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Qiong Zheng, Wenjiang Huang, Ximin Cui, Yue Shi, Linyi Liu
Yellow rust is one of the most destructive diseases for winter wheat and has led to a significant decrease in winter wheat quality and yield. Identifying and monitoring yellow rust is of great importance for guiding agricultural production over large areas. Compared with traditional crop disease discrimination methods, remote sensing technology has proven to be a useful tool for accomplishing such a task at large scale. This study explores the potential of the Sentinel-2 Multispectral Instrument (MSI), a newly launched satellite with refined spatial resolution and three red-edge bands, for discriminating between yellow rust infection severities (i...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
Laurent Frey, Lilian Masarotto, Loubna El Melhaoui, Sophie Verrun, Stéphane Minoret, Guillaume Rodriguez, Agathe André, Frédéric Ritton, Pascale Parrein
New architectures of interference silver-dielectric multilayer filters inspired from induced transmission designs are investigated with the prospect of high-performance red-green-blue (RGB) complementary metal oxide semiconductor imaging. The optimized designs provide combined colorimetric, signal-to-noise ratio and sensitivity performances similar to the traditional organic color filters, but without the equirement of an external infrared (IR)-cut filter, which enables the integration of additional channels such as white or IR, in addition to RGB...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Santosh Shrestha, Henrik Bak Topbjerg, Nanna Karkov Ytting, Henrik Skovgård, Birte Boelt
BACKGROUND: Multispectral (MS) imaging system is a non-destructive method that has potential in reducing labour and time required for quality control in the production of beneficial arthropods like the parasitoid Bathyplectus curculionis. In Denmark, a project is focusing on possible use of B. curculionis in augmentative control of Hypera weevil pests in white clover seed production where cocoons of the parasitoid remain as a by-product of seed processing. Only a fraction of the by-product contains live parasitoid larvae and requires an effective method for sorting the live cocoons for later augmentative control of the pest...
March 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
Efthymios Maneas, Wenfeng Xia, Olumide Ogunlade, Martina Fonseca, Daniil I Nikitichev, Anna L David, Simeon J West, Sebastien Ourselin, Jeremy C Hebden, Tom Vercauteren, Adrien E Desjardins
Tissue-mimicking phantoms are widely used for the calibration, evaluation and standardisation of medical imaging systems, and for clinical training. For photoacoustic imaging, tissue-mimicking materials (TMMs) that have tuneable optical and acoustic properties, high stability, and mechanical robustness are highly desired. In this study, gel wax is introduced as a TMM that satisfies these criteria for developing photoacoustic imaging phantoms. The reduced scattering and optical absorption coefficients were independently tuned with the addition of TiO2 and oil-based inks...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Anne M Stowman, Alexandra W Hickman, Ileana S Mauldin, Adela Mahmutovic, Alejandro A Gru, Craig L Slingluff
Desmoplastic melanomas (DM) have unique and challenging clinical presentations and histomorphology. A characteristic feature is the presence of scattered lymphoid aggregates. However, the nature of these aggregates is not defined. We hypothesized that they may be tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS), and may be associated with programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. We searched our tissue database for 'pure' DMs and for scars as control tissues, collected clinical information, and reviewed H&E histology...
March 13, 2018: Melanoma Research
Ruiqing Ni, Markus Vaas, Wuwei Ren, Jan Klohs
Oxygen metabolism and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. Using multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) imaging, we visualized in vivo changes in cerebral tissue oxygenation during 1 h of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) and at 48 h after reperfusion together with MMP activity using an MMP-activatable probe. The deoxyhemoglobin, oxyhemoglobin, and MMP signals were coregistered with structural magnetic resonance imaging data...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
Balakrishnan Nirmal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Bushra Jalil, Valentina Hartwig, Ovidio Salvetti, Luca Potì, Luna Gargani, Tatiana Barskova, Marco Matucci Cerinic, A L'Abbate
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients affected by systemic sclerosis (SSc) develop functional and structural microcirculatory dysfunction, which progressively evolves towards systemic tissue fibrosis (sclerosis). Disease initially affects distal extremities, which become preferential sites of diagnostic scrutiny. This pilot investigation tested the hypothesis that peripheral microcirculatory dysfunction in SSc could be non-invasively assessed by 2D Near Infrared Spectroscopic (NIRS) imaging of the hand associated with Vascular Occlusion Testing (VOT)...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Benjamin E Sherlock, Jenna N Harvestine, Debika Mitra, Anne Haudenschild, Jerry Hu, Kyriacos A Athanasiou, J Kent Leach, Laura Marcu
We investigate the use of a fiber-based, multispectral fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) system to nondestructively monitor changes in mechanical properties of collagen hydrogels caused by controlled application of widely used cross-linking agents, glutaraldehyde (GTA) and ribose. Postcross-linking, fluorescence lifetime images are acquired prior to the hydrogels being processed by rheological or tensile testing to directly probe gel mechanical properties. To preserve the sterility of the ribose-treated gels, FLIm is performed inside a biosafety cabinet (BSC)...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Zhan Li, Michael Schaefer, Alan Strahler, Crystal Schaaf, David Jupp
The Dual-Wavelength Echidna Lidar (DWEL), a full waveform terrestrial laser scanner (TLS), has been used to scan a variety of forested and agricultural environments. From these scanning campaigns, we summarize the benefits and challenges given by DWEL's novel coaxial dual-wavelength scanning technology, particularly for the three-dimensional (3D) classification of vegetation elements. Simultaneous scanning at both 1064 nm and 1548 nm by DWEL instruments provides a new spectral dimension to TLS data that joins the 3D spatial dimension of lidar as an information source...
April 6, 2018: Interface Focus
Sanna Kaasalainen, Markku Åkerblom, Olli Nevalainen, Teemu Hakala, Mikko Kaasalainen
Multispectral terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is an emerging technology. Several manufacturers already offer commercial dual or three wavelength airborne laser scanners, while multispectral TLS is still carried out mainly with research instruments. Many of these research efforts have focused on the study of vegetation. The aim of this paper is to study the uncertainty of the measurement of spectral indices of vegetation with multispectral lidar. Using two spectral indices as examples, we find that the uncertainty is due to systematic errors caused by the wavelength dependency of laser incidence angle effects...
April 6, 2018: Interface Focus
Jacob C Simon, Donald A Curtis, Cynthia L Darling, Daniel Fried
In vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated that near-infrared (NIR) light at λ=1300-1700-nm can be used to acquire high contrast images of enamel demineralization without interference of stains. The objective of this study was to determine if a relationship exists between the NIR image contrast of occlusal lesions and the depth of the lesion. Extracted teeth with varying amounts of natural occlusal decay were measured using a multispectral-multimodal NIR imaging system which captures λ=1300-nm occlusal transillumination, and λ=1500-1700-nm cross-polarized reflectance images...
January 2018: Proceedings of SPIE
Xue Yang, Yajia Hu, Gang Li, Ling Lin
This paper proposes an optimized lighting method of applying a shaped-function signal for increasing the dynamic range of light emitting diode (LED)-multispectral imaging system. The optimized lighting method is based on the linear response zone of the analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) and the spectral response of the camera. The auxiliary light at a higher sensitivity-camera area is introduced to increase the A/D quantization levels that are within the linear response zone of ADC and improve the signal-to-noise ratio...
February 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
Shoubin Chen, Jingbin Liu, Wenchao Huang, Ruizhi Chen
The development of Earth observation systems has changed the nature of survey and mapping products, as well as the methods for updating maps. Among optical satellite mapping methods, the multiline array stereo and agile stereo modes are the most common methods for acquiring stereo images. However, differences in temporal resolution and spatial coverage limit their application. In terms of this issue, our study takes advantage of the wide spatial coverage and high revisit frequencies of wide swath images and aims at verifying the feasibility of stereo mapping with the wide swath stereo mode and reaching a reliable stereo accuracy level using calibration...
March 1, 2018: Sensors
Dirk Grosenick, Heidrun Wabnitz, Rainer Macdonald
Optical imaging of biological tissue in vivo at multiple wavelengths in the near-infrared (NIR) spectral range can be achieved with picosecond time resolution at high sensitivity by time-correlated single photon counting. Measuring and analyzing the distribution of times of flight of photons randomly propagated through the tissue has been applied for diffuse optical imaging and spectroscopy, e.g. of human breast tissue and of the brain. In this article, we review the main features and the potential of NIR multispectral imaging with picosecond time resolution and illustrate them by exemplar applications in these fields...
March 1, 2018: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Christian Rosenberg Petersen, Nikola Prtljaga, Mark Farries, Jon Ward, Bruce Napier, Gavin Rhys Lloyd, Jayakrupakar Nallala, Nick Stone, Ole Bang
We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of mid-infrared supercontinuum (SC) tissue imaging at wavelengths beyond 5 μm using a fiber-coupled SC source spanning 2-7.5 μm. The SC was generated in a tapered large-mode-area chalcogenide photonic crystal fiber in order to obtain broad bandwidth, high average power, and single-mode output for diffraction-limited imaging performance. Tissue imaging was demonstrated in transmission at selected wavelengths between 5.7 (1754  cm-1 ) and 7...
March 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Ming Ren, Bo Song, Tianxin Zhuang, Shujing Yang
Light emitted from partial discharges (PDs) in SF6 gas is investigated in the view point of insulation status diagnostics. Light intensity and integral spectrum of PD are proved to have significant correlations with PD activities and the involved dielectric interfaces. Based on synchronous light pulse detections in ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS) and near-infrared (NIR) regions, the multispectral stochastic PD diagnosis is realized with more information beyond the conventional PD detections. The optical PD detection is also compared with ultra-high frequency (UHF) PD detection and acoustic emission (AE) PD detection in term of linearity, sensitivity and statistical property...
February 20, 2018: ISA Transactions
Alex M Glazer, Aaron S Farberg, Richard R Winkelmann, Natalie Tucker, Darrell S Rigel
Background/Study Aim: A multispectral digital skin lesion analysis (MSDSLA) device has proven to be sensitive and specific for malignant melanoma (MM) detection by dermatologists and may have other useful applications. This study aimed to develop and test objective quantitative Asymmetry, Border irregularity, Color, and Diameter (qABCD) parameters for MSDSLA and correlate them with the presence of clinical ABCD features to aid the decision to biopsy a suspicious pigmented skin lesions (PSLs). METHODS: 1632 benign and malignant [175 MM/High Grade Dysplastic Nevi (HGDN)] were evaluated for their qABCD parameters...
August 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Dimosthenis Traganos, Peter Reinartz
Recent research studies have highlighted the decrease in the coverage of Mediterranean seagrasses due to mainly anthropogenic activities. The lack of data on the distribution of these significant aquatic plants complicates the quantification of their decreasing tendency. While Mediterranean seagrasses are declining, satellite remote sensing technology is growing at an unprecedented pace, resulting in a wealth of spaceborne image time series. Here, we exploit recent advances in high spatial resolution sensors and machine learning to study Mediterranean seagrasses...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Junichi Kurihara, Yukihiro Takahashi, Yuji Sakamoto, Toshinori Kuwahara, Kazuya Yoshida
Although nano/microsatellites have great potential as remote sensing platforms, the spatial and spectral resolutions of an optical payload instrument are limited. In this study, a high spatial resolution multispectral sensor, the High-Precision Telescope (HPT), was developed for the RISING-2 microsatellite. The HPT has four image sensors: three in the visible region of the spectrum used for the composition of true color images, and a fourth in the near-infrared region, which employs liquid crystal tunable filter (LCTF) technology for wavelength scanning...
February 18, 2018: Sensors
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