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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100220/conjoint-treatment-a-novel-approach-to-target-the-syndemic-conditions-of-trauma-substance-abuse-and-hiv-in-women-living-with-hiv
#1
Kristyn Pellecchia, Amelia Roeschlein, Jennifer Lewis, Maria Zuniga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068716/perspectives-on-hiv-testing-among-wic-enrolled-postpartum-women-implications-for-intervention-development
#2
Yukiko Washio, Elizabeth Novack Wright, Dalmacio Flores, Annet Davis, Jesse Chittams, Claire Anagnostopulos, Linda M Kilby, Anne M Teitelman
Low-income minority women are disproportionately represented among those living with HIV in the U.S and also at-risk for substance abuse and intimate partner violence-collectively called the SAVA syndemic-which may impede HIV testing uptake. Views about HIV testing were assessed among women (ages 18-29) enrolled in a federally funded nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC) in a large Mid-Atlantic city. A survey (n = 80) and three focus groups were conducted in WIC offices located in neighborhoods with high HIV prevalence...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990883/learning-to-address-multiple-syndemics-for-people-living-with-hiv-through-client-perspectives-on-cbt
#3
Nicholas S Perry, Jocelyn E Remmert, Christina Psaros, Megan Pinkston, Steven A Safren
OBJECTIVE: The mental health burden among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is high and often involves multiple comorbid psychological and substance use-related psychosocial problems. These co-occurring problems, or syndemics, additively impair engagement in HIV disease management. Existing psychotherapies for mental health and HIV health have generally focused on a single psychosocial problem and little research exists to guide future psychotherapies that address multiple mental health issues...
October 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967772/psychometric-analysis-of-the-life-worries-scale-for-a-new-generation-of-sexual-minority-men-the-p18-cohort-study
#4
Perry N Halkitis, Stephanie H Cook, Annie Ristuccia, James Despotoulis, Michael D Levy, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority men (SMM) in the United States continue to experience adverse health problems and psychosocial burdens. However, there is limited psychometric research seeking to quantify the life worries of this population. Informed by syndemic theory, the Life Worries Scale (LWS) was developed to measure the concerns of young SMM. METHOD: Analyses of the scale were undertaken using baseline data (n = 665) from an ongoing cohort study of emerging adult, SMM...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954053/hiv-aids-tuberculosis-and-tobacco-in-brazil-a-syndemic-that-calls-for-integrated-interventions
#5
Thomas Novotny, Erik Hendrickson, Elizabeth C C Soares, Andrea B Sereno, Susan M Kiene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936431/syndemic-risk-classes-and-substance-use-problems-among-adults-in-high-risk-urban-areas-a-latent-class-analysis
#6
Charles M Cleland, Stephanie T Lanza, Sara A Vasilenko, Marya Gwadz
Substance use problems tend to co-occur with risk factors that are especially prevalent in urban communities with high rates of poverty. The present study draws on Syndemics Theory to understand profiles of risk and resilience and their associations with substance use problems in a population at risk for adverse outcomes. African-American/Black and Hispanic heterosexual adults (N = 2,853) were recruited by respondent-driven sampling from an urban area with elevated poverty rates, and completed a structured assessment battery covering sociodemographics, syndemic factors (that is, multiple, co-occurring risk factors), and substance use...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840435/psychosocial-syndemic-correlates-of-sexual-compulsivity-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-meta-analysis
#7
Benjamin M Rooney, Tyler G Tulloch, Aaron J Blashill
Efforts have been made to better understand sexual compulsivity by examining salient psychosocial syndemic correlates, though examination of such factors has yielded inconclusive results. Given that research on sexual compulsivity has predominately involved men who have sex with men (MSM), the aims of the current study were to establish the mean effect sizes of seven psychosocial syndemic indicators with sexual compulsivity, to determine if the effect varied as a function of the type of psychosocial syndemic, and investigate the potential moderating effects using MSM samples...
August 24, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829824/a-syndemic-approach-to-assess-the-effect-of-substance-use-and-social-disparities-on-the-evolution-of-hiv-hcv-infections-in-british-columbia
#8
Zahid Ahmad Butt, Nabin Shrestha, Stanley Wong, Margot Kuo, Dionne Gesink, Mark Gilbert, Jason Wong, Amanda Yu, Maria Alvarez, Hasina Samji, Jane A Buxton, James C Johnston, Victoria J Cook, David Roth, Theodora Consolacion, Michelle Murti, Travis S Hottes, Gina Ogilvie, Robert Balshaw, Mark W Tyndall, Mel Krajden, Naveed Z Janjua
BACKGROUND: Co-occurrence of social conditions and infections may affect HIV/HCV disease risk and progression. We examined the changes in relationship of these social conditions and infections on HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections over time in British Columbia during 1990-2013. METHODS: The BC Hepatitis Testers Cohort (BC-HTC) includes ~1.5 million individuals tested for HIV or HCV, or reported as a case of HCV, HIV, HBV, or tuberculosis linked to administrative healthcare databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814840/epidemiology-and-synergistic-hepatopathology-of-malaria-and-hepatitis-c-virus-coinfection
#9
REVIEW
Idris Abdullahi Nasir, Sa'adatu Yakubu, Jelili Olaide Mustapha
Malaria and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are very common causes of human suffering with overlapping global geographic distributions. With the growing incidence of HCV infections in malaria-endemic zones and malaria in areas with exceptionally high HCV prevalence, coinfections and syndemism of both pathogens are likely to occur. However, studies of malaria and HCV coinfections are very rare despite the fact that liver-stage plasmodiasis and hepatitis C develop in hepatocytes which may synergistically interact...
2017: Virology: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741417/syndemics-of-stigma-minority-stress-maladaptive-coping-risk-environments-and-littoral-spaces-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-chemsex
#10
Alex Pollard, Tom Nadarzynski, Carrie Llewellyn
There has been a steep rise in the use of drugs during sex (chemsex) by some men who have sex with men in economically developed countries, with associated increases in sexual risk for HIV and other STIs. This paper presents data from telephone interviews with 15 men attending sexual health clinics for post-exposure prophylaxis following a chemsex-related risk for HIV and discusses some of the theoretical approaches that have been employed to understand chemsex and inform interventions. Interviews were conducted as part of a larger intervention study, which used an adapted version of motivational Interviewing to explore risk behaviour and support change...
July 25, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707175/acculturation-and-syndemic-risk-longitudinal-evaluation-of-risk-factors-among-pregnant-latina-adolescents-in-new-york-city
#11
Isabel Martinez, Trace S Kershaw, Danya Keene, Rafael Perez-Escamilla, Jessica B Lewis, Jonathan N Tobin, Jeannette R Ickovics
BACKGROUND: Syndemics are co-occurring epidemics that synergistically contribute to specific risks or health outcomes. Although there is substantial evidence demonstrating their existence, little is known about their change over time in adolescents. PURPOSE: The objectives of this paper were to identify longitudinal changes in a syndemic of substance use, intimate partner violence, and depression and determine whether immigration/cultural factors moderate this syndemic over time...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669024/substance-use-disorders-violence-mental-health-and-hiv-differentiating-a-syndemic-factor-by-gender-and-sexuality
#12
Kiyomi Tsuyuki, Eileen V Pitpitan, Maria A Levi-Minzi, Lianne A Urada, Steven P Kurtz, Jamila K Stockman, Hilary L Surratt
This paper measures syndemic substance use disorder, violence, and mental health and compares the syndemic among HIV-infected heterosexual men, heterosexual women, and men who have sex with men (MSM). Data were from a sample of high needs substance-using, HIV-infected people in South Florida between 2010 and 2012 (n = 481). We used confirmatory factor analysis to measure a syndemic latent variable and applied measurement invariance models to identify group differences in the data structure of syndemic co-morbidities among heterosexual men, heterosexual women, and MSM...
August 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645707/syndemic-factors-mediate-the-relationship-between-sexual-stigma-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women-and-gender-minorities
#13
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Tonia Poteat, Anne C Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Stigma and discrimination contribute to elevated depression risks among sexual minority women (SMW) and gender minority (GM) people who identify as lesbian, bisexual, or queer. Syndemics theory posits that adverse psychosocial outcomes cluster to negatively impact health and mental health outcomes among sexual minorities. We tested whether a syndemic condition composed of low social support, low self-rated health, low self-esteem, and economic insecurity mediated the relationship between sexual stigma and depressive symptoms among SMW/GM...
September 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632094/the-interactive-effects-of-social-support-and-physical-functioning-on-hiv-medical-outcomes-among-african-americans-whom-inject-drugs
#14
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Julie A Denison, Roland J Thorpe, Amy R Knowlton
Research suggests a syndemic of substance use, mental illness, and familial conflict is associated with poor HIV medical outcomes among African American persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Social support may facilitate positive health outcomes. This study explores psychosocial correlates of HIV medical outcomes, defined as undetectable viral load (UVL) and acute care minimization. Data were from baseline of the BEACON study (N = 351). UVL was ≤40 copies/mL. Acute care minimization was defined as no ER visits and/or hospitalizations in 6 months...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587607/design-of-a-syndemic-based-intervention-to-facilitate-care-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-high-risk-behaviour-the-syn-bas-in-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Roel C A Achterbergh, Jannie J van der Helm, Wim van den Brink, Henry J C de Vries
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) constitute a risk group for sexual transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. Despite counselling interventions, risk behaviour remains high. Syndemic theory holds that psychosocial problems often co-occur, interact and mutually reinforce each other, thereby increasing high risk behaviours and co-occurring diseases. Therefore, if co-occurring psychosocial problems were assessed and treated simultaneously, this might decrease high risk behaviour and disease...
June 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555161/a-systems-dynamic-model-for-drug-abuse-and-drug-related-crime-in-the-western-cape-province-of-south-africa
#16
Farai Nyabadza, Lezanie Coetzee
The complex problem of drug abuse and drug-related crimes in communities in the Western Cape province cannot be studied in isolation but through the system they are embedded in. In this paper, a theoretical model to evaluate the syndemic of substance abuse and drug-related crimes within the Western Cape province of South Africa is constructed and explored. The dynamics of drug abuse and drug-related crimes within the Western Cape are simulated using STELLA software. The simulation results are consistent with the data from SACENDU and CrimeStats SA, highlighting the usefulness of such a model in designing and planning interventions to combat substance abuse and its related problems...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541070/syndemic-conditions-and-hiv-transmission-risk-behavior-among-hiv-negative-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#17
Jeffrey T Parsons, Brett M Millar, Raymond L Moody, Tyrel J Starks, H Jonathon Rendina, Christian Grov
OBJECTIVE: The syndemics framework has been used to explain the high rates of HIV infection among gay and bisexual men. However, most studies have relied primarily on urban or otherwise limited (e.g., single location) samples. We evaluated the prevalence of syndemics-here, depression, polydrug use, childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence, and sexual compulsivity-among gay and bisexual men from across the United States, including nonurban areas. METHOD: Using data from a national sample of 1,033 HIV-negative gay and bisexual men, demographic differences in the prevalence of each syndemic condition and associations with HIV transmission risk behavior were examined...
July 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410973/the-influence-of-relationship-power-and-partner-communication-on-the-syndemic-factor-among-hispanic-women
#18
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Brian E McCabe, Esther Mathurin, Summer D DeBastiani, Nilda Peragallo Montano
BACKGROUND: This study expands research on the substance abuse, intimate partner violence, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and depression syndemic theory for Hispanic women. We hypothesized relationship power and partner communication would be related to the syndemic. METHODS: Data were used from the baseline assessment of an effectiveness trial of SEPA (Salud/Health, Educación/Education, Prevención/Prevention, and Autocuidado/Self-care), an HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk reduction program for Hispanic women...
July 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395172/monocyte-bioenergetic-function-is-associated-with-body-composition-in-virologically-suppressed-hiv-infected-women
#19
Amanda L Willig, Philip A Kramer, Balu K Chacko, Victor M Darley-Usmar, Sonya L Heath, E Turner Overton
Women living with HIV may present with high levels of body fat that are associated with altered bioenergetic function. Excess body fat may therefore exacerbate the bioenergetic dysfunction observed with HIV infection. To determine if body fat is associated with bioenergetic function in HIV, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 42 women with HIV who were virologically suppressed on antiretroviral therapy. Body composition was determined via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Oxygen consumption rate (OCR) of monocytes was sorted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from participants in the fasting state...
August 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394721/hiv-related-syndemic-pathways-and-risk-subjectivities-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-a-qualitative-investigation
#20
Barry D Adam, Trevor A Hart, Jack Mohr, Todd Coleman, Julia Vernon
Life history interviews were conducted with 40 gay and bisexual men to identify modes of syndemic experience and risk practice. Out of the interview narratives emerged one major and two minor modes of developmental pathway whereby syndemic conditions are navigated and expressed: (1) a combination of adverse childhood events with later episodes of depression and/or substantial substance use; (2) personal disruption that led to periods of depression and anxiety associated with the stresses of migration; and (3) a disorientation and an unravelling of life trajectory in the transition from family of origin to college or work...
April 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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