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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319247/occupational-and-recreational-physical-activity-and-parkinson-s-disease-in-denmark
#1
I-Fan Shih, Charlotte Starhof, Christina Funch Lassen, Johnni Hansen, Zeyan Liew, Beate Ritz
Objectives This study aimed to examine whether occupational and physical activity (PA) at different ages contribute to Parkinson's disease (PD) risk in a large population-based case-control study in Denmark. Methods We identified 1828 PD patients from the Danish National Hospital Register and recruited 1909 gender and year of birth matched controls from the Danish Central Population Register. Occupational and leisure-time PA were determined from a job exposure matrix based on occupational history and self-reported leisure-time information...
March 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298225/exploring-public-sector-physicians-resilience-reactions-and-coping-strategies-in-times-of-economic-crisis-findings-from-a-survey-in-portugal-s-capital-city-area
#2
Giuliano Russo, Carlos André Pires, Julian Perelman, Luzia Gonçalves, Pedro Pita Barros
BACKGROUND: Evidence is accumulating on the impact of the recent economic crisis on health and health systems across Europe. However, little is known about the effect this is having on physicians - a crucial resource for the delivery of healthcare services. This paper explores the adaptation to the crisis of public sector physicians and their ability to keep performing their functions, with the objective of gaining a better understanding of health workers' resilience under deteriorating conditions...
March 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280919/the-influence-of-clinical-and-patient-reported-outcomes-on-post-surgery-satisfaction-in-cholecystectomy-patients
#3
K A McLean, Z Sheng, S O'Neill, K Boyce, C Jones, S J Wigmore, E M Harrison
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) and post-operative satisfaction have become a growing focus of surgical outcome evaluation and are considered key components of the movement towards patient-centred care. The aim was to compare the association of traditional clinical outcome measures and PROMs with post-surgery satisfaction in cholecystectomy patients. METHODS: Patients who had undergone elective or emergency cholecystectomy for gallstone disease were sent validated PROM questionnaires, and telephone follow-up was performed in all cases...
March 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273771/revisiting-cognitive-reserve-and-cognition-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-closer-look-at-depression
#4
Viral P Patel, Lisa As Walker, Anthony Feinstein
BACKGROUND: The protective effect of cognitive reserve (CR) on cognition in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) has been well described. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between aspects of CR, namely, leisure pursuits and depression. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a sample of 155 PwMS and 115 healthy controls (HC) underwent cognitive testing with the Minimal Assessment of Cognitive Function in Multiple Sclerosis (MACFIMS) battery...
February 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270194/factors-associated-with-alcohol-reduction-in-harmful-and-hazardous-drinkers-following-alcohol-brief-intervention-in-scotland-a-qualitative-enquiry
#5
Jean M McQueen, Claire Ballinger, Tracey E Howe
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Brief Intervention (ABI) uses a motivational counselling approach to support individuals to reduce excessive alcohol consumption. There is growing evidence on ABI's use within various health care settings, although how they work and which components enhance success is largely unknown. This paper reports on the qualitative part of a mixed methods study. It explores enablers and barriers associated with alcohol reduction following an ABI. It focuses on alcohol's place within participants' lives and their personal perspectives on reducing consumption...
March 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264676/service-use-of-older-people-who-participate-in-primary-care-health-promotion-a-latent-class-analysis
#6
John A Ford, Kalpa Kharicha, Caroline S Clarke, Allan Clark, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Jill Manthorpe, Nick Steel, Kate Walters
BACKGROUND: Recruiting patients to health promotion programmes who will benefit is crucial to success. A key policy driver for health promotion in older people is to reduce health and social care use. Our aim was to describe service use among older people taking part in the Multi-dimensional Risk Appraisal for Older people primary care health promotion programme. METHODS: A random sample of 1 in 3 older people (≥65 years old) was invited to participate in the Multi-dimensional Risk Appraisal for Older people project across five general practices in London and Hertfordshire...
March 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264614/occupational-therapy-for-complex-inpatients-with-stroke-identification-of-occupational-needs-in-post-acute-rehabilitation-setting
#7
Margherita Schiavi, Stefania Costi, Martina Pellegrini, Debora Formisano, Sergio Borghi, Stefania Fugazzaro
PURPOSE: Inpatients admitted to rehabilitation express needs not linked to disease causing hospitalization. This observational cross-sectional study identifies features and occupational needs of complex inpatients during rehabilitation, focusing on function and ability, regardless of diagnosis. METHOD: This study included sixteen adult inpatients with stroke, deemed complex according to Rehabilitation Complexity Scale-Extended, at admission to Rehabilitation ward (from July 2014 to February 2015)...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195230/epidemiology-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-galicia-spain-trends-over-a-20-year-period
#8
A Montoto-Marqués, M E Ferreiro-Velasco, S Salvador-de la Barrera, V Balboa-Barreiro, A Rodriguez-Sotillo, R Meijide-Failde
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study with prospective and retrospective monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological and demographic characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), and to analyze its epidemiological changes. SETTING: Unidad de Lesionados Medulares, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, in Galicia (Spain). METHODS: The study included patients with TSCI who had been hospitalized between January 1995 and December 2014...
February 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146160/depression-among-the-elderly-a-population-based-study-in-southern-brazil
#9
Inês Gullich, Suele Manjourani Silva Duro, Juraci Almeida Cesar
This study assessed the prevalence of depression and associated factors among Brazilian elderly in Arroio Trinta, Southern Brazil. During home visits, a questionnaire was administered to all people aged 60 or older living in the municipality in 2013. The Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form (GDS-15) was used. The χ 2 test was performed to compare proportions and Poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance in the multivariate analysis. The effect measure applied was the prevalence ratio. The prevalence of depression among 552 (out of 568) elderly studied was 20...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122510/a-prospective-2-site-parallel-intervention-trial-of-a-research-based-film-to-increase-exercise-amongst-older-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Pia Kontos, Shabbir M H Alibhai, Karen-Lee Miller, Dina Brooks, Romeo Colobong, Trisha Parsons, Sarbjit Vanita Jassal, Alison Thomas, Malcolm Binns, Gary Naglie
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that exercise training for hemodialysis patients positively improves morbidity and mortality outcomes, yet exercise programs remain rare and are not systematically incorporated into care. We developed a research-based film, Fit for Dialysis, designed to introduce, motivate, and sustain exercise for wellness amongst older hemodialysis patients, and exercise counseling and support by nephrologists, nurses, and family caregivers. The objective of this clinical trial is to determine whether and in what ways Fit for Dialysis improves outcomes and influences knowledge/attitudes regarding the importance of exercise for wellness in the context of end-stage renal disease...
January 26, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028866/factors-affecting-pain-relief-in-response-to-physical-exercise-interventions-among-healthcare-workers
#11
M D Jakobsen, E Sundstrup, M Brandt, L L Andersen
The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with musculo-skeletal pain reduction during workplace-based or home-based physical exercise interventions among healthcare workers. Two hundred female healthcare workers (age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1, average pain intensity: 3.1 on a scale of 0-10) from three hospitals participated. Participants were randomly allocated at the cluster level (18 departments) to 10 weeks of (i) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed in groups during working hours for 5 × 10 minutes per week and up to five group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise, or (ii) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed alone during leisure-time for 5 × 10 minutes per week...
December 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024086/leisure-time-physical-activity-reduces-total-and-cardiovascular-mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-in-older-adults
#12
Noël C Barengo, Riitta Antikainen, Katja Borodulin, Kennet Harald, Pekka Jousilahti
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is independently associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and with incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke in older adults. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study (median follow-up 11.8 years). SETTING: Community, five Finnish provinces. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women aged 65 to 74 who participated in a baseline risk factor survey between 1997 and 2007 in Finland (N = 2,456)...
December 26, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991459/early-indication-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-from-pmp-use-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#13
Diana C Colon, Ulla Verdugo-Raab, Carmelo P Alvarez, Thomas Steffens, Steven C Marcrum, Stefanie Kolb, Caroline Herr, Dorothee Twardella
CONTEXT: Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) may indicate preclinical noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in adolescents from unsafe personal music player (PMP) use. AIMS: The objective, therefore, was to observe preclinical signs of NIHL in 9th grade adolescents with clinically normal hearing by comparing DPOAE signals between different levels of A-weighted equivalent PMP exposure. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Subjects were recruited from all secondary-level schools located in the city of Regensburg, Germany during two academic years 2009/2010 and 2010/2011...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928900/determining-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-haemophilia-in-developing-economies-results-from-the-brazilian-population
#14
T Salomon, D G Chaves, S Brener, P R J Martins, J V M Mambrini, S V Peixoto
INTRODUCTION: Several studies show the negative impact of haemophilia in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This issue is not well explored in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the HRQOL and its associated factors in patients with haemophilia A/B in Brazil. Data were collected by questionnaire and in medical records, including a Portuguese version of Haem-A-Qol. RESULTS: Brazilian patients were invited to the study and 175 participants (147 haemophilics A and 28 haemophilics B) were included...
January 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919116/stylohyoid-complex-eagle-syndrome-starting-in-a-9-year-old-boy
#15
Maite Gárriz-Luis, Pablo Irimia, Juan M Alcalde, Pablo Domínguez, Juan Narbona
Background There are only four previous pediatric reports of the glossopharyngeal neuralgic form of the stylohyoid complex syndrome. Stylohyoid complex has merely been described as cases of glossopharyngeal neuralgia in children. Case Report A 12-year-old boy came to our hospital because of recurrent episodes of severe cranial pain (9/10) lasting for 5 to 15 minutes. Pain affected the right tonsillar fossa, ear, and mastoid region. Since the start at the age of 9 years, the frequency of painful episodes has progressively increased: when admitted to our clinics 3 years later, the child was having up to five episodes daily in spite of analgesic, antiepileptic, and antidepressant drugs; he had abandoned school and leisure...
February 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910901/risk-factors-for-endometrial-cancer-results-from-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#16
Maryam Ghanbari Andarieh, Mouloud Agajani Delavar, Dariush Moslemi, Sedighe Esmaeilzadeh
Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association between endometrial cancer and possible etiological agents. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Iran between March 2012 and May 2016. The demographic and reproductive factors of 205 women with endometrial cancer were compared, and 590 healthy cases were participated in the control group. For each endometrial cancer case, there were three controls, who were matched in terms of age and residence. The data were considered significant at p ≤0...
October 1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887610/integral-strategy-to-supportive-care-in-breast-cancer-survivors-through-occupational-therapy-and-a-m-health-system-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Mario Lozano-Lozano, Lydia Martín-Martín, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Francisco Álvarez-Salvago, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Carmen Sánchez-Salado, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
BACKGROUND: Technological support using e-health mobile applications (m-health) is a promising strategy to improve the adherence to healthy lifestyles in breast cancer survivors (excess in energy intake or low physical activity are determinants of the risk of recurrence, second cancers and cancer mortality). Moreover, cancer rehabilitation programs supervised by health professionals are needed due to the inherent characteristics of these breast cancer patients. Our main objective is to compare the clinical efficacy of a m-health lifestyle intervention system alone versus an integral strategy to improve Quality of Life in breast cancer survivors...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852513/premorbid-exercise-engagement-and-motor-reserve-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Mun K Sunwoo, Ji E Lee, Jin Y Hong, Byung S Ye, Hye S Lee, Jungsu S Oh, Jae S Kim, Phil H Lee, Young H Sohn
BACKGROUND: Life-long experiences of cognitive activity could enhance cognitive reserve, which may lead individuals to show less cognitive deficits in Alzheimer's disease, despite similar pathological changes. We performed this study to test whether premorbid physical activity may enhance motor reserve in Parkinson's disease (PD) (i.e., less motor deficits despite similar degrees of dopamine depletion). METHODS: We assessed engagement in premorbid leisure-time exercise among 102 drug naive PD patients who had been initially diagnosed at our hospital by dopamine transporter scanning...
January 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849273/use-of-prescription-drugs-and-self-medication-among-men
#19
Maria Aparecida Medeiros Barros do Prado, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco, Tássia Fraga Bastos, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
Objective: To estimate the prevalence, investigate factors associated with the use of medication according to prescription, identify the main pharmaceuticals consumed through self-medication, and the reason for this use among adult men. Methods: This cross-sectional population-based study with stratified clustered two-stage sampling was conducted in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008/2009. Results: Of the 1,063 men, 45.3% reported using at least 1 drug in the last 3 days...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813488/-epidemiology-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-iceland-from-1975-to-2014
#20
Eyrún Arna Kristinsdottir, Sigrun Knutsdottir, Kristinn Sigvaldason, Halldor Jonsson, Pall E Ingvarsson
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is serious and often has long-term consequences. Since no cure has been found the emphasis has been on preventive measures. The incidence of TSCI varies between countries and the epidemiology has been changing. The aim of this study was to gather epidemiological data on patients with TSCI in Iceland and search for risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hospital records of everyone diagnosed with TSCI in 1975-2014 admitted to Landspitali University Hospital were reviewed and information gathered on incidence, age, gender and causes of injury...
November 2016: Læknablađiđ
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