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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794273/trajectories-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-stroke-in-women-in-the-california-teachers-study
#1
Joshua Z Willey, Jenna Voutsinas, Ayesha Sherzai, Huiyan Ma, Leslie Bernstein, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ying K Cheung, Sophia S Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether changes in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) over time are associated with lower risk of stroke is not well established. We examined the association between changes in self-reported LTPA 10 years apart, with risk of incident stroke in the CTS (California Teachers Study). We hypothesized that the risk of stroke would be lowest among those who remained active. METHODS: Sixty-one thousand two hundred and fifty-six CTS participants reported LTPA at 2 intensity levels (moderate and strenuous activity) at 2 time points (baseline 1995-96; 10-year follow-up 2005-2006)...
August 9, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780911/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-physical-performance-in-later-life-in-different-birth-weight-groups
#2
H Jantunen, N S Wasenius, M K Salonen, M-M Perälä, H Kautiainen, M Simonen, P Pohjolainen, E Kajantie, M B von Bonsdorff, J G Eriksson
There is strong evidence that physical activity (PA) has an influence on physical performance in later life. Also, a small body size at birth has been associated with lower physical functioning in older age and both small and high birth weight have shown to be associated with lower leisure time physical activity. However, it is unknown whether size at birth modulates the association between PA and physical performance in old age. We examined 695 individuals from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study born in Helsinki, Finland between 1934 and 1944...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751663/caregiver-burden-in-schizophrenia-following-paliperidone-palmitate-long-acting-injectables-treatment-pooled-analysis-of-two-double-blind-randomized-phase-three-studies
#3
Srihari Gopal, Haiyan Xu, Kelly McQuarrie, Adam Savitz, Isaac Nuamah, Kimberly Woodruff, Maju Mathews
The pooled analysis of two double-blind, randomized, multicenter, phase-3 studies evaluated predictors of improvement or worsening of schizophrenia-related caregiver burden following paliperidone palmitate long-acting injectables (1-monthly [PP1M] and 3-monthly [PP3M]) treatment. Caregivers were offered to complete the involvement evaluation questionnaire (involvement evaluation questionnaire; 31-item scale). Total, 1498 caregivers (intent-to-treat open-label analysis set, n = 1497; mean [SD] age: 51.5 [13...
July 27, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750940/lifestyle-risk-factors-increase-the-risk-of-hospitalization-for-sciatica-findings-of-four-prospective-cohort-studies
#4
Rahman Shiri, Ulla Euro, Markku Heliövaara, Mirja Hirvensalo, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Jaro Karppinen, Jouni Lahti, Ossi Rahkonen, Olli T Raitakari, Svetlana Solovieva, Yang Xiaolin, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Tea Lallukka
BACKGROUND: To assess the effects of lifestyle risk factors on the risk of hospitalization for sciatica and to determine whether overweight or obesity modifies the effect of leisure-time physical activity on hospitalization for sciatica. METHODS: We included four Finnish prospective cohort studies (Health 2000 Survey, Mobile Clinic Survey, Helsinki Health Study and Young Finns Study) consisting of 34,589 participants and 1259 hospitalizations for sciatica during 12 to 30 years follow-up...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720264/fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#5
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Eufemia Jacob, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Milena Floria-Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
PURPOSE: The study examined the different dimensions of fatigue (general, sleep/rest, cognitive), health related quality of life (HRQL) (physical, emotional, cognitive, social), and the relationships between fatigue and HRQL in hospitalized children and adolescents with cancer in Brazil. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a pediatric oncology inpatient unit in a comprehensive cancer care hospital in southeast Brazil. They completed the PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the PedsQL Inventory of Quality of Life (Generic and Cancer module) once during hospitalization...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668807/sex-and-gender-interactions-in-the-lives-of-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-in-spain-a-quantitative-qualitative-study
#6
Mar Blasco-Blasco, María Teresa Ruiz-Cantero, Lucero Aida Juárez-Herrera Y Cairo, Vega Jovaní, Eliseo Pascual
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the experiences and contextual support perceived by men and women with spondyloarthritis (SpA) in relation to their demanding productive and reproductive roles. METHODS: A quantitative-qualitative study of 96 men and 54 women with SpA was conducted at the Alicante University General Hospital, in a Spanish Mediterranean city, from March 2013 to February 2014. Descriptive and qualitative content analyses compared working lives and family/partner relationships of male and female patients...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657364/documentation-of-person-centred-health-plans-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#7
Inger Jansson, Andreas Fors, Inger Ekman, Kerstin Ulin
BACKGROUND: Personalised care planning is argued for but there is a need to know more about what the plans actually contain. AIM: To describe the content of person-centred health, plans documented at three healthcare levels for patients with acute coronary syndrome. DESIGN: Patients with acute coronary syndrome aged under 75 years and admitted to two coronary care units at a university hospital were enrolled in the study. This retrospective descriptive study documented 89 person-centred health plans at three healthcare levels: hospital, outpatient and primary care...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637260/associations-of-obesity-and-lifestyle-with-the-risk-and-mortality-of-bloodstream-infection-in-a-general-population-a-15-year-follow-up-of-64%C3%A2-027-individuals-in-the-hunt-study
#8
Julie Paulsen, Åsa Askim, Randi Marie Mohus, Arne Mehl, Andrew Dewan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Bjørn O Åsvold
Background: Bloodstream infections (BSI) cause considerable morbidity and mortality, and primary prevention should be a priority. Lifestyle factors are of particular interest since they represent a modifiable target. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among participants in the population-based Norwegian HUNT2 Survey, where 64 027 participants were followed from 1995-97 through 2011 by linkage to prospectively recorded information on BSI at local and regional hospitals...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624676/predictors-of-daily-life-suicidal-ideation-in-adults-recently-discharged-after-a-serious-suicide-attempt-a-pilot-study
#9
Mathilde Husky, Joel Swendsen, Adela Ionita, Isabelle Jaussent, Catherine Genty, Philippe Courtet
The aims of the study are to examine the predictive role of fluctuations in daily life mood, social contexts, and behavior on subsequent suicidal ideation (SI); and to identify clinical and psychological factors associated with the general frequency of SI in a high-risk sample. The sample comprised 42 adults (73.8% female) hospitalized for a suicide attempt. Immediately following hospital discharge, they used Ecological Momentary Assessment for seven consecutive days, providing repeated measures of SI, environmental, contextual, and behavioral factors...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614441/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-minor-psychiatric-disorders-in-hospital-housekeeping-workers
#10
Cintia da Silva Marconato, Ana Carolina de Souza Magnago, Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Rafaela Andolhe, Juliana Petri Tavares
OBJECTIVE: Investigating the prevalence and factors associated with minor psychiatric disorders (MPDs) in Hospital housekeeping workers. METHOD: A cross-sectional study carried out in 2013 with workers from the cleaning service of a public university hospital in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected through a form containing sociodemographic, occupational, habits and health variables. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 was used in order to evaluate MPDs...
June 12, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612193/risk-factors-for-sciatica-leading-to-hospitalization
#11
Ulla Euro, P Knekt, H Rissanen, A Aromaa, J Karppinen, M Heliövaara
PURPOSE: To study the known or suspected risk factors for sciatica: Tallness, overweight, smoking, leisure-time physical exercise, self-reported health and occupation, and how they predict hospitalizations due to sciatica. Only a few cohort studies have previously focused on the risk factors for sciatica. METHODS: The 13,095 subjects, free from low back disorders at the baseline in 1973-1976 were followed up to the end of 2011 via the Care Register for Health Care...
June 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578432/effects-of-childhood-and-adolescence-physical-activity-patterns-on-psychosis-risk-a-general-population-cohort-study
#12
Elina Sormunen, Maiju M Saarinen, Raimo K R Salokangas, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tuija Tammelin, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari, Jarmo Hietala
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders are associated with high morbidity and mortality in somatic diseases. The risk factors of this excess mortality include, e.g., obesity, dietary factors, and physical inactivity, especially after the onset of psychosis, but there are limited early developmental data on these factors in individuals who later develop psychosis. A population-based cohort study "Cardiovascular Risk of Young Finns" started in 1980 with 3596 children and adolescents from six different age groups (3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years)...
January 13, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560251/effects-of-childhood-and-adolescence-physical-activity-patterns-on-psychosis-risk-a-general-population-cohort-study
#13
Elina Sormunen, Maiju M Saarinen, Raimo K R Salokangas, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tuija Tammelin, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari, Jarmo Hietala
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders are associated with high morbidity and mortality in somatic diseases. The risk factors of this excess mortality include, e.g., obesity, dietary factors, and physical inactivity, especially after the onset of psychosis, but there are limited early developmental data on these factors in individuals who later develop psychosis. A population-based cohort study "Cardiovascular Risk of Young Finns" started in 1980 with 3596 children and adolescents from six different age groups (3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years)...
2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556676/predictors-of-postpartum-exercise-according-to-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain
#14
Danielle Symons Downs, Krista Leonard, Jessica S Beiler, Ian M Paul
BACKGROUND: The study purposes were to examine: (1) differences in postpartum exercise and related personal/psychological correlates in women according to pre-pregnancy weight and pregnancy gestational weight gain (GWG) status; and (2) predictors of exercise at 2-weeks, 2-months, and 6-months postpartum. METHODS: Participants (N=891) were recruited at maternity hospitalization and completed interviews to assess exercise (Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire) and personal correlates (demographics, anxiety/depressive symptoms) before/during pregnancy...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554920/physical-activity-immune-function-and-inflammation-in-kidney-patients-the-pink-study-a-feasibility-trial-protocol
#15
Patrick James Highton, Jill Neale, Thomas J Wilkinson, Nicolette C Bishop, Alice C Smith
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) display increased infection-related mortality and elevated cardiovascular risk only partly attributed to traditional risk factors. Patients with CKD also exhibit a pro-inflammatory environment and impaired immune function. Aerobic exercise has the potential to positively impact these detriments, but is under-researched in this patient population. This feasibility study will investigate the effects of acute aerobic exercise on inflammation and immune function in patients with CKD to inform the design of larger studies intended to ultimately influence current exercise recommendations...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521730/perceptions-of-problem-drinker-patients-family-members-about-their-own-hazardous-drinking-behaviours-in-chinese-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#16
Chen-Chun Lin, Yun-Fang Tsai, Wen-Ling Yeh, Jung-Ta Kao, Ching-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use has been associated with health, social and legal problems. Alcohol-related problems have been studied primarily in problem-drinker patients, with few studies on their family members, particularly about their own hazardous or harmful alcohol-drinking behaviours. METHOD: In this qualitative descriptive study, participants were recruited from three hospitals randomly selected from northern and central Taiwan (2:1). Hazardous-drinker patients and their family members were screened using the Chinese version Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (scores ≥8 indicate harmful or hazardous drinkers)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513793/social-inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-common-mental-disorders-in-adults-a-population-based-study-in-southern-brazil
#17
Ramona Sant'Ana Maggi de Moraes, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Walter Ferreira de Oliveira, Marco Aurélio Peres
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with Common Mental Disorders (CMD) in adults in a capital city in Southern Brazil. Methods: Population-based survey conducted on 1,720 adults aged 20 - 59 years from Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. The CMD were investigated through the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). The independent variables were demographic, socioeconomic, health-related behaviors, health conditions and use of health services...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508012/rehabilitation-of-discharged-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-are-new-strategies-needed
#18
Lars Morsø, Morten Sall Jensen, Christian von Plessen, Peter Qvist
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after hospital stay implies several benefits for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); still few patients are referred and participate in rehabilitation programs. We conducted a case study to investigate the effects of interventions targeting the referral, uptake, and completion for a program of early rehabilitation in the primary health-care sector. METHODS: We undertook targeted initiatives to make patients participate in an individualized rehabilitation program with gradual increased intensity...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503971/mental-vulnerability-helicobacter-pylori-and-incidence-of-hospital-diagnosed-peptic-ulcer-over-28-years-in-a-population-based-cohort
#19
Susan Levenstein, Rikke Kart Jacobsen, Steffen Rosenstock, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether mental vulnerability, an enduring personality characteristic, predicts incident hospital-diagnosed ulcer over three decades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study enrolled 3365 subjects with no ulcer history, ages 30-60, in 1982-3. Mental vulnerability, Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies, socioeconomic status, and sleep duration were determined at baseline; non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug use, smoking, leisure time physical activity, and alcohol consumption both at baseline and in 1993-4...
May 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497480/effectiveness-of-portable-electronic-and-optical-magnifiers-for-near-vision-activities-in-low-vision-a-randomised-crossover-trial
#20
John J Taylor, Rachel Bambrick, Andrew Brand, Nathan Bray, Michelle Dutton, Robert A Harper, Zoe Hoare, Barbara Ryan, Rhiannon T Edwards, Heather Waterman, Christine Dickinson
PURPOSE: To compare the performance of near vision activities using additional portable electronic vision enhancement systems (p-EVES), to using optical magnifiers alone, by individuals with visual impairment. METHODS: A total of 100 experienced optical aid users were recruited from low vision clinics at Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, UK, to a prospective two-arm cross-over randomised controlled trial. Reading, performance of near vision activities, and device usage were evaluated at baseline; and at the end of each study arm (Intervention A: existing optical aids plus p-EVES; Intervention B: optical aids only) which was after 2 and 4 months...
May 12, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
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