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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754067/os-16-06-risk-factors-for-serious-fall-injuries-following-initiation-of-antihypertensive-medication
#1
Kristi Reynolds, Daichi Shimbo, C Barrett Bowling, Luqin Deng, Adam Bress, John Sim, Paul Muntner
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for serious fall injuries following initiation of antihypertensive medication among older adults. DESIGN AND METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a 5% random sample of people with Medicare health insurance, a government program for older US adults. The analysis was restricted to patients with a diagnosis of hypertension who initiated antihypertensive medication between 2007 and 2011. Initiation was defined by the first antihypertensive medication fill in this time period preceded by 365 days with no antihypertensive medication fills...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751960/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improves-isometric-time-to-exhaustion-of-the-knee-extensors
#2
L Angius, B Pageaux, J Hopker, S M Marcora, A R Mauger
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can increase cortical excitability of a targeted brain area, which may affect endurance exercise performance. However, optimal electrode placement for tDCS remains unclear. We tested the effect of two different tDCS electrode montages for improving exercise performance. Nine subjects underwent a control (CON), placebo (SHAM) and two different tDCS montage sessions in a randomized design. In one tDCS session, the anodal electrode was placed over the left motor cortex and the cathodal on contralateral forehead (HEAD), while for the other montage the anodal electrode was placed over the left motor cortex and cathodal electrode above the shoulder (SHOULDER)...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642987/os-16-06-risk-factors-for-serious-fall-injuries-following-initiation-of-antihypertensive-medication
#3
Kristi Reynolds, Daichi Shimbo, C Barrett Bowling, Luqin Deng, Adam Bress, John Sim, Paul Muntner
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for serious fall injuries following initiation of antihypertensive medication among older adults. DESIGN AND METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a 5% random sample of people with Medicare health insurance, a government program for older US adults. The analysis was restricted to patients with a diagnosis of hypertension who initiated antihypertensive medication between 2007 and 2011. Initiation was defined by the first antihypertensive medication fill in this time period preceded by 365 days with no antihypertensive medication fills...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445744/emotional-availability-modulates-electrophysiological-correlates-of-executive-functions-in-preschool-children
#4
Henriette Schneider-Hassloff, Annabel Zwönitzer, Anne K Künster, Carmen Mayer, Ute Ziegenhain, Markus Kiefer
Executive functions (EFs) - a set of cognitive control abilities - mediate resilience to stress and are associated with academic achievement and health throughout life. They are crucially linked to prefrontal cortex function as well as to other cortical and subcortical brain functions, which are maturing throughout childhood at different rates. Recent behavioral research suggested that children's EFs were related to parenting quality and child attachment security, but the neural correlates of these associations are unknown...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26027975/development-of-a-computationally-efficient-full-human-body-finite-element-model
#5
Doron Schwartz, Berkan Guleyupoglu, Bharath Koya, Joel D Stitzel, F Scott Gayzik
INTRODUCTION: A simplified and computationally efficient human body finite element model is presented. The model complements the Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) detailed 50th percentile occupant (M50-O) by providing kinematic and kinetic data with a significantly reduced run time using the same body habitus. METHODS: The simplified occupant model (M50-OS) was developed using the same source geometry as the M50-O. Though some meshed components were preserved, the total element count was reduced by remeshing, homogenizing, or in some cases omitting structures that are explicitly contained in the M50-O...
2015: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25643051/efficacy-and-safety-of-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-to-treat-muscle-spasticity-following-brain-injury-a-double-blinded-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wenli Zhao, Chao Wang, Zhongzheng Li, Lei Chen, Jianbo Li, Weidong Cui, Shasha Ding, Qiang Xi, Fan Wang, Fei Jia, Shuhua Xiao, Yi Guo, Ye Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at evaluating the clinical efficacy and safety of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) to treat muscle spasticity after brain injury (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-TRC-11001310). METHODS: A total of 60 patients with muscle spasticity after brain injury were randomized to the following 3 groups: 100, 2, and 0 Hz (sham) TEAS. The acupoints Hegu (LI4)--Yuji (LU10) and Zusanli (ST36)--Chengshan (BL57) on the injured side were stimulated at 0, 2, or 100 Hz, 5 times per week for 4 weeks...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24255909/injuries-in-judo-a-systematic-literature-review-including-suggestions-for-prevention
#7
REVIEW
Elena Pocecco, Gerhard Ruedl, Nemanja Stankovic, Stanislaw Sterkowicz, Fabricio Boscolo Del Vecchio, Carlos Gutiérrez-García, Romain Rousseau, Mirjam Wolf, Martin Kopp, Bianca Miarka, Verena Menz, Philipp Krüsmann, Michel Calmet, Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Martin Burtscher
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge on epidemiological injury data in judo. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review scientific literature on the frequency and characteristics of injuries in judo. METHODS: The available literature up to June 2013 was searched for prospective as well as retrospective studies on injuries in judo. Data extraction and presentation focused on the incidence rate, injury risk, types, location and causes of injuries...
December 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23531977/football-injuries-current-concepts
#8
REVIEW
David E Olson, Robby Singh Sikka, Abigail Hamilton, Austin Krohn
Football is one of the most popular sports in the United States and is the leading cause of sports-related injury. A large focus in recent years has been on concussions, sudden cardiac death, and heat illness, all thought to be largely preventable health issues in the young athlete. Injury prevention through better understanding of injury mechanisms, education, proper equipment, and practice techniques and preseason screening may aid in reducing the number of injuries. Proper management of on-field injuries and health emergencies can reduce the morbidity associated with these injuries and may lead to faster return to play and reduced risk of future injury...
September 2011: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23378506/injury-profile-in-elite-female-basketball-athletes-at-the-women-s-national-basketball-association-combine
#9
Moira M McCarthy, James E Voos, Joseph T Nguyen, Lisa Callahan, Jo A Hannafin
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and meniscus injuries are common in female athletes participating in cutting and pivoting sports such as basketball. The epidemiological characteristics of injury in athletes seen at the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) combine and the effect of ACL reconstruction and meniscus surgery on longevity in the WNBA are unknown. PURPOSE: To evaluate the details and spectrum of injuries in athletes entering the WNBA combine and to assess the potential effect of specific injuries on the round drafted into the WNBA and career length...
March 2013: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23055010/acupuncture-in-the-treatment-of-rheumatic-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Matxalen Amezaga Urruela, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
Acupuncture has been used for millennia in traditional Chinese medicine as a technique believed to restore the balance of energy in the body caused by disease through the use of needles inserted into specific points or energy channels. This energy is called the de qi. The use of acupuncture for the treatment of pain in musculoskeletal disorders is increasing. Some patients seek alternative therapies because of lack of improvement with conventional treatments. The potential physiological effects of acupuncture on pain relief have been attributed to biochemical processes, such as the release of endorphins into the limbic structures, subcortical areas and brain stem, mechanisms that are also present in placebo-induced analgesia...
December 2012: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21816558/blood-alcohol-concentration-at-0-06-and-0-10-causes-a-complex-multifaceted-deterioration-of-body-movement-control
#11
Fredrik Modig, Per-Anders Fransson, Måns Magnusson, Mitesh Patel
Alcohol-related falls are recognized as a major contributor to the occurrence of traumatic brain injury. The control of upright standing balance is complex and composes of contributions from several partly independent mechanisms such as appropriate information from multiple sensory systems and correct feedback and feed forward movement control. Analysis of multisegmented body movement offers a rarely used option for detecting the fine motor problems associated with alcohol intoxication. The study aims were to investigate whether (1) alcohol intoxication at 0...
February 2012: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21304993/troublesome-heterotopic-ossification-after-central-nervous-system-damage-a-survey-of-570-surgeries
#12
François Genêt, Claire Jourdan, Alexis Schnitzler, Christine Lautridou, Didier Guillemot, Thierry Judet, Serge Poiraudeau, Philippe Denormandie
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a frequent complication after central nervous system (CNS) damage but has seldom been studied. We aimed to investigate features of HO for the first time in a large sample and the rate of early recurrence of HO in terms of the time of surgery. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We retrospectively analyzed data from an anonymous prospective survey of patients undergoing surgery between May 1993 and November 2009 in our institution for troublesome HO related to acquired neurological disease...
2011: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21265414/working-with-the-teenaged-athlete-a-conversation-with-joel-boyd-m-d-interviewed-by-carmen-peota-and-megan-reams
#13
Joel Boyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2010: Minnesota Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20836581/the-rodeo-athlete-injuries-part-ii
#14
REVIEW
Michael C Meyers, C Matthew Laurent
A previous instalment to this review focused on the sport science for rodeo, the history behind the sport and what is currently known about the physical and physiological status, coronary risk profile, strength and power levels, event-specific kinesiological and biomechanical aspects, nutritional habits and psychological indices associated with the rodeo athlete. In regards to injury, rodeo is well known for its high-velocity, high-impact atmosphere where athletes compete against the clock and uncooperative livestock...
October 1, 2010: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20193924/analysis-of-appropriateness-of-outpatient-ct-and-mri-referred-from-primary-care-clinics-at-an-academic-medical-center-how-critical-is-the-need-for-improved-decision-support
#15
Bruce E Lehnert, Robert L Bree
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze a large group of CT and MRI examinations for appropriateness using evidence-based guidelines. METHODS: The authors reviewed medical records from 459 elective outpatient CT and MR examinations from primary care physicians. Evidence-based appropriateness criteria from a radiology benefit management company were used to determine if the examination would have met criteria for approval. Submitted clinical history at the time of interpretation and clinic notes and laboratory results preceding the date of the imaging study were examined to simulate a real-time consultation with the referring provider...
March 2010: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19573586/hypoxia-ischemia-causes-persistent-movement-deficits-in-a-perinatal-rabbit-model-of-cerebral-palsy-assessed-by-a-new-swim-test
#16
Matthew Derrick, Alexander Drobyshevsky, Xinhai Ji, Lina Chen, Yirong Yang, Haitao Ji, Richard B Silverman, Sidhartha Tan
The relationship of movement between different muscle groups has not been quantified before in the newborn period. Cerebral palsy (CP), which often occurs as a result of perinatal hypoxia-ischemia (H-I), is categorized depending on clinical presentation, brain region involvement and extent of involvement. In order to test different brain region involvement, this study investigates individual and multi-joint involvement in a rabbit model of CP. Pregnant rabbits at 70% gestation were subjected to 40-min uterine ischemia...
October 2009: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19261925/motor-homunculus-passive-mapping-in-healthy-volunteers-by-using-functional-mr-imaging-initial-results
#17
Mehmet Kocak, John L Ulmer, M Sahin Ugurel, Wolfgang Gaggl, Robert W Prost
PURPOSE: To determine the concurrence of activation in the primary motor cortex, induced by paradigms of active and passive movement of extremities, by using blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the institutional review board, and written informed consent was obtained from the participating volunteers. Functional MR imaging data were collected from 11 healthy volunteers (four women, seven men; age range, 24-42 years) during active and passive movements of hand, elbow, shoulder, ankle, knee, and hip...
May 2009: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19116555/partial-joint-denervation-ii-knee-and-ankle
#18
A Lee Dellon
BACKGROUND: Partial joint denervation is the concept of preservation of joint function and relief of joint pain by interrupting neural pathways that transmit the pain message from the joint to the brain. Partial denervation of painful wrist, elbow, and shoulder joints was described in part I. Application of these principles to the knee and ankle is described in part II. METHODS: Cadaveric anatomical studies identified innervation of the knee and the ankle (sinus tarsi) to provide a guide to nerve blocks and surgical intervention...
January 2009: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18167618/construction-of-efficacious-gait-and-upper-limb-functional-interventions-based-on-brain-plasticity-evidence-and-model-based-measures-for-stroke-patients
#19
Janis J Daly, Robert L Ruff
For neurorehabilitation to advance from art to science, it must become evidence-based. Historically, there has been a dearth of evidence from which to construct rehabilitation interventions that are properly framed, accurately targeted, and credibly measured. In many instances, evidence of treatment response has not been sufficiently robust to demonstrate a change in function that is clinically, statistically, and economically important. Research evidence of activity-dependent central nervous system (CNS) plasticity and the requisite motor learning principles can be used to construct an efficacious motor recovery intervention...
2007: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18069535/predicting-driver-from-front-passenger-using-only-the-postmortem-pattern-of-injury-following-a-motor-vehicle-collision
#20
Eleanor Curtin, Neil E I Langlois
This study aimed to establish whether post-mortem injury patterns can assist in distinguishing drivers from front seat passengers among victims of motor vehicle collisions without regard to collision type, vehicle type or if safety equipment had been used. Injuries sustained by 206 drivers and 91 front seat passengers were catalogued from post-mortem reports. Injuries were coded for the body region, depth and location of the injury. Statistical analysis was used to detect injuries capable of discriminating between driver and passenger...
October 2007: Medicine, Science, and the Law
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