Read by QxMD icon Read

Hospitality and leisure

Raquel Maria Ramos, Vanessa Medeiros da Nóbrega, Leiliane Teixeira Bento Fernandes, Amanda Narciso Machado, Neusa Collet
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the maternal perception about the paternal care and to understand how this care Is made effective In practical actions in the care of the child/adolescent with chronic disease in the family routine. METHODS: Exploratory-descriptive, qualitative study, carried out at the pediatric outpatient clinic of a public hospital in the state of Paraíba, between November/2013 and April/2014, with 10 mothers whose children had more than six months of diagnosis...
March 12, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Rafael Tavares Silveira Silva, Richardson Augusto Rosendo da Silva, Iellen Dantas Campos Verdes Rodrigues, Vinicius Lino de Souza Neto, Bárbara Coeli Oliveira da Silva, Francisca Marta de Lima Costa Souza
OBJECTIVE: to identify the coping strategies of people living with aids to face the disease and analyze them according to sociodemographic, clinical and lifestyle variables. METHOD: this is a cross-sectional quantitative study. The sample consisted of 331 people living with aids treated at an outpatient clinic at a referral hospital for treatment of aids. The Coping Strategies Inventory was used to collect the data. RESULTS: emotion-focused coping modes were more frequently mentioned...
March 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Bridget Kool, Sarah Buller, Ron Kuriyan, Charlotte M Jones-Todd, David Newcombe, Peter Jones
INTRODUCTION: We present a study that provides a contemporary view of alcohol-related injury prevalence amongst patients presenting to a New Zealand (NZ) emergency department (ED). METHODS: Adult injury patients presenting to Auckland City Hospital ED within 6 h of injury were invited to participate during three recruitment periods (2015-2016). An interviewer-administered questionnaire obtained information on demographic, injury, general health, and lifestyle factors...
February 27, 2018: Injury
David Hupin, Pascal Edouard, Mathieu Oriol, Jari Laukkanen, Pierre Abraham, Stéphane Doutreleau, Jean-Michel Guy, François Carré, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Frédéric Roche, Jean-Claude Chatard
BACKGROUND: The importance of exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) has been controversial in the prevention of cardiac events among sportsmen. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) from an exercise ECG and its relationship with induced coronary angiographic assessment and potentially preventable cardiac events. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included leisure time asymptomatic sportsmen over 35years old, referred from 2011 to 2014 in the Sports Medicine Unit of the University Hospital of Saint-Etienne...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Kazuki Hirata, Taku Ogawa, Hiroyuki Fujikura, Yoshihiko Ogawa, Nobuyasu Hirai, Tomoko Nakagawa-Onishi, Kenji Uno, Masahiro Takeyama, Kei Kasahara, Fukumi Nakamura-Uchiyama, Mitsuru Konishi, Keiichi Mikasa
Few studies have analyzed the characteristics of patients who develop physical disorders after overseas travel. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 183 patients who visited Nara Medical University Hospital from 2008 to 2016 because of physical problems after traveling abroad. The main travel destinations were Southeast Asia (n = 100), Africa (n = 27), and South Asia (n = 23). The main reasons for the travel were leisure (n = 96), business (n = 51), and volunteer work (n = 19). The most common final diagnosis was gastrointestinal disease (n = 72), followed by febrile disease (n = 59) and respiratory disease (n = 19)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Mie Balling, Teresa Holmberg, Christina B Petersen, Mette Aadahl, Dan W Meyrowitsch, Janne S Tolstrup
AIMS: This study aimed to test the hypotheses that a high total sitting time and vigorous physical activity in leisure time increase the risk of low back pain and herniated lumbar disc disease. METHODS: A total of 76,438 adults answered questions regarding their total sitting time and physical activity during leisure time in the Danish Health Examination Survey 2007-2008. Information on low back pain diagnoses up to 10 September 2015 was obtained from The National Patient Register...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ahmad Bazazan, Iman Dianat, Zohreh Mombeini, Aydin Aynehchi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships among quality of life (QoL), mental health problems and fatigue among hospital nurses, and to test whether fatigue and its multiple dimensions would mediate the effect of QoL on mental health problems. Data were collected using questionnaires (including the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF [WHOQOL-BREF], General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-12] and Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory [MFI-20] for evaluation of QoL, mental health problems and fatigue, respectively) from 990 Iranian hospital nurses, and analysed by generalized structural equation modelling (GSEM)...
February 14, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: While physical exercise is beneficial for back and neck-shoulder pain, only few intervention studies have evaluated effects on pain in multiple body regions. Furthermore, direct measurement of pain threshold can provide additional information to self-reported pain intensity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of workplace versus home-based physical exercise on pressure pain threshold (PPT) and musculoskeletal pain intensity in multiple body regions. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of an examiner-blinded, cluster randomized controlled trial with allocation concealment...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Melanie D Whittington, Kelly G Knupp, Gina Vanderveen, Chong Kim, Arnold Gammaitoni, Jonathan D Campbell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the annual direct and indirect costs associated with Dravet Syndrome (DS). METHODS: A survey was electronically administered to the caregivers of patients with DS treated at Children's Hospital Colorado. Survey domains included healthcare utilization of the patient with DS and DS caregiver work productivity and activity impairment. Patient healthcare utilization was measured using modified questions from the National Health Interview Survey; caregiver work productivity and activity impairment were measured using modified questions from the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Bette Loef, Allard J van der Beek, Andreas Holtermann, Gerben Hulsegge, Debbie van Baarle, Karin I Proper
Objectives Shift work may alter workers' leisure-time and occupational physical activity (PA) levels, which might be one of the potential underlying mechanisms of the negative health effects of shift work. Therefore, we compared objectively measured PA levels between hospital shift and non-shift workers. Methods Data were used from Klokwerk+, a cohort study examining the health effects of shift work among healthcare workers employed in hospitals. In total, 401 shift workers and 78 non-shift workers were included, all of whom wore Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for up to seven days...
January 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
M Sanchez-Autet, B Arranz, G Safont, P Sierra, A Garcia-Blanco, L de la Fuente, M Garriga, M P García-Portilla
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and psychosocial impairment has been associated with increased levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and homocysteine in bipolar disorder, but gender differences have seldom been studied. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-four bipolar outpatients were included. Cognitive performance was assessed through the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP). Psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) and the General Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
David E Guy, Avi Vandersluis, Laurence H Klotz, Neil Fleshner, Alexander Kiss, Chris Parker, Vasundara Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: Research examining the association between physical activity (PA) and prostate cancer (PCa) has accumulated; however, few studies have examined this association in the context of active surveillance. The current study examines this among men initially diagnosed with favorable-risk PCa and managed by active surveillance at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Canada and the Royal Marsden Hospital in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire on daily participation in non-leisure, transport, and recreational PA...
December 14, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Tea Kontio, Markku Heliövaara, Harri Rissanen, Paul Knekt, Arpo Aromaa, Svetlana Solovieva
BACKGROUND: Meniscal lesions are among the most common injuries of the knee, yet limited epidemiologic data is available on their risk factors. We investigated the association of lifestyle factors and physical strenuousness of work on knee injuries with a focus on meniscal lesions. METHODS: We examined a nationally representative sample of persons aged 30 to 59 years, who participated in a comprehensive health examination (the Mini-Finland Health Survey). Subjects without any injury or osteoarthritis in the knee joint at baseline (n = 4713) were subsequently followed via the National Hospital Discharge Register up to 30 years...
December 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Hiroaki Itoh, Fumihiko Kitamura, Noriko Hagi, Tomoe Mashiko, Takehisa Matsukawa, Kazuhito Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Workers in Japan are not sufficiently active; however, it remains unclear how their leisure-time physical activity habits may be developed. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship of age- and intensity-specific leisure-time physical activity in youth to adulthood leisure-time physical activity habits among Japanese workers. METHODS: In 2012, 968 workers (333 males and 635 females) from three companies and six hospitals in the Tokai region of Japan agreed to complete and submit a self-administered questionnaire...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Bianca K Frogner
Health care has been cited as a job engine for the U.S. economy. This study used the Current Population Survey to examine the sector and occupation shifts that underlie this growth trend. Health care has had a cyclical relationship with retail trade, leisure and hospitality, education, and professional services. The entering workforce has been increasingly taking on low-skilled occupations. The exiting workforce has not been necessarily retiring or going back to school, but appeared to be leaving without a job, with potentially more child care duties, and with high rates of disability and poverty levels...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
Sevdenur Cizginer, Edward Marcantonio, Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Mouhsin Shafi, Eva M Schmitt, Sharon K Inouye, Richard N Jones
We evaluated the role of cognitive and brain reserve markers in modifying the risk of postoperative delirium associated with a pathophysiologic marker. The Successful Aging after Elective Surgery study (SAGES) enrolled 556 adults age ≥70 years without dementia scheduled for major surgery. Patients were assessed preoperatively and daily during hospitalization for delirium. We used C-reactive protein (CRP) as a pathophysiologic marker of inflammation, previously associated with delirium. Markers of reserve included vocabulary knowledge, education, cognitive activities, occupation type and complexity, head circumference, intracranial volume, and leisure activities...
November 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Yao Ma, Ying-Jun Wang, Bing-Rui Chen, Hao-Jie Shi, Hao Wang, Mohammad Reeaze Khurwolah, Ya-Fei Li, Zhi-Yong Xie, Yang Yang, Lian-Sheng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of working hours and occupational physical activity (OPA) with the occurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 595 participants (354 and 241 patients with and without CHD, respectively) aged between 24 and 65 were enrolled in our study, which was conducted at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between December 2015 and October 2016. Participant characteristics were collected from face-to-face questionnaires, and logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the association of working hours and OPA with the occurrence of CHD...
2017: PloS One
Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: While benefits of workplace physical exercise on physical health is well known, little is known about the psychosocial effects of such initiatives. This study evaluates the effect of workplace versus home-based physical exercise on psychosocial factors among healthcare workers. METHODS: A total of 200 female healthcare workers (Age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1) from 18 departments at three hospitals were cluster-randomized to 10 weeks of: 1) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed alone during leisure time for 10 min 5 days per week or 2) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed in groups during working hours for 10 min 5 days per week and up to 5 group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
Chelsea A Pelletier, Maryam Omidvar, Masae Miyatani, Lora Giangregorio, B Catharine Craven
Increased visceral adiposity places individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) at increased risk of cardiometabolic disease. The purpose of this study was to identify if people with chronic SCI who participate in any moderate- to vigorous-intensity leisure time physical activity (LTPA) have lower visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area compared with those who report none. Participants included 136 adult men (n = 100) and women (n = 36) with chronic (mean (±SD) 15.6 ± 11.3 years post-injury) tetraplegia (n = 66) or paraplegia (n = 70) recruited from a tertiary rehabilitation hospital...
February 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Assiya El Kettani, Zineb Serhier, Mohammed Bennani Othmani, Mohamed Agoub, Omar Battas
METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of a sample of 300 physicians using self-administered questionnaire over the period 2013- 2014. Burnout has been operationally defined through a French translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). RESULTS: A total of 191 physicians participated in the study (response rate 63.7%) with a female predominance at 79.1% and an average age of 26.7 years (N = 3). The average scores of sub-dimensions of the MBI: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfilment were (33...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"