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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792837/total-avulsed-ear-management-with-radial-forearm-free-flap
#1
Uzair Luqman, Zahid Qayyum, Zahid Furqan, Kaleem Ullah
Avulsive injuries to the ear are extremely challenging to treat. The literature documents numerous ways to manage such injuries. This report describes a case of total auricular cartilaginous avulsion that occurred during a motor vehicle accident. The avulsed segment had an ischemia time longer than 8 hours by the time of presentation at the authors' tertiary care facility. The avulsed segment was de-epithelialized and embedded into the volar forearm. After a healing period of 6 months, a radial forearm free flap was harvested and the ear was reconstructed...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782308/activation-of-herpes-simplex-infection-after-tattoo
#2
Antigona Begolli Gerqari, Mybera Ferizi, Merita Kotori, Aferdita Daka, Syzana Hapciu, Ilir Begolli, Mirije Begolli, Idriz Gerqari
Tattooing is a procedure where ink is applied to an area of the skin, mostly intraepidermally (1). This procedure is carried out mainly for aesthetic purposes. Lately, it has been used as a corrective medical procedure following amputation of mammilla. The procedure is aggressive (2), and the fact that skin is punctured many times with the same needle which cannot be fully sterilized may cause infection of the treated area with bacterial, fungal, or viral agents that may lead to health consequences manifesting in the form of verrucae vulgaris, molluscum contagiosum, and herpes simplex...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766656/microencapsulated-rabbit-adipose-stem-cells-initiate-tissue-regeneration-in-a-rabbit-ear-defect-model
#3
Shirae K Leslie, David J Cohen, Sharon L Hyzy, Christopher R Dosier, Anthony Nicolini, Janina Sedlaczek, Zvi Schwartz, Barbara D Boyan
Cell-based tissue engineering can promote cartilage tissue regeneration, but cell retention in the implant site post-delivery is problematic. Alginate microbeads containing adipose stem cells (ASCs) pretreated with chondrogenic media (CM) have been used successfully to regenerate hyaline cartilage in critical size defects in rat xiphoid suggesting that they may be used to treat defects in elastic cartilages like the ear. To test this, we used microbeads made with low viscosity, high mannuronate medical grade alginate using a high electrostatic potential and a calcium cross linking solution containing glucose...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764544/-effects-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-toll-like-receptor-4-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-targeted-pathway-on-hyperglycemia-induced-myocardium-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress
#4
Changle Liu, Ruimeng Liu, Xiaohan Wu, Peize Tan, Huaying Fu, Xinghua Wang, Tong Liu, Guangping Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential effects and mechanism on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-toll-like receptor 4-tumor necrosis factor-α (PPARγ-TLR4-TNF-α) targeted pathway on hyperglycemia induced myocardium inflammation and oxidative stress. METHODS: Thirty-two Japanese healthy adult rabbits were randomly divided into four groups with 8 rabbits in each group: normal control group (NC group), diabetes mellitus group (DM group), diabetes mellitus + pioglitazone 4 mg×kg-1 ×d-1 and 8 mg×kg-1 ×d-1 groups (DM+PGZ 4 mg and 8 mg groups)...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764543/-experimental-research-on-individual-specific-rapid-potassium-supplementation-strategy-for-fatal-severe-hypokalemia
#5
Yu Du, Yi Mou, Jin Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness and safety of the individual-specific rapid potassium supplementation strategy, and to provide experimental basis for treating fatal severe hypokalemia. METHODS: An acute fatal severe hypokalemia model was reproduced in 20 healthy adult Japanese big ear white rabbits with half lethal dose (LD50) of barium chloride (BaCl2 ) solution 168 mg×5 mL-1 ×kg-1 . The rabbits were divided into conventional potassium supplementation group and individual-specific rapid potassium supplementation group according to random number table method with 10 rabbits in each group...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757068/physiotherapy-interventions-for-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Pedro Fuentes-Márquez, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Marie Carmen Valenza
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the available scientific evidence on physiotherapy interventions in the management of chronic pelvic pain (CPP). DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials was performed. An electronic search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases was performed to identify relevant randomized trials from 2010-2016. STUDY SELECTION: Manuscripts were included if at least one of the comparison groups received a physiotherapy intervention...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757045/combination-therapy-for-bulky-auricular-keloids-a-clinical-experience
#7
Yanqing Yang, Changyan Jiang, Qijun Xu
Auricular keloids are common following ear piercing, infection, trauma, burns, or spontaneously, and they are highly resistant for treatment and are followed by severe cosmetic problems, especially for patients with bulky auricular keloids. The risk of recurrence and the need to return to the normal anatomy of external ear following resection is a challenge to the plastic surgeon. The authors present their experience of treating bulky auricular keloids with surgical excision, followed by immediate postoperative radiotherapy and intralesional steroid injection...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753704/effect-of-the-auricular-accupoint-associated-to-physical-exercise-in-elderly-people-a-randomized-clinical-test
#8
Rogéria Gonçalves de Carvalho Fonseca, Andreia Maria Silva, Luiza Faria Teixeira, Valéria Regina Silva, Luciana Maria Dos Reis, Adriana Teresa Silva Santos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of auricular acupoint associated with physical exercise on balance, mobility and fear of falling in the elderly. METHOD: The study is characterized as a clinical, controlled and randomized trial with 22 elderly sampled divided into two groups: kinesiotherapy group (KG, n = 11) and kinesiotherapy/auriculotherapy group (AKG, n = 11). The instruments used for evaluation were Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I); Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Timed up and Go Test (TUG)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752186/midterm-and-long-term-results-of-ethanol-embolization-of-auricular-arteriovenous-malformations-as-first-line-therapy
#9
Chen Hua, Yunbo Jin, Xi Yang, Yun Zou, Tianyou Wang, Hao Gu, Congzhen Qiao, Zimin Zhang, Xiaoxi Lin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the midterm and long-term results of patients with auricular arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by ethanol embolization. METHODS: Medical records of 35 patients (20 male, 15 female; age range, 10-59 years) with auricular AVMs between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed. The short-term results of 4 of the 35 patients were reported in 2009. They were included in this study with updated follow-up data. The data from the 31 new included patients have not been reported previously...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751190/preoperative-embolization-of-skull-base-meningiomas-outcomes-in-the-onyx-era
#10
Colin J Przybylowski, Jacob F Baranoski, Alfred P See, Bruno C Flores, Rami O Almefty, Dale Ding, Kristina M Chapple, Nader Sanai, Andrew F Ducruet, Felipe C Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative embolization may facilitate skull base meningioma resection, but its safety and efficacy in the Onyx era have not been investigated. In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the outcomes of preoperative embolization of skull base meningiomas using Onyx as the primary embolysate. METHODS: We queried an endovascular database for patients with skull base meningiomas who underwent preoperative embolization at our institution in 2007-2017...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743810/auricular-cartilage-regeneration-with-adipose-derived-stem-cells-in-rabbits
#11
Se-Joon Oh, Hee-Young Park, Kyung-Un Choi, Sung-Won Choi, Sung-Dong Kim, Soo-Keun Kong, Kyu-Sup Cho
Tissue engineering cell-based therapy using induced pluripotent stem cells and adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may be promising tools for therapeutic applications in tissue engineering because of their abundance, relatively easy harvesting, and high proliferation potential. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ASCs can promote the auricular cartilage regeneration in the rabbit. In order to assess their differentiation ability, ASCs were injected into the midportion of a surgically created auricular cartilage defect in the rabbit...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741741/microsurgical-resection-of-glomus-jugulare-tumors-with-facial-nerve-reconstruction-3-dimensional-operative-video
#12
Duarte N C Cândido, Jean Gonçalves de Oliveira, Luis A B Borba
Paragangliomas are tumors originating from the paraganglionic system (autonomic nervous system), mostly found at the region around the jugular bulb, for which reason they are also termed glomus jugulare tumors (GJT). Although these lesions appear to be histologically benign, clinically they present with great morbidity, especially due to invasion of nearby structures such as the lower cranial nerves. These are challenging tumors, as they need complex approaches and great knowledge of the skull base. We present the case of a 31-year-old woman, operated by the senior author, with a 1-year history of tinnitus, vertigo, and progressive hearing loss, that evolved with facial nerve palsy (House-Brackmann IV) 2 months before surgery...
May 8, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740266/improvement-of-olfactory-function-with-high-frequency-non-invasive-auricular-electrostimulation-in-healthy-humans
#13
Ashim Maharjan, Eunice Wang, Mei Peng, Yusuf O Cakmak
In past literature on animal models, invasive vagal nerve stimulation using high frequencies has shown to be effective at modulating the activity of the olfactory bulb (OB). Recent advances in invasive vagal nerve stimulation in humans, despite previous findings in animal models, used low frequency stimulation and found no effect on the olfactory functioning. The present article aimed to test potential effects of non-invasive, high and low frequency vagal nerve stimulation in humans, with supplementary exploration of the orbitofrontal cortex using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737523/effects-of-osteoarthritis-on-age-at-death-estimates-from-the-human-pelvis
#14
Stephanie E Calce, Helen K Kurki, Darlene A Weston, Lisa Gould
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the degree of error in age-at-death estimates when osteoarthritis (OA) is present in three separate pelvic joint areas: (1) the pubic symphysis, (2) the auricular surface, and (3) the acetabulum from a modern known-age European cemetery sample of adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Age-at-death ranged from 17 to 79 years (x̄ =50.9 years; n = 252). OA in the pelvic joints was evaluated using standard ranked categorical scoring. Composite OA scores were derived through principal component analysis...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731594/reconstruction-of-an-anterior-auricular-defect-through-a-tunnelized-preauricular-transposition-flap
#15
Ana Marcos-Pinto, Ana Ortins-Pina, Maria Sanches, João Maia-Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721027/acupuncture-for-acne-vulgaris-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Suzi S Y Mansu, Haiying Liang, Shefton Parker, Meaghan E Coyle, Kaiyi Wang, Anthony L Zhang, Xinfeng Guo, Chuanjian Lu, Charlie C L Xue
Purpose: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the current best available evidence of the efficacy and safety of acupuncture and related therapies for acne vulgaris. Methods: Eleven English and Chinese databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acne vulgaris compared to pharmacotherapies, no treatment, and sham or placebo acupuncture. Methodological quality was assessed using Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716843/short-trains-of-transcutaneous-auricular-vagus-nerve-stimulation-tavns-have-parameter-specific-effects-on-heart-rate
#17
Bashar W Badran, Oliver J Mithoefer, Caroline E Summer, Nicholas T LaBate, Chloe E Glusman, Alan W Badran, William H DeVries, Philipp M Summers, Christopher W Austelle, Lisa M McTeague, Jeffrey J Borckardt, Mark S George
BACKGROUND: Optimal parameters of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) are still undetermined. Given the vagus nerve's role in regulating heart rate (HR), it is important to determine safety and HR effects of various taVNS parameters. OBJECTIVE: We conducted two sequential trials to systematically test the effects of various taVNS parameters on HR. METHODS: 15 healthy individuals participated in the initial two-visit, crossover exploratory trial, receiving either tragus (active) or earlobe (control) stimulation each visit...
April 6, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705469/auricular-acupressure-is-an-alternative-in-treating-constipation-in-leukemia-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Xueming Jing, Jiao Liu, Chuanlin Wang, Ming Ji, Xing Chen, Yihan Mei, Qi Rong Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Auricular acupressure (AA) therapy has been widely used in Eastern Asia and Europe to prevent constipation in leukemia patients undergoing chemotherapy. The aim of this systematic review was to review data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of auricular acupressure therapy for preventing constipation in leukemia patients undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: Databases that were searched from their inception until August 2017 included: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, as well as four Chinese databases [Chinese BioMedical Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan-Fang Data, and the Chinese WeiPu Database]...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705429/technical-note-evaluation-of-a-wireless-pulse-oximeter-for-measuring-arterial-oxygen-saturation-and-pulse-rate-in-newborn-holstein-friesian-calves
#19
P Kanz, S Krieger, M Drillich, M Iwersen
Pulse oximetry is a well-established technique in human and veterinary medicine. In farm animals, it could also be a useful tool for the detection of critical conditions relating to oxygen supply and the cardiovascular system. Among other uses, an innovative application could be the monitoring of fetuses during birth. This could help in the early identification of critical situations and support farmers and veterinarians in their decision to start obstetric or life-support interventions. Until now, however, its use in ruminant medicine was still limited to experimental applications...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697648/-the-interdisciplinary-approach-to-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-congenital-atresia-of-the-external-auditory-canal-and-the-concomitant-microtia
#20
Kh M Diab, D N Nazaryan, N A Daikhes, A E Kharazyan, D S Kondratchikov, S V Yarantsev, O A Pashchinina, M M Cherninkiy
The objective of the present study was to develop and introduce into the clinical practice the method for the combined aesthetic and functional rehabilitation of the patients presenting with congenital atresia of the external auditory canal (CAEAC) and the concomitant microtia. A total of 8 patients at the age from 6 to 21 years with unilateral CAEAC and microtia were given the surgical treatment. During the intervention, atresia was resolved using the trans-mastoid approach, tympanoplasty of autofasciae and ossiculoplasty making use of the partial titanium prosthesis and the placement of cranial osteointegratable titanium implants...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
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