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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526371/the-psychosocial-needs-of-adolescent-males-following-interpersonal-assault
#1
Rachel K Myers, Laura Vega, Alison J Culyba, Joel A Fein
PURPOSE: We examined the self-identified, postassault psychosocial needs of male adolescents to guide recovery and healing after being seen in an emergency department (ED) for a violence-related injury. METHODS: We analyzed deidentified data from 49 adolescent male adolescents who participated in a postdischarge case management program following a violence-related injury. Descriptive statistics summarized youths' demographic characteristics and self-identified needs and goals for postassault recovery...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525780/age-of-despair-or-age-of-hope-palestinian-women-s-perspectives-on-midlife-health
#2
Doaa Hammoudeh, Ernestina Coast, David Lewis, Yoke van der Meulen, Tiziana Leone, Rita Giacaman
There is limited evidence about women's experiences of the midlife, beyond a narrow - frequently biomedical - focus on the menopause. The broader (physical, social, cultural, political) dimensions of women's midlife health are poorly understood, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Our study seeks to understand how women in the West Bank (occupied Palestinian territories) conceptualise, experience and manage their health in the midlife. We generated qualitative evidence using in-depth life history interviews in 2015 with women (n = 35) living in the West Bank, analysed thematically...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525611/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-higher-level-functional-limitations-among-older-japanese-people-results-from-the-jages-study
#3
Airi Amemiya, Takeo Fujiwara, Hiroshi Murayama, Yukako Tani, Katsunori Kondo
Background.: A life-course perspective is essential in understanding the determinants of higher-level functional limitations. We examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on higher-level functional limitations in older people. Methods.: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study 2013, a population-based cohort of independent people aged 65 years or older across Japan (n = 19,220). ACEs before the age of 18 were assessed in terms of seven adversities: parental death, parental divorce, parental mental illness, family violence, physical abuse, psychological neglect, and psychological abuse...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#4
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521252/trauma-type-as-a-conditional-risk-factor-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-referred-clinic-sample-of-adolescents
#5
Jani Nöthling, Candice Simmons, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic experiences that are varied in type and severity may lead to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some trauma types present a higher conditional risk for PTSD owing to their nature and impact on growth and functioning. Few studies have investigated the conditional risk of PTSD in clinic referred adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the conditional risk for PTSD based on various trauma types (car accidents, other serious accidents, fires, witnessing a natural disaster, witnessing a violent crime, being confronted with traumatic news, witnessing domestic violence, physical abuse and sexual abuse) and to stratify risk by gender...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521204/numerical-simulations-of-mechanical-and-ignition-deflagration-responses-for-pbxs-under-low-to-medium-level-velocity-impact-loading
#6
Kun Yang, Yanqing Wu, Fenglei Huang, Ming Li
An effective computational model is required to accurately predict the dynamic responses in accidental initiations of explosives. The present work uses a series of two-dimensional mechanical-chemical simulations performed via a hydrodynamic-code, DREXH-2D, to efficiently describe the mechanical and ignition-deflagration responses of cased cylindrical polymer-bonded explosives (PBXs) undergoing a low-to-medium-level impact (70-350m/s) in longitudinal direction. The ignition response was predicted based on an ignition criterion of effective plastic work...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516856/dating-violence-perpetration-associations-with-early-maladaptive-schemas
#7
Ryan C Shorey, Catherine Strauss, Heather Zapor, Gregory L Stuart
Violence between dating couples is a serious and prevalent problem among college students (Shorey, Cornelius, & Bell, 2008). Social-cognitive theories of aggression (e.g., Berkowitz, 1990) propose that perpetrators may have more maladaptive cognitive schemas that increase risk for aggression than non-perpetrators. Thus, this study examined differences between perpetrators and non-perpetrators of dating violence on early maladaptive schemas, which are rigidly held cognitive and behavioral patterns that guide how individuals encode and respond to stimuli in their environments (Young, Klosko, & Weishaar, 2003)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516837/help-seeking-behavior-among-moroccan-romanian-and-ecuadorian-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-in-spain
#8
Carmen Vives-Cases, Daniel La Parra
This study aims to identify different types of response to intimate partner violence (IPV) and help-related seeking behavior among Spain's most numerous immigrant groups- Moroccans, Romanians, and Ecuadorians. Women reporting physical, sexual and/or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner (n = 194) were selected from a cross-sectional study based on 1,607 surveys (2011). There are 84% of surveyed battered women who reported seeking help through informal and/or formal channels. The most frequently reported informal help-seeking behavior was talking with the abusive partner (from 63% to 83%)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516831/an-exploration-of-the-mediators-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Elizabeth J Smyth, Frank L Gardner, Donald R Marks, Zella E Moore
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with numerous long-term consequences and warrants significant clinical attention. Recent theoretical models and empirical research have suggested that several factors play a role in the development of IPV perpetration, including childhood maltreatment, early maladaptive schemas, anger, and difficulties in emotion regulation. This study investigated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and IPV, specifically examining the mediation of this relationship by several variables thought to be related to this pernicious problem, including early maladaptive schemas, the experience of anger, and emotion regulation difficulties...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505501/cognitive-affective-depression-and-somatic-symptoms-clusters-are-differentially-associated-with-maternal-parenting-and-coparenting
#10
Diogo Lamela, Inês Jongenelen, Ana Morais, Bárbara Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Both depressive and somatic symptoms are significant predictors of parenting and coparenting problems. However, despite clear evidence of their co-occurrence, no study to date has examined the association between depressive-somatic symptoms clusters and parenting and coparenting. The current research sought to identify and cross-validate clusters of cognitive-affective depressive symptoms and nonspecific somatic symptoms, as well as to test whether clusters would differ on parenting and coparenting problems across three independent samples of mothers...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#11
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503060/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-parent-child-interaction-therapy-with-victims-of-domestic-violence-a-pilot-study
#12
Amy D Herschell, Ashley B Scudder, Kristen F Schaffner, Leslie A Slagel
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based treatment for young children (aged 2.5 to 7 years) with externalizing behavior problems. Since its development, PCIT has been applied to a wide array of childhood problems and has a significant evidence base for families with histories of child physical abuse. The current study extended the existing literature by testing the effectiveness and feasibility of PCIT in an urban domestic violence shelter with community-based clinicians delivering the treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502578/evaluation-of-the-expect-respect-support-group-program-a-violence-prevention-strategy-for-youth-exposed-to-violence
#13
Dennis E Reidy, Kristin M Holland, Kai Cortina, Barbara Ball, Barri Rosenbluth
In the present study, we assess the effects of the Expect Respect Support Groups (ERSG) on frequency of teen dating violence (TDV) and general youth violence. ERSG is a school-based violence prevention program for youth who have been exposed to violence in their home, school, or community. Boys and girls (N=1,678, Mage=14.3, S.D.=1.7, Range=11-17) from 36 schools in Texas participated in this accelerated longitudinal (7-year trajectory) study beginning in 2011. Latent growth curve analyses were conducted using three waves of data from three cross-sectional cohorts of adolescents...
May 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501717/assisting-asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-global-forced-displacement-five%C3%A2-clinical-cases
#14
Katherine C McKenzie, Arielle Thomas
According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, over 65 million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2015. Many physicians express an interest in human rights and a desire to assist this group of refugees and asylum seekers. Physicians are able to use their unique skills by performing medical forensic evaluations of individuals seeking asylum. Some asylum seekers have psychological or physical scars or functional abnormalities relating to injuries or ill-treatment they experience due to persecution...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501019/towards-a-feminist-understanding-of-intersecting-violence-against-women-and-children-in-the-family
#15
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Kathleen O'Hara, Janet Nakuti, Paul Bukuluki, Julius Lwanyaaga, Sylvia Namakula, Barbrah Nanyunja, Milton L Wainberg, Dipak Naker, Lori Michau
While intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and violence against children (VAC) have emerged as distinct fields of research and programming, a growing number of studies demonstrate the extent to which these forms of violence overlap in the same households. However, existing knowledge of how and why such co-occurrence takes place is limited, particularly in the Global South. The current study aims to advance empirical and conceptual understanding of intersecting IPV and VAC within families in order to inform potential programming...
April 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500879/role-of-forensic-medicine-in-evaluating-non-fatal-physical-violence-against-women-by-their-husbands-in-jordan
#16
Hasan Abedr-Rahman, Hafsah Omar Salameh, Rakiz J Salameh, Laith I Alabdallat, Imad M Al-Abdallat
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence against women is a major health problem in most nations, but to date, there has been little awareness of the extent or seriousness of this issue in Jordan. Forensic medical practitioners play a significant role in diagnosing, evaluating and reporting these cases. The Jordanian judicial system is dependent on forensic reports. This study aims to assess the role of forensic medicine in evaluating the physical injuries sustained by women who are abused by their husbands...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499409/in-your-face-the-biased-judgement-of-fear-anger-expressions-in-violent-offenders
#17
Martin Wegrzyn, Sina Westphal, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: Why is it that certain violent criminals repeatedly find themselves engaged in brawls? Many inmates report having felt provoked or threatened by their victims, which might be due to a tendency to ascribe malicious intentions when faced with ambiguous social signals, termed hostile attribution bias. METHODS: The present study presented morphed fear-anger faces to prison inmates with a history of violent crimes, a history of child sexual abuse, and to matched controls form the general population...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498865/when-do-traumatic-experiences-alter-risk-taking-behavior-a-machine-learning-analysis-of-reports-from-refugees
#18
Mareike Augsburger, Thomas Elbert
Exposure to traumatic stressors and subsequent trauma-related mental changes may alter a person's risk-taking behavior. It is unclear whether this relationship depends on the specific types of traumatic experiences. Moreover, the association has never been tested in displaced individuals with substantial levels of traumatic experiences. The present study assessed risk-taking behavior in 56 displaced individuals by means of the balloon analogue risk task (BART). Exposure to traumatic events, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression were assessed by means of semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498730/exploring-the-association-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-maternal-health-and-child-behavior-following-intimate-partner-violence
#19
Nina Fredland, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, John Maddoux
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been empirically linked to a host of negative health outcomes, both physical and psychosocial. Exposures to ACEs make individuals more susceptible to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, and depression. Many of these conditions do not appear until sometime in adolescence or adulthood and have been linked to premature death. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between the number and type of exposure to ACEs in women (mothers) who experienced intimate partner violence and health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494414/relationship-violence-victimization-and-binge-drinking-trajectories-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#20
Kate Walsh, Angela M Moreland, Rochelle F Hanson, Heidi S Resnick, Benjamin E Saunders, Dean G Kilpatrick
The present study evaluated the impact of relationship violence (RV) victimization on the longitudinal trajectory of binge drinking (BD) among 3614 US adolescents (51.2% male) who participated in an initial telephone interview regarding physical and sexual RV victimization and binge drinking. Two follow-up phone interviews were completed over approximately three years. Multilevel modeling revealed small, but significant, increases in BD over time; older adolescents and those who had ever experienced RV victimization were more likely to report BD at Wave 1 compared to younger adolescents and non-victims...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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