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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749624/synthesis-characterization-and-evaluation-of-cytotoxic-effects-of-novel-hybrid-steroidal-heterocycles-as-peg-based-nanoparticles
#1
Mervat M Abd Elhalim, Nasser S M Ismail, Shaymaa M M Yahya, Yasmin Y Omar, Ahmed A Abd Rabou, Deena S Lasheen, Mahmoud F Zawrah, Gamal A Elmegeed
Anticancer agents featuring hybrid molecules can improve effectiveness and diminish drug resistance. The current study aimed to introduce newly synthesized heterocyclic steroids of promising anticancer effects loaded in polyethylene glycol (PEG)•based nanoparticles form. Several heterocyclic steroids (1-9) were synthesized via multicomponent reactions (MCRs) and confirmed via the analytical and spectral data. Compounds 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 9, were investigated individually in their free and PEG based nano-size hybrid forms as anticancer agents against three human cell lines: hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2); breast cancer cells (MCF-7); and colon cancer cells (HCT116)...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749604/a-simulation-of-dementia-epidemiology-and-resource-use-in-australia
#2
Lachlan B Standfield, Tracy Comans, Paul Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: The number of people in the developed world who have dementia is predicted to rise markedly. This study presents a validated predictive model to assist decision-makers to determine this population's future resource requirements and target scarce health and welfare resources appropriately. METHODS: A novel individual patient discrete event simulation was developed to estimate the future prevalence of dementia and related health and welfare resource use in Australia...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749601/chiral-recognition-system-orchestrated-by-self-assembly-a-cascade-of-molecular-chirality-self-assembly-morphology-fluorescence-response
#3
Takao Noguchi, Seiji Shinkai
The newly developed oligophenylenevinylene (OPV)-based fluorescent (FL) chiral chemosensor (OPV-Me) for the representative enantiomeric guest, 1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid (1,2-CHDA: RR- and SS-form) showed the high chiral discrimination ability, resulting in the different aggregation modes of OPV-Me self-assembly: RR-CHDA directed the fibrous supramolecular aggregate, whereas SS-CHDA directed the finite aggregate. The consequent FL intensity toward RR-CHDA was maximum 30 times larger than that toward SS-CHDA...
July 27, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749592/porphyrin-antennas-on-carbon-nanodots-excited-state-energy-and-electron-transduction
#4
Maurizio Prato, Francesca Arcudi, Volker Strauss, Luka Dordevic, Alejandro Cadranel, Dirk Guldi
We report the synthesis and electron donor-acceptor features of a novel nano-hybrid, in which the light harvesting and electron donating properties of a meso-tetraarylporphyrin (TArP) are combined with the electron accepting features of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanodots (NCNDs). In particular, in a ultrafast process (> 1012 s-1), visible light excitation transforms the strongly quenched porphyrin singlet excited states into 225 ps lived charge separated states. On the other hand, ultraviolet light excitation triggers a non-resolvable transduction of singlet excited state energy from the NCNDs to the porphyrins, followed by the same charge separation observed upon visible light excitation...
July 27, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749589/precisely-assembled-cyclic-gold-nanoparticle-frames-via-2d-polymer-single-crystal-templating
#5
Christopher Yuren Li, Shan Mei, Hao Qi, Tian Zhou
In recent decades, extensive studies have been devoted to assembling nanoparticles (NPs) into various ordered structures to achieve novel optical properties. It however still remains a challenging task to assemble NPs into cyclic one-dimensional (1D) shapes such as rings and frames. In this work, we report a directed assembly method to precisely assemble NPs into well-defined, free-standing frames using polymer single crystals (PSCs) as the template. Preformed poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) single crystals were used as the template to direct the crystallization of block copolymer (BCP) poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PEO-b-P4VP), which directed gold NPs (AuNPs) to form AuNP frames...
July 27, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749570/hepatocyte-derived-exosomes-promote-t-follicular-regulatory-cell-expansion-during-hcv-infection
#6
Dustin A Cobb, Lucy Golden-Mason, Hugo R Rosen, Young S Hahn
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a global health concern that can cause severe liver disease such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Control of HCV requires vigorous T cell responses, yet CD4(+) T cells in chronic HCV patients are dysfunctional. T follicular regulatory (Tfr) cells are a subset of regulatory T cells that suppress T follicular helper (Tfh) cells and the generation of high affinity antibody-producing B cells. In this study, we examined the accumulation of Tfr cells in the liver compartment during chronic HCV infection and defined the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying their expansion...
July 27, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749565/melatonin-suppresses-platelet-activation-and-function-against-cardiac-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-ppar%C3%AE-fundc1-mitophagy-pathways
#7
Hao Zhou, Dandan Li, Pingjun Zhu, Shunying Hu, Nan Hu, Sai Ma, Ying Zhang, Tianwen Han, Jun Ren, Feng Cao, Yundai Chen
Platelet activation is a major (patho-) physiological mechanism that underlies ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we explored the molecular signals for platelet hyperactivity and investigated the beneficial effects of melatonin on platelet reactivity in response to I/R injury. After reperfusion, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) was progressively downregulated in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery and in mice with I/R injury model...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749551/a-novel-allele-hla-b-27-149-identified-by-sequence-based-typing-in-a-chinese-individual
#8
J Wang, Y Zhang, Q Li, K Ru, X Wang
HLA-B*27:149 differs from HLA-B*27:04:01 (488C->T, exon 3, A139V).
July 27, 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749543/new-multi-responsive-chromic-soft-materials-dynamic-interconversion-of-short-2-7-dicyanomethylenecarbazole-based-biradicaloid-and-corresponding-cyclophane-tetramer
#9
Maria Carmen Ruiz Delgado, Deliang Wang, Cristina Capel Ferrón, Jie Li, Sergio Gámez-Valenzuela, Rocio Ponce Ortiz, Juan T López Navarrete, Víctor Hernández Jolin, Xiaodi Yang, Miriam Peña Álvarez, Valentín García Baonza, František Hartl, Hongxiang Li
Herein, we report a quinodimethane-type molecule, 2,7-dicyanomethylene-9-(2-ethylhexyl)carbazole (1), one of the shortest π-conjugated biradicaloids reported to be stable in solution at ambient. This carbazole-based quinoidal precursor is able to form a macrocyclic -bonded tetramer (2). The resolved single crystal X-ray structure of tetramer 2 shows that four molecules of 1 are linked together through four long (CN)2C-C(CN)2 bonds (1.631 Å) resulting from coupling of the unpaired electrons in biradicaloid 1...
July 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749538/fast-further-purification-of-diastereomeric-salts-of-a-nonracemic-acid-by-gas-antisolvent-fractionation
#10
Márton Kőrösi, János Madarász, Tamás Sohajda, Edit Székely
A novel, green possibility of the further purification of the diastereomeric salt of 4-chloromandelic acid and 1-phenylethane-1-amine was developed. Gas antisolvent method using supercritical carbon dioxide was applied for the first time to precipitate the diastereomeric salts with increased purity followed by the supercritical fluid extraction of the dissolved diastereomers. The RR-salt can be purified to >99%, while fractionation-based purification of the SR-salt is limited to ~80%. The limiting initial diastereomeric excess correlates strongly with the atmospheric melting eutectic composition of the same salts, which suggests that despite the fast precipitation, the diastereomeric excess of the solid product is not kinetically determined...
July 27, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749535/inhibition-of-histone-deacetylases-sensitizes-egfr-tki-resistant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-to-erlotinib-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#11
Weiwei Yu, Weiqiang Lu, Guoliang Chen, Feixiong Cheng, Hui Su, Yihua Chen, Mingyao Liu, Xiufeng Pang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intrinsic and/or acquired resistance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) commonly occurs in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we develop a combined therapy of histone deacetylase inhibition by a novel HDAC inhibitor, YF454A, with erlotinib to overcome EGFR-TKI resistance in NSCLC. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The sensitization of erlotinib by YF454A was examined in a panel of EGFR-TKI-resistant NSCLC cell lines in vitro and two different erlotinib-resistant NSCLC xenograft mouse models in vivo...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749522/palladium-catalyzed-decarboxylative-decarbonylative-and-dehydrogenative-c-sp-2-h-acylation-at-room-temperature
#12
Asik Hossian, Manash Kumar Manna, Kartic Manna, Ranjan Jana
Over the past few decades, an impressive array of C-H activation methodology has been developed for organic synthesis. However, due to the inherent inertness of the C-H bonds (e.g. ∼110 kcal mol(-1) for the cleavage of C(aryl)-H bonds) harsh reaction conditions have been realized to overcome high energetic transition states resulting in a limited substrate scope and functional group tolerance. Therefore, the development of mild C-H functionalization protocols is in high demand to exploit the full potential of the C-H activation strategy in the synthesis of a complex molecular framework...
July 27, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749514/a-copper-templated-bifunctional-organocatalyst-a-strongly-cooperative-dynamic-system-for-the-aldol-reaction
#13
Anna Serra-Pont, Ignacio Alfonso, Jordi Solà, Ciril Jimeno
The study of novel metal-templated dynamic organocatalytic systems has led to the identification of CuSO4 as the most efficient template to assemble monofunctional prolinamide- and thiourea-modified pyridine ligands. The structural and electronic requirements to assemble an efficient catalyst have been disclosed: both pyridine ligands must bear a 1,3-substitution pattern, and the thiourea ligand serves as a reducing agent to copper(i) as well. Eventually, the cooperative effects achieved with such a simple system deliver high reaction rates and stereoselectivities at room temperature in the asymmetric aldol reaction, requiring only 1 mol% of copper salt...
July 27, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749498/black-tio2-based-core-shell-nanocomposites-as-doxorubicin-carriers-for-thermal-imaging-guided-synergistic-therapy-of-breast-cancer
#14
Wenzhi Ren, M Zubair Iqbal, Leyong Zeng, Tianxiang Chen, Yuanwei Pan, Jinshun Zhao, Hao Yin, Lili Zhang, Jichao Zhang, Aiguo Li, Aiguo Wu
TiO2 nanomaterials have been widely used for anticancer drug carriers and UV/980 nm NIR triggered cancer synergistic platforms. However, traditional pure TiO2 nanocarriers encounter some serious drawbacks, such as low drug loading ability, limited tissue penetration of UV light, and heating effect of 980 nm NIR on normal tissue, which obstruct their further application in cancer treatment. To overcome those challenges, novel mesoporous silica (mSiO2) coated black TiO2 core-shell nanocomposites are designed and constructed as doxorubicin carriers for 808 nm NIR triggered thermal imaging guided photothermal therapy combined chemotherapy of breast cancer...
July 27, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749497/laterally-functionalized-pillar-5-arene-a-new-building-block-for-covalent-self-assembly
#15
Shuang Fu, Guo An, Hongcheng Sun, Quan Luo, Chunxi Hou, Jiayun Xu, Zeyuan Dong, Junqiu Liu
Laterally functionalized pillar[5]arenes were synthesized for the first time by bromination at the methylene bridge of dimethoxypillar[5]arene. The synthesized molecule was then used as a novel building block by being covalently self-assembled into polymer nanocapsules and 2D polymer films.
July 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749478/molecular-autopsy-in-maternal-fetal-medicine
#16
Hanan E Shamseldin, Wesam Kurdi, Fatima Almusafri, Maha Alnemer, Alya Alkaff, Zeneb Babay, Amal Alhashem, Maha Tulbah, Nada Alsahan, Rubina Khan, Bahauddin Sallout, Elham Al Mardawi, Mohamed Zain Seidahmed, Niema Meriki, Yasser Alsaber, Alya Qari, Ola Khalifa, Wafaa Eyaid, Zuhair Rahbeeni, Ahmed Kurdi, Mais Hashem, Tarfa Alshidi, Eman Al-Obeid, Firdous Abdulwahab, Niema Ibrahim, Nour Ewida, Karen El-Akouri, Mariam Al Mulla, Tawfeg Ben-Omran, Matthias Pergande, Sebahattin Cirak, Saeed Al Tala, Ranad Shaheen, Eissa Faqeih, Fowzan S Alkuraya
PurposeThe application of genomic sequencing to investigate unexplained death during early human development, a form of lethality likely enriched for severe Mendelian disorders, has been limited.MethodsIn this study, we employed exome sequencing as a molecular autopsy tool in a cohort of 44 families with at least one death or lethal fetal malformation at any stage of in utero development. Where no DNA was available from the fetus, we performed molecular autopsy by proxy, i.e., through parental testing.ResultsPathogenic or likely pathogenic variants were identified in 22 families (50%), and variants of unknown significance were identified in further 15 families (34%)...
July 27, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749477/mapping-the-genomic-landscape-of-inherited-retinal-disease-genes-prioritizes-genes-prone-to-coding-and-noncoding-copy-number-variations
#17
Kristof Van Schil, Sarah Naessens, Stijn Van de Sompele, Marjolein Carron, Alexander Aslanidis, Caroline Van Cauwenbergh, Anja Kathrin Mayer, Mattias Van Heetvelde, Miriam Bauwens, Hannah Verdin, Frauke Coppieters, Michael E Greenberg, Marty G Yang, Marcus Karlstetter, Thomas Langmann, Katleen De Preter, Susanne Kohl, Timothy J Cherry, Bart P Leroy, Elfride De Baere
PurposePart of the hidden genetic variation in heterogeneous genetic conditions such as inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) can be explained by copy-number variations (CNVs). Here, we explored the genomic landscape of IRD genes listed in RetNet to identify and prioritize those genes susceptible to CNV formation.MethodsRetNet genes underwent an assessment of genomic features and of CNV occurrence in the Database of Genomic Variants and literature. CNVs identified in an IRD cohort were characterized using targeted locus amplification (TLA) on extracted genomic DNA...
July 27, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749471/pre-synaptic-trkb-in-basolateral-amygdala-neurons-mediates-bdnf-signaling-transmission-in-memory-extinction
#18
Yuan Li, Dongdong Wang, Yang Li, Hongxia Chu, Lining Zhang, Ming Hou, Xingyu Jiang, Zheyu Chen, Bo Su, Tao Sun
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its high affinity receptor, TrkB, play an essential role in memory extinction. Our previous work has shown that JIP3 (JNK interacted protein 3) mediates anterograde axonal transport of TrkB through the direct binding of its coiled-coil domain 1 (CC1) with TrkB. Here, we constructed a fluorescent CC1 and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fused protein, CC1-EGFP, and found that CC1-EGFP could specifically interrupt TrkB anterograde axonal transport and its localization at the pre-synaptic site...
July 27, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749465/acid-sphingomyelinase-mediates-human-cd4-t-cell-signaling-potential-roles-in-t-cell-responses-and-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Aiping Bai, Yuan Guo
Acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) is a lipid hydrolase. By generating ceramide, ASM had been reported to have an important role in regulating immune cell functions inclusive of macrophages, NK cells, and CD8(+) T cells, whereas the role of ASM bioactivity in regulation of human CD4(+) T-cell functions remained uncertain. Recent studies have provided novel findings in this field. Upon stimulation of CD3 and/or CD28, ASM-dependent ceramide signaling mediates intracellular downstream signal cascades of CD3 and CD28, and regulates CD4(+) T-cell activation and proliferation...
July 27, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749462/keratin-23-promotes-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-expression-and-human-colorectal-cancer-growth
#20
Ningning Zhang, Rui Zhang, Kun Zou, Wendan Yu, Wei Guo, Yingying Gao, Jia Li, Mei Li, Yidi Tai, Wenlin Huang, Chun Song, Wuguo Deng, Xiaonan Cui
The overexpression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) has been associated with the proliferation and migration of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. We investigated the roles of KRT23 and hTERT in promoting CRC cell proliferation and migration. We verified the relationship between KRT23 and hTERT in CRC using streptavidin-agarose pulldown and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. One hundred and fifty-four human CRC specimens were analyzed using immunohistochemistry. The roles of KRT23 and hTERT in cell growth and migration were studied using siRNA and lentiviruses in vivo and in vitro...
July 27, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
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