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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097434/work-related-infections-in-dentistry-risk-perception-and-preventive-measures
#1
Tatjana Ramich, Peter Eickholz, Sabine Wicker
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of (1) the risk perception of work-related infections in dentistry, (2) the vaccination status, (3) knowledge of the blood-borne pathogens and HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) as well as (4) use of personal protective equipment (PPE) (gloves, goggles, mask) among the staff and students of the Center of Dentistry and Oral Medicine (ZZMK [Carolinum]) of the Goethe University Frankfurt/Main. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All staff (dentists, dental assistants) and students of the ZZMK with direct contact to patients were asked to anonymously complete a questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094563/dental-arch-relationships-and-reverse-headgear-effects-in-southern-chinese-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-retrospective-study
#2
Yang Rafidah Hassan, Kwan Lok Tse, Balvinder Singh Khambay, Wing Kit Wong, Min Gu, Yanqi Yang
OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the severity of the dental arch relationships and the treatment outcomes of reverse headgear (RHG) in southern Chinese patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN:   A retrospective study. SETTING:   Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong. PATIENTS:   Thirty-eight UCLP patients with complete records. Among them, 14 were later treated with RHG (RHG group) and 24 were under review (non-RHG group) before definitive orthodontic or in conjunction with orthognathic surgery...
January 17, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093024/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-treald-30
#3
Kadriye Peker, Taha Emre Köse, Beliz Güray, Ömer Uysal, Tamer Lütfi Erdem
OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Turkish version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (TREALD-30) for Turkish-speaking adult dental patients and to evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, TREALD-30 was tested in a sample of 127 adult patients who attended a dental school clinic in Istanbul. Data were collected through clinical examinations and self-completed questionnaires, including TREALD-30, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), two health literacy screening questions, and socio-behavioral characteristics...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092220/using-teledentistry-in-clinical-practice-an-enabler-to-improve-access-to-oral-health-care-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#4
Michelle Irving, Rosemary Stewart, Heiko Spallek, Anthony Blinkhorn
Background Access to dental care is important for overall health, but can remain problematic for those in rural or isolated locations. It can be difficult to encourage clinicians to choose or continue a rural health career. Teledentistry is showing some promise as a strategy to support rural, isolated and new health care workers. This study aims to explore the quantitative and qualitative framework associated with teledentistry in an effort to uncover the interaction of multiple influences on its delivery and sustainability...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092164/comparing-modified-huddart-bodenham-scoring-system-and-goslon-yardstick-to-assess-dental-arch-relationships-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#5
Muhaini Yakob, H Yang Rafidah, M Gu, Y Yang
OBJECTIVE:   To test the reliability of the modified Huddart-Bodenham (MHB) numerical scoring system and its agreement with the GOSLON Yardstick categorization for assessing the dental arch relationships in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) cases. DESIGN:   A retrospective study. SETTING:   Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong. PATIENTS:   Forty-one nonsyndromic UCLP consecutive patients attending the Joint Cleft Lip/Palate Clinic at Faculty of Dentistry in the University of Hong Kong were selected...
January 16, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092100/comparing-human-resource-planning-models-in-dentistry-a-case-study-using-canadian-armed-forces-dental-clinics
#6
Jodi L Shaw, Julie W Farmer, Peter C Coyte, Herenia P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: To compare two methods of allocating general dentists to Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) dental detachments: a dentist-to-population ratio model and a needs-based model. METHODS: Data obtained from CAF sources were analysed to compare models. Times assigned to treatment plan procedures were used as a proxy for treatment needs. Full-time equivalents (FTEs) were used as an indicator for the number of dentists allocated to each detachment. FTE values were adjusted for military dentists to account for time spent on compulsory nonclinical duties...
January 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#7
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079165/oriented-and-ordered-biomimetic-remineralization-of-the-surface-of-demineralized-dental-enamel-using-hap-acp-nanoparticles-guided-by-glycine
#8
Haorong Wang, Zuohui Xiao, Jie Yang, Danyang Lu, Anil Kishen, Yanqiu Li, Zhen Chen, Kehua Que, Qian Zhang, Xuliang Deng, Xiaoping Yang, Qing Cai, Ning Chen, Changhong Cong, Binbin Guan, Ting Li, Xu Zhang
Achieving oriented and ordered remineralization on the surface of demineralized dental enamel, thereby restoring the satisfactory mechanical properties approaching those of sound enamel, is still a challenge for dentists. To mimic the natural biomineralization approach for enamel remineralization, the biological process of enamel development proteins, such as amelogenin, was simulated in this study. In this work, carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) conjugated with alendronate (ALN) was applied to stabilize amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) to form CMC/ACP nanoparticles...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073636/prognosis-of-double-crown-retained-removable-dental-prostheses-compared-with-clasp-retained-removable-dental-prostheses-a-retrospective-study
#9
Keita Ishida, Toshifumi Nogawa, Yoshiyuki Takayama, Masayasu Saito, Atsuro Yokoyama
PURPOSE: The present study compared the clinical prognosis of double crown-retained removable dental prostheses (D-DRPs) with that of clasp-retained removable dental prostheses (C-RDPs). METHODS: Clinical records of 201 patients who had received 52 D-RDPs with 144 abutment teeth (D-teeth) and 199 C-RDPs with 399 abutment teeth (C-teeth) at the Prosthetic Dentistry Clinic in Hokkaido University Hospital between April 2005 and June 2015 were analyzed. Survival and complication probabilities of the two types of prostheses and abutment teeth were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067921/-preventive-dentistry-2-the-force-of-habit-and-the-change-to-healthy-oral-behaviour
#10
E Zwart, C O V M Gresnigt-Bekker
In a dental practice there are several situations where a change in behaviour of a patient is desirable or even necessary. It's not easy, however, to change someone's habits that they've had for many years, because these habits often give people a comfortable feeling. Change can lead to a decrease in self-confidence, which is why people are not always inclined to change. In order to realise a change in behaviour, there has to be an intrinsic motivation. An oral healthcare professional can increase the intrinsic motivation by using -Motivational Interviewing (MI)...
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066993/developing-a-biomimetic-tooth-bud-model
#11
Elizabeth E Smith, Weibo Zhang, Nathan R Schiele, Ali Khademhosseini, Catherine K Kuo, Pamela C Yelick
A long-term goal is to bioengineer, fully functional, living teeth for regenerative medicine and dentistry applications. Biologically based replacement teeth would avoid insufficiencies of the currently used dental implants. Using natural tooth development as a guide, a model was fabricated using post-natal porcine dental epithelial (pDE), porcine dental mesenchymal (pDM) progenitor cells, and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) encapsulated within gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogels. Previous publications have shown that post-natal DE and DM cells seeded onto synthetic scaffolds exhibited mineralized tooth crowns composed of dentin and enamel...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065430/informed-consent-in-dental-care-and-research-for-the-older-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Amrita Mukherjee, Alicia A Livinski, Joseph Millum, Steffany Chamut, Shahdokht Boroumand, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: Ethics in health care and research is based on the fundamental principle of informed consent. However, informed consent in geriatric dentistry is not well documented. Poor health, cognitive decline, and the passive nature of many geriatric patients complicate this issue. METHODS: The authors completed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors searched the PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059080/scaling-of-titanium-implants-entrains-inflammation-induced-osteolysis
#13
Michal Eger, Nir Sterer, Tamar Liron, David Kohavi, Yankel Gabet
With millions of new dental and orthopedic implants inserted annually, periprosthetic osteolysis becomes a major concern. In dentistry, peri-implantitis management includes cleaning using ultrasonic scaling. We examined whether ultrasonic scaling releases titanium particles and induces inflammation and osteolysis. Titanium discs with machined, sandblasted/acid-etched and sandblasted surfaces were subjected to ultrasonic scaling and we physically and chemically characterized the released particles. These particles induced a severe inflammatory response in macrophages and stimulated osteoclastogenesis...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054040/systematic-review-on-highly-viscous-glass-ionomer-cement-resin-coating-restorations-part-ii-%C3%A2-do-they-merge-minamata-convention-and-minimum-intervention-dentistry
#14
Andrej M Kielbassa, Georg Glockner, Michael Wolgin, Karl Glockner
BACKGROUND: With the Minamata Convention the use of mercury will be phased down, and this undoubtedly will have an effect on dental treatment regimens and economic resources. Composite resin restorations are considered viable alternatives to amalgam fillings; however, these will not be covered completely by health insurance systems in many countries. Recently, a high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (hvGIC) processed with a resinous coating (RC) has been introduced, and has been marketed as a restorative material in load-bearing Class I cavities (and in Class II cavities with limited size), thus serving as a possible alternative to amalgam fillings...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049684/the-benefit-of-a-switch-answer-changing-on-multiple-choice-exams-by-first-year-dental-students
#15
Sarah E Pagni, Anna G Bak, Steven E Eisen, Jennipher L Murphy, Matthew D Finkelman, Gerard Kugel
The aim of this study was to determine if dental students would benefit from changing their initial responses to what they have deemed to be more suitable answers during high-stakes multiple-choice examinations. Students are often advised to stay with their first answers despite evidence from other fields suggesting this is not the best course for obtaining optimal final exam scores. Data were collected for 160 first-year DMD students in fall 2013 for three operative dentistry and four biochemistry exams at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049683/predicting-performance-in-technical-preclinical-dental-courses-using-advanced-simulation
#16
Riki Gottlieb, Mary A Baechle, Charles Janus, Sharon K Lanning
The aim of this study was to investigate whether advanced simulation parameters, such as simulation exam scores, number of student self-evaluations, time to complete the simulation, and time to complete self-evaluations, served as predictors of dental students' preclinical performance. Students from three consecutive classes (n=282) at one U.S. dental school completed advanced simulation training and exams within the first four months of their dental curriculum. The students then completed conventional preclinical instruction and exams in operative dentistry (OD) and fixed prosthodontics (FP) courses, taken during the first and second years of dental school, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049682/effect-of-a-pilot-preclinical-incentive-program-on-dental-students-performance-on-a-clinical-competency-exam
#17
Gregory M Schuster, Ronald J Hunt, Harold J Haering
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a pilot preclinical incentive program on dental students' performance on a clinical competency (mock board) exam at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona. To assess the effect of preclinical grade incentives in a program called SUCCEED, scores from a clinical competency exam administered during the fall quarter of the fourth year were compared between the graduating classes of 2014 and 2015 (pre-SUCCEED curriculum) and the graduating class of 2016 (post-SUCCEED curriculum)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049677/dental-students-alumni-and-dentists-perspectives-on-leadership-impact-of-the-scholars-program-in-dental-leadership
#18
Audrey L Niemchick, Jessica Delgado, Russell S Taichman, Marita R Inglehart
In 2006, the Scholars Program in Dental Leadership (SPDL) was created at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry with the aim of preparing dental students to take on leadership roles in their profession and communities. The aims of this quantitative study were to investigate how SPDL alumni and current participants evaluated this program; to assess whether SPDL alumni evaluated their leadership-related educational experiences, leadership perceptions, and attitudes towards leadership activities in dentistry more positively than did non-SPDL dental students and general dentists; and to explore if leadership-related educational/clinical experiences were correlated with these constructs...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#19
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049673/dental-students-reflections-on-quality-of-periodontal-care-in-dental-school-clinics
#20
Sangeetha Chandrasekaran, Charles Powell, Laurice De la Rosa, Anuj Mittal, Lonnie Johnson
The aim of this study was to analyze dental students' descriptions of and reflections on the periodontal care they provided for their patients in dental school clinics. All students enrolled in the final year of the DDS program in 2011-14 at the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine were required to complete a self-assessment of the periodontal care they provided for patients. Assessments from 263 students were compiled and qualitatively analyzed. The key reasons given for not providing good care were identified and then stratified as student/school-dependent or patient-dependent factors...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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