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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061819/association-between-a-syndemic-of-psychosocial-problems-and-unprotected-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china
#1
Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Mengmeng Jia, Ajuan Liang, Dong Yuan, Zhe Sun, Feng Gan, Yichen Wang, Yong Cai, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have discussed the overlapping and reinforcing effects (defined as a syndemic) of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM). The present study aimed to apply the syndemic theory to verify the reinforcing effects of psychosocial problems on unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among MSM in Shanghai, and determine if other important psychosocial factors fit into the syndemic theory. METHODS: Data were collected from 547 MSM in Shanghai, China, through face-to-face interviews...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050650/number-of-psychosocial-strengths-predicts-reduced-hiv-sexual-risk-behaviors-above-and-beyond-syndemic-problems-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#2
Trevor A Hart, Syed W Noor, Barry D Adam, Julia R G Vernon, David J Brennan, Sandra Gardner, Winston Husbands, Ted Myers
Syndemics research shows the additive effect of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behavior among gay and bisexual men (GBM). Psychosocial strengths may predict less engagement in high-risk sexual behavior. In a study of 470 ethnically diverse HIV-negative GBM, regression models were computed using number of syndemic psychosocial problems, number of psychosocial strengths, and serodiscordant condomless anal sex (CAS). The number of syndemic psychosocial problems correlated with serodiscordant CAS (RR = 1...
January 3, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998171/co-infections-of-tuberculosis-hepatitis-b-or-c-viruses-in-a-cohort-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-china-predictors-and-sequelae
#3
Chen Zhang, Xiaoming Li, Yu Liu, Shan Qiao, Yi Chen, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen
The co-infection of viral hepatitis and tuberculosis (TB) among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) makes the syndemic of HIV even worse as there is higher mortality and morbidity among PLWHA with co-infections compared to people with HIV mono-infection. In the current study, we explored predictors and sequelae among a group of Chinese PLWHA to guide future program strategies and enhance the repertoire of action for both preventative and clinical purposes. Between October 2012 and August 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Guangxi Autonomous Region (Guangxi) of China...
December 21, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981398/identifying-resilience-resources-for-hiv-prevention-among-sexual-minority-men-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Eva N Woodward, Regina J Banks, Amy K Marks, David W Pantalone
Most HIV prevention for sexual minority men and men who have sex with men targets risk behaviors (e.g., condom use) and helps <50% of participants. Bolstering resilience might increase HIV prevention's effectiveness. This systematic review identified resilience resources (protective factors) in high-risk, HIV-negative, sexual minority men. We reviewed PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, MEDLINE, references, and Listservs for studies including sexual minority men with 1+ HIV risk factor (syndemics): childhood sexual abuse, partner abuse, substance abuse, or mental health symptoms...
December 15, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938393/drug-use-and-health-behaviour-among-german-men-who-have-sex-with-men-results-of-a-qualitative-multi-centre-study
#5
Daniel Deimel, Heino Stöver, Susann Hößelbarth, Anna Dichtl, Niels Graf, Viola Gebhardt
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a risk group for new HIV infections. Drug use among men who have sex with men is often accompanied by risky sexual behaviours. Local AIDS help centres and gay advice centres are recording an increase in drug use among MSM clients in Germany. This study examines reasons for drug use and drug use contexts for MSM, including syndemic factors and experiences of social support. METHODS: The study is based on a qualitative research approach...
December 9, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908449/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Joemer Calderon Maravilla, Gail Williams, Jake Moses Najman
This meta-analytic review examines the association between childhood sexual abuse and risky sexual behaviours with sub-group analyses by gender. Systematic searches of electronic databases including MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were performed using key terms. We used a priori criteria to include high quality studies and control for heterogeneities across eligible studies. The review was registered with PROSPERO and used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906009/current-trends-and-intricacies-in-the-management-of-hiv-associated-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#7
REVIEW
Narendran Gopalan, Padmapriyadarsini Chandrasekaran, Soumya Swaminathan, Srikanth Tripathy
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has undoubtedly increased the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) globally, posing a formidable global health challenge affecting 1.2 million cases. Pulmonary TB assumes utmost significance in the programmatic perspective as it is readily transmissible as well as easily diagnosable. HIV complicates every aspect of pulmonary tuberculosis from diagnosis to treatment, demanding a different approach to effectively tackle both the diseases. In order to control these converging epidemics, it is important to diagnose early, initiate appropriate therapy for both infections, prevent transmission and administer preventive therapy...
September 26, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898570/are-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-guidelines-for-preexposure-prophylaxis-specific-enough-formulation-of-a-personalized-hiv-risk-score-for-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-initiation
#8
Matthew R Beymer, Robert E Weiss, Catherine A Sugar, Linda B Bourque, Gilbert C Gee, Donald E Morisky, Suzanne B Shu, Marjan Javanbakht, Robert K Bolan
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has emerged as a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention tool for populations at highest risk for HIV infection. Current US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for identifying PrEP candidates may not be specific enough to identify gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) at the highest risk for HIV infection. We created an HIV risk score for HIV-negative MSM based on Syndemics Theory to develop a more targeted criterion for assessing PrEP candidacy...
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891291/knowledge-about-hiv-in-a-community-sample-of-urban-african-americans-in-the-south
#9
H Klein, C E Sterk, K W Elifson
PURPOSE: Race and HIV are intertwined in complex ways. African Americans, particularly those residing in the southern United States, are at great risk for contracting and subsequently transmitting HIV. Research on the extent to which members of this population understand the risks associated with engaging in specific behaviors is limited. This paper examines HIV knowledge among at-risk adult African American men and women and the factors associated with levels of HIV knowledge. METHODS: Based on a conceptual model derived from Social Disorganization Theory and Syndemics Theory, interviews were conducted between 2009 and 2011...
October 2016: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884181/prevalence-type-and-correlates-of-trauma-exposure-among-adolescent-men-and-women-in-soweto-south-africa-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#10
Kalysha Closson, Janan Janine Dietrich, Busi Nkala, Addy Musuku, Zishan Cui, Jason Chia, Glenda Gray, Nathan J Lachowsky, Robert S Hogg, Cari L Miller, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Youth trauma exposure is associated with syndemic HIV risk. We measured lifetime prevalence, type, and correlates of trauma experience by gender among adolescents living in the HIV hyper-endemic setting of Soweto, South Africa. METHODS: Using data from the Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Survey (BBAHS), prevalence of "ever" experiencing a traumatic event among adolescents (aged 14-19) was assessed using a modified Traumatic Event Screening Inventory-Child (TESI-C) scale (19 items, study alpha = 0...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844298/prospective-effects-of-a-syndemic-on-hiv-and-sti-incidence-and-risk-behaviors-in-a-cohort-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Brian Mustanski, Gregory Phillips, Daniel T Ryan, Gregory Swann, Lisa Kuhns, Rob Garofalo
Young men who have sex with men continue to be highly affected by HIV. To improve understanding of the role that multiple co-occurring health issues (i.e., syndemics) play in HIV acquisition, sophisticated modeling methods are needed. The purpose of this study was to use structural equation modeling to understand the structure of the syndemic and to test its longitudinal association with condomless anal sex. Data are from a longitudinal study of 450 YMSM. A primary syndemic component comprised of substance use, violence, and internalizing mental health factors significantly predicted the number of condomless anal sex partners in the full sample...
November 14, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752388/the-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-alcohol-related-problems-in-a-community-sample-of-african-american-women
#12
Hugh Klein, Claire E Sterk, Kirk W Elifson
Purpose. This study examines the prevalence of alcohol-related problems, the factors underlying these problems, and whether or not there is evidence of syndemic effects in a community population of southern, urban African American women. Methods. Questionnaire-based interviews were conducted with 817 women, all African American, from 80 targeted census block groups in Atlanta, Georgia. Results. Most of the alcohol users (67.8%) experienced at least one problem as a result of their alcohol (ab)use, with most women experiencing two or more such problems...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708678/current-trends-and-intricacies-in-the-management-of-hiv-associated-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#13
Narendran Gopalan, Padmapriyadarsini Chandrasekaran, Soumya Swaminathan, Srikanth Tripathy
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has undoubtedly increased the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) globally, posing a formidable global health challenge affecting 1.2 million cases. Pulmonary TB assumes utmost significance in the programmatic perspective as it is readily transmissible as well as easily diagnosable. HIV complicates every aspect of pulmonary tuberculosis from diagnosis to treatment, demanding a different approach to effectively tackle both the diseases. In order to control these converging epidemics, it is important to diagnose early, initiate appropriate therapy for both infections, prevent transmission and administer preventive therapy...
2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624727/using-syndemics-theory-to-investigate-risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-condomless-sex-among-youth-living-with-hiv-in-17-u-s-cities
#14
Jacob J van den Berg, M Isabel Fernández, Joseph L Fava, Don Operario, Bret J Rudy, Patrick A Wilson
Identifying risk and protective factors associated with condomless sex among youth living with HIV is imperative for developing effective HIV prevention strategies. A cross-sectional sample of 1728 participants, 12-26 years of age, recruited from adolescent medicine clinics in 17 U.S. cities completed an audio-computer assisted self-interview with questions about their substance use, psychosocial factors, and attitudinal and behavioral factors. Guided by syndemics theory, a path analysis was used to assess the interrelations of these factors...
September 13, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590737/the-spread-of-zika-and-the-potential-for-global-arbovirus-syndemics
#15
Merrill Singer
It is estimated that over a million people die each year from infectious diseases of zoonotic origin and hundreds of millions suffer from these pervasive threats to human well-being. In light of the emergent global concern over the Zika virus, evidence that it has not one but two competent mosquito vector species in the Aedes family, and that both can be co-infected with other pathogens including dengue and chikungunya, this paper examines research suggesting the prospect of significant twenty-first-century outbreaks of arbovirus syndemics...
September 2, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590004/beyond-the-syndemic-condom-negotiation-and-use-among-women-experiencing%C3%A2-partner-violence
#16
Courtney Peasant, Tami P Sullivan, Nicole H Weiss, Isabel Martinez, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) disproportionately affect women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV). OBJECTIVE: The current study (1) applied a syndemic framework to study the collective effects of problematic drug use, hazardous drinking, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on fear of condom negotiation, condom negotiation, and condom use and (2) evaluated condom negotiation (controlling for fear of condom negotiation) as a mediator of the association between syndemic severity and condom use among low-income IPV-exposed women...
September 2, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577087/modulation-of-the-immune-response-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-during-malaria-m-tuberculosis-co-infection
#17
R C Chukwuanukwu, C C Onyenekwe, L Martinez-Pomares, R Flynn, S Singh, G I Amilo, N R Agbakoba, J O Okoye
Tuberculosis (TB) causes significant morbidity and mortality on a global scale. The African region has 24% of the world's TB cases. TB overlaps with other infectious diseases such as malaria and HIV, which are also highly prevalent in the African region. TB is a leading cause of death among HIV-positive patients and co-infection with HIV and TB has been described as a syndemic. In view of the overlapping epidemiology of these diseases, it is important to understand the dynamics of the immune response to TB in the context of co-infection...
February 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571306/modulation-of-autoimmune-arthritis-severity-in-mice-by-apolipoprotein-e-apoe-and-cholesterol
#18
P Alvarez, F Genre, M Iglesias, J J Augustin, E Tamayo, J C Escolà-Gil, B Lavín, F Blanco-Vaca, R Merino, J Merino
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) deficiency promoted an exacerbation of autoimmune arthritis in mice by inducing proinflammatory immune responses. In this study we analysed the contribution of hypercholesterolaemia and/or the absence of ApoE anti-inflammatory properties, unrelated to its function in the control of cholesterol metabolism, towards the acceleration of arthritis in these mutant animals. The induction and severity of collagen type II-induced arthritis (CIA) were compared for B10.RIII wild-type (WT), B10...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565027/puerto-rican-latina-youth-coming-out-to-talk-about-sexuality-and-identity
#19
Alice Fiddian-Green, Aline C Gubrium, Jeffery C Peterson
Public health efforts focused on Latina youth sexuality are most commonly framed by the syndemic of teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, a narrow and often heteronormative focus that perpetuates silences that contribute to health inequities and overlooks the growing need for increased education, awareness, and support for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth. This article presents findings from the project Let's Talk About Sex: Digital Storytelling for Puerto Rican Latina Youth, which used a culturally centered, narrative-based approach for analyzing participants' own specifications of sexual values and practices...
August 26, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530401/socioecological-factors-influencing-women-s-hiv-risk-in-the-united-states-qualitative-findings-from-the-women-s-hiv-seroincidence-study-hptn-064
#20
Paula M Frew, Kimberly Parker, Linda Vo, Danielle Haley, Ann O'Leary, Dazon Dixon Diallo, Carol E Golin, Irene Kuo, Lydia Soto-Torres, Jing Wang, Adaora A Adimora, Laura A Randall, Carlos Del Rio, Sally Hodder
BACKGROUND: We sought to understand the multilevel syndemic factors that are concurrently contributing to the HIV epidemic among women living in the US. We specifically examined community, network, dyadic, and individual factors to explain HIV vulnerability within a socioecological framework. METHODS: We gathered qualitative data (120 interviews and 31 focus groups) from a subset of women ages 18-44 years (N = 2,099) enrolled in the HPTN 064 HIV seroincidence estimation study across 10 US communities...
August 17, 2016: BMC Public Health
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