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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053132/varieties-of-voice-hearing-psychics-and-the-psychosis-continuum
#1
Albert R Powers, Megan S Kelley, Philip R Corlett
Hearing voices that are not present is a prominent symptom of serious mental illness. However, these experiences may be common in the non-help-seeking population, leading some to propose the existence of a continuum of psychosis from health to disease. Thus far, research on this continuum has focused on what is impaired in help-seeking groups. Here we focus on protective factors in non-help-seeking voice-hearers. We introduce a new study population: clairaudient psychics who receive daily auditory messages...
January 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041692/neurofeedback-one-of-today-s-techniques-in-psychiatry
#2
M Arns, J-M Batail, S Bioulac, M Congedo, C Daudet, D Drapier, T Fovet, R Jardri, M Le-Van-Quyen, F Lotte, D Mehler, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, D Purper-Ouakil, F Vialatte
OBJECTIVES: Neurofeedback is a technique that aims to teach a subject to regulate a brain parameter measured by a technical interface to modulate his/her related brain and cognitive activities. However, the use of neurofeedback as a therapeutic tool for psychiatric disorders remains controversial. The aim of this review is to summarize and to comment the level of evidence of electroencephalogram (EEG) neurofeedback and real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) neurofeedback for therapeutic application in psychiatry...
December 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028738/risk-and-resilience-factors-associated-with-resident-burnout
#3
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: We investigated hypothesized risk and resilience factors and their association with burnout in first year medicine and psychiatry residents at an urban teaching hospital in order to help guide the development of interventions targeted at reducing burnout. METHODS: We administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Perceived Stress Scale-10, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (depression symptoms), Revised Life Orientation Test (optimism), Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale, Interpersonal Reactivity Index Perspective-Taking Scale (empathy), and Measure of Current Status-Part A to first year medicine and psychiatry residents prior to initiation of clinical rotations in June...
December 27, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018534/does-psychological-safety-impact-the-clinical-learning-environment-for-resident-physicians-results-from-the-va-s-learners-perceptions-survey
#4
Karina D Torralba, Lawrence K Loo, John M Byrne, Samuel Baz, Grant W Cannon, Sheri A Keitz, Annie B Wicker, Steven S Henley, T Michael Kashner
BACKGROUND : Psychological safety (PS) is the perception that it is safe to take interpersonal risks in the work environment. In teaching hospitals, PS may influence the clinical learning environment for trainees. OBJECTIVE : We assessed whether resident physicians believe they are psychologically safe, and if PS is associated with how they rate satisfaction with their clinical learning experience. METHODS : Data were extracted from the Learners' Perceptions Survey (LPS) of residents who rotated through a Department of Veterans Affairs health care facility for academic years 2011-2014...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969065/cross-cultural-variations-in-psychiatrists-perception-of-mental-illness-a-tool-for-teaching-culture-in-psychiatry
#5
Jhilam Biswas, B N Gangadhar, Matcheri Keshavan
A frequent debate in psychiatry is to what extent major psychiatric diagnoses are universal versus unique across cultures. We sought to identify cultural variations between psychiatrists' diagnostic practices of mental illness in Boston Massachusetts and Bangalore, India. We surveyed psychiatrists to identify differences in how frequently symptoms appear in major mental illness in two culturally and geographically different cities. Indian psychiatrists found somatic symptoms like pain, sleep and appetite to be significantly more important in depression and violent and aggressive behavior to be significantly more common in mania than did American psychiatrists...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#6
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882519/integration-of-basic-and-clinical-science-in-the-psychiatry-clerkship
#7
Kirsten M Wilkins, David Moore, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Gregory W Briscoe
OBJECTIVE: Integration of basic and clinical science is a key component of medical education reform, yet best practices have not been identified. The authors compared two methods of basic and clinical science integration in the psychiatry clerkship. METHODS: Two interventions aimed at integrating basic and clinical science were implemented and compared in a dementia conference: flipped curriculum and coteaching by clinician and physician-scientist. The authors surveyed students following each intervention...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879425/clinical-teaching-and-supervision-in-postgraduate-psychiatry-training-the-trainee-perspective
#8
Alice Stephan, Gary Cheung
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore psychiatry trainees' perspectives on clinical teaching and supervision as well as how this might be improved. METHOD: New Zealand trainees (n=51) completed online the Maastricht Clinical Teaching Questionnaire (MCQT) and three open-ended questions. RESULTS: The majority rated 'agree' or 'strongly agree' to all items of the MCQT. Weaknesses in the feedback process including observation, feedback provision, and formulating learning goals were highlighted...
November 22, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856767/suicidal-thinking-and-behaviour-as-of-600-bce-aesop-s-fables
#9
Julian Davis, Tammie T Money, Saxby Pridmore
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry has ignored history, anthropology, sociology and literature in the search for enlightenment regarding suicide. Our objective was to determine what, if anything, Aesop's fables had to teach us about suicide in around 600 BCE. Aesop's account is around two centuries older than the oldest text (Herodotus: The histories) previously examined by our group. METHOD: We examined two translations of Aesop's fables, seeking accounts fitting the following categories: (1) suicidal thinking, (2) suicidal behaviour without fatal consequences, and (3) suicidal behaviour with fatal consequences...
November 17, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843859/a-study-to-find-depression-in-patients-attending-dermatological-opd-in-a-teaching-hospital
#10
Abhinit Kumar, Kunal Kumar, Praneta Swarup, Shitiz Goel, Abhay Singh Tomar
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between skin and the brain exists because the brain, as the center of psychological functions, and the skin have the same ectodermal origin and are affected by the same hormones and neurotransmitters. Skin disorder can be a potential source of emotional distress and psychiatric illness leading to impaired psychosocial adjustments. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim and objective of this study was to find psychiatric depression in patients attending dermatology outpatient department (OPD)...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837452/catatonia-education-needs-assessment-and-brief-online-intervention
#11
Joseph J Cooper, Joan Roig Llesuy
OBJECTIVES: There are no studies investigating physicians' knowledge of catatonia. The authors aimed to assess and increase physicians' awareness of catatonia. METHODS: A survey with clinical questions about catatonia was administered, followed by a brief online teaching module about catatonia and a post-education survey. RESULTS: Twenty-one psychiatry residents (response rate, 70%) and 36 internal medicine residents (response rate, 34%) participated in the pre-education survey...
November 11, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796921/training-psychiatry-residents-in-professionalism-in-the-digital-world
#12
REVIEW
Nadyah Janine John, P G Shelton, Michael C Lang, Jennifer Ingersoll
Professionalism is an abstract concept which makes it difficult to define, assess and teach. An additional layer of complexity is added when discussing professionalism in the context of digital technology, the internet and social media - the digital world. Current physicians-in-training (residents and fellows) are digital natives having been raised in a digital, media saturated world. Consequently, their use of digital technology and social media has been unconstrained - a reflection of it being integral to their social construct and identity...
October 29, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783312/educational-scholarship-and-technology-resources-for-a-changing-undergraduate-medical-education-curriculum
#13
REVIEW
Brandon N Kyle, Irma Corral, Nadyah Janine John, P G Shelton
Returning to the original emphasis of higher education, universities have increasingly recognized the value and scholarship of teaching, and medical schools have been part of this educational scholarship movement. At the same time, the preferred learning styles of a new generation of medical students and advancements in technology have driven a need to incorporate technology into psychiatry undergraduate medical education (UGME). Educators need to understand how to find, access, and utilize such educational technology...
October 26, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779291/-the-tasks-and-aims-of-hospital-psychiatry-today-and-in-the-future
#14
A Honig, D Sierink, B Verwey
Care provided by consultation-liaison (CL) psychiatry and general hospital (GH) psychiatry varies widely. This means that certain services are almost unrecognisable and therefore less readily available to patients. <br/> AIM: To describe the core tasks of current CL- and GH-psychiatry care and to suggest how these tasks can best be performed and developed in the future.<br/> METHOD: We conducted a selective review of relevant CL- and GH-related literature and combined the information we obtained with the results of a consultation with CL-psychiatrists about how CL- and GL psychiatry should function in the future...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778149/the-stafford-interview-a-comprehensive-interview-for-mother-infant-psychiatry
#15
Ian Brockington, Prabha Chandra, Alessandra Bramante, Hettie Dubow, Walaa Fakher, LLuïsa Garcia-Esteve, Kristina Hofberg, Suaad Moussa, Bruma Palacios-Hernández, Ylva Parfitt, Pey-Ling Shieh
This article describes an interview exploring the social, psychological and psychiatric events in a single pregnancy and puerperium. It has been in development since 1992 and is now in its 6th edition. It takes approximately 2 h to administer and has 130 compulsory probes and 185 ratings. It is suitable for clinical practice, teaching and research.
October 24, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752943/dsm-5-teaching-materials-a-critical-review
#16
Michael D Jibson, Lisa S Seyfried
OBJECTIVE: The publication of DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in 2013 was accompanied by the release of a series of APA-approved "essential guides" to aid clinicians and trainees in its use and the transition from DSM-IV. Several of these were explicitly designated as study guides, but all serve educational as well as clinical functions. To assist trainees and educators in their selection of appropriate materials for study and teaching, several of these books were reviewed from the perspective of psychiatry education...
October 17, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679635/establishment-and-implementation-of-a-psychiatry-enrichment-programme-for-medical-students
#17
Zaza Lyons
OBJECTIVE: There has been a growing interest in psychiatry enrichment programmes such as summer schools and institutes for medical students in the last 10 years. Evaluation of enrichment programmes shows that they can be an effective method of increasing students' interest in psychiatry as a career. However, despite initial enthusiasm and motivation within an academic department, establishing a programme can be a daunting task. The aim of this paper is to provide a background of how to establish and implement a psychiatry summer school or institute...
September 27, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676786/healthcare-pathway-after-sever-traumatic-brain-injury-about-a-tunisian-population
#18
Soumaya Boudokhane, Amine Kalai, Aymen Haj Salah, Houda Migaou, Sana Salah, Anis Jellad, Mourad Gahbiche, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the demographic characteristics and the pathway of severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) victims in the Tunisian population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included 26 patients victims of STBI hospitalized in intensive care unit, among 450 traumatic head injuries admitted to the Teaching Hospital of Fattouma Bourguiba in Monastir during the year 2014. The studied parameters were: demographic characteristics of the population, circumstances of the accident, transport modalities to the hospital, assessments of the injury types, duration of coma, length of hospitalization in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and finally the discharge mode after the ICU stay (transfer to neurosurgery ward, to rehabilitation unit, or home discharged)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644429/teaching-medical-ethics-in-graduate-and-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review-of-effectiveness
#19
REVIEW
Santiago de la Garza, Vania Phuoc, Steven Throneberry, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Laurence McCullough, John Coverdale
OBJECTIVE: One objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to psychiatry residents. In order to gain insights from other disciplines that have published research in this area, a second objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to residents across all other specialties of training and on teaching medical students. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched for controlled trials on teaching medical ethics with quantitative outcomes...
September 19, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598494/-the-opinion-of-psychiatry-residents-about-social-interaction-during-the-feedback-in-medical-education
#20
Patricia Rubí G, Luis De la Barra V, Hardy Schaefer A
UNLABELLED: In Medical Education, feedback is an instrument that informs the trainees about their learning process and how to make the necessary changes. Feedback enables learners to monitor their progress and provides direction for improvement. Effective feedback is useful to improve the performance, clinical skills, communication skills, and treatment of patients. It is essential when teaching clinical interview skills to psychiatry residents. Feedback necessarily involves social interaction between teachers and trainees...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
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