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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333373/correction-of-congenital-cleft-earlobe-with-front-and-back-flaps
#1
Selman Karaci, Rüştü Köse
Congenital auricular deformities may be either deformational or malformational. Malformational anomalies present with a skin or cartilage shortage. Two cases with congenital cleft earlobe were presented. A new surgical technique using a two-layered repair with front and back flaps were introduced. She waited to begin wearing earrings until six months after the surgery to prevent possible scar contracture. The patients were followed up for a period ranging from 3 to 14 months. The earlobe volume deficiency was replaced, and acceptable scar maturation was obtained...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329247/a-simple-method-to-measure-renal-function-in-swine-by-the-plasma-clearance-of-iohexol
#2
Sergio Luis-Lima, Consolación García-Contreras, Marta Vázquez-Gómez, Susana Astiz, Fabiola Carrara, Flavio Gaspari, Natalia Negrín-Mena, Alejandro Jiménez-Sosa, Hugo Jiménez-Hernández, Antonio González-Bulnes, Esteban Porrini
There is no simple method to measure glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in swine, an established model for studying renal disease. We developed a protocol to measure GFR in conscious swine by using the plasma clearance of iohexol. We used two groups, test and validation, with eight animals each. Ten milliliters of iohexol (6.47 g) was injected into the marginal auricular vein and blood samples (3 mL) were collected from the orbital sinus at different points after injection. GFR was determined using two models: two-compartment (CL2: all samples) and one-compartment (CL1: the last six samples)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328534/split-thickness-skin-grafting-for-reconstruction-of-auricular-skin-defects-a-statistical-analysis
#3
Tobias Thuile, Lorenz Larcher, Barbara Gatscher, Karl Schwaiger, Jenny Deluca, Amgiad Fallaha, Lukas Tappeiner, Mario Puviani, Klaus Eisendle
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical reconstruction following the removal of large malignant auricular lesions is challenging. While many options for defect closure have been described, in the elderly population usually affected flap surgery, long anesthesia times, patient compliance, and anticoagulant therapy pose additional risks. An alternative quick, simple, and effective method of defect closure is therefore highly desirable. The objective of the present study was to assess the aesthetic outcome, healing process, complications, and recurrence rates associated with unmeshed split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) used for covering large auricular skin defects following cartilage-sparing skin cancer removal...
January 12, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320468/clinical-remission-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-auricle-with-cetuximab-and-nivolumab
#4
Alessandra Chen, Nabilah Ali, Peter Boasberg, Allen S Ho
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) affecting the regions of the head and neck can be challenging to resect surgically and refractory to chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Consequently; the treatment of squamous cell carcinomas of the skin is a focus of current research. One such advancement is immunotherapy. Herein we describe clinical remission of invasive, poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the pre-auricular region with external auditory canal involvement using cetuximab, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibody; and nivolumab, a programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) antibody...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315828/a-collagen-coated-pga-conduit-for-interpositional-jump-graft-with-end-to-side-neurorrhaphy-for-treating-facial-nerve-paralysis-in-rat
#5
Yosuke Niimi, Hajime Matsumine, Yuichi Takeuchi, Hironobu Osaki, Satoshi Tsunoda, Mariko Miyata, Masayuki Yamato, Hiroyuki Sakurai
PURPOSE: This study investigated the potential of collagen-coated polyglycolic acid (PGA) tube with interpositional jump graft (IPJG) in rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 Lewis rats were used in this study. Facial nerve paralysis was created by ligating facial nerve trunk with a ligature clip. The rats were divided into 3 groups. Nerve conduit group (n = 6) were treated by IPJG with collagen-coated PGA tubes between the facial nerve trunks and the hypoglossal nerves...
January 8, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315203/effects-of-auricular-acupressure-on-sleep-quality-anxiety-and-depressed-mood-in-rn-bsn-students-with-sleep-disturbance
#6
Ke-Hsin Chueh, Chia-Chuan Chang, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Students in 2-year registered nurse to Bachelor of Science in nursing (RN-BSN) programs usually work full-time and study part-time. Sleep disturbance, anxiety, and depression are known to be common health problems among these students.Prior research has described the effectiveness of auricular acupressure (AA) in reducing sleep disturbance and improving mood. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using a 4-week AA program that adheres to a magnetic pellet on the shenmen acupoint on sleep quality, anxiousness, and depressed moods in nursing students with sleep disturbance...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309738/temporomandibular-joint-disc-repositioning-by-suturing-through-open-incision-a-technical-note
#7
Dongmei He, Chi Yang, Huimin Zhu, Edward Ellis
It is technically difficult to arthroscopically reposition and suture the temporomandibular joint disc to the auricular cartilage. This article introduces a straightforward method to reposition the disc and suture it to the auricular cartilage through a small incision.
December 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306974/the-effects-of-transcutaneous-low-level-laser-therapy-on-the-skin-healing-process-an-experimental-model
#8
Felipe Scholz Ramos, Laura Beatriz Mesiano Maifrino, Sarah Alves, Beatriz da Costa Aguiar Alves, Matheus Moreira Perez, David Feder, Ligia Ajaime Azzalis, Virginia Berlanga Campos Junqueira, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca
We aim to evaluate the action of transcutaneous laser in the initial wound healing process. The use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has proven to be effective on inflammatory modulation and wound healing. The trial was performed on five groups of rats, through a dorsal incision. All groups received treatment on auricular artery. Groups 1 and 3 were treated with transcutaneous LLLT over a period of 15 min. Groups 2 and 4 received one and two inactive laser applications (placebo), respectively. Group 5 was the control one...
January 6, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305037/transauricular-vagus-nerve-stimulation-at-auricular-acupoints-kindey-co10-yidan-co11-liver-co12-and-shenmen-tf4-can-induce-auditory-and-limbic-cortices-activation-measured-by-fmri
#9
Liyan Peng, Ketao Mu, Aiguo Liu, Liangqiang Zhou, Yueyue Gao, Imrit Tejvansh Shenoy, Zhigang Mei, Qingguo Chen
The purpose of this study was to explore the central mechanism of transauricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) to human by fMRI and to find a suitable taVNS site for potential tinnitus treatment. 24 healthy subjects aged between 28 and 38 years were enrolled in the experiment. 8 subjects were stimulated in the auricular acupoints Kindey (CO10), Yidan (CO11), Liver (CO12) and Shenmen (TF4) in the left ear, 8 subjects were stimulated at the anterior wall of the auditory canal and left lower limb as an anterior stimulation group; 8 persons who were arranged in a sham group received taVNS at the left ear lobe and tail of the helix...
December 24, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301556/combined-electroacupuncture-and-auricular-acupuncture-for-postoperative-pain-after-abdominal-surgery-for-gynecological-diseases-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Wing Lok Lam, Wing Fai Yeung, Mei Kuen Wong, Chi Wai Cheung, Karen Kar Loen Chan, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, Carlos King Ho Wong, Hai Yong Chen, Lixing Lao
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is a major complaint following abdominal surgery for gynecological diseases. Effective postoperative pain control after abdominal surgery is particularly important for patient recovery, mobility, and satisfaction. Acupuncture has been commonly used for pain management. However, its efficacy in postoperative pain control is inconclusive and health economic evaluation is limited. METHODS: A randomized, sham-controlled, patient- and- assessor-blind trial is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in managing postoperative pain following abdominal surgery of gynecological diseases...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296639/novel-posterior-auricular-cutaneous-reaction-after-anti-tnf-%C3%AE-infusion-in-young-women-with-crohn-s-disease
#11
Lauren N Ko, Joanie Pinard, Joseph F Merola, Mital Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288488/autografting-in-the-treatment-of-large-auricular-keloids
#12
David M Kowalczyk, J Randall Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287851/hearing-improvement-with-softband-and-implanted-bone-anchored-hearing-devices-and-modified-implantation-surgery-in-patients-with-bilateral-microtia-atresia
#13
Yibei Wang, Xinmiao Fan, Pu Wang, Yue Fan, Xiaowei Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate auditory development and hearing improvement in patients with bilateral microtia-atresia using softband and implanted bone-anchored hearing devices and to modify the implantation surgery. METHODS: The subjects were divided into two groups: the softband group (40 infants, 3 months to 2 years old, Ponto softband) and the implanted group (6 patients, 6-28 years old, Ponto). The Infant-Toddler Meaning Auditory Integration Scale was used conducted to evaluate auditory development at baseline and after 3, 6, 12, and 24 months, and visual reinforcement audiometry was used to assess the auditory threshold in the softband group...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277920/three-dimensional-morphological-analysis-of-the-human-sacroiliac-joint-influences-on-the-degenerative-changes-of-the-auricular-surfaces
#14
Keita Nishi, Toshiyuki Tsurumoto, Keishi Okamoto, Keiko Ogami-Takamura, Takashi Hasegawa, Takefumi Moriuchi, Junya Sakamoto, Joichi Oyamada, Toshio Higashi, Yoshitaka Manabe, Kazunobu Saiki
The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is responsible for weight transmission between the spine and lower extremity. However, details of the structure and function of the SIJ remain unclear. In a previous study, we devised a method of quantitatively evaluating the level of degeneration of the SIJ using an age estimation procedure for the auricular surface of the ilium. Our results in that study suggested that the degree of degeneration of the joint surface may be associated with the morphology of the auricular surface of the ilium...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276968/icotinib-inhibits-egfr-signaling-and-alleviates-psoriasis-like-symptoms-in-animal-models
#15
Fenlai Tan, Guiqun Yang, Yanping Wang, Haibo Chen, Bo Yu, He Li, Jing Guo, Xiaoling Huang, Yifang Deng, Pengxia Yu, Lieming Ding
To investigate the effects of icotinib hydrochloride and a derivative cream on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling and within animal psoriasis models, respectively. The effect of icotinib on EGFR signaling was examined in HaCaT cells, while its effect on angiogenesis was tested in chick embryo chorioallantoic membranes (CAM). The effectiveness of icotinib in treating psoriasis was tested in three psoriasis models, including diethylstilbestrol-treated mouse vaginal epithelial cells, mouse tail granular cell layer formation, and propranolol-induced psoriasis-like features in guinea pig ear skin...
December 27, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275193/transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation-tvns-enhances-recognition-of-emotions-in-faces-but-not-bodies
#16
Roberta Sellaro, Beatrice de Gelder, Alessandra Finisguerra, Lorenza S Colzato
The polyvagal theory suggests that the vagus nerve is the key phylogenetic substrate enabling optimal social interactions, a crucial aspect of which is emotion recognition. A previous study showed that the vagus nerve plays a causal role in mediating people's ability to recognize emotions based on images of the eye region. The aim of this study is to verify whether the previously reported causal link between vagal activity and emotion recognition can be generalized to situations in which emotions must be inferred from images of whole faces and bodies...
November 23, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273933/neck-contouring-without-rhytidectomy-in-the-presence-of-excess-skin
#17
Ji H Son, Christina Pindar, Kristopher Katira, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe neck skin laxity due to excess submental adipose tissue have required either standard rhytidectomy or direct excision of neck skin with Z-plasty and submental lipectomy. Our recent experiences with four patients who declined cervicofacial rhytidectomy demonstrate that submental lipectomy and platysmarrhaphy appear to obtain sufficient improvement. METHODS: The submental area, submandibular area, and lateral neck are injected with local anesthetic...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258939/retrosigmoid-approach-investigating-the-role-of-a-c-shaped-skin-incision-and-muscle-flaps-in-improving-functional-outcome-and-to-reduce-postoperative-pain
#18
Salvatore Chibbaro, Hélène Cebula, Antonino Scibilia, Giorgio Spatola, Julien Todeschi, Arthur Gubian, Louise Scheer, Gianfranco Ligarotti, Ali Moghaddamjou, Farouk Hajhouji, Filippo Flavio Angileri, Antonino Germanò, Christian Debry, Francois Proust, Mario Ganau
BACKGROUND: A case-control study was designed to investigate the impact on functional outcome and postoperative pain of a modified C-shaped skin incision and muscle flaps in patients undergoing minicraniotomy retrosigmoid approach (mCRSA). METHODS: Enrolled patients were prospectively studied and divided/assigned to Group A, standard straight/lazy S-shaped incision or Group B, modified C-shaped incision. The latter consisted of a 4 cm C-shaped skin incision with medial convexity (placed 8cm laterally to the external occipital protuberance, with the lower edge terminating 1,5-2cm above the mastoid tip); followed, upon sub-periosteal dissection, the muscle flaps are reflected superiorly and inferiorly by stiches...
December 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237915/effect-of-auricular-points-treatment-combined-with-acupoints-application-in-patients-with-constipation-after-lung-cancer-surgery
#19
Yan Li, Daliang Qi, Lei Gong, Huiping Qu, Bin Xu, Xiaoyan Wen, Jing Li, Jie Xu
OBJECT: To assess the effect of auricular points treatment combined with acupoints application on patient with constipation after lung cancer surgery. METHODS: Design and participants: This is a single-center randomized controlled trial. Totally 341 after lung cancer surgery patients were randomly assigned into the experimental group (n = 174) and the control group (n = 167). The control group received routine nursing care, which was included psychological support, diet instruction, and post-operative activities guidance...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234856/modified-island-technique-for-prominent-ears
#20
Horacio F Mayer, Hugo D Loustau
There have been several methods described for the correction of prominent ears, including techniques that excise, bend, suture, score, or cut the auricular cartilage. The Island Technique, proposed by Pitanguy, is based on the creation of a cartilage island to define the antihelix and correct the conchoscaphal angle. Visibility of sharp edges has been the main criticism of this technique. To avoid them, we advise performing an internal bevel incision to round off the edges and achieve a more natural look. Also, sometimes prominent ears are asymmetric with different conchoscaphal angles, determining a residual but protruding upper pole, thus requiring different treatment on each side...
December 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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