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Maximilian Fleischmann, Ulf Schnetzke, Karin G Schrenk, Volker Schmidt, Herbert G Sayer, Inken Hilgendorf, Andreas Hochhaus, Sebastian Scholl
BACKGROUND: Activating mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase FLT3 (fms-related tyrosine kinase 3) reflect the most frequent molecular aberration in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In particular, FLT3 internal tandem duplications (FLT3-ITD) are characterized by an unfavorable prognosis and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allogeneic SCT) in first complete remission is recommended. In case of imminent or frank relapse following allogeneic SCT, treatment with FLT3 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) constitutes a promising clinical approach to induce hematologic remission without conventional chemotherapy...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Adnan A Kadi, Hany W Darwish, Mohamed W Attwa, Sawsan M Amer
In the current work, a rapid, specific, sensitive and validated liquid chromatography tandem mass-spectrometric method was developed for the quantification of ponatinib (PNT) in human plasma and rat liver microsomes (RLMs) with its application to metabolic stability. Chromatographic separation of PNT and vandetanib (IS) were accomplished on Agilent eclipse plus C18 analytical column (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.8 μm particle size) maintained at 21±2°C. Flow rate was 0.25 mLmin-1 with run time of 4 min. Mobile phase consisted of solvent A (10 mM ammonium formate, pH adjusted to 4...
2016: PloS One
Yang Liu, Xia Peng, Xiaocong Guan, Dong Lu, Yong Xi, Shiyu Jin, Hui Chen, Limin Zeng, Jing Ai, Meiyu Geng, Youhong Hu
FGF receptors (FGFRs) are tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in diverse tumors by genetic alterations such as gene amplifications, somatic mutations and translocations. Owing to this characteristic, FGFRs are attractive targets for cancer treatment. It has been demonstrated that most multi-targeted, ATP competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitors are active against FGFRs as well as other kinases. The design of new and more selective inhibitors of FGFRs, which might be reduced off-target and side effects, is a difficult yet significant challenge...
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Ayala Gover-Proaktor, Galit Granot, Saar Shapira, Oshrat Raz, Oren Pasvolsky, Arnon Nagler, Dorit L Lev, Aida Inbal, Ido Lubin, Pia Raanani, Avi Leader
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have revolutionized the prognosis of chronic myeloid leukemia. With the advent of highly efficacious therapy, the focus has shifted toward managing TKI adverse effects, such as vascular adverse events (VAEs). We used an in vitro angiogenesis model to investigate the TKI-associated VAEs. Our data show that imatinib, nilotinib, and ponatinib reduce human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) viability. Pharmacological concentrations of ponatinib induced apoptosis, reduced migration, inhibited tube formation of HUVECs, and had a negative effect on endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) function...
October 12, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Stephanie Bauer, Susan Buchanan, Irene Ryan
Several tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are now approved for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase. The efficacy of these drugs has been repeatedly demonstrated, as has their tolerability in most patients. However, late and chronic toxicities become an important issue for many patients facing long-term TKI exposure. For patients on long-term imatinib, gastrointestinal events, fluid retention, muscle cramps, fatigue, and hepatotoxicity are among the most common and most clinically relevant adverse events (AEs)...
January 2016: Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology
Shu Meng, Hongyan Wu, Jing Wang, Qiyuan Qiu
The proto-oncogene protein RET is a receptor tyrosine kinase that plays an important role in the development and progress of various human cancers. Currently, targeting RET with small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has been established as promising therapeutic strategy for thyroid carcinoma (TC). However, two gatekeeper mutations V804M and V804L in RET kinase domain have been frequently observed to cause drug resistance during the targeted therapy, largely limiting the application of reversible TKIs in TC...
October 2016: Molecular Informatics
Brian B Hasinoff, Daywin Patel, Xing Wu
Five clinically approved BCR-ABL1-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (bosutinib, dasatinib, imatinib, nilotinib, and ponatinib) used for treating chronic myelogenous leukemia have been studied in a neonatal rat myocyte model for their relative ability to induce myocyte damage. This was done in order to determine if kinase inhibitor-induced myocyte damage was a consequence of inhibiting ABL1 (on-target effects), or due to a lack of kinase selectivity (off-target effects) since previous studies have come up with conflicting conclusions about whether imatinib-induced cardiotoxicity results directly from inhibition of ABL1...
September 30, 2016: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Özge Mine Örenay, Funda Tamer, Evren Sarıfakıoğlu, Umran Yıldırım
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Massimo Breccia, Patrizia Pregno, Paolo Spallarossa, Eleonora Arboscello, Fabio Ciceri, Mauro Giorgi, Alberto Grossi, Mario Mallardo, Savina Nodari, Stefano Ottolini, Carla Sala, Giovanni Tortorella, Gianantonio Rosti, Fabrizio Pane, Giorgio Minotti, Michele Baccarani
Ponatinib (Iclusig, ARIAD Pharmaceuticals-Incyte Co.) is a third-generation structure-guided tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is approved for treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukaemias resistant or intolerant to other inhibitors. The clinical use of ponatinib is complicated by the possible development of cardiovascular events, primarily hypertension and arterial or venous thrombotic events. The US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicine Agency recommend that the cardiovascular profile of patients candidate for ponatinib should be carefully evaluated...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Hematology
Daniela Renzi, Francesco Marchesi, Gottardo De Angelis, Loredana Elia, Emanuela Salvatorelli, Svitlana Gumenyuk, Francesca Palombi, Francesco Pisani, Atelda Romano, Antonio Spadea, Elena Papa, Marco Canfora, William Arcese, Andrea Mengarelli
We describe the case of a patient with a Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with dasatinib plus steroids as the first-line therapy who achieved a molecular complete remission and then underwent a matched, unrelated donor allogeneic transplant. Five months after the transplant, he experienced a disease relapse with an T315I mutation, which was resistant to salvage chemotherapy. Once the details of the T315I mutation were acquired, we initiated ponatinib treatment at a standard dosage and observed a rapid decrease of minimal residual disease (MRD) at molecular assessment...
September 10, 2016: Chemotherapy
Marc Poch Martell, Hassan Sibai, Uday Deotare, Jeffrey H Lipton
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder that has become the neoplastic poster child for understanding the disease biology of a malignant disease and targeting effective therapy. The targeted therapy of BCR-ABL inhibition by tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) has provided the epitome for "Ehlrich's magic bullet" postulated decades ago. AREAS COVERED: Due to the therapy with these drugs, the survival of newly diagnosed patients with this disease now approaches that of age matched controls...
October 2016: Expert Review of Hematology
Sarah B Whittle, Kalyani Patel, Linna Zhang, Sarah E Woodfield, Michael Du, Valeria Smith, Peter E Zage
Background High-risk neuroblastoma has poor outcomes with high rates of relapse despite aggressive treatment, and novel therapies are needed to improve these outcomes. Ponatinib is a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets many pathways implicated in neuroblastoma pathogenesis. We hypothesized that ponatinib would be effective against neuroblastoma in preclinical models. Methods We evaluated the effects of ponatinib on survival and migration of human neuroblastoma cells in vitro. Using orthotopic xenograft mouse models of human neuroblastoma, we analyzed tumors treated with ponatinib for growth, gross and histologic appearance, and vascularity...
September 1, 2016: Investigational New Drugs
Jessica T Leonard, Joelle S J Rowley, Christopher A Eide, Elie Traer, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, Marc Loriaux, Stephen E Spurgeon, Brian J Druker, Jeffrey W Tyner, Bill H Chang
Treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+)ALL) remains a challenge. Although the addition of targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to standard cytotoxic therapy has greatly improved upfront treatment, treatment-related morbidity and mortality remain high. TKI monotherapy provides only temporary responses and renders patients susceptible to the development of TKI resistance. Thus, identifying agents that could enhance the activity of TKIs is urgently needed. Recently, a selective inhibitor of B cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), ABT-199 (venetoclax), has shown impressive activity against hematologic malignancies...
August 31, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
Haoyu Li, Yongfeng Wang, Zhenghu Chen, Jiaxiong Lu, Jessie Pan, Yang Yu, Yanling Zhao, Huiyuan Zhang, Ting Hu, Qing Liu, Jianhua Yang
Neuroblastoma (NB) is one of the most common pediatric malignancies in children. Abnormal activation of receptor tyrosine kinases contributes to the pathological development of NB. Therefore, targeting tyrosine kinase receptors to cure NB is a promising strategy. Here, we report that a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor ponatinib inhibited NB cell proliferation and induced NB cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, ponatinib suppressed the colony formation ability of NB cells. Mechanistically, ponatinib effectively inhibited the FGFR1-activated signaling pathway...
August 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Lauren Caldemeyer, Luke P Akard
With BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib, and ponatinib, many patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) can expect to live near-normal life spans. Current treatment recommendations of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and the European LeukemiaNet state that patients with CML-CP should remain on TKI therapy indefinitely. However, there is increasing evidence from clinical trials that some patients with sustained deep molecular responses may be able to achieve treatment-free remission (TFR), whereby they can suspend TKI therapy without losing previously achieved responses...
December 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Ronit Gurion, Pia Raanani, Liat Vidal, Avi Leader, Anat Gafter-Gvili
BACKGROUND: The choice of a specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) as first line treatment in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is complex and influenced by multiple factors. We published a meta-analysis examining the role of newer TKIs as first line treatment in chronic phase CML. In view of the recently published data, we decided to update it. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing first line treatment with imatinib to the newer TKIs (nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib and ponatinib)...
August 25, 2016: Acta Oncologica
Kaito Yoza, Rika Himeno, Shinjiro Amano, Yoshihiro Kobashigawa, Shun Amemiya, Natsuki Fukuda, Hiroyuki Kumeta, Hiroshi Morioka, Fuyuhiko Inagaki
Over-expression and aberrant activation of tyrosine kinases occur frequently in human cancers. Various tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are under clinical use, but acquisition of resistance to these drugs is a major problem. Here, we studied the interaction between two drug-resistant mutants of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), N546K and V561M, and four ATP-competitive inhibitors, ponatinib, dovitinib, PD173074 and BGJ-398. Among these protein-drug systems, the only marked reduction in affinity was that of PD173074 for the V561M mutant...
October 2016: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Saori Watanabe Miyano, Yuji Yamamoto, Kotaro Kodama, Yukiko Miyajima, Masaki Mikamoto, Takayuki Nakagawa, Hiroko Kuramochi, Setsuo Funasaka, Satoshi Nagao, Naoko Hata Sugi, Kiyoshi Okamoto, Yukinori Minoshima, Yusuke Nakatani, Yuki Karoji, Isao Ohashi, Yoshinobu Yamane, Toshimi Okada, Tomohiro Matsushima, Junji Matsui, Masao Iwata, Toshimitsu Uenaka, Akihiko Tsuruoka
The fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling pathway has a crucial role in proliferation, survival, and migration of cancer cells, tumor angiogenesis, and drug resistance. FGFR genetic abnormalities, such as gene fusion, mutation, and amplification, have been implicated in several types of cancer. Therefore, FGFRs are considered potential targets for cancer therapy. E7090 is an orally available and selective inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase activities of FGFR1, -2, and -3. In kinetic analyses of the interaction between E7090 and FGFR1 tyrosine kinase, E7090 associated more rapidly with FGFR1 than did the type II FGFR1 inhibitor ponatinib, and E7090 dissociated more slowly from FGFR1, with a relatively longer residence time, than did the type I FGFR1 inhibitor AZD4547, suggesting that its kinetics are more similar to the type V inhibitors, such as lenvatinib...
August 17, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
David J Dorer, Ronald K Knickerbocker, Michele Baccarani, Jorge E Cortes, Andreas Hochhaus, Moshe Talpaz, Frank G Haluska
Ponatinib is approved for adults with refractory chronic myeloid leukemia or Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia, including those with the T315I BCR-ABL1 mutation. We pooled data from 3 clinical trials (N=671) to determine the impact of ponatinib dose intensity on the following adverse events: arterial occlusive events (cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular events), venous thromboembolic events, cardiac failure, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, hypertension, pancreatitis, increased lipase, increased alanine aminotransferase, increased aspartate aminotransferase, rash, arthralgia, and hypertriglyceridemia...
September 2016: Leukemia Research
Qingling Huang, Valentina E Schneeberger, Noreen Luetteke, Chengliu Jin, Roha Afzal, Mikalai M Budzevich, Rikesh J Makanji, Gary V Martinez, Tao Shen, Lichao Zhao, Kar-Ming Fung, Eric B Haura, Domenico Coppola, Jie Wu
RET fusions have been found in lung adenocarcinoma, of which KIF5B-RET is the most prevalent. We established inducible KIF5B-RET transgenic mice and KIF5B-RET-dependent cell lines for preclinical modeling of KIF5B-RET-associated lung adenocarcinoma. Doxycycline-induced CCSP-rtTA/tetO-KIF5B-RET transgenic mice developed invasive lung adenocarcinoma with desmoplastic reaction. Tumors regressed upon suppression of KIF5B-RET expression. By culturing KIF5B-RET-dependent BaF3 (B/KR) cells with increasing concentrations of cabozantinib or vandetanib, we identified cabozantinib-resistant RET(V804L) mutation and vandetanib-resistant-RET(G810A) mutation...
October 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
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