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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103214/association-between-the-real-cost-media-campaign-and-smoking-initiation-among-youths-united-states-2014-2016
#1
Matthew C Farrelly, Jennifer C Duke, James Nonnemaker, Anna J MacMonegle, Tesfa N Alexander, Xiaoquan Zhao, Janine C Delahanty, Pamela Rao, Jane A Allen
In the United States, approximately 900,000 youths smoke their first cigarette each year (1). Health communication interventions are evidence-based strategies for preventing the initiation of tobacco use, promoting and facilitating cessation, and changing beliefs and attitudes about tobacco use (2,3). This report describes the association between the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) first national tobacco public education campaign, The Real Cost, and rates of smoking initiation among youths in the United States from 2014 to 2016...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100168/effects-of-pleistocene-sea-level-fluctuations-on-mangrove-population-dynamics-a-lesson-from-sonneratia-alba
#2
Yuchen Yang, Jianfang Li, Shuhuan Yang, Xinnian Li, Lu Fang, Cairong Zhong, Norman C Duke, Renchao Zhou, Suhua Shi
BACKGROUND: A large-scale systematical investigation of the influence of Pleistocene climate oscillation on mangrove population dynamics could enrich our knowledge about the evolutionary history during times of historical climate change, which in turn may provide important information for their conservation. RESULTS: In this study, phylogeography of a mangrove tree Sonneratia alba was studied by sequencing three chloroplast fragments and seven nuclear genes. A low level of genetic diversity at the population level was detected across its range, especially at the range margins, which was mainly attributed to the steep sea-level drop and associated climate fluctuations during the Pleistocene glacial periods...
January 18, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099044/effect-of-early-skin-to-skin-mother-infant-contact-in-the-maintenance-of-exclusive-breastfeeding
#3
Rafael Vila-Candel, Kiri Duke, F Javier Soriano-Vidal, Enrique Castro-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has been shown to result in extensive physical and psychological benefits for both the mother and the newborn. However, the rate and duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) remains low worldwide. Mother-infant skin-to-skin contact (SSC) immediately after birth has demonstrated results that support the argument for breastfeeding continuation. Research aim: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of EBF 3 months postpartum and the effect of early SSC in maintaining optimal EBF practices for mothers and their healthy newborns...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097509/revealing-pmdi-spray-initial-conditions-flashing-atomisation-and-the-effect-of-ethanol
#4
Nicholas Mason-Smith, Daniel J Duke, Alan L Kastengren, Daniela Traini, Paul M Young, Yang Chen, David A Lewis, Daniel Edgington-Mitchell, Damon Honnery
PURPOSE: Sprays from pressurised metered-dose inhalers are produced by a transient discharge of a multiphase mixture. Small length and short time scales have made the investigation of the governing processes difficult. Consequently, a deep understanding of the physical processes that govern atomisation and drug particle formation has been elusive. METHODS: X-ray phase contrast imaging and quantitative radiography were used to reveal the internal flow structure and measure the time-variant nozzle exit mass density of 50 µL metered sprays of HFA134a, with and without ethanol cosolvent...
January 17, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097336/incentive-spirometry-after-bariatric-surgery-yes-or-no
#5
Julie Ann Wesp, Meredith C Duke, Timothy M Farrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096006/immunizations-challenge-healthcare-personnel-and-affects-immunization-rates
#6
Pamela K Strohfus, Susan C Kim, Sara Palma, Russell A Duke, Richard Remington, Caleb Roberts
PURPOSE: This study measured 1. medical office immunization rates and 2. health care personnel competency in managing vaccine practices before and after evidence-based immunization education was provided. METHOD: This descriptive study compared 32 family medicine and pediatric offices and 178 medical assistants, licensed practical nurses, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, and physicians in knowledge-based testing pre-education, post-education, and 12-months post-education...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093814/management-of-sickle-cell-disease-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Todd C Crawford, Michael V Carter, Rina K Patel, Alejandro Suarez-Pierre, Sophie Z Lin, Jonathan Trent Magruder, Joshua C Grimm, Duke E Cameron, William A Baumgartner, Kaushik Mandal
Sickle cell disease is a life-limiting inherited hemoglobinopathy that poses inherent risk for surgical complications following cardiac operations. In this review, we discuss preoperative considerations, intraoperative decision-making, and postoperative strategies to optimize the care of a patient with sickle cell disease undergoing cardiac surgery.
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093099/-infective-endocarditis-clinical-features-and-prognosis-between-2004%C3%A2-and-2014%C3%A2-in-a-non-teaching-hospital
#8
E Capilla, R Poyet, A-V Tortat, J Marchi, F-X Brocq, F Pons, S Kerebel, C Jego, A Mayet, G R Cellarier
AIMS: Despite diagnostic and therapeutic advances, infective endocarditis (IE) remains a severe disease. The aim of the study was to describe clinical features and prognosis of patients with IE in a non-teaching hospital and compare them with current data and a similar study conducted 10 years earlier in the same center. METHODS: We performed a single institution retrospective study including all patients with Duke-Li definite IE between 2004 and 2014. RESULTS: Ninety-four patients were included...
January 13, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070833/assessing-the-accuracy-of-algorithm-derived-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-surgical-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Fadi Hammal, Tanis Quaife, Kieran Purich, Robert Haennel, Ferrante S Gragasin, Daniella San Martin-Feeney, Barry A Finegan
PURPOSE: To determine if a non-exercise algorithm-derived assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRFA) accurately predicted estimated values obtained using a six-minute walk test (CRF6MWD) and the Duke Activity Status Index (CRFDASI). METHODS: Following research ethics board approval, an observational cohort study was conducted in selected, consenting patients undergoing elective surgery. Participants completed questionnaires assessing their self-reported exercise capacity...
January 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068397/burn-injury-leads-to-increased-long-term-susceptibility-to-respiratory-infection-in-both-mouse-models-and-population-studies
#10
Vanessa S Fear, James H Boyd, Suzanne Rea, Fiona M Wood, Janine M Duke, Mark W Fear
BACKGROUND: Burn injury initiates an acute inflammatory response that subsequently drives wound repair. However, acute disruption to the immune response is also common, leading to susceptibility to sepsis and increased morbidity and mortality. Despite increased understanding of the impact of burn injury on the immune system in the acute phase, little is known about long-term consequences of burn injury on immune function. This study was established to determine whether burn injury has long-term clinical impacts on patients' immune responses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067702/duke-s-anesthesia-secrets-5th-edition
#11
Jennifer C Lau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061918/clinical-experience-and-learning-style-of-flight-nurse-and-aeromedical-evacuation-technician-students
#12
Marla J De Jong, Susan F Dukes, Karey M Dufour, Darcy L Mortimer
BACKGROUND: The clinical experience and preferred learning style of U.S. Air Force flight nurses and aeromedical evacuation technicians are unknown. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey design, we gathered data regarding the clinical experience, level of comfort providing clinical care, and preferred learning style of 77 active duty (AD), Air Force Reserve (AFR), and Air National Guard (ANG) nurses enrolled in the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Flight Nurse course, and 121 AD, AFR, and ANG medical technicians enrolled in the Aeromedical Evacuation Technician course...
January 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057559/propionibacterium-acnes-endocarditis-a-case-series
#13
Jona M Banzon, Susan J Rehm, Steven M Gordon, Syed T Hussain, Gosta B Pettersson, Nabin K Shrestha
OBJECTIVES: Propionibacterium acnes remains a rare cause of infective endocarditis (IE). It is challenging to diagnose due to the organism's fastidious nature and the indolent presentation of the disease. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical presentation and management of P. acnes IE with an emphasis on the methods of diagnosis. METHODS: We identified patients from the Cleveland Clinic Infective Endocarditis Registry who were admitted from 2007 to 2015 with definite IE by Duke Criteria...
January 2, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057245/alcohol-abuse-and-cardiac-disease
#14
Isaac R Whitman, Vratika Agarwal, Gregory Nah, Jonathan W Dukes, Eric Vittinghoff, Thomas A Dewland, Gregory M Marcus
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationship between alcohol abuse, a common and theoretically modifiable condition, and the most common cause of death in the world, cardiovascular disease, may inform potential prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: The study sought to investigate the associations among alcohol abuse and atrial fibrillation (AF), myocardial infarction (MI), and congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS: Using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database, we performed a longitudinal analysis of California residents ≥21 years of age who received ambulatory surgery, emergency, or inpatient medical care in California between 2005 and 2009...
January 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054216/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-filipino-versions-of-the-duke-university-religion-index-and-the-spiritual-coping-strategies-scale-in-filipino-hemodialysis-patients
#15
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Ralph Warren P Reyes, Paolo C Colet, Joel C Estacio, Sílvia Caldeira, Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Harold G Koenig
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Filipino versions of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-F) and the Spiritual Coping Strategies scale (SCS-F) for hemodialysis (HD) patients in the Philippines. A convenient sample of 162 HD patients was included in this descriptive, cross-sectional study. The DUREL-F and SCS-F exhibited acceptable internal consistency and stability reliability, as well as excellent content and construct validity. The findings confirmed the soundness of the psychometric properties of the two scales...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052061/integrated-genomic-characterization-of-oesophageal-carcinoma
#16
(no author information available yet)
Oesophageal cancers are prominent worldwide; however, there are few targeted therapies and survival rates for these cancers remain dismal. Here we performed a comprehensive molecular analysis of 164 carcinomas of the oesophagus derived from Western and Eastern populations. Beyond known histopathological and epidemiologic distinctions, molecular features differentiated oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas from oesophageal adenocarcinomas. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas resembled squamous carcinomas of other organs more than they did oesophageal adenocarcinomas...
January 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052033/glut-1-overexpression-as-an-unfavorable-prognostic-biomarker-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#17
Jing Yang, Jing Wen, Tian Tian, Zhongsheng Lu, Yao Wang, Zikai Wang, Xiangdong Wang, Yunsheng Yang
BACKGROUND: Glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) exhibits altered expression in colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to explore the association between GLUT-1 and survival conditions, as well as clinical features in CRC by meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant studies were searched through predefined strategies, hazard ratios (HRs), odds ratios (ORs), and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as effective measures. RESULTS: A total of 14 studies with 2,077 patients were included in this meta-analysis...
December 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050394/a-pilot-study-on-the-effect-of-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-on-platelet-aggregation-in-hypertensive-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Arun Suresh, Narendranath Sanji, Pallavi Mahadeva Kamath, Srinivas Lokikere Devendrappa, Shashikala Gowdara Hanumanthareddy, Imran Maniyar, Suresh Surappla Rudrappa
INTRODUCTION: Thrombosis is an invariable component contributing to cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension. One of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease is increased platelet activity. One among the widely used antihypertensive agents are Angiotensin II type 1 Receptor Blockers (ARBs). Even though there are many studies involving antihypertensive agents, their antithrombotic properties remain elusive and not fully characterized. AIM: To evaluate the anti-aggregatory effect of ARBs on platelets in-vivo...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048885/mo-d-brb-03-quality-assurance-of-sbrt
#19
J Roper
: Increased use of SBRT and hypofractionation in radiation oncology practice has posted a number of challenges to medical physicist, ranging from planning, image-guided patient setup and on-treatment monitoring, to quality assurance (QA) and dose delivery. This symposium is designed to provide current knowledge necessary for the safe and efficient implementation of SBRT in various linac platforms, including the emerging digital linacs equipped with high dose rate FFF beams. Issues related to 4D CT, PET and MRI simulations, 3D/4D CBCT guided patient setup, real-time image guidance during SBRT dose delivery using gated/un-gated VMAT/IMRT, and technical advancements in QA of SBRT (in particular, strategies dealing with high dose rate FFF beams) will be addressed...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048715/tu-d-207a-03-quantitative-assessment-of-ct-systems-with-iterative-image-reconstruction-algorithms
#20
K Li
: In recent several years, motivated by the need to reduce radiation doses in CT exams, all of the major CT manufacturers have commercialized different iterative image reconstruction techniques and these innovative techniques were used in clinical routines with increasing popularity. However, due to the intrinsic nonlinearity of these new techniques, the well accepted quantitative image quality assessment metrics such as spatial resolution and contrast to noise ratio are not sufficient to provide the needed quantitative metrics for assessing image quality and for guiding the CT scan protocol optimization...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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