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Pharmacist role

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317138/impact-of-providing-psychiatry-specialty-pharmacist-intervention-on-reducing-drug-related-problems-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-related-to-disruptive-behavioural-symptoms-a-prospective-randomized-open-label-study
#1
R Wongpakaran, T Suansanae, T Tan-Khum, C Kraivichian, R Ongarjsakulman, C Suthisisang
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Psychopharmacologic therapy has so far focused on ameliorating disruptive behaviours to improve patient's function and quality of life. Due to the complicated neurobiological aetiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a traditional pharmacist intervention may be insufficient to initiate the optimal care for this vulnerable population. We evaluate the impact of providing specialty psychiatry (PS) pharmacist intervention in identifying and resolving drug-related problems (DRPs) among children with ASD associated with disruptive behaviours...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302923/improving-medication-safety-and-diabetes-management-in-hong-kong-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#2
A Ys Chung, S Anand, I Ck Wong, K Cb Tan, C Ff Wong, W Cm Chui, E W Chan
INTRODUCTION: Patients with diabetes often require complex medication regimens. The positive impact of pharmacists on improving diabetes management or its co-morbidities has been recognised worldwide. This study aimed to characterise drug-related problems among diabetic patients in Hong Kong and their clinical significance, and to explore the role of pharmacists in the multidisciplinary diabetes management team by evaluating the outcome of their clinical interventions. METHODS: An observational study was conducted at the Diabetes Clinic of a public hospital in Hong Kong from October 2012 to March 2014...
March 17, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299527/do-pharmacists-use-social-media-for-patient-care
#3
Arcelio Benetoli, Timothy F Chen, Marion Schaefer, Betty Chaar, Parisa Aslani
Background Social media are frequently used by consumers and healthcare professionals. However, it is not clear how pharmacists use social media as part of their daily professional practice. Objective This study investigated the role social media play in pharmacy practice, particularly in patient care and how pharmacists interact online with patients and laypeople. Setting Face-to-face, telephone, or Skype interviews with practising pharmacists (n = 31) from nine countries. Method In-depth semi-structured interviews; audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295269/role-and-value-of-clinical-pharmacy-in-heart-failure-management
#4
Wendy Gattis Stough, J Herbert Patterson
Effectively managing heart failure requires a multi-disciplinary, holistic approach attuned to many factors: diagnosis of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities; medication, device, or surgical management; concomitant treatment of comorbidities; physical rehabilitation; dietary considerations; and social factors. This practice paper highlights the pharmacist's role in the management of patients with heart failure, the evidence supporting their functions, and steps to ensure the pharmacist resource is available to the broad population of patients with heart failure...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292508/pharmacy-based-statewide-naloxone-distribution-a-novel-top-down-bottom-up-approach
#5
Kate J Morton, Brianna Harrand, Carly Cloud Floyd, Craig Schaefer, Julie Acosta, Bridget Claire Logan, Karen Clark
OBJECTIVE: To highlight New Mexico's multifaceted approach to widespread pharmacy naloxone distribution and to share the interventions as a tool for improving pharmacy-based naloxone practices in other states. SETTING: New Mexico had the second highest drug overdose death rate in 2014 of which 53% were related to prescription opioids. Opioid overdose death is preventable through the use of naloxone, a safe and effective medication that reverses the effects of prescription opioids and heroin...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292507/opioid-exit-plan-a-pharmacist-s-role-in-managing-acute-postoperative-pain
#6
Cheryl Genord, Timothy Frost, Deeb Eid
OBJECTIVES: The benefits of a pharmacist's involvement in medication reconciliation and discharge counseling are well documented in the literature as improving patient outcomes. In contrast, no studies have focused on the initiation of a pharmacist-led opioid exit plan (OEP) for acute postoperative pain management. This paper summarizes a pharmacist-led OEP practice model and the potential role that pharmacists and student pharmacists can have at the point of admission, during postoperative recovery, and on discharge in acute pain management patients...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291673/mail-order-pharmacy-experience-of-veterans-living-with-aids-hiv
#7
Karishma Rohanraj Desai, Betty Chewning, Andrew Wilcox, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: The VA system is the largest single provider of healthcare in the United States and to individuals infected with HIV specifically. High quality medication management is particularly important since HIV is a chronic infectious condition which requires taking multiple medications with strict requirements for adherence to medication regimens. Veterans Administration (VA) patients are required to obtain all chronic medications using the VA mail-order pharmacy system. OBJECTIVE: Drawing on Donabedian's Quality Improvement framework, this study sought to examine experiences that Veterans with HIV have with the Veterans Administration medication mail-order system, and to explore opportunities for quality improvement...
February 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289300/pharmacy-interns-perception-of-their-professional-role
#8
Stense Vestergaard, Lotte Stig Nørgaard, Janine Marie Traulsen, Susanne Kaae
Objective. To determine pharmacy interns' perceptions of the roles of the pharmacist and pharmacy prior to and during the pharmacy internship and to compare their perceptions with those of their supervisors and the pharmacy customers. Methods. Questionnaires were completed and submitted by 395 interns prior to and during their internships. Interns interviewed their supervisors and two to four local customers. Results. Ninety-six supervisors and 285 customers were interviewed. Interns' perceptions were aligned with those of their supervisors in that both groups indicated that a pharmacist's most important role is that of a clinical leader...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286591/conflict-in-community-pharmacy-practice-the-experience-of-pharmacists-technicians-and-assistants
#9
Paul A M Gregory, Zubin Austin
BACKGROUND: Intraprofessional conflict among pharmacists, regulated technicians and assistants may undermine attempts to advance patient care in community pharmacy. There is no available research examining this issue in light of the evolution of the profession and roles within the profession. METHODS: A combination of interviews and focus groups involving pharmacists, technicians and assistants was undertaken. Each participant completed the Conflict Management Scale as a way of identifying conflict management style...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285775/the-certainty-in-consumers-willingness-to-accept-pharmacist-provided-medication-therapy-management-services
#10
Lawrence M Brown, Mohamed E Rashrash, Jon C Schommer
OBJECTIVES: To describe consumers' willingness to accept medication therapy management (MTM) services provided by a pharmacist. DESIGN: Cross-sectional Internet survey included questions about willingness to use 11 components of MTM services. PARTICIPANTS: The data of 8352 United States' adults who were on 3 or more medications were obtained from the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists' Roles, which included 26,173 respondents...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285390/improving-communication-of-medication-changes-using-a-pharmacist-prepared-discharge-medication-management-summary
#11
Choon Ean Ooi, Olivia Rofe, Michelle Vienet, Rohan A Elliott
Background Discontinuity of care between hospital and primary care is often due to poor information transfer. Medication information in medical discharge summaries (DS) is often incomplete or incorrect. The effectiveness and feasibility of hospital pharmacists communicating medication information, including changes made in the hospital, is not clearly defined. Objective To explore the impact of a pharmacist-prepared Discharge Medication Management Summary (DMMS) on the accuracy of information about medication changes provided to patients' general practitioners (GPs)...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274985/role-of-postgraduate-year-2-pharmacy-residents-in-providing-weekend-antimicrobial-stewardship-coverage-in-an-academic-medical-center
#12
Justin Siegfried, Cristian Merchan, Marco R Scipione, John Papadopoulos, Arash Dabestani, Yanina Dubrovskaya
PURPOSE: The integration of pharmacy residents into an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) is described, and data on the residents' ASP interventions and outcomes are reported. SUMMARY: ASP coverage of nighttime, holiday, and weekend shifts is often provided by infectious diseases (ID) medical fellows and staff pharmacists, potentially leading to inconsistent stewardship practices. As part of an initiative by a large urban hospital to provide around-the-clock, comprehensive ASP services 7 days a week, postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) pharmacy residents in ID or critical care were assigned to provide ASP coverage on weekends...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274980/development-of-a-novel-longitudinal-postgraduate-year-1-residency-training-model
#13
Brian D Host, William S Stewart, Michael J Anderson
PURPOSE: A longitudinal program design for a postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency that has enhanced residents' ability to adapt to decentralized pharmacy practice roles is described. SUMMARY: Historically, like most 12-month PGY1 residency programs, the program at Baptist Health Lexington, a 383-bed community hospital in Kentucky, offered month-long rotational learning experiences across the various service lines within the institution. As the core philosophy of the program matured, the focus of the residency program's preceptor group moved toward maximizing a facilitated learning experience for residents...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272596/a-time-and-motion-study-of-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-technicians-obtaining-admission-medication-histories
#14
Caroline B Nguyen, Rita Shane, Douglas S Bell, Galen Cook-Wiens, Joshua M Pevnick
Pharmacists' admission medication histories (AMHs) are known to reduce adverse drug events (ADEs). Pharmacist-supervised pharmacy technicians (PSPTs) have also been used in this role. Nonetheless, few studies estimate the costs of utilizing PSPTs to obtain AMHs. We used time and motion methodology to study the time and cost required for pharmacists and PSPTs to obtain AMHs for patients at high risk for ADEs. Pharmacists and PSPTs required 58.5 (95% confidence interval [CI], 46.9-70.1) and 79.4 (95% CI, 59.1-99...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270271/pharmacist-counseling-and-the-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-by-older-adults
#15
Michael D Bear, Donna Bartlett, Paula Evans
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact a medication review has on the detection and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) by older adults compared with non-NSAID users in regard to interacting drug classes, interacting comorbidities, and prior counseling by providers. DESIGN: Prospective, quasi-experiment without control. SETTING: Ambulatory. PATIENTS: Patients 60 years of age and older who contacted the pharmacy outreach program...
March 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262515/integrated-primary-care-insomnia-management-in-australia
#16
Fatema-Tun-Naher Sake, Keith Wong, Delwyn J Bartlett, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: There is growing support to expand the roles of pharmacists by recognizing their knowledge and skills beyond those around dispensing of medications. Introducing non-dispensing pharmacists at the premises of General Practitioners (GPs) for a collaborative service can potentially and significantly help to provide more effective and efficient health services, for example, in under-recognized or mismanaged conditions such as insomnia. Such a collaborative service could also reduce the costs and risks associated with long-term use of sedatives, besides improving patient's quality of life...
February 20, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261882/managing-sleep-problems-using-non-prescription-medications-and-the-role-of-community-pharmacists-older-adults-perspectives
#17
Olufunmilola Abraham, Loren J Schleiden, Amanda L Brothers, Steven M Albert
OBJECTIVES: To examine older adults' perspectives regarding managing sleep problems through selection and use of non-prescription sleep aids, and the role of pharmacists. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted from May to June 2015 with 116 individuals aged ≥60 years in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Participants reported in a previous survey to have used at least one non-prescription sleep aid in the past 30 days and were willing to participate in a follow-up interview...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260131/a-cross-sectional-survey-on-the-attitudes-and-interests-of-rural-population-towards-expanded-pharmacist-prescribing-in-india
#18
Muhammad Umair Khan, Mohammad Arief, Akram Ahmad, Sadiqa Malik, Lakhya Jyoti Gogoi, Manabendra Kalita, Fahad Saleem, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali
Background Shortage of qualified medical doctors and little or no access to basic medicines and medical facilities are the major rural health concerns in India. Expanding the role of pharmacists to provide prescribing services could improve rural health outcomes. Objective To assess the attitudes of rural population towards pharmacist prescribing and their interest in using expanded pharmacist prescribing services. Setting Rural population of Assam, India. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted for a period of 2 months from March to April 2016 in the State of Assam, India...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250325/pharmacists-roles-regarding-the-prescription-of-drugs-that-influence-driving
#19
Junko Kizu, Yasuyuki Momose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242191/comprehensive-literature-review-of-factors-influencing-medication-safety-in-nursing-homes-using-a-systems-model
#20
REVIEW
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, William R Doucette
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review were to identify the work system factors influencing medication safety measures [adverse drug events (ADEs), adverse drug reactions, or medication errors (MEs)], to determine the incidence of ADEs, and describe the most common ADEs in nursing homes (NHs). METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using PubMed and CINAHL to identify studies investigating factors that influence ADEs, adverse drug reactions, and MEs in NHs and skilled nursing facilities...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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