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Autism behavioral therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780303/closed-loop-deep-brain-stimulation-for-ptsd-addiction-and-disorders-of-affective-facial-interpretation-review-and-discussion-of-potential-biomarkers-and-stimulation-paradigms
#1
REVIEW
Robert W Bina, Jean-Phillipe Langevin
The treatment of psychiatric diseases with Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is becoming more of a reality as studies proliferate the indications and targets for therapies. Opinions on the initial failures of DBS trials for some psychiatric diseases point to a certain lack of finesse in using an Open Loop DBS (OLDBS) system in these dynamic, cyclical pathologies. OLDBS delivers monomorphic input into dysfunctional brain circuits with modulation of that input via human interface at discrete time points with no interim modulation or adaptation to the changing circuit dynamics...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774207/overview-of-social-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-rare-developmental-syndromes-with-psychiatric-phenotype
#2
REVIEW
Aurore Morel, Elodie Peyroux, Arnaud Leleu, Emilie Favre, Nicolas Franck, Caroline Demily
Rare neurodevelopmental syndromes often present social cognitive deficits that may underlie difficulties in social interactions and increase the risk of psychosis or autism spectrum disorders. However, little is known regarding the specificities of social cognitive impairment across syndromes while it remains a major challenge for the care. Our review provides an overview of social cognitive dysfunctions in rare diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms (with a prevalence estimated between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 25,000 live births: 22q11...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763648/autism-spectrum-disorder-classification-diagnosis-and-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Samata R Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I Tarazi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746399/tourette-syndrome-clinical-spectrum-mechanisms-and-personalized-treatments
#4
Andreas Hartmann, Yulia Worbe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe recent advances regarding the disease spectrum in Tourette syndrome, offer new mechanistic insights into tic generation and provide clues for personalized treatments in this disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Apart from tics, which define Tourette syndrome, comorbidities are the rule and not the exception. They significantly define clinical presentation, disease severity and quality of life. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of screening for depression, anxiety and autism spectrum disorders in Tourette syndrome...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744703/a-comparison-of-a-behavioral-feeding-intervention-with-and-without-pre-meal-sensory-integration-therapy
#5
Laura Seiverling, Kisha Anderson, Christine Rogan, Christina Alaimo, Paul Argott, Julio Panora
This study compared a behavioral feeding intervention with and without pre-meal sensory integration therapy (SIT) in two boys with autism spectrum disorder and severe food selectivity. For both participants, child bite and drink consumption and total intake increased to similar levels with corresponding decreases in inappropriate mealtime behavior (IMB) in both conditions. The SIT condition was then discontinued and both participants continued to exhibit high levels of bite and drink consumption with corresponding low levels of IMB during a non-SIT phase...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742275/early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-eibi-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#6
REVIEW
Brian Reichow, Kara Hume, Erin E Barton, Brian A Boyd
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles of applied behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735112/stereotypic-movement-disorders
#7
Mackenzie Katherine
This review summarizes motor stereotypies in terms of description, prevalence, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. They are fixed and persistent movements. Stereotypies begin before 3 years of age and continue into adulthood. Primary motor stereotypies occur in children of normal intelligence, whereas secondary stereotypies ensue in the setting of an additional diagnosis such as autism spectrum disorder or other neurologic disorders. They are highly associated with comorbidities such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, inattention, and tics...
April 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713261/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-can-modulate-eeg-complexity-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Jiannan Kang, Erjuan Cai, Junxia Han, Zhen Tong, Xin Li, Estate M Sokhadze, Manuel F Casanova, Gaoxiang Ouyang, Xiaoli Li
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder which affects the developmental trajectory in several behavioral domains, including impairments of social communication, cognitive and language abilities. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique, and it was used for modulating the brain disorders. In this paper, we enrolled 13 ASD children (11 males and 2 females; mean ± SD age: 6.5 ± 1.7 years) to participate in our trial. Each patient received 10 treatments over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) once every 2 days...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701157/pharmacological-treatment-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#9
Kevin Hong, Vera Nezgovorova, Genoveva Uzunova, Danya Schlussel, Eric Hollander
Body dysmorphic disorder is a challenging disorder that manifests as erroneously perceived flaws in one's physical appearance and repetitive behaviors in response to appearance concerns. This disorder is also frequently comorbid with other psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder and autism spectrum disorder. It is currently understood to arise from a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors. Treatment of body dysmorphic disorder typically consists of a combination of pharmacotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy...
April 26, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687457/a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-to-improve-emotion-regulation-in-children-with-autism
#10
Jonathan A Weiss, Kendra Thomson, Priscilla Burnham Riosa, Carly Albaum, Victoria Chan, Andrea Maughan, Paula Tablon, Karen Black
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and difficulties with emotion regulation processes may underlie these issues. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is considered an efficacious treatment for anxiety in children with ASD. Additional research is needed to examine the efficacy of a transdiagnostic treatment approach, whereby the same treatment can be applied to multiple emotional problems, beyond solely anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a manualized and individually delivered 10-session, transdiagnostic CBT intervention, aimed at improving emotion regulation and mental health difficulties in children with ASD...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684771/coenzyme-q-10-supplementation-reduces-oxidative-stress-and-decreases-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Elham Mousavinejad, Mohammad Ali Ghaffari, Forough Riahi, Maryam Hajmohammadi, Zeinab Tiznobeyk, Masoumeh Mousavinejad
Antioxidants and oxidative stress can participate in pathobiochemical mechanisms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The aim was to identify the effects of early CoQ10 supplementation on oxidative stress in children with ASDs. Ninety children with ASDs were included in this study, based on DSM-IV criteria and using Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) scores. Concentrations of CoQ10 , MDA, total antioxidant status (TAS) assay, and antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase or SOD and glutathione peroxidase or GPx) activity were determined in serum before and after 100 days of supportive therapy with CoQ10 at daily doses of 30 and 60 mg...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615849/targeting-mglu5-metabotropic-glutamate-receptors-in-the-treatment-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-a-mouse-model-of-phenylketonuria
#12
Francesca Nardecchia, Rosamaria Orlando, Luisa Iacovelli, Marco Colamartino, Elena Fiori, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Sonia Piccinin, Robert Nistico, Stefano Puglisi-Allegra, Luisa Di Menna, Giuseppe Battaglia, Ferdinando Nicoletti, Tiziana Pascucci
We studied group-I metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors in Pahenu2 (ENU2) mice, which mimic the genetics and neurobiology of human phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic disorder characterized, if untreated, by autism, and intellectual disability (ID). Male ENU2 mice showed increased mGlu5 receptor protein levels in the hippocampus and corpus striatum (but not in the prefrontal cortex) whereas the transcript of the mGlu5 receptor was unchanged. No changes in mGlu1 receptor mRNA and protein levels were found in any of the three brain regions of ENU2 mice...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609630/rationale-and-design-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Tina R Kilburn, Merete Juul Sørensen, Mikael Thastum, Ronald M Rapee, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Kristian Bech Arendt, Per Hove Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is found in approximately 1% of the population and includes core symptoms that affect general and social development. Beside these core symptoms, it is suggested that up to 60% of children with ASD suffer from comorbid anxiety disorders which may further affect educational, social and general development as well as quality of life. The main goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a manualized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) anxiety program adapted for children with ASD...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568212/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-review-of-the-research
#14
Leman Kaniturk Kose, Lise Fox, Eric A Storch
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are highly comorbid, precipitating an urgent need to identify evidence-based practices that might be used to address this comorbidity exclusively. The aim of this study was to conduct a review of intervention research and clinical reports to examine the use of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with individuals who have comorbid ASD and OCD. Based on the pre-determined review inclusion criteria, 11 studies were included in the review: three randomized control trials (RCT), one case controlled study, two single subject experimental designs, and five case studies...
February 2018: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559425/virtual-travel-training-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-proof-of-concept-interventional-study
#15
Marco Simões, Miguel Bernardes, Fernando Barros, Miguel Castelo-Branco
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social interaction and repetitive patterns of behavior, which can lead to deficits in adaptive behavior. In this study, a serious game was developed to train individuals with ASD for an important type of outdoor activity, which is the use of buses as a means of transportation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a serious game that defines a "safe environment" where the players became familiar with the process of taking a bus and to validate if it could be used effectively to teach bus-taking routines and adaptive procedures to individuals with ASD...
March 20, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558767/integrating-a-parent-implemented-blend-of-developmental-and-behavioral-intervention-strategies-into-speech-language-treatment-for-toddlers-at-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Sarah R Rieth, Rachel Haine-Schlagel, Marilee Burgeson, Karyn Searcy, Kelsey S Dickson, Aubyn C Stahmer
Naturalistic developmental behavioral interventions include an explicit focus on coaching parents to use therapy techniques in daily routines and are considered best practice for young children with autism. Unfortunately, these approaches are not widely used in community settings, possibly due to the clinical expertise and training required. This article presents the work of the Bond, Regulate, Interact, Develop, Guide, Engage (BRIDGE Collaborative), a multidisciplinary group of service providers (including speech-language pathologists), parents, funding agency representatives, and researchers dedicated to improving the lives of young children with autism spectrum disorder and their families...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522600/-autism-comparing-two-treatment-modalities
#17
Juan P Lucchelli, Jean C Maleval
The treatment of autism has been a controversial issue for about four decades. The first formal description of Leo Kanner's autism in the 1940s describes above all the evolution of a homogeneous neuropsychopathological disorder and did not evoke the idea of a possible treatment. Today, researchers trusted to subscribe to a type of therapy that oscillates between cognitive and behavioral treatment. However, other treatments proposals may be pertinent, is what we discussed in the following article.
November 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518826/-the-identification-and-treatment-of-common-comorbidity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513516/prairie-voles-as-a-model-for-understanding-the-genetic-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-attachment-behaviors
#19
Julie M Sadino, Zoe R Donaldson
Over a lifetime, humans build relationships with family, friends, and partners that are critically important for our mental and physical health. Unlike commonly used laboratory mice and rats, Microtine rodents provide a unique model to study the neurobiology underlying pair bonding and the selective attachments that form between adults. Comparisons between monogamous prairie voles and the closely related but nonmonogamous meadow and montane voles have revealed that brain-region-specific neuropeptide receptor patterning modulates social behavior between and within species...
April 6, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508403/from-intuition-to-intervention-developing-an-intonation-based-treatment-for-autism
#20
Karen V Chenausky, Gottfried Schlaug
Autism affects ∼1.5% of children under age 8; its core symptoms include impairment in social-communicative functioning and repetitive behaviors/restricted interests. Music-based interventions have been considered one modality through which to treat autism. This report discusses considerations to take into account when developing a music-based intervention for a core symptom of autism. Treatment modality must be matched to symptom both clinically and theoretically, the behavior to be treated must be carefully defined and assessed, and outcome measures must be capable of showing improvement in that behavior over the course of the study...
March 6, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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