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Hospitality and leisure

Larry E Miller, William G Herbert
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a traumatic, life-disrupting event with an annual incidence of 17,000 cases in the US. SCI is characterized by progressive physical deconditioning due to limited mobility and lack of modalities to allow safe physical activity that may partially offset these deleterious physical changes. Approximately, 50% of patients with SCI report no leisure-time physical activity and 15% report leisure-time physical activity below the threshold where meaningful health benefits could be realized...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
Harri Hemilä
BACKGROUND: Vitamin E has influenced the immune system in laboratory studies. Dozens of animal experiments have found that vitamin E offered protection against infections caused by viruses and bacteria. Previously, significant heterogeneity was found in the effect of vitamin E supplementation on pneumonia in humans. The aim of this study was to examine how the effect of vitamin E on pneumonia risk depends on age. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention study in Finland, 1985-1993, was performed...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Fredrik Röding, Marie Lindkvist, Ulrica Bergström, Jack Lysholm
BACKGROUND: The injury spectrum published in the literature has mainly been presented for a certain age group, as elderly or for a certain type of injury, as fracture and often restricted to in-hospital care cases. Our objective was to give an overview of the major types of injuries for all age groups and trends in the adult population. METHODS: We analyzed 68,159 adult injury events, which occurred between 1999 and 2008 and was treated at the Emergency Department of Umea University Hospital...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Graham Kirkwood, Thomas C Hughes, Allyson M Pollock
BACKGROUND: A pilot injury data collection exercise at the emergency departments (EDs) of Oxford University Hospitals National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust (OUH) ran from 2012 to 2014 to inform the current development of the new NHS England emergency care data set. METHODS: Data collected at the EDs of OUH 1 January 2012 to 30 March 2014 analysed for Oxford City and Cherwell District Council areas. Data completeness and quality checked against Hospital Episode Statistic (HES) returns...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Glenda Cook, Cathy Bailey, Philip Hodgson, Joanne Gray, Emma Barron, Christine McMillan, Roy Marston, Eleanor Binks, Joanne Rose
The aim of this study was to examine sheltered housing tenants' views of health and well-being, the strategies they adopted to support their well-being, and their use of health and social care services through a Health Needs Assessment. Sheltered housing in the UK is a form of service-integrated housing for people, predominantly over 60. The study used a parallel, three-strand mixed method approach to encompass the tenants' perceptions of health and well-being (n = 96 participants), analysis of the service's health and well-being database, and analysis of emergency and elective hospital admissions (n = 978 tenant data sets for the period January to December 2012)...
October 10, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
Kaori Kitamura, Yumi Watanabe, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Sanpei, Minako Wakasugi, Akio Yokoseki, Osamu Onodera, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Ryozo Kuwano, Takeshi Momotsu, Ichiei Narita, Naoto Endo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Evidence on modifiable factors associated with cognitive impairment in Japanese patients is scarce. This study aimed to determine modifiable factors for cognitive impairment in a Japanese hospital-based population. METHODS: Subjects of this cross-sectional study were 1,143 patients of Sado General Hospital (Niigata, Japan) registered in the Project in Sado for Total Health (PROST) between June 2008 and September 2014. We assessed disease history, body mass index (BMI), leisure time physical activity, walking time, smoking and drinking habits, and consumption of vegetables, fruits, and green tea as predictors, with cognitive impairment defined by the Mini-Mental State Examination (score <24) as an outcome...
May 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
Mikko Härmä, Aki Koskinen, Annina Ropponen, Sampsa Puttonen, Kati Karhula, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of widely used questionnaire items on work schedule using objective registry data as reference. METHOD: A cohort study of hospital employees who responded to a self-administered questionnaire on work schedule in 2008, 2012 and 2014 and were linked to individual-level pay-roll-based records on work shifts. For predictive validity, leisure-time fatigue was assessed. RESULTS: According to the survey data in 2014 (n=8896), 55% of the day workers had at least 1 year of earlier shift work experience...
September 27, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ngor Side Diagne, Massaman Camara, Abou Sy, Ousmane Cissé, Amadou Koura Ndao, Amadou Gallo Diop, Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye
OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the aim of our study was to determine risk factors for poor quality of life by considering disability after stroke in its multidimensional aspects but also to see the impact of each risk factor on the dimensions of quality of life. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study of stroke patients confirmed, followed by neurovascular consultation at Fann Hospital in Dakar has been achieved. Quality of life was evaluated by the 65 Sikness Impact Profile (SIP 65), the depression by the scale of Beck...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Stéphanie Malaquin, Yazine Mahjoub, Arianna Musi, Elie Zogheib, Alexis Salomon, Mathieu Guilbart, Hervé Dupont
INTRODUCTION: There has been a growing interest in evaluating the occurrence of burnout syndrome (BOS) among intensive care units (ICU) team over recent years. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of BOS among staff working in the Amiens University Hospital and to assess associated factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study based on self-administered questionnaires filled in by physicians and non-physicians working in 3 ICUs...
September 23, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Lale Tokgözoğlu, Sercan Okutucu, Ergun Barış Kaya, Çetin Erol, Oktay Ergene
OBJECTIVE: The present objective was to compare changes in lifestyle between (i) Turkish women and Turkish men, and (ii) Turkish women and European women, after hospitalization for coronary heart disease (CHD). Risk factor management, physical activity, mood, and quality of life (QOL) indices were compared. METHODS: A total of 2268 women (25.3% of 8966 patients, mean age: 65.8±9.0 years) were interviewed using the European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events III (EUROASPIRE III)...
September 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Felix B Yap, Sze T Kiung, Jeffrey B Yap
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on quality of life issues in patients with leprosy suffering from erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). Thus, we aim to study the effect of ENL on quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hansen's Clinic, Hospital Kuala Lumpur between January 2010 and December 2013 among patients with multibacillary leprosy using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). RESULTS: A total of 153 patients participated with 31...
July 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Talitha I Verhoef, Rebecca Daley, Laura Vallejo-Torres, Lyn S Chitty, Stephen Morris
OBJECTIVE: to estimate the costs to women, their friends and family for different antenatal tests in the Down's syndrome (DS) screening pathway. DESIGN: questionnaire-based costing study. SETTING: eight maternity clinics across the UK. PARTICIPANTS: pregnant women (n=574) attending an appointment for DS screening, NIPT or invasive testing between December 2013 and September 2014. MEASUREMENTS: using data collected from the questionnaires we calculated the total costs to women by multiplying the time spent at the hospital and travelling to and from it by the opportunity costs of the women and accompanying person and adding travel and childcare costs...
September 2016: Midwifery
Ales Grambal, Jan Prasko, Dana Kamaradova, Klara Latalova, Michaela Holubova, Zuzana Sedláčková, Radovan Hruby
INTRODUCTION: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) significantly reduces the quality of life (QoL) in mental, social, and work domains. Patients with BPD often suffer from depressive anxiety symptoms. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to compare the QoL and demographic and clinical factors of inpatients diagnosed with BPD and comorbid anxiety spectrum disorders, and healthy controls. METHODS: Ninety-two hospitalized patients treated in the psychotherapeutic department and 40 healthy controls were included...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Anna Zisberg, Nurit Gur-Yaish
This study is the first to explore whether hospitalization disrupts the daily routines of dependent and independent older adults. Data were collected as part of a prospectively designed study from 330 hospitalized older adults age 70+. Patients reported prehospitalization frequency, duration, and timing of basic activities of daily living and leisure activities at hospital admission. Hospital routine was assessed on day of discharge. Results indicated that frequency and duration of most basic activities decreased during hospitalization; the sharpest decrease was in frequency of getting dressed...
July 27, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Adrian Wong, Alexander Y L Lau, Eugene Lo, Michael Tang, Zhaolu Wang, Wenyan Liu, Nicole Tanner, Natalie Chau, Lorraine Law, Lin Shi, Winnie C W Chu, Jie Yang, Yun-Yun Xiong, Bonnie Y K Lam, Lisa Au, Anne Y Y Chan, Yannie Soo, Thomas W H Leung, Lawrence K S Wong, Linda C W Lam, Vincent C T Mok
BACKGROUND: Leisure activity participation has been shown to lower risks of cognitive decline in non-stroke populations. However, effects of leisure activities participation upon cognitive functions and risk of dementia after stroke are unclear. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of recent past leisure activities participation upon cognitive functions and risk of incident dementia after stroke. METHODS: Hospital-based, retrospective cohort study...
2016: PloS One
Igor Belyaev, Amy Dean, Horst Eger, Gerhard Hubmann, Reinhold Jandrisovits, Markus Kern, Michael Kundi, Hanns Moshammer, Piero Lercher, Kurt Müller, Gerd Oberfeld, Peter Ohnsorge, Peter Pelzmann, Claus Scheingraber, Roby Thill
Chronic diseases and illnesses associated with non-specific symptoms are on the rise. In addition to chronic stress in social and work environments, physical and chemical exposures at home, at work, and during leisure activities are causal or contributing environmental stressors that deserve attention by the general practitioner as well as by all other members of the health care community. It seems necessary now to take "new exposures" like electromagnetic fields (EMF) into account. Physicians are increasingly confronted with health problems from unidentified causes...
September 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Ane K Skielboe, Jacob L Marott, Ulrik Dixen, Jens B Friberg, Gorm B Jensen
BACKGROUND: Previous findings regarding physical activity and risk of incident atrial fibrillation (AF) are controversial, focusing on leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and without distinguishing it from occupational physical activity (OPA). Our aim was to study the association between physical activity and risk of AF, with special attention to the possible divergent effects of OPA and LTPA. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective, observational cohort study, 17,196 subjects were included from the Copenhagen Population Register...
July 18, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Nilesh Chandrakant Gawde, Prashika R Kurlikar
CONTEXT: Non-communicable diseases have emerged as a global health issue. Role of occupation in pathogenesis of non-communicable diseases has not been explored much especially in the hospitality industry. AIMS: Objectives of this study include finding risk factor prevalence among hotel workers and studying relationship between occupational group and chronic disease risk factors chiefly high body mass index. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among non-managerial employees from classified hotels in India...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Mark A Clemence, Richard L Guerrant
Marine and coastal regions provide a diverse range of foods and serve as recreation and leisure areas for large numbers of people in many parts of the world. However, they also serve as environments associated with numerous hazards. The number of cases of fish- and shellfish-related food poisonings in the United States has increased in recent years, accounting for over 600,000 illnesses, with 3,000 hospitalizations and 94 deaths annually. Human diseases due to pathogenic Vibrio species can result from both ingestion of contaminated shellfish and exposure of open wounds to contaminated seawater...
December 2015: Microbiology Spectrum
Amanda Tow, Roee Holtzer, Cuiling Wang, Alok Sharan, Sun Jin Kim, Aharon Gladstein, Yossef Blum, Joe Verghese
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of cognitive reserve in reducing delirium incidence and severity in older adults undergoing surgery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (mean age 71.2, 65% women) undergoing elective orthopedic surgery (N = 142). MEASUREMENTS: Incidence (Confusion Assessment Method) and severity (Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale) of postoperative delirium were the primary outcomes...
June 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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