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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306698/gender-differences-in-c-reactive-protein-and-homocysteine-modulation-of-cognitive-performance-and-real-world-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder
#1
M Sanchez-Autet, B Arranz, G Safont, P Sierra, A Garcia-Blanco, L de la Fuente, M Garriga, M P García-Portilla
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and psychosocial impairment has been associated with increased levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and homocysteine in bipolar disorder, but gender differences have seldom been studied. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-four bipolar outpatients were included. Cognitive performance was assessed through the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP). Psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) and the General Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242596/total-energy-expenditure-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-are-associated-with-reduced-odds-of-reclassification-among-men-on-active-surveillance
#2
David E Guy, Avi Vandersluis, Laurence H Klotz, Neil Fleshner, Alexander Kiss, Chris Parker, Vasundara Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: Research examining the association between physical activity (PA) and prostate cancer (PCa) has accumulated; however, few studies have examined this association in the context of active surveillance. The current study examines this among men initially diagnosed with favorable-risk PCa and managed by active surveillance at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Canada and the Royal Marsden Hospital in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire on daily participation in non-leisure, transport, and recreational PA...
December 14, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237499/risk-factors-for-first-hospitalization-due-to-meniscal-lesions-a-population-based-cohort-study-with-30%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#3
Tea Kontio, Markku Heliövaara, Harri Rissanen, Paul Knekt, Arpo Aromaa, Svetlana Solovieva
BACKGROUND: Meniscal lesions are among the most common injuries of the knee, yet limited epidemiologic data is available on their risk factors. We investigated the association of lifestyle factors and physical strenuousness of work on knee injuries with a focus on meniscal lesions. METHODS: We examined a nationally representative sample of persons aged 30 to 59 years, who participated in a comprehensive health examination (the Mini-Finland Health Survey). Subjects without any injury or osteoarthritis in the knee joint at baseline (n = 4713) were subsequently followed via the National Hospital Discharge Register up to 30 years...
December 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165133/leisure-time-physical-activity-in-youth-as-a-predictor-of-adult-leisure-physical-activity-among-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Hiroaki Itoh, Fumihiko Kitamura, Noriko Hagi, Tomoe Mashiko, Takehisa Matsukawa, Kazuhito Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Workers in Japan are not sufficiently active; however, it remains unclear how their leisure-time physical activity habits may be developed. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship of age- and intensity-specific leisure-time physical activity in youth to adulthood leisure-time physical activity habits among Japanese workers. METHODS: In 2012, 968 workers (333 males and 635 females) from three companies and six hospitals in the Tokai region of Japan agreed to complete and submit a self-administered questionnaire...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148322/the-health-care-job-engine-where-do-they-come-from-and-what-do-they-say-about-our-future
#5
Bianca K Frogner
Health care has been cited as a job engine for the U.S. economy. This study used the Current Population Survey to examine the sector and occupation shifts that underlie this growth trend. Health care has had a cyclical relationship with retail trade, leisure and hospitality, education, and professional services. The entering workforce has been increasingly taking on low-skilled occupations. The exiting workforce has not been necessarily retiring or going back to school, but appeared to be leaving without a job, with potentially more child care duties, and with high rates of disability and poverty levels...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061098/the-cognitive-reserve-model-in-the-development-of-delirium-the-successful-aging-after-elective-surgery-study
#6
Sevdenur Cizginer, Edward Marcantonio, Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Mouhsin Shafi, Eva M Schmitt, Sharon K Inouye, Richard N Jones
We evaluated the role of cognitive and brain reserve markers in modifying the risk of postoperative delirium associated with a pathophysiologic marker. The Successful Aging after Elective Surgery study (SAGES) enrolled 556 adults age ≥70 years without dementia scheduled for major surgery. Patients were assessed preoperatively and daily during hospitalization for delirium. We used C-reactive protein (CRP) as a pathophysiologic marker of inflammation, previously associated with delirium. Markers of reserve included vocabulary knowledge, education, cognitive activities, occupation type and complexity, head circumference, intracranial volume, and leisure activities...
November 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049313/study-on-association-of-working-hours-and-occupational-physical-activity-with-the-occurrence-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Yao Ma, Ying-Jun Wang, Bing-Rui Chen, Hao-Jie Shi, Hao Wang, Mohammad Reeaze Khurwolah, Ya-Fei Li, Zhi-Yong Xie, Yang Yang, Lian-Sheng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of working hours and occupational physical activity (OPA) with the occurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 595 participants (354 and 241 patients with and without CHD, respectively) aged between 24 and 65 were enrolled in our study, which was conducted at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between December 2015 and October 2016. Participant characteristics were collected from face-to-face questionnaires, and logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the association of working hours and OPA with the occurrence of CHD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017479/psychosocial-benefits-of-workplace-physical-exercise-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: While benefits of workplace physical exercise on physical health is well known, little is known about the psychosocial effects of such initiatives. This study evaluates the effect of workplace versus home-based physical exercise on psychosocial factors among healthcare workers. METHODS: A total of 200 female healthcare workers (Age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1) from 18 departments at three hospitals were cluster-randomized to 10 weeks of: 1) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed alone during leisure time for 10 min 5 days per week or 2) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed in groups during working hours for 10 min 5 days per week and up to 5 group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017016/participation-in-moderate-to-vigorous-leisure-time-physical-activity-is-related-to-decreased-visceral-adipose-tissue-in-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Chelsea A Pelletier, Maryam Omidvar, Masae Miyatani, Lora Giangregorio, B Catharine Craven
Increased visceral adiposity place individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) at increased risk of cardiometabolic disease. The purpose of this study was to identify if people with chronic SCI who participate in any moderate-to-vigorous intensity leisure time physical activity (LTPA) have lower visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area compared to those who report none. Participants included 136 adult men (n = 100) and women (n = 36) with chronic [mean (±SD) 15.6±11.3 years post injury] tetraplegia (n = 66) or paraplegia (n = 70) recruited from a tertiary rehabilitation hospital...
October 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979644/-evaluation-of-burnout-syndrome-among-doctors-in-training-at-the-ibn-rochd-university-hospital-casablanca
#10
Assiya El Kettani, Zineb Serhier, Mohammed Bennani Othmani, Mohamed Agoub, Omar Battas
METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of a sample of 300 physicians using self-administered questionnaire over the period 2013- 2014. Burnout has been operationally defined through a French translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). RESULTS: A total of 191 physicians participated in the study (response rate 63.7%) with a female predominance at 79.1% and an average age of 26.7 years (N = 3). The average scores of sub-dimensions of the MBI: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfilment were (33...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956127/-research-during-residency
#11
REVIEW
V Prokosch-Willing, D Hos, S C Joachim
Physicians in German university hospitals feel themselves confronted with a multiple workload due to patient care, teaching and research. Furthermore, this load is increased by administrative duties and conference trips; however, the framework conditions surrounding this multiple workload of patient care, research and teaching as well as administrative activities are becoming increasingly more difficult. In particular, there is very little free time for scientific activities. Research is therefore often carried out during leisure time...
October 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926165/pre-stroke-physical-activity-is-associated-with-fewer-post-stroke-complications-lower-mortality-and-a-better-long-term-outcome
#12
C-P Wen, C-H Liu, J-S Jeng, S-P Hsu, C-H Chen, L-M Lien, A-C Chen, J-T Lee, P-K Chen, C-S Hsu, C-M Chern, C-C Chen, M-C Hsu, K Lu, H-J Chen, H-K Wang, C-H Muo, C-Y Hsu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with a reduced incidence of first-time stroke. However, few studies have examined the effect of pre-stroke physical activity on post-stroke complications and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A total of 39 835 cases of stroke registered in the nationwide stroke registry system of Taiwan between 2006 and 2009 were analyzed according to five levels of severity as determined by National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score upon hospital admission...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898966/employment-characteristics-of-a-complex-adult-congenital-heart-disease-cohort
#13
L Pickup, T Gaffey, P Clift, S Bowater, S Thorne, L Hudsmith
Background: Due to advances in surgical techniques and subsequent management, there have been remarkable improvements in the survival of patients with congenital heart disease. In particular, larger numbers of patients with complex disease are now living into adulthood and are entering the workforce. Aims: To establish the types of employment complex adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients are engaged in, based on the largest cohort of patients with a single-ventricle circulation in the UK...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794273/trajectories-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-stroke-in-women-in-the-california-teachers-study
#14
Joshua Z Willey, Jenna Voutsinas, Ayesha Sherzai, Huiyan Ma, Leslie Bernstein, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ying K Cheung, Sophia S Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether changes in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) over time are associated with lower risk of stroke is not well established. We examined the association between changes in self-reported LTPA 10 years apart, with risk of incident stroke in the CTS (California Teachers Study). We hypothesized that the risk of stroke would be lowest among those who remained active. METHODS: Sixty-one thousand two hundred and fifty-six CTS participants reported LTPA at 2 intensity levels (moderate and strenuous activity) at 2 time points (baseline 1995-96; 10-year follow-up 2005-2006)...
September 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780911/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-physical-performance-in-later-life-in-different-birth-weight-groups
#15
H Jantunen, N S Wasenius, M K Salonen, M-M Perälä, H Kautiainen, M Simonen, P Pohjolainen, E Kajantie, M B von Bonsdorff, J G Eriksson
There is strong evidence that physical activity (PA) has an influence on physical performance in later life. Also, a small body size at birth has been associated with lower physical functioning in older age and both small and high birth weight have shown to be associated with lower leisure time physical activity. However, it is unknown whether size at birth modulates the association between PA and physical performance in old age. We examined 695 individuals from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study born in Helsinki, Finland between 1934 and 1944...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751663/caregiver-burden-in-schizophrenia-following-paliperidone-palmitate-long-acting-injectables-treatment-pooled-analysis-of-two-double-blind-randomized-phase-three-studies
#16
Srihari Gopal, Haiyan Xu, Kelly McQuarrie, Adam Savitz, Isaac Nuamah, Kimberly Woodruff, Maju Mathews
The pooled analysis of two double-blind, randomized, multicenter, phase-3 studies evaluated predictors of improvement or worsening of schizophrenia-related caregiver burden following paliperidone palmitate long-acting injectables (1-monthly [PP1M] and 3-monthly [PP3M]) treatment. Caregivers were offered to complete the involvement evaluation questionnaire (involvement evaluation questionnaire; 31-item scale). Total, 1498 caregivers (intent-to-treat open-label analysis set, n = 1497; mean [SD] age: 51.5 [13...
July 27, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750940/lifestyle-risk-factors-increase-the-risk-of-hospitalization-for-sciatica-findings-of-four-prospective-cohort-studies
#17
Rahman Shiri, Ulla Euro, Markku Heliövaara, Mirja Hirvensalo, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Jaro Karppinen, Jouni Lahti, Ossi Rahkonen, Olli T Raitakari, Svetlana Solovieva, Yang Xiaolin, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Tea Lallukka
BACKGROUND: To assess the effects of lifestyle risk factors on the risk of hospitalization for sciatica and to determine whether overweight or obesity modifies the effect of leisure-time physical activity on hospitalization for sciatica. METHODS: We included four Finnish prospective cohort studies (Health 2000 Survey, Mobile Clinic Survey, Helsinki Health Study and Young Finns Study) consisting of 34,589 participants and 1259 hospitalizations for sciatica during 12 to 30 years follow-up...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720264/fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#18
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Eufemia Jacob, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Milena Floria-Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
PURPOSE: The study examined the different dimensions of fatigue (general, sleep/rest, cognitive), health related quality of life (HRQL) (physical, emotional, cognitive, social), and the relationships between fatigue and HRQL in hospitalized children and adolescents with cancer in Brazil. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a pediatric oncology inpatient unit in a comprehensive cancer care hospital in southeast Brazil. They completed the PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the PedsQL Inventory of Quality of Life (Generic and Cancer module) once during hospitalization...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668807/sex-and-gender-interactions-in-the-lives-of-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-in-spain-a-quantitative-qualitative-study
#19
Mar Blasco-Blasco, María Teresa Ruiz-Cantero, Lucero Aida Juárez-Herrera Y Cairo, Vega Jovaní, Eliseo Pascual
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the experiences and contextual support perceived by men and women with spondyloarthritis (SpA) in relation to their demanding productive and reproductive roles. METHODS: A quantitative-qualitative study of 96 men and 54 women with SpA was conducted at the Alicante University General Hospital, in a Spanish Mediterranean city, from March 2013 to February 2014. Descriptive and qualitative content analyses compared working lives and family/partner relationships of male and female patients...
October 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657364/documentation-of-person-centred-health-plans-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
Inger Jansson, Andreas Fors, Inger Ekman, Kerstin Ulin
BACKGROUND: Personalised care planning is argued for but there is a need to know more about what the plans actually contain. AIM: To describe the content of person-centred health, plans documented at three healthcare levels for patients with acute coronary syndrome. DESIGN: Patients with acute coronary syndrome aged under 75 years and admitted to two coronary care units at a university hospital were enrolled in the study. This retrospective descriptive study documented 89 person-centred health plans at three healthcare levels: hospital, outpatient and primary care...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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