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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222382/corporeal-illusions-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injuries
#1
Michele Scandola, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Renato Avesani, Gianettore Bertagnoni, Anna Marangoni, Valentina Moro
While several studies have investigated corporeal illusions in patients who have suffered from a stroke or undergone an amputation, only anecdotal or single case reports have explored this phenomenon after spinal cord injury. Here we examine various different types of bodily misperceptions in a comparatively large group of 49 people with spinal cord injury in the post-acute and chronic phases after the traumatic lesion onset. An extensive battery of questionnaires concerning a variety of body related feelings was administered and the results were correlated to the main clinical variables...
February 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222235/visual-appearance-of-a-virtual-upper-limb-modulates-the-temperature-of-the-real-hand-a-thermal-imaging-study-in-immersive-virtual-reality
#2
G Tieri, A Gioia, M Scandola, E F Pavone, S M Aglioti
To explore the link between Sense of Embodiment (SoE) over a virtual hand and physiological regulation of skin temperature, twenty-four healthy participants were immersed in virtual reality through a Head Mounted Display and had their real limb temperature recorded by means of a high-sensitivity infrared camera. Participants observed a virtual right upper limb (appearing either normally, or with the hand detached from the forearm) or limb-shaped non-corporeal control objects (continuous or discontinuous wooden blocks) from a first-person perspective...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221201/influence-of-fraction-of-inspired-oxygen-on-noninvasive-hemoglobin-measurement-parallel-assessment-of-2-monitors
#3
Etienne Gayat, Nicolas Imbert, Ariane Roujansky, Léa Lemasle, Marc Fischler
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have brought specific attention to the relationship between oxygenation of the patient and the accuracy of noninvasive measurement of hemoglobin (Hb) using an optical sensor. This study aimed to assess prospectively the relationship between fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) and the bias of the measurement of Hb by the use of 2 different noninvasive monitors compared with the classic invasive technique. METHODS: Forty-four patients were included prospectively...
February 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221050/young-children-s-understanding-of-the-limits-and-benefits-of-group-ownership
#4
Michelle Huh, Ori Friedman
Group ownership is ubiquitous-property is owned by countries, corporations, families, and clubs. However, people cannot understand group ownership by simply relying on their conceptions of ownership by individuals, as group ownership is subject to complexities that do not arise when property is individually owned. We report 6 experiments investigating whether children ages 3 to 6 (N = 540) understand group ownership. In Experiments 1 and 2 children were asked who different objects belong to, and they appropriately judged that certain objects are more likely to belong to a group than to individual people...
February 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220682/the-treadmill-of-production-and-the-positional-economy-of-consumption
#5
Dean Curran
The theory of the treadmill of production highlights how the constant search for economic growth leads to advanced economies being stuck on a "treadmill," where their well-being is not improved by economic growth, yet the impacts of this pursuit of growth causes massive, unsustainable environmental damages. In interrogating the specific driving force that keeps the irrational system of the treadmill so powerfully in place, the theory of the treadmill of production focuses on how those who control the production process, corporations, are the primary agents driving the treadmill, while also highlighting how the state and workers generally continue to provide support for the treadmill's continued reproduction...
February 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220679/the-lac-m%C3%A3-gantic-derailment-corporate-regulation-and-neoliberal-sovereignty
#6
David Tyler Dunford
On July 6, 2013, Montreal, Maine, and Atlantic railcar 5017 hauling 72 tanker cars of Bakken crude oil derailed over the town of Lac-Mégantic, Quebec. The town erupted in a fiery inferno as 5,560,000 liters of highly flammable Bakken crude oil exploded over the town, killing 47 people and contaminating 558,000 tons of soil and local waterways. While Montreal, Maine, and Atlantic Rail Chairman Edward Burkhardt initially blamed the derailment on the lone engineer and local firefighters, this study shows how Transport Canada and the rail industry undermined regulatory and safety measures for several years before the derailment...
February 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217721/point-of-sale-tobacco-advertising-remains-prominent-in-mumbai-india
#7
Samir S Khariwala, Apurva Garg, Irina Stepanov, Prakash C Gupta, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Vikram Gota, Pankaj Chaturvedi
OBJECTIVES: In India, a 2003 law ("COPTA") banned tobacco advertising with the exception of "point of sale" and "on-pack" advertising. Given substantial evidence regarding the impact of point of sale advertising (PoS), we analyzed the prevalence of encountering such advertising in Mumbai, India. METHODS: A survey was conducted of 199 current and recent former tobacco users recruited at the Tata Memorial Hospital (Mumbai). Enrollees were queried regarding their exposure to tobacco advertising in the last 30 days through multiple media sources...
July 2016: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217564/arthroscopic-treatment-of-shoulder-instability-in-professional-athletes
#8
Andrea Pantalone, Daniele Vanni, Matteo Guelfi, Michele Di Mauro, Michele Abate, Vincenzo Salini
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic shoulder instability is a common disease, especially in sportsmen. If inadequately or late treated, it may be responsible for an articular biomechanics alteration, with serious problems. This is much more obvious for professionals athletes, because corporate and market needs force them to a premature return to sport. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate if arthroscopic approach may be better than the open one and allowing a shoulder function rapid recovery, with fast return to sport...
October 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217534/assessment-of-facial-golden-proportions-among-central-indian-population
#9
Rathore Saurabh, Bolya Piyush, Bhatt Sourabh, Ojha Preeti, Rutvik Trivedi, Pradeep Vishnoi
AIM: This study aimed to identify and establish the facial and smile proportions in young adults and to compare the results with ideal or divine proportions, compare the proportions of males and females included in our study population and compare them with those established for Caucasian and Japanese populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred participants (164 females, 36 males) with Angle's class I malocclusion (M.O). and well-balanced faces were selected and photographed in the frontal repose position...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217447/aging-related-erectile-dysfunction-potential-mechanism-to-halt-or-delay-its-onset
#10
REVIEW
Monica G Ferrini, Nestor F Gonzalez-Cadavid, Jacob Rajfer
Erectile dysfunction (ED) will visit every man at some time in his life. The age at when that knock on the door is heard is totally dependent on one's genetics as well as other extrinsic factors. Unlike guests who come for a visit and then leave, once ED shows up it tends to hang around forever. To add insult to injury, the longer ED hangs around, the worse it will get. It is estimated that by the time a man is in his 40's, he has about a 40% chance of having some form of ED and this prevalence increases about 10% per decade thereafter...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217438/extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-as-an-indispensable-tool-for-a-successful-treatment-of-a-pregnant-woman-with-h1n1-infection-in-brazil
#11
Rodrigo T Amancio, Celina Machado Acra, Vicente Cés de Souza Dantas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216204/left-ventricular-assist-device-thrombosis-is-associated-with-an-increase-in-the-systolic-to-diastolic-velocity-ratio-measured-at-the-inflow-and-outflow-cannulae
#12
Ankit Jain, Ben Rohrer, Brian Gebhardt, Janis L Breeze, Joshua D Quick, Gregory Couper, Michael S Kiernan, Matthew Lawrence, Frederick C Cobey
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the ratio of peak systolic-to-nadir diastolic velocity (S/D ratio) measured using Doppler at the left ventricular assist device (LVAD) inflow and outflow cannulae is associated with pump thrombosis and to determine whether there is an absolute decrease in the diastolic cannula velocities in LVAD thrombosis. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent LVAD exchange...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215758/living-autobiographically-concepts-of-aging-and-artistic-expression-in-painting-and-modern-dance
#13
Mita Banerjee, Anita Wohlmann, Ralf Dahm
This article discusses the ways in which artists have incorporated or failed to incorporate the aging process of their bodies into their art. Using Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov and the French painter Claude Monet as cases in point, we explore situations in which physical changes brought about by aging compromises artists' ability to engage with their artistic medium. Connecting Monet's oeuvre and Baryshnikov's dance performances to life writing accounts, we draw on John Paul Eakin's concept of "living autobiographically": In this vein, life writing research does not only have to take into account concepts of identity as they emerge from life writing narratives, but it also needs to explore the somatic, corporeal and material dimensions of these narratives...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214569/effect-of-testosterone-on-the-phenotypic-modulation-of-corpus-cavernosum-smooth-muscle-cells-in-a-castrated-rat-model
#14
Luhao Liu, Ermao Li, Futian Li, Lianmin Luo, Shankun Zhao, Ran Kang, Jintai Luo, Zhigang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of testosterone (T) on the phenotypic modulation of corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (CCSM) cells in a castrated rat model. METHODS: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group, castration group, and castration with testosterone supplementation (castration+T) group. Erectile function, histological change and biochemical markers were assessed for phenotypic modulation of CCSM cells in corporal tissue...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213855/correction-of-residual-ventral-penile-curvature-after-division-of-the-urethral-plate-in-the-first-stage-of-a-2-stage-proximal-hypospadias-repair
#15
REVIEW
Bruce J Schlomer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The first stage of a 2-stage proximal hypospadias repair involves division of the urethral plate and correction of any residual ventral penile curvature (VPC). Options to correct residual VPC include dorsal corporal shortening or ventral corporal lengthening techniques. This review discusses these options and suggests an approach to management. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent reports of 2-stage proximal hypospadias repairs indicate low rates of recurrent VPC with either dorsal corporal shortening or ventral corporal lengthening...
February 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210447/the-effect-of-different-insertion-techniques-on-the-depth-of-cure-and-vickers-surface-micro-hardness-of-two-bulk-fill-resin-composite-materials
#16
Lamiaa-Mahmoud Moharam, Ahmed-Zohair El-Hoshy, Karim Abou-Elenein
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Vickers surface micro-hardness and the depth of cure of two bulk-fill resin composites and one incremental-fill resin composite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two Bulk-fill dental resin composites (X-tra Fil, Voco; Sonic-FillTM 2, Kerr Corporation) and an incremental-fill dental resin composite (Filtek™ Z250 XT, 3M ESPE) were used. Sixty cylindrical specimens of 4 mm thickness were prepared using split Teflon moulds...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209377/how-do-parents-label-their-physical-disciplinary-practices-a-focus-on-the-definition-of-corporal-punishment
#17
Sabrina Fréchette, Elisa Romano
The lack of consensus about the definition of corporal punishment (CP) contributes to the varying research findings and fuels the debate surrounding its use. Related to the problem of definitional variability is also the possibility that some parents may not be aware that their physical disciplinary strategies (PDS) are forms of CP. As a first step to move beyond the debate and to tailor educational efforts to change cultural norms and parents' behaviors, the objective of the current study was to clarify what parents self-label as CP...
February 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209284/recognizing-and-regulating-cannabis-as-a-temptation-good
#18
Jonathan P Caulkins
The U.S. appears to be on a path toward legalizing cannabis on the alcohol model, which is to say allowing for-profit corporations to produce, sell, and promote its use. Even after national legalization, it will take decades to observe the full effects on industry structure and behavior, or on use and misuse. However, we should not be surprised if after markets have matured and consumption patterns stabilized, legalization increases acute cannabis intoxication in the U.S. by 40 billion hours per year. This increase in use will be the most important cannabis-specific effect of legalization...
February 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207894/factors-influencing-feeding-practices-of-extreme-poor-infants-and-young-children-in-families-of-working-mothers-in-dhaka-slums-a-qualitative-study
#19
Ashraful Kabir, Mathilde Rose Louise Maitrot
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status differs between infants and young children living in slum and non-slum conditions-infants and young children living in City Corporation slums are likely to have worse nutritional status compared to those from non-slums. Furthermore, families in slums tend to engage female labor in cash-earning activities as a survival strategy; hence, a higher percentage of mothers stay at work. However, little is known about feeding practices for infants and young children in families with working mothers in slums...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202978/corporate-culture-research-can-benefit
#20
Rudi G J Westendorp, Ulla Wewer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Nature
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