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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319601/effectiveness-of-double-balloon-enteroscopy-facilitated-polypectomy-in-paediatric-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#1
Dalia Belsha, Arun Urs, Thomas Attard, Mike Thomson
BACKGROUND: Sizable small-bowel (SB) polyps in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) pose a high risk for intussusception, often necessitating laparotomy and intraoperative-enteroscopy (IOE). This series examines the effectiveness of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) facilitated polypectomy for pediatric patients with PJS. METHODS: Prospective analysis of collected data (6 years) on all patients with PJS referred for DBE-facilitated SB polypectomy at a pediatric tertiary-referral center...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319551/a-contemporary-medicolegal-analysis-of-implanted-devices-for-chronic-pain-management
#2
Christopher R Abrecht, Penny Greenberg, Ellen Song, Richard D Urman, James P Rathmell
BACKGROUND: Analysis of closed malpractice claims allows the study of rare but serious complications and likely results in improved patient safety by raising awareness of such complications. Clinical studies and closed claims analyses have previously reported on the common complications associated with intrathecal drug delivery systems (IDDS) and spinal cord stimulators (SCS). This study provides a contemporary analysis of claims from within the past 10 years. METHODS: We performed a closed claims analysis for a period January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2013 for cases with pain medicine as the primary service...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319427/new-horizons-in-the-imaging-of-perianal-crohn-s-disease-transperineal-ultrasonography
#3
Cristina Bezzio, Robert V Bryant, Gianpiero Manes, Giovanni Maconi, Simone Saibeni
Perianal disease, most commonly manifest as fistula or abscess formation, affects up to 40% of patients with Crohn's disease. Perianal Crohn's disease is disabling, associated with poor outcomes, and represents a therapeutic challenge for physicians. Correct diagnosis and classification of perianal disease is the first crucial step for appropriate multidisciplinary management. Areas covered: A literature search was performed of the PubMed database using the terms "transperineal ultrasonography", "transperineal ultrasound", "perianal disease", "perianal fistula", "perianal abscess", "magnetic resonance", "endoanal ultrasonography", "endoscopic ultrasound" in combination with "Crohn's disease"...
March 20, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319272/gluteal-abscess-and-fistula-after-release-of-sacrospinous-fixation-sutures
#4
Simone Salimans, Leonie Speksnijder, Louwerens Vos, Mariska Shekary-Moonen, Jeroen van Bavel
Gluteal abscesses and fistula are rare complications after release of sacrospinous fixation sutures. The entire suture should be removed to prevent complications. Sacrospinous fixation (SSF) is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of uterovaginal prolapse. The present report describes an abnormal complication of a gluteal abscess and fistula after release of SSF sutures. The patient provided written informed consent. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318008/meta-analysis-of-prophylactic-abdominal-drainage-in-pancreatic-surgery
#5
REVIEW
F J Hüttner, P Probst, P Knebel, O Strobel, T Hackert, A Ulrich, M W Büchler, M K Diener
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal drains are frequently used after pancreatic surgery whereas their benefit in other gastrointestinal operations has been questioned. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare abdominal drainage with no drainage after pancreatic surgery. METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science electronic databases were searched systematically to identify RCTs comparing abdominal drainage with no drainage after pancreatic surgery...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317637/pyogenic-liver-abscess-due-to-fusobacterium-nucleatum-in-a-patient-with-liver-hemangiomas
#6
Theodoros Karantanos, Styliani Karanika, Kenechukwu Obiokoye, Meg Sullivan, Christine Phillips, Sonia Ananthakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317564/odontogenic-infections
#7
REVIEW
Orrett E Ogle
The pathogenesis of odontogenic infection is polymicrobial, consisting of various facultative and strict anaerobes. The dominant isolates are strictly anaerobic gram-negative rods and gram-positive cocci. The periapical infection is the most common form of odontogenic infection. Although odontogenic infections are usually confined to the alveolar ridge vicinity, they can spread into deep fascial spaces. Cavernous sinus thrombosis, brain abscess, airway obstruction, and mediastinitis are possible complications of dental infections...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317561/introduction-to-clinical-microbiology-for-the-general-dentist
#8
REVIEW
Thomas E Rams, Arie J van Winkelhoff
Clinical oral microbiology may help dental professionals identify infecting pathogenic species and evaluate their in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility. Saliva, dental plaque biofilms, mucosal smears, abscess aspirates, and soft tissue biopsies are sources of microorganisms for laboratory testing. Microbial-based treatment end points may help clinicians better identify patients in need of additional or altered dental therapies before the onset of clinical treatment failure, and help improve patient oral health outcomes...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315148/a-case-of-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-an-isolated-abscess-in-the-ascending-aorta-of-a-pregnant-woman-with-a-history-of-intravenous-substance-abuse
#9
Brandy Shattuck, John Livingstone
We describe the case of a 23-year-old white female, 10-12 weeks pregnant, with a history of intravenous drug use and a recently diagnosed pneumonia, who was found deceased in her bed after a night of sleep. Although postmortem serum toxicology tested positive for alprazolam, tetrahydrocannabinol, and morphine, the ultimate cause of death was determined to be cardiac tamponade secondary to an isolated abscess in the ascending aorta. The patient had several risk factors for aortic rupture and cardiac tamponade including intravenous drug use, pneumonia, and pregnancy...
March 17, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315045/late-onset-chest-wall-abscess-due-to-a-biodegradable-rib-pin-infection-after-lung-transplantation
#10
Yasufumi Goda, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Masaaki Kusunose, Masatsugu Hamaji, Hideki Motoyama, Kyoko Hijiya, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date
A 55-year-old man with end-stage emphysema underwent a right single-lung transplantation through a posterolateral thoracotomy. The fifth rib was divided and fused back using a biodegradable pin made of polylactide acid and hydroxyapatite. Two weeks postoperatively, he suffered from central vein catheter-related sepsis due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. After being successfully treated for sepsis, he was discharged. However, 3 months later, computed tomography revealed multiple loculated abscesses in the chest wall and the right pleural space...
March 17, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314902/potential-factors-enabling-human-body-colonization-by-animal-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subsp-equisimilis-strains
#11
Marcin Ciszewski, Eligia M Szewczyk
Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) is a pyogenic, Lancefield C or G streptococcal pathogen. Until recently, it has been considered as an exclusive animal pathogen. Nowadays, it is responsible for both animal infections in wild animals, pets, and livestock and human infections often clinically similar to the ones caused by group A streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes). The risk of zoonotic infection is the most significant in people having regular contact with animals, such as veterinarians, cattlemen, and farmers...
March 18, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314224/image-guided-system-endoscopic-drainage-of-orbital-abscess-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-infant
#12
Tan Chai-Lee, Sanjeevan Nadarajah, Baharudin Abdullah, Irfan Mohamad, Thevagi Maruthamuthu, Chandran Nadarajan, Talib Norain, Ismail Shatriah
INTRODUCTION: The management of orbital abscesses in neonates and infants is very challenging. Surgical drainage of the abscess is aimed at removing the pus and preventing blindness. We describe a case of orbital abscess in an infant that was caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and that was successfully drained with image-guided endoscopic surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 39-day-old infant presented with progressive right maxillary swelling complicated by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus orbital abscess...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314138/depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-individuals-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Shruti Chaturvedi, Marianne Clancy, Nicole Schaefer, Olalekan Oluwole, Keith R McCrae
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is characterized by frequent severe bleeding, particularly epistaxis, and life-threatening complications including stroke, brain abscess and heart failure. The psychological impact of HHT is not known. We conducted this cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to HHT. METHODS: A survey tool comprising demographic and clinical information and two validated self-administered questionnaires, the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), was distributed to individuals with HHT...
March 9, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306630/nonoperative-management-of-appendicitis-in-children
#14
Joseph J López, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to summarize the recent literature investigating nonoperative management of uncomplicated and complicated appendicitis and highlight recent data establishing its safety and efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies and clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of nonoperative treatment of both uncomplicated and complicated appendicitis, defined as perforated appendicitis with or without formed abscess or phlegmon...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303354/odontogenic-orbital-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Pasquale Procacci, Alessandro Zangani, Alberto Rossetto, Alessandro Rizzini, Giovanni Zanette, Massimo Albanese
Odontogenic orbital abscess is a rare but well-documented complication of sinusitis and infections spreading from dental apical lesion. We report a case of orbital abscess with periorbital cellulitis, in a 35-year-old man with positive recent dental history of a periapical dental infection arising from the second upper left premolar spread into maxillary sinus. The patient has shown facial edema, ocular pain, ophthalmoplegia, proptosis, and initial visual symptoms. A surgical intervention to drain the abscess and a revision of the dental lesion and maxillary sinus were required...
March 16, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302449/is-laparoscopic-appendectomy-feasible-for-complicated-appendicitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Man-Cheng Yu, Yao-Jun Feng, Wei Wang, Wei Fan, Hong-Tao Cheng, Juan Xu
BACKGROUND: laparoscopic appendectomy(LA) has proved to be a safe alternative to open appendectomy(OA) in uncomplicated appendicitis; however, the feasibility of LA for complicated appendicitis(CA) has not been conclusively determined. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and safety of LA for CA through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and web of Science was performed for eligible studies published from the inception of the databases to January 2016...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302173/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-from-chronic-sacrococcygeal-pilonidal-disease-a-case-report
#17
Nick Michalopoulos, Konstantinos Sapalidis, Styliani Laskou, Evangelia Triantafyllou, Georgia Raptou, Isaak Kesisoglou
BACKGROUND: Sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease is a chronic, well-recognized entity, characterized by the recurrent formation of an abscess or draining sinus over the sacrococcygeal area. It is one of the most common surgical problems. Rarely, chronic inflammation and recurrent disease leads to malignant transformation, most commonly to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an extremely unusual case of SCC developing in a 60-year-old patient with a chronic pilonidal sinus complicated by an anal fistula...
March 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301883/-the-vulnerable-heel-of-achilles-intratendinous-abscess-following-a-cat-bite
#18
David Merschin, Axel Ekkernkamp, Julia Seifert
An 83-year-old patient suffered a cat bite dorsally to the Achilles tendon. In the further course, he developed an isolated intratendinous abscess of the Achilles tendon, which was surgically revised twice and subsequently healed with antibiotic treatment. In Germany, about 40,000 bite injuries of different origins occur annually. Most of these injuries are cat or dog bites, while human bites are rare. Although the course is often complicated, there are no standard recommendations for treatment. An intratendinous abscess after animal bite injury has not been described in the literature as yet...
March 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301212/the-use-of-latex-catheters-to-close-enterocutaneous-fistulas-an-institutional-protocol-and-retrospective-review
#19
Shamar Young, Donna D'Souza, David Hunter, Jafar Golzarian, Michael Rosenberg
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively review an institutional protocol that uses latex catheters for the treatment of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) that are resistant to simple drainage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six consecutive patients with ECFs that did not close with simple abscess drainage were treated with latex catheters. These patients' charts were retrospectively reviewed to determine treatment success rates and the relationship of treatment success to clinical characteristics...
March 16, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300645/boar-hunting-and-brucellosis-caused-by-brucella-suis
#20
REVIEW
Carlos Franco-Paredes, Daniel Chastain, Peter Taylor, Stephen Stocking, Brenda Sellers
Brucellosis remains as a significant public health concern in many areas where the infection persists in domestic hosts (i.e. goats, cattle, and domestic swine) with subsequent risk of transmission to human populations. Brucellosis caused by B. suis remains an important threat to human populations in many countries exposed to domestic and feral swine. In the U.S., swine brucellosis has been under control for many years. Meanwhile, it is a widespread infection among feral swine, particularly in the Southeastern United States; and exposure to infected animals pose a growing threat to humans...
March 12, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
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