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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426463/treatments-for-achalasia-in-2017-how-to-choose-among-them
#1
Peter J Kahrilas, John E Pandolfino
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent advances in achalasia diagnostics and therapeutics. RECENT FINDINGS: The cardinal feature of achalasia, impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation, can occur in association with varied patterns of esophageal contractility. The Chicago Classification distinguishes among these as follows: without contractility (type I), with panesophageal pressurization (type II), with premature (spastic) distal esophageal contractions (type III), or even with preserved peristalsis [esophagogastric junction (EGJ) outlet obstruction]...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419450/acquired-blue-sclerae-in-poems-syndrome
#2
Wasithep Limvorapitak, Diego Villa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405536/an-unfortunate-polyneuropathy-organomegaly-endocrinopathy-monoclonal-gammopathy-and-skin-change-poems
#3
Faraz Afridi, Jorge Otoya, Samantha F Bunting, Gerard Chaaya
POEMS syndrome is an acronym for polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes, which is a rare paraneoplastic disease of monoclonal plasma cells. A mandatory criterion to diagnose POEMS syndrome is the presence of a monoclonal plasma cell dyscrasia in which plasma cell leukemia is the most aggressive form. Early identification of the features of the POEMS syndrome is critical for patients to identify an underlying plasma cell dyscrasias and to reduce the morbidity and mortality of the disease by providing early therapy...
March 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397326/diagnosis-and-management-of-neuropathies-associated-with-plasma-cell-dyscrasias
#4
REVIEW
Evan Rosenbaum, Douglas Marks, Shahzad Raza
Neuropathies associated with plasma cell dyscrasias are a major cause of morbidity for patients managed by medical oncologists. Because of similarities in clinical presentation and on nerve conduction studies, identifying the underlying disease leading to a paraproteinemic neuropathy can often be difficult. In addition, the degree of neurologic deficit does not strictly correlate with the extent of abnormalities on common clinical laboratory testing. Fortunately, with increasing understanding into the biologic mechanisms of underlying hematologic diseases, additional biomarkers have recently been developed, thus improving our diagnostic capacity...
April 10, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392663/glomeruloid-hemangioma-as-a-marker-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-poems-syndrome
#5
Jin Yong Lee, Jae Kyun Choi, Jae Won Ha, So Eun Park, Chul Woo Kim, Sang Seok Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343327/osteolytic-variant-poems-syndrome-an-uncommon-presentation-of-osteosclerotic-myeloma
#6
Michael S Clark, Benjamin M Howe, Katrina N Glazebrook, Michelle L Mauermann, Stephen M Broski
Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome, a form of osteosclerotic myeloma, is a multisystem disease related to a monoclonal plasma cell proliferative disorder. Osseous lesions are most commonly sclerotic on radiographs and computed tomography (CT), demonstrate low T1 and T2 signal intensity on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and have variable degrees of avidity on positon emission tomography (PET) imaging using 18-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG). We present three cases of POEMS syndrome manifesting as osteolytic lesions with indolent features, including well-defined thin sclerotic rims, no cortical disruption or periosteal reaction, no associated soft-tissue mass, and a periarticular location, all features that could lead to misinterpretation as benign bone lesions...
March 25, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299525/poems-syndrome-an-enigma
#7
REVIEW
Rahma Warsame, Uday Yanamandra, Prashant Kapoor
POEMS syndrome is a paraneoplastic disorder secondary to an underlying plasma cell dyscrasia. By definition, all patients with POEMS syndrome must display polyneuropathy and monoclonal plasma cell disorder. In addition, at least one major criterion (Castleman's disease, sclerotic bone lesions, or vascular endothelial growth factor elevation) and one minor criterion (organomegaly, extravascular volume overload, endocrinopathy, skin changes, papilledema, thrombocytosis, or polycythemia) are required for diagnosis...
March 15, 2017: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291506/immunotactoid-glomerulopathy-leading-to-the-discovery-of-poems-syndrome%C3%A2
#8
Carole Philipponnet, Jean-Louis Kemeny, Cyril Garrouste, Martin Soubrier, Anne-Elisabeth Heng
Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) can manifest in many different ways depending on the nature of the immunoglobulin and its physicochemical properties. MGRS can lead to the discovery of a hematological malignancy. We report the case of a 32-year-old female patient who underwent renal biopsy on account of an impure nephrotic syndrome associated with immunoglobulin (Ig)G κ monoclonal gammopathy. Histological analysis revealed membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis with IgG, IgM, κ, λ, and C3 deposits...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247959/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-chronic-dysimmune-peripheral-neuropathies-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#9
Philippe Codron, Maud Cousin, Jean-François Subra, Vivien Pautot, Franck Letournel, Christophe Verny, Julien Cassereau
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) can be proposed in the treatment of chronic dysimmune peripheral neuropathies (CDPN). Actual guidelines are however based on few studies, and indications and protocols still remain to be clarified. We conducted a 10-year retrospective study in order to assess the effectiveness and tolerance of TPE in CDPN. METHODS: All patients treated for CDPN with TPE from October 2006 to March 2016 in the university hospital of Angers were included...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247771/poems-syndrome-and-idiopathic-portal-hypertension-a-possible-association
#10
Sara Campos, Cláudia Agostinho, Maria Augusta Cipriano
A 48-year old female patient was admitted to the emergency department with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy showed large esophageal varices that were treated with band ligation. She had been treated with cyclophosphamide, melphalan, lenalidomide and corticosteroids for POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy or edema, M protein, skin changes). She had no other risk factors for chronic liver disease. Laboratory and radiological examinations could not confirm the etiology of portal hypertension...
March 1, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243170/elbow-ulnar-neuropathy-treatment-by-anterior-transposition-of-the-ulnar-nerve
#11
Antonio Tufi Neder, Regina de Azevedo Alves, Arlindo Gomes Pardini, Marcelo Riberto, Milton Mazer
OBJECTIVES: Retrospective clinical evaluation of 31 patients who underwent ulnar nerve decompression at the elbow and subcutaneous anterior transposition. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2013, 71 patients underwent subcutaneous anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve. Thirty-one patients returned for evaluation. The mean follow-up period was 60 months. Patients were evaluated for the degree of satisfaction after surgery, paresthesia, pain, Tinel sign, Froment test and sensitivity test by esthesiometer, muscle strength of the intrinsic muscles and deep flexor of the fifth digit, visual analogic pain scale (VAS) and were subjected to the QuickDash questionnaire...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223738/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-treatment-of-guillain-barre-syndrome-associated-achalasia-a-rare-case
#12
Seung Kak Shin, Kyoung Oh Kim, Eui Joo Kim, Su Young Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Yoon Jae Kim, Jun-Won Chung, Kwang An Kwon, Dong Kyun Park
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS)-associated achalasia is a very rare disease of uncertain cause. We report the case of a patient diagnosed with GBS-associated type I achalasia who was successfully treated with peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). A 30-year-old man who was diagnosed with GBS 3 mo before was referred to our department with dysphagia and meal-related regurgitation. The results of esophagography, endoscopy, and high-resolution manometry (HRM) revealed type I achalasia. POEM that utilized a submucosal tunneling technique was performed to treat the GBS-associated type I achalasia...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196699/-sarcoidosis-flare-after-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-an-immune-paradox
#13
A Marchal, F Charlotte, P Maksud, J Haroche, F Lifferman, M Miyara, S Choquet, Z Amoura, F Cohen Aubart
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown cause. Apparition or flare of previously diagnosed sarcoidosis following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has rarely been reported. OBSERVATION: We report a 62-year-old woman who presented a radiological flare of sarcoidosis post-autologous stem cell transplantation for a POEMS syndrome. Imaging findings and lymph node histology, which revealed non-caseating granuloma, were consistent with the sarcoidosis diagnosis...
February 10, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133484/polyneuropathy-as-novel-initial-manifestation-in-a-case-of-nonsecretory-poems-syndrome-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#14
Minrui Liang, Zhixing Jiang, Zhiguang Lin, Bobin Chen, Hejian Zou, Weiguo Wan, Jun Liu
POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes) is a paraneoplastic syndrome driven by plasma cell dyscrasias. We report a patient with novel initial manifestation of polyneuropathy, which was considered due to Sjögren's syndrome but with poor response to methylprednisolone (120 mg/d) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). Further investigation by imaging tests and following biopsy eventually confirmed the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome secondary to solitary plasmocytoma...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100909/impact-of-pretransplant-induction-therapy-on-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-poems-syndrome
#15
J Li, M-H Duan, C Wang, X-F Huang, W Zhang, X-X Cao, T-N Zhu, J-L Zhuang, B Han, H Cai, H-C Cai, D-B Zhou
POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes) is a rare plasma cell dyscrasia sometimes treated with a haematopoietic cell autotransplant. We analyzed data from 138 subjects with newly diagnosed POEMS syndrome receiving a autotransplant at our center. Thirty-two subjects with severe end-organ dysfunction ineligible for immediate autotransplant received pretransplant therapy, which made a subsequent autotransplant feasible. Pretransplant therapy resulted in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) remissions in 15 (47%)...
February 14, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031090/treatment-of-breast-cancer-accompanied-by-poems-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Jian-Yu Dong, Yan Yan, Min-Feng Liu, Zhao-Ze Guo, Jing-Yun Guo, Chang-Sheng Ye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003622/cranial-pachymeningeal-involvement-in-poems-syndrome-evaluation-by-pre-and-post-contrast-flair-and-t1-weighted-imaging
#17
Fumiaki Ueda, Miho Okuda, Hiroyuki Aburano, Yuichi Yoshie, Osamu Matsui, Toshifumi Gabata
PURPOSE: To evaluate the cranial pachymeningeal involvement of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, skin changes (POEMS) syndrome using pre- and post-contrast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T1-weighted imaging (T1WI). METHODS: The appearance of pachymeningeal involvement in nine cases of POEMS syndrome was evaluated using pre- and post-contrast FLAIR and T1WI. The degree of pachymeningeal thickening was graded as normal or abnormal using pre-contrast FLAIR...
December 22, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998645/thrombotic-microangiopathy-associated-with-monoclonal-gammopathy
#18
Aishwarya Ravindran, Ronald S Go, Fernando C Fervenza, Sanjeev Sethi
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a rare disease comprising of a diverse set of disorders linked by a common histologic finding of endothelial injury. Monoclonal immunoglobulins may act as a potential trigger in the pathogenesis of TMA. To determine the prevalence of monoclonal gammopathy and clinicopathological features of TMA associated with monoclonal immunoglobulin, we performed a retrospective study in adults (18 and older) with a clinical diagnosis of TMA. Of 146 patients with TMA, we detected monoclonal immunoglobulin in 20 patients (13...
March 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930460/ocular-manifestations-and-treatment-outcomes-in-chinese-patients-with-poems-syndrome
#19
Xiao Zhang, Qian-Qian Cai, Xu-Fei Huang, Xin-Xin Cao, Hao Cai, Dao-Bin Zhou, Rong-Ping Dai, Jian Li
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and ocular manifestations in Chinese patients with POEMS syndrome. METHODS: This is a prospective study. Forty-one treatment-naive patients were enrolled from April 2014 to November 2014. Among the 41 patients, 40 had complete ocular examination, spectral domain optical coherence tomography scan, and serum VEGF measurement before treatment and every 3-month interval after lenalidomide and dexamethasone treatment...
December 7, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866728/what-is-new-in-2015-in-dysimmune-neuropathies
#20
REVIEW
T Kuntzer
This review discusses and summarizes the concept of nodopathies, the diagnostic features, investigations, pathophysiology, and treatment options of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, and gives updates on other inflammatory and dysimmune neuropathies such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, sensory neuronopathies, small-fiber-predominant ganglionitis, POEMS syndrome, neuropathies associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy and multifocal motor neuropathy. This field of research has contributed to the antigenic characterization of the peripheral motor and sensory functional systems, as well as helping to define immune neuropathic syndromes with widely different clinical presentation, prognosis and response to therapy...
December 2016: Revue Neurologique
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