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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824638/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#1
Jennifer Lucarelli, Demetra Pappas, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
Kendra is a 4-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who presents for follow-up of feeding problems to her pediatric clinician. She is an only child in a family where both parents are scientists. Feeding concerns date to infancy, when she was diagnosed with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) associated with persistent bottle refusal and the acceptance of few pureed foods. At 13 months, milk and peanut allergies were diagnosed. Following a feeding clinic evaluation at 24 months, she was prescribed a soy milk supplement and an H2 blocker...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765119/-a-survey-of-deployment-of-sidewalks-in-central-urban-areas-of-12-cities-china
#2
Y Y Tan, B J Liang, C Q Wu, J Lyu, L M Li
Objective: To explore the deployment of sidewalks and the possible relationship with local GDP, population density and prosperity of streets in 12 cities selected in China. Methods: For all the streets in 333 blocks of 12 cities surveyed (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Qingdao, Hangzhou, Shaoxing, Suzhou, Nantong, Zhenjiang, Chengdu, Xining and Harbin), the deployment and management of sidewalks were observed. And we collected the GDP data of the 12 cities, the population data of 333 blocks, and the numbers of stores and restaurants along the streets...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748169/aspergillus-and-aflatoxin-in-groundnut-arachis-hypogaea-l-and-groundnut-cake-in-eastern-ethiopia
#3
Abdi Mohammed, Alemayehu Chala, Mashilla Dejene, Chemeda Fininsa, David A Hoisington, Victor S Sobolev, Renee S Arias
This study was conducted to assess major Aspergillus species and aflatoxins associated with groundnut seeds and cake in Eastern Ethiopia and evaluate growers' management practices. A total of 160 groundnut seed samples from farmers' stores and 50 groundnut cake samples from cafe and restaurants were collected. Fungal isolation was done from groundnut seed samples. Aspergillus flavus was the dominant species followed by Aspergillus parasiticus. Aflatoxin analyses of groundnut seed samples were performed using ultra performance liquid chromatography; 22...
December 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728961/genome-sequence-of-bacillus-cereus-forc_021-1-a-food-borne-pathogen-isolated-from-a-knife-at-a-sashimi-restaurant
#4
Han Young Chung, Kyu-Ho Lee, Sangryeol Ryu, Hyunjin Yoon, Ju-Hoon Lee, Hyeun Bum Kim, Heebal Kim, Hee Gon Jeong, Sang Ho Choi, Bong-Soo Kim
Bacillus cereus causes food-borne illness through contaminated foods; therefore, its pathogenicity and genome sequences have been analyzed in several studies. We sequenced and analyzed the B. cereus strain FORC_021 isolated from a sashimi restaurant. The genome sequence consists of 5,373,294 bp with 35.36% GC contents, 5,350 predicted CDSs, 42 rRNA genes, and 107 tRNA genes. Based on in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values, B. cereus ATCC 14579(T) was closest to FORC_021 among the complete genome-sequenced strains...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683518/adherence-to-the-tobacco-control-act-2007-presence-of-a-workplace-policy-on-tobacco-use-in-bars-and-restaurants-in-nairobi-kenya
#5
K J Karimi, R Ayah, T Olewe
INTRODUCTION: Despite extensive knowledge about effective tobacco control interventions, the prevalence of tobacco use in many middle- and low-income countries continues to rise. In these countries, public appreciation of levels of protection provided by laws and regulations on tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke is limited. After ratification of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Kenya enacted the Tobacco Control Act, 2007, banning smoking in public places except in designated smoking areas...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681737/children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-during-ramadan-in-jakarta-indonesia
#6
Nurul Nadia H W Luntungan, M Justin Byron, Melbourne F Hovell, Laura J Rosen, Annisa Anggraeni, Vaughan W Rees
Secondhand smoke exposure (SHS) causes a disproportionate health burden for children, yet existing smoke-free laws are often poorly enforced. We monitored air quality while observing children and adult nonsmokers present in public venues during Ramadan, a period of Muslim religious observance marked by family and social gatherings, in Jakarta, Indonesia. A repeated-measures design was used to assess indoor air quality during and after Ramadan in 43 restaurants and in five smoke-free control venues. Fine particulate matter of 2...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676857/infectious-risk-and-crossing-transmission-which-guidelines
#7
Brigitte Barrois, Olivier Remy Neris, Pierre-Alain Joseph, Marc Genty, Michel Enjalbert, Olivier Jonquet, Thierry Lavigne, Claude Jeandel, Catherine Chapuis, Bruno Grandbastien, Elise Seringe, Benoit Nicolas, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Laurent Thefenne, Nacera Bradai, Philippe Saliou, Julia Facione-Roger, Hugues Aumaitre, Fabrice Mairot
Infectious risk and crossing transmission: which guidelines? Crossing transmission risk is important in SSR wards, although patients have few invasive acts but are moving. A piloting group chose 6 questions. Two experts analyzed each question, bibliographic analysis to look for formal guidelines, convincing elements and persistent questions. Those results were discussed during an expert conference to develop best practices guidelines for rehabilitation organization in SSR ward: - for SSR patients, can we define clinical and microbiological characteristics enable to improve crossing transmission risk? disease? Microbiological location?; - for patients with BMR or BHR bacteria, how can we use, organize and manage technical tools (architecture, tools, group work, swimming pools, cleaning) to reduce crossing transmission risk?; - for patients with BMR or BHR bacteria, how can we organize patients transfers out of room? To technical tools? To common places (restaurant, lounge), to home return (permission included) or to reduce crossing transmission risk?; - for patients with BMR or BHR bacteria (contact or bearer), how can SSR professional organize to reduce crossing transmission risk? Coordination between professionals, care planning, choice and use of tools and techniques…; - to reduce crossing transmission risk, what are located units, clinical and biological screening units, follow up BMR and BHR?; - for patients with BMR or BHR bacteria (contact or bearer), how information transmission can improve before, during and after SSR stay? Short guidelines will be held during next conference and long guidelines will be totally written...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633201/work-activity-in-food-service-the-significance-of-customer-relations-tipping-practices-and-gender-for-preventing-musculoskeletal-disorders
#8
Ève Laperrière, Karen Messing, Renée Bourbonnais
Some evidence shows that food servers are exposed to an elevated risk of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries, and that their work activity varies by gender. Interviews of servers and observations of food service in Québec, Canada, were carried out in three restaurants and a questionnaire was administered to 64 workers from 44 other restaurants. The relationship with the customer has specific effects on work activity and transforms the physical, emotional and cognitive work. Strategies intended to speed service or otherwise related to the customer relationship can involve health risks...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608473/food-allergy-practical-approach-on-education-and-accidental-exposure-prevention
#9
REVIEW
I Pádua, A Moreira, P Moreira, R Barros
Food allergies are a growing problem and currently the primary treatment of food allergy is avoidance of culprit foods. However, given the lack of information and education and also the ubiquitous nature of allergens, accidental exposures to food allergens are not uncommon. The fear of potential fatal reactions and the need of a proper avoidance leads in most of the cases to the limitation of leisure and social activities. This review aims to be a practical approach on education and accidental exposure prevention regarding activities like shopping, eating out, and travelling...
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513998/using-photovoice-and-asset-mapping-to-inform-a-community-based-diabetes-intervention-boston-massachusetts-2015
#10
Jana Florian, Nicole M St Omer Roy, Lisa M Quintiliani, Ve Truong, Yi Feng, Philippe P Bloch, Zlatka L Russinova, Karen E Lasser
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes self-management takes place within a complex social and environmental context.  This study's objective was to examine the perceived and actual presence of community assets that may aid in diabetes control. METHODS: We conducted one 6-hour photovoice session with 11 adults with poorly controlled diabetes in Boston, Massachusetts.  Participants were recruited from census tracts with high numbers of people with poorly controlled diabetes (diabetes "hot spots")...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465746/designing-a-healthy-food-partnership-lessons-from-the-australian-food-and-health-dialogue
#11
Alexandra Jones, Roger Magnusson, Boyd Swinburn, Jacqui Webster, Amanda Wood, Gary Sacks, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND: Poor diets are a leading cause of disease burden worldwide. In Australia, the Federal Government established the Food and Health Dialogue (the Dialogue) in 2009 to address this issue, primarily through food reformulation. We evaluated the Dialogue's performance over its 6 years of operation and used these findings to develop recommendations for the success of the new Healthy Food Partnership. METHODS: We used information from the Dialogue website, media releases, communiqués, e-newsletters, materials released under freedom-of-information, and Parliamentary Hansard to evaluate the Dialogue's achievements from October 2013 to November 2015, using the RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation and maintenance) framework...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402950/awareness-of-occupational-skin-disease-in-the-service-sector
#12
D L Holness, I Kudla, J Brown, S Miller
BACKGROUND: Occupational skin disease (OSD) is a common occupational disease. Although primary prevention strategies are known, OSDs remain prevalent in a variety of work environments including the service sector (restaurant/food services, retail/wholesale, tourism/hospitality and vehicle sales and service). AIMS: To obtain information about awareness and prevention of OSD in the service sector. METHODS: Focus groups and a survey were conducted with two groups...
July 11, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387287/systematic-evaluation-of-industrial-commercial-and-institutional-food-waste-management-strategies-in-the-united-states
#13
Keith L Hodge, James W Levis, Joseph F DeCarolis, Morton A Barlaz
New regulations and targets limiting the disposal of food waste have been recently enacted in numerous jurisdictions. This analysis evaluated selected environmental implications of food waste management policies using life-cycle assessment. Scenarios were developed to evaluate management alternatives applicable to the waste discarded at facilities where food waste is a large component of the waste (e.g., restaurants, grocery stores, and food processors). Options considered include anaerobic digestion (AD), aerobic composting, waste-to-energy combustion (WTE), and landfilling, and multiple performance levels were considered for each option...
August 16, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373724/elements-affecting-food-waste-in-the-food-service-sector
#14
Lotta Heikkilä, Anu Reinikainen, Juha-Matti Katajajuuri, Kirsi Silvennoinen, Hanna Hartikainen
Avoidable food waste is produced in the food service sector, with significant ecological and economical impacts. In order to understand and explain better the complex issue of food waste a qualitative study was conducted on the reasons for its generation in restaurants and catering businesses. Research data were collected during three participatory workshops for personnel from three different catering sector companies in Finland. Based on synthesized qualitative content analysis, eight elements influencing production and reduction of food waste were identified...
October 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348979/characteristics-of-the-built-environment-and-the-presence-of-the-norway-rat-in-new-york-city-results-from-a-neighborhood-rat-surveillance-program-2008-2010
#15
Sarah Johnson, Caroline Bragdon, Carolyn Olson, Mario Merlino, Sancia Bonaparte
Characteristics of an urban setting such as New York City (NYC), including readily available putrescible waste and ample underground infrastructure, make it highly attractive to the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus). To identify property and neighborhood characteristics associated with rat presence, recent inspectional results were analyzed from over 77,000 properties in the Bronx and Manhattan. Variables capturing the location and density of factors believed to promote rat populations were tested individually and in combination in models predicting rat activity...
June 2016: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323207/precautionary-allergen-labelling-no-more-traces
#16
LETTER
P J Turner, M H Gowland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249884/hard-internet-truths-34-748-online-reviews-reveal-what-patients-really-want-from-doctors
#17
Ron Harman King, Jonathan Stanley, Neil Baum
For all of us living in the Internet age, it's hard to underestimate the power of online reviews. Before booking a reservation at a new hotel or restaurant, who doesn't consult websites such as TripAdvisor and Open Table? Who would gamble $100 on a dinner out or $200 on a hotel stay before first seeing what other diners and patrons had to say about their experiences? Patients who are looking for a healthcare provider are no different than those customers looking for a restaurant or a hotel; they want opinions from others who have previously availed themselves of that restaurant or hotel...
March 2016: Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233285/understanding-post-prandial-hyperglycemia-in-patients-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-a-web-based-survey-in-germany-the-uk-and-usa
#18
Meryl Brod, Annie Nikolajsen, James Weatherall, Kathryn M Pfeiffer
INTRODUCTION: To explore how patients with diabetes experience post-prandial hyperglycemia (PPH) or elevated blood glucose (BG) following a meal. METHODS: A web-based survey of patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes using bolus insulin in Germany, the USA, and the UK was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 906 respondents completed the survey. PPH was a frequent occurrence among patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes; 61.9% of respondents had experienced PPH in the past week, and differences by diabetes type were not significant...
June 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169011/management-of-sodium-reduced-meals-at-worksite-cafeterias-perceptions-practices-barriers-and-needs-among-food-service-personnel
#19
Jounghee Lee, Sohyun Park
OBJECTIVES: The sodium content of meals provided at worksite cafeterias is greater than the sodium content of restaurant meals and home meals. The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between sodium-reduction practices, barriers, and perceptions among food service personnel. METHODS: We implemented a cross-sectional study by collecting data on perceptions, practices, barriers, and needs regarding sodium-reduced meals at 17 worksite cafeterias in South Korea...
April 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078835/physical-health-problems-and-environmental-challenges-influence-balancing-behaviour-in-laying-hens
#20
Stephanie LeBlanc, Bret Tobalske, Margaret Quinton, Dwight Springthorpe, Bill Szkotnicki, Hanno Wuerbel, Alexandra Harlander-Matauschek
With rising public concern for animal welfare, many major food chains and restaurants are changing their policies, strictly buying their eggs from non-cage producers. However, with the additional space in these cage-free systems to perform natural behaviours and movements comes the risk of injury. We evaluated the ability to maintain balance in adult laying hens with health problems (footpad dermatitis, keel damage, poor wing feather cover; n = 15) using a series of environmental challenges and compared such abilities with those of healthy birds (n = 5)...
2016: PloS One
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