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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579549/neighborhood-collective-efficacy-parental-spanking-and-subsequent-risk-of-household-child-protective-services-involvement
#1
Julie Ma, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Sacha Klein
Children exposed to negative neighborhood conditions and parental spanking are at higher risk of experiencing maltreatment. We conducted prospective analyses of secondary data to determine the effects of neighborhood collective efficacy and parental spanking on household Child Protective Services (CPS) involvement, and whether spanking mediates the relationship between neighborhood collective efficacy and CPS involvement. The sample (N = 2,267) was drawn from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), a stratified random sample of 4,789 births between 1998-2000 in 20 large U...
March 23, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471982/decreasing-caregivers-positive-attitudes-toward-spanking
#2
Kimberly Burkhart, Michele Knox, Kimberly Hunter, Deanna Pennewitt, Karyssa Schrouder
The Play Nicely program is a multimedia training program designed to teach caregivers and health care professionals how to manage early childhood aggression and to use positive parenting practices. The aim of this article is to help the practicing clinician determine whether the Play Nicely program should be incorporated into his/her practice and to evaluate whether the program is effective at decreasing positive attitudes toward spanking in a socioeconomically disadvantaged population in both a resident pediatric clinic and a community center...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224417/parental-responses-to-temper-outbursts-in-children-with-adhd-the-role-of-psychological-factors
#3
Sheina A Godovich, Samantha Adelsberg, Amy Krain Roy
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD frequently exhibit temper outbursts (TO). One related factor may be parental responses, such as harsh discipline and accommodation. This study tests the hypotheses that these responses will be associated with greater TO, and parental characteristics of higher anger and lower sense of competence, in children with ADHD. METHOD: Participants included 79 5- to 9-year-old children with ADHD (77.22% boys). Regressions were used to determine the association between parental psychological factors and responses to TO while covarying for TO frequency, severity, and duration...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221530/parenting-practices-and-associations-with-development-delays-among-young-children-in-dominican-republic
#4
Omolara Thomas Uwemedimo, Afrin Howlader, Giselina Pierret
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization, >200 million children in low- and middle-income countries experience developmental delays. However, household structure and parenting practices have been minimally explored as potential correlates of developmental delay in low- and middle-income countries, despite potential as areas for intervention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine associations of developmental delays with use of World Health Organization-recommended parenting practices among a clinic-based cohort of children aged 6-60 months attending in La Romana, Dominican Republic...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106806/strengthening-causal-estimates-for-links-between-spanking-and-children-s-externalizing-behavior-problems
#5
Elizabeth T Gershoff, Kierra M P Sattler, Arya Ansari
Establishing causal links when experiments are not feasible is an important challenge for psychology researchers. The question of whether parents' spanking causes children's externalizing behavior problems poses such a challenge because randomized experiments of spanking are unethical, and correlational studies cannot rule out potential selection factors. This study used propensity score matching based on the lifetime prevalence and recent incidence of spanking in a large and nationally representative sample ( N = 12,112) as well as lagged dependent variables to get as close to causal estimates outside an experiment as possible...
January 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100038/associations-of-neighborhood-disorganization-and-maternal-spanking-with-children-s-aggression-a-fixed-effects-regression-analysis
#6
Julie Ma, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Shawna J Lee
This study employed fixed effects regression that controls for selection bias, omitted variables bias, and all time-invariant aspects of parent and child characteristics to examine the simultaneous associations between neighborhood disorganization, maternal spanking, and aggressive behavior in early childhood using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS). Analysis was based on 2,472 children and their mothers who participated in Wave 3 (2001-2003; child age 3) and Wave 4 (2003-2006; child age 5) of the FFCWS...
February 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987234/ending-the-spanking-debate
#7
EDITORIAL
Tracie O Afifi, Elisa Romano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983939/the-association-between-pediatric-injury-risks-and-parenting-behaviours
#8
M L Jaques, T L Weaver, N L Weaver, L Willoughby
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children ages 1-18 years. Many of these injuries to young children occur in their own homes. Although research has explored injury risk prevention strategies, historically, much of this research has focused on environmental changes and teaching safety practices. Currently, there appears to be a gap in current research exploring how parenting influences children's risk of injury. METHODS: Mothers (n = 119) of children 5 years and younger were recruited from a paediatric clinic as a part of a larger study and completed measures of parenting challenges, developmentally sensitive parenting, child neglect, parental efficacy, and risk of potential injury situations...
March 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952320/how-to-convince-parents-to-stop-spanking-their-children
#9
Julia Hudnut-Beumler, Ashley Smith, Seth J Scholer
English- and Spanish-speaking parents of 1- to 5-year-old children were invited to view 5-10 minutes of parent training program, "Play Nicely," as part of the well-child checkup. Key measures were parents' plans to change how they discipline and, if they planned to use less spanking, how the program worked in their situation. Of 197 parents who participated, 128 (65.0%) planned to change how they discipline. Nineteen parents (9.6%) reported that they planned to spank less. The most common reasons for parents to plan to spank less were that the program taught other discipline options (12/19, 63...
February 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922594/dose-dependent-response-to-3-nitrobenzanthrone-exposure-in-human-urothelial-cancer-cells
#10
Mario Pink, Nisha Verma, Anna Zerries, Simone Schmitz-Spanke
A product of incomplete combustion of diesel fuel, 3-nitrobenzanthrone (3-NBA), has been classified as a cancer-causing substance. It first gained attention as a potential urinary bladder carcinogen due to the presence of its metabolite in urine and formation of DNA adducts. The aim of the present study was to characterize the dose-response relationship of 3-NBA in human urothelial cancer cell line (RT4) exposed to concentrations ranging from 0.0003 μM (environmentally relevant) to 80 μM by utilizing toxicological and metabolomic approaches...
October 16, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893150/poor-metacognitive-awareness-of-belief-change
#11
Michael B Wolfe, Todd J Williams
When people change beliefs as a result of reading a text, are they aware of these changes? This question was examined for beliefs about spanking as an effective means of discipline. In two experiments, subjects reported beliefs about spanking effectiveness during a prescreening session. In a subsequent experimental session, subjects read a one-sided text that advocated a belief consistent or inconsistent position on the topic. After reading, subjects reported their current beliefs and attempted to recollect their initial beliefs...
September 12, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869880/psychometric-properties-of-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-abuse-short-form-ace-asf-among-romanian-high-school-students
#12
Franziska Meinck, Alina Paula Cosma, Christopher Mikton, Adriana Baban
Child abuse is a major public health problem. In order to establish the prevalence of abuse exposure among children, measures need to be age-appropriate, sensitive, reliable and valid. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF). The ACE-ASF is an 8-item, retrospective self-report questionnaire measuring lifetime physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Data from a nationally representative sample of 15-year-old, school-going adolescents (n=1733, 55...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851999/benzo-a-pyrene-induced-metabolic-shift-from-glycolysis-to-pentose-phosphate-pathway-in-the-human-bladder-cancer-cell-line-rt4
#13
Nisha Verma, Mario Pink, Stefan Boland, Albert W Rettenmeier, Simone Schmitz-Spanke
Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), a well-known polyaromatic hydrocarbon, is known for its lung carcinogenicity, however, its role in bladder cancer development is still discussed. Comparative two-dimensional blue native SDS-PAGE analysis of protein complexes isolated from subcellular fractions of 0.5 µM B[a]P-exposed cells indicated a differential regulation of proteins involved in carbohydrate, fatty acid, and nucleotide metabolism, suggesting a possible metabolic flux redistribution. It appeared that B[a]P exposure led to a repression of enzymes (fructose-bisphosphate aldolase A, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, lactate dehydrogenase) involved in glycolysis, and an up-regulation of proteins (glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconolactonase) catalyzing the pentose phosphate pathway and one carbon metabolism (10-formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, bifunctional purine biosynthesis protein)...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763786/child-maltreatment-in-nepal-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#14
P Kandel, R Kunwar, S Karki, D Kandel, P Lamichhane
OBJECTIVES: Child maltreatment is a global public health problem. There is limited information about this problem in low-income countries. We aimed to document the prevalence and factors associated with physical punishment of children less than 14 years of age in Nepal. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted an in-depth analysis using data from the Nepal Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, a nationally representative multi-stage-stratified cluster sampling survey...
October 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727762/sexual-diversity-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-probability-sample-of-adult-women-and-men
#15
Debby Herbenick, Jessamyn Bowling, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Brian Dodge, Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Stephanie Sanders
In 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional, Internet-based, U.S. nationally representative probability survey of 2,021 adults (975 men, 1,046 women) focused on a broad range of sexual behaviors. Individuals invited to participate were from the GfK KnowledgePanel®. The survey was titled the 2015 Sexual Exploration in America Study and survey completion took about 12 to 15 minutes. The survey was confidential and the researchers never had access to respondents' identifiers. Respondents reported on demographic items, lifetime and recent sexual behaviors, and the appeal of 50+ sexual behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529440/parents-primary-professional-sources-of-parenting-advice-moderate-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-toward-corporal-punishment
#16
Catherine A Taylor, Sarah McKasson, Guenevere Hoy, William DeJong
Despite the risk it poses to children's mental and physical health, approval and use of corporal punishment (CP) remains high in the United States. Informed by the Theory of Planned Behavior, we examined potential predictors of attitudes supportive of CP while assessing the moderating effects of parents' (N=500) chosen primary professional source of advice regarding child discipline: pediatricians (47.8%), religious leaders (20.8%), mental health professionals (MHPs) (n=18.4%), or other identified professionals (13...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457581/attitudes-beliefs-and-perceived-norms-about-corporal-punishment-and-related-training-needs-among-members-of-the-american-professional-society-on-the-abuse-of-children
#17
Catherine A Taylor, Julia M Fleckman, Shawna J Lee
Hitting children for disciplinary purposes (i.e., spanking or corporal punishment [CP]) is a strong risk factor for child physical abuse and is highly prevalent in the U.S. Yet, little is currently known about the relevant attitudes, beliefs, or training needs of key professionals who often advise parents regarding child discipline strategies. A survey of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC) membership, comprised of mental health professionals, physicians, child welfare professionals, and other professionals in the child maltreatment field, was conducted to assess attitudes, beliefs, perceived norms, training needs, and motivations to change norms regarding CP (N=571, response rate=51%)...
September 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448815/spanking-and-subsequent-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-a-propensity-score-matched-prospective-study-in-japan
#18
Sakurako Okuzono, Takeo Fujiwara, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ichiro Kawachi
Harsh or frequent spanking in early childhood is an established risk factor for later childhood behavioral problems as well as mental disorder in adulthood in Western societies. However, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations, where corporal punishment is relatively accepted. Moreover, the impacts of occasional spanking on subsequent behavioral problems remain uncertain. This study sought to investigate prospectively the association between the frequency of spanking of toddlers and later behavioral problems in Japanese children using national birth cohort data...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442195/changing-attitudes-about-spanking-among-conservative-christians-using-interventions-that-focus-on-empirical-research-evidence-and-progressive-biblical-interpretations
#19
Cindy Miller-Perrin, Robin Perrin
This study examined how interventions that include either empirical research evidence about spanking, progressive biblical interpretations, or both, affect attitudes and intentions about spanking. A sample of 129 college students (70% female; 30% male; Mage=19) attending a private, Christian university was randomly assigned to one of three intervention conditions: (1) Research Only, (2) Religion Only, or (3) Research and Religion. Four weeks prior to the intervention sessions, students completed a Demographic Form, the Religious Fundamentalism Scale, and the Attitudes Toward Spanking (ATS) scale...
September 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419887/unpacking-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-mental-health
#20
Melissa T Merrick, Katie A Ports, Derek C Ford, Tracie O Afifi, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Exposure to childhood adversity has an impact on adult mental health, increasing the risk for depression and suicide. Associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and several adult mental and behavioral health outcomes are well documented in the literature, establishing the need for prevention. The current study analyzes the relationship between an expanded ACE score that includes being spanked as a child and adult mental health outcomes by examining each ACE separately to determine the contribution of each ACE...
July 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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