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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765935/experiences-during-a-psychoeducational-intervention-program-run-in-a-pediatric-ward-a-qualitative-study
#1
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761286/a-qualitative-analysis-of-stress-and-relaxation-themes-contributing-to-burnout-in-first-year-psychiatry-and-medicine-residents
#2
Nicole M Benson, Deanna Chaukos, Heather Vestal, Emma F Chad-Friedman, John W Denninger, Christina P C Borba
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative research on trainee well-being can add nuance to the understanding of propagators of burnout, and the role for interventions aimed at supporting well-being. This qualitative study was conducted to identify (i) situations and environments that cause stress for trainees, (ii) stress-reducing activities that trainees utilize, and (iii) whether trainees who report distress (high burnout and depression scores) describe different stressors and relaxation factors than those who do not...
May 14, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749378/frequency-and-associated-factors-of-bone-fractures-in-russians-the-ural-eye-and-medical-study
#3
Mukharram M Bikbov, Rinat R Fayzrakhmanov, Gyulli M Kazakbaeva, Rinat M Zainullin, Venera F Salavatova, Timur R Gilmanshin, Inga I Arslangareeva, Nikolai A Nikitin, Songhomitra Panda-Jonas, Svetlana R Mukhamadieva, Dilya F Yakupova, Renat I Khikmatullin, Said K Aminev, Ildar F Nuriev, Artur F Zaynetdinov, Yulia V Uzianbaeva, Jost B Jonas
With information about frequency of bone fractures in Russia mostly missing, we assessed the frequency of previous bone fractures in a Russian population. The population-based study Ural Eye and Medical Study included 5899 (80.5%) out of 7328 eligible individuals (mean age: 59.0 ± 10.7 years; range: 40-94 years). The history of previous bone fractures was assessed in a standardized interview for 5397 (91.5%) individuals. Mean frequency of any previous bone fracture was 1650/5397 (30.6%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 29, 3, 31...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721331/the-development-of-an-occupational-therapy-intervention-for-adults-with-a-diagnosed-psychotic-disorder-following-discharge-from-hospital
#4
Mary Birken, Claire Henderson, Mike Slade
Background: A deterioration in mental health and admission to an acute mental health unit can result in skill loss and decreased participation in daily life. Furthermore, discharge from hospital is associated with high risks of social isolation and suicide. This intervention development study aims to describe the rationale, methods and processes of developing an intervention for adults with a diagnosed psychotic disorder following discharge from hospital. The intervention aims to increase participation in self-care and leisure, wellbeing and quality of life and reduce crisis service use...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709523/knee-arthroplasty-patients-predicted-versus-actual-recovery-what-are-their-expectations-about-time-of-recovery-following-surgery-and-how-long-before-they-can-do-the-tasks-they-want-to-do
#5
Karen L Barker, Erin Hannink, Sam Pemberton, Cathy Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine evidence-based guidance for the length of time to return to specific valued functional and leisure activities following knee arthroplasty (KA). (2) To determine what patients feel are the most important functional or leisure activities to recover after KA. (3) To collect information about patients' expectations and compare them to the actual time it takes to return. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort observational survey SETTING: Specialist orthopaedic hospital PARTICIPANTS: 99 patients with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis (mean= 69...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694514/-between-military-engineering-and-medical-architecture-representations-by-alexandre-rodrigues-ferreira-about-the-city-of-bel%C3%A3-m-in-the-late-eighteenth-century
#6
Ermelinda Moutinho Pataca
This paper discusses Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira's conceptions about the urbanization of Belém, rooted in natural history and social medicine, as expressed in the work of Antônio Nunes Ribeiro Sanches. The influence of military engineering on its constitution in the 1600s and the spread of this fortress town are investigated, emphasizing Ferreira's criticisms of the geostrategic centrality in the development of the city. The urban reforms of the 1700s under the precepts of medical architecture are then presented, such as the building of the Royal Military Hospital and the water supply system...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673899/it-s-about-time-cesarean-sections-and-neonatal-health
#7
Ana María Costa-Ramón, Ana Rodríguez-González, Miquel Serra-Burriel, Carlos Campillo-Artero
Cesarean sections have been associated in the literature with poorer newborn health, particularly with a higher incidence of respiratory morbidity. Most studies suffer, however, from potential omitted variable bias, as they are based on simple comparisons of mothers who give birth vaginally and those who give birth by cesarean section. We try to overcome this limitation and provide credible causal evidence by using variation in the probability of having a c-section that is arguably unrelated to maternal and fetal characteristics: variation by time of day...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624458/burden-of-asthma-among-patients-adherent-to-ics-laba-a-real-world-study
#8
Jill Davis, Frank Trudo, James Siddall, Mark Small
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition with a U.S. prevalence of 7.4%. Despite numerous treatment options, asthma remains poorly controlled in some patients. Uncontrolled asthma is associated with high healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) and reduced productivity. This study assessed symptoms, productivity, and HCRU of patients adherent to medium/high-dosage inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting beta2-agonist (ICS/LABA) treatment, and the relationship of asthma control with these parameters...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582161/sex-differences-in-the-association-of-psychological-status-with-measures-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Liliana Indelicato, Marco Dauriz, Elisabetta Bacchi, Silvia Donà, Lorenza Santi, Carlo Negri, Vittorio Cacciatori, Enzo Bonora, Arie Nouwen, Paolo Moghetti
AIM: To assess the association of psychological variables on leisure-time physical activity and sedentary time in men and women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated 163 patients with T2D, consecutively recruited at the Diabetes Centre of the Verona General Hospital. Scores on depression and anxiety symptoms, psychosocial factors (including self-efficacy, perceived interference, perceived severity, social support, misguided support behaviour, spouse's positive behaviour), physical activity and time spent sitting were ascertained using questionnaires responses to the Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire, International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
March 26, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538604/paternal-care-to-children-and-adolescent-with-chronic-disease-maternal-perception
#10
Raquel Maria Ramos, Vanessa Medeiros da Nóbrega, Leiliane Teixeira Bento Fernandes, Amanda Narciso Machado, Neusa Collet
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the maternal perception about the paternal care and to understand how this care Is made effective In practical actions in the care of the child/adolescent with chronic disease in the family routine. METHODS: Exploratory-descriptive, qualitative study, carried out at the pediatric outpatient clinic of a public hospital in the state of Paraíba, between November/2013 and April/2014, with 10 mothers whose children had more than six months of diagnosis...
March 12, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538581/coping-strategies-of-people-living-with-aids-in-face-of-the-disease
#11
Rafael Tavares Silveira Silva, Richardson Augusto Rosendo da Silva, Iellen Dantas Campos Verdes Rodrigues, Vinicius Lino de Souza Neto, Bárbara Coeli Oliveira da Silva, Francisca Marta de Lima Costa Souza
OBJECTIVE: to identify the coping strategies of people living with aids to face the disease and analyze them according to sociodemographic, clinical and lifestyle variables. METHOD: this is a cross-sectional quantitative study. The sample consisted of 331 people living with aids treated at an outpatient clinic at a referral hospital for treatment of aids. The Coping Strategies Inventory was used to collect the data. RESULTS: emotion-focused coping modes were more frequently mentioned...
March 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519635/alcohol-and-injury-among-attendees-at-a-busy-inner-city-new-zealand-emergency-department
#12
Bridget Kool, Sarah Buller, Ron Kuriyan, Charlotte M Jones-Todd, David Newcombe, Peter Jones
INTRODUCTION: We present a study that provides a contemporary view of alcohol-related injury prevalence amongst patients presenting to a New Zealand (NZ) emergency department (ED). METHODS: Adult injury patients presenting to Auckland City Hospital ED within 6 h of injury were invited to participate during three recruitment periods (2015-2016). An interviewer-administered questionnaire obtained information on demographic, injury, general health, and lifestyle factors...
April 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506688/exercise-electrocardiogram-in-middle-aged-and-older-leisure-time-sportsmen-100-exercise-tests-would-be-enough-to-identify-one-silent-myocardial-ischemia-at-risk-for-cardiac-event
#13
David Hupin, Pascal Edouard, Mathieu Oriol, Jari Laukkanen, Pierre Abraham, Stéphane Doutreleau, Jean-Michel Guy, François Carré, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Frédéric Roche, Jean-Claude Chatard
BACKGROUND: The importance of exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) has been controversial in the prevention of cardiac events among sportsmen. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) from an exercise ECG and its relationship with induced coronary angiographic assessment and potentially preventable cardiac events. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included leisure time asymptomatic sportsmen over 35years old, referred from 2011 to 2014 in the Sports Medicine Unit of the University Hospital of Saint-Etienne...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503227/characteristics-of-health-problems-in-returned-overseas-travelers-at-a-tertiary-teaching-hospital-in-a-suburban-area-in-japan
#14
Kazuki Hirata, Taku Ogawa, Hiroyuki Fujikura, Yoshihiko Ogawa, Nobuyasu Hirai, Tomoko Nakagawa-Onishi, Kenji Uno, Masahiro Takeyama, Kei Kasahara, Fukumi Nakamura-Uchiyama, Mitsuru Konishi, Keiichi Mikasa
Few studies have analyzed the characteristics of patients who develop physical disorders after overseas travel. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 183 patients who visited Nara Medical University Hospital from 2008 to 2016 because of physical problems after traveling abroad. The main travel destinations were Southeast Asia (n = 100), Africa (n = 27), and South Asia (n = 23). The main reasons for the travel were leisure (n = 96), business (n = 51), and volunteer work (n = 19). The most common final diagnosis was gastrointestinal disease (n = 72), followed by febrile disease (n = 59) and respiratory disease (n = 19)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493433/total-sitting-time-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-hospitalization-due-to-low-back-pain-the-danish-health-examination-survey-cohort-2007-2008
#15
Mie Balling, Teresa Holmberg, Christina B Petersen, Mette Aadahl, Dan W Meyrowitsch, Janne S Tolstrup
AIMS: This study aimed to test the hypotheses that a high total sitting time and vigorous physical activity in leisure time increase the risk of low back pain and herniated lumbar disc disease. METHODS: A total of 76,438 adults answered questions regarding their total sitting time and physical activity during leisure time in the Danish Health Examination Survey 2007-2008. Information on low back pain diagnoses up to 10 September 2015 was obtained from The National Patient Register...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454465/fatigue-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-problems-in-hospital-nurses
#16
Ahmad Bazazan, Iman Dianat, Zohreh Mombeini, Aydin Aynehchi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships among quality of life (QoL), mental health problems and fatigue among hospital nurses, and to test whether fatigue and its multiple dimensions would mediate the effect of QoL on mental health problems. Data were collected using questionnaires (including the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF [WHOQOL-BREF], General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-12] and Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory [MFI-20] for evaluation of QoL, mental health problems and fatigue, respectively) from 990 Iranian hospital nurses, and analysed by generalized structural equation modelling (GSEM)...
February 14, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414757/effect-of-physical-exercise-on-musculoskeletal-pain-in-multiple-body-regions-among-healthcare-workers-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: While physical exercise is beneficial for back and neck-shoulder pain, only few intervention studies have evaluated effects on pain in multiple body regions. Furthermore, direct measurement of pain threshold can provide additional information to self-reported pain intensity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of workplace versus home-based physical exercise on pressure pain threshold (PPT) and musculoskeletal pain intensity in multiple body regions. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of an examiner-blinded, cluster randomized controlled trial with allocation concealment...
April 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414539/the-direct-and-indirect-costs-of-dravet-syndrome
#18
Melanie D Whittington, Kelly G Knupp, Gina Vanderveen, Chong Kim, Arnold Gammaitoni, Jonathan D Campbell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the annual direct and indirect costs associated with Dravet Syndrome (DS). METHODS: A survey was electronically administered to the caregivers of patients with DS treated at Children's Hospital Colorado. Survey domains included healthcare utilization of the patient with DS and DS caregiver work productivity and activity impairment. Patient healthcare utilization was measured using modified questions from the National Health Interview Survey; caregiver work productivity and activity impairment were measured using modified questions from the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire...
March 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355291/objectively-measured-physical-activity-of-hospital-shift-workers
#19
Bette Loef, Allard J van der Beek, Andreas Holtermann, Gerben Hulsegge, Debbie van Baarle, Karin I Proper
Objectives Shift work may alter workers' leisure-time and occupational physical activity (PA) levels, which might be one of the potential underlying mechanisms of the negative health effects of shift work. Therefore, we compared objectively measured PA levels between hospital shift and non-shift workers. Methods Data were used from Klokwerk+, a cohort study examining the health effects of shift work among healthcare workers employed in hospitals. In total, 401 shift workers and 78 non-shift workers were included, all of whom wore Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for up to seven days...
January 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306698/gender-differences-in-c-reactive-protein-and-homocysteine-modulation-of-cognitive-performance-and-real-world-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder
#20
M Sanchez-Autet, B Arranz, G Safont, P Sierra, A Garcia-Blanco, L de la Fuente, M Garriga, M P García-Portilla
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and psychosocial impairment has been associated with increased levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and homocysteine in bipolar disorder, but gender differences have seldom been studied. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-four bipolar outpatients were included. Cognitive performance was assessed through the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP). Psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) and the General Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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