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Complex health assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814015/postoperative-healing-patterns-in-elbow-using-electromyography-towards-the-development-of-a-wearable-mechatronic-elbow-brace
#1
Raneem Haddara, Yue Zhou, Shrikant Chinchalkar, Ana Luisa Trejos
Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are the most common cause of severe long-term pain and physical disability. Current postoperative treatment for patients requires them to follow a long-term physiotherapy program customized for each specific case; however, this process can be complex, time-consuming and without the right therapy it may end up being ineffective. A possible solution involves the development of wearable mechatronic elbow braces that use electromyography (EMG) to identify patient intent. However, EMG characteristics change based on the health of the individual and therefore require further investigation...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813475/evaluation-of-the-adaptogenic-potential-exerted-by-ginsenosides-rb1-and-rg1-against-oxidative-stress-mediated-neurotoxicity-in-an-in-vitro-neuronal-model
#2
Carlos Fernández-Moriano, Elena González-Burgos, Irene Iglesias, Rafael Lozano, M Pilar Gómez-Serranillos
BACKGROUND: Ginseng (Panax sp.) is a drug with multiple pharmacological actions that has been largely used in traditional medicines for the treatment of many health problems. In the therapy of neurodegenerative disorders, it has been employed due to its capacity to strengthen mental processes by enhancing cognitive performance and psychological function. Current work aimed at evaluating the adaptogenic potential of Rb1 and Rg1 against oxidative-stress mediated degeneration in a model of nervous cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813423/health-needs-and-care-seeking-behaviours-of-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#3
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: During the summer of 2014, ISIS overran Nineveh governorate in Northern Iraq. Yazidis and other religious minorities were subjected to brutal attacks and forced to seek refuge into the neighbouring Kurdistan Region, where they remain living in local communities or in camps. This survey provides a population-based assessment of the health needs and care seeking behaviours of Yazidis and other groups currently residing in camps. METHODS: The survey covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812915/kardiovize-brno-2030-a-prospective-cardiovascular-health-study-in-central-europe-methods-baseline-findings-and-future-directions
#4
Narine K Movsisyan, Manlio Vinciguerra, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Šárka Kunzová, Martin Homolka, Jana Jaresova, Renata Cífková, Ondřej Sochor
Background Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is highly prevalent in Eastern and Central Europe, where the incidence is the highest in the world. The Kardiovize Brno 2030 study was designed as a prospective cohort study to investigate the complex relationships of cardiovascular disease and outcomes with a range of biological, psychosocial, environmental, behavioral, and economic factors in an urban population of the Czech Republic. Methods We randomly selected a 1% sample of the city of Brno residents aged 25-64 years stratified by sex and age...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812843/collaboration-between-researchers-and-knowledge-users-in-health-technology-assessment-a-qualitative-exploratory-study
#5
Mylène Tantchou Dipankui
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between researchers and knowledge users is increasingly promoted because it could enhance more evidence-based decision-making and practice. These complex relationships differ in form, in the particular goals they are trying to achieve, and in whom they bring together. Although much is understood about why partnerships form, relatively little is known about how collaboration works: how the collaborative process is shaped through the partners' interactions, especially in the field of health technology assessment (HTA)? This study aims at addressing this gap in the literature in the specific context of HTA...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812200/dust-emission-and-dispersion-from-mineral-storage-piles
#6
Andrea Romeo, Laura Capelli, Selena Sironi, Giuseppe Nano, Renato Rota, Valentina Busini
Dust pollution is a complex problem of growing interest because of its environmental, health, economic and political impact. Environmental impact assessment methods for dust pollution management are often based on the simulation of dust dispersion, which requires a precise characterization of the source term and of the source parameters. The source term model should be as simple and as accurate as possible and requires low time consumption in order to be easily connected to a more complex algorithm for the dispersion calculations...
August 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810907/schr%C3%A3-dinger-s-microbes-tools-for-distinguishing-the-living-from-the-dead-in-microbial-ecosystems
#7
REVIEW
Joanne B Emerson, Rachel I Adams, Clarisse M Betancourt Román, Brandon Brooks, David A Coil, Katherine Dahlhausen, Holly H Ganz, Erica M Hartmann, Tiffany Hsu, Nicholas B Justice, Ivan G Paulino Lima, Julia C Luongo, Despoina S Lymperopoulou, Cinta Gomez-Silvan, Brooke Rothschild-Mancinelli, Melike Balk, Curtis Huttenhower, Andreas Nocker, Parag Vaishampayan, Lynn J Rothschild
While often obvious for macroscopic organisms, determining whether a microbe is dead or alive is fraught with complications. Fields such as microbial ecology, environmental health, and medical microbiology each determine how best to assess which members of the microbial community are alive, according to their respective scientific and/or regulatory needs. Many of these fields have gone from studying communities on a bulk level to the fine-scale resolution of microbial populations within consortia. For example, advances in nucleic acid sequencing technologies and downstream bioinformatic analyses have allowed for high-resolution insight into microbial community composition and metabolic potential, yet we know very little about whether such community DNA sequences represent viable microorganisms...
August 16, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809377/health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-zygomatic-fracture
#8
L Kaukola, J Snäll, R Roine, H Sintonen, H Thorén
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) before and after surgical treatment of zygomatic complex fracture and assess patients' perceptions of the aesthetic and functional outcomes of surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study of 79 adult patients before and after surgery for zygomatic complex fracture was conducted. HRQoL was measured using the generic 15-dimensional (15D) instrument, and patient satisfaction was assessed by an additional questionnaire...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808854/assessing-landscape-and-contaminant-point-sources-as-spatial-determinants-of-water-quality-in-the-vermilion-river-system-ontario-canada
#9
Carrie Strangway, Michelle F Bowman, Andrea E Kirkwood
The Vermilion River and major tributaries (VRMT) are located in the Vermilion watershed (4272 km(2)) in north-central Ontario, Canada. This watershed not only is dominated by natural land-cover but also has a legacy of mining and other development activities. The VRMT receive various point (e.g., sewage effluent) and non-point (e.g., mining activity runoff) inputs, in addition to flow regulation features. Further development in the Vermilion watershed has been proposed, raising concerns about cumulative impacts to ecosystem health in the VRMT...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806936/enhancement-of-hepatitis-virus-immunoassay-outcome-predictions-in-imbalanced-routine-pathology-data-by-data-balancing-and-feature-selection-before-the-application-of-support-vector-machines
#10
Alice M Richardson, Brett A Lidbury
BACKGROUND: Data mining techniques such as support vector machines (SVMs) have been successfully used to predict outcomes for complex problems, including for human health. Much health data is imbalanced, with many more controls than positive cases. METHODS: The impact of three balancing methods and one feature selection method is explored, to assess the ability of SVMs to classify imbalanced diagnostic pathology data associated with the laboratory diagnosis of hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) infections...
August 14, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806405/characterizing-the-influence-of-transportation-infrastructure-on-emergency-medical-services-ems-in-urban-area-a-case-study-of-seoul-south-korea
#11
Jungwoo Cho, Myoungsoon You, Yoonjin Yoon
In highly urbanized area where traffic condition fluctuates constantly, transportation infrastructure is one of the major contributing factors to Emergency Medical Service (EMS) availability and patient outcome. In this paper, we assess the impact of traffic fluctuation to the EMS first response availability in urban area, by evaluating the k-minute coverage under 21 traffic scenarios. The set of traffic scenarios represents the time-of-day and day-of-week effects, and is generated by combining road link speed information from multiple historical speed databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806327/long-term-quality-of-life-following-vestibular-schwannoma-excision-via-the-translabyrinthine-approach
#12
Stephen J Broomfield, Ashish K Mandavia, Jack S Nicholson, Osama Mahmoud, Andrew T King, Scott A Rutherford, Richard T Ramsden
OBJECTIVE: To assess postoperative quality of life (QOL) and other patient-reported outcomes following surgery for vestibular schwannoma. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective case review using postal questionnaires. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Five hundred consecutive patients undergoing surgery for vestibular schwannoma. INTERVENTION(S): Patients undergoing surgery via the translabyrinthine approach (excluding neurofibromatosis type 2) under the senior author, with a minimum of 5 years follow-up, were included...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806201/brain-gut-microbiota-axis-and-mental-health
#13
Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
OBJECTIVE: The brain-gut-microbiota axis has been put forward as a new paradigm in neuroscience, which may be of relevance to mental illness. The mechanisms of signal transmission in the brain-gut-microbiota axis are complex and involve bidirectional communications which enables gut microbes to communicate with the brain, and the brain to communicate with the microbes. This review assesses the potential usefulness and limitations of the paradigm. METHODS: A selective literature review was conducted to evaluate the current knowledge in clinical and pre-clinical brain-gut-microbiota interactions as related to psychiatric disorders...
August 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805588/weight-in-parkinson-s-disease-phenotypical-significance
#14
Jagdish C Sharma, Anna Lewis
Body weight in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a significant nonmotor feature. Weight homeostasis is a complex physiological process and gets deranged in PD patients leading to changes in weight. While both the low and high body weight have been reported as risk factors for PD, the majority of PD patients have a lower weight and a subset of patients lose weight during the course of the disease, while a small proportion gain weight. A number of clinical parameters such as older age, impaired cognition, severity of disease, and an imbalance of food intake determined by satiety and hunger hormones have been reported to be associated with but not the cause of weight change...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805550/moving-toward-a-universal-digital-era-in-mass-casualty-incidents-and-disasters-emergency-personnel-s-perspective-in-romania
#15
Adrian Stănescu, Peter Eliot Gordon, Sanda Maria Copotoiu, Cristian Marius Boeriu
BACKGROUND: Despite a recognized need for improved communications and logistics in high acuity situations, the integration of telemedicine services into the mainstream health services has been difficult. This study reports on the opinions of Romanian professional responders to mass casualty incidents and disasters regarding the use and requirements of specific electronic medical documentation solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Doctors, nurses, paramedics, and fire department officers participated in a customized online structured questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805421/collaborating-with-community-based-services-to-promote-evidence-based-practice-process-description-of-a-national-initiative-to-improve-services-for-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-problems
#16
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, E B Brownlie
Many youth with significant mental health (MH) and/or substance use (SU) difficulties do not receive specialized services. Collaboration between service providers, researchers, and other stakeholders is essential to improve youth service system capacity to provide evidence-based services to meet the complex array of needs of youth. Facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based practice have been identified, but few studies provide examples of the processes of collaboration and implementation for youth MH services...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805404/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-collaborative-care-implementation-using-re-aim
#17
Bethany M Kwan, Sanjay Chadha, Mika K Hamer, David Spagnolo, Sheila Kee
INTRODUCTION: Application of the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework using mixed methods to evaluate a collaborative care practice implementation can inform the literature on real-world collaborative care experiences. METHOD: Two primary care practices serving Niagara Falls, NY, implemented collaborative care. Adults age 18 and over were screened at least annually for depression, anxiety, and alcohol use using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-7), and the AUDIT alcohol consumption questionnaire (AUDIT-C)...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804707/framework-to-define-structure-and-boundaries-of-complex-health-intervention-systems-the-alert-project
#18
Elena Boriani, Roberto Esposito, Chiara Frazzoli, Peter Fantke, Tine Hald, Simon R Rüegg
Health intervention systems are complex and subject to multiple variables in different phases of implementation. This constitutes a concrete challenge for the application of translational science in real life. Complex systems as health-oriented interventions call for interdisciplinary approaches with carefully defined system boundaries. Exploring individual components of such systems from different viewpoints gives a wide overview and helps to understand the elements and the relationships that drive actions and consequences within the system...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804453/delta-power-is-higher-and-more-symmetrical-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-cortical-involvement
#19
Chiara Fanciullacci, Federica Bertolucci, Giuseppe Lamola, Alessandro Panarese, Fiorenzo Artoni, Silvestro Micera, Bruno Rossi, Carmelo Chisari
A brain injury resulting from unilateral stroke critically alters brain functionality and the complex balance within the cortical activity. Such modifications may critically depend on lesion location and cortical involvement. Indeed, recent findings pointed out the necessity of applying a stratification based on lesion location when investigating inter-hemispheric balance in stroke. Here, we tested whether cortical involvement could imply differences in band-specific activity and brain symmetry in post stroke patients with cortico-subcortical and subcortical strokes...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803072/palliative-care-development-in-tajikistan
#20
Nigora Abidjanova
Tajikistan's health system has undergone a series of complex changes associated with reforms aimed at the transition to a more sophisticated control mechanism, financing and operation. As in many developing countries, there is an increase in morbidity and mortality from cancer and chronic diseases, including tuberculosis and HIV. Attention is needed by the state for the development of cost-effective palliative care that will be integrated into the existing public health system. A recent palliative care country needs assessment identified the following areas of work that need to be addressed for palliative care to be implemented: • educating and training of health care professionals, • raising public awareness about palliative care, • making essential palliative care medicines available, • developing the necessary regulatory documents for palliative care development, • developing educational curricula and materials, • integrating palliative care into the medical and nursing universities and schools, • Creating models of palliative care services for home and inpatient facilities...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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