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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331270/gastric-teratoma-presented-as-gastric-outlet-obstruction-and-melena-report-of-rare-case
#1
Punit K Srivastava, Richa Jaiman, Ajay N Gangopadhyay, Dinesh K Gupta
Gastric teratoma is a very rare tumor, accounting for less than 1 % of all teratomas in infants and children. Melena or upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding in newborns and infants is a rare event and is usually caused by a benign lesion. Gastric teratoma has been reported as a cause of gastrointestinal bleeding on a few occasions. As gastric teratomas generally present as a palpable abdominal mass, more aggressive solid masses of childhood must be excluded. We present intramural extension of gastric teratoma presented as symptom of gastric outlet obstruction and melena...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317127/two-pathways-to-self-forgiveness-a-hedonic-path-via-self-compassion-and-a-eudaimonic-path-via-the-reaffirmation-of-violated-values
#2
Lydia Woodyatt, Michael Wenzel, Matthew Ferber
Self-forgiveness is often measured as a hedonic end-state, as the presence of positive affect and the absence of negative affect towards the self following a wrongdoing. However, self-forgiveness is also referred to as a difficult process. Self-forgiveness as a process of accepting responsibility and working through one's wrongdoing is a substantially un-hedonic - it is likely to be uncomfortable and at times painful. In this study, we examine two pathways to self-forgiveness: a hedonic focused pathway (via self-compassion) and a eudaimonic pathway (via reaffirmation of transgressed values)...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281156/questionable-objectionable-or-criminal-public-opinion-on-data-fraud-and-selective-reporting-in-science
#3
Justin T Pickett, Sean Patrick Roche
Data fraud and selective reporting both present serious threats to the credibility of science. However, there remains considerable disagreement among scientists about how best to sanction data fraud, and about the ethicality of selective reporting. The public is arguably the largest stakeholder in the reproducibility of science; research is primarily paid for with public funds, and flawed science threatens the public's welfare. Members of the public are able to make meaningful judgments about the morality of different behaviors using moral intuitions...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274078/successful-management-of-the-masochistic-habit-in-a-child-with-santovuori-haltia-hagberg-disease-infantile-neuronal-ceriod-lipofuscinoses
#4
Laresh N Mistry, Shivayogi M Hugar, Vidyavathi H Patil, Punit Patel
Self-injurious behaviours are usually related to paediatric patients with mental retardation. The management of such patients is quiet challenging to the paediatric dentists because of the difficulty to communicate with such patients regarding their feelings verbally. Here, we present a case report of successful management of self-injurious behaviour in a child with Infantile Neuronal Ceriod Lipofuscinoses (INCL).
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269370/bed-based-instrumentation-for-unobtrusive-sleep-quality-assessment-in-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#5
Charles Carlson, Ahmad Suliman, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Shangxian Wang, Bala Natarajan, Steve Warren
The relationship between sleep quality and daytime wellness and performance in severely disabled, autistic children is not well understood. While polysomnography and, more recently, actigraphy serve as means to obtain sleep assessment data from neurotypical children and adults, these techniques are not well-suited to severely autistic children. This paper presents recent progress on a bed sensor suite that can unobtrusively track physiological and behavioral parameters used to assess sleep quality. Electromechanical films and load cells provide data that yield heart rate, respiration rate, center of position, in-and-out-of-bed activity, and general movement, while thermocouples are used to detect bed-wetting events...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268947/design-projects-motivated-and-informed-by-the-needs-of-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#6
Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen
Technology can positively impact the lives of severely disabled autistic children if used to (a) gather situational awareness data regarding their health, development, and behavior and (b) assist them with learning and day-to-day activities. This paper summarizes student design projects in the Kansas State University (KSU) College of Engineering that are motivated and informed by the needs of severely disabled children at Heartspring, Wichita, KS. These efforts are supported through the National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering (GARDE) program...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259650/can-we-make-cannabis-safer
#7
REVIEW
Amir Englund, Tom P Freeman, Robin M Murray, Philip McGuire
Cannabis use and related problems are on the rise globally alongside an increase in the potency of cannabis sold on both black and legal markets. Additionally, there has been a shift towards abandoning prohibition for a less punitive and more permissive legal stance on cannabis, such as decriminalisation and legalisation. It is therefore crucial that we explore new and innovative ways to reduce harm. Research has found cannabis with high concentrations of its main active ingredient, δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), to be more harmful (in terms of causing the main risks associated with cannabis use, such as addiction, psychosis, and cognitive impairment) than cannabis with lower concentrations of THC...
March 1, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258758/defining-reasonable-force-does-it-advance-child-protection
#8
Joan E Durrant, Barbara Fallon, Rachael Lefebvre, Kate Allan
Fifty-two countries have abolished all physical punishment of children, yet Canada has retained its criminal defense to 'reasonable' corrective force. In 2004, Canada's Supreme Court attempted to set limits on punitive acts that can be considered reasonable under the law. In the present study, we examined the validity of these limits. If the court's limits provide adequate protection to children, most substantiated child maltreatment cases should exceed those limits. We operationalized each limit and applied it to a provincially representative sample of substantiated child physical maltreatment cases...
February 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253435/detecting-membrane-protein-protein-interactions-using-the-mammalian-membrane-two-hybrid-mamth-assay
#9
Punit Saraon, Ingrid Grozavu, Sang Hyun Lim, Jamie Snider, Zhong Yao, Igor Stagljar
Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) play an integral role in numerous cellular processes. Membrane protein interactions, in particular, are critical in cellular responses to stresses and stimuli, with dysfunction of these PPIs (e.g., due to aberrant expression and/or mutation of interaction partners) leading to a diverse array of pathological states. Exploration of the interaction space and dynamics of membrane proteins is difficult due to the limitations of current techniques used to study proteins in the biochemically complex environment of biological membranes...
March 2, 2017: Current Protocols in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242999/metastatic-adenocarcinoma-and-raised-serum-ca-125-levels-looking-beyond-the-ovaries-with-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#10
Punit Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237956/status-of-patient-safety-culture-in-arab-countries-a-systematic-review
#11
Mustafa Elmontsri, Ahmed Almashrafi, Ricky Banarsee, Azeem Majeed
OBJECTIVES: To explore the status of patient safety culture in Arab countries based on the findings of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC). DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: We performed electronic searches of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, ProQuest and PsychINFO, Google Scholar and PubMed databases, with manual searches of bibliographies of included articles and key journals. We included studies that were conducted in the Arab countries that were focused on patient safety culture...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236357/psychometric-properties-of-the-alabama-parenting-questionnaire-adapted-to-families-of-chilean-preschoolers
#12
Félix Cova, Claudio Bustos, Paulina Rincón, David L Streiner, Pamela Grandón, Sandra Saldivia, Carolina Inostroza, Gisela Contreras
The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ) is a well-known tool to assess empirically identified aspects of positive and negative parenting practices. This study evaluates the psychometric properties of an adapted version of the APQ for its use with parents of children between 2 and 6 years of age in Chile. The participants were 557 parents of children aged 2 to 6 years. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that the best fit was obtained by a four-factor model (positive reinforcement, parental involvement, inconsistency of disciplinary practices, and punitive practices)...
March 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235525/iatrogenic-tracheal-laceration-in-the-setting-of-chronic-steroids
#13
Punit Singh, Margaret Wojnar, Anita Malhotra
We report the case of a 71-year-old woman with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who presented with a 10-cm tracheal laceration from a presumed traumatic intubation in the setting of respiratory distress and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and subsequently developed significant subcutaneous emphysema along her neck and mediastinum in addition to her peritoneum and mesentery. We were successfully able to treat this patient conservatively up until the time that tracheostomy was warranted...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230865/erbb4-signaling-stimulates-pro-inflammatory-macrophage-apoptosis-and-limits-colonic-inflammation
#14
Michael A Schumacher, Matija Hedl, Clara Abraham, Jessica K Bernard, Patricia R Lozano, Jonathan J Hsieh, Dana Almohazey, Edie B Bucar, Shivesh Punit, Peter J Dempsey, Mark R Frey
Efficient clearance of pro-inflammatory macrophages from tissues after resolution of a challenge is critical to prevent prolonged inflammation. Defects in clearance can contribute to conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, and thus may be therapeutically targetable. However, the signaling pathways that induce termination of pro-inflammatory macrophages are incompletely defined. We tested whether the ErbB4 receptor tyrosine kinase, previously not known to have role in macrophage biology, is involved in this process...
February 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227612/bed-based-instrumentation-for-unobtrusive-sleep-quality-assessment-in-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#15
Charles Carlson, Ahmad Suliman, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Shangxian Wang, Bala Natarajan, Steve Warren, Charles Carlson, Ahmad Suliman, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Shangxian Wang, Bala Natarajan, Steve Warren, Shangxian Wang, Punit Prakash, Bala Natarajan, David Thompson, Charles Carlson, Steve Warren, Ahmad Suliman
The relationship between sleep quality and daytime wellness and performance in severely disabled, autistic children is not well understood. While polysomnography and, more recently, actigraphy serve as means to obtain sleep assessment data from neurotypical children and adults, these techniques are not well-suited to severely autistic children. This paper presents recent progress on a bed sensor suite that can unobtrusively track physiological and behavioral parameters used to assess sleep quality. Electromechanical films and load cells provide data that yield heart rate, respiration rate, center of position, in-and-out-of-bed activity, and general movement, while thermocouples are used to detect bed-wetting events...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227153/design-projects-motivated-and-informed-by-the-needs-of-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#16
Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Janine Kesterson, Bala Natarajan, David Thompson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Kim Fowler, Jack Xin, Punit Prakash, Charles Carlson, Wayne Piersel
Technology can positively impact the lives of severely disabled autistic children if used to (a) gather situational awareness data regarding their health, development, and behavior and (b) assist them with learning and day-to-day activities. This paper summarizes student design projects in the Kansas State University (KSU) College of Engineering that are motivated and informed by the needs of severely disabled children at Heartspring, Wichita, KS. These efforts are supported through the National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering (GARDE) program...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219965/a-public-health-response-to-opioid-use-in-pregnancy
#17
Stephen W Patrick, Davida M Schiff
The use of opioids during pregnancy has grown rapidly in the past decade. As opioid use during pregnancy increased, so did complications from their use, including neonatal abstinence syndrome. Several state governments responded to this increase by prosecuting and incarcerating pregnant women with substance use disorders; however, this approach has no proven benefits for maternal or infant health and may lead to avoidance of prenatal care and a decreased willingness to engage in substance use disorder treatment programs...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216710/anaesthesia-for-emergency-caesarean-section-in-a-morbidly-obese-achondroplastic-patient-with-pih-feasibility-of-neuraxial-anaesthesia
#18
Ridhima Sharma, Rohan Magoon, Ripon Choudhary, Punit Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206830/medical-student-beliefs-about-disclosure-of-mental-health-issues-a-qualitative-study
#19
Peter Winter, Andrew Rix, Andrew Grant
In 2012 the United Kingdom's General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned research to develop guidance for medical schools on how best to support students with mental illness. One of the key findings from medical student focus groups in the study was students' strong belief that medical schools excluded students on mental health grounds. Students believed mental illness was a fitness to practice matter that led to eventual dismissal, although neither personal experience nor empirical evidence supported this belief...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198929/authoritarianism-and-punitive-eugenics-racial-hygiene-and-national-catholicism-during-francoism-1936-1945
#20
Ricardo Campos
This paper examines some of the main elements that shaped eugenic discourse and practices during the first decades of the Franco regime. It primarily addresses the ideological basis of racial hygiene stemming from Francoist medicine and psychiatry, examining its relationship with the concept of Spanishness (Hispanidad). It shows that Francoist eugenics had punitive and coercive aspects and outlines the role it played in the brutal repression unleashed against the regime's political enemies, constructing its anti-Spanish identity...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
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