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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994868/foodborne-outbreak-simulation-to-teach-field-epidemiology-the-moroccan-field-epidemiology-training-program
#1
Imane Jroundi, Abdellatif Belarbi
BACKGROUND: Morocco in 2010 launched a new field epidemiology training program to enhance the skills of health professionals in charge of epidemiological surveillance and to investigate outbreaks; including foodborne diseases that represent a very substantial burden of disease. AIM: To apply an active learning method to teach outbreak investigation within a controled environment for field epidemiology trainees program at the Moroccan National school of public Health...
November 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947925/eating-well-while-dining-out-collaborating-with-local-restaurants-to-promote-heart-healthy-menu-items
#2
Linden M Thayer, Daniela C Pimentel, Janice C Smith, Beverly A Garcia, Laura Lee Sylvester, Tammy Kelly, Larry F Johnston, Alice S Ammerman, Thomas C Keyserling
BACKGROUND: As Americans commonly consume restaurant foods with poor dietary quality, effective interventions are needed to improve food choices at restaurants. PURPOSE: To design and evaluate a restaurant-based intervention to help customers select and restaurants promote heart healthy menu items with healthful fats and high quality carbohydrates. METHODS: The intervention included table tents outlining 10 heart healthy eating tips, coupons promoting healthy menu items, an information brochure, and link to study website...
2017: American Journal of Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876218/deaf-workers-in-restaurant-retail-and-hospitality-sector-employment-harnessing-research-to-promote-advocacy
#3
Hayley Stokar
A quarter century after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990), workplace accommodation is still a struggle for deaf employees and their managers. Many challenges are the result of communication barriers that can be overcome through much needed-though often absent-advocacy and training. The current article highlights the literature on the employment of deaf individuals in the United States service industries of food service, retail, and hospitality conducted from 2000-2016. Exploring dimensions of both hiring and active workplace accommodation, suggestions are made for how social work advocates can harness information and strengthen their approaches for educating managers and supporting workers...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771508/follow-that-fish-uncovering-the-hidden-blue-economy-in-coral-reef-fisheries
#4
Shanna Grafeld, Kirsten L L Oleson, Lida Teneva, John N Kittinger
Despite their importance for human well-being, nearshore fisheries are often data poor, undervalued, and underappreciated in policy and development programs. We assess the value chain for nearshore Hawaiian coral reef fisheries, mapping post-catch distribution and disposition, and quantifying associated monetary, food security, and cultural values. We estimate that the total annual value of the nearshore fishery in Hawai'i is $10.3-$16.4 million, composed of non-commercial ($7.2-$12.9 million) and commercial ($2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527286/-possible-oral-transmission-of-chagas-disease-among-hydrocarbons-sector-workers-in-casanare-colombia-2014
#5
Liliana Patricia Zuleta-Dueñas, Ángela Johana López-Quiroga, Fernando Torres-Torres, Oneida Castañeda-Porras
INTRODUCTION: Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent for Chagas disease, can be transmitted by oral intake of contaminated food or drinks. During epidemiological week 14 of 2014, two cases of acute Chagas disease were notified among hydrocarbons sector workers in Paz de Ariporo, Casanare. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the affected population, to establish control and prevention measures and to confirm the outbreak. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an outbreak investigation that included the following components: a) Search for symptomatic people compatible with Chagas disease according to the case definition for their referral to medical services; b) entomological survey (192/197 houses); c) sanitary inspection and microbiological analysis of food samples; and d) study of reservoirs...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473746/practices-related-to-tobacco-sale-promotion-and-protection-from-tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-restaurants-and-bars-in-kampala-before-implementation-of-the-uganda-tobacco-control-act-2015
#6
Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Daniel Kadobera, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Kellen Namusisi Nyamurungi, Shannon Gravely, Lindsay Robertson, David Guwatudde
BACKGROUND: The Word Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control calls on parties to implement evidenced-based tobacco control policies, which includes Article 8 (protect the public from exposure to tobacco smoke), and Article 13 (tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS)). In 2015, Uganda passed the Tobacco Control Act 2015 which includes a comprehensive ban on smoking in all public places and on all forms of TAPS. Prior to implementation, we sought to assess practices related to protection of the public from tobacco smoke exposure, limiting access to tobacco products and TAPS in restaurants and bars in Kampala City to inform implementation of the new law...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470638/-management-of-massive-intraoperative-blood-loss-using-a-case-study
#7
Andreas Pape, Angelo Ippolito, Joanna Warszawska, Florian Raimann, Kai Zacharowski
Massive intraoperative bleeding is a major and potentially life-threatening complication during surgical procedures. The lethal triade of hemorrhagic shock with metabolic acidosis, hypothermia and coagulopathy enhances bleeding tendency. Avoiding this vitious circle requires a well-structured and standardized procedure. Primary goals include the maintenance of adequate tissue oxygenation, restauration of proper coagulatory function, normothermia and homeostasis of acid-base and electrolyte balance. In the present article, these therapeutic goals and their pathophysiological background are illustrated with a clinical case example...
April 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426639/restaurant-food-allergy-practices-six-selected-sites-united-states-2014
#8
Taylor J Radke, Laura G Brown, Brenda Faw, Nicole Hedeen, Bailey Matis, Priscela Perez, Brendalee Viveiros, Danny Ripley
Food allergies affect an estimated 15 million persons in the United States (1), and are responsible for approximately 30,000 emergency department visits and 150-200 deaths each year (2). Nearly half of reported fatal food allergy reactions over a 13-year period were caused by food from a restaurant or other food service establishment (3). To ascertain the prevalence of food allergy training, training topics, and practices related to food allergies, CDC's Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net), a collaborative forum of federal agencies and state and local health departments with six sites, interviewed personnel at 278 restaurants...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329715/psychological-distress-and-prejudice-following-terror-attacks-in-france
#9
Robin Goodwin, Krzysztof Kaniasty, Shaojing Sun, Menachem Ben-Ezra
Terrorist attacks have the capacity to threaten our beliefs about the world, cause distress across populations and promote discrimination towards particular groups. We examined the impact of two different types of attacks in the same city and same year on psychological distress and probable posttraumatic stress symptoms, and the moderating effects of religion or media use on distress/posttraumatic symptoms and inter-group relations. Two panel surveys four weeks after the January 2015 Charlie Hebdo attack (N = 1981) and the November 2015 Bataclan concert hall/restaurant attacks (N = 1878), measured intrinsic religiosity, social and traditional media use, psychological distress (K6), probable posttraumatic stress symptoms (proposed ICD-11), symbolic racism and willingness to interact with Muslims by non-Muslims...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317507/effects-of-a-hybrid-online-and-in-person-training-program-designed-to-reduce-alcohol-sales-to-obviously-intoxicated-patrons
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Traci L Toomey, Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Keith J Horvath, Alexandra M Ecklund, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Toben F Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Overservice of alcohol (i.e., selling alcohol to intoxicated patrons) continues to be a problem at bars and restaurants, contributing to serious consequences such as traffic crashes and violence. We developed a training program for managers of bars and restaurants, eARM™, focusing on preventing overservice of alcohol. The program included online and face-to-face components to help create and implement establishment-specific policies. METHOD: We conducted a large, randomized controlled trial in bars and restaurants in one metropolitan area in the midwestern United States to evaluate effects of the eARM program on the likelihood of selling alcohol to obviously intoxicated patrons...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229474/residents-engagement-in-everyday-activities-and-its-association-with-thriving-in-nursing-homes
#11
Sabine Björk, Marie Lindkvist, Anders Wimo, Christina Juthberg, Ådel Bergland, David Edvardsson
AIM: To describe the prevalence of everyday activity engagement for older people in nursing homes and the extent to which engagement in everyday activities is associated with thriving. BACKGROUND: Research into residents' engagement in everyday activities in nursing homes has focused primarily on associations with quality of life and prevention and management of neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, the mere absence of symptoms does not necessarily guarantee experiences of well-being...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221948/a-state-by-state-assessment-of-food-service-regulations-for-prevention-of-norovirus-outbreaks
#12
Anita Kambhampati, Kayoko Shioda, L Hannah Gould, Donald Sharp, Laura G Brown, Umesh D Parashar, Aron J Hall
Noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne disease in the United States. Foodborne transmission of norovirus is often associated with contamination of food during preparation by an infected food worker. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Food Code provides model food safety regulations for preventing transmission of foodborne disease in restaurants; however, adoption of specific provisions is at the discretion of state and local governments. We analyzed the food service regulations of all 50 states and the District of Columbia (i...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221943/food-allergy-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-restaurant-managers-and-staff-an-ehs-net-study
#13
Taylor J Radke, Laura G Brown, E Rickamer Hoover, Brenda V Faw, David Reimann, Melissa R Wong, David Nicholas, Jonathan Barkley, Danny Ripley
Dining outside of the home can be difficult for persons with food allergies who must rely on restaurant staff to properly prepare allergen-free meals. The purpose of this study was to understand and identify factors associated with food allergy knowledge and attitudes among restaurant managers, food workers, and servers. This study was conducted by the Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net), a collaborative forum of federal, state, and local environmental health specialists working to understand the environmental factors associated with food safety issues...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221849/restaurant-policies-and-practices-for-serving-raw-fish-in-minnesota
#14
Nicole Hedeen
The number of restaurants serving sushi within Minnesota is continuously increasing. The practices and protocols of serving raw fish are complex and require detailed planning to ensure that food served to patrons will not cause illness. Although the popularity of sushi is increasing, there is a lack of research on food safety issues pertaining to preparation of raw fish and sushi rice. To address this gap, the Minnesota Department of Health Environmental Health Specialists Network Food program collected descriptive data on restaurant practices and policies concerning the service of raw fish and sushi rice in 40 Minnesota restaurants...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936828/defeating-abusive-supervision-training-supervisors-to-support-subordinates
#15
M Gloria Gonzalez-Morales, Mary C Kernan, Thomas E Becker, Robert Eisenberger
Although much is known about the antecedents and consequences of abusive supervision, scant attention has been paid to investigating procedures to reduce its frequency. We conducted a quasiexperiment to examine the effects of supervisor support training on subordinate perceptions of abusive supervision and supervisor support. Supervisors (n = 23) in 4 restaurants were trained in 4 supportive supervision strategies (benevolence, sincerity, fairness, and experiential processing) during 4 2-hr sessions over a period of 2 months...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824638/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#16
Jennifer Lucarelli, Demetra Pappas, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
Kendra is a 4-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who presents for follow-up of feeding problems to her pediatric clinician. She is an only child in a family where both parents are scientists. Feeding concerns date to infancy, when she was diagnosed with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) associated with persistent bottle refusal and the acceptance of few pureed foods. At 13 months, milk and peanut allergies were diagnosed. Following a feeding clinic evaluation at 24 months, she was prescribed a soy milk supplement and an H2 blocker...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765119/-a-survey-of-deployment-of-sidewalks-in-central-urban-areas-of-12-cities-china
#17
Y Y Tan, B J Liang, C Q Wu, J Lyu, L M Li
Objective: To explore the deployment of sidewalks and the possible relationship with local GDP, population density and prosperity of streets in 12 cities selected in China. Methods: For all the streets in 333 blocks of 12 cities surveyed (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Qingdao, Hangzhou, Shaoxing, Suzhou, Nantong, Zhenjiang, Chengdu, Xining and Harbin), the deployment and management of sidewalks were observed. And we collected the GDP data of the 12 cities, the population data of 333 blocks, and the numbers of stores and restaurants along the streets...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748169/aspergillus-and-aflatoxin-in-groundnut-arachis-hypogaea-l-and-groundnut-cake-in-eastern-ethiopia
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Abdi Mohammed, Alemayehu Chala, Mashilla Dejene, Chemeda Fininsa, David A Hoisington, Victor S Sobolev, Renee S Arias
This study was conducted to assess major Aspergillus species and aflatoxins associated with groundnut seeds and cake in Eastern Ethiopia and evaluate growers' management practices. A total of 160 groundnut seed samples from farmers' stores and 50 groundnut cake samples from cafe and restaurants were collected. Fungal isolation was done from groundnut seed samples. Aspergillus flavus was the dominant species followed by Aspergillus parasiticus. Aflatoxin analyses of groundnut seed samples were performed using ultra performance liquid chromatography; 22...
December 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728961/genome-sequence-of-bacillus-cereus-forc_021-a-food-borne-pathogen-isolated-from-a-knife-at-a-sashimi-restaurant
#19
Han Young Chung, Kyu-Ho Lee, Sangryeol Ryu, Hyunjin Yoon, Ju-Hoon Lee, Hyeun Bum Kim, Heebal Kim, Hee Gon Jeong, Sang Ho Choi, Bong-Soo Kim
Bacillus cereus causes food-borne illness through contaminated foods; therefore, its pathogenicity and genome sequences have been analyzed in several studies. We sequenced and analyzed B. cereus strain FORC_021 isolated from a sashimi restaurant. The genome sequence consists of 5,373,294 bp with 35.36% GC contents, 5,350 predicted CDSs, 42 rRNA genes, and 107 tRNA genes. Based on in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values, B. cereus ATCC 14579(T) was closest to FORC_021 among the complete genome-sequenced strains...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683518/adherence-to-the-tobacco-control-act-2007-presence-of-a-workplace-policy-on-tobacco-use-in-bars-and-restaurants-in-nairobi-kenya
#20
K J Karimi, R Ayah, T Olewe
INTRODUCTION: Despite extensive knowledge about effective tobacco control interventions, the prevalence of tobacco use in many middle- and low-income countries continues to rise. In these countries, public appreciation of levels of protection provided by laws and regulations on tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke is limited. After ratification of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Kenya enacted the Tobacco Control Act, 2007, banning smoking in public places except in designated smoking areas...
2016: BMJ Open
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