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Pharmacy Competencies

Jeroen M van de Pol, Jurjen G Geljon, Svetlana V Belitser, Geert W J Frederix, Anke M Hövels, Marcel L Bouvy
INTRODUCTION: The nature of community pharmacy is changing, shifting from the preparation and distribution of medicines to the provision of cognitive pharmaceutical services (CPS); however, often the provision of traditional services leaves little time for innovative services. This study investigated the time community pharmacists spend on the tasks and activities of daily practice and to what extent they are able to implement CPS-related services in daily practice. METHODS: Self-reporting work sampling was used to register the activities of community pharmacists...
March 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Che-Wei Lin, Elizabeth H Chang, Daniel L Clinciu, Yun-Ting Peng, Wen-Chen Huang, Chien-Chih Wu, Jen-Chieh Wu, Yu-Chuan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) has been used in many areas of healthcare training over the years. However, it constantly needs to be upgraded and enhanced due to technological and teaching changes. We aim at implementing an integrative OSCE method which employs informatics via the virtual patient within the pharmacy education curriculum at Taipei Medical University to enhance the pharmacy students' competence for using and disseminating information and to also improve critical thinking and clinical reasoning...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Damian Swieczkowski, Piotr Merks, Milosz Jaguszewski, Danuta Siluk
Pharmacy students should have a sufficient level of knowledge, skills, and attitude to practice pharmaceutical care effectively in the routine practice in the community pharmacy. Moreover, the strong cooperation between pharmacists and physicians is strongly needed in the process of providing pharmaceutical care. The aim of the study was to investigate the opinions of students of the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy from Medical University of Gdansk on pharmaceutical care and cognitive services and aspects of interprofessional collaboration between physicians and pharmacists under the conditions of Polish healthcare system...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Tara J Schapmire, Barbara A Head, Whitney A Nash, Pamela A Yankeelov, Christian D Furman, R Brent Wright, Rangaraj Gopalraj, Barbara Gordon, Karen P Black, Carol Jones, Madri Hall-Faul, Anna C Faul
A fragmented workforce consisting of multiple disciplines with varying levels of training and limited ability to work as a team often provides care to older adults. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential for preparing practitioners for the effective teamwork required for community-based, holistic, person-centered care of the older adults. Despite numerous programs and offerings to advance education and interdisciplinary patient care, there is an unmet need for geriatric IPE, especially as it relates to community-dwelling older adults and caregivers in medically underserved areas...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Nicholas G Popovich, Clara Okorie-Awé, Stephanie Y Crawford, Fabricio E Balcazar, Rosalyn P Vellurattil, Terry W Moore, Allison E Schriever
Objective. To determine pharmacy students' impressions of their faculty's interactions with diverse student and patient populations. Methods. Three student focus groups were convened. Eighty-four page transcripts were coded, and emergent themes were identified by qualitative analysis. Results. Students defined diversity as multidimensional beyond traditional categories. Emergent themes were faculty awareness or lack of awareness of cultural diversity, disparate cultural perspectives and preferences within student groups, teaching/learning approaches to prepare students to be more culturally competent, and student group dynamics...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Cora L F Visser, Rashmi A Kusurkar, Gerda Croiset, Olle Ten Cate, Hendrika E Westerveld
PURPOSE: Interprofessional Education (IPE) may depend for its success not only on cognitive gains of learners, but also on affective and motivational benefits. According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), a major motivation theory, autonomy (feeling of choice), competence (feeling of capability), and relatedness (feeling of belonging) drive motivation in a way that can improve performance. We investigated which elements of IPE in a clinical ward potentially influence students' feelings in these three areas...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
Daniel Sabater-Hernández, Jacqueline Tudball, Caleb Ferguson, Lucía Franco-Trigo, Lutfun N Hossain, Shalom I Benrimoj
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacies provide a suitable setting to promote self-screening programs aimed at enhancing the early detection of atrial fibrillation (AF). Developing and implementing novel community pharmacy services (CPSs) is a complex and acknowledged challenge, which requires comprehensive planning and the participation of relevant stakeholders. Co-design processes are participatory research approaches that can enhance the development, evaluation and implementation of health services...
February 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Kimberly C McKeirnan, Kyle R Frazier, Maryann Nguyen, Linda Garrelts MacLean
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an immunization training program for pharmacy technicians on technicians' self-reported confidence, knowledge, and number of vaccines administered. METHODS: A one-group pre- and posttest study was conducted with certified pharmacy technicians from Albertsons and Safeway community pharmacies in Idaho. Thirty pharmacy technicians were recruited to participate in an immunization administration training program comprising a 2-hour home study and a 2-hour live training...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Zachary Singer, Kevin Fung, Elaine Lillie, Jennifer McLeod, Grace Scott, Peng You, Krista Helleman
Interprofessional health care teams have been shown to improve patient safety and reduce medical errors, among other benefits. Introducing interprofessional concepts to students in full day events is an established model that allows students to learn together. Our group developed an academic day for first-year students devoted to an introductory interprofessional education (IPE) experience, 'IPE Day'. In total, 438 students representing medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and optometry gathered together, along with 25 facilitators, for IPE Day...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Laura Monahan, Kathleen Sparbel, Judie Heinschel, Kathryn Wirtz Rugen, Kelly Rosenberger
AIM: This article describes a job-shadowing project that partnered second-year medical and third-year pharmacy students with an advanced practice nurse (APN) for a four-hour job- shadowing experience. BACKGROUND: In order to address the Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) Expert Panel core competencies of interprofessional communication, teamwork, and roles/responsibilities, this project implemented a job-shadowing experience to increase students' knowledge of APN roles and interprofessional collaborative team practices...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Isabel A Barata, Joriane M Stadnyck, Meredith Akerman, Kate OʼNeill, Jill Castaneda, Anupama Subramony, Paula Fessler, Charles Schleien, John DʼAngelo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A gap analysis of emergency departments' (EDs') pediatric readiness across a health system was performed after the appointment of a service line health system pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) quality director. METHODS: A 55-question survey was completed by each eligible ED to generate a weighted pediatric readiness score (WPRS). The survey included questions regarding volume, ED configuration, presence of a pediatric emergency care coordinator (PECC), quality initiatives, policies and procedures, and equipment...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Sunicha Chanvatik, Varavoot Sermsinsiri, Somsajee Sivilaikul, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Shunmay Yeung, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
Objective: To analyse how antibiotics are imported, manufactured, distributed and regulated in Thailand. Methods: We gathered information, on antibiotic distribution in Thailand, in in-depth interviews - with 43 key informants from farms, health facilities, pharmaceutical and animal feed industries, private pharmacies and regulators- and in database and literature searches. Findings: In 2016-2017, licensed antibiotic distribution in Thailand involves over 700 importers and about 24 000 distributors - e...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Matthew Lengel, Catherine H Kuhn, Marcia Worley, Allison M Wehr, James W McAuley
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of technician involvement on the completion of medication therapy management (MTM) services in a community pharmacy setting and to describe pharmacists' and technicians' perceptions of technician involvement in MTM-related tasks and their satisfaction with the technician's role in MTM. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In the fall of 2015, pharmacists and selected technicians from 32 grocery store-based community pharmacies were trained to use technicians within MTM services...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Pragashnie Govender, Verusia Chetty, Deshini Naidoo, Ntsikelelo Pefile
BACKGROUND: The Integrated Decentralized Training (i-DecT) project was created to address the current need for health care in South Africa among resource poor climates in rural and periurban settings. The University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) in South Africa has embarked on a program within the School of Health Sciences (SHS) to decentralize the clinical learning platform in order to address this disparity. Framed in a pragmatic stance, this proposal is geared towards informing the roll out of decentralized clinical training (DCT) within the province of KwaZulu-Natal...
January 25, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Jeff J Nagge, Michael F Lee-Poy, Cynthia L Richard
Objective. To measure changes in interprofessional competencies among pharmacy and medical students following a half-day event focusing on interprofessional learning. Methods. There were 118 pharmacy students and 28 medical students who participated in the Healthcare Interprofessional Education Day (HIPED) which consisted of three stations (communication, patient interviewing, and prescribing) in which pharmacy and medical students had to work collaboratively. The standardized Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS) was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Ellen I Schafheutle, Samuel D Jee, Sarah C Willis
BACKGROUND: In Great Britain (GB), pharmacy technicians (PTs) are registered professionals, with their education and training regulated; little is known about this or the learning environment in which it takes place. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to profile recently registered pre-registration trainee pharmacy technicians (PTPTs) in GB and capture views on PTPTs' training experiences, focussing on differences in community and hospital settings. METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted in 2013-14, following university ethics approval...
December 16, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Ben Darlow, Melanie Brown, Peter Gallagher, Lesley Gray, Eileen McKinlay, Gordon Purdie, Christine Wilson, Sue Pullon
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional practice is recognised as an important element of safe and effective healthcare. However, few studies exist that evaluate how preregistration education contributes to interprofessional competencies, and how these competencies develop throughout the early years of a health professional's career. This quasiexperimental study will gather longitudinal data during students' last year of preregistration training and their first 3 years of professional practice to evaluate the ongoing development of interprofessional competencies and the influence that preregistration education including an explicit interprofessional education (IPE) programme may have on these...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
Bianca Au, Deonne Dersch-Mills, Sunita Ghosh, Jennifer Jupp, Carole Chambers, Frances Cusano, Melanie Danilak
Purpose To describe the practice settings and prescribing practices of oncology pharmacists with additional prescribing authorization. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of all oncology pharmacists in Alberta was conducted using a web-based questionnaire over four weeks between March and April 2016. Pharmacists were identified from the Cancer Services Pharmacy Directory and leadership staff in Alberta Health Services. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the practice setting, prescribing practices, motivators to apply for additional prescribing authorization, and the facilitators and barriers of prescribing...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Arit Udoh, Andreia Bruno, Ian Bates, Kirsten Galbraith
BACKGROUND: Previous work by the International Pharmaceutical Federation Education Initiative (FIPEd) demonstrates that even though some country-specific variations occur in pharmacy practice, there exists a set of practice-related competencies that are globally applicable. This study aimed to evaluate the transnational comparability of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society Advanced Pharmacy Framework (RPS-APF, Great Britain) and the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Framework for Australia (APPF)...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Benjamin J Lee, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Marc H Scheetz, Milena M McLaughlin
Objective. To describe the implementation of a near-peer training model within a student research program. Methods. A near-peer training model was implemented in a pharmacy student research program to promote development of effective teaching skills and research competencies. Under the supervision of a research mentor, senior learners precepted junior learners in various aspects of translational research. A three-step teaching process was employed throughout the experience in which junior learners performed an assigned task, senior learners provided guidance and mentorship, and research mentors provided feedback for improvement...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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