keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiopulmonary bypass grafting

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221206/significance-of-new-q-waves-and-their-location-in-postoperative-ecgs-after-elective-on-pump-cardiac-surgery-an-observational-cohort-study
#1
Eckhard Mauermann, Daniel Bolliger, Jens Fassl, Martin Grapow, Esther E Seeberger, Manfred D Seeberger, Miodrag Filipovic, Giovanna A L L Buse
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of new pathological Q waves after on-pump cardiac surgery is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether or not either the occurrence per se or the location of new pathological Q waves after on-pump cardiac surgery is associated with 12-month, all-cause mortality and/or major adverse cardiac events (MACEs). DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Single university hospital from January 2007 to October 2010...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219577/method-of-hemorrhage-control-from-the-aorta-after-repair-of-a-dissected-aortic-aneurysm
#2
Joseph Galea, Alexander Manché
Patients with Marfan syndrome and presenting with acute aortic dissection have fragile aorta, causing bleeding problems in the anastomosis between the graft and the aorta. Hemostatic impairment following circulatory arrest and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass contribute to these problems. We describe a technique to control persistent bleeding from the anastomosis in the aortopulmonary recess using two kissing inflated balloons at the tip of two Foley catheters to tamponade the bleeding sites.
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219560/a-novel-approach-to-essential-thrombocythemia-and-cardiac-surgery
#3
Bradford B Smith, Gregory A Nuttall, Rajiv K Pruthi, David L Joyce, Matthew S Schuldes, Mark M Smith
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by persistent thrombocytosis (>450 × 10(9)/L). Patients with ET are at risk for thrombotic or hemorrhagic complications especially during cardiovascular operations. We discuss a patient with ET requiring coronary artery bypass grafting with a presenting platelet count of 1631 × 10(9)/L. Platelet reduction with an intraoperative autologous transfusion technique decreased the platelet count to 758 × 10(9)/L before initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197291/postoperative-right-ventricular-failure-in-cardiac-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Victor H Nieto Estrada, Daniel L Molano Franco, Albert A Valencia Moreno, Jose A Rojas Gambasica, Cristian C Cortes Nunez
Two cases of patients that developed right ventricular failure (RVF) after cardiac valve surgery are presented with a narrative revision of the literature. RVF involves a great challenge due to the severity of this condition; it has a low incidence among non-congenital cardiac surgery patients, is more likely associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary complications related to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and is a cause of acute graft failure and of a higher early mortality in cardiac transplant. The morphologic and hemodynamic characteristics of the right ventricle and some specific factors that breed pulmonary hypertension after cardiac surgery are in favor of the onset of RVF...
December 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195969/acute-mesenteric-ischemia-among-postcardiac-surgery-patients-presenting-with-multiple-organ-failure
#5
Alexis Guillaume, Sébastien Pili-Floury, Sidney Chocron, Eric Delabrousse, Bénédicte De Parseval, Stephane Koch, Emmanuel Samain, Gilles Capellier, Gaël Piton
BACKGROUND: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a rare but severe complication after cardiac surgery. However, AMI is likely to be more frequent in the subgroup of patients presenting with multiple organ failure after a cardiac surgery. The primary objective of this study was to identify AMI risk factors among patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of all the patients requiring admission to two ICUs in a large university hospital after a cardiac surgery procedure...
March 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193536/blood-brain-barrier-disruption-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-diagnosis-and-correlation-to-cognition
#6
Dan Abrahamov, Oren Levran, Sharon Naparstek, Yael Refaeli, Shani Kaptson, Mahmud Abu Salah, Yaron Ishai, Gideon Sahar
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) elicits a systemic inflammatory response that may impair blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity. BBB disruption can currently be detected by dynamic contrast enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), reflected by an increase in the permeability constant (K(trans)). We aimed to determine (1) whether CPB induces BBB disruption, (2) duration until BBB disruption resolution, and (3) the obtainable correlation between BBB injury (location and intensity) and neurocognitive dysfunction...
February 10, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149590/one-stage-hybrid-surgery-for-acute-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection-with-david-operation-aortic-arch-debranching-and-endovascular-graft-a-case-report
#7
Lulu Liu, Chaoyi Qin, Jianglong Hou, Da Zhu, Bengui Zhang, Hao Ma, Yingqiang Guo
Acute Stanford type A aortic dissection requires an extremely complex surgical strategy and presents high risk of complications. Although many different procedures were reported to treat this aortic dissection, high mortality rate and incidences of complications still exist. This study presents a 59-year-old lady with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection, which originated from the aortic root to proximal part of right external iliac artery and involved the brachiocephalic trunk, left carotid artery, celiac trunk, and left renal artery...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138196/superior-septal-approach-versus-left-atrial-approach-for-mitral-valve-replacement-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Tooba Ansar, Taimur Asif Ali, Saneeha Shahid, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi, Ghulam Murtaza
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of superior septal approach and left atrial approach for mitral valve replacement. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised records of patients who had undergone isolated mitral valve replacement from May 2003 to April 2012. Cases were reviewed for the outcomes [primary: loss of normal sinus rhythm; secondary: complications, residual defect and mortality]...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131424/outcomes-of-trainees-performing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-does-resident-experience-matter
#9
Kenan W Yount, Leora T Yarboro, Adishesh K Narahari, Ravi K Ghanta, Curtis G Tribble, Irving L Kron, John A Kern, Gorav Ailawadi
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) are known to be dependent on attending surgeon volume, but the impact of resident experience is unknown. Our objective was to assess the influence of resident experience to understand the learning curve for CABG. METHODS: From 2008 to 2014, all isolated on-pump CABG (n = 1,668) during which a resident performed the entire operation (including sternotomy, mammary artery harvest, coronary anastomoses, and closure) were reviewed...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129319/mini-bentall-an-interesting-approach-for-selected-patients
#10
Elisa Mikus, Antonio Micari, Simone Calvi, Maria Salomone, Marco Panzavolta, Marco Paris, Mauro Del Giglio
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive surgery through an upper hemisternotomy for aortic valve replacement has become the routine approach with excellent results. Actually, the same minimally invasive access is used for complex ascending aorta procedures only in few centers. We report our experience with minimally invasive approach for aortic valve and ascending aorta replacement using Bentall technique. METHODS: From January 2010 to November 2015, a total of 238 patients received ascending aorta and aortic valve replacement using Bentall De Bono procedure at our institution...
January 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129317/a-novel-treatment-using-an-intraventricular-stent-graft-for-postinfarction-ventricular-septal-rupture-in-a-porcine-model
#11
Yuji Nishida, Shigeyuki Tomita, Ryuta Kiuchi, Hiroshi Ohtake, Go Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a severe complication of acute myocardial infarction, and the conventional technique for repair is associated with high operative mortality. A novel intraventricular stent graft (IVSG) device was tested as a less invasive treatment for VSR; it does not require cardiopulmonary bypass, cardiac arrest, or left ventricular incision. Its effectiveness was assessed using animal experiments. METHODS: Six pigs were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass...
January 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128747/use-of-thrombin-generation-test-for-monitoring-hemostasis-in-coronary-bypass-surgery
#12
Gruzdeva Olga, Uchasova Evgenya, Fanaskova Elena, Akbasheva Olga, Penskaya Tatyana, Plotnikov Georgy, Dyleva Yulia, Barbarash Olga
To evaluate the parameters of the thrombin generation test (TGT) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients on prolonged aspirin therapy during on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after donor platelet concentrate transfusion. A total of 148 patients with CAD on prolonged aspirin therapy (75-100 mg/day) who have undergone elective on-pump CABG were consecutively included in the study. Patients were divided randomly into two groups. Group 1 (n = 76) received donor platelet transfusions after cardiopulmonary bypass, whereas Group 2 (n = 72) did not...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127215/use-of-short-term-steroids-in-the-prophylaxis-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiac-surgery
#13
Zeyad Al-Shawabkeh, Khalid Al-Nawaesah, Razi Abu Anzeh, Hael Al-Odwan, Wasfi Azyoud Bashar Al-Rawashdeh, Haetham Altaani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of corticosteroids in the prophylaxis of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting or valvular heart surgery in terms of reducing its incidence and decreasing the length of hospital stay. METHODS: This prospective double blinded randomized study was conducted at Queen Alia Heart Institute (Amman, Jordan) from June 2014 to June 2015 on 340 patients who underwent their first on-pump elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) alone or combined with valvular surgery...
January 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109683/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-delirium-in-patients-after-type-a-aortic-dissection-surgery
#14
Zhengqin Liu, Xinyan Pang, Xiquan Zhang, Guangqing Cao, Changcun Fang, Shuming Wu
OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence and related risk factors for postoperative delirium after type-A aortic dissection in patients who underwent Sun's procedure (total arch replacement using a tetrafurcate graft with stented elephant trunk implantation). DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: A cardiac surgical intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 100 patients admitted to the intensive care unit for type-A aortic dissection...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108578/the-activated-clotting-time-in-cardiac-surgery-should-celite-or-kaolin-be-used
#15
Adrianus J De Vries, Annemieke Oude Lansink-Hartgring, Freek-Jan Fernhout, Rolf C G Huet, Edwin R van den Heuvel
OBJECTIVES: Both kaolin- and Celite-activated clotting times (ACT) are used to guide anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass. It is unknown whether these methods lead to similar management procedures for anticoagulation in patients and are thus interchangeable in terms of bias, precision and variability. METHODS: We randomized 97 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or aortic valve replacement to either kaolin- or Celite-guided anticoagulation...
January 20, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100977/preserving-a-well-functioning-33-year-old-starr-edwards-aortic-prosthesis-in-repeat-aortic-root-aneurysm-repair
#16
Abdallah K Alameddine, Victor K Alimov, John A Rousou, Fabrizio I Pluchino
We report the case of a 61-year-old obese male patient in whom we found a well-functioning 33-year-old Starr-Edwards aortic prosthesis during repeat aortic surgery. Rather than explant the prosthesis, we remodeled the aortic root, almost completely removing the aortic sinuses and leaving only a pillar of aortic tissue around the coronary ostia. The proximal end of a Hemashield tube-graft was then scalloped to accommodate the remaining aortic tissue. The patient's heart function was excellent after his weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096823/comparison-of-del-nido-cardioplegia-and-st-thomas-hospital-solution-two-types-of-cardioplegia-in-adult-cardiac-surgery
#17
Prashant Mishra, Ranjit B Jadhav, Chandan Kumar Ray Mohapatra, Jayant Khandekar, Chaitanya Raut, Ganesh Kumar Ammannaya, Harsh S Seth, Jaskaran Singh, Vaibhav Shah
INTRODUCTION: St. Thomas' cardioplegic solution No. 2 (ST), although most widely used in adult cardiac surgery, needs to be given at short intervals, causing additional myocardial injury. AIM: To determine whether del Nido (DN) cardioplegia, with longer periods of arrest, provides equivalent myocardial protection as compared to ST. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population comprised 100 patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or double valve replacement (DVR) surgery between January 2015 and January 2016...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095748/myocardial-inactivation-of-thyroid-hormones-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis
#18
Bruno Paolino, Pablo Maria Pomerantzeff, Luiz Alberto O Dallan, Fabio Antonio Gaiotto, Nailliw Zanini Preite, Ana Claudia Latronico, Jose Carlos Nicolau, Antonio Carlos Bianco, Roberto Giraldez
OBJECTIVE: To study myocardial thyroid hormone metabolism in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS) undergoing aortic valve replacement and in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. CONTEXT: The human heart expresses the type 2 deiodinase (D2) that activates T4 to T3. At the same time, the inactivating type 3 deiodinase (D3) has been found in a rat model of right ventricular hypertrophy. It is not known whether the human myocardium metabolizes thyroid hormone...
January 17, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089142/bedside-monitoring-of-cerebral-energy-state-during-cardiac-surgery-a-novel-approach-utilizing-intravenous-microdialysis
#19
Simon Mölström, Troels H Nielsen, Claus Andersen, Carl H Nordström, Palle Toft
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether the lactate-to-pyruvate (LP) ratio obtained by microdialysis (MD) of the cerebral venous outflow reflected a derangement of global cerebral energy state during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN: Interventional, prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Single-center, university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 10 patients undergoing primary, elective coronary artery bypass grafting...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087104/improved-outcomes-from-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-versus-ventricular-assist-device-temporary-support-of-primary-graft-dysfunction-in-heart-transplant
#20
Koji Takeda, Boyangzi Li, Arthur R Garan, Veli K Topkara, Jiho Han, Paolo C Colombo, Maryjane A Farr, Yoshifumi Naka, Hiroo Takayama
BACKGROUND: Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is one of the most common causes of early death after orthotopic heart transplantation. Mechanical circulatory support devices are required for severe forms of PGD. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) and temporary ventricular assist device (VAD) support have both been reported to be useful for severe PGD. METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2015, 597 patients received a heart transplant at our center...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
keyword
keyword
26499
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"