Read by QxMD icon Read


Mohammed Dalwai, Katie Tayler-Smith, Michèle Twomey, Masood Nasim, Abdul Qayum Popal, Waliul Haq Haqdost, Olivia Gayraud, Sophia Cheréstal, Lee Wallis, Pola Valles
OBJECTIVE: The South African Triage Scale (SATS) has demonstrated good validity in the EDs of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)-supported sites in Afghanistan and Haiti; however, corresponding reliability in these settings has not yet been reported on. This study set out to assess the inter-rater and intrarater reliability of the SATS in four MSF-supported EDs in Afghanistan and Haiti (two trauma-only EDs and two mixed (including both medical and trauma cases) EDs). METHODS: Under classroom conditions between December 2013 and February 2014, ED nurses at each site assigned triage ratings to a set of context-specific vignettes (written case reports of ED patients)...
March 16, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Katherine Rouleau, Monique Bourget, Patrick Chege, Francois Couturier, Paula Godoy-Ruiz, Paul H Grand'Maison, Melanie Henry, Kerling Israel, Videsh Kapoor, Hendra Kurniawan, Louella Lobo, Mahamane Maiga, Samantha Pereira Franca, Lynda Redwood-Campbell, Jamie Rodas, Raman Sohal, Dawit Wondimagegn, Robert Woolard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a limited evidentiary base on the development of family medicine in different contexts and countries. The lack of evidence impedes our ability to compare and characterize family medicine models and identify areas of success that have led to the effective provision of care. This paper offers a comparative compilation and analysis of the development of family medicine training programs in seven countries: Brazil, Canada, Ethiopia, Haiti, Indonesia, Kenya, and Mali...
March 8, 2018: Family Medicine
C L Shannon, C C Bristow, N A Hoff, A Wynn, M Nguyen, A Medina-Marino, J Cabeza, A W Rimoin, J D Klausner
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infections during pregnancy are linked with adverse birth outcomes. However, few countries have prenatal CT, NG, or TV screening programs. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of CT, NG, and TV screening and treatment among pregnant women across six low-to-middle income countries. METHODS: A total 1,817 pregnant women were screened for CT, NG, and TV in Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Haiti, South Africa, and Vietnam...
March 9, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Margaret E Kruk, Anna D Gage, Godfrey M Mbaruku, Hannah H Leslie
OBJECTIVE: Describe content of clinical care for sick children in low-resource settings. DATA SOURCES: Nationally representative health facility surveys in Haiti, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda from 2007 to 2015. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical visits by sick children under 5 years were observed and caregivers interviewed. We describe duration and content of the care in the visit and estimate associations between increased content and caregiver knowledge and satisfaction...
March 7, 2018: Health Services Research
Elena Cyrus, Diana M Sheehan, Kristopher Fennie, Mariana Sanchez, Christyl T Dawson, Marsha Cameron, Lorene Maddox, Mary Jo Trepka
Prompt HIV diagnosis decreases the risk of HIV transmission and improves health outcomes. The study objective was to examine rates of delayed HIV diagnosis among non-Latino Black Caribbean immigrants in Florida. The sample included 39,008 Black HIV-positive individuals, aged 13 or older from the Caribbean and the mainland U.S. Delayed HIV diagnosis was defined as AIDS diagnosis within three months of HIV diagnosis. After adjusting for demographic factors, year of HIV diagnosis, transmission mode, neighborhood level socioeconomic status, and rural-urban residence, a disparity persisted for Caribbean-born Blacks in the Bahamas and Haiti compared with U...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Muni Rubens, Anshul Saxena, Venkataraghavan Ramamoorthy, H Virginia McCoy, Consuelo Beck-Sagué, Michèle Jean-Gilles, Florence George, Nancy Shehadeh, Jessy G Dévieux
Stigma is a primary barrier to care and support for people living with HIV (PLWH). We explored relationships between HIV-related stigma and treatment adherence and the effects of psychological and structural factors on these relationships. HIV treatment adherence, stigma, and coping strategies were measured with questionnaires. Participants included 285 PLWH in Haiti. Multivariable linear regression was used to estimate predictors of treatment adherence. Structural equation modeling was used to determine whether relationships between stigma and treatment adherence variables were mediated by coping variables...
February 9, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Diana-Lyn Baptiste, Jill B Hamilton, Cynthia Foronda, Elizabeth Sloand, Beth Fahlberg, Teresa Pfaff, Sabianca Delva, Patricia M Davidson
AIM: The aim of this integrative review is to determine what is known about hypertension among adults living in Haiti. BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the leading cause of morbidity, the identified cause of heart failure in 45% of patients, and is associated with more than 70% of cardiovascular disease-related hospital admissions in Haiti. DESIGN: An integrative review of literature. METHODS: Searching four databases from 2007-2018, Whittemore and Knafl's method was used to review the literature...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sheng-Nan Cao, Ye Yuan, Yu Haity Qin, Ming-Zhe Zhang, Paul de Figueiredo, Gui-Hua Li, Qing-Ming Qin
Botrytis cinerea is a necrotrophic plant fungal pathogen that annually causes enormous economic losses worldwide. The ribosome is an organelle for cellular protein biosynthesis. However, little is known about how the ribosome operates as a machine to mediate microbial pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that Nop53, a late-acting factor for 60S ribosomal subunit maturation, is crucial for the pathogen's development and virulence. BcNop53 is functionally equivalent to yeast nop53p. Complementation of BcNOP53 completely restored the growth defect of the yeast nop53Δ mutant...
February 28, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
Lynn Clark Callister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Michael Naor, Samuel N Heyman, Tarif Bader, Ofer Merin
OBJECTIVE: The Israeli Defense Force (IDF) Medical Corps developed a model of airborne field hospital. This model was structured to deal with disaster settings, requiring self-sufficiency, innovation and flexible operative mode in the setup of large margins of uncertainty regarding the disaster environment. The current study is aimed to critically analyze the experience, gathered in ten such missions worldwide. METHODS: Interviews with physicians who actively participated in the missions from 1988 until 2015 as chief medical officers combined with literature review of principal medical and auxiliary publications in order to assess and integrate information about the assembly of these missions...
October 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Karin Diaconu, Jennifer Falconer, Fiona O'May, Miguel Jimenez, Joe Matragrano, Betty Njanpop-Lafourcade, Alastair Ager
BACKGROUND: Cholera is a highly infectious diarrheal disease spread via fecal contamination of water and food sources; it is endemic in parts of Africa and Asia and recent outbreaks have been reported in Haiti, the Zambia and Democratic Republic of the Congo. If left untreated, the disease can be fatal in less than 24 h and result in case fatality ratios of 30-50%. Cholera disproportionately affects those living in areas with poor access to water and sanitation: the long-term public health response is focused on improving water and hygiene facilities and access...
February 20, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Jessica Miller, Marvin L Birnbaum
In October 2010, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP; Port au Prince, Haiti) reported a cholera epidemic caused by contamination of the Artibonite River by a United Nation Stabilization Mission camp. Interventional studies of the subsequent responses, including a descriptive Methods section and systematic approach, may be useful in facilitating comparisons and applying lessons learned to future outbreaks. The purpose of this study was to examine publicly available documents relating to the 2010 cholera outbreak to answer: (1) What information is publicly available on interventional studies conducted during the epidemic, and what was/were the impact(s)? and (2) Can the interventions be compared, and what lessons can be learned from their comparison? A PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA) search was conducted using the parameters "Haiti" and "cholera...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
B A Timmins, C Thomas Riché, M W Saint-Jean, J Tuck, L Merry
AIM: To describe the facilitators and barriers for nurses to perform quality wound care in three surgical wards of a hospital in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. BACKGROUND: Up to a quarter of patients in low- and middle-income countries may acquire at least one infection while hospitalized. There is a paucity of research investigating nursing wound care practices in low- and middle-income countries regarding the prevention of hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: The design was qualitative descriptive...
February 13, 2018: International Nursing Review
Jude Mary Cénat, Daniel Derivois, Martine Hébert, Laetitia Mélissande Amédée, Amira Karray
In Haiti, as in several developing countries, the phenomenon of street children has become a major public health issue. These children are often victims of traumas and adverse life events. This article aimed to investigate traumas experienced by street children and their coping and resilience strategies used to deal with adversities in a logic of survival, relying on a mixed method approach. A group of 176 street children, aged 7-18 (n = 21 girls), recruited in Port-au-Prince, completed measures assessing PTSD, social support and resilience...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Rebecca Winter, Jennifer Yourkavitch, Wenjuan Wang, Lindsay Mallick
Background: Despite the importance of health facility capacity to provide comprehensive care, the most widely used indicators for global monitoring of maternal and child health remain contact measures which assess women's use of services only and not the capacity of health facilities to provide those services; there is a gap in monitoring health facilities' capacity to provide newborn care services in low and middle income countries. Methods: In this study we demonstrate a measurable framework for assessing health facility capacity to provide newborn care using open access, nationally-representative Service Provision Assessment (SPA) data from the Demographic Health Surveys Program...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
Naiara Sperandio, Dayane de Castro Morais, Silvia Eloiza Priore
The scope of this systematic review was to compare the food insecurity scales validated and used in the countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, and analyze the methods used in validation studies. A search was conducted in the Lilacs, SciELO and Medline electronic databases. The publications were pre-selected by titles and abstracts, and subsequently by a full reading. Of the 16,325 studies reviewed, 14 were selected. Twelve validated scales were identified for the following countries: Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Mexico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Argentina and Guatemala...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Antony Dalziel McNeil Stewart
This article examines anti-treponematoses work as part of US occupation public health policy in Haiti, a unique event in the history of international health. Yaws was highly prevalent in Haiti, but occupation doctors initially ignored it because of its close association with syphilis and stigmas attached to sexually transmitted disease. This changed when C.S. Butler asserted that yaws was "innocent" and that the two diseases should therefore be considered as one. Treatment increased as an anti-treponematoses campaign was now believed to hold great benefits for the occupation's paternalist and strategic aims, even though it ultimately failed...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Ryan K McBain, Gregory Jerome, Fernet Leandre, Micaela Browning, Jonathan Warsh, Mahek Shah, Bipin Mistry, Peterson Abnis I Faure, Claire Pierre, Anna P Fang, Jean Claude Mugunga, Gary Gottlieb, Joseph Rhatigan, Robert Kaplan
Objective: To evaluate the implementation of a time-driven activity-based costing analysis at five community health facilities in Haiti. Methods: Together with stakeholders, the project team decided that health-care providers should enter start and end times of the patient encounter in every fifth patient's medical dossier. We trained one data collector per facility, who manually entered the time recordings and patient characteristics in a database and submitted the data to a cloud-based data warehouse each week...
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Frantz Jean Louis, Josiane Buteau, Kesner François, Erin Hulland, Jean Wysler Domerçant, Chunfu Yang, Jacques Boncy, Robert Burris, Valerie Pelletier, Nicholas Wagar, Varough Deyde, David W Lowrance, Macarthur Charles
INTRODUCTION: Viral load (VL) assessment is the preferred method for diagnosing and confirming virologic failure for patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to evaluate the virologic suppression rate among patients on ART for ≥6 months in five hospitals around Port-au-Prince, Haiti. METHODS: Plasma VL was measured and patients with VL <1,000 copies/mL were defined as virologically suppressed. A second VL test was performed within at least six months of the first test...
2018: PloS One
Fabiano Tonaco Borges, Ana Paula Muraro, Luís Henrique da Costa Leão, Luciana de Andrade Carvalho, Carlos Eduardo Gomes Siqueira
We analyzed the sociodemographic profile, migration journey, health conditions, and health care access and utilization among recent Haitian immigrants to the Brazilian Amazon state of Mato Grosso. We conducted a cross-sectional study with a probabilistic sample of 452 Haitians. We administered a bilingual questionnaire from December 2014 to February 2015. Data were analyzed using chi square tests to evaluate differences among groups. The majority of participants were married men younger than 35 years old. They mostly came from the Haiti's Artibonite Department, living in Brazil for less than a year...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"