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Pharmacist role

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430013/barriers-to-access-to-sterile-syringes-as-perceived-by-pharmacists-and-injecting-drug-users-implications-for-harm-reduction-in-lebanon
#1
Ali Ghaddar, Karine Nassar, Ghadier Elsoury
BACKGROUND: Access to sterile syringes to injecting drug users (IDU) reduces sharing behavior and prevents the transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVES: To describe the barriers to access to sterile syringes for IDUs in Lebanon from the perspectives of pharmacists and IDUs. METHODS: in this qualitative study conducted in Lebanon, data were collected from 72 syringe purchase tests at pharmacies, 64 interviewees with pharmacists and 2 focus groups with injecting drug users...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427898/pharmacist-impact-on-pediatric-vaccination-errors-and-missed-opportunities-in-the-setting-of-clinical-decision-support
#2
Kelly A Wise, Sonya J Sebastian, Anna C Haas-Gehres, Melissa D Moore-Clingenpeel, Kristen E Lamberjack
OBJECTIVE: To determine pharmacist impact on vaccination errors and missed opportunities in the pediatric primary care setting with the presence of clinical decision support (CDS) by comparing a clinic with a pharmacist and CDS to a clinic with CDS alone. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of patients' electronic medical records compared vaccination errors and missed opportunities between 2 pediatric primary care clinics. SETTING: Two urban, pediatric primary care clinics were selected for the study...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420596/the-behaviors-and-experiences-of-the-community-pharmacy-team-on-the-provision-of-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#3
Derek Stewart, Craig McDonald, Joan MacLeod, Katie MacLure, Gwen Gray, Trudi McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are repackaging systems for solid dosage form medicines. Acknowledging the lack of evidence that MCAs improve adherence or clinical outcomes, the Royal Pharmaceutical Society has expressed concern that MCAs have 'become regarded as a panacea for medicines use'. OBJECTIVES: To determine the behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team around MCA provision. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 26 community pharmacies in the north east of Scotland...
April 9, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405409/effects-of-communication-skill-training-cst-based-on-spikes-for-insurance-covered-pharmacy-pharmacists-to-interact-with-simulated-cancer-patients
#4
Manako Hanya, Yoshitake Kanno, Junko Akasaki, Keiko Abe, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Hiroyuki Kamei
BACKGROUND: With the development of pharmacotherapy and radiotherapy, cancer treatment is being shifted from surgical to outpatient services, consequently increasing insurance-covered pharmacies' frequency of dealing with cancer patients. As the psychology of these patients is complex, it is necessary for pharmacists to educate them in consideration of their cognitive/medical and psychosocial aspects. This study analyzed cancer patient management by pharmacists working in such pharmacies and their communication skills before and after communication skill training based on SPIKES, a six-step protocol for delivering bad news, to confirm the usefulness of such training...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405255/medication-management-of-chronic-pain-a-comparison-of-2-care-delivery-models
#5
Marlene Slipp, Robert Burnham
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic pain is high and increasing. Medication management is an important component of chronic pain management. There is a shortage of physicians who are available and comfortable providing this service. In Alberta, pharmacists have been granted an advanced scope of practice. Given this empowerment, their availability, training and skill set, pharmacists are well positioned to play an expanded role in the medication management of chronic pain sufferers. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and cost of a physician-only vs a pharmacist-physician team model of medication management for chronic nonmalignant pain sufferers...
March 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401136/patient-family-physician-and-community-pharmacist-perspectives-on-expanded-pharmacy-scope-of-practice-a-qualitative-study
#6
Maoliosa Donald, Kathryn King-Shier, Ross T Tsuyuki, Yazid N Al Hamarneh, Charlotte A Jones, Braden Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Wendy Tink, Nairne Scott-Douglas, Brenda R Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: The RxEACH trial was a randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of community pharmacy-based case finding and intervention in patients at high risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Community-dwelling patients with poorly controlled risk factors were identified and their CV risk reduced through patient education, prescribing and follow-up by their pharmacist. Perspectives of patients, family physicians and community pharmacists were obtained regarding pharmacists' identification and management of patients at high risk for CV events, to identify strategies to facilitate implementation of the pharmacist's expanded role in routine patient care...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400646/role-of-clinical-pharmacist-in-cosmeto-vigilance-of-misuse-and-abuse-of-topical-corticosteroids
#7
K T Ashique, Dilip Chandrasekhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400254/community-pharmacist-delivered-medicare-annual-wellness-visits-within-a-family-medicine-practice
#8
Taylor A Evans, Patricia H Fabel, Bryan Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: To identify the steps to implement a community pharmacist into a family medicine practice to deliver Medicare Annual Wellness Visits (AWVs). SETTING: Medicine Mart Pharmacy is a locally owned and operated pharmacy that has served the West Columbia, South Carolina, area for over 30 years. The services offered by the pharmacy have expanded over the past 3 years through the addition of a community pharmacy resident. PRACTICE INNOVATION: A stepwise approach was developed for a community pharmacist to identify, market, and establish an AWV service through a collaborative practice agreement with a local family medicine practice...
April 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381714/status-and-problems-of-humanities-education-with-respect-to-pharmacy-education
#9
Satoko Ishikawa
 In 2006, a model core curriculum in pharmaceutical studies was developed prior to the outset of the 6-year pharmacy degree. In the 10 years that followed, medical care and life science technology has progressed, pharmaceutical laws have been revised, and the responsibilities of pharmacists have increased. In response to such social changes and needs, the Model Core Curriculum for Pharmacy Education was revised in December 2013. In order to play an active role as a pharmacist in any medical workplace, it is important for pharmacy students to develop their communication skills and attitudes in order to foster the trust of their patients and other medical professionals...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381713/the-purpose-and-scope-of-pedagogy-in-pharmaceutical-education
#10
Akihiro Nakamura
 The WHO and International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) introduced the concept of the "seven-star pharmacist" in which a pharmacist is described as a caregiver, communicator, decision-maker, teacher, lifelong learner, leader and manager. In six-year pharmaceutical education programs, which have been provided in schools of pharmacy since 2006, 5th year students participate in on-site practice experiences in hospitals and community pharmacies. Thus, Japanese pharmacists also began to have a role in pharmaceutical education as teachers in clinical settings...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377092/interdisciplinary-medication-decision-making-by-pharmacists-in-pediatric-hospital-settings-an-ethnographic-study
#11
Ellie Rosenfeld, Sharon Kinney, Carlye Weiner, Fiona Newall, Allison Williams, Noel Cranswick, Ian Wong, Narelle Borrott, Elizabeth Manias
OBJECTIVE: Children are particularly vulnerable to experiencing medication incidents in hospitals. Making sound medication decisions is therefore of paramount importance. Prior research has principally described pharmacists' role in reducing medication errors. There is a dearth of information about pharmacists' interactions with pediatric hospital staff across disciplines in resolving medication issues. The aim of this study was to examine interdisciplinary medication decision making by pharmacists in pediatric hospital settings...
March 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369064/the-uk-pharmacy-care-plan-service-description-recruitment-and-initial-views-on-a-new-community-pharmacy-intervention
#12
Michael J Twigg, David Wright, Charlotte L Kirkdale, James A Desborough, Tracey Thornley
INTRODUCTION: The UK government advocates person-centred healthcare which is ideal for supporting patients to make appropriate lifestyle choices and to address non-adherence. The Community Pharmacy Future group, a collaboration between community pharmacy companies and independents in the UK, introduced a person-centred service for patients with multiple long-term conditions in 50 pharmacies in Northern England. OBJECTIVE: Describe the initial findings from the set up and delivery of a novel community pharmacy-based person-centred service...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364995/medication-risk-mitigation-coordinating-and-collaborating-with-health-care-systems-universities-and-researchers-to-facilitate-the-design-and-execution-of-practice-based-research
#13
REVIEW
Kevin T Bain, Calvin H Knowlton, Jacques Turgeon
The high prevalence of inappropriate polypharmacy in geriatric populations is unacceptable. Traditional medication risk mitigation (MRM) strategies have proven to be effective at improving polypharmacy, but these strategies have not consistently translated into positive health outcomes. Enhanced MRM strategies, such as using pharmacogenomics information, are needed, and these strategies need to be tested. A formidable challenge is successfully integrating pharmacogenomic information into clinical practice. As the medication experts on health care teams, pharmacists have a clear role to play in developing, integrating, and assessing enhanced MRM strategies to improve therapeutic outcomes for geriatric patients...
May 2017: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364992/geriatric-polypharmacy-pharmacist-as-key-facilitator-in-assessing-for-falls-risk
#14
REVIEW
Michelle A Fritsch, Penny S Shelton
This article highlights the significant health impact of falls among older adults. An emphasis is placed on the vital role of the pharmacist, regardless of practice setting, in assessing and reducing falls risk for this growing population. In addition, the importance of a stepwise comprehensive approach to falls assessment by pharmacists in collaboration with other clinicians is elucidated.
May 2017: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357704/hazardous-drug-diversion-of-valproate-from-a-general-practitioner-to-his-patient-s-dog
#15
Pierre-Marie Morice, Joachim Alexandre, Alexandre Cesbron, Marion Sassier, Sophie Fedrizzi, Xavier Humbert
General practitioners are key stakeholders in good prescribing practices. More than half of patients have at least one unintended medication discrepancy upon hospital admission, some of which have the potential to cause severe discomfort or clinical deterioration. We report a case of a drug mistakenly administered to a 66-year-old man with cirrhosis and chronic alcoholism. Based on his regular prescription, he received 1 g/day of valproate during a hospitalization for cardiac valve surgery. This anticonvulsant was initially prescribed by his general practitioner for his epileptic dog and has been added to his own prescription to be covered by the French national health insurance...
December 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356900/medication-safety-in-clinical-trials-role-of-the-pharmacist-in-optimizing-practice-collaboration-and-education-to-reduce-errors
#16
REVIEW
Jamie N Brown, Sara R Britnell, Andrew P Stivers, Jennifer L Cruz
Standardized safety practices for investigational drugs in clinical research protocols are limited and the vast majority of research pharmacists have concerns regarding its safety. Identified areas for medication safety risks include protocol complexity, medication ordering, and the processes for packaging, storage, and dispensing investigational medications. Inclusion of a pharmacist creates multiple mechanisms to promote safety and improve the quality of clinical research. This is accomplished through collaborating in the development of a research protocol, reviewing as a member of an advisory committee, developing mechanisms that contribute to safety, and assuring compliance with local and national regulations and standards...
March 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356213/organizational-readiness-for-change-preceptor-perceptions-regarding-early-immersion-of-student-pharmacists-in-health-system-practice
#17
Kimberly A Sanders, Michael D Wolcott, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Amanda D'Ostroph, Christopher M Shea, Nicole R Pinelli
PURPOSE: To examine preceptors' perceptions regarding readiness for change pre- and post-implementation of a pilot early immersion program engaging student pharmacists in direct patient care. METHODS: Student pharmacists enrolled in the second professional year of a Doctor of Pharmacy degree program completed a four-week health-system introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE) which was modified to include direct patient care roles in operational (drug preparation and dispensing) and clinical (comprehensive medication management) pharmacy environments...
March 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349623/managing-workplace-stress-in-community-pharmacy-organisations-lessons-from-a-review-of-the-wider-stress-management-and-prevention-literature
#18
REVIEW
Sally Jacobs, Sheena Johnson, Karen Hassell
BACKGROUND: Workplace stress in community pharmacy is increasing internationally due, in part, to pharmacists' expanding roles and escalating workloads. Whilst the business case for preventing and managing workplace stress by employers is strong, there is little evidence for the effectiveness of organisational stress management interventions in community pharmacy settings. AIM: To identify and synthesise existing evidence for the effectiveness of organisational solutions to workplace stress from the wider organisational literature which may be adaptable to community pharmacies...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349578/a-randomised-control-trial-to-evaluate-the-clinical-pharmacist-s-role-in-managing-iron-deficiency-anaemia-patients
#19
Linda M Tahaineh, Afaf H Khasawneh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of clinical pharmacists in managing iron deficiency anaemia patients. METHODS: A prospective parallel randomised controlled trial conducted in an outpatient clinic enrolled adult iron deficiency anaemia patients. Patients were randomised into either an intervention or a control group. Patients in the intervention group were followed closely by a clinical pharmacist who offered pharmaceutical care services and worked closely with physicians to manage iron deficiency anaemia...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348429/implementation-and-assessment-of-a-pharmacy-educational-program-concerning-laboratory-monitoring-for-medications
#20
Jaclyn M LeBlanc, Kayla Cameron-Coffill, Jodi L Symes, Sandra Kane-Gill, Kevin Duplisea, John Mowatt
BACKGROUND: The pharmacist's role in monitoring medication therapy, including the ability to order laboratory tests as a delegated medical function, has increased dramatically over the past 20 years. OBJECTIVES: To implement and assess the impact of an intervention designed to educate pharmacists about appropriate medication-related laboratory monitoring and clinical interpretation of results. METHODS: This pilot project had a pretest-posttest study design...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
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