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Pharmacy Competencies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720915/evaluation-of-the-use-of-a-virtual-patient-on-student-competence-and-confidence-in-performing-simulated-clinic-visits
#1
Catherine A Taglieri, Steven J Crosby, Kristin Zimmerman, Tulip Schneider, Dhiren K Patel
Objective. To assess the effect of incorporating virtual patient activities in a pharmacy skills lab on student competence and confidence when conducting real-time comprehensive clinic visits with mock patients. Methods. Students were randomly assigned to a control or intervention group. The control group completed the clinic visit prior to completing virtual patient activities. The intervention group completed the virtual patient activities prior to the clinic visit. Student proficiency was evaluated in the mock lab...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684916/simulated-interprofessional-learning-activities-for-rural-health-care-services-perceptions-of-health-care-students
#2
Selina Taylor, Yaqoot Fatima, Navaratnam Lakshman, Helen Roberts
BACKGROUND: The literature on interprofessional learning (IPL) has limited empirical evidence on the impact of simulated IPL sessions in promoting collaborative health care services in rural settings. This study aims to explore health care students' perception of the relevance of simulated IPL for rural health care services. METHODS: Three focus group interviews were held with pre-registration medical, pharmacy, and allied health students (n=22). Students worked together to manage complex simulation scenarios in small interprofessional teams...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665002/what-do-employers-think-their-role-is-in-ensuring-language-proficiency-of-internationally-trained-pharmacists
#3
Zainab Ziaei, Karen Hassell, Ellen I Schafheutle
OBJECTIVES: Until 2016, internationally trained pharmacists (ITPs) from the European Economic Area (EEA) did not need to prove sufficient language proficiency to the pharmacy regulator upon registration. Pharmacists themselves have a professional responsibility to ensure they can communicate and work effectively, but some responsibility also rests with employers, yet very little research has explored this. The aim of this study was to explore employer views of the communicative proficiency of ITPs whose first language was not English, their role as employers and potential implications for patient safety...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663062/community-pharmacist-training-and-communication-network-and-drug-related-problems-in-patients-with-ckd-a-multicenter-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lyne Lalonde, Patricia Quintana-Bárcena, Anne Lord, Robert Bell, Valérie Clément, Anne-Marie Daigneault, Marie-Ève Legris, Sara Letendre, Marie Mouchbahani, Ghaya Jouini, Joëlle Azar, Élisabeth Martin, Djamal Berbiche, Stephanie Beaulieu, Sébastien Beaunoyer, Émilie Bertin, Marianne Bouvrette, Noémie Charbonneau-Séguin, Jean-François Desrochers, Katherine Desforges, Ariane Dumoulin-Charette, Sébastien Dupuis, Maryame El Bouchikhi, Roxanne Forget, Marianne Guay, Jean-Phillippe Lemieux, Claudia Morin-Bélanger, Isabelle Noël, Stephanie Ricard, Patricia Sauvé, François Ste-Marie Paradis
BACKGROUND: Appropriate training for community pharmacists may improve the quality of medication use. Few studies have reported the impact of such programs on medication management for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, cluster-randomized, controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients with CKD stage 3a, 3b, or 4 from 6 CKD clinics (Quebec, Canada) and their community pharmacies. INTERVENTION: Each cluster (a pharmacy and its patients) was randomly assigned to either ProFiL, a training-and-communication network program, or the control group...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627110/patient-preferences-for-healthcare-delivery-through-community-pharmacy-settings-in-the-usa-a-discrete-choice-study
#5
M Feehan, M Walsh, J Godin, D Sundwall, M A Munger
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In order to improve public health, it is necessary to facilitate patients' easy access to affordable high-quality primary health care, and one enhanced approach to do so may be to provide primary healthcare services in the community pharmacy setting. Discrete choice experiments to evaluate patient demand for services in pharmacy are relatively limited and have been hampered by a focus on only a few service alternatives, most focusing on changes in more traditional pharmacy services...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619417/point-of-care-testing-for-anemia-diabetes-and-hypertension-a-pharmacy-based-model-in-lima-peru
#6
Enrique M Saldarriaga, Elisabeth Vodicka, Sayda La Rosa, Maria Valderrama, Patricia J Garcia
BACKGROUND: Prevention and control of chronic diseases is a high priority for many low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of training pharmacy workers to provide point-of-care testing for 3 chronic diseases-hypertension, diabetes, and anemia-to improve disease detection and awareness through private pharmacies. METHODS: We developed a multiphase training curriculum for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians to build capacity for identification of risk factors, patient education, point-of-care testing, and referral for abnormal results...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617834/community-pharmacists-interest-in-and-attitude-to-pharmacy-practice-research-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Chernet Tafere Negesse, Yared Belete Belay
Pharmacy practice-research became an important component in the pharmacy practice. However, limited studies were conducted in sub-Saharan Africa to understand the pharmacists' interest and attitude towards pharmacy practice-research. We aimed to assess the community pharmacists' interest and attitude towards pharmacy practice-research in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among community pharmacists in eight major cities in Ethiopia. A validated 25-item self-administered questionnaire covering interest and attitude related to pharmacy practice-research was distributed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608718/apocalypse-now
#8
Michael T Rupp
Despite the wishful thinking of those who have long prophesied an imminent surge in demand for clinical pharmacists, the tipping point for healthy supply-demand balance in pharmacy has almost certainly been surpassed. Imprudent overbuilding of pharmacy programs has combined with trends toward increasing automation and consolidation in pharmacy practice to create an existential threat in pharmacy education. Surviving the looming industry shakeout will require schools and colleges of pharmacy to do what our colleagues in practice and the private sector have always done: compete...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570393/can-source-triangulation-be-used-to-overcome-limitations-of-self-assessments-assessing-educational-needs-and-professional-competence-of-pharmacists-practicing-in-qatar
#9
Nadir Kheir, Muna Said Al-Ismail, Reem Al-Nakeeb
INTRODUCTION: Continuing professional development activities should be designed to meet the identified personal goals of the learner. This article aims to explore the self-perceived competency levels and the professional educational needs of pharmacists in Qatar and to compare these with observations of pharmacy students undergoing experiential training in pharmacies (students) and pharmacy academics, directors, and managers (managers). METHODS: Three questionnaires were developed and administered to practicing pharmacists, undergraduate pharmacy students who have performed structured experiential training rotations in multiple pharmacy outlets in Qatar and pharmacy managers...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562496/can-source-triangulation-be-used-to-overcome-limitations-of-self-assessments-assessing-educational-needs-and-professional-competence-of-pharmacists-practicing-in-qatar
#10
Nadir Kheir, Muna Said Al-Ismail, Reem Al-Nakeeb
INTRODUCTION: Continuing professional development activities should be designed to meet the identified personal goals of the learner. This article aims to explore the self-perceived competency levels and the professional educational needs of pharmacists in Qatar and to compare these with observations of pharmacy students undergoing experiential training in pharmacies (students) and pharmacy academics, directors, and managers (managers). METHODS: Three questionnaires were developed and administered to practicing pharmacists, undergraduate pharmacy students who have performed structured experiential training rotations in multiple pharmacy outlets in Qatar and pharmacy managers...
April 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561871/promoting-role-clarity-for-health-professional-students-participating-in-an-interprofessional-behavior-change-counseling-workshop
#11
JoAnne M Saxe, Kirsten Balano, Maria Wamsley, Midori Nakajima, Tina Brock
Interprofessional role clarity is linked to improving team collaboration and clinical care, yet there are barriers to implementing interprofessional curricula targeted to learner achievement of this competency. A behavior change counseling skills workshop for first-year advanced practice nursing (APN) (n=153) and third-year pharmacy (PharmD) (n=127) students was modified to include learning experiences for enhancing interprofessional role clarity. Students rated the importance of each profession's contributions in nine patient care activities before and after the workshop...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551477/an-evaluation-of-approaches-used-to-teach-quality-improvement-to-pre-registration-healthcare-professionals-an-integrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Lorraine Armstrong, Ashley Shepherd, Fiona Harris
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of healthcare remains central to UK and international policy, practice and research. In 2003, The Institute of Medicine's 'Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality', advocated quality improvement as a core competency for all healthcare professionals. As a result, developing capacity and capability of those applying improvement methodologies in the pre-registration population has risen, yet, little is known about the teaching approaches employed for this purpose...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547729/doctors-and-nurses-perceptions-of-a-ward-based-pharmacist-in-rural-northern-sweden
#13
Maria Sjölander, Maria Gustafsson, Gisselle Gallego
Background This project is part of the prospective quasi experimental proof-of-concept investigation of clinical pharmacist intervention study to reduce drug-related problems among people admitted to a ward in a rural hospital in northern Sweden. Objective To explore doctors' and nurses' perceptions and expectations of having a ward-based pharmacist providing clinical pharmacy services. Setting Medical ward in a rural hospital in northern Sweden. Method Eighteen face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of doctors and nurses working on the ward where the clinical pharmacy service was due to be implemented...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521376/-images-of-ageing-in-health-care-magazines-of-the-public-health-system
#14
Ilse Hartmann-Tews, Theresa Hoppe
Objectives Collective images of ageing influence attitudes towards ageing and health- related activities. The aim of this study was to explore images of ageing and old age in magazines published by public health institutions, namely health insurance companies and pharmacies. Design A standardized content analysis was conducted covering age-related articles (n=146) and accompanying photographs (n=218) of public health institutions. The stock of material comprises age-related articles of all magazines published 2012-2013 of 2 public health insurance companies (Allgemeine Ortskrankenkasse: "Bleib gesund", Barmer Ersatzkasse: "Gesundheit konkret"), 2 private health insurance companies (Gothaer Versicherung: "Gothaer magazin", Deutsche Krankenversicherung: "DKV impulse") and 2 consumer magazines of pharmacies ("Apothekenumschau","Senioren Ratgeber")...
May 18, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506976/implementation-of-postdischarge-follow-up-telephone-calls-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#15
Shrina D Patel, Phuoc Anh Anne Nguyen, Melissa Bachler, Bradley Atkinson
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a pharmacy-driven, postdischarge follow-up telephone call program to assess medication adherence, provide education, and address medication-related concerns are discussed. SUMMARY: Many readmissions are avoidable through effective discharge planning and patient follow-up after hospitalization. However, there is limited information on how to effectuate this process. To address this barrier, a team consisting of a clinical pharmacy specialist, a clinical pharmacy manager, a postgraduate year 1 pharmacy resident, and an education specialist at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center collaborated to create a postdischarge telephone call program within a transitions-of-care (TOC) pilot program...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503310/individual-capacity-building-approaches-in-a-global-pharmaceutical-systems-strengthening-program-a-selected-review
#16
Niranjan Konduri, Megan Rauscher, Shiou-Chu Judy Wang, Tanya Malpica-Llanos
BACKGROUND: Medicines use related challenges such as inadequate adherence, high levels of antimicrobial resistance and preventable adverse drug reactions have underscored the need to incorporate pharmaceutical services to help achieve desired treatment outcomes, and protect patients from inappropriate use of medicines. This situation is further constrained by insufficient numbers of pharmaceutical personnel and inappropriate skill mix. Studies have addressed individual capacity building approaches of logistics, supply chain or disease specific interventions but few have documented those involving such pharmacy assistants/professionals, or health workers/professionals charged with improving access and provision of pharmaceutical services...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503223/hospital-and-community-pharmacists-perception-of-the-scope-barriers-and-challenges-of-pharmacy-practice-based-research-in-nigeria
#17
Titilayo O Fakeye, Rasaq Adisa, Rashidat T Olukotun, Paul K Morawo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perception, extent of involvement and barriers to pharmacy practice-based research among community and hospital pharmacists in Ibadan, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out among 65 hospital and 86 community pharmacists with at least five-year post-qualification experience, using pre-tested questionnaire. Socio-demographic information, extent of involvement, relevance and scope, as well as barriers to pharmacy practice-based research were explored...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499785/antecedents-of-basic-psychological-need-satisfaction-of-pharmacy-students-the-role-of-peers-family-lecturers-and-workload
#18
Mariëtta J Basson, Sebastiaan Rothmann
BACKGROUND: Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a model to improve pharmacy students' well-being or functioning in their study context. According to SDT, students need a context that satisfies their needs for autonomy, relatedness and competence in order to function optimally. Contextual factors that could have an impact on a student's functioning are lecturers, family, peers and workload. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether there is a difference between the contributions family, lecturers, peers and workload make towards the satisfaction of pharmacy students' basic psychological needs within a university context...
April 27, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496276/using-patient-case-video-vignettes-to-improve-students-understanding-of-cross-cultural-communication
#19
Sally Arif, Brian Cryder, Jennifer Mazan, Ana Quiñones-Boex, Angelika Cyganska
Objective. To develop, implement, and assess whether simulated patient case videos improve students' understanding of and attitudes toward cross-cultural communication in health care. Design. Third-year pharmacy students (N=159) in a health care communications course participated in a one-hour lecture and two-hour workshop on the topic of cross-cultural communication. Three simulated pharmacist-patient case vignettes highlighting cross-cultural communication barriers, the role of active listening, appropriate use of medical interpreters, and useful models to overcome communication barriers were viewed and discussed in groups of 20 students during the workshop...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496274/student-self-assessment-and-faculty-assessment-of-performance-in-an-interprofessional-error-disclosure-simulation-training-program
#20
Therese I Poirier, Junvie Pailden, Ray Jhala, Katie Ronald, Miranda Wilhelm, Jingyang Fan
Objectives. To conduct a prospective evaluation for effectiveness of an error disclosure assessment tool and video recordings to enhance student learning and metacognitive skills while assessing the IPEC competencies. Design. The instruments for assessing performance (planning, communication, process, and team dynamics) in interprofessional error disclosure were developed. Student self-assessment of performance before and after viewing the recordings of their encounters were obtained. Faculty used a similar instrument to conduct real-time assessments...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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