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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212520/the-relationship-between-human-leukocyte-antigen-dp-dq-gene-polymorphisms-and-the-outcomes-of-hcv-infection-in-a-chinese-population
#1
Peng Huang, Haozhi Fan, Ting Tian, Peiwen Liao, Jun Li, Rongbin Yu, Xueshan Xia, Yue Feng, Jie Wang, Yuan Liu, Yun Zhang, Ming Yue
BACKGROUND: Recently, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class-II gene polymorphisms have been reported to be related to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and chronicity. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship of HLA-DP rs9277535 and HLA-DQ rs7453920 with the outcomes of HCV infection. METHODS: The rs9277535 and rs7453920 were genotyped in 370 subjects with chronic HCV infection, 194 subjects with spontaneous HCV clearance, and 973 subjects with non-HCV infection from the Chinese population using the ABI TaqMan allelic discrimination assay...
December 6, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163738/a-case-of-moderate-sprue-like-enteropathy-associated-with-telmisartan
#2
Aurelio Negro, Loredana De Marco, Valentina Cesario, Rosaria Santi, Maria Chiara Boni, Magda Zanelli
Sprue-like enteropathy associated with olmesartan medoxomil use has been recently reported. Its clinical manifestations include diarrhea, weight loss and malabsorption. Duodenal biopsies show villous atrophy (VA) with or without intraepithelial lymphocytosis and inflammation of the lamina propria. Serology for celiac disease (CD) is negative and gluten-free diet does not result in clinical improvement. Symptoms resolve after olmesartan discontinuation. Follow-up biopsies show recovery/improvement of the duodenum...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146602/donor-specific-and-nonspecific-hla-antibodies-and-outcome-post-lung-transplantation
#3
Stijn E Verleden, Bart M Vanaudenaerde, Marie-Paul Emonds, Dirk E Van Raemdonck, Arne P Neyrinck, Geert M Verleden, Robin Vos
Donor-specific antibodies (DSAs) against human leukocyte antigen (HLA) are associated with chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) and mortality post lung transplantation, but data concerning prevalence, time of onset, persistence and effects on long-term outcome remain scarce.We assessed the association between HLA antibodies and CLAD-free and graft survival in a cohort of 362 patients. We stratified our analysis according to DSA status, persistence of antibodies and timing of antibodies (pre-transplant, early or late post-transplant)...
November 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146521/hla-dq-gluten-tetramer-blood-test-accurately-identifies-patients-with-and-without-celiac-disease-in-absence-of-gluten-consumption
#4
Vikas K Sarna, Knut E A Lundin, Lars Mørkrid, Shuo-Wang Qiao, Ludvig M Sollid, Asbjørn Christophersen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Celiac disease is characterized by HLA-DQ2/8-restricted responses of CD4+ T cells to cereal gluten proteins. A diagnosis of celiac disease based on serologic and histologic evidence and duodenal histology requires patients to be on gluten-containing diets. The growing number of individuals adhering to a gluten-free diet (GFD) without exclusion of celiac disease complicates its detection. HLA-DQ-gluten tetramers can be used to detect gluten-specific T cells in blood of patients with celiac disease, even if they are on a GFD...
November 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143181/hla-dq2-and-dq8-haplotypes-frequency-and-diagnostic-utility-in-celiac-disease-patients-of-gaza-strip-palestine
#5
Basim M Ayesh, Eman Kh Zaqout, Maged M Yassin
PURPOSE: Celiac disease (CD) diagnosis can be established by serological and small bowel biopsy (SBB), while absence of HLA-DQ2 and -DQ8 haplotypes excludes the disease. The present study aims at evaluating the diagnosis of a representative sample of pediatric and adult CD patients of Gaza strip in light of DQ2 and DQ8 haplotypes expression. METHODS: Unrelated CD patients (n = 101) and matched healthy controls (n = 97) were genotyped for DQA1*05, DQB1*02 and DQB1*03:02 alleles by allele-specific real-time PCR...
November 15, 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114250/a-sensitive-method-for-detecting-peptide-specific-cd4-t-cell-responses-in-peripheral-blood-from-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis
#6
Sapna Sharma, Clas Malmeström, Christopher Lindberg, Sarah Meisel, Karin Schön, Martina Verolin, Nils Yngve Lycke
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neurological disorder typified by skeletal muscle fatigue and most often production of autoantibodies against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). The present study was undertaken to assess the extent of AChR-peptide recognition in MG patients using co-culturing (DC:TC) of autologous monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) and highly enriched CD4(+) T cells from the blood as compared to the traditional whole peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) cultures. We found that the DC:TC cultures were highly superior to the PBMC cultures for detection of reactivity toward HLA-DQ/DR-restricted AChR-peptides...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099018/hla-typing-and-celiac-disease-in-moroccans
#7
Daniela Piancatelli, Imane Ben El Barhdadi, Khadija Oumhani, Pierluigi Sebastiani, Alessia Colanardi, Abdellah Essaid
Genetic and environmental factors are responsible for differences in the prevalence of some diseases across countries. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allele frequencies in North African populations show some differences in their distribution compared to Europeans, Mediterraneans, and sub-Saharans, and some specific alleles and haplotypes could be clinically relevant. Celiac disease (CD) has been fast increasing in prevalence in North Africa; but few immunogenetic data are available for this area, in which a high prevalence of the disease has been described...
January 6, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075627/characteristics-of-donor-specific-antibodies-associated-with-antibody-mediated-rejection-in-lung-transplantation
#8
Antoine Roux, Ines Bendib Le Lan, Sonia Holifanjaniaina, Kimberly A Thomas, Clément Picard, Dominique Grenet, Sandra De Miranda, Benoit Douvry, Laurence Beaumont-Azuar, Edouard Sage, Jérôme Devaquet, Elise Cuquemelle, Morgan Le Guen, Caroline Suberbielle, Chantal Gautreau, Marc Stern, Maura Rossetti, Abdul Monem Hamid, Francois Parquin
Although donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (DSAs) are frequently found in recipients after lung transplantation (LT), the characteristics of DSA which influence antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in LT are not fully defined. We retrospectively analyzed 206 consecutive LT patients of our center (2010-2013). DSAs were detected by using luminex single antigen beads assay and mean fluorescence intensity was assessed. Within the study population, 105 patients had positive DSA. Patients with and without AMR (AMR(Pos), n = 22, and AMR(Neg), n = 83, respectively) were compared...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055988/-association-of-hla-dq-and-ifnl4-polymorphisms-with-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-clearance
#9
H Chen, J H Fan, W X Chen, J J Guo, Y Huang
Objective: To confirmed the polymorphisms of HLA-DQ and IFNL4 were associated with HBV infection and clearance in a Chinese population. Methods: The Sequenom MassARRAY MALDI-TOF system was used to genotype the HLA-DQrs9275319 and IFNL4rs368234815, rs12971396, rs12979860, and rs8099917. A binary logistic regression test was conducted to estimate the relative risk of these SNPs with HBV infection and clearance. Haploview4.2 software and PHASE software (v2.0.2) were employed to analyze linkage disequilibrium (LD) and haplotype frequencies...
July 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025906/comparative-profiling-of-hla-dr-and-hla-dq-associated-factor-viii-peptides-presented-by-monocyte-derived-dendritic-cells
#10
Ivan Peyron, Robin B Hartholt, Laura Pedró-Cos, Floris van Alphen, Anja Ten Brinke, Neubury Lardy, Sander Meijer, Jan Voorberg
The development of anti-factor VIII antibodies represents a major complication in the treatment of patients with hemophilia A. Generation of high affinity anti-factor VIII antibodies is dependent on help provided by CD4+ T cells that recognize factor VIII-derived peptides presented on class II major histocompatibility complex on the surface of antigen presenting cells. In order to identify the immune-dominant epitopes that can be presented to CD4+ T cells, we previously developed a mass-spectrometry based method to identify factor VIII derived peptides that are presented on human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR...
October 12, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990147/pandemrix%C3%A2-vaccination-is-not-associated-with-increased-risk-of-islet-autoimmunity-or-type-1-diabetes-in-the-teddy-study-children
#11
Helena Elding Larsson, Kristian F Lynch, Maria Lönnrot, Michael J Haller, Åke Lernmark, William A Hagopian, Jin-Xiong She, Olli Simell, Jorma Toppari, Anette-G Ziegler, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P Krischer, Marian J Rewers, Heikki Hyöty
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: During the A/H1N1 2009 (A/California/04/2009) pandemic, mass vaccination with a squalene-containing vaccine, Pandemrix®, was performed in Sweden and Finland. The vaccination was found to cause narcolepsy in children and young adults with the HLA-DQ 6.2 haplotype. The aim of this study was to investigate if exposure to Pandemrix® similarly increased the risk of islet autoimmunity or type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study, children are followed prospectively for the development of islet autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes...
October 9, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977115/evaluation-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-class-i-and-ii-antigens-in-helicobacter-pylori-positive-pediatric-patients-with-active-gastritis-and-duodenal-ulcer
#12
Sevim Gönen, Sinan Sari, Yaşar Kandur, Buket Dalgiç, Oğuz Söylemezoğlu
BACKGROUND: As being the first bacteria determined to be carcinogenic, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a pathogen localized in the stomach in more than half of the world population. Some earlier studies have found a relation between tissue histocompatibility antigens and gastric cancers depending on the regions. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the distribution of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and class II antigens in H. pylori-positive pediatric patients with active gastritis and duodenal ulcer, excluding cancer cases, in our center...
October 2, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929317/risk-alleles-for-iga-nephropathy-associated-snps-conferred-completely-opposite-effects-to-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy-in-chinese-han
#13
Xiaosong Qin, Chen Wang, Guanting Lu, Mengle Peng, Guixue Cheng, Hongquan Zhu, Yun Cao, Jianhua Liu, Yuzhong Li, Hong Cai, Funing Yang, Yanhong Liu, Xiaoyu Chen, Liubing Li, Nan Wan, Xiaoting Wen, Shijun Li, Ruili Nie, Dongchun Qin, Yongzhe Li, Yong Liu
The coexistence of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) and idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) in a few cases suggested that there could be existed a similar mechanism in pathogenesis of these two types of primary glomerulonephritis. In order to verify this hypothesis, a total of 23 reported IgAN-associated SNPs were genotyped in a cohort of 485 IMN patients and 569 healthy controls with Chinese Han origin. After Cochran-Armitage test for trend analysis, seven IgAN-associated SNPs located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region were found to be significantly associated with the susceptibility of IMN, with rs9275596 as the top one (p = 1...
October 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894202/principal-contribution-of-hla-dq-alleles-dqb1-06-04-and-dqb1-03-01-to-disease-resistance-against-primary-biliary-cholangitis-in-a-japanese-population
#14
Michio Yasunami, Hitomi Nakamura, Katsushi Tokunaga, Minae Kawashima, Nao Nishida, Yuki Hitomi, Minoru Nakamura
Identification of the primary allele(s) in HLA class II associated diseases remains challenging because of a tight linkage between alleles of HLA-DR and -DQ loci. In the present study, we determined the genotypes of seven HLA loci (HLA-A, -B, -DRB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, -DPA1 and -DPB1) for 1200 Japanese patients with primary biliary cholangitis and 1196 controls. Observation of recombination derivatives facilitated an evaluation of the effects of individual HLA alleles consisting of disease-prone/disease-resistant HLA haplotypes...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882445/strong-influence-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-dp-variants-on-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-in-a-japanese-population
#15
Yuya Okada, Naoki Uno, Shuntaro Sato, Sayaka Mori, Daisuke Sasaki, Norihito Kaku, Kosuke Kosai, Yoshitomo Morinaga, Hiroo Hasegawa, Katsunori Yanagihara
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have reported that human leukocyte antigen (HLA) variants are associated with chronic hepatitis B, spontaneous hepatitis B virus (HBV) clearance, and response to hepatitis B vaccine. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HLA-DP (rs9277535 and rs3077) and HLA-DQ (rs2856718 and rs7453920) have been repeatedly associated with chronic hepatitis B and spontaneous HBV clearance. However, the data on the SNPs associated with response to hepatitis B vaccine are inconclusive...
September 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834572/multiple-genetic-variants-associated-with-posttransplantation-diabetes-mellitus-in-chinese-han-populations
#16
Jie Chen, Lixin Li, Yunfei An, Junlong Zhang, Yun Liao, Yi Li, Lanlan Wang
OBJECTIVES: Posttransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a major complication after solid organ transplantation. This study is to investigate the association of nine genetic variant factors and PTDM in Chinese Han patients. METHODS: HLA-DP (rs3077, rs9277535), HLA-DQ (rs7453920), signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) (rs7574865), IL-28B (rs12979860, rs8099917, and rs12980275), and IL-18 (rs1946518 and rs187238) were investigated in 260 liver transplant recipients (PTDM vs non-PTDM) by high-resolution melting curve analysis...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832681/the-mhc-class-ii-antigen-presentation-pathway-in-human-monocytes-differs-by-subset-and-is-regulated-by-cytokines
#17
Justin Lee, Hanson Tam, Lital Adler, Alexandra Ilstad-Minnihan, Claudia Macaubas, Elizabeth D Mellins
Monocytes play a critical role in the innate and adaptive immune systems, performing phagocytosis, presenting antigen, and producing cytokines. They are a heterogeneous population that has been divided in humans into classical, intermediate, and non-classical subsets, but the roles of these subsets are incompletely understood. In this study, we investigated the expression patterns of MHC class II (MHCII) and associated molecules and find that the intermediate monocytes express the highest levels of the MHC molecules, HLA-DR (tested in n = 30 samples), HLA-DP (n = 30), and HLA-DQ (n = 10)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803690/new-insights-into-non-conventional-epitopes-as-t-cell-targets-the-missing-link-for-breaking-immune-tolerance-in-autoimmune-disease
#18
REVIEW
James Harbige, Martin Eichmann, Mark Peakman
The mechanism by which immune tolerance is breached in autoimmune disease is poorly understood. One possibility is that post-translational modification of self-antigens leads to peripheral recognition of neo-epitopes against which central and peripheral tolerance is inadequate. Accumulating evidence points to multiple mechanisms through which non-germline encoded sequences can give rise to these non-conventional epitopes which in turn engage the immune system as T cell targets. In particular, where these modifications alter the rules of epitope engagement with MHC molecules, such non-conventional epitopes offer a persuasive explanation for associations between specific HLA alleles and autoimmune diseases...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761441/association-between-hla-dq-gene-polymorphisms-and-hbv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
REVIEW
Jingzhu Lv, Tao Xu, Zhongqing Qian, Hongtao Wang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Host gene variants may influence hepatitis B virus- (HBV-) related HCC. Human leukocyte antigens (HLA) play an important role in presenting virus antigens to immune cells that are responsible for the clearance of virus-infected cells and tumor cells. Previous studies have investigated the HLA-DQ (rs2856718 and rs9275572) polymorphisms that may be associated with the development of HBV-related HCC. However, the results are controversial or inconclusive...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738753/genetic-predictors-of-celiac-disease-lactose-intolerance-and-vitamin-d-function-and-presence-of-peptide-morphins-in-urine-of-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#20
Katarina Bojović, Biljana Stanković, Nikola Kotur, Dijana Krstić-Milošević, Vladimir Gašić, Sonja Pavlović, Branka Zukić, Đurđica Ignjatović
Gastrointestinal disturbances, nutritional deficiencies, and food intolerances are frequently observed in children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). To reveal possible association of celiac disease risk variants (HLA-DQ), lactose intolerance associated variant (LCT-13910C>T) as well as variant associated with vitamin D function (VDR FokI) with NDD, polymerase chain reaction-based methodology was used. Additionally, intestinal peptide permeability was estimated in NDD patients and healthy children by measuring the level of peptides in urine using high-performance liquid chromatography...
July 24, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
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