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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806259/serendipitous-discovery-of-isolated-gastric-metastases-from-adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-on-staging-18f-fdg-pet-ct
#1
Punit Sharma, Amit Dutt Dwary, Enam Murshed Khan
Gastric metastasis from lung cancer is rare. We here present the case of a 59-year-old man with lung adenocarcinoma where isolated gastric metastases were discovered on staging F-FDG PET-CT, confirmed with endoscopy and biopsy.
August 12, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799101/determinants-of-punitive-attitudes-toward-people-with-pedophilia-dissecting-effects-of-the-label-and-intentionality-ascriptions
#2
Roland Imhoff, Sara Jahnke
Recent research has established marked punitive attitudes against people sexually interested in children. These negative attitudes are even more pronounced when such sexual interest is labeled as pedophilia, but are attenuated to the extent that such sexual interest is perceived as beyond one's own control (unintentional). We explored these effects in more detail by separately manipulating the label (pedophiles vs. people with sexual interest in prepubescent children) and degree of intentionality (pedophilia or sexual desire as malleable vs...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794237/prolonged-immigration-detention-complicity-and-boycotts
#3
Melanie Jansen, Alanna Sue Tin, David Isaacs
Australia's punitive policy towards people seeking asylum deliberately causes severe psychological harm and meets recognised definitions of torture. Consequently, there is a tension between doctors' obligation not to be complicit in torture and doctors' obligation to provide best possible care to their patients, including those seeking asylum. In this paper, we explore the nature of complicity and discuss the arguments for and against a proposed call for doctors to boycott working in immigration detention. We conclude that a degree of complicity is unavoidable when working in immigration detention, but that it may be ethically justifiable...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776279/asparagine-synthetase-deficiency-report-of-a-novel-mutation-and-review-of-literature
#4
Neerja Gupta, Vishal Vishnu Tewari, Manoj Kumar, Nitika Langeh, Aditi Gupta, Pallavi Mishra, Punit Kaur, Vedam Ramprasad, Sakthivel Murugan, Reema Kumar, Manisha Jana, Madhulika Kabra
Asparagine synthetase deficiency is a rare inborn error of metabolism caused by a defect in ASNS, a gene encoding asparagine synthetase. It manifests with a severe neurological phenotype manifesting as severe developmental delay, congenital microcephaly, spasticity and refractory seizures. To date, nineteen patients from twelve unrelated families have been identified. Majority of the mutations are missense and nonsense mutations in homozygous or compound heterozygous state. We add another case from India which harbored a novel homozygous missense variation in exon 11 and compare the current case with previously reported cases...
August 3, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764780/improving-patient-safety-culture-in-saudi-arabia-2012-2015-trending-improvement-and-benchmarking
#5
Khalid Alswat, Rawia Ahmad Mustafa Abdalla, Maher Abdelraheim Titi, Maram Bakash, Faiza Mehmood, Beena Zubairi, Diana Jamal, Fadi El-Jardali
BACKGROUND: Measuring patient safety culture can provide insight into areas for improvement and help monitor changes over time. This study details the findings of a re-assessment of patient safety culture in a multi-site Medical City in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Results were compared to an earlier assessment conducted in 2012 and benchmarked with regional and international studies. Such assessments can provide hospital leadership with insight on how their hospital is performing on patient safety culture composites as a result of quality improvement plans...
August 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764407/coexisting-synchronous-and-asynchronous-states-in-locally-coupled-array-of-oscillators-by-partial-self-feedback-control
#6
Bidesh K Bera, Dibakar Ghosh, Punit Parmananda, G V Osipov, Syamal K Dana
We report the emergence of coexisting synchronous and asynchronous subpopulations of oscillators in one dimensional arrays of identical oscillators by applying a self-feedback control. When a self-feedback is applied to a subpopulation of the array, similar to chimera states, it splits into two/more sub-subpopulations coexisting in coherent and incoherent states for a range of self-feedback strength. By tuning the coupling between the nearest neighbors and the amount of self-feedback in the perturbed subpopulation, the size of the coherent and the incoherent sub-subpopulations in the array can be controlled, although the exact size of them is unpredictable...
July 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764297/comparative-assessment-of-conventional-composites-and-coloured-compomers-in-permanent-molars-of-children-with-mixed-dentition-a-pilot-study
#7
Shivayogi M Hugar, Divyata Kohli, Chandrashekhar M Badakar, Supriya S Vyavahare, Parin P Shah, Niraj S Gokhale, Punit M Patel, Madhura V Mundada
INTRODUCTION: Early treatment of carious lesions in children is important for the maintenance of oral health. Multicoloured restorations could be the impetus for an extremely nervous or defiant child to take dental treatment. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the clinical success of conventional composites and coloured compomer material in first permanent molars of children with mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of sixty sites, divided into two groups, with thirty subjects in each group using split mouth design were chosen amongst patients reporting to Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759528/18f-fdg-pet-ct-demonstrating-chorioadenoma-destruens-after-evacuation-of-complete-hydatidiform-mole
#8
Punit Sharma
Gestational trophoblastic neoplasias (GTNs) are a group of pregnancy-related neoplasms, which include chorioadenoma destruens (invasive mole), placental site trophoblastic tumor, and choriocarcinoma. Although the role of F-FDG PET/CT is still undefined in GTN, in selected cases, it can have significant impact on patient management. Here, we present the case of a 29-year-old woman with hydatidiform mole suggestive of GTN 3 months after evacuation. F-FDG PET/CT demonstrated chorioadenoma destruens (invasive mole) and ruled out metastasis in this case...
July 29, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745256/-video-recording-and-data-collection-in-the-operating-room-the-way-to-a-just-culture-in-the-or
#9
M P Schijven, D A Legemate, J Legemaate
The Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, has started a trial to evaluate the usefulness to team debriefings of performance reports generated by a medical data recorder (MDR) in the operating room (OR). Outcome performance reports in structured debriefings in a secure, non-punitive environment are likely to heighten the level of situational awareness of OR teams. This may prevent future error. In addition, the use of video and - even more likely - use of an MDR may contribute to establishing a 'just culture' in the OR...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740188/in-situ-stable-crack-growth-at-the-micron-scale
#10
Giorgio Sernicola, Tommaso Giovannini, Punit Patel, James R Kermode, Daniel S Balint, T Ben Britton, Finn Giuliani
Grain boundaries typically dominate fracture toughness, strength and slow crack growth in ceramics. To improve these properties through mechanistically informed grain boundary engineering, precise measurement of the mechanical properties of individual boundaries is essential, although it is rarely achieved due to the complexity of the task. Here we present an approach to characterize fracture energy at the lengthscale of individual grain boundaries and demonstrate this capability with measurement of the surface energy of silicon carbide single crystals...
July 24, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738769/endogenous-biomarkers-to-assess-drug-drug-interactions-by-drug-transporters-and-enzymes
#11
T Thanga Mariappan, Hong Shen, Punit Marathe
Drug-drug interactions (DDI) by modulation of drug transporters or drug metabolizing enzymes are common in multi-drug therapy. DDI potential of any new drugs are assessed by conducting separate clinical studies using relevant probe substrates, which involves additional resource and cost. Recently, several endogenous compounds were evaluated as substrates of transporters and enzymes that could be assessed as part of early clinical trials along with the assessment of drug pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety studies...
July 24, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735568/turning-a-blind-eye-public-support-of-emergency-housing-policies-for-sex-offenders
#12
Kelly M Socia, Christopher P Dum, Jason Rydberg
In this study, we examine the influences of citizen decision making in the context of four policy scenarios that would affect the living conditions of sex offenders (SOs) residing at an "emergency shelter" budget motel. We surveyed 773 citizens in an online survey about their support for four policy scenarios that would improve the living conditions of SOs: (a) at no cost to the respondent, (b) in exchange for a US$100 tax increase, and (c) by relocating SOs within the respondent's neighborhood (i.e., "in my backyard"/IMBY scenario)...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728609/multiple-myeloma-can-be-accurately-diagnosed-in-acute-kidney-injury-patients-using-a-rapid-serum-free-light-chain-test
#13
Jennifer L J Heaney, John P Campbell, Punit Yadav, Ann E Griffin, Meena Shemar, Jennifer H Pinney, Mark T Drayson
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Whether serum free light chain (sFLC) measurements can distinguish between myeloma and other causes of AKI requires confirmation to guide early treatment. A rapid and portable sFLC test (Seralite®) is newly available and could reduce delays in obtaining sFLC results and accelerate diagnosis in patients with unexplained AKI. This study evaluated the accuracy of Seralite® to identify MM as the cause of AKI...
July 20, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728442/an-integrated-platform-for-small-animal-hyperthermia-investigations-under-ultra-high-field-mri-guidance
#14
Sergio Curto, Pegah Faridi, Tej B Shrestha, Marla Pyle, Leila Maurmann, Deryl Troyer, Stefan H Bossmann, Punit Prakash
PURPOSE: Integrating small-animal experimental hyperthermia instrumentation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) affords real-time monitoring of spatial temperature profiles. This study reports on the development and preliminary in vivo characterisation of a 2.45 GHz microwave hyperthermia system for pre-clinical small animal investigations, integrated within a 14 T ultra-high-field MRI scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The presented system incorporates a 3.5 mm (OD) directional microwave hyperthermia antenna, positioned adjacent to the small-animal target, radiating microwave energy for localised heating of subcutaneous tumours...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716395/-it-ruined-my-life-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-on-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-rural-puerto-rico
#15
R Abadie, C Gelpi-Acosta, C Davila, A Rivera, M Welch-Lazoritz, K Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The War on Drugs has raised the incarceration rates of racial minorities for non-violent drug-related crimes, profoundly stigmatized drug users, and redirected resources from drug prevention and treatment to militarizing federal and local law enforcement. Yet, while some states consider shifting their punitive approach to drug use, to one based on drug treatment and rehabilitation, nothing suggests that these policy shifts are being replicated in Puerto Rico. METHODS: This paper utilizes data from 360 PWID residing in four rural towns in the mountainous area of central Puerto Rico...
July 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704791/the-association-between-discharge-status-mental-health-and-substance-misuse-among-young-adult-veterans
#16
Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Eric R Pedersen
Although 85% of military service members are discharged honorably, veterans who engage in misconduct during military service may receive other types of administrative or punitive discharges. The discharge type not only affects eligibility for benefits, but is associated with negative downstream consequences (e.g., homelessness, criminal justice involvement). However, limited empirical research has examined the mental health and substance use-related needs of veterans who were not Honorably discharged, and the few that have only focus on veterans who received punitive discharges...
July 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702204/exploring-the-status-of-retail-private-drug-shops-in-bangladesh-and-action-points-for-developing-an-accredited-drug-shop-model-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Syed Masud Ahmed, Nahitun Naher, Tarek Hossain, Lal Bahadur Rawal
BACKGROUND: The private retail drug shops market in Bangladesh is largely unregulated and unaccountable, giving rise to irrational use of drugs and high Out-of-pocket expenditure on health. These shops are served by salespersons with meagre or no formal training in dispensing. METHOD: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate how the drug shops currently operate vis-a-vis the regulatory regime including dispensing practices of the salespersons, for identifying key action points to develop an accredited model for Bangladesh...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690668/white-opioids-pharmaceutical-race-and-the-war-on-drugs-that-wasn-t
#18
Julie Netherland, Helena Hansen
The US 'War on Drugs' has had a profound role in reinforcing racial hierarchies. Although Black Americans are no more likely than Whites to use illicit drugs, they are 6-10 times more likely to be incarcerated for drug offenses. Meanwhile, a very different system for responding to the drug use of Whites has emerged. This article uses the recent history of White opioids - the synthetic opiates such as OxyContin(®) that gained notoriety starting in the 1990s in connection with epidemic prescription medication abuse among White, suburban and rural Americans and Suboxone(®) that came on the market as an addiction treatment in the 2000s - to show how American drug policy is racialized, using the lesser known lens of decriminalized White drugs...
June 2017: BioSocieties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686162/-the-etiology-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-from-the-aspects-of-attachment-theory-with-special-regard-to-perceived-parental-treatment-attachment-patterns-and-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#19
Nóra Rejtô, Gábor Papp, Judit Molnár
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The focus of our study was the etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder from attachment aspects. Our aim was to examine the representations of perceived parental treatment, attachment patterns and the level of emotion regulation of people who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder. METHOD: 223 people participated in our study. The clinical group consisted of 92 persons with obsessive-compulsive symptoms, while the control group involved 131 people without OC symptoms...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680222/lymphomatous-involvement-of-male-breast-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-gynecomastia-demonstration-with-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#20
Punit Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
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