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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416021/effects-of-gabab-receptors-in-the-insula-on-recognition-memory-observed-with-intellicage
#1
Nan Wu, Feng Wang, Zhe Jin, Zhen Zhang, Lian-Kun Wang, Chun Zhang, Tao Sun
BACKGROUND: Insular function has gradually become a topic of intense study in cognitive research. Recognition memory is a commonly studied type of memory in memory research. GABABR has been shown to be closely related to memory formation. In the present study, we used intellicage, which is a new intelligent behavioural test system, and a bilateral drug microinjection technique to inject into the bilateral insula, to examine the relationship between GABABR and recognition memory. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, Sham, Nacl, baclofen and CGP35348 groups...
April 17, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403278/patient-safety-characterization-of-youtube-videos
#2
Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Theo Duarte da Costa, Andréa Tayse de Lima Gomes, Yole Matias Silveira de Assis, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos
Objective: To describe how patient safety is addressed in YouTube videos. Methods: descriptive study with a quantitative approach. Data was collected in May 2015, at YouTube's search field, with descriptor "patient safety". The sample included 92 videos, which were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The videos showed a positive concept of patient safety, based on a systemic vision that attempts to eliminate the traditional punitive culture by promoting a culture of safety...
April 10, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401833/atypical-dimensions-of-caregiver-adolescent-interaction-in-an-economically-disadvantaged-sample
#3
Roger Kobak, Kristyn Zajac, Caroline Abbott, Abby Zisk, Nadia Bounoua
The Goal-Corrected Partnership Adolescent Coding System (GPACS) has shown promise in assessing a secure as well as three atypical patterns of parent-adolescent interaction during a conflict discussion. The current study of 186 economically disadvantaged families examines the degree to which four GPACS patterns: secure/collaborative, hostile/punitive, role confused, and disoriented, prospectively predict adolescents' social competence and maladaptive behavior (internalizing, externalizing, and risk behaviors) at age 15 years after controlling for these social behaviors at age 13 years and contemporaneous GPACS scores...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401507/improving-student-engagement-in-the-study-of-professional-ethics-concepts-and-an-example-in-cyber-security
#4
John D Bustard
In spite of the acknowledged importance of professional ethics, technical students often show little enthusiasm for studying the subject. This paper considers how such engagement might be improved. Four guiding principles for promoting engagement are identified: (1) aligning teaching content with student interests; (2) taking a pragmatic rather than a philosophical approach to issue resolution; (3) addressing the full complexity of real-world case studies; and (4) covering content in a way that students find entertaining...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401274/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-trauma-and-reconciliation-in-south-sudan
#5
Lauren C Ng, Belkys López, Matthew Pritchard, David Deng
PURPOSE: South Sudan is embroiled in a conflict that erupted in December 2013. This study examines what people in South Sudan think is necessary to achieve reconciliation and how trauma exposure and PTSD are associated with those beliefs. METHODS: 1525 participants (51.0% female) were selected using random and purposive sampling in six states and Abyei. Participants reported on traumatic events, PTSD symptoms, and attitudes towards reconciliation mechanisms. RESULTS: Results indicated that 40...
April 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388484/making-punishment-palatable-belief-in-free-will-alleviates-punitive-distress
#6
Cory J Clark, Roy F Baumeister, Peter H Ditto
Punishing wrongdoers is beneficial for group functioning, but can harm individual well-being. Building on research demonstrating that punitive motives underlie free will beliefs, we propose that free will beliefs help justify punitive impulses, thus alleviating the associated distress. In Study 1, trait-level punitiveness predicted heightened levels of anxiety only for free will skeptics. Study 2 found that higher state-level incarceration rates predicted higher mental health issue rates, only in states with citizens relatively skeptical about free will...
April 4, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375944/exploring-canadians-and-europeans-health-care-professionals-perception-of-biological-risks-patient-safety-and-professional-s-safety-practices
#7
Laurence Bernard, Agnès Bernard, Alain Biron, Mélanie Lavoie-Tremblay
Patient safety has become a worldwide concern in relation to infectious diseases (Ebola/severe acute respiratory syndrome/flu). During the pandemic, different sanitary responses were documented between Europe and North America in terms of vaccination and compliance with infection prevention and control measures. The purpose of this study was to explore the health care professional's perceptions of biological risks, patient safety, and their practices in European and Canadian health care facilities. A qualitative-descriptive design was used to explore the perceptions of biological risks and patient safety practices among health care professionals in 3 different facilities...
April 3, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364839/disparate-vantage-points-race-gender-county-context-and-attitudes-about-harsh-punishments-in-the-us
#8
Erin Carll
In this paper, I use data from the General Social Survey, FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Statistics, and other sources to consider differences in attitudes about punishment among four groups-Black men, Black women, White men, and White women-as well as how these differences vary according to county crime rates. Centering my expectations about group-specific attitudes within conflict theory and prior empirical findings, I am guided by the presumption that race and gender are cultural categories that shape attitudes about punishment by influencing our interactions with the criminal justice system, and that the meaning of these cultural categories varies by context...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364567/a-novel-online-to-offline-o2o-model-for-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-and-hiv-testing-scale-up
#9
Sara Lm Davis, William C Goedel, John Emerson, Brooke Skartvedt Guven
INTRODUCTION: UN global plans on HIV/AIDS have committed to reducing the number of countries with punitive laws criminalizing key populations. This study explores whether punitive laws are associated with countries' performance on targets set in the global plans. METHODS: The study used chi-square tests of independence to explore associations between legal status, key population size estimates, and HIV service coverage for 193 countries from 2007 to 2014. We used data reported by countries on United Nations Global AIDS Progress Report (GARPR) indicators, and legal data from UNAIDS, UNDP, and civil society organizations...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364402/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-help-seeking-behaviors-of-students-who-experience-psychological-distress-around-assessment-at-medical-school
#10
Rachel I Winter, Rakesh Patel, Robert I Norman
OBJECTIVE: Medical students are at high risk of experiencing psychological distress at medical school and developing mental ill-health during professional practice. Despite efforts by faculty to raise awareness about this risk, many students choose to suffer in silence in the face of psychological distress. The aim of this study was to explore drivers that prompted help-seeking behavior and barriers that prevented individuals prioritizing their well-being around the time of high-stakes assessment at medical school...
March 31, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357162/health-health-care-and-systems-science-emerging-paradigm
#11
REVIEW
Ivo Janecka
Health is a continuum of an optimized state of a biologic system, an outcome of positive relationships with the self and others. A healthy system follows the principles of systems science derived from observations of nature, highlighting the character of relationships as the key determinant. Relationships evolve from our decisions, which are consequential to the function of our own biologic system on all levels, including the genome, where epigenetics impact our morphology. In healthy systems, decisions emanate from the reciprocal collaboration of hippocampal memory and the executive prefrontal cortex...
February 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331270/gastric-teratoma-presented-as-gastric-outlet-obstruction-and-melena-report-of-rare-case
#12
Punit K Srivastava, Richa Jaiman, Ajay N Gangopadhyay, Dinesh K Gupta
Gastric teratoma is a very rare tumor, accounting for less than 1 % of all teratomas in infants and children. Melena or upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding in newborns and infants is a rare event and is usually caused by a benign lesion. Gastric teratoma has been reported as a cause of gastrointestinal bleeding on a few occasions. As gastric teratomas generally present as a palpable abdominal mass, more aggressive solid masses of childhood must be excluded. We present intramural extension of gastric teratoma presented as symptom of gastric outlet obstruction and melena...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317127/two-pathways-to-self-forgiveness-a-hedonic-path-via-self-compassion-and-a-eudaimonic-path-via-the-reaffirmation-of-violated-values
#13
Lydia Woodyatt, Michael Wenzel, Matthew Ferber
Self-forgiveness is often measured as a hedonic end-state, as the presence of positive affect and the absence of negative affect towards the self following a wrongdoing. However, self-forgiveness is also referred to as a difficult process. Self-forgiveness as a process of accepting responsibility and working through one's wrongdoing is a substantially un-hedonic - it is likely to be uncomfortable and at times painful. In this study, we examine two pathways to self-forgiveness: a hedonic focused pathway (via self-compassion) and a eudaimonic pathway (via reaffirmation of transgressed values)...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281156/questionable-objectionable-or-criminal-public-opinion-on-data-fraud-and-selective-reporting-in-science
#14
Justin T Pickett, Sean Patrick Roche
Data fraud and selective reporting both present serious threats to the credibility of science. However, there remains considerable disagreement among scientists about how best to sanction data fraud, and about the ethicality of selective reporting. The public is arguably the largest stakeholder in the reproducibility of science; research is primarily paid for with public funds, and flawed science threatens the public's welfare. Members of the public are able to make meaningful judgments about the morality of different behaviors using moral intuitions...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274078/successful-management-of-the-masochistic-habit-in-a-child-with-santovuori-haltia-hagberg-disease-infantile-neuronal-ceriod-lipofuscinoses
#15
Laresh N Mistry, Shivayogi M Hugar, Vidyavathi H Patil, Punit Patel
Self-injurious behaviours are usually related to paediatric patients with mental retardation. The management of such patients is quiet challenging to the paediatric dentists because of the difficulty to communicate with such patients regarding their feelings verbally. Here, we present a case report of successful management of self-injurious behaviour in a child with Infantile Neuronal Ceriod Lipofuscinoses (INCL).
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269370/bed-based-instrumentation-for-unobtrusive-sleep-quality-assessment-in-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#16
Charles Carlson, Ahmad Suliman, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Shangxian Wang, Bala Natarajan, Steve Warren
The relationship between sleep quality and daytime wellness and performance in severely disabled, autistic children is not well understood. While polysomnography and, more recently, actigraphy serve as means to obtain sleep assessment data from neurotypical children and adults, these techniques are not well-suited to severely autistic children. This paper presents recent progress on a bed sensor suite that can unobtrusively track physiological and behavioral parameters used to assess sleep quality. Electromechanical films and load cells provide data that yield heart rate, respiration rate, center of position, in-and-out-of-bed activity, and general movement, while thermocouples are used to detect bed-wetting events...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268947/design-projects-motivated-and-informed-by-the-needs-of-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#17
Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen
Technology can positively impact the lives of severely disabled autistic children if used to (a) gather situational awareness data regarding their health, development, and behavior and (b) assist them with learning and day-to-day activities. This paper summarizes student design projects in the Kansas State University (KSU) College of Engineering that are motivated and informed by the needs of severely disabled children at Heartspring, Wichita, KS. These efforts are supported through the National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering (GARDE) program...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259650/can-we-make-cannabis-safer
#18
REVIEW
Amir Englund, Tom P Freeman, Robin M Murray, Philip McGuire
Cannabis use and related problems are on the rise globally alongside an increase in the potency of cannabis sold on both black and legal markets. Additionally, there has been a shift towards abandoning prohibition for a less punitive and more permissive legal stance on cannabis, such as decriminalisation and legalisation. It is therefore crucial that we explore new and innovative ways to reduce harm. Research has found cannabis with high concentrations of its main active ingredient, δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), to be more harmful (in terms of causing the main risks associated with cannabis use, such as addiction, psychosis, and cognitive impairment) than cannabis with lower concentrations of THC...
March 1, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258758/defining-reasonable-force-does-it-advance-child-protection
#19
Joan E Durrant, Barbara Fallon, Rachael Lefebvre, Kate Allan
Fifty-two countries have abolished all physical punishment of children, yet Canada has retained its criminal defense to 'reasonable' corrective force. In 2004, Canada's Supreme Court attempted to set limits on punitive acts that can be considered reasonable under the law. In the present study, we examined the validity of these limits. If the court's limits provide adequate protection to children, most substantiated child maltreatment cases should exceed those limits. We operationalized each limit and applied it to a provincially representative sample of substantiated child physical maltreatment cases...
February 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253435/detecting-membrane-protein-protein-interactions-using-the-mammalian-membrane-two-hybrid-mamth-assay
#20
Punit Saraon, Ingrid Grozavu, Sang Hyun Lim, Jamie Snider, Zhong Yao, Igor Stagljar
Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) play an integral role in numerous cellular processes. Membrane protein interactions, in particular, are critical in cellular responses to stresses and stimuli, with dysfunction of these PPIs (e.g., due to aberrant expression and/or mutation of interaction partners) leading to a diverse array of pathological states. Exploration of the interaction space and dynamics of membrane proteins is difficult due to the limitations of current techniques used to study proteins in the biochemically complex environment of biological membranes...
March 2, 2017: Current Protocols in Chemical Biology
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