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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329255/peri-implant-behavior-of-sloped-shoulder-dental-implants-used-for-all-on-four-protocols-an-histomorphometric-analysis-in-dogs
#1
Jose Luis Calvo Guirado, Aldo Fabian Lucero-Sánchez, Ana Boquete Castro, Marcus Abboud, Sergio Gehrke, Manuel Fernández Dominguez, Rafael Arcesio Delgado Ruiz
The aim of this study was to evaluate the soft tissue thickness and marginal bone loss around dental implants with sloped micro-threaded shoulder (35° angle) in comparing with conventional design, inserted 35° degrees angulated in post extraction sockets and immediate loaded with temporary prosthesis simulating the all-on-four protocol. Materials and Methods: Six fox hound dogs received forty-eight post extraction dental implants with the same diameter and length (Medentika, Germany), but with different neck configurations...
January 12, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322828/population-survey-and-management-strategies-of-free-roaming-dogs-canis-familiaris-on-saipan-commonwealth-of-the-northern-mariana-islands
#2
Adrianna Nimer, Nashelly Meneses, Zachary D Watson, Stephen M Shuster, Russell Benford
The island of Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, is populated by free-roaming dogs who were introduced during World War II. The local nonhuman animal control agency manages this population; however, the demographic information and public perception of this population remain unknown. To characterize the free-roaming dog population, an island-wide survey on Saipan was conducted. Photographic, mark-recapture data were used to estimate the population size per land type. Age, sex, sociality, and behavior per land type were documented and associations between these variables were tested using G tests...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319439/successful-management-of-minoxidil-toxicosis-in-a-dog
#3
Tyler J M Jordan, Page E Yaxley, Christine A Culler, Anusha Balakrishnan
CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-year-old sexually intact female mixed-breed dog was evaluated at an emergency hospital approximately 5 hours after ingestion of an unknown amount of over-the-counter topical hair growth promoter containing 5% minoxidil foam. Vomiting and signs of lethargy were reported by the owner, and physical examination revealed tachycardia and hypotension. No treatments were performed, and the dog was transferred to a veterinary referral hospital for management of suspected minoxidil toxicosis. CLINICAL FINDINGS On arrival at the referral hospital, the dog was tachycardic (heart rate, 200 to 220 beats/min) and hypotensive (systolic arterial blood pressure, 70 mm Hg)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312813/domestic-carnivore-interactions-with-wildlife-in-the-cape-horn-biosphere-reserve-chile-husbandry-and-perceptions-of-impact-from-a-community-perspective
#4
Elke Schüttler, Lorena Saavedra-Aracena, Jaime E Jiménez
Background: Hundreds of millions of domestic carnivores worldwide have diverse positive affiliations with humans, but can provoke serious socio-ecological impacts when free-roaming. Unconfined dogs (Canis familiaris) and cats (Felis catus) interact with wildlife as predators, competitors, and disease-transmitters; their access to wildlife depends on husbandry, perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors of pet owners and non-owners. Methods: To better understand husbandry and perceptions of impacts by unconfined, domestic carnivores, we administered questionnaires (n = 244) to pet owners and non-owners living in one of the last wilderness areas of the world, the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, located in southern Chile...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311574/lateralized-behavior-and-cardiac-activity-of-dogs-in-response-to-human-emotional-vocalizations
#5
Marcello Siniscalchi, Serenella d'Ingeo, Serena Fornelli, Angelo Quaranta
Over the recent years, the study of emotional functioning has become one of the central issues in dog cognition. Previous studies showed that dogs can recognize different emotions by looking at human faces and can correctly match the human emotional state with a vocalization having a negative emotional valence. However, to this day, little is known about how dogs perceive and process human non-verbal vocalizations having different emotional valence. The current research provides new insights into emotional functioning of the canine brain by studying dogs' lateralized auditory functions (to provide a first insight into the valence dimension) matched with both behavior and physiological measures of arousal (to study the arousal dimension) in response to playbacks related to the Ekman's six basic human emotions...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309667/morphometric-analysis-of-chemoreception-organ-in-male-and-female-ticks-acari-ixodidae
#6
Tanya Josek, Brian F Allan, Marianne Alleyne
The Haller's organ plays a crucial role in a tick's ability to detect hosts. Even though this sensory organ is vital to tick survival, the morphology of this organ is not well understood. The objective of this study was to characterize variation in the morphological components of the Haller's organ of three medically important tick species using quantitative methods. The Haller's organs of Ixodes scapularis Say (Ixodida: Ixodidae) (black-legged tick), Amblyomma americanum (L.) (Ixodida: Ixodidae) (lone star tick), and Dermacentor variabilis (Say) (Ixodida: Ixodidae) (American dog tick) were morphologically analyzed using environmental scanning electron microscopy and geometric morphometrics, and the results were statistically interpreted using canonical variate analysis...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295577/attitudes-of-veterinary-teaching-staff-and-exposure-of-veterinary-students-to-early-age-desexing-with-review-of-current-early-age-desexing-literature
#7
Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming
Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5-6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth America reveal that only a minority of veterinarians routinely perform early age desexing (EAD) of cats or dogs, suggesting they are not graduating with these skills. This study aimed to describe the attitudes of veterinary teaching staff in Australian and New Zealand universities towards EAD, and to determine if these changed from 2008 to 2015...
December 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250009/links-between-an-owner-s-adult-attachment-style-and-the-support-seeking-behavior-of-their-dog
#8
Therese Rehn, Andrea Beetz, Linda J Keeling
The aim of this study was to investigate if an owner's adult attachment style (AAS) influences how their dog interacts and obtains support from them during challenging events. A person's AAS describes how they perceive their relationship to other people, but it may also reflect their caregiving behavior, and so their behavior toward the dog. We measured the AAS of 51 female Golden retriever owners, using the Adult Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), and observed the reactions of the dog-owner dyads in response to different challenging situations [visual surprise, auditory stressor and social stressors like a person approaching dressed as ghost or in coat, hat and sunglasses]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236029/fracture-assessment-of-peek-under-static-loading-by-means-of-the-local-strain-energy-density
#9
Mirco Peron, Seyed Mohammad Javad Razavi, Jan Torgersen, Filippo Berto
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has gained interest in many industrial applications due to its high strength-to-weight ratio, excellent heat tolerance and high corrosion resistance. Stress concentrators such as notches and geometrical discontinuities are present in many such components necessitating the reliable assessment of notch sensitivity of PEEK in monotonic tension. Here we evaluate the applicability of the strain energy density (SED) approach for the assessment of the fracture strength of experimentally tested notched geometries subject to corrosion...
December 13, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234500/moving-from-information-and-collaboration-to-action-report-from-the-3rd-international-dog-health-workshop-paris-in-april-2017
#10
Dan G O'Neill, Sylvia F A Keijser, Åke Hedhammar, Caroline Kisko, Gregoire Leroy, Aimée Llewellyn-Zaidi, Sofia Malm, Patricia N Olson, Rowena M A Packer, Jean Francois Rousselot, Ian J Seath, Jason W Stull, Brenda N Bonnett
Background: Breed-related health problems in dogs have received increased focus over the last decade. Responsibility for causing and/or solving these problems has been variously directed towards dog breeders and kennel clubs, the veterinary profession, welfare scientists, owners, regulators, insurance companies and the media. In reality, all these stakeholders are likely to share some responsibility and optimal progress on resolving these challenges requires all key stakeholders to work together...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230674/diet-and-activity-patterns-of-arsi-geladas-in-low-elevation-disturbed-habitat-south-of-the-rift-valley-at-indetu-ethiopia
#11
Kelil Abu, Addisu Mekonnen, Afework Bekele, Peter J Fashing
Understanding the basic natural history of threatened primate taxa is crucial to developing and implementing successful conservation strategies for them. Data on feeding ecology and activity patterns are particularly important for identifying the strategies through which primates invest time and foraging effort towards survival and reproduction at a given locale. Here, we report the results of the first study of the diet and activity budget of Arsi geladas, a population of < 1000 individuals endemic to a heavily disturbed region of the southern Ethiopian Highlands and believed to represent a new taxon of geladas...
December 11, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207667/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-cystic-echinococcosis-among-herding-families-in-five-provinces-in-western-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Ruixia Yuan, Hairong Wu, Heng Zeng, Ping Liu, Quangang Xu, Lu Gao, Yin Li, Rendong Li, Duan Huang, Chuanhua Yu, Xiangdong Sun
Echinococcosis is a severe zoonosis that endangers the health of herdsmen in China's western provinces. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of this disease and identify potential factors associated with human echinococcosis among herding families. A cross-sectional study was conducted in five provinces in western China from May 1, 2016 to November 30, 2016, and 1500 herding families participated in the study. A total of 1211 completed questionnaires were analyzed. The prevalence of Cystic echinococcosis (CE) among surveyed herding families was 1...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197699/what-is-unique-about-shared-reality-insights-from-a-new-comparison-species
#13
REVIEW
Angie M Johnston, Molly Byrne, Laurie R Santos
We introduce a new comparison species-domesticated dogs (Canis familaris)-that can shed light on the evolutionary origins of shared reality. Given that dogs share many basic building blocks of shared reality (e.g. representing others' perceptions, emotions, and behaviors) they provide an ideal species for pinpointing unique aspects of shared reality in humans. In particular, current research with dogs underscores two aspects of shared reality that may be special to humans. First, humans may be unique in our tendency to share reality involuntarily...
November 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197051/environmental-sound-priming-does-negation-modify-n400-cross-modal-priming-effects
#14
Carolin Dudschig, Ian Grant Mackenzie, Hartmut Leuthold, Barbara Kaup
Human information processing is incredibly fast and flexible. In order to survive, the human brain has to integrate information from various sources and to derive a coherent interpretation, ideally leading to adequate behavior. In experimental setups, such integration phenomena are often investigated in terms of cross-modal association effects. Interestingly, to date, most of these cross-modal association effects using linguistic stimuli have shown that single words can influence the processing of non-linguistic stimuli, and vice versa...
December 1, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195227/catestatin-vasostatin-cortisol-and-visual-analog-scale-scoring-for-stress-assessment-in-healthy-dogs
#15
T Srithunyarat, R Hagman, O V Höglund, M Stridsberg, J Hanson, A S Lagerstedt, A Pettersson
The neuroendocrine glycoprotein chromogranin A is a useful biomarker for stress in humans. Chromogranin A epitopes catestatin and vasostatin can be measured in dogs using radioimmunoassays. The objective of this study was to evaluate catestatin and vasostatin as canine stress biomarkers in a clinical setting. Blood and saliva were collected from 33 healthy dogs that were familiar with sampling procedures and the animal hospital environment (control group) and 30 healthy dogs that were unacquainted (stress group)...
November 22, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190195/puppy-socialization-practices-of-a-sample-of-dog-owners-from-across-canada-and-the-united-states
#16
Janet H Cutler, Jason B Coe, Lee Niel
OBJECTIVE To identify actions taken by owners to socialize puppies < 20 weeks of age, to determine factors affecting attendance of structured puppy classes, and to examine associations between class attendance and owner response to various undesirable puppy behaviors. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SAMPLE 296 puppy owners (each with 1 puppy). PROCEDURES Participants completed a survey at enrollment (to gather data regarding owner demographics and puppy characteristics) and again when puppies were 20 weeks of age (to gather information on socialization practices and owner responses to misbehavior and signs of fear in their puppy)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186915/development-of-a-dog-assisted-activity-program-in-an-elementary-classroom
#17
Cinzia Correale, Lara Crescimbene, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli
Here we describe a pilot Dog-Assisted Activity program that was designed to improve wellbeing and social integration in a multi-cultural elementary classroom in which some episodes of bullying had been reported. We developed a 5-encounters protocol with the aim of introducing pet dogs into the class to stimulate understanding of different types of communication and behavior, ultimately facilitating positive relationships among peers. A preliminary evaluation was carried out in order to assess the effect of the program on teachers' perception of children's difficulties (e...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177710/reflections-on-recent-research-into-animal-assisted-interventions-in-the-military-and-beyond
#18
REVIEW
Christina B Rumayor, Amy M Thrasher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the present review was threefold: to address the current state of Animal-Assisted Interactions (AAI) within the military; to summarize recent literature (within the past three years) in the field of AAI; and to discuss trends in AAI research since 2014. RECENT FINDINGS: With regard to AAI within the military, several canine interaction programs have been utilized to assist service members in coping with various issues. Therapy dogs have been deployed with Combat-Operational Stress Control units; they have been integrated into medical clinics and behavioral health treatment programs in garrison; and policy has been developed to address the use of therapy animals in military treatment facilities...
November 25, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163331/the-mobility-assessment-course-for-the-diagnosis-of-spatial-neglect-taking-a-step-forward
#19
Megan Grech, Tracey Stuart, Lindy Williams, Celia Chen, Tobias Loetscher
Spatial neglect after stroke can be a challenging syndrome to diagnose under standard neuropsychological assessment. There is now sufficient evidence that those affected might demonstrate neglect behavior in everyday settings despite showing no signs of neglect during common neglect tasks. This discrepancy is attributed to the simplified and unrealistic nature of common pen and paper based tasks that do not match the demanding, novel, and complex environment of everyday life. As such, increasing task demands under more ecologically valid scenarios has become an important method of increasing test sensitivity...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158026/the-effects-of-exercise-and-calm-interactions-on-in-kennel-behavior-of-shelter-dogs
#20
Alexandra Protopopova, Hagar Hauser, Kissel J Goldman, Clive D L Wynne
Over-activity, or excessive locomotion and barking in the kennel, may be unattractive to adopters and an indicator of poor welfare of kenneled dogs. The study assessed the efficacy of two common enrichment strategies, providing calm interaction and additional exercise, on in-kennel behavior in 16 shelter dogs. Both interventions resulted in appropriate behavior just prior to the sessions (t=2.10, df=7, p=0.03 and F [2216]=7.58, p=0.0007, respectively), but both also resulted in an increase of some undesirable behaviors immediately after the dogs were taken back to their kennels (F [3216]=7...
January 2018: Behavioural Processes
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