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Pharmacy Competencies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315858/how-does-culture-affect-experiential-training-feedback-in-exported-canadian-health-professional-curricula
#1
Kerry Wilbur, Rasha Mousa Bacha, Somaia Abdelaziz
Objectives: To explore feedback processes of Western-based health professional student training curricula conducted in an Arab clinical teaching setting. Methods: This qualitative study employed document analysis of in-training evaluation reports (ITERs) used by Canadian nursing, pharmacy, respiratory therapy, paramedic, dental hygiene, and pharmacy technician programs established in Qatar. Six experiential training program coordinators were interviewed between February and May 2016 to explore how national cultural differences are perceived to affect feedback processes between students and clinical supervisors...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292501/indian-health-service-pharmacists-engaged-in-opioid-safety-initiatives-and-expanding-access-to-naloxone
#2
Hillary Duvivier, Samantha Gustafson, Morgan Greutman, Tenzin Jangchup, Ashlee Knapp Harden, Aimee Reinhard, Keith Warshany
OBJECTIVE: To develop effective pharmacy-based interventions to mitigate harm from opioid use disorders. Programs include responsible opioid prescribing, expanded access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT), naloxone, and community interventions. SETTING: Clinical pharmacists practicing at Indian Health Service (IHS) locations in the Southwest, Midwest, and Great Lakes regions. These pharmacists serve culturally diverse American Indian populations throughout the United States and interface with tribal and federal programs to impact the opioid epidemic in Indian Country...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281832/outcomes-of-introducing-early-learners-to-interprofessional-competencies-in-a-classroom-setting
#3
Kelly S Lockeman, Sharon K Lanning, Alan W Dow, Joseph A Zorek, Deborah DiazGranados, Carole K Ivey, Shawne Soper
PROBLEM: Although interprofessional practice is important for improving healthcare delivery, there is little evidence describing interprofessional education (IPE) outcomes beyond changes in attitudes and knowledge of prelicensure learners. More rigorous evaluation of early IPE is needed to determine its impact on teaching interprofessional collaborative practice and providing a solid foundation for applying collaborative skills in the clinical environment. INTERVENTION: First-year students (N = 679) in 7 health professions programs participated in a 4-session series focusing on professional roles and responsibilities, teams and teamwork, and the healthcare system...
March 10, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274988/incorporation-of-lean-methodology-into-pharmacy-residency-programs
#4
Natalie John, Holly Snider, Lisa Edgerton, Laurie Whalin
PURPOSE: The implementation of lean methodology into pharmacy residency programs at a community teaching hospital is described. SUMMARY: New Hanover Regional Medical Center, a community teaching hospital in southeastern North Carolina, fully adopted a lean culture in 2010. Given the success of lean strategies organizationally, this methodology was used to assist with the evaluation and development of its pharmacy residency programs in 2014. Lean tools and activities have also been incorporated into residency requirements and rotation learning activities...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274982/implementation-of-an-interprofessional-clinical-pharmacology-selective-learning-experience-for-pharmacy-residents-and-medical-students
#5
Garrett E Schramm, Prasanna P Narayanan, Darryl S Chutka, Wayne T Nicholson
PURPOSE: The implementation of an interprofessional clinical pharmacology selective (CPS) learning experience for pharmacy residents and medical students is described. SUMMARY: The opportunity for pharmacy residents to provide didactic lectures at a college of pharmacy and to develop teaching and preceptor skills with experiential pharmacy students may be limited by institution-specific affiliations and geographic location. In order to overcome these barriers, the Mayo Clinic Hospital postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency program implemented an interprofessional learning experience in which pharmacy residents serve the role of preceptors for first- and second-year medical students on a CPS...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247517/hematology-oncology-pharmacy-association-entry-level-competencies-task-force-response-statement-to-the-2016-american-college-of-clinical-pharmacy-accp-pharmacotherapy-didactic-curriculum-toolkit
#6
Ginah Nightingale, Ila M Saunders, Jill M Comeau, Karen Fancher, Tim Miller, Cindy O'Bryant, Jason Yeh
As more disease states have an increasing number of therapeutic options, pharmacy schools are continuously challenged to provide pharmacy students with a comprehensive education in a finite amount of time. It is particularly challenging to determine which diseases and associated therapeutic options should be included in the curriculum. The 2016 ACCP Pharmacotherapy Didactic Curriculum Toolkit seeks to provide clarity and guidance to schools and colleges of pharmacy to assist with curricular development.(1) Oncologic disorders are a vital part of the pharmacy curricula and are taught in the majority of colleges of pharmacy in the United States in the didactic and experiential setting...
March 1, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239002/racial-dynamics-and-cultural-competence-training-in-medical-and-pharmacy-education
#7
Margarita Echeverri, Theresa Dise
Using the Self-Assessment of Perceived Level of Cultural Competence (SAPLCC) questionnaire, frequencies, means, and ANOVAS were determined to create medical and pharmacy student profiles of cultural competence. Profiles were used to identify needs for training and underscore critical issues that should be given priority in the curriculum. Significant differences were found in several domains of cultural competence (knowledge, skills, attitudes, and abilities); they may be explained by differences in the implementation of a pilot curriculum, the racial composition of students in both programs, and other characteristics...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231045/original-research-paper-public-health-care-system-a-quasi-experimental-study-acceptance-and-attitude-to-implicate-clinical-services
#8
Syed Wasif Gillani, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul
A six-month longitudinal intervention arm study with a pre-post cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was performed. A 3-phase objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) design was utilized for evaluation of acceptance and attitude of pharmacy students towards clinical pharmacy services. The pre-OSCE survey showed increased disagreement with the role of clinical pharmacists, compared to a significant positive shift in attitude towards their services in the healthcare team after 6 months of the trial...
March 1, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179716/a-modified-delphi-process-to-define-competencies-for-assessment-leads-supporting-a-doctor-of-pharmacy-program
#9
Kristin K Janke, Katherine A Kelley, Burgunda V Sweet, Sarah E Kuba
Objective. To define the competencies for individuals designated as assessment leads in colleges and schools of pharmacy. Methods. Twenty-three assessment experts in pharmacy participated in a modified Delphi process to describe competencies for an assessment lead, defined as the individual responsible for curricular assessment and assessment-related to doctor of pharmacy program accreditation. Round 1 asked open-ended questions about knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Round 2 grouped responses for comment and rating for consensus, which was prospectively set at 80%...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100204/acceptance-and-attitudes-of-healthcare-staff-towards-the-introduction-of-clinical-pharmacy-service-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#10
Lelwala Guruge Thushani Shanika, Chandrani Nirmala Wijekoon, Shaluka Jayamanne, Judith Coombes, Ian Coombes, Nilani Mamunuwa, Andrew Hamilton Dawson, Hithanadura Asita De Silva
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary patient management including a clinical pharmacist shows an improvement in patient quality use of medicine. Implementation of a clinical pharmacy service represents a significant novel change in practice in Sri Lanka. Although attitudes of doctors and nurses are an important determinant of successful implementation, there is no Sri Lankan data about staff attitudes to such changes in clinical practice. This study determines the level of acceptance and attitudes of doctors and nurses towards the introduction of a ward-based clinical pharmacy service in Sri Lanka...
January 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095829/a-middle-eastern-journey-of-integrating-interprofessional-education-into-the-healthcare-curriculum-a-swoc-analysis
#11
Alla El-Awaisi, Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Ahmed Awaisu, Bridget Paravattil
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is an emerging concept in the Middle East with a number of health professional degree programs continually striving to meet international accreditation requirements to enhance the quality of education and ensure high standards are maintained. Using the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University (CPH QU) as a model, this article describes the IPE initiatives coordinated through the College's IPE Committee, with representation from fourteen programs at four Healthcare institutions: Qatar University; Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar; the University of Calgary in Qatar; and the College of North Atlantic in Qatar...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090108/a-process-for-curricular-improvement-based-on-evaluation-of-student-performance-on-milestone-examinations
#12
Marcy Hernick, Ann C Hylton, Michael Justice
Objective. To identify and address areas for curricular improvement by evaluating student achievement of expected learning outcomes and competencies on annual milestone examinations. Design. Students were tested each professional year with a comprehensive milestone examination designed to evaluate student achievement of learning outcomes and professional competencies using a combination of multiple-choice questions, standardized patient assessments (SPAs), and objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) questions...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090106/an-interprofessional-simulation-using-the-sbar-communication-tool
#13
Matthew Kostoff, Crystal Burkhardt, Abigail Winter, Sarah Shrader
Objective. To determine the impact of an interprofessional simulation using the SBAR (situation-background-assessment-recommendation/request) communication tool on pharmacy students' self-perception of interprofessional competence and reactions towards interprofessional collaboration. Design. Ninety-six pharmacy students participated in an interprofessional simulation within a required applications-based capstone course. Pharmacy students collaborated with nursing students on multiple patient cases in various settings using the SBAR communication tool over the telephone...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090104/interprofessional-online-global-health-course
#14
Therese I Poirier, Radhika Devraj, Faustina Blankson, Huaibo Xin
Objective. The design and evaluation of an online global health course targeted for pharmacy and other undergraduates is presented. Design. Enrolled students represented nursing, health education, pharmacy and a variety of other disciplines. The course was designed as an entirely online one with no class meetings. The course consisted of eight modules addressing global health competencies and interprofessional education competencies. Readings, quizzes, study question and team projects were tailored to the goals of each module...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060838/attitudes-and-readiness-of-students-of-healthcare-professions-towards-interprofessional-learning
#15
Mari Kannan Maharajan, Kingston Rajiah, Suan Phaik Khoo, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Ranjit De Alwis, Hui Cing Chui, Lui Lee Tan, Yee Ning Tan, Shin Yee Lau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the attitudes and readiness of students of healthcare professions towards interprofessional learning. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study design was used. Two different scales were used to measure the readiness for and perception of interprofessional learning; these were the 'Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale' and the 'Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale'. A convenience sampling method was employed. The sample was drawn from undergraduate students enrolled in years 1 to 5 of medical, dental, pharmacy and health sciences programme...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905078/improving-the-provision-of-otc-medication-information-in-community-pharmacies-in-poland
#16
Anna Piecuch, Magdalena Makarewicz-Wujec, Małgorzata Kozłowska-Wojciechowska
Background An informed or shared decision-making model is desirable to support the choice of over-the-counter (OTC) medications in pharmacies: it respects patient empowerment in self-medication. Such a model is achievable provided that pharmacists are a credible, competent information source open to patient needs. Objective To study the dependencies among selected factors that may influence the provision of OTC medication information. The study was conducted from the perspective of a community pharmacist. Method The study consisted of an auditorium survey with a self-administered questionnaire...
February 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904305/minnesota-pharmacists-and-medical-cannabis-a-survey-of-knowledge-concerns-and-interest-prior-to-program-launch
#17
Joy Hwang, Tom Arneson, Wendy St Peter
OBJECTIVES: To assess Minnesota pharmacists' preparedness for the state's medical cannabis program in terms of professional competency in policies and regulations and in pharmacotherapy, as well as their concerns and perceptions about the impact on their practice. The secondary objective was to identify pharmacists' perceptions about ways to reduce potential gaps in knowledge. METHODS: A Web-based 14-item questionnaire was distributed to all pharmacists whose email addresses were registered with the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy...
November 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902840/team-based-interprofessional-competency-training-for-dementia-screening-and-management
#18
Zaldy S Tan, JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez, Mary Cadogan, Daphna Gans, Rachel M Price, Sharon S Merkin, Lee Jennings, Heather Schickedanz, Sam Shimomura, Dan Osterweil, Joshua Chodosh
As many as 50% of people satisfying diagnostic criteria for dementia are undiagnosed. A team-based training program for dementia screening and management was developed targeting four professions (medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work) whose scope of practice involves dementia care. An interprofessional group of 10 faculty members was trained to facilitate four interactive competency stations on dementia screening, differential diagnoses, dementia management and team care planning, and screening for and managing caregiver stress...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899832/development-and-application-of-a-stepwise-assessment-process-for-rational-redesign-of-sequential-skills-based-courses
#19
Casey E Gallimore, Andrea L Porter, Susanne G Barnett
Objective. To develop and apply a stepwise process to assess achievement of course learning objectives related to advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) preparedness and inform redesign of sequential skills-based courses. Design. Four steps comprised the assessment and redesign process: (1) identify skills critical for APPE preparedness; (2) utilize focus groups and course evaluations to determine student competence in skill performance; (3) apply course mapping to identify course deficits contributing to suboptimal skill performance; and (4) initiate course redesign to target exposed deficits...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899831/evidence-of-criterion-validity-for-one-pharmacy-school-s-progress-examination-program
#20
Greg L Alston, Wes R Haltom
Objective. To provide evidence that the progress examination program accurately assesses student failure to demonstrate competence. Methods. A progress examination program aligned with each grade level was locally developed and administered annually to 289 PharmD students in the spring of their first year - fourth year. Correlations and linear regressions were performed to compare the examination scores to performance on national licensing examinations and cumulative didactic grade point average (GPA). Odds ratio analysis was run to determine the ability of the passing scores of the progress examination to identify students at increased risk of failing to graduate on time, earn a GPA below 3...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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