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Pharmacist role

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785683/targeted-therapies-and-adverse-drug-reactions-in-oncology-the-role-of-clinical-pharmacist-in-pharmacovigilance
#1
G Fornasier, M Taborelli, S Francescon, J Polesel, M Aliberti, P De Paoli, P Baldo
Background The majority of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported in the summary of product characteristics (SPCs) are based on pivotal clinical trials, performed under controlled conditions and with selected patients. Objectives (1) to observe ADRs in the real-world setting and to evaluate if the supervision of the pharmacist impacts on the management of ADRs and on the satisfaction of patients; (2) to sensitise health professionals and patients on the need to increase the reporting of ADRs, in compliance with Pharmacovigilance...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778344/impact-of-clinical-pharmacist-engagement-in-ward-teams-on-the-number-of-drug-related-readmissions-among-swedish-older-patients-with-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-an-economic-evaluation
#2
Maria Sjölander, Lars Lindholm, Bettina Pfister, Jeanette Jonsson, Jörn Schneede, Hugo Lövheim, Maria Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacists play an increasing role in the pharmacological treatment of hospital-admitted older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment. In an earlier randomised controlled trial, clinical pharmacist involvement in the ward team could significantly reduce drug-related readmissions in patient subgroups. However, the economic impact of the intervention has not been addressed so far. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the economic impact of clinical pharmacist engagement in hospital ward teams for medication therapy management in older patients with dementia or cognitive impairments...
May 16, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773700/implications-of-involving-pharmacy-technicians-in-obtaining-a-best-possible-medication-history-from-the-perspectives-of-pharmaceutical-medical-and-nursing-staff-a-qualitative-study
#3
Andrea Niederhauser, Chantal Zimmermann, Liat Fishman, David L B Schwappach
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the involvement of pharmacy technicians in medication reconciliation has increasingly been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the implications on professional roles and collaboration when a best possible medication history (BPMH) at admission is obtained by pharmacy technicians. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semistructured interviews. Data were analysed using a qualitative content analysis approach. SETTING: Internal medicine units in two mid-sized Swiss hospitals...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770700/quality-use-of-the-pathology-data-in-home-medicines-reviews-a-retrospective-evaluation
#4
Vera H Buss, Alison Shield, Sam Kosari, Mark Naunton
BACKGROUND: Laboratory tests can be important tools for the assessment of pharmacotherapy. Nonetheless, there are no previous studies that have explicitly focused on the role of pathology data in Home Medicines Reviews (HMR), an Australian medication review program. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate pharmacists' recommendations regarding laboratory testing in the medication review process. METHODS: This retrospective review of HMRs assessed the prevalence of the pathology data provided by general practitioners...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768945/pharmacist-impact-on-treatment-intensification-and-hemoglobin-a-1c-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-at-an-academic-health-center
#5
Kevin Cowart, Karen Sando
BACKGROUND: Achievement of treatment goals for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is suboptimal. This is in part driven by a lack of treatment intensification when warranted, termed "clinical inertia." OBJECTIVES: To investigate time to treatment intensification and changes in A1C among pharmacist-physician managed (PPM) patients compared to usual medical care (UMC) in patients with T2DM. METHODS: Retrospective matched cohort study at 2 academic family medicine clinics...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766615/barriers-and-facilitators-to-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-post-partum-period-the-health-care-professionals-perspective
#6
Felix Naughton, Sarah Hopewell, Lesley Sinclair, Dorothy McCaughan, Jennifer McKell, Linda Bauld
OBJECTIVES: Health care professionals and the health care environment play a central role in protecting pregnant and post-partum women and their infants from smoking-related harms. This study aimed to better understand the health professional's perspective on how interactions between women, health care professionals, and the environment influence how smoking is managed. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Data were from 48 health care staff involved in antenatal or post-partum care at two UK sites, including midwives, obstetricians, health visitors, GPs, pharmacists, service commissioners, and Stop Smoking Service (SSS) advisors and managers...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764645/design-and-short-term-impact-of-an-event-to-promote-careers-in-clinical-pharmacy
#7
Sarah Ray, Andrew Ticcioni, Robert Mueller, Jessica Battaglia
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a role for local pharmacy organizations to promote clinical pharmacy and increase awareness to both potential and current pharmacy students. The Greater Milwaukee College of Clinical Pharmacy (GMCCP) chapter sought to promote clinical pharmacy amongst current and prospective pharmacy students to increase the knowledge, awareness, and interest in clinical pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Subcommittee members designed programming to introduce the basics of clinical pharmacy...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764644/influence-of-an-ambulatory-care-elective-on-career-interest-and-perception-of-ambulatory-care-practice
#8
Jennifer Dettra, Cassandra Legari, Anojinie Karunathilake, Jigna Patel Richards
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ambulatory care is a growing area of pharmacy practice. Previous studies have shown that an ambulatory care elective course may improve student understanding and interest in ambulatory care, but it is unknown if an elective course may impact a student's intended career choice. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of an ambulatory care elective on student understanding of ambulatory care pharmacy practice, career interest, and interest in residency training...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764628/national-preceptor-development-program-pdp-influential-evidence-and-theory-the-first-of-a-3-part-series
#9
Katrina Mulherin, Sheila Walter, Craig D Cox
INTRODUCTION: Priority #3 of the Canadian Experiential Education Project for Pharmacy provided evidence-based guidance for the design and implementation of a national approach to preceptor development. In this first article (of three), findings from the project and recommendations to achieve a high-quality preceptor development program (PDP) are presented. METHODS: A multi-method approach including detailed semi-structured interviews, classic literature review, and advisory committee feedback was employed...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760362/-pharmacology-education-in-nursing-what-should-be-taught-and-how-from-western-to-chinese-medicine
#10
Tomoko Akase
Doctors give prescriptions after considering the medical conditions of patients. Pharmacists check the prescription and give information about the effects of the drugs to the patients, including their side effects. Nurses observe patients to determine the effects and side effects of the administered drugs, and then report these to doctors. Each specialist plays a role, allowing medication to be completed. However, in order to fully attain the effects of a drug, we need to consider the method of its administration...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756535/building-the-case-changing-consumer-perceptions-of-the-value-of-expanded-community-pharmacist-services
#11
Kathryn Steckowych, Marie Smith, Susan Spiggle, Andrew Stevens, Hao Li
BACKGROUND: The role of the community pharmacist has traditionally been a medication dispenser; however, community pharmacists' responsibilities must expand to include more direct patient care services in order to transform primary care practice. OBJECTIVES: Use case-based scenarios to (1) determine factors that contribute to positive and negative consumer perceptions of expanded community pharmacist patient care roles, (2) identify facilitators and barriers that contribute to consumer perceptions of the value of expanded community pharmacist patient care services, and (3) develop a successful approach and strategies for increasing consumer advocacy for the value of expanded community pharmacist patient care services...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754251/impact-of-medication-reconciliation-and-review-and-counselling-on-adverse-drug-events-and-healthcare-resource-use
#12
Amna Al-Hashar, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Tommy Eriksson, Alaa Sarakbi, Badriya Al-Zadjali, Saif Al Mubaihsi, Mohammed Al Zaabi
Background Adverse drug events from preventable medication errors can result in patient morbidity and mortality, and in cost to the healthcare system. Medication reconciliation can improve communication and reduce medication errors at transitions in care. Objective Evaluate the impact of medication reconciliation and counselling intervention delivered by a pharmacist for medical patients on clinical outcomes 30 days after discharge. Setting Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. Methods A randomized controlled study comparing standard care with an intervention delivered by a pharmacist and comprising medication reconciliation on admission and discharge, a medication review, a bedside medication counselling, and a take-home medication list...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748942/knowledge-and-practice-characteristics-of-pharmacists-in-qatar-towards-medication-use-in-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Pallivalapilla Abdul Rouf, Binny Thomas, Wessam Elkassem, Asma Tarannum, Doua Al Saad, Mohammed M Gasim, Moza Al Hail
Background: Medication use during pregnancy is common. Pharmacists have an important role in improving medication use during pregnancy. There is a lack of empirical evidence on pharmacists' knowledge and practice characteristics towards medication use in pregnancy. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the knowledge and practice characteristics of pharmacists in Qatar about medicines use in pregnancy. Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a period of 6 months in 2010...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748294/pharmacists-critical-role-in-cancer-clinical-trials
#14
EDITORIAL
Susan Goodin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744793/perceptions-opinions-and-knowledge-of-pharmacists-towards-the-use-of-complementary-medicines-by-people-living-with-cancer
#15
Joanna Harnett, Trong Quy Le, Lorraine Smith, Ines Krass
Background Biologically-based complementary medicine (BB-CM) use is prevalent amongst people living with cancer. Pharmacists play an important role in the provision of standard treatments for cancer. Less is known about pharmacist's provision of BB-CM information. Objective This study investigated the opinions, perceptions and knowledge of pharmacists regarding the use of BB-CMs by people living with cancer and the facilitators and barriers to providing information and advice. Setting Australia. Method A cross-sectional 53-item survey was developed and the survey link distributed in two professional associations newsletters...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744789/escp-international-workshop-expanding-roles-and-opportunities-for-the-pharmacist-in-optimizing-use-of-oral-cancer-drugs-19-20-february-2018-reykjavik-iceland
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744044/enhancing-pharmacists-role-in-developing-countries-to-overcome-the-challenge-of-antimicrobial-resistance-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
M H F Sakeena, Alexandra A Bennett, Andrew J McLachlan
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health challenge and developing countries are more vulnerable to the adverse health impacts of AMR. Health care workers including pharmacists can play a key role to support the appropriate use of antimicrobials in developing countries and reduce AMR. Objective: The aim of this review is to investigate the role of pharmacists in the appropriate use of antibiotics and to identify how the pharmacists' role can be enhanced to combat AMR in developing countries...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743018/exploring-current-and-potential-roles-of-australian-community-pharmacists-in-gout-management-a-qualitative-study
#18
Allyce B Counsell, Amy D Nguyen, Melissa T Baysari, Diluk R W Kannangara, Andrew J McLachlan, Richard O Day
BACKGROUND: Gout is an increasingly prevalent form of inflammatory arthritis. Although effective treatments for gout exist, current management is suboptimal due to low medication adherence rates and treatments that are non-concordant with guidelines. Medications are the mainstay and most effective form of gout management. Thus, there is potential for community pharmacists to play an important primary health care role in gout management, however their current role and their potential to improve management of gout treatment is currently unclear...
May 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742159/medications-and-pregnancy-the-role-of-community-pharmacists-a-descriptive-study
#19
Hoi Ying Leung, Bandana Saini, Helen E Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Safe use of medications during pregnancy requires a comprehensive understanding of risk-benefit profiles for individual treatments. Pharmacists are supported in this aspect by clinical information agencies (e.g. MotherSafe, a telephone-based teratogen information service) and reference texts. To what extent and for what reasons Australian pharmacists utilise these services/resources are yet unknown. Further, debate on replacement of conventionally defined medication safety in pregnancy categories (A, B1-3, C, D, X) by narratively stated safety evidence may affect pharmacists' routine practice...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740636/potential-role-of-a-pharmacist-to-enhance-medication-related-aspects-of-clinical-trials-conducted-in-a-dedicated-clinical-research-unit
#20
Kimberly A Redic, Amy Skyles, John Zaccardelli
Purpose: Pharmacist involvement in medication reconciliation has been shown to have a positive impact on patient care in a number of settings [1-6], but there have been no evaluations of the effect of this pharmacist role on patient care during the conduct of clinical trials. Pharmacist involvement in the medication reconciliation process for clinical trials may provide improved protocol compliance. Methods: This was a retrospective pilot study conducted in a dedicated research unit that assessed completeness of the medication reconciliation process by clinical trial teams for patients participating in a clinical trial involving investigational medication(s)...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
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