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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207658/association-between-paraspinal-muscle-morphology-clinical-symptoms-and-functional-status-in-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#1
Maryse Fortin, Octavian Dobrescu, Matthew Courtemanche, Carolyn J Sparrey, Carlo Santaguida, Michael G Fehlings, Michael H Weber
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess fatty infiltration and asymmetry of the multifidus (MF), semispinalis cervicis (SCer), semispinalis capitis (SCap), and splenius capitis (SPL) muscles in patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), and evaluate their correlations with clinical symptoms and functional scores. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical muscle alterations have been reported in patients with chronic neck pain, but the assessment of cervical muscle morphology has been overlooked in patients with DCM...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207618/magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-surgical-invasiveness-on-paravertebral-muscles-after-muscle-preserving-interlaminar-decompression-mild
#2
Hitoshi Tonomura, Yoichiro Hatta, Yasuo Mikami, Takumi Ikeda, Tomohisa Harada, Masateru Nagae, Hironori Koike, Hitoshi Hase, Toshikazu Kubo
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the extent of damage to the paravertebral muscles after muscle-preserving interlaminar decompression (MILD) using magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate changes in the multifidus muscle (MF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Short-term surgical outcomes of MILD for lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS) are satisfactory; however, the extent of damage to the paravertebral muscles after MILD remains unclear...
March 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180981/does-pre-operative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-muscle-predict-clinical-outcomes-following-lumbar-spinal-decompression-for-symptomatic-spinal-stenosis
#3
Mario G T Zotti, F Vilas Boas, T Clifton, M Piche, W W Yoon, B J C Freeman
PURPOSE: To investigate whether pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) would predict clinical outcomes following lumbar spinal decompression for symptomatic spinal stenosis. METHODS: A prospective cohort of patients with symptomatic neurogenic claudication, documented spinal stenosis on pre-operative MRI underwent spinal decompression. All subjects completed standardised outcome measures (Core Outcome Measures Index (COMI), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI v2...
February 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174441/the-effects-of-visual-biofeedback-using-ultrasonograpy-on-deep-trunk-muscle-activation
#4
Hyun-Gyu Cha, Myoung-Kwon Kim, Young-Jun Shin
[Purpose] The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of visual biofeedback using ulatrasonography on the functional improvement of deep trunk muscle. [Subjects and Methods] This study selected ten healthy people without orthopedic history and information on the study. The average ages, heights, and weights were 22.70 ± 2.06 years old, 171.15 ± 9.18 cm, and 66.86 ± 8.88 kg in the experimental group, respectively. The abdominal drawing-in maneuver were executed for subjects through monitoring the status of muscle contraction using ultrasonic waves...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173931/the-immediate-effects-of-exercise-using-the-functional-re-adaptive-exercise-device-on-lumbopelvic-kinematics-in-people-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#5
A Winnard, D Debuse, M Wilkinson, R Tahmosybayat, N Caplan
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) muscles is associated with low back pain (LBP). The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) has shown potential as a non-specific LBP intervention by automatically recruiting LM and TrA. Loss or lordosis and altered lumbopelvic positioning has also been linked to LBP and is often trained within LM and TrA interventions. The effect that FRED exercise has on lumbopelvic positioning and lumbar lordosis is unknown...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160750/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-neurostimulation-of-multifidus-muscles-combined-with-motor-training-influences-spine-motor-control-and-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Hugo Massé-Alarie, Louis-David Beaulieu, Richard Preuss, Cyril Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The study tested whether combining repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (RPMS) and motor training of the superficial multifidus muscle (MF) better improved the corticomotor control of spine than training alone in chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Twenty-one participants with CLBP were randomly allocated to [RPMS+training] and [Sham+training] groups for three sessions (S1-S3) over a week where MF was stimulated before training (volitional contraction)...
March 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158152/effects-of-dry-needling-on-spinal-mobility-and-trigger-points-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#7
Adelaida Maria Castro-Sanchez, Hector Garcia-Lopez, Guillermo A Mataran-Penarrocha, Manuel Fernandez-Sanchez, Cayetano Fernandez-Sola, Jose Granero-Molina, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: The etiology of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is inconclusive, but central mechanisms are well accepted for this pain condition. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal pain diseases and is characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). It has been suggest that MTrPs have an important factor in the genesis of FMS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus cross tape on spinal mobility and MTrPs in spinal muscles in patients with FMS...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150321/reliability-and-precision-of-sonography-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-and-transversus-abdominis-during-dynamic-activities
#8
Karl C Gibbon, Dorothee Debuse, Angela Hibbs, Nick Caplan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the intrarater reliability and precision of lumbar multifidus and transversus abdominis thickness measurements using freehand sonography in a range of static and dynamic conditions. METHODS: Fifteen asymptomatic participants performed a range of exercises while sonography was used to measure absolute muscle thickness and changes in muscle thickness from rest. Exercise conditions included the abdominal drawing-in maneuver, active straight leg raise, contralateral arm lift, both unloaded and loaded, treadmill walking, and using the Functional Readaptive Exercise Device...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144414/comparison-of-lateral-abdominal-muscle-thickness-and-cross-sectional-area-of-multifidus-in-adolescent-soccer-players-with-and-without-low-back-pain-a-case-control-study
#9
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Alireza Hosseini Khezri, Paweł Linek, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Alireza Hassannejad, Ali Younesian, Farzin Farahbakhsh, Ramin Kordi
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint amongst adolescent athletes. While different studies have shown association between LBP and trunk muscle thickness in the general population, few articles have studied it in adolescent athletes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare lateral abdominal muscle thickness and function, and cross sectional area (CSA) of lumbar multifidus (LM) in adolescent soccer players with and without LBP. METHODS: In total, 28 adolescent soccer players with and without LBP, from the premier league participated in this study...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103921/manually-defining-regions-of-interest-when-quantifying-paravertebral-muscles-fatty-infiltration-from-axial-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-proposed-method-for-the-lumbar-spine-with-anatomical-cross-reference
#10
Rebecca J Crawford, Jon Cornwall, Rebecca Abbott, James M Elliott
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in paravertebral muscle composition as a potential prognostic and diagnostic element in lumbar spine health. As a consequence, it is becoming popular to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine muscle volume and fatty infiltration in lumbar paravertebral muscles to assess both age-related change and their clinical relevance in low back pain (LBP). A variety of imaging methods exist for both measuring key variables (fat, muscle) and for defining regions of interest, making pooled comparisons between studies difficult and rendering post-production analysis of MRIs confusing...
January 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068962/correlation-between-lumbar-dysfunction-and-fat-infiltration-in-lumbar-multifidus-muscles-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#11
Markus Hildebrandt, Gabriela Fankhauser, André Meichtry, Hannu Luomajoki
BACKGROUND: Lumbar multifidus muscles (LMM) are important for spinal motion and stability. Low back pain (LBP) is often associated with fat infiltration in LMM. An increasing fat infiltration of LMM may lead to lumbar dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between the severity of lumbar dysfunction and the severity of fat infiltration of LMM. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 42 patients with acute or chronic LBP were recruited...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988341/can-lumbosacral-orthoses-cause-trunk-muscle-weakness-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#12
REVIEW
Fatemeh Azadinia, Esmaeil Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mojtaba Kamyab, Mohamad Parnianpour, Jacek Cholewicki, Nader Maroufi
BACKGROUND: Wearing lumbosacral orthosis (LSO) is one of the most common treatments prescribed for conservative management of low back pain. While the results of randomized controlled trials suggest effectiveness of LSO in reducing pain and disability in these patients, there is a concern that prolonged use of LSO may lead to trunk muscle weakness and atrophy. PURPOSE: The present review aimed to evaluate available evidence in literature to determine whether LSO result in trunk muscle weakness and/or atrophy...
December 14, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931946/multifidus-degeneration-a-new-risk-factor-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-case-control-study
#13
Jiayao Jiang, Haibin Wang, Liang Wang, Bangke Zhang, Qunfeng Guo, Wen Yuan, Xuhua Lu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922574/drop-body-syndrome-a-distinct-form-of-adult-spinal-deformity
#14
Mitsuru Yagi, Shinjiro Kaneko, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role of skeletal muscles in the spinal alignment of lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) may present as LDK, which is unusual in that it typically lacks any coronal deformity. METHODS: This retrospective study included 367 female ASD. Demographic and radiographic data from LDKs were compared with those with other ASD...
December 2, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913924/shear-wave-elastography-reveals-different-degrees-of-passive-and-active-stiffness-of-the-neck-extensor-muscles
#15
Angela V Dieterich, Ricardo J Andrade, Guillaume Le Sant, Deborah Falla, Frank Petzke, François Hug, Antoine Nordez
PURPOSE: The neck extensor muscles contribute to spinal support and posture while performing head and neck motion. Muscle stiffness relates to passive elasticity (support) and active tensioning (posture and movement) of muscle. It was hypothesized that support and motion requirements are reflected in the distribution of stiffness between superficial and deep neck extensor muscles. METHODS: In ten healthy participants, shear modulus (stiffness) of five neck extensor muscles was determined in prone at rest and during isometric head lift at three intensities using shear wave elastography...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879506/fatty-degeneration-of-the-paraspinal-muscle-in-patients-with-degenerative-lumbar-kyphosis-a-new-evaluation-method-of-quantitative-digital-analysis-using-mri-and-ct-scan
#16
Seung-Jae Hyun, Chae-Wan Bae, Sang-Hoon Lee, Seung-Chul Rhim
STUDY DESIGN: A comparative case-control study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the degree of paraspinal muscle changes in degenerative lumbar kyphosis (DLK) patients using magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography scanning. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although the pathophysiology of DLK is not completely understood, extensive degeneration and weakness of the lumbar extensor muscles are thought to underlie the condition in most patients...
December 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872641/muscle-functions-and-functional-performance-among-older-persons-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#17
Nor Azizah Ishak, Zarina Zahari, Maria Justine
This study aims to compare muscle functions and functional performances between older persons with and without low back pain (LBP) and to determine the association between muscle functions and functional performances. This is a cross-sectional study, involving 95 older persons (age = 70.27 ± 7.26 years). Anthropometric characteristics, muscle functions, and functional performances were measured. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple linear regression. The functional performances showed no significant differences (females LBP versus non-LBP, males LBP versus non-LBP) (p < 0...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870804/the-effects-of-low-load-motor-control-exercises-and-a-high-load-lifting-exercise-on-lumbar-multifidus-thickness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Lars Berglund, Björn Aasa, Peter Michaelson, Ulrika Aasa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-load motor control exercises and a high-load lifting exercise, on lumbar multifidus (LM) thickness on either side of the spine and whether the effects are affected by pain intensity or change in pain intensity, among patients with nociceptive mechanical LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is evidence that patients with low back pain may have a decreased size of the (LM) muscles with an asymmetry between sides in the lower back...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861847/structural-and-functional-characteristics-of-the-thoracolumbar-multifidus-muscle-in-horses
#19
J A García Liñeiro, G H Graziotti, J M Rodríguez Menéndez, C M Ríos, N O Affricano, C L Victorica
The multifidus muscle fascicles of horses attach to vertebral spinous processes after crossing between one to six metameres. The fascicles within one or two metameres are difficult to distinguish in horses. A vertebral motion segment is anatomically formed by two adjacent vertebrae and the interposed soft tissue structures, and excessive mobility of a vertebral motion segment frequently causes osteoarthropathies in sport horses. The importance of the equine multifidus muscle as a vertebral motion segment stabilizer has been demonstrated; however, there is scant documentation of the structure and function of this muscle...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858677/reliability-of-histographic-analysis-for-paraspinal-muscle-degeneration-in-patients-with-unilateral-back-pain-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Dong-Won Suh, Yushin Kim, Minyoung Lee, Seungcheol Lee, Sung Jun Park, BumChul Yoon
BACKGROUND: Mixed use of T1- or T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in histographic analysis has impeded cross-reference of studies on fatty degeneration of muscles in patients with back pain. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to establish the measurement reliability of histographic analysis for normal and painful paraspinal muscles between T1- and T2-weighted MRI. METHODS: T1- and T2-weighted MRI at the L4-5 level were performed in 31 patients with unilateral back pain...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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