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HLA-DQ

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929317/risk-alleles-for-iga-nephropathy-associated-snps-conferred-completely-opposite-effects-to-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy-in-chinese-han
#1
Xiaosong Qin, Chen Wang, Guanting Lu, Mengle Peng, Guixue Cheng, Hongquan Zhu, Yun Cao, Jianhua Liu, Yuzhong Li, Hong Cai, Funing Yang, Yanhong Liu, Xiaoyu Chen, Liubing Li, Nan Wan, Xiaoting Wen, Shijun Li, Ruili Nie, Dongchun Qin, Yongzhe Li, Yong Liu
The coexistence of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) and idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) in a few cases suggested that there could be existed a similar mechanism in pathogenesis of these two types of primary glomerulonephritis. In order to verify this hypothesis, a total of 23 reported IgAN-associated SNPs were genotyped in a cohort of 485 IMN patients and 569 healthy controls with Chinese Han origin. After Cochran-Armitage test for trend analysis, seven IgAN-associated SNPs located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region were found to be significantly associated with the susceptibility of IMN, with rs9275596 as the top one (p = 1...
September 19, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894202/principal-contribution-of-hla-dq-alleles-dqb1-06-04-and-dqb1-03-01-to-disease-resistance-against-primary-biliary-cholangitis-in-a-japanese-population
#2
Michio Yasunami, Hitomi Nakamura, Katsushi Tokunaga, Minae Kawashima, Nao Nishida, Yuki Hitomi, Minoru Nakamura
Identification of the primary allele(s) in HLA class II associated diseases remains challenging because of a tight linkage between alleles of HLA-DR and -DQ loci. In the present study, we determined the genotypes of seven HLA loci (HLA-A, -B, -DRB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, -DPA1 and -DPB1) for 1200 Japanese patients with primary biliary cholangitis and 1196 controls. Observation of recombination derivatives facilitated an evaluation of the effects of individual HLA alleles consisting of disease-prone/disease-resistant HLA haplotypes...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882445/strong-influence-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-dp-variants-on-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-in-a-japanese-population
#3
Yuya Okada, Naoki Uno, Shuntaro Sato, Sayaka Mori, Daisuke Sasaki, Norihito Kaku, Kosuke Kosai, Yoshitomo Morinaga, Hiroo Hasegawa, Katsunori Yanagihara
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have reported that human leukocyte antigen (HLA) variants are associated with chronic hepatitis B, spontaneous hepatitis B virus (HBV) clearance, and response to hepatitis B vaccine. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HLA-DP (rs9277535 and rs3077) and HLA-DQ (rs2856718 and rs7453920) have been repeatedly associated with chronic hepatitis B and spontaneous HBV clearance. However, the data on the SNPs associated with response to hepatitis B vaccine are inconclusive...
September 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834572/multiple-genetic-variants-associated-with-posttransplantation-diabetes-mellitus-in-chinese-han-populations
#4
Jie Chen, Lixin Li, Yunfei An, Junlong Zhang, Yun Liao, Yi Li, Lanlan Wang
OBJECTIVES: Posttransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a major complication after solid organ transplantation. This study is to investigate the association of nine genetic variant factors and PTDM in Chinese Han patients. METHODS: HLA-DP (rs3077, rs9277535), HLA-DQ (rs7453920), signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) (rs7574865), IL-28B (rs12979860, rs8099917, and rs12980275), and IL-18 (rs1946518 and rs187238) were investigated in 260 liver transplant recipients (PTDM vs non-PTDM) by high-resolution melting curve analysis...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832681/the-mhc-class-ii-antigen-presentation-pathway-in-human-monocytes-differs-by-subset-and-is-regulated-by-cytokines
#5
Justin Lee, Hanson Tam, Lital Adler, Alexandra Ilstad-Minnihan, Claudia Macaubas, Elizabeth D Mellins
Monocytes play a critical role in the innate and adaptive immune systems, performing phagocytosis, presenting antigen, and producing cytokines. They are a heterogeneous population that has been divided in humans into classical, intermediate, and non-classical subsets, but the roles of these subsets are incompletely understood. In this study, we investigated the expression patterns of MHC class II (MHCII) and associated molecules and find that the intermediate monocytes express the highest levels of the MHC molecules, HLA-DR (tested in n = 30 samples), HLA-DP (n = 30), and HLA-DQ (n = 10)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803690/new-insights-into-non-conventional-epitopes-as-t-cell-targets-the-missing-link-for-breaking-immune-tolerance-in-autoimmune-disease
#6
REVIEW
James Harbige, Martin Eichmann, Mark Peakman
The mechanism by which immune tolerance is breached in autoimmune disease is poorly understood. One possibility is that post-translational modification of self-antigens leads to peripheral recognition of neo-epitopes against which central and peripheral tolerance is inadequate. Accumulating evidence points to multiple mechanisms through which non-germline encoded sequences can give rise to these non-conventional epitopes which in turn engage the immune system as T cell targets. In particular, where these modifications alter the rules of epitope engagement with MHC molecules, such non-conventional epitopes offer a persuasive explanation for associations between specific HLA alleles and autoimmune diseases...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761441/association-between-hla-dq-gene-polymorphisms-and-hbv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
REVIEW
Jingzhu Lv, Tao Xu, Zhongqing Qian, Hongtao Wang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Host gene variants may influence hepatitis B virus- (HBV-) related HCC. Human leukocyte antigens (HLA) play an important role in presenting virus antigens to immune cells that are responsible for the clearance of virus-infected cells and tumor cells. Previous studies have investigated the HLA-DQ (rs2856718 and rs9275572) polymorphisms that may be associated with the development of HBV-related HCC. However, the results are controversial or inconclusive...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738753/genetic-predictors-of-celiac-disease-lactose-intolerance-and-vitamin-d-function-and-presence-of-peptide-morphins-in-urine-of-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#8
Katarina Bojović, Biljana Stanković, Nikola Kotur, Dijana Krstić-Milošević, Vladimir Gašić, Sonja Pavlović, Branka Zukić, Đurđica Ignjatović
Gastrointestinal disturbances, nutritional deficiencies, and food intolerances are frequently observed in children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). To reveal possible association of celiac disease risk variants (HLA-DQ), lactose intolerance associated variant (LCT-13910C>T) as well as variant associated with vitamin D function (VDR FokI) with NDD, polymerase chain reaction-based methodology was used. Additionally, intestinal peptide permeability was estimated in NDD patients and healthy children by measuring the level of peptides in urine using high-performance liquid chromatography...
July 24, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717935/rabbit-anti-human-thymocyte-immunoglobulin-for-the-rescue-treatment-of-chronic-antibody-mediated-rejection-after-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#9
Yasemen Cihan, Nele Kanzelmeyer, Jens Drube, Martin Kreuzer, Christian Lerch, Imke Hennies, Kerstin Froede, Murielle Verboom, Thurid Ahlenstiel-Grunow, Lars Pape
BACKGROUND: Chronic antibody-mediated rejection (cAMR) is the leading cause of late kidney graft loss, but current therapies are often ineffective. Rabbit anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin (rATG) may be helpful, but its use is virtually undocumented. METHODS: Data were analyzed retrospectively from nine pediatric kidney transplant patients with cAMR were treated with rATG (1.5 mg/kg × 5 days) at our center after non-response to pulsed prednisolone, intravenous immunoglobulin, rituximab, and increased immunosuppressive intensity (including switching to belatacept in some cases), with or without bortezomib...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701370/twenty-year-progression-rate-to-clinical-onset-according-to-autoantibody-profile-age-and-hla-dq-genotype-in-a-registry-based-group-of-children-and-adults-with-a-first-degree-relative-with-type-1-diabetes
#10
Frans K Gorus, Eric V Balti, Anissa Messaaoui, Simke Demeester, Annelien Van Dalem, Olivier Costa, Harry Dorchy, Chantal Mathieu, Luc Van Gaal, Bart Keymeulen, Daniël G Pipeleers, Ilse Weets
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether islet autoantibody profile, HLA-DQ genotype, and age influenced a 20-year progression to diabetes from first autoantibody positivity (autoAb(+)) in first-degree relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Persistently islet autoAb(+) siblings and offspring (n = 462) under 40 years of age were followed by the Belgian Diabetes Registry. AutoAbs against insulin (IAA), GAD (GADA), IA-2 antigen (IA-2A), and zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8A) were determined by radiobinding assay...
August 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695286/the-roles-of-mhc-class-ii-genes-and-post-translational-modification-in-celiac-disease
#11
REVIEW
Ludvig M Sollid
Our increasing understanding of the etiology of celiac disease, previously considered a simple food hypersensitivity disorder caused by an immune response to cereal gluten proteins, challenges established concepts of autoimmunity. HLA is a chief genetic determinant, and certain HLA-DQ allotypes predispose to the disease by presenting posttranslationally modified (deamidated) gluten peptides to CD4(+) T cells. The deamidation of gluten peptides is mediated by transglutaminase 2. Strikingly, celiac disease patients generate highly disease-specific autoantibodies to the transglutaminase 2 enzyme...
August 2017: Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661314/effect-of-single-sensitization-event-on-human-leukocyte-antigen-alloimmunization-in-kidney-transplant-candidates-a-single-center-experience
#12
Marianna Resse, Rossella Paolillo, Biagio Pellegrino Minucci, Dario Costa, Carmela Fiorito, Michele Santangelo, Paride De Rosa, Claudio Napoli
OBJECTIVES: Human leukocyte antigen alloimmunization is caused by exposure to HLA antigens through transfusion, pregnancy, or transplant. Our study objective was to present the rate of positivity of anti-HLA antibody considering the effects of a single sensitization event in kidney transplant candidates at our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study reviewed 606 kidney transplant candidates. Patient sera were analyzed using Luminex xMAP technology. Panel reactive antibody positivity rates and antibody strengths in patients were analyzed according to a single sensitization event...
June 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658512/early-clearance-vs-persistence-of-de-novo-donor-specific-antibodies-following-lung-transplantation
#13
Ana K Islam, Neeraj Sinha, Jennifer M DeVos, Thomas S Kaleekal, Soma S Jyothula, Larry D Teeter, Duc T M Nguyen, Todd N Eagar, Linda W Moore, Mamta Puppala, Stephen T C Wong, Richard J Knight, Adaani E Frost, Edward A Graviss, A Osama Gaber
BACKGROUND: The natural history of de novo donor-specific antibodies (dnDSA) after lung transplantation is not well-described. We sought to determine the incidence and risk factors associated with dnDSA and compare outcomes between recipients with transient (or isolated) vs persistent dnDSA after transplantation. METHODS: A single-center review of all lung transplants from 1/2009-7/2013. DSAs were tested eight times in the first year and every 4 months thereafter...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640108/correlation-of-hla-dp-dq-polymorphisms-with-transplant-etiologies-and-prognosis-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#14
Yi Li, Qian Huang, Jiang-Tao Tang, Tian-Tian Wei, Lin Yan, Zhi-Qiang Yang, Yang-Juan Bai, Lan-Lan Wang, Yun-Ying Shi
Previous study has identified that the genetic variants in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP/DQ region were strongly associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. But their roles in liver function recovery after hepatic transplantation were still obscure. This study aimed to investigate whether HLA-DP/DQ polymorphisms were associated with post-transplant etiologies and prognosis in Chinese liver transplant recipients.A total of 144 liver transplant recipients were enrolled, which were divided into 2 groups according to the transplant etiology: HBV-related disease and non-HBV-related disease...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638585/clinicopathological-study-of-seronegative-celiac-disease-in-adults-in-pakistan-a-pilot-study
#15
Mohammad Hanif Farina, Rajesh Kumar Mandhwani, Nasir Hassan Luck, Zaigham Abbas, Muhammed Mubarak, S Mudassir Laeeq, Abbas Ali Tasneem
BACKGROUND Celiac disease (CD) is usually missed, if the serology is negative. We aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics of seronegative CD (SNCD) and its response to gluten-free diet (GFD) in adult patients. METHODS This observational study was carried out at the Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistan from 2009 to 2015. All consecutive adult patients (≥17 years) with features of marked villous atrophy (Marsh class≥III) on duodenal biopsy, negative tissue transglutaminase IgA and IgG antibodies (anti-tTg IgA and IgG) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQ2 or DQ8 serotypes were studied...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597555/harnessing-scientific-and-technological-advances-to-improve-equity-in-kidney-allocation-policies
#16
A R Tambur, B Audry, C Antoine, C Suberbielle, D Glotz, C Jacquelinet
We reported that current assignment of HLA-DQ is a barrier to organ allocation. Here we simulated the impact of incorporating HLA-DQ antigens and antibodies as A/B and αβ allelic variants, respectively, on calculated panel reactive antibody (cPRA) and probability of finding potential compatible donors (PCD). A cohort of 1224 donors and 2075 sensitized candidates was analyzed using HLA-DQαβ allelic (study) versus serologic (current practice) nomenclature. A significant (p < 10(-4) ) decrease in cPRA was observed with higher impact for male versus female, and first transplant versus retransplant (p < 10(-4) ), affecting mostly patients with moderate cPRA (30-80%)...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596278/hla-drb1-07-01-hla-dqa1-02-01-hla-dqb1-02-02-haplotype-is-associated-with-a-high-risk-of-asparaginase-hypersensitivity-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#17
Nóra Kutszegi, Xiaoqin Yang, András Gézsi, Géza Schermann, Dániel J Erdélyi, Ágnes F Semsei, Krisztina M Gábor, Judit C Sági, Gábor T Kovács, András Falus, Hongyun Zhang, Csaba Szalai
Hypersensitivity reactions are the most frequent dose-limiting adverse reactions to Escherichia coli-derived asparaginase in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. The aim of the present study was to identify associations between sequence-based Human Leukocyte Antigen Class II region alleles and asparaginase hypersensitivity in a Hungarian acute lymphoblastic leukemia population. Four-digit typing of HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 loci was performed in 359 pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients by using next-generation sequencing method...
June 8, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589338/the-identification-of-celiac-disease-in-asymptomatic-children-the-generation-r-study
#18
Michelle Jansen, Menno van Zelm, Michael Groeneweg, Vincent Jaddoe, Willem Dik, Marco Schreurs, Herbert Hooijkaas, Henriette Moll, Johanna Escher
BACKGROUND: The objective of our study was to assess whether TG2A levels in the healthy childhood population can be predictive of subclinical CD. METHODS: A total of 4442 children (median age, 6.0 years) participating in a population-based prospective cohort study were screened on serum TG2A. Those with positive TG2A (≥7 U/ml; n = 60, 1.4%) were invited for clinical evaluation (median age, 9.0 years). Medical history, physical examination, serum TG2A, and IgA-endomysium (EMA) were assessed, as well as HLA DQ 2...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512640/relationship-between-hla-dq-gene-polymorphism-and-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#19
Tao Xu, Meiqun Sun, Hongtao Wang
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the predominant risk factor for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The association between HBV infection and human leukocyte antigen- (HLA-) DQ polymorphism (rs2856718 and rs7453920) has been demonstrated in other studies; however, the results were controversial or inconclusive. Therefore, to derive a more precise estimation of the association, a meta-analysis was performed. Crude odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of association between HLA-DQ polymorphism (rs2856718 and rs7453920) and HBV infection risk...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456719/abnormalities-in-cd57-cytotoxic-t-cells-and-v%C3%AE-1-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-in-subclinical-celiac-disease-in-childhood-are-affected-by-cytomegalovirus-the-generation-r-study
#20
M A E Jansen, D van den Heuvel, V W V Jaddoe, M C van Zelm, H A Moll
Celiac disease (CD) is a digestive and autoimmune disorder driven by an immune response to modified gluten peptides. Affected intestines show infiltrates of various T-cell and NK-cell subsets. It is currently unclear if individuals with subclinical CD have systemic abnormalities in immune cells. We here studied whether subclinical CD is associated with changes in blood CD57-expressing and Vδ1-expressing lymphocytes in children, and whether cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection modifies this association. Included were 1068 children from the Generation R Study...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
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