keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Punitive

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728609/multiple-myeloma-can-be-accurately-diagnosed-in-acute-kidney-injury-patients-using-a-rapid-serum-free-light-chain-test
#1
Jennifer L J Heaney, John P Campbell, Punit Yadav, Ann E Griffin, Meena Shemar, Jennifer H Pinney, Mark T Drayson
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Whether serum free light chain (sFLC) measurements can distinguish between myeloma and other causes of AKI requires confirmation to guide early treatment. A rapid and portable sFLC test (Seralite®) is newly available and could reduce delays in obtaining sFLC results and accelerate diagnosis in patients with unexplained AKI. This study evaluated the accuracy of Seralite® to identify MM as the cause of AKI...
July 20, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728442/an-integrated-platform-for-small-animal-hyperthermia-investigations-under-ultra-high-field-mri-guidance
#2
Sergio Curto, Pegah Faridi, Tej B Shrestha, Marla Pyle, Leila Maurmann, Deryl Troyer, Stefan H Bossmann, Punit Prakash
PURPOSE: Integrating small-animal experimental hyperthermia instrumentation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) affords real-time monitoring of spatial temperature profiles. This study reports on the development and preliminary in vivo characterisation of a 2.45 GHz microwave hyperthermia system for pre-clinical small animal investigations, integrated within a 14 T ultra-high-field MRI scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The presented system incorporates a 3.5 mm (OD) directional microwave hyperthermia antenna, positioned adjacent to the small-animal target, radiating microwave energy for localised heating of subcutaneous tumours...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716395/-it-ruined-my-life-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-on-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-rural-puerto-rico
#3
R Abadie, C Gelpi-Acosta, C Davila, A Rivera, M Welch-Lazoritz, K Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The War on Drugs has raised the incarceration rates of racial minorities for non-violent drug-related crimes, profoundly stigmatized drug users, and redirected resources from drug prevention and treatment to militarizing federal and local law enforcement. Yet, while some states consider shifting their punitive approach to drug use, to one based on drug treatment and rehabilitation, nothing suggests that these policy shifts are being replicated in Puerto Rico. METHODS: This paper utilizes data from 360 PWID residing in four rural towns in the mountainous area of central Puerto Rico...
July 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704791/the-association-between-discharge-status-mental-health-and-substance-misuse-among-young-adult-veterans
#4
Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Eric R Pedersen
Although 85% of military service members are discharged honorably, veterans who engage in misconduct during military service may receive other types of administrative or punitive discharges. The discharge type not only affects eligibility for benefits, but is associated with negative downstream consequences (e.g., homelessness, criminal justice involvement). However, limited empirical research has examined the mental health and substance use-related needs of veterans who were not Honorably discharged, and the few that have only focus on veterans who received punitive discharges...
July 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702204/exploring-the-status-of-retail-private-drug-shops-in-bangladesh-and-action-points-for-developing-an-accredited-drug-shop-model-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#5
Syed Masud Ahmed, Nahitun Naher, Tarek Hossain, Lal Bahadur Rawal
BACKGROUND: The private retail drug shops market in Bangladesh is largely unregulated and unaccountable, giving rise to irrational use of drugs and high Out-of-pocket expenditure on health. These shops are served by salespersons with meagre or no formal training in dispensing. METHOD: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate how the drug shops currently operate vis-a-vis the regulatory regime including dispensing practices of the salespersons, for identifying key action points to develop an accredited model for Bangladesh...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690668/white-opioids-pharmaceutical-race-and-the-war-on-drugs-that-wasn-t
#6
Julie Netherland, Helena Hansen
The US 'War on Drugs' has had a profound role in reinforcing racial hierarchies. Although Black Americans are no more likely than Whites to use illicit drugs, they are 6-10 times more likely to be incarcerated for drug offenses. Meanwhile, a very different system for responding to the drug use of Whites has emerged. This article uses the recent history of White opioids - the synthetic opiates such as OxyContin(®) that gained notoriety starting in the 1990s in connection with epidemic prescription medication abuse among White, suburban and rural Americans and Suboxone(®) that came on the market as an addiction treatment in the 2000s - to show how American drug policy is racialized, using the lesser known lens of decriminalized White drugs...
June 2017: BioSocieties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686162/-the-etiology-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-from-the-aspects-of-attachment-theory-with-special-regard-to-perceived-parental-treatment-attachment-patterns-and-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#7
Nóra Rejtô, Gábor Papp, Judit Molnár
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The focus of our study was the etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder from attachment aspects. Our aim was to examine the representations of perceived parental treatment, attachment patterns and the level of emotion regulation of people who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder. METHOD: 223 people participated in our study. The clinical group consisted of 92 persons with obsessive-compulsive symptoms, while the control group involved 131 people without OC symptoms...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680222/lymphomatous-involvement-of-male-breast-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-gynecomastia-demonstration-with-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#8
Punit Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678071/reporting-of-perioperative-adverse-events-by-pediatric-anesthesiologists-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-targeted-interventions-to-increase-the-rate-of-reporting
#9
Glyn D Williams, Matthew K Muffly, Julianne M Mendoza, Nina Wixson, Kit Leong, Rebecca E Claure
BACKGROUND: Incident reporting systems (IRSs) are important patient safety tools for identifying risks and opportunities for improvement. A major IRS limitation is underreporting of incidents. Perioperative anesthesia IRSs have been established at multiple pediatric institutions and a national pediatric anesthesia IRS for perioperative serious adverse events (SAEs) is maintained by Wake Up Safe (WUS), a patient safety organization dedicated to pediatric anesthesia quality improvement...
July 1, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654311/effects-of-the-contextual-variables-of-racing-games-on-risky-driving-behavior
#10
Mingming Deng, Alan H S Chan, Feng Wu, Shulin Liu
OBJECTIVE: This research conducted experimental studies to investigate the effects of the contextual variables of racing games on risky driving behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, the effect of racing game violence on the driving-related risk-taking inclination of racing game players was examined. Experiment 2 investigated the impact of the competitiveness of racing games on risk-taking inclination, and Experiment 3 investigated the impact of the rewarded/punitive characteristics of racing games on the risk-taking inclination of racing game players...
June 27, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653416/design-of-anti-thyroid-drugs-binding-studies-and-structure-determination-of-the-complex-of-lactoperoxidase-with-2-mercaptoimidazole-at-2-30-%C3%A3-resolution
#11
Harsh V Sirohi, Prashant K Singh, Naseer Iqbal, Pradeep Sharma, Amit K Singh, Punit Kaur, Sujata Sharma, Tej P Singh
Lactoperoxidase (LPO) belongs to mammalian heme peroxidase superfamily which also includes myeloperoxidase (MPO), eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) and thyroid peroxidase (TPO). LPO catalyzes the oxidation of a number of substrates including thiocyanate while TPO catatalyzes the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones. LPO is also been shown to catalyze the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones indicating similar functional and structural properties. The binding studies showed that 2-mercaptoimidazole (MZY) bound to LPO with a dissociation constant of 0...
June 27, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653323/increased-fracture-risk-in-plasma-cell-dyscrasias-is-associated-with-poorer-overall-survival
#12
Graham McIlroy, Jemma Mytton, Felicity Evison, Punit Yadav, Mark T Drayson, Mark Cook, Guy Pratt, Paul Cockwell, Jennifer H Pinney
Pathological fractures are a common complication of plasma cell dyscrasias (PCD) and are associated with significant morbidity. Routine use of bisphosphonates over the past decade has aimed to reduce the risk of fractures in patients with multiple myeloma, but despite this, fractures continue to represent a significant burden of disease. In this study we report the fracture rate of hospital in-patients with PCD in England. Data from the national registry Hospital Episode Statistics between 2001 and 2015 were used to determine fracture rate and its effect on overall survival...
June 27, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640198/experimental-investigation-of-magnetic-nanoparticle-enhanced-microwave-hyperthermia
#13
Brogan T McWilliams, Hongwang Wang, Valerie J Binns, Sergio Curto, Stefan H Bossmann, Punit Prakash
The objective of this study was to evaluate microwave heating enhancements offered by iron/iron oxide nanoparticles dispersed within tissue-mimicking media for improving efficacy of microwave thermal therapy. The following dopamine-coated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were considered: 10 and 20 nm diameter spherical core/shell Fe/Fe₃O₄, 20 nm edge-length cubic Fe₃O₄, and 45 nm edge-length/10 nm height hexagonal Fe₃O₄. Microwave heating enhancements were experimentally measured with MNPs dissolved in an agar phantom, placed within a rectangular waveguide...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630898/polymeric-lithography-editor-editing-lithographic-errors-with-nanoporous-polymeric-probes
#14
Pradeep Ramiah Rajasekaran, Chuanhong Zhou, Mallika Dasari, Kay-Obbe Voss, Christina Trautmann, Punit Kohli
A new lithographic editing system with an ability to erase and rectify errors in microscale with real-time optical feedback is demonstrated. The erasing probe is a conically shaped hydrogel (tip size, ca. 500 nm) template-synthesized from track-etched conical glass wafers. The "nanosponge" hydrogel probe "erases" patterns by hydrating and absorbing molecules into a porous hydrogel matrix via diffusion analogous to a wet sponge. The presence of an interfacial liquid water layer between the hydrogel tip and the substrate during erasing enables frictionless, uninterrupted translation of the eraser on the substrate...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629304/board-of-pharmacy-practices-related-to-medication-errors-and-their-potential-impact-on-patient-safety
#15
Daniel D Degnan, John B Hertig, Michael J Peters, James G Stevenson
State boards of pharmacy are generally responsible for the governance of the practice of pharmacy. While the regulatory process and methods for accomplishing this task may vary by state, all boards of pharmacy must address medication errors committed by pharmacists. The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) has recommended that state boards of pharmacy implement best practices and enforcement actions that are aimed to promote patient safety and reduce medication errors. The current study was designed to identify and compare current corrective action practices among boards of pharmacy in response to medication errors...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627880/site-specific-fucosylation-analysis-identifying-glycoproteins-associated-with-aggressive-prostate-cancer-cell-lines-using-tandem-affinity-enrichments-of-intact-glycopeptides-followed-by-mass-spectrometry
#16
Jianliang Zhou, Weiming Yang, Yingwei Hu, Naseruddin Höti, Yang Liu, Punit Shah, Shisheng Sun, David Clark, Stefani Thomas, Hui Zhang
Fucosylation (Fuc) of glycoproteins plays an important role in regulating protein function and has been associated with the development of several cancer types including prostate cancer (Pca). Therefore, the research of Fuc glycoproteins has attracted increasing attention recently in the analytical field. Herein, a strategy based on lectin affinity enrichments of intact glycopeptides followed by mass spectrometry has been established to evaluate the specificities of various Fuc-binding lectins for glycosite-specific Fuc analysis of nonaggressive (NAG) and aggressive (AG) Pca cell lines...
July 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624665/protecting-the-public-an-investigation-of-midwives-perceptions-of-regulation-and-the-regulator
#17
Jacqueline Wier
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the perceptions of a group of midwifery registrants about the influence of regulation and the regulatory body, the Nursing and Midwifery Council, on the practice of midwives in the United Kingdom DESIGN: quantitative and qualitative research using an online survey and semi-structured interviews SETTING: The South East of England, which covers both urban and rural practice settings. PARTICIPANTS: (a) 132 (n=70%) midwives responded to the online survey, and (b) 20 midwives participated in the semi-structured interviews FINDINGS: midwives were generally supportive of the need to regulate practice; however, some participants had an uneasy relationship with the Nursing and Midwifery Council and claimed to practice defensively, due to a fear that they could be removed from the register, and believed the regulator to be remote and punitive...
June 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624195/fluorinated-nucleotide-modifications-modulate-allele-selectivity-of-snp-targeting-antisense-oligonucleotides
#18
Michael E Østergaard, Josh Nichols, Timothy A Dwight, Walt Lima, Michael E Jung, Eric E Swayze, Punit P Seth
Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) have the potential to discriminate between subtle RNA mismatches such as SNPs. Certain mismatches, however, allow ASOs to bind at physiological conditions and result in RNA cleavage mediated by RNase H. We showed that replacing DNA nucleotides in the gap region of an ASO with other chemical modification can improve allele selectivity. Herein, we systematically substitute every position in the gap region of an ASO targeting huntingtin gene (HTT) with fluorinated nucleotides...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617946/heterogeneity-in-perceptions-of-parenting-among-arab-refugee-adolescents-in-jordan
#19
Judith G Smetana, Ikhlas Ahmad
Heterogeneity in parenting was examined in 883 Arab refugee adolescents in Jordan (Mage  = 15.01 years, SD = 1.60). Latent profile analyses of five parenting dimensions rated separately for mothers and fathers yielded authoritative, authoritarian, indifferent, punitive, and for mothers, permissive profiles, with most mothers (60%) and fathers (66%) classified as authoritative. Parenting was more often authoritative for women than men and punitive (for fathers) or permissive (for mothers) of boys than girls...
June 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605946/design-and-characterization-of-a-phased-antenna-array-for-intact-breast-hyperthermia
#20
Sergio Curto, Aleix Garcia-Miquel, Minyoung Suh, Neus Vidal, Jose M Lopez-Villegas, Punit Prakash
PURPOSE: Currently available hyperthermia technology is not well suited to treating cancer malignancies in the intact breast. This study investigates a microwave applicator incorporating multiple patch antennas, with the goal of facilitating controllable power deposition profiles for treating lesions at diverse locations within the intact breast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3D-computational model was implemented to assess power deposition profiles with 915 MHz applicators incorporating a hemispheric groundplane and configurations of 2, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 antennas...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
keyword
keyword
26479
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"