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Inferior turbinate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143693/a-rare-case-of-extra-nasopharyngeal-angiofibroma-of-the-septum-in-a-female-child
#1
G B Singh, S Shukla, P Kumari, I Shukla
BACKGROUND: Extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a rare but distinct clinical entity, different from juvenile angiofibroma. METHODS: This clinical record elucidates the only case of extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma arising from the septum in a female child, who presented with epistaxis. RESULTS: The histopathological diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemistry, and the case was managed surgically with no recurrence. CONCLUSION: In a female paediatric patient presenting with epistaxis, extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (of the inferior turbinate) is a rare albeit important differential diagnosis, as it challenges the hormonal theory of angiofibroma aetiopathogenesis...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115522/role-of-epigenetics-in-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#2
Jong-Yeup Kim, Dong-Kyu Kim, Myeong Sang Yu, Min-Ji Cha, Seong-Lan Yu, Jaeku Kang
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a highly prevalent disease characterized by mucosal inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses. CRS can be divided into two main categories, CRS with nasal polyps (NPs; CRSwNP) and CRS without NPs (CRSsNP). Although the pathophysiology of CRS remains unclear, DNA methylation has been implicated in the etiology of CRSwNP. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether DNA methylation of specific genes is involved in the development of NPs. In total, 18 individuals were included in the present study, and were divided into three groups: CRSwNP (n=7), CRSsNP (n=7) and healthy controls (n=4)...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094019/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-inversely-associated-with-blood-eosinophils-in-patients-with-persistent-allergic-rhinitis
#3
Hai-Yan Wu, Jin-Xiang Chen, Hui-Qin Tian, Xiu-Ling Zhang, Hai-Yan Bian, Lei Cheng
Objective: The relationship between vitamin D and allergic rhinitis (AR) remains unclear. The present study investigated their association by examining serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, blood eosinophils, and the expression of vitamin D receptors (VDR) on nasal mucosa in patients with AR. Methods: A total of 32 patients with persistent AR and 25 controls were enrolled in this study. Serum 25(OH)D levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and eosinophils in the peripheral blood were examined by an automated hematology system, while VDR expression on inferior turbinate mucosa was assessed by immunohistochemistry...
October 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075159/endoscopic-endonasal-reconstructive-methods-to-the-anterior-skull-base
#4
REVIEW
Srikant Chakravarthi, Lior Gonen, Alejandro Monroy-Sosa, Sammy Khalili, Amin Kassam
The success of expanded endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) to the anterior skull base, sellar, and parasellar regions has been greatly aided by the advancement in reconstructive techniques. In particular, the pedicled vascularized flaps have been developed and effectively cover skull base defects of varying sizes with a significant reduction in postoperative CSF leaks. There are two aims to this review: (1) We will provide our current, simplified reconstruction algorithm. (2) We will describe, in detail, the relevant anatomy, indications/contraindications, and surgical technique, with a particular emphasis on the nasoseptal flap (NSF)...
November 2017: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072661/-the-application-of-the-computer-technologies-for-the-mathematical-simulation-of-the-ethmoidal-labyrinth
#5
M V Markeeva, O V Mareev, V N Nikolenko, G O Mareev, T V Danilova, E A Fadeeva, R V Fedorov
The objective of the present work was to study the relationship between the dimensions of the ethmoidal labyrinth and the skull in the subjects differing in the nose shape by means of the factorial and correlation analysis with the application of the modern computer-assisted methods for the three-dimensional reconstruction of the skull. We developed an original method for computed craniometry with the use the original program that made it possible to determine the standard intravital craniometrics characteristics of the human skull with a high degree of accuracy based on the results of analysis of 200 computed tomograms of the head...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072240/the-role-of-the-nasal-and-paranasal-sinus-pathologies-on-the-development-of-chronic-otitis-media-and-its-subtypes-a-computed-tomography-study
#6
M Damar, A E Dinç, D Erdem, S Bişkin, S Ş Eliçora, Y Ç Kumbul
OBJECTIVE: This objective of this study is to evaluate the presence and the coincidence of common nasal and paranasal sinus pathologies in adults suffering from chronic otitis media (COM) and its subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 354 ears of 177 patients who underwent tympanoplasty with or without mastoidectomy from January 2013 to February 2015 due to uni/bilateral COM. Chronic suppurative otitis media, intratympanic tympanosclerosis (ITTS), cholesteatoma, and tympanic membrane with retraction pockets constituted subtypes of COM...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055081/a-new-endoscopic-technique-to-close-big-nasal-septal-perforations-prospective-evaluation-of-the-double-meat-hook-technique-in-19-consecutive-cases
#7
H Dixon, F R Datema
Despite the variety of surgical techniques available to close big symptomatic septum perforations, closure rates of 30 to 70% indicate the difficulty of obtaining a good end result. The double meat hook technique is a new endoscopically assisted technique that delivers excellent visualization and control of mucosal flap elevation, extension and suturing. Mucosa from the nasal floor, lateral nasal wall and inferior turbinate bone are valuable donor site extensions. There is no need for additional incisions into the nasal septal mucosa in order to perform a tension-free closure...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018500/computed-tomography-measurement-of-inferior-turbinate-in-asymptomatic-adult
#8
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Atef A Hamed, Ghada Abdulmonaem, Ismail Elnashar, Inas M Elfiki
Introduction  The inferior turbinate (IT) is the most susceptible turbinate to enlargement causing nasal obstruction. The common belief ascribes most of the enlargement of the IT to mucosal elements. Objective  This study aimed to investigate the detailed computed tomography (CT) measurement of the IT in asymptomatic adult by determining the thickness of both the non-bony (mucosa) and bony parts and their relation to nasal air space in different related areas of the nose. Methods  We included in the study paranasal CT scans of 108 individuals (216 IT) that had no paranasal pathology...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990662/the-radioanatomy-of-endonasal-flap-coverage-of-skull-base-defects-a-tool-for-preoperative-planning
#9
Francisco J D MacArthur, Gerald W McGarry
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To develop a tool for the calculation of surgical skull base defects and endonasal flap dimensions on preoperative computed tomography (CT) to aid surgical planning. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify all endonasal flaps. There were five basic models identified. These are the nasoseptal flap, anterior lateral nasal wall flap, bipedicled anterior septal flap, posterior pedicled inferior turbinate flap, and middle turbinate flap...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980597/-the-original-method-for-the-endonasal-surgical-access-to-the-maxillary-sinus-through-crista-conchalis-of-the-maxillary-bone
#10
G Yu Tsarapkin, A S Tovmasyan, К M Fedotkina, E V Gorovaya, S G Arzamazov, S A Panasov
The objective of the present work was to develop a technique for the endonasal surgical access to the maxillary sinus through crista conchalis of the maxillary bone and to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the surgical treatment by this method. A total of 210 patients underwent the CT-assisted examination of the paranasal sinuses. The data obtained made it possible to characterize the detailed anatomical structure of crista conchalis of a maxillary bone that forms the anterior part of the medial wall of the maxillary sinus...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975810/eustachian-tube-dysfunction-related-symptoms-in-chronic-nasal-obstruction-caused-by-inferior-turbinate-enlargement
#11
Teemu Harju, Ilkka Kivekäs, Jura Numminen, Markus Rautiainen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between chronic nasal obstruction caused by inferior turbinate enlargement and Eustachian tube dysfunction-related symptoms using the Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) as an assessment method. METHODS: A total of 80 adults were enrolled. Group 1 comprised consecutive patients with enlarged inferior turbinates and group 2 comprised healthy controls. The ETDQ-7 scores and tympanometry results of both groups were analyzed and compared...
December 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964664/comparison-of-emla-cream-and-lidocaine-injection-for-local-anaesthetic-before-radiofrequency-reduction-of-the-inferior-turbinates
#12
N Ata, T Bülbül, A Demirkan
We compared the effectiveness of local anaesthetic with Emla cream with that of an injection of lidocaine for radiofrequency reduction of the inferior turbinates. We studied 98 consecutive patients with hypertrophied inferior turbinates, 46 of whom were given Emla cream and 52 lidocaine injection. The procedure began five minutes after the injection of lidocaine and 10minutes after the Emla cream had been applied. Patients were asked to indicate on a visual analogue scale (VAS) the degree of perioperative pain, anxiety, sensation of choking, and discomfort on swallowing that they felt after the procedure...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964297/paediatric-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-using-an-otology-set-how-i-do-it
#13
Hetal Marfatia, Keya Shah, Asmita Madhavi, Yogesh Parmar
INTRODUCTION: Endonasal DCR is safely performed in children presenting with persistent epiphora, not responding to conservative management. The surgical technique of endoscopic DCR in the paediatric age group essentially remains the same as that performed in adults, but children have narrower nasal passages and relatively larger inferior turbinates which limit the surgeon's working space. The standard 2.7 mm paediatric nasal endoscope gives a smaller surgical work field as compared to the 4 mm adult endoscope...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948338/rare-anatomic-variation-true-bifid-inferior-turbinate
#14
Mugurel Constantin Rusu, N Măru, M Săndulescu, C J Sava
Nasal anatomic variations are relevant during nasal surgical and endoscopic procedures. The extent of imaging methods, such as the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), allows a better characterization of such peculiar anatomic traits. The bifid inferior turbinate (BIT) is a rare finding, being previously reported less than ten times. It was found and described on CT scans of patients, being usually associated with the absence of the uncinate process (UP). We hereby report for the first time a bilateral true BIT which differs from the previously reported BITs by the fact that the UPs were present and the bifidity was oriented laterally...
September 25, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936551/management-of-maxillary-sinus-inverted-papilloma-via-endoscopic-partial-medial-maxillectomy-with-an-inferior-turbinate-reversing-approach
#15
Feng Wang, Yang Yang, Shenqing Wang, Haihong Chen, Dehui Wang, Qinying Wang
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment for maxillary inverted papilloma (IP) through partial medial maxillectomy with an inferior turbinate reversing approach. A retrospective analysis of patients treated in our institution for maxillary sinus IP between July 2011 and August 2015 was performed. Demographics, operative technique, characteristics of tumors, complications, postoperative follow-up, and recurrence were evaluated. Twenty-two patients were enrolled in the study. All tumor attachments were identified intraoperatively...
December 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892586/introducing-the-new-coblation-%C3%A2-turbinator-%C3%A2-turbinate-reduction-wand-our-initial-experience-of-twenty-two-patients-requiring-surgery-for-nasal-obstruction
#16
Grace C Khong, Lepa Lazarova, Amanda Bartolo, Samuel C Leong
Coblation(™) Turbinator(™) is a coblation wand designed specifically for turbinate reduction surgery. We present an audit of 22 patients evaluating the clinical outcome of septoturbinoplasty for nasal obstruction caused by inferior turbinate hypertrophy using the Coblation(™) Turbinator(™) wand and comparing it to a similar-sized cohort who had microdebrider turbinoplasty. Primary clinical outcome was evaluated using the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale and the peak nasal inspiratory flow rate measurement and secondary outcome measures were days of admission or readmission rates and episodes of bleeding...
September 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888024/airflow-and-symptom-outcomes-between-allergic-and-non-allergic-rhinitis-patients-from-turbinoplasty
#17
K Parthasarathi, J M Christensen, R Alvarado, H P Barham, R Sacks, R J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Inferior turbinate procedures are applied to relieve medically refractory nasal obstruction. However, the nature of congestion differs between allergic(AR) and non-allergic rhinitis(NAR). This study compares surgical outcomes between AR and NAR patients. METHODOLOGY: A case-control study of patients undergoing turbinate with or without septoplasty surgery for nasal obstruction was performed. Patient reported outcomes were: nasal obstruction, global nasal function(GNF), and sino-nasal outcome test(SNOT-22) with rhinitis, facial symptom, sleep and psychological sub-scores...
September 9, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877858/effects-of-surgical-treatment-of-hypertrophic-turbinates-on-the-nasal-obstruction-and-the-quality-of-life
#18
Katharina Stölzel, Marie Bandelier, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Heidi Olze, Steffen Dommerich
PURPOSE: Chronic hyperplasia of the inferior nasal concha is accompanied by a nasal obstruction; however, there is no standardised surgical treatment for this condition. Here, we compared the outcome of three surgical techniques frequently used to treat the hyperplasia of inferior turbinates: turbinectomy with lateralization, submucosal electrocautery and laser cautery additional to septoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and nine patients participated in this prospective randomized study upon signing written consent...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875122/the-utility-of-sentinel-node-biopsy-for-sinonasal-melanoma
#19
Michael S Oldenburg, Daniel L Price
Objective  Report two positive sentinel node biopsies for sinonasal melanoma. Design  Retrospective review. Setting  Academic tertiary care center. Participants  Patients who underwent sentinel node biopsy for sinonasal melanoma between November 1, 2014 and November 1, 2015. Main Outcome Measures  Clinical course. Results  Two patients were identified. Patient 1 (83M) presented with a sinonasal melanoma anterior to the left inferior turbinate and was clinically N0 neck. Lymphoscintigraphy revealed two sentinel nodes in the ipsilateral and three in the contralateral cervical basins...
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859993/on-ciprofloxacin-concentration-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#20
José Gameiro Dos Santos, Rosário Figueirinhas, José P Liberal, João C Almeida, Joana Sousa, Amílcar Falcão, Corália Vicente, João Paço, Cecília A Sousa
OBJECTIVE: Considering that all the evidence indicates that chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) are distinct entities, the aim of this study was to compare the concentrations obtained in plasma and in sinonasal mucosa with oral and nasal topical ciprofloxacin, in patients with and without nasal polyps, without evaluating the effectiveness of the use of an antibiotic. METHODS: Prospective clinical study with single-blind randomization...
August 28, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
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