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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884111/quantitative-genetic-analysis-of-the-btb-diagnostic-single-intradermal-comparative-cervical-test-sicct
#1
Smaragda Tsairidou, Susan Brotherstone, Mike Coffey, Stephen C Bishop, John A Woolliams
BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of significant economic importance and is a persistent animal health problem with implications for public health worldwide. Control of bTB in the UK has relied on diagnosis through the single intradermal comparative cervical test (SICCT). However, limitations in the sensitivity of this test hinder successful eradication and the control of bTB remains a major challenge. Genetic selection for cattle that are more resistant to bTB infection can assist in bTB control...
November 24, 2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878813/no-cases-of-perioperative-allergy-to-local-anaesthetics-in-the-danish-anaesthesia-allergy-centre
#2
A D Kvisselgaard, M Krøigaard, H F Mosbech, L H Garvey
BACKGROUND: Local anaesthetics (LA) are often suspected as possible causes of allergic reactions. The Danish Anaesthesia Allergy Centre (DAAC) is the national reference centre for investigation of perioperative allergic reactions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of IgE-mediated immediate type perioperative allergic reactions to LA. METHODS: In the period 2004-2013, a total of 409 patients (244 women/165 men; median age 49 years, range 1-86 years) were investigated in DAAC on suspicion of allergy associated with anaesthesia and surgery...
November 22, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872771/tranexamic-acid-an-exceedingly-rare-cause-of-anaphylaxis-during-anaesthesia
#3
R A Bansal, A Nicholas, A S Bansal
Tranexamic acid (TXA) allergy is extremely rare. An 80-year-old woman without prior exposure to TXA underwent elective knee replacement. Shortly after induction of anaesthesia and intravenous TXA, she developed hypotension, tachycardia, and facial erythema accompanied by a raised serum tryptase. Later, skin prick and intradermal testing confirmed positive responses to TXA in high dilution and with negative results to the other drugs used. While neuromuscular blocking agents, opiates, and antibiotics remain the most frequent cause of anaphylaxis during anaesthesia, allergy to TXA should always be borne in mind and requires skin testing for confirmation as there are presently no blood tests available...
2016: Case Reports in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871292/ability-of-elisas-to-detect-antibodies-against-porcine-respiratory-and-reproductive-syndrome-virus-in-serum-of-pigs-after-inactivated-vaccination-and-subsequent-challenge
#4
Tatjana Sattler, Jutta Pikalo, Eveline Wodak, Friedrich Schmoll
BACKGROUND: In this study, six enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), intended for routine porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) herd monitoring, are tested for their ability to detect PRRSV specific antibodies in the serum of pigs after vaccination with an inactivated PRRSV type 1 vaccine and subsequent infection with a highly pathogenic (HP) PRRSV field strain. For this reason, ten piglets (group V) from a PRRSV negative herd were vaccinated twice at the age of 2 and 4 weeks with an inactivated PRRSV vaccine...
November 21, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863558/development-of-an-autologous-canine-cancer-vaccine-system-for-resectable-malignant-tumors-in-dogs
#5
J R Yannelli, R Wouda, T J Masterson, M G Avdiushko, D A Cohen
While conventional therapies exist for canine cancer, immunotherapies need to be further explored and applied to the canine setting. We have developed an autologous cancer vaccine (K9-ACV), which is available for all dogs with resectable disease. K9-ACV was evaluated for safety and immunogenicity for a variety of cancer types in a cohort of companion dogs under veterinary care. The autologous vaccine was prepared by enzymatic digestion of solid tumor biopsies. The resultant single cell suspensions were then UV-irradiated resulting in immunogenic cell death of the tumor cells...
December 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857897/interleukin-4-and-interferon-%C3%AE-are-possible-allergic-markers-in-pediatric-patients-with-%C3%AE-lactam-hypersensitivity
#6
Khaled H Mahmoud, Abdullateef A Alzolibani, Zafar Rasheed, Yasser Farouk, Ghada Bin Saif, Ahmad A Al Robaee
BACKGROUND: β-lactam agents are known to elicit T-cell-mediated immune responses that play a central role in the onset of allergic reactions, but the involvement of specific type of cytokines in drug allergy remains largely unexplored in humans. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to investigate the role of cytokines involvement in pediatric patients with β-lactam hypersensitivity and to determine whether involvement of cytokines in drug-mediated reactions are important for the perspective of allergic patient's management...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853881/a-suspected-case-of-rocuronium-sugammadex-complex-induced-anaphylactic-shock-after-cesarean-section
#7
Masakazu Yamaoka, Miki Deguchi, Kiichiro Ninomiya, Toshiaki Kurasako, Mutsuko Matsumoto
An anaphylactic reaction during a cesarean section occurs rarely, and rocuronium is thought to be one of the common agents causing perioperative anaphylaxis. Here we report an anaphylactic shock after cesarean section that is suggested to be induced by the rocuronium-sugammadex complex. A 36-year-old primigravida underwent an elective cesarean section under general anesthesia due to placenta previa. While the operation was completed uneventfully, she developed anaphylactic shock following sugammadex administration...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853256/mucosal-vaccination-with-a-live-recombinant-rhinovirus-followed-by-intradermal-dna-administration-elicits-potent-and-protective-hiv-specific-immune-responses
#8
Khamis Tomusange, Danushka Wijesundara, Jason Gummow, Steve Wesselingh, Andreas Suhrbier, Eric J Gowans, Branka Grubor-Bauk
Mucosal immunity is deemed crucial to control sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Herein we report the efficacy of a mucosal HIV vaccine strategy comprising intranasal (IN) vaccination with a cocktail of live recombinant human rhinoviruses (HRVs) encoding overlapping fragments of HIV Gag and full length Tat (rHRV-Gag/Tat) followed by intradermal (ID) vaccination with DNA vaccines encoding HIV Gag and Tat (pVAX-Gag-Tat). This heterologous prime-boost strategy will be referred to hereafter as rHRV-DNA...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852424/hypersensitivity-to-beta-lactam-antibiotics-a-three-year-study
#9
I Mota, Â Gaspar, M Chambel, S Piedade, M Morais-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Beta-lactams antibiotics (BL) are the most frequent elicitors of allergic drug reactions. The aim of our study was to characterize the patients referred with suspected hypersensitivity (HS) to BL. METHODS: Over a three-year period (2011-2013), a total of 234 adult and paediatric patients (pts) with suspected HS to BL were investigated according to the European Network for Drug Allergy guidelines. RESULTS: HS to BL was confirmed in 43 pts (18%), without differences between adult and paediatric pts; anaphylaxis was reported by 20 pts...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823900/gene-based-neonatal-immune-priming-potentiates-a-mucosal-adenoviral-vaccine-encoding-mycobacterial-ag85b
#10
Guixiang Dai, Hamada F Rady, Weitao Huang, Judd E Shellito, Carol Mason, Alistair J Ramsay
Tuberculosis remains a major public health hazard worldwide, with neonates and young infants potentially more susceptible to infection than adults. BCG, the only vaccine currently available, provides some protection against tuberculous meningitis in children but variable efficacy in adults, and is not safe to use in immune compromised individuals. A safe and effective vaccine that could be given early in life, and that could also potentiate subsequent booster immunization, would represent a significant advance...
December 7, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805732/biomechanical-testing-and-histologic-examination-of-intradermal-skin-closure-in-dogs-using-barbed-suture-device-and-non-barbed-monofilament-suture
#11
Andy Y Law, James R Butler, Sourav S Patnaik, James A Cooley, Steven H Elder
OBJECTIVE: To compare the biomechanical strength and histologic features of 3-0 Glycomer™ 631 barbed suture (V-LOC™ 90 Absorbable Wound Closure Device, Covidien, Mansfield, MA) to non-barbed 3-0 Glycomer™ 631 suture (Biosyn™, Covidien) for intradermal skin wound closure in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, factorial, in vivo. ANIMALS: Eighteen purpose-bred, mature male, and female hound dogs. METHODS: Eighteen adult hound dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups designated by postoperative day of assessment...
November 2, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784235/study-in-treatment-of-collagen-induced-arthritis-in-dba-1-mice-model-by-genistein
#12
Peng Zhang, Yiping Hu, Jinchao Li, Ling Qin, Ye Yue, Wenxiang Cheng, Xiaohua Pan
BACKGROUND: This work aimed to evaluate the effects of genistein treatment in Collagen Induced Arthritis (CIA) mouse model. METHODS: CIA was elicited in DBA/1 Mice by an intradermal injection of 100 μL of an emulsion of bovine type II collagen (CII) in isovolumic incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA) at the base of the tail. Twenty-one days later, a second injection of CII in IFA was administered at the base of the tail. After the symptoms of arthritis showed in mouse model, we divided animals into two groups according to their clinical symptom scores...
October 25, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780770/residual-limb-hyperhidrosis-managed-by-botulinum-toxin-injections-enhanced-by-the-iodine-starch-test-a-case-report
#13
Colby R Hansen, Bradeigh Godfrey
: Hyperhidrosis of the residual limb is a common condition affecting patients with amputations. The iodine-starch test is used by dermatologists to identify focal areas of hyperhidrosis before treatment with botulinum toxin. Here, we describe a case of a patient with a transtibial amputation with moderate-to-severe hyperhidrosis who received intradermal botulinum toxin injections to treat residual limb hyperhidrosis, with particular emphasis given to the utility of the iodine-starch test in managing this common condition...
October 22, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779479/pronociceptive-effects-induced-by-cutaneous-application-of-a-transient-receptor-potential-ankyrin-1-trpa1-channel-agonist-methylglyoxal-in-diabetic-animals-comparison-with-tunicamycin-induced-endoplastic-reticulum-stress
#14
H Viisanen, H Chapman, H Wei, M Lasierra Losada, A Koivisto, K E Akerman, A Pertovaara
Methylglyoxal (MG) is a reactive carbonyl compound generated in diabetes mellitus. MG is an established transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel agonist that contributes to TRPA1-mediated diabetic pain hypersensitivity. Here we studied whether exposure to diabetes and thereby to elevated endogenous MG modulates hypersensitivity induced by intradermal MG. Moreover, since diabetes induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, we compared the role of TRPA1 in diabetes and ER stress by assessing whether tunicamycin-induced ER stress, without diabetes, produces TRPA1-mediated pain hypersensitivity and by assessing whether ER stress and diabetes have similar modulatory effects on MG-induced hypersensitivity...
August 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768743/evaporimeter-and-bubble-imaging-measures-of-sweat-gland-secretion-rates
#15
Jeeyeon Kim, Miesha Farahmand, Colleen Dunn, Zoe Davies, Eric Frisbee, Carlos Milla, Jeffrey J Wine
Beta-adrenergically-stimulated sweat rates determined by evaporimetry or by sweat bubble imaging are useful for measuring CFTR function because they provide a near-linear readout across almost the full range of CFTR function. They differentiate cystic fibrosis (CF) subjects from CF carriers and carriers from controls. However, evaporimetry, unlike bubble imaging, appears to be unable to detect improved levels of CFTR function in G551D subjects taking the CFTR modulator ivacaftor. Here, we quantify the sensitivity of evaporimetry and bubble imaging methods for assessing low levels of CFTR-dependent sweat rates...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766671/solar-urticaria-induced-by-visible-light-successful-treatment-with-omalizumab
#16
I Terrani, A J Bircher, K Scherer Hofmeier
We report the case of a 53-year-old man with solar urticaria (SU) not responding to histamine antagonist therapy. Using intradermal testing with the patient's irradiated serum, we demonstrated that his SU was elicited by visible light only. This type of SU is uncommon, and makes preventive measures such as sun block largely ineffective. However, the patient had an extraordinary response to the treatment with omalizumab. This case report highlights the diagnostic process and the success of omalizumab for the treatment of SU after 16 months of follow-up...
October 20, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757300/mrna-transfected-dendritic-cell-vaccine-in-combination-with-metronomic-cyclophosphamide-as-treatment-for-patients-with-advanced-malignant-melanoma
#17
Troels Holz Borch, Lotte Engell-Noerregaard, Trine Zeeberg Iversen, Eva Ellebaek, Özcan Met, Morten Hansen, Mads Hald Andersen, Per Thor Straten, Inge Marie Svane
INTRODUCTION: Vaccination with dendritic cells (DCs) has generally not fulfilled its promise in cancer immunotherapy due to ineffective translation of immune responses into clinical responses. A proposed reason for this is intrinsic immune regulatory mechanisms, such as regulatory T cells (Tregs). A metronomic regimen of cyclophosphamide (mCy) has been shown to selectively deplete Tregs. To test this in a clinical setting, we conducted a phase I trial to evaluate the feasibility and safety of vaccination with DCs transfected with mRNA in combination with mCy in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma (MM)...
2016: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753687/old-dog-begging-for-new-tricks-current-practices-and-future-directions-in-the-diagnosis-of-delayed-antimicrobial-hypersensitivity
#18
Katherine C Konvinse, Elizabeth J Phillips, Katie D White, Jason A Trubiano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antimicrobials are a leading cause of severe T cell-mediated adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The purpose of this review is to address the current understanding of antimicrobial cross-reactivity and the ready availability of and evidence for in-vitro, in-vivo, and ex-vivo diagnostics for T cell-mediated ADRs. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature has evaluated the efficacy of traditional antibiotic allergy management, including patch testing, skin prick testing, intradermal testing, and oral challenge...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723997/autoimmune-estrogen-dermatitis-in-an-infertile-female
#19
Gonce Elcin, Duygu Gülseren, Miyase Bayraktar, Serdar Gunalp, Timur Gurgan
Autoimmune estrogen dermatitis is a cyclical cutaneous eruption that occurs premenstrually and rapid resolution of the eruptions within a few days of menstrual cycles. The disorder has variable clinical manifestations consisting of macules, papules, vesicles, urticarial lesions, bullae, eczematous plaques, and erythema multiforme-like lesions. Herein, we present a case of a 30-year-old woman with attacks of edema and erosions involving the oral and genital mucosal sites on every first day of her menstruation period...
October 11, 2016: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717627/preventative-vaccines-for-zika-virus-outbreak-preliminary-evaluation
#20
Eun Kim, Geza Erdos, Shaohua Huang, Thomas Kenniston, Louis D Falo, Andrea Gambotto
Since it emerged in Brazil in May 2015, the mosquito-borne Zika virus (ZIKV) has raised global concern due to its association with a significant rise in the number of infants born with microcephaly and neurological disorders such as Guillain-Barré syndrome. We developed prototype subunit and adenoviral-based Zika vaccines encoding the extracellular portion of the ZIKV envelope gene (E) fused to the T4 fibritin foldon trimerization domain (Efl). The subunit vaccine was delivered intradermally through carboxymethyl cellulose microneedle array (MNA)...
October 3, 2016: EBioMedicine
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