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Pharmacist role

Nibal R Chamoun, Rony Zeenny, Hanine Mansour
Background Pharmacists' involvement in patient care has improved the quality of care and reduced medication errors. However, this has required a lot of work that could not have been accomplished without documentation of interventions. Several means of documenting errors have been proposed in the literature but without a consistent comprehensive process. Recently, the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) recognized that pharmacy practice lacks a consistent process for direct patient care and discussed several options for a pharmaceutical care plan, essentially encompassing medication therapy assessment, development and implementation of a pharmaceutical care plan and finally evaluation of the outcome...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Julie Dare, Celia Wilkinson, Michael Garlepp, Johnny Lo, Steve Allsop
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored the barriers and enablers influencing Western Australian (WA) community pharmacists' knowledge, confidence, willingness and practice in engaging older clients (>60 years) in alcohol-related health discussions. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted with a total of 14 community pharmacists who had previously completed a formative quantitative survey (n = 63), and indicated willingness to participate in a follow-up focus group...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
I Fusier, O Parent de Curzon, S Touratier, L Escaut, M Lafaurie, S Fournier, M Sinègre, P Lechat, D Vittecoq
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to document amoxicillin-clavulanic acid prescription to improve the proper use of antibiotics in hospital settings. We used three criteria: quality of medical charts, adequacy of indications, and adequacy of treatment duration. METHOD: This study was designed as a one-day point prevalence survey carried out by antibiotic lead specialists. RESULTS: We included 387 prescriptions from 32 hospitals. Immunodeficiency was recorded as a risk factor in 30% of patients...
October 17, 2016: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
J E Isenor, N T Edwards, T A Alia, K L Slayter, D M MacDougall, S A McNeil, S K Bowles
BACKGROUND: Underutilization of vaccination programs remains a significant public health concern. Pharmacists serve as educators, facilitators, and in some jurisdictions, as administrators of vaccines. Though pharmacists have been involved with immunizations in various ways for many years, there has yet to be a systematic review assessing the impact of pharmacists as immunizers in these three roles. OBJECTIVE: To complete a systematic review of the literature on the impact of pharmacists as educators, facilitators, and administrators of vaccines on immunization rates...
October 17, 2016: Vaccine
Chad K Gentry, Robin P Parker, Christian Ketel, S Trent Rosenbloom, Terri D Crutcher, Aaron W Scott, Jannyse L Starks, Heather A Davidson, Bonita A Pilon
This report describes the role of a clinical pharmacist serving onsite in an interprofessional collaborative practice care model at an urban underserved primary care clinic. It also overviews current health care legislative policy as it relates to expanding pharmacists roles as an integrated team member in medically underserved, vulnerable populations.
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Bayan Sharif-Chan, Dipti Tankala, Christine Leong, Zubin Austin, Marisa Battistella
Objective. To compare peer teaching in a medical and a pharmacy clinical teaching unit and to provide suggestions for future research in pharmacy near-peer teaching. Methods. This exploratory observational study used principles of ethnographic methodology for data collection and analysis. Observations were collected in a large downtown teaching hospital. An average of 4-6 hours per day were spent observing a team of medical trainees from the Faculty (School) of Medicine in the general internal medicine (unit for two weeks, followed by a team of pharmacy trainees in an ambulatory hemodialysis (HD) unit for two weeks...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
J E McDonagh, K L Shaw, J Prescott, F J Smith, R Roberts, N J Gray
BACKGROUND: Taking medicines as intended is difficult for everybody, but young people going through adolescence have greater problems than adults and younger children. One of the most important things that happen during the teenage years is the development of individual identities, which might not remain constant during this time and can be affected deeply by the diagnosis of a long-term condition. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between identity and medication use among young people with juvenile arthritis...
October 19, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Daniel Ngui, Michael J H Qiu, Michael Mann
OBJECTIVE: In order to address the systematic and practice management issues associated with managing hypertension, we undertook a quality improvement project at a multi-physician clinic in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. We piloted an evidence-based electronic medical record (EMR) hypertension management dashboard based on the 2014 Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) guideline recommendations. Since June 1, 2015, our chronic disease coordinator utilized our EMR HTN Dashboard to generate patient recalls, create physician reminders and to enhance internal clinic referrals to provide 1:1 patient hypertension self-management education by physicians and our clinical pharmacist team...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Fernando Stuardo Wyss Quintana
Latin America has 23 countries ranging from Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean, of these 19 countries are considered by the WHO as countries with high and very high risk, one of the similarities of our countries is poor access to services health and medicine, resulting from poor government investment in health as the amount used in this sector occupies only the best 3% of the national budget and gross domestic product.Thus we know that the prevalence of hypertension varies widely from country to country and from city to city, presenting in Guatemala a prevalence of 40%, while in other countries in the area ranges between 25 and 35%, most complicated problem is that within the same country as the population this prevalence can vary greatly and have a different impact between populationsTherefore we know that the impact of cardiovascular disease within the range of non-communicable diseases occupies at least 30% and of these about 70% occupied countries of low and moderate income...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
(no author information available yet)
Pharmacovigilance is the science and activity relating to the collection, detection, assessment, monitoring, and prevention of adverse effects with pharmaceutical products. Pharmacovigilance basically targets safety of medicine. Pharmacists have crucial role in health systems to maintain the rational and safe use of medicine for they are drug experts who are specifically trained in this field. Effective use of pharmacists' workforce will improve the outcome of the pharmacotherapy as well as decrease global health costs...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Mirai Mourad Sadek, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Naama M S Al Kalbani, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Mohamed A Baraka, Alaa Mohammed Abdul Aziz, Abdulla Shehab
Background: The pharmaceutical care and 'extended' roles are still not practiced optimally by community pharmacists. Several studies have discussed the practice of community pharmacy in the UAE and have shown that most community pharmacists only counsel patients. However, UAE, has taken initiatives to allow and prepare community pharmacists to practice 'extended' roles. Aim of the review: The aim was to review the current roles of community pharmacists in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Objective: The objective was to encourage community pharmacists toward extending their practice roles...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Bahareh Bahman Bijari, Morteza Zare, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Azam Bazrafshan, Amin Beigzadeh, Maryam Esmaili
Objectives: To determine which professional and humanistic attributes demonstrated by teachers in the health disciplines caused them to be perceived by students as positive or negative role models. Methods: Quantitative empirical data were gathered using a self-administered questionnaire by graduating students in medical, dentistry, and pharmacy schools at Kerman University of Medical Sciences. A total of 3 graduating cohorts, comprising about 220 students, were selected for this study...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Paweł Paśko, Tomasz Rodacki, Renata Domagała-Rodacka, Danuta Owczarek
Background Overactive bladder syndrome is a condition where one or more of the symptoms such as pollakiuria, urgent need to urinate, nocturia and urinary incontinence is observed. Its prevalence ranges between 7 and 27 % in men and 9-43 % in women. The role of a pharmacist is to educate the patient on medications administration scheme, and drug interactions with particular food or food components. Aim of the review To assess a potential impact of food and fruit juice on the pharmacokinetic and therapeutic effects of medications used in treating overactive bladder syndrome...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Brandon Battis, Linda Clifford, Mostaqul Huq, Edrick Pejoro, Scott Mambourg
OBJECTIVES: Patients treated with oral chemotherapy appear to have less contact with the treating providers. As a result, safety, adherence, medication therapy monitoring, and timely follow-up may be compromised. The trend of treating cancer with oral chemotherapy agents is on the rise. However, standard clinical guidance is still lacking for prescribing, monitoring, patient education, and follow-up of patients on oral chemotherapy across the healthcare settings. The purpose of this project is to establish an oral chemotherapy monitoring clinic, to create drug and lab specific provider order sets for prescribing and lab monitoring, and ultimately to ensure safe and effective treatment of the veterans we serve...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Priya Sahadeo, Robert J Weber
On March 28, 2014, The United States Pharmacopeia and The National Formulary (USP-NF) published USP General Chapter <800> Hazardous Drugs-Handling in Healthcare Settings, as open for public comment in the USP Pharmacopeial Forum (PF) 40(3). Pharmacy directors must be proactive in understanding the impact that USP <800> will have on their processes for preparing sterile products. USP General Chapter <797> pertains to the compounding of both hazardous and nonhazardous drugs. USP <800> serves as a new standard to guide the handling of hazardous drugs in order to protect patients, health care personnel, and the environment...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
Steven Jarrett, Theodor Dingermann
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists are the recognized experts in pharmacotherapy. With the recent introduction of biosimilar agents into the US market, pharmacists are poised to play a pivotal role in evaluating their risks versus benefits within the framework of cost containment. PURPOSE: This article provides hospital pharmacists with the necessary information on the principles surrounding the development, approval process, and use of biosimilars. METHODS: Information contained in this article enables hospital pharmacists to identify concerns relating to biosimilars, implement educational components, and successfully evaluate biosimilars for the addition to the formulary...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
Andrea L Murphy, Ruth Martin-Misener, Stan P Kutcher, Claire L O'Reilly, Timothy F Chen, David M Gardner
BACKGROUND: The role of community pharmacists is changing globally with pharmacists engaging in more clinically-oriented roles, including in mental health care. Pharmacists' interventions have been shown to improve mental health related outcomes but various barriers can limit pharmacists in their care of patients. We aimed to explore the experiences of people with lived experience of mental illness and addictions in community pharmacies to generate findings to inform practice improvements...
October 12, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
A Brink, D Van den Bergh, M Mendelson, G A Richards
The optimisation of antibiotic use to maximise patient care and safety through antibiotic stewardship forms one of the cornerstones of the global response to antibiotic resistance. Stewardship efforts in low- and middle-income countries are challenged by lack of healthcare professionals trained in infection. Therefore, in resource-poor settings, the traditional model of infection specialist-led stewardship may be impractical, requiring new models to be developed. A recent South African study across 47 Netcare hospitals nationally highlighted the role of pharmacists in this regard, proving that non-specialised pharmacists can drive a prospective audit, feedback collaborative strategy and a range of improvement science principles to reduce antibiotic consumption by the same levels as that documented in high-resource, infection specialist-led stewardship programmes...
September 6, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Otuto Amarauche Chukwu, Valentine Nnaemeka Ezeanochikwa, Benedict Ejikeme Eya
PURPOSE: Reducing global disease burden requires improving access to medicines, thus the need for efficient and effective supply chain management for medicines. The Nigerian government came up with new policies on Mega Drug Distribution Centres and National Drug Distribution Guidelines to improve access to quality medicines with pharmacists having a key role to play. However, pharmacists in Nigeria seem not to be aware and adequately equipped to handle the medicines supply chain. This article aimed at assessing the awareness and readiness of Nigerian pharmacists on supply chain management practices for improving access to medicines...
September 12, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Damian Swieczkowski, Piotr Merks, Marcin Gruchala, Milosz Jaguszewski
October 7, 2016: Kardiologia Polska
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