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Syndemic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410973/the-influence-of-relationship-power-and-partner-communication-on-the-syndemic-factor-among-hispanic-women
#1
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Brian E McCabe, Esther Mathurin, Summer D DeBastiani, Nilda Peragallo Montano
BACKGROUND: This study expands research on the substance abuse, intimate partner violence, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and depression syndemic theory for Hispanic women. We hypothesized relationship power and partner communication would be related to the syndemic. METHODS: Data were used from the baseline assessment of an effectiveness trial of SEPA (Salud/Health, Educación/Education, Prevención/Prevention, and Autocuidado/Self-care), an HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk reduction program for Hispanic women...
April 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395172/monocyte-bioenergetic-function-is-associated-with-body-composition-in-virologically-suppressed-hiv-infected-women
#2
Amanda L Willig, Philip A Kramer, Balu K Chacko, Victor M Darley-Usmar, Sonya L Heath, E Turner Overton
Women living with HIV may present with high levels of body fat that are associated with altered bioenergetic function. Excess body fat may therefore exacerbate the bioenergetic dysfunction observed with HIV infection. To determine if body fat is associated with bioenergetic function in HIV, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 42 women with HIV who were virologically suppressed on antiretroviral therapy. Body composition was determined via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Oxygen consumption rate (OCR) of monocytes was sorted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from participants in the fasting state...
April 4, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394721/hiv-related-syndemic-pathways-and-risk-subjectivities-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-a-qualitative-investigation
#3
Barry D Adam, Trevor A Hart, Jack Mohr, Todd Coleman, Julia Vernon
Life history interviews were conducted with 40 gay and bisexual men to identify modes of syndemic experience and risk practice. Out of the interview narratives emerged one major and two minor modes of developmental pathway whereby syndemic conditions are navigated and expressed: (1) a combination of adverse childhood events with later episodes of depression and/or substantial substance use; (2) personal disruption that led to periods of depression and anxiety associated with the stresses of migration; and (3) a disorientation and an unravelling of life trajectory in the transition from family of origin to college or work...
April 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384128/hiv-services-provided-by-std-programs-in-state-and-local-health-departments-united-states-2013-2014
#4
Kendra M Cuffe, Precious Esie, Jami S Leichliter, Thomas L Gift
The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States is higher among persons with other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the incidence of other STDs is increased among persons with HIV infection (1). Because infection with an STD increases the risk for HIV acquisition and transmission (1-4), successfully treating STDs might help reduce the spread of HIV among persons at high risk (1-4). Because health department STD programs provide services to populations who are at risk for HIV, ensuring service integration and coordination could potentially reduce the incidence of STDs and HIV...
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351006/variola-minor-in-coalfield-areas-of-england-and-wales-1921-34-geographical-determinants-of-a-national-smallpox-epidemic-that-spread-out-of-effective-control
#5
Matthew R Smallman-Raynor, Sarah Rafferty, Andrew D Cliff
This paper uses techniques of binary logistic regression to identify the spatial determinants of the last national epidemic of smallpox to spread in England and Wales, the variola minor epidemic of 1921-34. Adjusting for age and county-level variations in vaccination coverage in infancy, the analysis identifies a dose-response gradient with increasing odds of elevated smallpox rates in local government areas with (i) medium (odds ratio [OR] = 5.32, 95% Confidence Interval [95% CI] 1.96-14.41) and high (OR = 11...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341890/syndemic-conditions-reinforcing-disparities-in-hiv-and-other-stis-in-an-urban-sample-of-behaviorally-bisexual-latino-men
#6
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Omar Martinez, Ethan C Levine, Brian T Mattera, M Isabel Fernandez
Syndemics research has made great contributions to understanding sexual risk among Latino men who have sex with men. However, such work often combines data for behaviorally bisexual men with data for men with exclusively same-sex partners. Using cross-sectional data from 148 behaviorally bisexual Latino men, this study explored the impact of syndemic factors-polydrug use, childhood sexual abuse, and depression-on sexual risk behaviors and STI incidence. Approximately one-third of participants reported polydrug use, 22% reported childhood sexual abuse, and 26% screened for clinically significant depressive symptoms...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271848/co-occurring-epidemics-syndemics-and-population-health
#7
Alexander C Tsai, Emily Mendenhall, James A Trostle, Ichiro Kawachi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271847/syndemic-vulnerability-and-the-right-to-health
#8
REVIEW
Sarah S Willen, Michael Knipper, César E Abadía-Barrero, Nadav Davidovitch
Investigators working both in syndemics, a field of applied health research with roots in medical anthropology, and in the field of health and human rights recognise that upstream social, political, and structural determinants contribute more to health inequities than do biological factors or personal choices. Syndemics investigates synergistic, often deleterious interactions among comorbid health conditions, especially under circumstances of structural and political adversity. Health and human rights research draws on international law to argue that all people deserve access not only to health care, but also to the underlying determinants of good health...
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271846/non-communicable-disease-syndemics-poverty-depression-and-diabetes-among-low-income-populations
#9
REVIEW
Emily Mendenhall, Brandon A Kohrt, Shane A Norris, David Ndetei, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
The co-occurrence of health burdens in transitioning populations, particularly in specific socioeconomic and cultural contexts, calls for conceptual frameworks to improve understanding of risk factors, so as to better design and implement prevention and intervention programmes to address comorbidities. The concept of a syndemic, developed by medical anthropologists, provides such a framework for preventing and treating comorbidities. The term syndemic refers to synergistic health problems that affect the health of a population within the context of persistent social and economic inequalities...
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271845/syndemics-and-the-biosocial-conception-of-health
#10
REVIEW
Merrill Singer, Nicola Bulled, Bayla Ostrach, Emily Mendenhall
The syndemics model of health focuses on the biosocial complex, which consists of interacting, co-present, or sequential diseases and the social and environmental factors that promote and enhance the negative effects of disease interaction. This emergent approach to health conception and clinical practice reconfigures conventional historical understanding of diseases as distinct entities in nature, separate from other diseases and independent of the social contexts in which they are found. Rather, all of these factors tend to interact synergistically in various and consequential ways, having a substantial impact on the health of individuals and whole populations...
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271827/syndemics-a-new-path-for-global-health-research
#11
Emily Mendenhall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271826/syndemics-committing-to-a-healthier-future
#12
Laura Hart, Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271823/syndemics-health-in-context
#13
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260636/hiv-risk-behaviours-among-immigrant-and-ethnic-minority-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-north-america-and-europe-a-systematic-review
#14
Nathaniel M Lewis, Kathi Wilson
HIV surveillance systems show that gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of HIV in North American and European countries. Within the MSM category, HIV prevalence is often elevated among ethnic minority (i.e., Latino, Asian, and Black) MSM, many of whom are also foreign-born immigrants. Little research has focused specifically on foreign-born populations, though studies that provide data on the nativity of their samples offer an opportunity to investigate the potential role of transnational migration in informing HIV risk among ethnic minority MSM...
February 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256380/the-cursed-duet-today-tuberculosis-and-hiv-coinfection
#15
REVIEW
Simon Tiberi, Anna Cristina C Carvalho, Giorgia Sulis, Devan Vaghela, Adrian Rendon, Fernanda C de Q Mello, Ananna Rahman, Nashaba Matin, Ali Zumla, Emanuele Pontali
The tuberculosis (TB) and HIV syndemic continues to rage and are a major public health concern worldwide. This deadly association raises complexity and represent a significant barrier towards TB elimination. TB continues to be the leading cause of death amongst HIV-infected people. This paper reports the challenges that lay ahead and outlines some of the current and future strategies that may be able to address this co-epidemic efficiently. Improved diagnostics, cheaper and more effective drugs, shorter treatment regimens for both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant TB are discussed...
March 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254659/water-insecurity-in-a-syndemic-context-understanding-the-psycho-emotional-stress-of-water-insecurity-in-lesotho-africa
#16
Cassandra L Workman, Heather Ureksoy
Syndemics occur when populations experience synergistic and multiplicative effects of co-occurring epidemics. Proponents of syndemic theory highlight the importance of understanding the social context in which diseases spread and cogently argue that there are biocultural effects of external stresses such as food insecurity and water insecurity. Thus, a holistic understanding of disease or social vulnerability must incorporate an examination of the emotional and social effects of these phenomena. This paper is a response to the call for a renewed focus on measuring the psycho-emotional and psychosocial effects of food insecurity and water insecurity...
February 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164820/medical-care-of-the-homeless-an-american-and-international-issue
#17
REVIEW
Sheryl B Fleisch, Robertson Nash
Homeless persons die significantly younger than their housed counterparts. In many cases, relatively straightforward primary care issues escalate into life-threatening, expensive emergencies. Poor health outcomes driven by negative interactions between comorbid symptoms meet the definition of a health syndemic in this population. Successful primary care of patients struggling with homelessness may result in long-term lifesaving measures along with decreased expenditure to hospital systems. This primary prevention requires patience, creativity, and acknowledgment that the source of many confounders may lay outside the control of these patients...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125153/association-of-tuberculosis-with-multimorbidity-and-social-networks
#18
Hiram Valenzuela-Jiménez, Edgar Fabian Manrique-Hernández, Alvaro Javier Idrovo
The combination of tuberculosis with other diseases can affect tuberculosis treatment within populations. In the present study, social network analysis of data retrieved from the Mexican National Epidemiological Surveillance System was used in order to explore associations between the number of contacts and multimorbidity. The node degree was calculated for each individual with tuberculosis and included information from 242 contacts without tuberculosis. Multimorbidity was identified in 49.89% of individuals...
January 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061819/association-between-a-syndemic-of-psychosocial-problems-and-unprotected-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china
#19
Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Mengmeng Jia, Ajuan Liang, Dong Yuan, Zhe Sun, Feng Gan, Yichen Wang, Yong Cai, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have discussed the overlapping and reinforcing effects (defined as a syndemic) of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM). The present study aimed to apply the syndemic theory to verify the reinforcing effects of psychosocial problems on unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among MSM in Shanghai, and determine if other important psychosocial factors fit into the syndemic theory. METHODS: Data were collected from 547 MSM in Shanghai, China, through face-to-face interviews...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050650/number-of-psychosocial-strengths-predicts-reduced-hiv-sexual-risk-behaviors-above-and-beyond-syndemic-problems-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#20
Trevor A Hart, Syed W Noor, Barry D Adam, Julia R G Vernon, David J Brennan, Sandra Gardner, Winston Husbands, Ted Myers
Syndemics research shows the additive effect of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behavior among gay and bisexual men (GBM). Psychosocial strengths may predict less engagement in high-risk sexual behavior. In a study of 470 ethnically diverse HIV-negative GBM, regression models were computed using number of syndemic psychosocial problems, number of psychosocial strengths, and serodiscordant condomless anal sex (CAS). The number of syndemic psychosocial problems correlated with serodiscordant CAS (RR = 1...
January 3, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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