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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812169/bond-strength-of-etch-and-rinse-and-self-etch-adhesive-systems-to-enamel-and-dentin-irradiated-with-a-novel-co2-9-3%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-short-pulsed-laser-for-dental-restorative-procedures
#1
Peter Rechmann, N Bartolome, R Kinsel, R Vaderhobli, B M T Rechmann
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of CO2 9.3 μm short-pulsed laser irradiation on the shear bond strength of composite resin to enamel and dentin. Two hundred enamel and 210 dentin samples were irradiated with a 9.3 µm carbon dioxide laser (Solea, Convergent Dental, Inc., Natick, MA) with energies which either enhanced caries resistance or were effective for ablation. OptiBond Solo Plus [OptiBondTE] (Kerr Corporation, Orange, CA) and Peak Universal Bond light-cured adhesive [PeakTE] (Ultradent Products, South Jordan, UT) were used...
August 15, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810824/laparoscopic-donor-nephrectomy-early-experience-at-a-single-center-in-pakistan
#2
Rehan Mohsin, Asad Shehzad, Uspal Bajracharya, Bux Ali, Tahir Aziz, Muhammed Mubarak, Altaf Hashmi, Adibul Hasan Rizvi
OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy has become the criterion standard for kidney retrieval from living donors. There is no information on the experience and outcomes of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in Pakistan. The objective of the study was to identify benefits and harms of using laparoscopic compared with open nephrectomy techniques for renal allograft retrieval. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this a retrospective study, patient files from May 2014 to September 2015 were analyzed...
August 13, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806649/firm-performance-and-the-role-of-environmental-management
#3
Tommy Lundgren, Wenchao Zhou
This paper analyzes the interactions between three dimensions of firm performance - productivity, energy efficiency, and environmental performance - and especially sheds light on the role of environmental management. In this context, environmental management is investments to reduce environmental impact, which may also affect firm competitiveness, in terms of change in productivity, and spur more (or less) efficient use of energy. We apply data envelopment analysis (DEA) technique to calculate the Malmquist firm performance indexes, and a panel vector auto-regression (VAR) methodology is utilized to investigate the dynamic and causal relationship between the three dimensions of firm performance and environmental investment...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802721/comparison-of-commercially-available-preservatives-for-maintaining-the-integrity-of-bacterial-dna-in-human-milk
#4
Kimberly A Lackey, Janet E Williams, William J Price, Janae M Carrothers, Sarah L Brooker, Bahman Shafii, Mark A McGuire, Michelle K McGuire
BACKGROUND: Inhibiting changes to bacteria in human milk between sample collection and analysis is necessary for unbiased characterization of the milk microbiome. Although cold storage is considered optimal, alternative preservation is sometimes necessary. RESEARCH AIM/QUESTION: The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of several commercially-available preservatives with regard to maintaining bacterial DNA in human milk for delayed microbiome analysis...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801937/in-situ-split-liver-splitting-under-extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-brain-dead-donor
#5
Assalino Michela, Pietro Majno, Christian Toso, Thierry Berney, Raphaël Giraud, Philipp Dutkowski, Axel Andres, Barbara Wildhaber, Laure Elkrief
Hemodynamic instability is generally considered as a contraindication to liver splitting, in particular when using an in-situ technique. We describe the cases of two young donors with brain death in whom refractory cardiac arrest and hemodynamic instability were supported by veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO), allowing uneventful in situ splitting. Two adult and two pediatric liver recipients were successfully transplanted with immediate graft function. Favorable outcomes were also observed for the other transplanted organs, including one heart, two lungs and four kidneys...
August 12, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798502/reducing-the-environmental-impact-of-clinical-laboratories
#6
Joseph B Lopez, David Jackson, Alistair Gammie, Tony Badrick
Healthcare is a significant contributor to environmental impact but this has received little attention. The typical laboratory uses far more energy and water per unit area than the typical office building. There is a need to sensitise laboratories to the importance of adopting good environmental practices. Since this comes at an initial cost, it is vital to obtain senior management support. Convincing management of the various tangible and intangible benefits that can accrue in the long run should help achieve this support...
February 2017: Clinical Biochemist. Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795966/the-coagulation-profile-of-end-stage-liver-disease-and-considerations-for-intraoperative-management
#7
Katherine T Forkin, Douglas A Colquhoun, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
The coagulopathy of end-stage liver disease results from a complex derangement in both anticoagulant and procoagulant processes. With even minor insults, cirrhotic patients experience either inappropriate bleeding or clotting, or even both simultaneously. The various phases of liver transplantation along with fluid and blood product administration may contribute to additional disturbances in coagulation. Thus, anesthetic management of patients undergoing liver transplantation to improve hemostasis and avoid inappropriate thrombosis in the perioperative environment can be challenging...
August 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794868/feasibility-and-safety-of-surgical-wound-remote-follow-up-by-smart-phone-in-appendectomy-a-pilot-study
#8
Juan José Segura-Sampedro, Inés Rivero-Belenchón, Verónica Pino-Díaz, María Cristina Rodríguez Sánchez, Felipe Pareja-Ciuró, Javier Padillo-Ruiz, Rosa María Jimenez-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the present study is to assess the safety and feasibility of the use of telemedicine-based services for surgical wound care and to measure patient satisfaction with telemedicine-based follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 24 patients were included, they were provided with a corporate mail address. On day 7 after surgery patients sent, via email, an image of their surgical wound together with a completed questionnaire in order to obtain an early diagnosis...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794595/prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-after-extra-corporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-15-years-follow-up
#9
Fahimeh Kazemi Rashed, Nader Rash Ahmadi, Ali Zolfaghari, Alireza Farshi, Mohsen Amjadi, Mahboobeh Gholipour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) increases the risk of new onset diabetes mellitus (DM) or significant changes in fasting blood sugar (FBS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total number of 307 patients enrolled in this study. All of them had undergone ESWL for kidney stone from 1991 to 1994. In 2009, after 15-19 years, we invited patients to check their blood sugar. RESULTS: There were 307 patients, 19...
July 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793371/la-cascada-declaration
#10
REVIEW
Lois Cohen, Gunnar Dahlen, Alfonso Escobar, Ole Fejerskov, Newell W Johnson, Firoze Manji
We are a group of senior scientists-researchers, academics and intellectuals-from various parts of the world, with over 250 years' combined experience of working to improve the oral health of communities. The group is entirely independent of any institution, government body or corporate entity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 9, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792996/-the-legacy-of-cabanis-a-hypothesis-on-the-roots-of-medical-education-in-brazil
#11
Naomar Almeida-Filho
Georges Cabanis was a reformer of clinical practice and medical education who laid the conceptual foundations during the French Revolution for the development of education in France over the course of the 19th century. The model, in turn, marked the organization of educational systems in many Latin American countries. The objective of this article is to present and justify a hypothesis: the model of medical education still hegemonic in Brazil is still based upon the Cabanisian reform, holding a linear and Cartesian conceptual perspective, with a discipline-based curriculum, traditional teaching formats, and submission to corporate professional logic...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790275/-management-of-acute-type-a-dissection-complicated-with-acute-mesenteric-ischemia
#12
Tomonobu Abe, Akihiko Usui
Acute mesenteric ischemia as malperfusion syndrome associated with acute aortic dissection is a difficult situation. The incidence is approximately 3~4% in acute type A dissection. Traditionally, most of these patients underwent immediate simple central aortic repair expecting that mesenteric artery obstruction and intestinal ischemia would be resolved by simple central aortic repair. However, short term mortality has been reported very high in this strategy. With the aid of rapidly progressing imaging techniques and newer endovascular repair techniques, results seem to be improving in recent years...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771132/extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-associated-infections-implication-of-extra-intestinal-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-clones
#13
Jonathan Messika, Olivier Clermont, Luce Landraud, Matthieu Schmidt, Alexandra Aubry, Wladimir Sougakoff, Romain Fernandes, Alain Combes, Erick Denamur, Jean-Damien Ricard
Extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a promising life-saving technique for critically ill patients. Bacterial infection is a frequent complication, and Escherichia coli the predominant causative pathogen, but little is known about the characteristics of E. coli strains in these infections. We therefore conducted a retrospective study of 33 E. coli strains responsible for 33 ECMO-related infections, in 30 subjects. Antimicrobial susceptibility, phylotyping, O-typing, clonal relatedness determination and the screening for four virulence factor genes were conducted...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770429/impact-of-urbanization-coupled-with-drought-situations-on-groundwater-quality-in-shallow-basalt-and-deeper-granite-aquifers-with-special-reference-to-fluoride-in-nanded-waghala-municipal-corporation-nanded-district-maharashtra-india
#14
Madhnure Pandith, R D Kaplay, S S Potdar, H Sangnor, A D Rao
Rapid expansion in urbanization and industrialization coupled with recent drought conditions has triggered unplanned groundwater development leading to severe stress on groundwater resources in many urban cities of India, particularly cities like Nanded, Maharashtra. In the quest of tapping drinking water requirement, due to recent drought conditions, people from the city are piercing through entire thickness of shallow basalt aquifers to reach productive deeper granite aquifers. Earlier reports from Nanded and surrounding districts suggest that deeper granite aquifer is contaminated with fluoride (geogenic)...
September 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770279/-treatment-of-an-uncommon-case-of-a-cardiogenic-shock-simultaneous-use-of-a-va-ecmo-and-an-impella-cp%C3%A2
#15
H Haake, K Grün-Himmelmann, U Kania, F Trudzinski, P M Lepper, J Vom Dahl
We report the case of a 48-year old woman where probably the intramuscular administration of glucocorticoids by an orthopedist induced a pheochromocytoma crisis. The development of a cardiogenic shock with a cardiac arrest made the use of a venoarterial extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO, Cardiohelp®, Maquet, Rastatt) necessary. To treat a pulmonary edema under VA-ECMO an Impella-CP® (Abiomed, Aachen) was implanted. A coronary angiography, endomyocardial biopsies and a computer tomography were performed...
August 2, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767962/cyber-dating-abuse-in-affective-and-sexual-relationships-a-literature-review
#16
Roberta Matassoli Duran Flach, Suely Ferreira Deslandes
Cyber culture with its related e-commerce, expanded since the 2000s through the advent of social network platforms, incites participants to engage in hyper-exposure and spectacularization of their private lives, with inherent consequences for personal image and privacy, publicizing private matters (especially those pertaining to sexuality and corporality) in the digital media. This raises the need to understand how the phenomenon of cyber dating abuse in affective and sexual relationships is conceptualized and characterized in scientific studies, which health problems are associated with it, and which social technologies are suggested for intervention...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767774/factors-associated-with-malnutrition-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#17
Gabriela Cristofoli Barni, Gabriele Carra Forte, Luis Felipe Forgiarini, Claudine Lacerda de Oliveira Abrahão, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin
Objective: To determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients attending an adult cystic fibrosis (CF) program and to investigate the associations of malnutrition with the clinical characteristics of those patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving patients with clinically stable CF patients (16 years of age or older). The patients underwent clinical assessment, nutritional assessments, pulmonary function tests, and pancreatic function assessment...
July 31, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759267/the-infernal-alternatives-of-corporate-pharmaceutical-research-abandoning-psychiatry
#18
Joseph Dumit
What happens when health research is measured by market size, how does this change the dynamics of medical research, and how is it growth envisioned and managed? Building on my arguments in Drugs for Life: How Pharmaceutical Companies Define our Health, which focused primarily on the development and marketing of mass medications for heart disease, in this article I examine the market dynamics that are used to drive research into and out of psychiatric and other neuromedicines, such as the closing of mental health research at most major pharmaceutical companies...
July 31, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758882/attitude-towards-gender-roles-and-violence-against-women-and-girls-vawg-baseline-findings-from-an-rct-of-1752-youths-in-pakistan
#19
Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M A Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is driven by gender norms that normalize and justify gender inequality and violence. Gender norms are substantially shaped during adolescence. Programs offered through schools offer an opportunity to influence gender attitudes toward gender equity if we understand these to be partly shaped by peers and the school environment. OBJECTIVE: We present an analysis of the baseline research conducted for a randomized controlled trial with 1752 grade 6 boys and girls and their attitudes toward gender roles, VAWG, and associated factors...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758054/instance-search-retrospective-with-focus-on-trecvid
#20
George Awad, Wessel Kraaij, Paul Over, Shin'ichi Satoh
This paper presents an overview of the Video Instance Search benchmark which was run over a period of 6 years (2010-2015) as part of the TREC Video Retrieval (TRECVID) workshop series. The main contributions of the paper include i) an examination of the evolving design of the evaluation framework and its components (system tasks, data, measures); ii) an analysis of the influence of topic characteristics (such as rigid/non rigid, planar/non-planar, stationary/mobile on performance; iii) a high-level overview of results and best-performing approaches...
March 2017: International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval
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