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O Murillo, I Grau, J Lora-Tamayo, J Gomez-Junyent, A Ribera, F Tubau, J Ariza, R Pallares
Osteoarticular infections (OAI), which are often associated with bacteraemia, seem to be increasing. We studied all patients with bacteraemia and concomitant OAI: septic arthritis (SA), vertebral osteomyelitis (VOM) or peripheral osteomyelitis (POM), which were seen at our institution (1985-2011). Data were extracted from a prospective protocol of bacteraemia cases recorded. Trends in main findings were considered in five periods. Major antibiotic resistance patterns were studied. A total of 601 cases of bacteraemic OAI, accounting for 1...
March 2015: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
E S Hackett, D P Lunn, R A Ferris, D W Horohov, M R Lappin, P M McCue
REASONS FOR PERFORMING THE STUDY: Neonatal sepsis is a common problem in foals and is a primary cause of death in the post natal period. Transient bacteraemia and subsequent host responses have not been described in the equine neonate. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine if transient bacteraemia occurs in foals within the first 72 h of life. Additional objectives included description of bacterial organisms associated with transient bacteraemia and concurrent cytokine gene expression in healthy foals...
July 2015: Equine Veterinary Journal
A Tuna, C Delilbasi, A Arslan, Y Gurol, Z Tazegun Tekkanat
BACKGROUND: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of mouthrinses containing 7.5% povidone iodine and 0.2% chlorhexidine on bacteraemia following impacted third molar surgery. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were enrolled in this study. Patients in the first group were asked to rinse their mouth with the mouthrinse containing 7.5% povidone iodine, patients in the second group were asked to rinse with the mouthrinse containing 0.2% chlorhexidine and patients in the third group were asked to rinse with 0...
December 2012: Australian Dental Journal
A Courpon-Claudinon, A Lefort, X Panhard, O Clermont, Q Dornic, B Fantin, F Mentré, M Wolff, E Denamur, C Branger et al.
Escherichia coli is one of the major pathogens responsible for bactaeremia. Empirical antibiotherapy of these infections usually relies on third-generation cephalosporins (3GCs). Thus, the occurrence and epidemiology of 3GC-resistant strains have to be monitored. The French prospective multicentre study COLIBAFI collected 1081 strains of E. coli responsible for bacteraemia in 2005. In the present work, the prevalence of resistance to 3GCs was evaluated, and the implicated molecular mechanisms were characterized by specific PCR and sequencing...
April 2011: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Marina Marranzano, Maria Anna Coniglio
Many species of Aeromonas are thought to be the cause of diarrhoeal syndromes, bactaeremia and eye infections. Recent studies have shown that the presence of aeromonas in drinkable water is not associated with that of feacal indicators. The authors have tested 62 samples of drinkable water from various wells, as well as 14 samples of two mineral waters collected in Eastern Sicily from 1996 to 1999. Aeromonas were found in 14 (18%) out of 76 samples. Also, biochemical detection of the strains showed the presence of A...
May 2002: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Thierry M Work, George H Balazs, Mark Wolcott, Robert Morris
Past studies of free-ranging green turtles Chelonia mydas with fibropapillomatosis (FP) in Hawaii have shown that animals become immunosuppressed with increasing severity of this disease. Additionally, preliminary clinical examination of moribund turtles with FP revealed that some animals were also bacteraemic. We tested the hypothesis that bacteraemia in sea turtles is associated with the severity of FP. We captured free-ranging green turtles from areas in Hawaii where FP is absent, and areas where FP has been endemic since the late 1950s...
January 22, 2003: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Luis Aliaga, Juan Diego Mediavilla, Fernando Cobo
The aim of this study was to define risk factors associated with mortality in Pseudomonas aeruginosa bactaeremia and to combine them in a clinical index predicting the risk of death. The study investigated 125 consecutive episodes of P. aeruginosa bacteraemia at this hospital. Crude mortality was 34%, corresponding to 43 patients who died, with 67% of deaths, directly attributable to bacteraemia. A regression logistic model identified five variables that were independently and significantly associated with an increased risk of death: 1) hospitalisation in the intensive care unit; 2) coagulopathy; 3) septic shock; 4) age > or = 65 years; and 5) the clinical condition of the patient...
July 2002: Journal of Medical Microbiology
B Allaouchiche, H Jaumain, G Zambardi, D Chassard, J Freney
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to establish the clinical impact of rapid oxacillin susceptibility testing in nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. METHODS: This study was performed in 145 critically ill patients infected by S. aureus. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: patients for whom susceptibility testing was performed using a rapid same day multiplex PCR assay for detection of the staphylococcal mecA (mean delay of response: 6 h) and those for whom testing was accomplished using traditional overnight techniques (21 h)...
November 1999: Journal of Infection
J M Raboud, J Singer, A Thorne, M T Schechter, S D Shafran
Quality of life was measured in a study of two multidrug regimens for mycobacterium avium complex MAC bactaeremia using the MOS-HIV questionnaire. The effect of treatment on quality of life was estimated at each follow-up time in three ways: (1) using only the observed data, (2) after assigning the worst possible quality of life scores for individuals who died, and (3) after imputing missing scores for patients who either died or dropped out of the study. The overall quality of life scores were also compared between treatment groups with categorical generalized estimating equation models and three-dimensional graphs...
August 1998: Quality of Life Research
B Beland, T Prien, H Van Aken
Bacteraemia and septicaemia are generally thought to be relative or absolute contraindications for central neural axis (CNA) blocks. Postulated mechanisms for haematogenous infection of the central nervous system (CNS) caused by subarachnoid or epidural puncture might be an accidental vessel puncture, a change of pressure in the subarachnoid space, and the induction of a "locus minoris resistentiae." Infectious complications of diagnostic lumbar puncture, spinal or epidural anaesthesia are very rare. Although in animals meningitis can be induced by subarachnoid puncture during bactaeremia, there is no study that proves an increased risk for bacteraemic patients...
June 1997: Der Anaesthesist
L Marty, A Flahault, B Suarez, J Caillon, C Hill, A Andremont
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relation between resistance to methicillin and virulence in strains of Staph. aureus by estimating the survival at day 30. DESIGN: Case control analysis. SETTING: Inpatients at a major Cancer Referral Center. PATIENTS: 21 patients with methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus (MRSA) bactaeremia and 45 patients with methicillin-susceptible Staph. aureus (MSSA) bactaeremia, all treated with vancomycin...
1993: Intensive Care Medicine
J Sontheimer, R Salm, G Friedrich, J von Wahlert, K Pelz
The rate of bactaeremia following surgical endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract is reported with up to 50% depending on the therapeutic measure performed. In a prospective study we examined 160 patients treated by surgical endoscopy of the upper digestive tract. The rate of bactaeremia showed a significant difference with 12.5% after diagnostic and 28.96% after surgical endoscopy. Our results recommend a single shot antibiotic prophylaxis depending on the endoscopic measure performed and the patient's individual risk...
March 1991: Endoscopy
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