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Pharmacy Competencies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111826/integration-of-systematic-clinical-interprofessional-training-in-a-student-faculty-collaborative-primary-care-practice
#1
Amy R Weinstein, Maria C Dolce, Megan Koster, Ravi Parikh, Emily Hamlyn, Elizabeth A McNamara, Alexa Carlson, Margarita V DiVall
The changing healthcare environment and movement toward team-based care are contemporary challenges confronting health professional education. The primary care workforce must be prepared with recent national interprofessional competencies to practice and lead in this changing environment. From 2012 to 2014, the weekly Beth Israel Deaconess Crimson Care Collaborative Student-Faculty Practice collaborated with Northeastern University to develop, implement and evaluate an innovative model that incorporated interprofessional education into primary care practice with the goal of improving student understanding of, and ability to deliver quality, team-based care...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109576/baseline-competency-assessment-of-pharmacists-prescribing-and-managing-vancomycin-therapy-in-the-regina-qu-appelle-health-region
#2
Kirsten Tangedal, Jennifer Bolt, Suzanne Len, Ali Bell
Background: Pharmacists in the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region (RQHR), Saskatchewan, independently dose, monitor, and adjust vancomycin therapy. No framework exists for ongoing competency assessment of pharmacists. Objectives: The primary objective was to determine pharmacists' overall level of competency for all components of the vancomycin prescribing procedure. The secondary objectives were to determine competency for individual prescribing phases, to stratify overall competency in relation to pharmacist and patient factors, and to identify the 3 most frequent errors...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109564/discrepancies-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patient-care-and-how-pharmacists-can-support-an-evolved-practice
#3
Erin Maxwell, Stephanie Salch, Monique Boliko, Genevieve Anakwe-Charles
We live in an increasingly multicultural society with people from different ethnicities and beliefs. In recent years, we have witnessed a growing group of people who identify as having diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community have historically been marginalized by the health care industry. The disproportionate prevalence of LGBT health concerns and cultural prejudices may be overlooked by many practitioners. As pharmacists, we are in an optimal position to affect meaningful changes in how we treat, counsel, and interact with all our patients, including with those whose sexual orientation or gender identity differ from ours...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109562/a-systematic-meta-ethnographic-review-of-the-beneficial-outcomes-of-international-internships-to-student-pharmacists
#4
REVIEW
Shaylee C Peterson, Maria A Paiva, Kyle John Wilby
Objective. To describe the benefits that pharmacy students gain by completing international internships as a part of their pharmacy education. Methods. A systematic literature search was conducted from database inception to November 2016. Articles that reported on any measure of outcome or impact on student learning were included in the study. A meta-ethnographic approach was used to translate and synthesize findings. Results. Analysis of the reported outcomes produced nine distinct themes: cultural awareness, collaboration, communication, clinical skills, knowledge, adaptability, compassion, confidence, and personal growth...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024199/critical-care-pharmacy-workforce-uk-deployment-and-characteristics-in-2015
#5
Mark Borthwick, Greg Barton, Richard S Bourne, Catherine McKenzie
OBJECTIVE: Clinical pharmacists reduce medication errors and optimize the use of medication in critically ill patients, although actual staffing level and deployment of UK pharmacists is unknown. The primary aim was to investigate the UK deployment of the clinical pharmacy workforce in critical care and compare this with published standards. METHODS: An electronic data entry tool was created and distributed for UK critical care pharmacy services to record their critical care workforce deployment data...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017755/self-medication-and-non-prescription-drug-counseling-illustrating-profession-uncertainty-within-turkish-pharmacy-practice
#6
Afonso Miguel Cavaco, Bilge Sozen-Sahne, Elif Ulutas-Deniz, Selen Yegenoglu
BACKGROUND: Recommending effective minor ailment treatments and using non-prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) medicines is a pharmacist's duty. Although common in most European countries, self-medication counseling practices may differ from country to country. OBJECTIVES: This study explored Turkish community pharmacists' attitudes concerning the present self-medication market, professional responsibilities toward patients' self-care, and the usefulness of e-learning for patients' counseling education...
September 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990292/investigating-the-impact-of-the-universal-healthcare-coverage-programme-on-community-pharmacy-practice
#7
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
The introduction of Universal Healthcare Coverage (JKN) in 2014 has changed the landscape of the Indonesian healthcare and affected the community pharmacy sector. This paper investigates perceptions of healthcare and pharmacy stakeholders about the impact of JKN on the practice of pharmacists and pharmacy in both public (Puskesmas) and private (Community or Retail pharmacy) settings. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted from February to August 2016 involving 29 participants representing key stakeholders from different provinces in Indonesia...
October 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980842/construct-validation-of-the-english-version-of-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-ripls-are-chinese-undergraduate-students-ready-for-shared-learning
#8
Fraide A Ganotice, Lap Ki Chan
Interprofessional education has been receiving attention as a result of research suggesting the benefits of interpersonal collaboration in healthcare. In Hong Kong, the implementation of the Interprofessional Team-based Learning programme provides implicit call to study the psychometric properties of Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) to clarify if this is a valid measure when used in the Chinese undergraduate healthcare context. This study examines the psychometric properties of RIPLS involving predominantly Chinese undergraduate healthcare students in Hong Kong...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970617/exploring-the-requisite-skills-and-competencies-of-pharmacists-needed-for-success-in-an-evolving-health-care-environment
#9
Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Antonio A Bush, Philip T Rodgers, Mollie Ashe Scott, Meg Zomorodi, Nicole R Pinelli, Mary T Roth
Objective. To identify and describe the core competencies and skills considered essential for success of pharmacists in today's rapidly evolving health care environment. Methods. Six breakout groups of 15-20 preceptors, pharmacists, and partners engaged in a facilitated discussion about the qualities and characteristics relevant to the success of a pharmacy graduate. Data were analyzed using qualitative methods. Peer-debriefing, multiple coders, and member-checking were used to promote trustworthiness of findings...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970608/impact-of-student-vs-faculty-facilitators-on-motivational-interviewing-student-outcomes
#10
Rebecca Widder-Prewett, Juanita A Draime, Ginger Cameron, Douglas Anderson, Mark Pinkerton, Aleda M H Chen
Objective. To determine the impact of student or faculty facilitation on student self-assessed attitudes, confidence, and competence in motivational interviewing (MI) skills; actual competence; and evaluation of facilitator performance. Methods. Second-year pharmacy (P2) students were randomly assigned to a student or faculty facilitator for a four-hour, small-group practice of MI skills. MI skills were assessed in a simulated patient encounter with the mMITI (modified Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity) tool...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970607/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-fresno-test-of-competence-in-evidence-based-medicine-in-doctor-of-pharmacy-students
#11
Valerie Coppenrath, Lee Anne Filosa, Elizabeth Akselrod, Katherine M Carey
Objective. To adapt and validate an instrument assessing competence in evidence-based medicine (EBM) in Doctor of Pharmacy students. Methods. The Fresno test was validated in medical residents. We adapted it for use in pharmacy students. A total of 120 students and faculty comprised the validation set. Internal reliability, item difficulty, and item discrimination were assessed. Construct validity was assessed by comparing mean total scores of students to faculty, and comparing proportions of students and faculty who passed each item...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970605/students-perspectives-on-interprofessional-teamwork-before-and-after-an-interprofessional-pain-education-course
#12
Lynn Coletta Simko, Diane C Rhodes, Kathleen A McGinnis, Jaclyn Fiedor
Objective. To evaluate changes in pharmacy and nursing student perspectives before and after completion of an interprofessional education (IPE) course. Methods. A pre- and post-perception scale descriptive prospective study design utilizing Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale (IEPS) and Collaboration and Satisfaction about Care Decisions (CSACD) with self-reported statements of knowledge and importance of professional roles was used. Results. Significant improvement was shown for IEPS and CSACD overall and for both pharmacy and nursing students...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970461/development-and-implementation-of-a-global-health-elective-with-a-drug-discovery-game-for-pharmacy-students
#13
Jordan R Covvey, Anthony J Guarascio, Lauren A O'Donnell, Kevin J Tidgewell
Interest in global health education within the pharmacy curriculum has increased significantly in recent years. However, discussion of different models and methods to evaluate course structures are limited. The overall objective was to (1) describe the structure of our global health elective for pharmacy students, and (2) assess educational outcomes related to perceived/formal knowledge and attitudes associated with global health. Our elective was designed using a competency-centered approach to global health education, incorporating reflection, projects, service and game-learning...
August 28, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970441/competence-based-pharmacy-education-in-the-university-of-helsinki
#14
Nina Katajavuori, Outi Salminen, Katariina Vuorensola, Helena Huhtala, Pia Vuorela, Jouni Hirvonen
In order to meet the expectations to act as an expert in the health care profession, it is of utmost importance that pharmacy education creates knowledge and skills needed in today's working life. Thus, the planning of the curriculum should be based on relevant and up-to-date learning outcomes. In the University of Helsinki, a university wide curriculum reform called 'the Big Wheel' was launched in 2015. After the reform, the basic degrees of the university are two-cycle (Bachelor-Master) and competence-based, where the learning outcomes form a solid basis for the curriculum goals and implementation...
June 1, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970437/are-we-ready-to-implement-competence-based-teaching-in-pharmacy-education-in-poland
#15
Agnieszka Skowron, Justyna Dymek, Anna Gołda, Wioletta Polak
Pharmacists in Poland are responsible for the dispensing and quality control of pharmaceuticals. The education process in pharmacy is regulated and monitored at the national level. Pharmacy education at Jagiellonian University is organized in a traditional way based on input and content teaching. The aim of the study was to determinate whether the Jagiellonian University curriculum in the Pharmacy program meets the criteria of the European Competence Framework. The mapping of the intended curriculum was done by four academic teachers...
May 9, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970436/curriculum-mapping-of-the-master-s-program-in-pharmacy-in-slovenia-with-the-phar-qa-competency-framework
#16
Tanja Gmeiner, Nejc Horvat, Mitja Kos, Aleš Obreza, Tomaž Vovk, Iztok Grabnar, Borut Božič
This article presents the results of mapping the Slovenian pharmacy curriculum to evaluate the adequacy of the recently developed and validated European Pharmacy Competences Framework (EPCF). The mapping was carried out and evaluated progressively by seven members of the teaching staff at the University of Ljubljana's Faculty of Pharmacy. Consensus was achieved by using a two-round modified Delphi technique to evaluate the coverage of competences in the current curriculum. The preliminary results of the curriculum mapping showed that all of the competences as defined by the EPCF are covered in Ljubljana's academic program...
May 2, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970435/introducing-pharmaceutical-care-to-primary-care-in-iceland-an-action-research-study
#17
Anna Bryndis Blondal, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong, Anna Birna Almarsdottir
Even though pharmaceutical care is not a new concept in pharmacy, its introduction and development has proved to be challenging. In Iceland, general practitioners are not familiar with pharmaceutical care and additionally no such service is offered in pharmacies or primary care settings. Introducing pharmaceutical care in primary care in Iceland is making great efforts to follow other countries, which are bringing the pharmacist more into patient care. General practitioners are key stakeholders in this endeavor...
April 26, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970431/the-production-of-the-phar-qa-competence-framework
#18
REVIEW
Jeffrey Atkinson
This article describes the background and methodology of the PHAR-QA (Quality Assurance in European Pharmacy Education and Training) project that produced a competence framework for pharmacy education and practice in the EU. In order to produce a harmonized competence framework that could be accepted within the EU situation, we developed a two-stage Delphi process centred on two expert panels. A small panel of academics produced the competence framework that was then validated by the rankings of a large panel consisting of representatives of the EU pharmacy community...
April 1, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970430/the-implementation-of-pharmacy-competence-teaching-in-estonia
#19
Daisy Volmer, Kristiina Sepp, Peep Veski, Ain Raal
Background: The PHAR-QA, "Quality Assurance in European Pharmacy Education and Training", project has produced the European Pharmacy Competence Framework (EPCF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the existing pharmacy programme at the University of Tartu, using the EPCF. Methods: A qualitative assessment of the pharmacy programme by a convenience sample (n = 14) representing different pharmacy stakeholders in Estonia. EPCF competency levels were determined by using a five-point scale tool adopted from the Dutch competency standards framework...
March 31, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970429/competence-based-curricula-in-the-context-of-bologna-and-eu-higher-education-policy
#20
Howard Davies
At the turn of the century European higher education policy became twin-track. The Bologna Process was launched and ran alongside developments in European legislation. Both tracks displayed a preoccupation with competences, in relation both to citizenship and to labour market needs. Scrutiny of important policy texts (Key Competences, the European Qualifications Framework, ECTS, the Bologna three-cycle degree structure) shows that 'competence' has never been given a precise and secure definition. Only very recently has the term entered the discourse of EU legislation on the recognition of professional qualifications...
March 26, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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