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Hui Li, Linhai Jing, Yunwei Tang
Since WorldView-2 (WV-2) images are widely used in various fields, there is a high demand for the use of high-quality pansharpened WV-2 images for different application purposes. With respect to the novelty of the WV-2 multispectral (MS) and panchromatic (PAN) bands, the performances of eight state-of-art pan-sharpening methods for WV-2 imagery including six datasets from three WV-2 scenes were assessed in this study using both quality indices and information indices, along with visual inspection. The normalized difference vegetation index, normalized difference water index, and morphological building index, which are widely used in applications related to land cover classification, the extraction of vegetation areas, buildings, and water bodies, were employed in this work to evaluate the performance of different pansharpening methods in terms of information presentation ability...
January 5, 2017: Sensors
Nabeel A Riza, J Pablo La Torre
For the first time, proposed and demonstrated is a simultaneous dual optical band coded access optical sensor (CAOS) camera design suited for extreme contrast multispectral bright target scenarios. Deploying a digital micromirror devices (DMDs)-based time-frequency agile pixels CAOS-mode within a two point detector spatially and spectrally isolating framework, this imager simultaneously and independently detects pixel selective image information for two different broad spectral bands that further undergo independent spectral image data extraction via finer-tuned wavelength filtering using all-optical or CAOS-mode electronic filters...
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
B Zhang, J Yu, I Iordachita, J Reyes, Z Liu, M Brock, M Patterson, J Wong, K Wang
PURPOSE: To overcome the limitation of CT/CBCT in guiding radiation for soft tissue targets, we developed a bioluminescence tomography(BLT) system for preclinical radiation research. We systematically assessed the system performance in target localization and the ability of resolving two sources in simulations, phantom and in vivo environments. METHODS: Multispectral images acquired in single projection were used for the BLT reconstruction. Simulation studies were conducted for single spherical source radius from 0...
June 2016: Medical Physics
L Chen, D Cvetkovic, X Chen, B Wang, R Gupta, C Ma
PURPOSE: Our previous study demonstrated significant tumor growth delay in the mice treated with pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (pHIFU). The purpose of this study is to understand the cell killing mechanisms of pHIFU. METHODS: Prostate cancer cells (LNCaP), were grown orthotopically in 17 nude mice. Tumor-bearing mice were treated using pHIFU with an acoustic power of 25W, pulse width 100msec and 300 pulses in one sonication under MR guidance. Mutiple sonications were used to cover the whole tumor volume...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Jun Pan, Chengbang Che, Ying Zhu, Mi Wang
Satellite jitter (SJ) is an important error source that affects the geometric accuracy of high resolution satellite imagery. In this paper, the quantitative relationship between the jitter displacement (image displacement caused by SJ) and relative registration error obtained from parallax images is deduced to be theoretical in detail, and the jitter displacement estimation model is built to estimate the jitter displacement. Then, a simulation experiment is carried out to validate the feasibility of using the built jitter displacement estimation model to estimate the jitter displacement...
January 2, 2017: Sensors
O Kozlova, A Sadouni, D Truong, S Briaudeau, M Himbert
We describe a high-performance, transportable, versatile spectroradiometer based on an acousto-optical tunable filter (AOTF). The instrument was developed for temperature metrology, namely, to determine the thermodynamic temperature of black bodies above the Ag freezing point (961.78 °C). Its main design feature is the attenuation of the diffraction side lobes (and, thus, out-of-band stray light) thanks to the use of a double-pass configuration. The radiofrequency tuning of the AOTF allows continuous, fine, and rapid wavelength control over a wide spectral range (650 nm-1000 nm)...
December 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Huijie Zhao, Zheng Ji, Na Li, Jianrong Gu, Yansong Li
When detecting a target over the diurnal cycle, a conventional infrared thermal sensor might lose the target due to the thermal crossover, which could happen at any time throughout the day when the infrared image contrast between target and background in a scene is indistinguishable due to the temperature variation. In this paper, the benefits of using a multispectral-based infrared sensor over the diurnal cycle have been shown. Firstly, a brief theoretical analysis on how the thermal crossover influences a conventional thermal sensor, within the conditions where the thermal crossover would happen and why the mid-infrared (3~5 μm) multispectral technology is effective, is presented...
December 29, 2016: Sensors
Wolfgang Bogner, Gilbert Hangel, Morteza Esmaeili, Ovidiu C Andronesi
This article reviews the methodological aspects of detecting low-abundant J-coupled metabolites via 1D spectral editing techniques and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods applied in vivo, in humans, with a focus on the brain. A brief explanation of the basics of J-evolution will be followed by an introduction to 1D spectral editing techniques (e.g., J-difference editing, multiple quantum coherence filtering) and 2D-NMR methods (e.g., correlation spectroscopy, J-resolved spectroscopy). Established and recently developed methods will be discussed and the most commonly edited J-coupled metabolites (e...
December 26, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Gai-Yun Li, Samer Abdo Al-Wesabi, Hong Zhang
The aim of this study was to determine whether differences exist in oxygen supply to the optic nerve head (ONH) from the retinal and choroidal vascular layers in patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) using multispectral imaging (MSI).This ia an observational, cross-sectional study.Multispectral images were acquired from 38 eyes of 19 patients with POAG, and 42 healthy eyes from 21 matched volunteers with Annidis' RHA multispectral digital ophthalmoscopy. Superficial and deeper oxygen saturation of the optic disc was represented by the mean gray scale values on the retinal and choroidal oxy-deoxy maps, respectively...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jiha Kim, Pedro Correa de Sampaio, Donna Marie Lundy, Qian Peng, Kurt W Evans, Hikaru Sugimoto, Mihai Gagea, Yvonne Kienast, Nayra Soares do Amaral, Rafael Malagoli Rocha, Hans Petter Eikesdal, Per Eystein Lønning, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Valerie S LeBleu
Angiogenesis and co-optive vascular remodeling are prerequisites of solid tumor growth. Vascular heterogeneity, notably perivascular composition, may play a critical role in determining the rate of cancer progression. The contribution of vascular pericyte heterogeneity to cancer progression and therapy response is unknown. Here, we show that angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) orchestrates pericyte heterogeneity in breast cancer with an effect on metastatic disease and response to chemotherapy. Using multispectral imaging of human breast tumor specimens, we report that perivascular composition, as defined by the ratio of PDGFRβ(-) and desmin(+) pericytes, provides information about the response to epirubicin but not paclitaxel...
December 22, 2016: JCI Insight
Sewoong Kim, Dongrae Cho, Jihun Kim, Manjae Kim, Sangyeon Youn, Jae Eun Jang, Minkyu Je, Dong Hun Lee, Boreom Lee, Daniel L Farkas, Jae Youn Hwang
We investigate the potential of mobile smartphone-based multispectral imaging for the quantitative diagnosis and management of skin lesions. Recently, various mobile devices such as a smartphone have emerged as healthcare tools. They have been applied for the early diagnosis of nonmalignant and malignant skin diseases. Particularly, when they are combined with an advanced optical imaging technique such as multispectral imaging and analysis, it would be beneficial for the early diagnosis of such skin diseases and for further quantitative prognosis monitoring after treatment at home...
December 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Marieke Anne van der Putten, Lewis MacKenzie, Andrew Davies, Javier Fernandez-Ramos, Roshni Desai, Kenneth Smith, Andrew Harvey
Quantification of blood oxygen saturation (SO<sub>2</sub>) <i>in vivo</i> is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of diseases in which hypoxia is thought to play a role, including inflammatory disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We describe a low-cost multispectral microscope and oximetry technique for calibration-free absolute oximetry of surgically exposed blood vessels <i>in vivo</i>. We imaged the vasculature of the dorsal spinal cord in healthy rats, and varied inspired oxygen (FiO<sub>2</sub>) in order to evaluate the sensitivity of the imaging system to changes in SO<sub>2</sub>...
December 21, 2016: Physiological Measurement
Xuemei Zhu, Yong Cheng, Xue Pan, Enzhong Jin, Shanshan Li, Mingwei Zhao, Xiaoxin Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a common and idiopathic retinal disorder that affects young to middle aged adults. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of eyes with CSCR using a light-emitting diode (LED)-based multispectral imaging (MSI) system and to evaluate the diagnostic reliability of MSI compared to fluorescein angiography (FA) in detecting CSCR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 56 eyes among 52 patients with 1 or more retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) abnormality were retrospectively enrolled in the study...
December 21, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Reheman Baikejiang, Wei Zhang, Changqing Li
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) has attracted attentions in the last two decades due to its intrinsic sensitivity in imaging chromophores of tissues such as hemoglobin, water, and lipid. However, DOT has not been clinically accepted yet due to its low spatial resolution caused by strong optical scattering in tissues. Structural guidance provided by an anatomical imaging modality enhances the DOT imaging substantially. Here, we propose a computed tomography (CT) guided multispectral DOT imaging system for breast cancer imaging...
December 14, 2016: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Weiwei Cheng, Da-Wen Sun, Hongbin Pu, Qingyi Wei
The feasibility of hyperspectral imaging (HSI) (400-1000nm) for tracing the chemical spoilage extent of the raw meat used for two kinds of processed meats was investigated. Calibration models established separately for salted and cooked meats using full wavebands showed good results with the determination coefficient in prediction (R(2)P) of 0.887 and 0.832, respectively. For simplifying the calibration models, two variable selection methods were used and compared. The results showed that genetic algorithm-partial least squares (GA-PLS) with as much continuous wavebands selected as possible always had better performance...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
L I Liu, James Campbell, Devin O'Kelly, Heling Zhou, Ralph Mason, L I Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Jon W Stewart, Gleb M Akselrod, David R Smith, Maiken H Mikkelsen
Multispectral colloidal metasurfaces are fabricated that exhibit greater than 85% absorption and ≈100 nm linewidths by patterning film-coupled nanocubes in pixels using a fusion of bottom-up and top-down fabrication techniques over wafer-scale areas. With this technique, the authors realize a multispectral pixel array consisting of six resonances between 580 and 1125 nm and reconstruct an RGB image with 9261 color combinations.
December 14, 2016: Advanced Materials
Surya Pratap Singh, Pauli Fält, Ishan Barman, Arto Koistinen, Ramachandra Rao Dasari, Arja M Kullaa
Sensitive methods that can enable early detection of dental diseases (caries and calculus) are desirable in clinical practice. Optical spectroscopic approaches have emerged as promising alternatives owing to their wealth of molecular information and lack of sample preparation requirements. In the present study, using multispectral fluorescence imaging, we have demonstrated that dental caries and calculus can be objectively identified on extracted tooth. Spectral differences among control, carious and calculus conditions were attributed to the porphyrin pigment content, which is a byproduct of bacterial metabolism...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Kyoung-Duck Park, Markus B Raschke, Joanna M Atkin, Young Hee Lee, Mun Seok Jeong
The bilayer grain boundaries (GBs) in chemical-vapor-deposition-grown large-area graphene are identified using multispectral tip-enhanced Raman imaging with 18 nm spatial resolution. The misorientation angle of the bilayer GBs is determined from a quantitative analysis of the phonon-scattering properties associated with the modified electronic structure.
December 9, 2016: Advanced Materials
Aparna Shukla, Iram Ali, Nazia Hasan, Shakil A Romshoo
This study assimilates data from historical records (1857-1961/84), survey of India topographic maps, and a series of multispectral satellite data (1962-2014) for analyzing the shrinkage and dimensional changes of the Kolahoi glacier, Jammu and Kashmir, between 1857 and 2014. The composite results show that the glacier has receded by ∼3423 m (21.8 m/year) in the past 157 years. The historical records reveal that the glacier retreated by >1609 m from 1857 to 1909, 800 m from 1912 to 1961, and 210 m from 1961 to 1984...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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