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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667036/understanding-men-s-self-reported-sexual-interest-in-children
#1
Sandy K Wurtele, Dominique A Simons, Leah J Parker
A few studies have found that even in the general population, a minority of adults-men as well as women-report some sexual interest in a young age group. The purpose of the present study was to identify factors associated with self-reported sexual interest in children among a community-based sample of men. Using an online survey methodology, we examined the extent to which different types of childhood adversities (witnessing parental violence, sexual, physical, and emotional abuse), atypical childhood sexual experiences, and participants' self-reported likelihood of engaging in a variety of sexual behaviors (heightened sexual interest) were related to sexual interest in children (SIC) reported by a non-forensic/non-clinical sample of 173 men...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665506/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-parenting-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Antonia E Chiesa, Leigh Kallechey, Nicole Harlaar, C Rashaan Ford, Edward F Garrido, William R Betts, Sabine Maguire
Early studies examining parenting in the setting of intimate partner violence (IPV) often focus on abuse by the IPV perpetrator or effects of long term exposure. This review addresses how intimate partner violence impacts victim parenting. Seven databases were searched for the time period 1970-2015. Included were comparative studies involving children 11 years or younger. Quality ranking was based on: confirmation of victim status, consideration of co-perpetration, heterogeneity of the population, and standardization of measurements...
April 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663846/childhood-trauma-and-dissociative-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Aliya R Webermann, Christopher M Murphy
The present study assesses childhood abuse/neglect as a predictor of dissociative intimate partner violence (IPV) among 118 partner-abusive men. One third (36%) endorsed dissociative IPV, most commonly losing control (18%), surroundings seeming unreal (16%), feeling someone other than oneself is aggressing (16%), and seeing oneself from a distance aggressing (10%). Childhood physical abuse/neglect predicted IPV-specific derealization/depersonalization, aggressive self-states, and flashbacks to past violence...
April 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662254/cooperative-decision-making-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-peru
#4
Joseph Svec, Tanja Andic
Using the continuous Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2012) for Peru, we employ multinomial logistic regression estimates to assess risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Using empowerment and gender frameworks for IPV, we find that women making more household decisions jointly are less likely to experience physical violence. We also find that education is negatively associated with IPV, unless a woman's attainment exceeds her partner's. Although women earning more than their partners are more likely to experience violence, joint decision-makers have a lower risk of moderate physical violence even when their status exceeds that of a male partner...
March 2018: Population and Development Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658766/-why-do-victims-become-perpetrators-intergenerational-transmission-of-parental-violence-in-a-representative-german-sample
#5
Deborah F Hellmann, Anja Stiller, Christoffer Glaubitz, Sören Kliem
Child maltreatment can severely impair children's emotional and physical well-being as well as their individual development across the life span. In 2011, the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (Germany), conducted a nationally representative victim survey on diverse forms of victimizations (N = 11,428). Among other things, experienced and exerted parental violence as well as participants' knowledge regarding the abolition of the parental right of corporal punishment were assessed. Apart from providing current estimates of the prevalence of experienced and exerted parental violence in Germany, we identified specific risk markers for the intergenerational transmission of parental violence...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657562/mental-health-disorder-therapeutic-modalities-modified-for-the-gms
#6
REVIEW
Tipsuda Sumneangsanor, Sararud Vuthiarpa, Chomchueun Somprasert
Background: Mental health disorders can affect physical and psychological behaviors. The people of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have a high risk of mental health disorders, such as depression, stress, and substance abuse be-cause the people in this region are trafficked for forced sex work and various forms of forced labor. In these situations, vic-tims often endure violence and abuse from trafficking recruiters, employers, and other individuals. The purposes of this study were to identify the elements characterizing mental health disorders, especially in terms of depression, stress, and sub-stance abuse, and to identify the treatment modalities for mental health disorders in the GMS...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651923/identification-of-domestic-violence-service-needs-among-child-welfare-involved-parents-with-substance-use-disorders-a-gender-stratified-analysis
#7
Bryan G Victor, Stella M Resko, Joseph P Ryan, Brian E Perron
The current study examined the prevalence and associations of a need for domestic violence services among child welfare-involved mothers and fathers with substance use disorders. Data were drawn from 2,231 child welfare-involved parents in Illinois with an identified substance use disorder. Approximately 42% of mothers and 33% of fathers with a substance use disorder had a concurrent need for domestic violence services. The sample was stratified by gender and logistic regression models were fit to determine the adjusted odds of an identified need for domestic violence services...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651922/prior-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-associated-with-less-hiv-testing-among-young-women
#8
Yukiko Washio, Elizabeth Novack Wright, Annet Davis-Vogel, Jesse Chittams, Claire Anagnostopulos, Linda M Kilby, Anne M Teitelman
Low-income minority women are disproportionately represented among those living with HIV in the United States. They are also at risk for the SAVA (substance abuse, violence, and HIV/AIDS) syndemic issues. Women who have recently given birth are at high risk for substance use and intimate partner violence (IPV), and HIV testing is not routinely administered during the postpartum visit. We explored the relationship between substance use, IPV, and HIV testing among low-income young adult women attending Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), a federally supported nutrition program...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651920/systemic-factors-associated-with-prosocial-skills-and-maladaptive-functioning-in-youth-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Kathryn H Howell, Idia B Thurston, Amanda J Hasselle, Kristina Decker, Lacy E Jamison
Children are frequently present in homes in which intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs. Following exposure to IPV, children may develop behavioral health difficulties, struggle with regulating emotions, or exhibit aggression. Despite the negative outcomes associated with witnessing IPV, many children also display resilience. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, this study examined person-level, process-level (microsystem), and context-level (mesosystem) factors associated with positive and negative functioning among youth exposed to IPV...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651620/mental-health-problems-and-their-association-to-violence-and-maltreatment-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-tanzanian-secondary-school-students
#10
Mabula Nkuba, Katharin Hermenau, Katharina Goessmann, Tobias Hecker
PURPOSE: Little is known about the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa. Research consistently determined violence and maltreatment to be important risk factors. In this study, we examined the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in Tanzania, as well as the association with exposure to violence and maltreatment. METHODS: We administered a set of questionnaires (e.g., strength and difficulties questionnaire; conflict tactic scale) to a nationally representative sample of 700 Tanzanian secondary school children (52% girls; age 14...
April 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650182/workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-indonesian-emergency-departments
#11
Anggri Noorana Zahra, Jui-Ying Feng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the experiences of violent incidents by nurses in Indonesian emergency departments. METHOD: The World Health Organization's structured questionnaire on workplace violence in the health sector was modified and translated into Bahasa. The study participants were 169 nurses working in emergency departments in six hospitals in Jakarta and Bekasi, Indonesia. The gathered data were analyzed using descriptive and multivariate logistic regression...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649966/a-systematic-review-of-intimate-partner-violence-interventions-state-of-the-field-and-implications-for-practitioners
#12
Nicole Trabold, James McMahon, Shannon Alsobrooks, Staci Whitney, Mona Mittal
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is a global public health issue and has serious consequences of women's health. While scholars and researchers have made some progress in addressing IPV and its impact across different levels of care, there is a paucity of intervention research in this area. For example, we know little about which intervention models work best for particular groups of IPV survivors. Previous reviews have concluded there is insufficient evidence to recommend specific treatment options for victims, but they have also been limited in scope of target populations or have employed narrow eligibility criteria...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649074/parental-bereavement-in-young-children-living-in-south-africa-and-malawi-understanding-mental-health
#13
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649022/effectiveness-of-chinese-martial-arts-and-philosophy-to-reduce-reactive-and-proactive-aggression-in-schoolchildren
#14
Annis Lai Chu Fung, Toney Ka Hung Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effectiveness of Chinese martial arts in reducing reactive and proactive aggressive behavior among schoolchildren with a cluster-randomized trial. METHODS: A screening questionnaire was completed by 3511 schoolchildren of Grades 2 to 5 from 13 sites in Hong Kong. We shortlisted 298 children who scored z ≥ 1 on the total score of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire in their respective sites to participate in the experiment...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648853/individualized-motivational-plans-in-batterer-intervention-programs-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Marisol Lila, Enrique Gracia, Alba Catalá-Miñana
OBJECTIVE: Treatment compliance and motivation to change are among the main challenges to improving batterer intervention program (BIP) effectiveness. This study examined whether adding an individualized motivational plan (IMP) to a standard BIP (SBIP) increased intervention effectiveness relative to BIP alone. METHOD: One hundred sixty males convicted of intimate partner violence were randomly assigned to receive 70 hr of either SBIP or SBIP plus IMP. The IMP is based on motivational interviewing, stages of change, and strength-based theory principles...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644987/preventing-and-managing-workplace-violence-against-healthcare-workers-in-emergency-departments
#16
Gabriele D'Ettorre, Vincenza Pellicani, Mauro Mazzotta, Annamaria Vullo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Healthcare workers (HCWs) employed in Emergency Departments (EDs) frequently face with patients becoming violent because of long wait or diseases or under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Globally, workplace violence (WPV) in EDs is a major challenge to safety for HCWs, involving significant consequences to the victims, patients, and healthcare organizations. We reviewed the current literature with the aim to explore the topics focused on and to detect new evidences about approaching the issue of WPV toward HCWs in EDs...
February 21, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642769/themes-of-healing-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-women-survivors-narratives-of-intimate-partner-violence
#17
Cassandra D'Amore, Stephanie L Martin, Karen Wood, Carolyn Brooks
Research on the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women demonstrates the significant physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual consequences of this form of interpersonal trauma. It is well documented that experiencing IPV can have devastating consequences to women's physical and mental health, overall well-being, and quality of life, as well as that of their children's. However, a small, predominantly qualitative body of research exists on women's experience of and capacity for healing from the effects of IPV, but more research is needed to advance theory and practice in this important area...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642767/the-role-of-social-support-on-depression-among-vulnerable-caregivers-reporting-bidirectional-physical-violence
#18
Leigh E Ridings, Lana O Beasley, Som Bohora, Hannah C Espeleta, Jane F Silovsky
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health concern found across genders, socioeconomic strata, cultures, and ethnicities. While IPV is traditionally examined from either the victim or initiator role, it is also important to consider relationships in which both partners experience and demonstrate violence. The current study examined the relation between IPV chronicity and depression among 403 female caregivers with young children. Specifically, the current study examined the association between bidirectional IPV and depression...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629508/contextual-risk-profiles-and-trajectories-of-adolescent-dating-violence-perpetration
#19
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, Nathan Markiewitz, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Social ecological and developmental system perspectives suggest that interactions among factors within and across multiple contexts (e.g., neighborhood, peer, family) must be considered in explaining dating violence perpetration. Yet, to date, most extant research on dating violence has focused on individual, rather than contextual predictors, and used variable-centered approaches that fail to capture the configurations of factors that may jointly explain involvement in dating violence. The current study used a person-centered approach, latent profile analysis, to identify key configurations (or profiles) of contextual risk and protective factors for dating violence perpetration across the neighborhood, school, friend and family contexts...
April 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627912/violent-behaviors-weapon-carrying-and-firearm-homicide-trends-in-african-american-adolescents-2001-2015
#20
Jagdish Khubchandani, James H Price
African American youths have the highest risk for firearm and other weapon related homicides. This study utilized the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys from 2001 to 2015 to assess trends in violence related behaviors and weapon carrying of African American adolescents. Our analyses found statistically significant reductions in physical fighting and weapon carrying among African American male adolescents from 2007 to 2015. Planning suicide increased in both male and female African American adolescents since 2007...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
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