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Autism, asperger's syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736607/typical-versus-delayed-speech-onset-influences-verbal-reporting-of-autistic-interests
#1
Liliane Chiodo, Steve Majerus, Laurent Mottron
BACKGROUND: The distinction between autism and Asperger syndrome has been abandoned in the DSM-5. However, this clinical categorization largely overlaps with the presence or absence of a speech onset delay which is associated with clinical, cognitive, and neural differences. It is unknown whether these different speech development pathways and associated cognitive differences are involved in the heterogeneity of the restricted interests that characterize autistic adults. METHOD: This study tested the hypothesis that speech onset delay, or conversely, early mastery of speech, orients the nature and verbal reporting of adult autistic interests...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713324/color-vision-losses-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Elaine C Zachi, Thiago L Costa, Mirella T S Barboni, Marcelo F Costa, Daniela M O Bonci, Dora F Ventura
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by impairments in social/communication abilities and restricted behaviors. The present study aims to examine color vision discrimination in ASD children and adolescents without intellectual disability. The participants were also subdivided in order to compare color vision thresholds of autistic participants and those who achieved diagnostic criteria for Asperger Syndrome (AS). Nine subjects with autism, 11 participants with AS and 36 typically developing children and adolescents participated in the study...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686564/asperger-syndrome-and-schizophrenia-%C3%AE-eurodevelopmental-continuum-or-separated-clinical-entities
#3
Chr Anomitri, H Lazaratou
This article is an overview of the literature on Asperger's syndrome and schizophrenia and aim to discuss their similarities and differences. Eugen Bleuler who associated the terms "schizophrenia" and "autism" a century ago, viewed autism as a form of solitude of schizophrenic patients representing withdrawal from reality. Ever since, there has been confusion as to the boundaries between these conditions. Nowadays recent research, from a variety of perspectives-genomics, neurodevelopment, psychiatry, etc. has given new information on these conditions...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675255/-communicative-and-social-adaptive-profile-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-new-approach-based-on-the-dsm-5-criteria
#4
D Garrido, M Garcia-Fernandez, R Garcia-Retamero, G Carballo
INTRODUCTION: Following the adoption of the new international diagnosis classification from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been established as a dimensional category that includes other disorders that were previously considered as separate entities. Previous research has shown that some people with this disorder exhibit different communicative and linguistic profiles. Therefore, contradictory results could be found among people who receive the same diagnosis...
July 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656867/autism-spectrum-network
#5
Chris Barber
I was unable to attend this year's RCN congress, but as a nurse with Asperger's syndrome I followed the congress autism resolution debate with interest ('More research for autism,' say nurses across disciplines, online news, 16 May).
June 28, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638324/stochastic-signatures-of-involuntary-head-micro-movements-can-be-used-to-classify-females-of-abide-into-different-subtypes-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#6
Elizabeth B Torres, Sejal Mistry, Carla Caballero, Caroline P Whyatt
Background: The approximate 5:1 male to female ratio in clinical detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) prevents research from characterizing the female phenotype. Current open access repositories [such as those in the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE I-II)] contain large numbers of females to help begin providing a new characterization of females on the autistic spectrum. Here we introduce new methods to integrate data in a scale-free manner from continuous biophysical rhythms of the nervous systems and discrete (ordinal) observational scores...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560650/effects-of-learning-strategy-training-on-the-writing-performance-of-college-students-with-asperger-s-syndrome
#7
Lynn G Jackson, Mary Lou Duffy, Michael P Brady, Jazarae McCormick
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly entering institutions of higher education. However, many are not prepared for the academic and social demands of postsecondary environments. Although studies have evaluated academic and social interventions for children and adolescents with ASD, little research exists on the college population. The current study utilized a multiple baseline across participants design to evaluate the effectiveness of a writing learning strategy on the writing performance of three college students with ASD...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553246/role-of-two-types-of-syntactic-embedding-in-belief-attribution-in-adults-with-or-without-asperger-syndrome
#8
Morgane Clémentine Burnel, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Stephanie Durrleman, Anne C Reboul, Monica Baciu
The role of syntax in belief attribution (BA) is not completely understood in healthy adults and understudied in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Embedded syntax could be useful either for the development of Theory of Mind (ToM) (Emergence account) or more generally over the lifespan (Reasoning account). Two hypotheses have been explored, one suggesting that embedding itself (Relatives and Complement sentences and Metarepresentation account) is important for ToM and another one considering that the embedding of a false proposition into a true one (Complement sentences and Misrepresentation account) is important...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547882/re-adjusting-the-cut-off-score-of-the-korean-version-of-the-childhood-autism-rating-scale-for-high-functioning-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Hyuk-Jin Kwon, Hee-Jeong Yoo, Joo-Hyun Kim, Dong-Hyun Noh, Hyun-Jung Sunwoo, Ye Seul Jeon, Sang-Youn Lee, Ye-Ul Jo, Gui-Young Bong
AIM: The current cut-off score of the Korean version of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale(K-CARS) does not seem sensitive enough to precisely diagnose high-functioning autism. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal cut-off score of K-CARS for diagnosing high-functioning individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders(ASD). METHODS: A total of 329 participants were assessed by the Korean versions of the Autism Diagnostic Interview - Revised (K-ADI-R), Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (K-ADOS), and K-CARS...
May 26, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493861/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-neuropsychological-development-in-pre-school-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Maribel Casas, Joan Forns, David Martínez, Mònica Guxens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Jesus Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Mario Murcia, Marisa Rebagliato, Adonina Tardon, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BackgroundMaternal pre-pregnancy obesity may impair infant neuropsychological development, but it is unclear whether intrauterine or confounding factors drive this association.MethodsWe assessed whether maternal pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with neuropsychological development in 1,827 Spanish children. At 5 years, cognitive and psychomotor development was assessed using McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using the Criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms using the Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test...
June 7, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410037/meeting-the-healthcare-needs-of-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum
#11
Christopher Barber
People with Asperger's syndrome/high functioning autism (AS/HFA) are just as likely to experience the full range of health conditions and needs as 'neurotypicals', people who do not have AS/HFA. However, many people with AS/HFA fall between the cracks of health service design and provision as they do not receive support from learning disabilities or mental health services. This article highlights the need for a comprehensive review of healthcare provision, led by people on the autism spectrum.
April 13, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256681/-deconstructing-kanner
#12
J Artigas-Pallares, I Paula-Perez
Kanner, in 1943, and Asperger, in 1944, published papers that have been considered the first descriptions of autism. Kanner is acknowledged as having been the first to recognise this condition, while Asperger is attributed with the identification of a milder form of autism which has been denominated Asperger's syndrome. Kanner's paper played an important role in the development of the conceptualisation of autism due to its being published in the United States, where it became popular in the field of child psychiatry...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230711/asperger-syndrome-and-early-onset-schizophrenia-associated-with-a-novel-mecp2-deleterious-missense-variant
#13
Aurore Curie, Gaëtan Lesca, Gérald Bussy, Sabine Manificat, Valérie Arnaud, Sibylle Gonzalez, Olivier Revol, Alain Calender, Daniel Gérard, Vincent des Portes
Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) deleterious variants, which are responsible for Rett syndrome in girls, are involved in a wide spectrum of developmental disabilities in males. A neuropsychiatric phenotype without intellectual disability is uncommon in patients with MECP2 deleterious variants. We report on two dizygotic twins with an MECP2-related psychiatric disorder without intellectual disability. Neuropsychological and psychiatric phenotype assessments were performed, and a genetic analysis was carried out...
June 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#14
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075089/autism-spectrum-disorder-primary-care-principles
#15
REVIEW
Kristian E Sanchack, Craig A Thomas
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously separate conditions: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060873/assessment-of-anterior-cingulate-cortex-acc-and-left-cerebellar-metabolism-in-asperger-s-syndrome-with-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-mrs
#16
Aya Goji, Hiromichi Ito, Kenji Mori, Masafumi Harada, Sonoka Hisaoka, Yoshihiro Toda, Tatsuo Mori, Yoko Abe, Masahito Miyazaki, Shoji Kagami
PURPOSE: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) is a noninvasive neuroimaging method to quantify biochemical metabolites in vivo and it can serve as a powerful tool to monitor neurobiochemical profiles in the brain. Asperger's syndrome (AS) is a type of autism spectrum disorder, which is characterized by impaired social skills and restrictive, repetitive patterns of interest and activities, while intellectual levels and language skills are relatively preserved. Despite clinical aspects have been well-characterized, neurometabolic profiling in the brain of AS remains to be clear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051218/parental-satisfaction-of-an-assessment-unit-for-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#17
Arwa Ben Amor, Soumeyya Halayem, Maissa Touati, Ahlem Belhadj, Riadh Gouider, Ridha Mrad, Asma Bouden
Background - Based on the recognized principles of assessment of autistic disorders, the child and adolescent psychiatry department in Razi Hospital developed an assessment unit with diagnostic as well as therapeutic roles. The aim of this work was to examine its functioning and to analyze the parents' perceptions about the unit services. Methods - We gathered the parental satisfaction about the unit by the means of a hetero-questionnaire. Results - Fifty-two parents of children evaluated within the unit were included...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025692/age-related-differences-in-inhibitory-control-and-memory-updating-in-boys-with-asperger-syndrome
#18
Elisabeth M Weiss, Bianca Gschaidbauer, Liane Kaufmann, Andreas Fink, Günter Schulter, Erich Mittenecker, Ilona Papousek
Deficits in specific executive domains are highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorder; however, age-related improvements in executive functions (reflecting prefrontal maturational changes) have been reported even in individuals diagnosed with autism. The current study examined two components of cognitive flexibility (inhibition of prepotent responses and memory monitoring/updating) by using a random-motor-generation task (MPT) in a group of 23 boys with Asperger syndrome (AS) and 23 matched healthy controls...
December 26, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013245/european-studies-on-prevalence-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-according-to-immigrant-status-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Rafal Kawa, Evald Saemundsen, Sigrídur Lóa Jónsdóttir, Annika Hellendoorn, Sanne Lemcke, Ricardo Canal-Bedia, Patricia García-Primo, Irma Moilanen
Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), once considered to be rare, are now reaching prevalence estimates of 1% and higher. Studies conducted in North America indicate large racial/ethnic disparities in the diagnosis of ASDs. Others show, that immigrant children have similar prevalence rates of ASDs as native children, although they are diagnosed later compared with native children. In relation to a EU funded network action, Enhancing the Scientific Study of Early Autism, it was considered important to review the literature on this subject...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822381/clinical-pearls-how-my-patients-taught-me-the-fainting-lark-symptom
#20
A Kuiper, M E van Egmond, M P M Harms, M D Oosterhoff, B van Harten, D A Sival, T J de Koning, M A J Tijssen
BACKGROUND: Compulsive movements, complex tics and stereotypies are frequent, especially among patients with autism or psychomotor retardation. These movements can be difficult to characterize and can mimic other conditions like epileptic seizures or paroxysmal dystonia, particularly when abnormal breathing and cerebral hypoxia are induced. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an 18-year-old patient with Asperger syndrome who presented with attacks of tonic posturing of the trunk and neck...
2016: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
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