keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Auricular

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160177/neurological-examination-in-healthy-chinchillas-chinchilla-lanigera
#1
Renata Snow, Christoph Mans, Helena Rylander
Chinchillas are popular as laboratory models and companion animals, and they can be affected by a variety of infectious and non-infectious neurological diseases. Little information is available on making a neurological diagnosis in this species, in part because the neurological examination has not been standardized in chinchillas and the expected physiological findings in healthy chinchillas have not been reported. In this study, a standardized neurological examination was performed on 30 clinically normal chinchillas...
December 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153193/auricular-prostheses-in-microtia
#2
REVIEW
Philippe A Federspil
The progress made in the development of the silicones and percutaneous titanium implants allow for rehabilitation of patients with microtia with an inconspicuous auricular prosthesis. The art of making the prosthesis by the dedicated anaplastologist is the key for the success of this approach. Most patients with microtia desire camouflage. The greatest advantage of the auricular prosthesis is that it can be manufactured as a mirrored replica of the opposite side. The outcome is predictable. Computer science with virtual planning and rapid prototyping is about to revolutionize the process of prosthetic auricular rehabilitation...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153190/auricular-reconstruction-using-porous-polyethylene-implant-technique
#3
REVIEW
Scott Stephan, John Reinisch
Alloplast-based ear reconstruction has become more popular over the years because it offers many advantages compared with the traditional staged autologous costal cartilage approach. Advantages include earlier reconstruction in the setting of microtia, fewer procedures, less donor site morbidity, shorter surgeon learning curve, and improved consistency in the final aesthetic result. Although other implantable materials have been used in auricular reconstruction with variable success, porous high-density polyethylene frameworks combined with recent advances in the creation of the soft tissue coverage have significantly improved outcomes with minimal complications and long-term viability...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153188/autologous-rib-microtia-construction-nagata-technique
#4
REVIEW
Akira Yamada
Nagata technique becomes most popular method of autologous rib microtia construction. To achieve successful outcome, 3 keys must be perfect: skin envelope, 3D cartilage framework, and proper location of the construct. The first step of the surgery is to identify "auricular rectangle." Relationship between the auricular rectangle and the vestige will determine if the vestige is usable for surgery. Rib cartilage must be harvested without perichondrium to prevent chest deformity. Lobule split technique is the hallmark of the Nagata technique, which allows skin envelope expansion, and allows deeper conchal cavity...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153187/otoplasty-for-congenital-auricular-malformations
#5
REVIEW
Jiahui Lin, Anthony P Sclafani
Among the less common congenital auricular anomalies are cryptotia, Stahl ear, constricted ear, and macrotia. The vast majority of these occur spontaneously without accompanying syndromes or other deformities. This article provides a comprehensive overview of these anomalies, as well as common techniques to correct these anomalies.
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153186/cosmetic-otoplasty
#6
REVIEW
Alexander L Schneider, Douglas M Sidle
Otoplasty for prominent ears is a rewarding yet exacting surgery that demands the precise application of anatomic knowledge, anthropometric norms, and surgical creativity. The practitioner must be able to use a variety of different techniques to provide durable and acceptable cosmetic results to patients. This article provides an in-depth description of normal and abnormal auricular anatomy, the historical context for modern otoplasty, and describes in detail the common otoplastic procedures currently performed...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153185/nonsurgical-management-of-congenital-auricular-anomalies
#7
REVIEW
Christen Lennon, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
Congenital auricular deformities often can be corrected by neonatal ear molding techniques, which have evolved significantly over a 25-year period with commercially available molding systems now available. Indications for molding and methodology for best optimizing results have been well described in the literature, although recent studies have explored methodology for reduction in the cost of technique and also called for increased awareness among pediatric practitioners of the importance of early institution of therapy...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150196/single-stage-urethroplasty-with-buccal-mucosal-inlay-graft-for-stricture-caused-by-balanitis-xerotica-obliterans-in-boys-outcomes-in-the-medium-term
#8
Junaid Ashraf, Alexander Turner, Ramnath Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a common condition that can affect the foreskin, glans, meatus, and urethra, and rarely can also involve urethra leading to stricture. Numerous procedures have been suggested to treat urethral stricture secondary to BXO but these have had variable results. OBJECTIVE: We describe the first prospective study of a single stage buccal mucosal inlay grafting in children with urethral strictures resistant to existing remedies...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145528/auricular-prostheses-produced-by-means-of-conventional-and-digital-workflows-a-clinical-report-on-esthetic-outcomes
#9
Alexey Unkovskiy, Joern Brom, Fabian Huettig, Constanze Keutel
The utilization of additive manufacturing (AM) technology for the production of auricular prostheses has been widely acknowledged. However, few studies and case history reports have evaluated the esthetic outcomes of AM prostheses compared to those of conventionally manufactured prostheses. In this case history report, three manufacturing approaches-conventional, indirect, and direct mold preparation-were assessed for their esthetic outcomes in the same patient.
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140386/retrospective-study-of-survival-of-extraoral-endosseous-craniofacial-implants-in-head-and-neck-surgery-patients
#10
Brent J Woods, Arun Chandu
PURPOSE: To determine the survival rate of implants placed in different craniofacial locations and factors affecting survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of patients treated at the Royal Melbourne Hospital who received craniofacial implants for an array of benign and malignant conditions. Implant survival per site and cumulative survival were determined. Surgical and implant variables were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier and Cox Proportional Hazards Models...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139602/cell-yield-chondrogenic-potential-and-regenerated-cartilage-type-of-chondrocytes-derived-from-ear-nasoseptal-and-costal-cartilage
#11
Aijuan He, Huitang Xia, Kaiyan Xiao, Tingting Wang, Yu Liu, Jixin Xue, Dan Li, Shengjian Tang, Fangjun Liu, Xiaoyun Wang, Wenjie Zhang, Wei Liu, Yilin Cao, Guangdong Zhou
Functional reconstruction of large cartilage defects in subcutaneous sites remains clinically challenging because of limited donor cartilage. Tissue engineering is a promising and widely accepted strategy for cartilage regeneration. To date however, this strategy has not achieved a significant breakthrough in clinical translation owing to a lack of detailed pre-clinical data on cell yield and functionality of clinically applicable chondrocytes. To address this issue, the current study investigated the initial cell yield, proliferative potential, chondrogenic capacity, and regenerated cartilage-type of human chondrocytes derived from auricular (AU), nasoseptal (NS), and costal (CO) cartilage using a scaffold-free cartilage regeneration model (cartilage sheet)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135862/management-of-sigmoid-sinus-associated-pulsatile-tinnitus-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Alan C Wang, Avery N Nelson, Cassandra Pino, Peter F Svider, Robert S Hong, Eleanor Chan
OBJECTIVES: Although studies demonstrate 4 to 20% of patients with pulsatile tinnitus (PT) have associated sigmoid sinus anomalies, no consensus exists regarding optimal management. Our objective was to perform a systematic review exploring surgical and endovascular intervention of PT caused by sigmoid sinus anomalies. DATA SOURCES/EXTRACTION: A systematic review was performed using the Preferred Reporting Systems for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines for reporting of results, with a target population encompassing patients with PT and either sigmoid sinus diverticulum or sigmoid wall dehiscence...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132812/the-antitumor-effect-of-folic-acid-conjugated-auricularia-auricular-polysaccharide-cisplatin-complex-on-cervical-carcinoma-cells-in-nude-mice
#13
Junqiang Qiu, Hua Zhang, Zhenyu Wang, Didi Liu, Shumin Liu, Wei Han, Joe M Regenstein, Lin Geng
A tumor-targeted, folic acid (FA) conjugated-Auricularia auricular polysaccharide (AAP) -cis-diaminedichloroplatinum (CDDP) complex (FA-AAP-CDDP) was used for cervical carcinoma chemotherapy. The drug delivery system was able to enhance the antitumor potency of CDDP, and to reduce the toxic side effects of CDDP. The kidney of mice treated by FA-AAP-CDDP complex had higher superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities, and lower malondialdehyde. FA-AAP-CDDP complex could induce more interleukin-2, interleukin-4, and interferon-γ in mice...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126262/relapsing-polychondritis-a-clinical-review-for-rheumatologists
#14
Jack Kingdon, Joseph Roscamp, Shirish Sangle, David D'Cruz
Relapsing polychondritis (RPC) is a rare autoimmune rheumatic disorder that is traditionally classified as a systemic vasculitis. It is characterized by inflammation of cartilage, and typical presenting features include chondritis of the nasal bridge, auricular chondritis, ocular inflammation and involvement of the bronchial tree. Its rarity often leads to considerable delay in establishing a diagnosis and poses a significant management challenge to clinicians, as no conventional guidelines exist. This review summarizes the clinical features of RPC and provides guidance for rheumatologists on making the diagnosis and assessing organ involvement...
November 6, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125215/additive-manufacturing-a-comparative-analysis-of-dimensional-accuracy-and-skin-texture-reproduction-of-auricular-prostheses-replicas
#15
Alexey Unkovskiy, Sebastian Spintzyk, Detlef Axmann, Eva-Maria Engel, Heiner Weber, Fabian Huettig
PURPOSE: The use of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and additive manufacturing in maxillofacial prosthetics has been widely acknowledged. Rapid prototyping can be considered for manufacturing of auricular prostheses. Therefore, so-called prostheses replicas can be fabricated by digital means. The objective of this study was to identify a superior additive manufacturing method to fabricate auricular prosthesis replicas (APRs) within a digital workflow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Auricles of 23 healthy subjects (mean age of 37...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122559/constant-hepatic-atp-concentrations-during-prolonged-fasting-and-absence-of-effects-of-cerbomed-nemos-%C3%A2-on-parasympathetic-tone-and-hepatic-energy-metabolism
#16
Sofiya Gancheva, Alessandra Bierwagen, Daniel F Markgraf, Gidon J Bönhof, Kevin G Murphy, Erifili Hatziagelaki, Jesper Lundbom, Dan Ziegler, Michael Roden
OBJECTIVE: Brain insulin-induced improvement in glucose homeostasis has been proposed to be mediated by the parasympathetic nervous system. Non-invasive transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) activating afferent branches of the vagus nerve may prevent hyperglycemia in diabetes models. We examined the effects of 14-min taVNS vs sham stimulation by Cerbomed Nemos(®) on glucose metabolism, lipids, and hepatic energy homeostasis in fasted healthy humans (n = 10, age 51 ± 6 yrs, BMI 25...
October 25, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122257/auricular-therapy-for-lactation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Melissa Li-Sha Chen, Jing-Yu Tan, Lorna Kwai-Ping Suen
BACKGROUND: Support for breastfeeding has been a matter of considerable interest in healthcare. In the field of traditional and complementary medicine, the effectiveness of auricular therapy on lactation has been investigated by several clinical studies. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This review was mainly performed to assess the current evidence of auricular therapy on lactation. The objectives were to assess the current evidence of AT for lactation, examine the intervention protocols and outcome measures adopted by the studies included, and inform clinical application and future research in this area...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098252/-comparative-study-of-functional-neck-dissection-and-radical-neck-dissection-for-early-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Shao-Ming Li, Ling Gao, Wen-Hao Ren, Ke-Qian Zhi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effects of functional neck dissection(FND) and radical neck dissection(RND) on early oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: A total of 63 OSCC patients were divides into 2 groups. Patients in FND group (n=30) underwent functional neck dissection with preservation of sternocleidomastoid muscle, accessory nerve, internal jugular vein and great auricular nerve, while patients in RND group (n=33) underwent radical neck dissection...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090195/histological-physical-studies-after-xenograft-of-porcine-ear-cartilage
#19
Yong Ah Ryu, Meiying Jin, Nakheon Kang
BACKGROUND: Because of the relatively similar size of organs to human and the physiological and structural similarities, the use of porcine as xenograft donors is progressing very actively. In this study, we analyzed the characteristics of porcine ear cartilage and evaluated its suitability as graft material in reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. METHODS: The auricular cartilage was harvested from two pigs, and subjected to histological examination by immunohistochemical staining...
September 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083048/complete-excision-of-proliferating-core-in-auricular-keloids-significantly-reduces-local-recurrence-a-prospective-study
#20
Yosep Chong, Chan Woo Kim, Yong Sung Kim, Choong Hyun Chang, Tae Hwan Park
Keloids are mysterious soft-tissue tumors that are characterized by excessive reparative processes composed of collagen-forming fibroblasts and inflammatory cells. Generally, complete tumor excision regardless of sufficient margin is considered as a first-line treatment because they are considered reactive rather than a neoplastic condition. Recently, a specific part of the keloids is being highlighted as an important microstructure for local recurrence, but there has been very little evidence. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the relationship of recurrence and several clinicopathological parameters with specific focus on surgical resection margin...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
keyword
keyword
26492
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"