keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospitality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927009/efficacy-and-safety-of-guardcel-nasal-packing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-prospective-single-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Byungjin Kang, Jeong-Rok Kim, Jae-Min Shin, Il-Ho Park, Heung-Man Lee
Objectives: Nasal packing after endoscopic sinus surgery is frequently used to control postoperative bleeding, enhance the wound healing process, and prevent lateralization of the middle turbinate, which causes insufficient ventilation. Many biodegradable materials have been developed to reduce pain and mucosal damage during packing removal. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Guardcel (Genewel Co.) middle meatal packing with a traditional nonabsorbable middle meatal packing, Merocel (Medtronic Xomed), on wound healing and patient satisfaction...
November 17, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926979/erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-significantly-delay-the-onset-of-a-regular-transfusion-need-in-nontransfused-patients-with-lower-risk-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#2
H K G Garelius, W T Johnston, A G Smith, S Park, L de Swart, P Fenaux, A Symeonidis, G Sanz, J Čermák, R Stauder, L Malcovati, M Mittelman, A A van de Loosdrecht, C J van Marrewijk, D Bowen, S Crouch, T J M de Witte, E Hellström-Lindberg
BACKGROUND: The EUMDS registry is an unique prospective, longitudinal observational registry enrolling newly diagnosed patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) from 17 European countries from both university hospitals and smaller regional hospitals. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the usage and clinical impact of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in 1696 patients enrolled between 2008 and 2014. METHODS: The effects of ESAs on outcomes were assessed using proportional hazards models weighting observations by propensity to receive ESA treatment within a subset of anaemic patients with or without a regular transfusion need...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926917/implementation-of-syndromic-surveillance-systems-in-two-rural-villages-in-senegal
#3
Cédric Abat, Philippe Colson, Hervé Chaudet, Jean-Marc Rolain, Hubert Bassene, Aldiouma Diallo, Oleg Mediannikov, Florence Fenollar, Didier Raoult, Cheikh Sokhna
Infectious diseases still represent a major challenge for humanity. In this context, their surveillance is critical. From 2010 to 2016, two Point-Of-Care (POC) laboratories have been successfully implemented in the rural Saloum region of Senegal. In parallel, a homemade syndromic surveillance system called EPIMIC was implemented to monitor infectious diseases using data produced by the POC laboratory of the Timone hospital in Marseille, France. The aim of this study is to describe the steps necessary for implementing EPIMIC using data routinely produced by two POC laboratories (POC-L) established in rural Senegal villages...
December 7, 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926909/dexamethasone-implant-in-chronic-diabetic-macular-edema-resistant-to-intravitreal-ranibizumab-treatment
#4
Ozlem Eski Yucel, Ertugrul Can, Hilal Eser Ozturk, Hakki Birinci, Yuksel Sullu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a single intravitreal dexamethasone implant (IDI) over 6 months in eyes with chronic diabetic macular edema (DME) that were resistant to intravitreal ranibizumab (IR) treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Ondokuz Mayis University Hospital, Samsun, Turkey. Efficacy outcomes were considered as the change from baseline in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness (CMT)...
December 8, 2016: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926814/the-economic-impact-of-insulin-related-hypoglycemia-in-denmark-an-analysis-using-the-local-impact-of-hypoglycemia-tool
#5
Nicki Hoskins, Christian Klyver Tikkanen, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard
AIMS: To estimate the direct cost of hypoglycemia in insulin-treated adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Denmark. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Local Impact of Hypoglycemia Tool (LIHT) was used to estimate the costs associated with insulin-related hypoglycemia. Average utilization of healthcare resources, including the costs of pre-hospitalization, hospital admission, healthcare professional contact and follow-up, glucose/glucagon, and extra SMBG tests to monitor blood glucose following an episode, was used to calculate an average cost per severe and per non-severe hypoglycemic episode...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926797/cesarean-outcomes-in-us-birth-centers-and-collaborating-hospitals-a-cohort-comparison
#6
Patrick Thornton, Barbara L McFarlin, Chang Park, Kristin Rankin, Mavis Schorn, Susan Stapleton
INTRODUCTION: High rates of cesarean birth are a significant health care quality issue, and birth centers have shown potential to reduce rates of cesarean birth. Measuring this potential is complicated by lack of randomized trials and limited observational comparisons. Cesarean rates vary by provider type, setting, and clinical and nonclinical characteristics of women, but our understanding of these dynamics is incomplete. METHODS: We sought to isolate labor setting from other risk factors in order to assess the effect of birth centers on the odds of cesarean birth...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926787/comparison-of-the-effects-of-a-balanced-crystalloid-based-and-a-saline-based-tetrastarch-solution-on-canine-whole-blood-coagulation-and-platelet-function
#7
Annina Reuteler, Shannon Axiak-Flammer, Judith Howard, Katja-Nicole Adamik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.42) solution in either a buffered, electrolyte-balanced (HES-BAL), or a saline (HES-SAL) carrier solution on canine platelet function and whole blood coagulation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-seven client-owned dogs undergoing general anesthesia for arthroscopy or imaging studies. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs received a 15 mL/kg intravenous bolus of HES-SAL (n = 13), HES-BAL (n = 14), or a modified Ringer's solution (n = 10) over 30-40 minutes...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926786/nut-midline-carcinoma-of-the-larynx-an-international-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Henrik Hellquist, Christopher A French, Justin A Bishop, Andrés Coca-Pelaz, Evan J Propst, António Paiva Correia, Bo-Yee Ngan, Ronald Grant, Nicole A Cipriani, David Vokes, Rui Henrique, Fernando Pardal, Jose Ramon Vizcaino, Alessandra Rinaldo, Alfio Ferlito
AIMS: NUT midline carcinoma (NMC) is a rare undifferentiated and aggressive carcinoma that characteristically locates to the midline of the head and neck, and mediastinum. NMC is characterised by chromosomal rearrangements of the gene encoding nuclear protein in testis, NUT, at 15q14. The BRD4 gene on 19q13 is the most common translocation partner forming a fusion oncogene, BRD4-NUT. By the end of 2014, the International NUT Midline Carcinoma Registry had 48 patients treated for NMC. Laryngeal NMC are exceedingly rare and we report a case series of seven cases...
December 7, 2016: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926784/preoperative-characteristics-and-cytological-features-of-136-histologically-confirmed-pancreatic-mucinous-cystic-neoplasms
#9
Aristana Scourtas, Jonathan C Dudley, William R Brugge, Abdurrahman Kadayifci, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Martha B Pitman
BACKGROUND: Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) of the pancreas present a management conundrum. The majority are benign but all are resected due to their malignant potential. Recent studies have recommended nonsurgical management. In the current study, the authors analyzed the preoperative imaging, cytology, and cyst fluid characteristics of 136 histologically confirmed MCNs to assess predictors of a high-risk (HR) cyst for surgical triage. METHODS: MCNs resected at the Massachusetts General Hospital between 1990 and 2014 formed the study cohort...
December 7, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926777/a-prospective-multicenter-cohort-study-to-validate-a-simple-performance-status-based-survival-prediction-system-for-oncologists
#10
Takeshi Yamada, Tatsuya Morita, Isseki Maeda, Satoshi Inoue, Masayuki Ikenaga, Yoshihisa Matsumoto, Mika Baba, Ryuichi Sekine, Takashi Yamaguchi, Takeshi Hirohashi, Tsukasa Tajima, Ryohei Tatara, Hiroaki Watanabe, Hiroyuki Otani, Chizuko Takigawa, Yoshinobu Matsuda, Shigeki Ono, Taketoshi Ozawa, Ryo Yamamoto, Hideki Shishido, Naoki Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Survival prediction systems such as the Palliative Prognostic Index (PPI), which includes the Palliative Performance Scale (PPS), are used to estimate survival for terminally ill patients. Oncologists are, however, less familiar with the PPS in comparison with the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS). This study was designed to validate a simple survival prediction system for oncologists, the Performance Status-Based Palliative Prognostic Index (PS-PPI), which is a modified form of the PPI based on the ECOG PS...
December 7, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926773/associations-of-specific-postoperative-complications-with-outcomes-after-elective-colon-resection-a-procedure-targeted-approach-toward-surgical-quality-improvement
#11
John E Scarborough, Jessica Schumacher, K Craig Kent, Charles P Heise, Caprice C Greenberg
Importance: Numerous quality initiatives have been implemented in an effort to minimize the onus of postoperative complications on clinical and economic outcomes after major surgery. It is unknown which complications have the greatest overall effect on these outcomes. Objective: To quantify the associations of specific postoperative complications with outcomes after elective colon resection. Design, Setting, and Participants: Patients undergoing elective colon resection between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013, who were included in the Colectomy-Targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program were assessed for the development of specific types of postoperative complications...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926762/association-of-arterial-and-lymph-node-inflammation-with-distinct-inflammatory-pathways-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#12
Ahmed Tawakol, Amorina Ishai, Danny Li, Richard A P Takx, Sophia Hur, Yannick Kaiser, Miguel Pampaloni, Adam Rupert, Denise Hsu, Irini Sereti, Rémi Fromentin, Nicolas Chomont, Peter Ganz, Steven G Deeks, Priscilla Y Hsue
Importance: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease and increased arterial inflammation. In HIV, inflammation is also increased within lymph nodes (LNs), tissues known to harbor the virus even among treated and suppressed individuals. Objective: To test the hypothesis that arterial inflammation is linked to HIV disease activity and to inflammation within HIV-infected tissues (LNs). Design, Setting, and Participants: For this case-control study, participants were recruited from the SCOPE (Observational Study of the Consequences of the Protease Inhibitor Era) cohort, a clinic-based cohort of individuals receiving care at San Francisco General Hospital and the San Francisco Veteran's Affairs Medical Center...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926759/mortality-and-prehospital-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-major-traumatic-brain-injury-implications-for-the-hypotension-threshold
#13
Daniel W Spaite, Chengcheng Hu, Bentley J Bobrow, Vatsal Chikani, Duane Sherrill, Bruce Barnhart, Joshua B Gaither, Kurt R Denninghoff, Chad Viscusi, Terry Mullins, P David Adelson
Importance: Current prehospital traumatic brain injury guidelines use a systolic blood pressure threshold of less than 90 mm Hg for treating hypotension for individuals 10 years and older based on studies showing higher mortality when blood pressure drops below this level. However, the guidelines also acknowledge the weakness of the supporting evidence. Objective: To evaluate whether any statistically supportable threshold between systolic pressure and mortality emerges from the data a priori, without assuming that a cut point exists...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926694/involvement-of-activated-cdc42-kinase1-in-colitis-and-colorectal-neoplasms
#14
Chaolan Lv, Hongxiang Gu, Xinmei Zhao, Liyun Huang, Sanxi Zhou, Fachao Zhi
BACKGROUND Activated Cdc42 kinase1 (ACK1) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase which is critical for cell survival, proliferation, and migration. Genomic amplification of ACK1 has been reported in multiple human cancers. We aimed to investigate ACK1 protein expression in colorectal mucosa with inflammation and neoplasm, and to evaluate its correlation with disease activity and severity. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 250 individuals who underwent total colonoscopy were collected randomly from January 2007 to May 2013 in Nanfang Hospital, Guangzhou, China...
December 7, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926686/orthopaedic-trauma-care-capacity-assessment-and-strategic-planning-in-ghana-mapping-a-way-forward
#15
Barclay T Stewart, Adam Gyedu, Gavin Tansley, Dominic Yeboah, Forster Amponsah-Manu, Charles Mock, Wilfred Labi-Addo, Robert Quansah
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic conditions incur more than 52 million disability-adjusted life years annually worldwide. This burden disproportionately affects low and middle-income countries, which are least equipped to provide orthopaedic care. We aimed to assess orthopaedic capacity in Ghana, describe spatial access to orthopaedic care, and identify hospitals that would most improve access to care if their capacity was improved. METHODS: Seventeen perioperative and orthopaedic trauma care-related items were selected from the World Health Organization's Guidelines for Essential Trauma Care...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926677/transfemoral-amputation-after-failure-of-knee-arthroplasty-a-nationwide-register-based-study
#16
Tinne B Gottfriedsen, Henrik M Schrøder, Anders Odgaard
BACKGROUND: Transfemoral amputation is considered the last treatment option for failed knee arthroplasty. The extent to which this procedure is performed is not well known. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and causes of amputation following failure of knee arthroplasty in a nationwide population. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Danish Civil Registration System, the Danish National Patient Register, and the Danish Knee Arthroplasty Register...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926675/improvement-in-total-joint-replacement-quality-metrics-year-one-versus-year-three-of-the-bundled-payments-for-care-improvement-initiative
#17
John M Dundon, Joseph Bosco, James Slover, Stephen Yu, Yousuf Sayeed, Richard Iorio
BACKGROUND: In January 2013, a large, tertiary, urban academic medical center began participation in the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative for total joint arthroplasty, a program implemented by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) in 2011. Medicare Severity-Diagnosis Related Groups (MS-DRGs) 469 and 470 were included. We participated in BPCI Model 2, by which an episode of care includes the inpatient and all post-acute care costs through 90 days following discharge...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926671/of-20-376-lumbar-discectomies-2-6-of-patients-readmitted-within-30-days-surgical-site-infection-pain-and-thromboembolic-events-are-the-most-common-reasons-for-readmission
#18
Matthew L Webb, Stephen J Nelson, Ameya Save, Jonathan Cui, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Andre M Samuel, Pablo J Diaz-Collado, Daniel D Bohl, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Ryan P McLynn, Jonathan N Grauer
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: As an initial effort to address readmissions after lumbar discectomy, reasons for hospital readmission are identified and discussed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar discectomy is a commonly performed procedure. The Affordable Care Act codifies penalties for hospital readmissions. New quality-based reimbursements tied to readmissions call for a better understanding of the causes of readmission after procedures such as lumbar discectomy...
December 6, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926670/clinical-and-radiographical-differences-between-thoracic-idiopathic-spinal-cord-herniation-and-spinal-arachnoid-cyst
#19
Hiroaki Nakashima, Shiro Imagama, Hideki Yagi, Fumihiko Kato, Tokumi Kanemura, Koji Sato, Noriaki Kawakami, Mitsuhiro Kamiya, Hisatake Yoshihara, Kenyu Ito, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter case-controlled study OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiographical differences between thoracic idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) and spinal arachnoid cyst (SAC). SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: ISCH and SAC are relatively rare diseases. Preoperative misdiagnose was frequently reported in both, however these clinical and radiographical differences remain unclear. METHODS: Out of 30,469 patients who underwent spinal surgery, 18 (0...
December 6, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926665/clinicopathological-analysis-and-risk-factors-of-advanced-colorectal-neoplasms-incidentally-detected-by-18f-fdg-pet-ct
#20
Seung Min Chung, Kyeong Ok Kim, Ihn Ho Cho, Tae Nyeun Kim
BACKGROUND: As the clinical use of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose PET-computed tomography (F-FDG PET-CT) has increased, the incidental finding of F-FDG uptake with subsequent diagnosis of advanced neoplasm at colorectum has increased. The aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics and risk factors of advanced colorectal neoplasm incidentally detected by F-FDG PET-CT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent colonoscopy because of an incidental finding of F-FDG uptake at the colorectum from January 2006 to January 2015 at Yeungnam University Hospital were reviewed retrospectively...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
keyword
keyword
26444
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"