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Acute myocardic infarct

Hiromu Kehara, Tamaki Takano, Takamitsu Terasaki, Kenji Okada
We experienced a case of ventricular assist with both a pulsatile-flow and a continuous-flow pump in a pediatric patient, and herein report the clinical course and characteristics of the pumps. A 6-year-old female was diagnosed with fulminant myocarditis and transferred to our hospital for mechanical support. After 12 days of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, we implanted a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and a right ventricular assist device (RVAD) using centrifugal Gyro pumps with a membrane oxygenator in a paracorporeal fashion...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Priv- Doz, Dr Johannes Sperzel
Wearable cardioverter defibrillators (WCD), initially available in 2002, have recently experienced more routine use in many institutions as a means of preventing sudden cardiac death (SCD) prior to implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) evaluation or implantation. WCD differ from ICD by their noninvasive nature, making them well suited for patient populations who have a chance for significant cardiac recovery (such as after an acute myocardial infarction). Despite their noninvasive nature, WCD treatment of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias is highly successful...
February 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
Timo-Benjamin Baumeister, Ingo Wickenbrock, Christian A Perings
Methylphenidate (Ritalin(®)) is an increasingly used medication in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Cardiovascular adverse effects like vasospasm or myocardial infarction are described as very rare adverse effects. We present the case of a 21-year-old man diagnosed with ADHD who recently started therapy with Ritalin(®) Adult 20 mg for at least 3 days. Afterwards he presented with chest pain, elevated troponin and creatine kinase, and posterolateral ST elevations. A myocarditis was initially supposed...
December 2016: Drug Safety—Case Reports
R Q Zhu, C Z Liu, J H Lu, Y P Su, S C Wen, G J Nie, Y Z Hu, L E Zuo
Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy and factors associated with outcome of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in refractory cardiogenic shock patients. Methods: Patients with refractory cardiogenic shock received ECMO treatment in our hospital from May 2013 to November 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical status before ECMO support, ECMO timing, complications and outcome were observed and analyzed.The hemodynamic data and the amount of vasoactive drugs at 2 hours before ECMO support and at 2, 6, 24 and 48 hours after ECMO support were collected and compared...
September 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Robert C Hsu, Joshua Burak, Sumit Tiwari, Chayan Chakraborti, Gary E Sander
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD), caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, affects 6-7 million people worldwide annually, primarily in Central and South America, and >300,000 people in the United States. CD consists of acute and chronic stages. Hallmarks of acute CD include fever, myalgia, diaphoresis, hepatosplenomegaly, and myocarditis. Symptoms of chronic CD include pathologic involvement of the heart, esophagus, and colon. Myocardial involvement is identifiable by electrocardiogram and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showing inflammation and left ventricular wall functional abnormalities...
2016: Ochsner Journal
E Stephenson, K Savvatis, S A Mohiddin, F M Marelli-Berg
T-cell-mediated immunity has been linked not only to a variety of heart diseases, including classic inflammatory diseases such as myocarditis and post-myocardial infarction (Dressler's) syndrome, but also to conditions without an obvious inflammatory component such as idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and hypertensive cardiomyopathy. It has been recently proposed that in all these conditions, the heart becomes the focus of T-cell-mediated autoimmune inflammation following ischaemic or infectious injury. For example, in acute myocarditis, an inflammatory disease of heart muscle, T-cell responses are thought to arise as a consequence of a viral infection...
September 2, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Rodolfo San Antonio, Margarida Pujol López, Rosario Jesús Perea, Manel Sabaté
ST-segment elevation after hydrochloric acid ingestion has barely been described in the literature, without identification of its causal mechanism. We hypothesize that acute caustic myocarditis, by direct contact between necrotic upper gastrointestinal tract and pericardium may induce the ECG findings.
August 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Konstantinos Karatolios, Georgios Chatzis, Birgit Markus, Ulrich Luesebrink, Anette Richter, Bernhard Schieffer
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock remains a clinical challenge with high mortality rate. Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices have become an integral component of the therapeutic armamentarium expanding the treatment options for refractory cardiogenic shock (RCS). METHODS: We included all consecutive patients with biventricular unloading with Impella-2.5 and VA-ECMO admitted for RCS between October 2013 and March 2015. Outcome data included survival to discharge, bridging to VAD and 28-day mortality...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Ulf K Radunski, Gunnar K Lund, Dennis Säring, Sebastian Bohnen, Christian Stehning, Bernhard Schnackenburg, Maxim Avanesov, Enver Tahir, Gerhard Adam, Stefan Blankenberg, Kai Muellerleile
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the ability of T1 and T2 mapping cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to detect myocardial injury in apparently normal myocardium of patients with myocarditis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 20 patients with "infarct-like" acute myocarditis who had typical focal myocardial lesions on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images as well as 20 healthy controls. The CMR protocol consisted of a standard myocarditis protocol which was combined with T1 (modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) with a 3(3)5 scheme and T2 mapping (hybrid gradient- and spin-echo multi-echo sequence, GraSE)...
July 7, 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Feng Kai, Liu Lifeng, Song Haijing, Liu Xianhua, Xia Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of 4,183 Da peptide of dermcidin protein in the early diagnosis and differential diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. METHODS: A prospective controlled study was conducted. Serum samples were drawn from 161 patients with acute coronary'syndrome [ACS, including 46 patients with unstable angina (UA), 23 with acute non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, and 92 with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction], 111 subjects for routine physical examination, including 45 patients with hypertension history, 42 with coronary heart disease, 22 with diabetes, and 54 patients with non-ACS (including pulmonary embolism, aortic dissection, aneurysm, arrhythmia, myocarditis, coronary myocardial bridge, pleurisy, pneumothorax pneumomediastinum, rib fracture, reflux esophagitis, peptic ulcer, and pancreatitis) to serve as controls...
December 2015: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Younes Nozari, Masih Tajdini, Mehdi Mehrani, Rosa Ghaderpanah
Distinguishing ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) differential diagnoses is more challenging. Myopericarditis is one of these differentials that results from viral involvement of myocardium and pericardium of the heart. Myopericarditis in focal form can mimic acute STEMI in its electrocardiogram (ECG) features and elevated cardiac enzymes. Myocarditis patients may face thrombolytic related complications such as intracranial bleeding, myocardial rupture, and hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade. Furthermore, re-administration of streptokinase (a common thrombolytic agent in our country) is banned for at least six months of previous administration; however, it can save patients' lives in emergency conditions such as massive pulmonary embolism...
2016: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Martijn W Smulders, Bas L J H Kietselaer, Simon Schalla, Jan Bucerius, Caroline Jaarsma, Marja P van Dieijen-Visser, Alma M A Mingels, Hans-Peter Brunner-La Rocca, Mark Post, Marco Das, Harry J G M Crijns, Joachim E Wildberger, Sebastiaan C A M Bekkers
Management of patients with acute chest pain remains challenging. Cardiac biomarker testing reduces the likelihood of erroneously discharging patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Despite normal contemporary troponins, physicians have still been reluctant to discharge patients without additional testing. Nowadays, the extremely high negative predictive value of current high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays challenges this need. However, the decreased specificity of hs-cTn assays to diagnose AMI poses a new problem as noncoronary diseases (eg, pulmonary embolism, myocarditis, cardiomyopathies, hypertension, renal failure, etc) may also cause elevated hs-cTn levels...
July 2016: American Heart Journal
Zhao-Peng Zhong, Hong Wang, Xiao-Tong Hou
Heart failure (HF) can be defined as cardiac structural or functional abnormality leading to a series of symptoms due to deficiency of oxygen delivery. In the clinical practice, acute heart failure (AHF) is usually performed as cardiogenic shock (CS), pulmonary edema, and single or double ventricle congestive heart failure. CS refers to depressed or insufficient cardiac output (CO) attributable to myocardial infarction, fulminant myocarditis, acute circulatory failure attributable to intractable arrhythmias or the exacerbation of chronic heart failure, postcardiotomy low CO syndrome, and so forth...
2016: BioMed Research International
Anne Lee Solevåg, Georg M Schmölzer, Po-Yin Cheung
Background Infant and neonatal myocardial infarction (MI) has been described in association with congenital heart disease, coronary artery abnormalities, myocarditis, and tumors. MI in the perinatal period in a structurally normal heart and with ventricular arrhythmia as a presenting feature has not been thoroughly described. Published case reports describe treatment methods extrapolated from adult MI. However, due to the rare occurrence, the most appropriate acute treatment for both MI and ventricular arrhythmia in newborn infants remains unknown...
April 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Laura Scudiero, Francesco Soriano, Nuccia Morici, Giovanni Grillo, Oriana Belli, Alice Sacco, Manlio Cipriani, Patrizia Pedrotti, Giuseppina Quattrocchi, Silvio Klugmann, Fabrizio Oliva
We report the case of a 23-year-old man who developed an acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction secondary to acute thrombotic occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery five years after undergoing chemotherapy, radiotherapy, haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and bulky mediastinal mass involving the pleura and pericardium. His medical history also included Graft versus Host Disease developed 13 months after transplantation and acute myocarditis three months before the actual hospital admission...
May 24, 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Myriam Amsallem, Toshinobu Saito, Yuko Tada, Rajesh Dash, Michael V McConnell
Inflammation plays a significant role in a wide range of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The numerous implications of inflammation in all steps of CVDs, including initiation, progression and complications, have prompted the emergence of noninvasive imaging modalities as diagnostic, prognostic and monitoring tools. In this review, we first synthesize the existing evidence on the role of inflammation in vascular and cardiac diseases, in order to identify the main targets used in noninvasive imaging. We chose to focus on positron emission tomographic (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, which offer the greatest potential of translation and clinical application...
May 25, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Xin Chang, Xin Li, Zhen Guo, Lingfeng Xu, Lin Sun, Dan Shi, Hua Xu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reason and treatment of the complications of 61 cases of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in order to improve survival rate of ECMO treatment. METHODS: ECMO records from January 2007 to December 2014 in Shanghai Chest Hospital were investigated retrospectively focusing on complications. There were included 43 male and 18 female patients, age 3 to 66 years. Indications for ECMO included post-operative low cardiac output, viral myocarditis, bridge to heart transplantation, acute respiratory distress syndrome and myocardial infarction...
May 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Jia Ke-Gang, Li Zhi-Wei, Zhang Xin, Wang Jing, Shi Ping, Han Xue-Jing, Tang Hong-Xia, Tang Xin, Liu Xiao-Cheng
Circulating microRNA has recently emerged as a promising biomarker for cardiovascular disease. This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of circulating miR-133a as a marker of acute myocardial infarction in acute chest pain patients undergoing coronary angiography.Plasma was collected from 312 patients with chest pain on admission in the emergency department and 67 healthy controls. MiR-133a was detected using real-time quantitative PCR and enhanced accu-TnI, creatinine kinase-MB mass, and myoglobin were measured by immunoassay...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Houzefa Chopra, Dimitri Arangalage, Claire Bouleti, Samuel Zarka, Florence Fayard, Sylvie Chillon, Jean-Pierre Laissy, Marie-Cécile Henry-Feugeas, Philippe-Gabriel Steg, Alec Vahanian, Phalla Ou
BACKGROUND: Prognostic value of the infarct- and non-infarct like patterns and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) parameters on long-term outcome of patients after acute myocarditis is not well known. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2015, 112 consecutive patients with CMR-based diagnosis of acute myocarditis were identified in our institution. Of them, 88 were available for clinical follow-up and represented our studied population. Patients were divided into infarct-like group (n=48) (association of acute chest pain, elevated Troponin levels and ST-elevation) and non-infarct-like group (n=40) with any other presentation...
June 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Waldemar Elikowski, Andrzej Marszałek, Małgorzata Małek-Elikowska, Teresa Ganowicz-Kaatz, Iwona Mozer-Lisewska
The varicella zoster virus (VZV) belongs to cardiotropic viruses, although the frequency of cardiac complications during VZV infection is low. Diagnosis of myocarditis or myopericarditis is rare during varicella - primary infection of VZV and sporadic in zoster - reactivation of latent VZV. Only few such cases have been described. The authors present a case of a 23-year-old male in whom clinical symptoms of myopericarditis developed a week after diagnosis of zoster that was localized in the left-upper part of the thorax...
February 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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