article intends to go over the history of the Psychiatric Clinic of the Sapienza University of Rome, starting from the beginning of the teaching of Psychiatry at Santa Maria della Pietà mental hospital, back in 1871, to the eventual founding, at the University "La Sapienza" and the Umberto I general hospital, of the Institute of Psychiatric Clinic and next of the Nervous and Mental Diseases' Clinic with the enclosed specialization school in Psychiatry. A detailed overview is supplied on the characters of the eminent scientists who have succeeded over time at the head of the Clinic and on the description of its different organization, conceived by each of them because of their educational and cultural roots...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284147/why-is-psychiatric-nursing-not-the-preferred-option-for-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study-examining-pre-nursing-and-nursing-school-factors
#9
Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Huiting Xie, Jia Wang, Ying Wen Lau, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of nurses working in the mental health field globally. The aim of the present study was to examine Singapore nursing students' attitudes towards specializing in psychiatric nursing by examining the pre-nursing and nursing school factors as well as attitudes towards psychiatry and personality traits. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted with 500 nursing students from four nursing institutions in Singapore. Students' attitudes towards psychiatry (ATP-18), perception of psychiatric nursing career aspects relative to other fields, and personality traits (mini-IPIP) were assessed...
February 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255854/six-things-all-medical-students-need-to-know-about-geriatric-psychiatry-and-how-to-teach-them
#10
Kirsten M Wilkins, Mary C Blazek, William B Brooks, Susan W Lehmann, Dennis Popeo, Deborah Wagenaar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251613/psychoanalytic-training-experience-and-postgraduate-professional-development-part-ii
#11
Jorge Schneider, Douglas Wilkerson, Brenda Solomon, Caryle Perlman, Denise Duval, Dennis Shelby, Molly Witten
This exploratory study looks at the training and postgraduate experience of the 2008-2014 graduates of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. It follows our former study of all living graduates through the year 2007 (Schneider et al., 2014). The survey developed and used in the first study, with a few additional questions added to increase our understanding of the training experience, was sent to 38 graduates with a return rate of 58%. As with the first survey, graduates were invited to assess, among other training experiences, their training analysis, classroom work, and supervision, and to tell of their post-graduation involvement in teaching, supervising, study groups and other professional endeavors...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249946/what-lord-of-the-flies-teaches-us-about-primitive-defence-mechanisms-and-societal-discontent-psychiatry-in-literature
#12
Ruchi Bhalla, Christopher Kowalski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243463/use-of-empathy-in-psychiatric-practice-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#13
James Ross, Chris Watling
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has faced significant criticism for overreliance on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and medications with purported disregard for empathetic, humanistic interventions. AIMS: To develop an empirically based qualitative theory explaining how psychiatrists use empathy in day-to-day practice, to inform practice and teaching approaches. METHOD: This study used constructivist grounded theory methodology to ask (a) 'How do psychiatrists understand and use empathetic engagement in the day-to-day practice of psychiatry?' and (b) 'How do psychiatrists learn and teach the skills of empathetic engagement?' The authors interviewed 17 academic psychiatrists and 4 residents and developed a theory by iterative coding of the collected data...
January 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236053/almost-psychiatry-the-impact-of-teaching-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-studies-to-undergraduate-college-students
#14
Ursula Diamond, Christina A Di Bartolo, Emily Badin, Jess P Shatkin
OBJECTIVE: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies (CAMS) program is housed in a Liberal Arts undergraduate college of a large research university. Psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and social workers at the university's medical center teach the courses. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which CAMS encourages graduates of the program to pursue a career in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH). METHODS: In 2015-2016, graduates of the CAMS program were invited to participate in a mixed methods study...
February 24, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#15
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194682/psychopharmacology-prescribing-workshops-a-novel-method-for-teaching-psychiatry-residents-how-to-talk-to-patients-about-medications
#16
Eileen P Kavanagh, John Cahill, Melissa R Arbuckle, Alison E Lenet, Kalyani Subramanyam, Ronald M Winchel, Ilana Nossel, Ravi DeSilva, Rachel A Caravella, Marra Ackerman, Henry C Park, David A Ross
OBJECTIVE: Traditional, lecture-based methods of teaching pharmacology may not translate into the skills needed to communicate effectively with patients about medications. In response, the authors developed an interactive course for third-year psychiatry residents to reinforce prescribing skills. METHODS: Residents participate in a facilitated group discussion combined with a role-play exercise where they mock-prescribe medication to their peers. Each session is focused on one medication or class of medications with an emphasis on various aspects of informed consent (such as describing the indication, dosing, expected benefits, potential side effects, and necessary work-up and follow up)...
February 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194598/student-run-clinics-a-novel-approach-to-integrated-care-teaching-and-recruitment
#17
Liza I Mishan, Dianna Dragatsi
The purpose of this study is to assess the educational impact of incorporating a psychiatry consult service into a medical student-run clinic. In November 2014, a psychiatry consult service was introduced at the Columbia-Harlem Homeless Medical Partnership (CHHMP), a student-run clinic located in Harlem, New York. From September 2015 to January 2016, surveys (Qualtrics) were then distributed to student members of the clinic. Surveys assessed how the psychiatric consult service impacted students' knowledge, skills and attitudes about psychiatry...
February 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135806/the-value-of-a-registrar-psychotherapy-post-to-psychiatry-training
#19
Gabriel Feiler, Denis O'Loughlin, Eugen Koh, Josephine Beatson, Ed Harari
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the psychotherapy registrar position developed at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne in response to the Australian Government's Specialist Training Position initiative of 2009. This impressionistic piece outlines features of the registrar's clinical work, supervision and professional development. This paper will focus on: 1) the history of the position; 2) its developmental function embedded within the clinical responsibilities of the role; 3) how this position is different from the existing Royal and Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatry psychotherapy training requirements; and 4) infrastructure issues of the position...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093938/capacity-and-consent
#20
Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart, Mary Chiarella
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare practitioners have a legal, ethical and professional obligation to obtain patient consent for all healthcare treatments. There is increasing evidence which suggests dissonance and variation in practice in assessment of decision-making capacity and consent processes. AIMS: This study explores healthcare practitioners' knowledge and practices of assessing decision-making capacity and obtaining patient consent to treatment in the acute generalist setting...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
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