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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933659/contemporary-burial-practices-in-three-caribbean-islands-among-christians-of-african-descent
#1
Camille L Huggins, Glenda M Hinkson
Burial rituals are symbolic activities that encourage the expression of grief as a positive way to heal while helping to confirm the reality of death. In the Caribbean, consisting of multiple distinct islands and histories of colonization, how individuals are buried on each island depends on the historical intermingling of the colonizer's Christian religion and African (spiritual) rituals. Each island has distinct burial rituals that are a blending of Christian and African religious or spiritual cultures. This article highlights the distinct burial rituals on the Caribbean islands of Barbados, Haiti, and Trinidad and how its historical past has shaped present burial rituals and its significance to the African Caribbean grieving processes...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926912/waste-treatment-and-energy-production-from-small-scale-wastewater-digesters
#2
Stephanie Lansing, Ayella Maile-Moskowitz, Alexander Eaton
Three tubular anaerobic digestion (AD) systems were installed in Haiti to treat black water (toilet-based wastewater), including a three cell 36m(3) clinic digester (CD), a two cell 2m(3) hotel digester (HD), and a three-cell 3m(3) farm digester (FD) for worker use. During digestion, total coliforms were reduced by 99.1%, E. coli by 98.5%, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) by 93.6%. Nutrients in the effluent averaged 99.4mg/L NH4(+) and 10.6mg/L PO4(2-), producing an effective organic fertilizer. Average biogas production in CD was 108L/d, with 65...
September 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916247/comparison-of-two-control-groups-for-estimation-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-effectiveness-using-a-case-control-study-design
#3
Molly F Franke, J Gregory Jerome, Wilfredo R Matias, Ralph Ternier, Isabelle J Hilaire, Jason B Harris, Louise C Ivers
BACKGROUND: Case-control studies to quantify oral cholera vaccine effectiveness (VE) often rely on neighbors without diarrhea as community controls. Test-negative controls can be easily recruited and may minimize bias due to differential health-seeking behavior and recall. We compared VE estimates derived from community and test-negative controls and conducted bias-indicator analyses to assess potential bias with community controls. METHODS: From October 2012 through November 2016, patients with acute watery diarrhea were recruited from cholera treatment centers in rural Haiti...
September 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912964/is-the-south-african-triage-scale-valid-for-use-in-afghanistan-haiti-and-sierra-leone
#4
Mohammed Dalwai, Pola Valles, Michele Twomey, Yvonne Nzomukunda, Prince Jonjo, Manoj Sasikumar, Masood Nasim, Abdul Razaaq, Olivia Gayraud, Pierre Ronald Jecrois, Lee Wallis, Katie Tayler-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of the South African Triage Scale (SATS) in four Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)-supported emergency departments (ED, two trauma-only sites, one mixed site (both medical and trauma cases) and one paediatric-only site) in Afghanistan, Haiti and Sierra Leone. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted between June 2013 and June 2014. Validity was assessed by comparing patients' SATS ratings with their final ED outcome (ie, hospital admission, death or discharge)...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912065/taino-and-african-maternal-heritage-in-the-greater-antilles
#5
Areej Bukhari, Javier Rodriguez Luis, Miguel A Alfonso-Sanchez, Ralph Garcia-Bertrand, Rene J Herrera
Notwithstanding the general interest and the geopolitical importance of the island countries in the Greater Antilles, little is known about the specific ancestral Native American and African populations that settled them. In an effort to alleviate this lacuna of information on the genetic constituents of the Greater Antilles, we comprehensively compared the mtDNA compositions of Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica and Puerto Rico. To accomplish this, the mtDNA HVRI and HVRII regions, as well as coding diagnostic sites, were assessed in the Haitian general population and compared to data from reference populations...
September 11, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911750/effect-of-counselling-on-health-care-seeking-behaviours-and-rabies-vaccination-adherence-after-dog-bites-in-haiti-2014-15-a-retrospective-follow-up-survey
#6
Melissa Dominique Etheart, Maxwell Kligerman, Pierre Dilius Augustin, Jesse D Blanton, Benjamin Monroe, Ludder Fleurinord, Max Millien, Kelly Crowdis, Natael Fenelon, Ryan MacLaren Wallace
BACKGROUND: Haiti has an integrated bite case management (IBCM) programme to counsel animal-bite victims on the risk of rabies and appropriate treatment, as well as the Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) to examine the animals. We assessed the usefulness of the IBCM programme to promote best practices for rabies prophylaxis after exposure in a low-income rabies-endemic setting. METHODS: We did a retrospective follow-up survey of randomly selected bite victims who were counselled by Haiti's IBCM programme between May 15, 2014, and Sept 15, 2015...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890732/geographic-distribution-of-blood-collections-in-haiti-before-and-after-the-2010-earthquake
#7
A Bjork, A E Jean Baptiste, E Noel, N P D Jean Charles, E Polo, J P Pitman
BACKGROUND: The January 2010 Haiti earthquake destroyed the National Blood Transfusion Center and reduced monthly national blood collections by > 46%. Efforts to rapidly scale-up blood collections outside of the earthquake-affected region were investigated. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Blood collection data for 2004-2014 from Haiti's 10 administrative departments were grouped into four regions: Northern, Central, Port-au-Prince and Southern. Analyses compared regional collection totals during the study period...
May 2017: ISBT Science Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885946/the-association-between-service-members-participation-in-humanitarian-aid-and-disaster-relief-and-mental-health-symptoms-and-treatments
#8
Yeong Kim, Nilam Patel, Glen Diehl, Patrick Richard
INTRODUCTION: There is a scarcity of research establishing a relationship between mental illness and the U.S. military service members who participate in the field of military humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR). One of the few studies in this area showed that participation in military HA/DR was not associated with depressive symptoms, however, the study was limited by sample size. This study examined (1) the relationship between participation in military HA/DR and mental health symptoms and military stress and (2) the relationship between HA/DR and mental health treatment and therapy...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875866/in-haitian-women-and-preschool-children-iron-absorption-from-wheat-flour-based-meals-fortified-with-sodium-iron-edta-is-higher-than-that-from-meals-fortified-with-ferrous-fumarate-and-is-not-affected-by-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Isabelle Herter-Aeberli, Kerline Eliancy, Yanick Rathon, Cornelia U Loechl, Joseline Marhône Pierre, Michael B Zimmermann
Fe fortification of wheat flour was proposed in Haiti to combat Fe deficiency, but Fe bioavailability from fortificants has never been investigated in Haitian women or preschool children, two key target groups. We aimed to investigate the bioavailability of ferrous fumarate (FeFum), NaFeEDTA and their combination from fortified wheat flour. We recruited twenty-two healthy mother-child pairs in Port au Prince, Haiti, for an Fe-absorption study. We administered stable Fe isotopes as FeFum or NaFeEDTA individually in low-extraction wheat flour bread rolls consumed by all participants in a randomised, cross-over design...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864264/a-self-reported-needs-assessment-survey-of-pediatric-orthopaedic-education-in-haiti
#10
Rameez A Qudsi, Heather J Roberts, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Elena Losina, Donald S Bae, Francel Alexis, George S Dyer
OBJECTIVE: The burden of musculoskeletal disease remains high in low-income countries, with a high rate of pediatric disease. Efforts continue for orthopedic education, but there is little guidance on local needs and desires. Our aim was to determine the specific content and modalities that would be most useful for pediatric orthopedic educational programs abroad, and we demonstrate a practical method of identifying country-specific educational deficits through a self-reported needs survey in Haiti...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843959/team-a-low-cost-alternative-to-atls-for-providing-trauma-care-teaching-in-haiti
#11
Anton Kurdin, Andrew Caines, Darrell Boone, Andrew Furey
OBJECTIVE: Trauma resuscitation protocols have unified the care of trauma patients and significantly improved outcomes. However, the success of the Advanced Trauma Life Support course is difficult to reproduce in developing countries due to set-up costs, limitations of resources, and variations of practice. The objective of this study is to assess the Trauma Evaluation and Management (TEAM) course as a low-cost alternative for trauma resuscitation teaching in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835247/the-modified-south-african-triage-scale-system-for-mortality-prediction-in-resource-constrained-emergency-surgical-centers-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Jacques Massaut, Pola Valles, Arnold Ghismonde, Claudinette Jn Jacques, Liseberth Pierre Louis, Abdulmutalib Zakir, Rafael Van den Bergh, Lunick Santiague, Rose Berly Massenat, Nathalie Edema
BACKGROUND: The South African Triage Scale (SATS) was developed to facilitate patient triage in emergency departments (EDs) and is used by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in low-resource environments. The aim was to determine if SATS data, reason for admission, and patient age can be used to develop and validate a model predicting the in-hospital risk of death in emergency surgical centers and to compare the model's discriminative power with that of the four SATS categories alone. METHODS: We used data from a cohort hospitalized at the Nap Kenbe Surgical Hospital in Haiti from January 2013 to June 2015...
August 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831447/presentation-treatment-and-outcomes-of-haitian-women-with-breast-cancer-in-miami-and-haiti-disparities-in-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Alexandra Gomez, Vincent DeGennaro, Sophia H L George, Isildinha M Reis, Estefania Santamaria, Gustavo Figueiredo Westin, Dieudina Gabriel, Judith Hurley
PURPOSE: We compared a cohort of Haitian immigrants with residents in Haiti with breast cancer (BC) to evaluate the effects of location on presentation, treatment, and outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were Haitian women with BC living in Miami who presented to the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital and women with BC living in Haiti who presented to the Innovating Health International Women's Cancer Center. The primary outcome was the relationship between location, cancer characteristics, and survival...
August 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821712/emergence-of-recombinant-mayaro-virus-strains-from-the-amazon-basin
#14
Carla Mavian, Brittany D Rife, James Jarad Dollar, Eleonora Cella, Massimo Ciccozzi, Mattia C F Prosperi, John Lednicky, J Glenn Morris, Ilaria Capua, Marco Salemi
Mayaro virus (MAYV), causative agent of Mayaro Fever, is an arbovirus transmitted by Haemagogus mosquitoes. Despite recent attention due to the identification of several cases in South and Central America and the Caribbean, limited information on MAYV evolution and epidemiology exists and represents a barrier to prevention of further spread. We present a thorough spatiotemporal evolutionary study of MAYV full-genome sequences collected over the last sixty years within South America and Haiti, revealing recent recombination events and adaptation to a broad host and vector range, including Aedes mosquito species...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821230/seroprevalence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-hsv-2-among-pregnant-women-who-participated-in-a-national-hiv-surveillance-activity-in-haiti
#15
Jean Wysler Domercant, Frantz Jean Louis, Erin Hulland, Mark Griswold, Jocelyne Andre-Alboth, Tun Ye, Barbara J Marston
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), one the most common causes of genital ulcers, appears to increase both the risk of HIV acquisition and HIV transmission. HSV-2/HIV co-infection among pregnant women may increase the risk of perinatal transmission of HIV. This study describes rates of HSV-2 among pregnant women in Haiti and HSV-2 test performance in this population. METHODS: Unlinked residual serum specimens from the 2012 National HIV and Syphilis Sentinel Surveillance Survey among pregnant women in Haiti were tested using two commercial kits (Focus HerpeSelect, Kalon) for HSV-2 antibodies...
August 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820704/the-price-of-peace-peacekeeping-with-impunity-harms-public-health-in-haiti
#16
Louise C Ivers, Yodeline Guillaume
In April, 2017, the United Nations (UN) announced that it will withdraw peacekeeping soldiers from Haiti after 13 years there.(1) Known by its French acronym MINUSTAH, the mission has been controversial in security terms, but in terms of public health, it is not controversial to state that peacekeepers will be leaving a heavy mark on the health of Haitians. The UN has acknowledged that peacekeeping soldiers were responsible for both the introduction of cholera (which sparked a nationwide epidemic) and the sexual abuse and exploitation of Haitians, including minors...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820691/field-trial-of-the-carestart-biosensor-analyzer-for-the-determination-of-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-activity-in-haiti
#17
Thomas A Weppelmann, Michael E von Fricken, Tara D Wilfong, Elisa Aguenza, Taina T Philippe, Bernard A Okech
Throughout many developing and tropical countries around the world, malaria remains a significant threat to human health. One barrier to malaria elimination is the ability to safely administer primaquine chemotherapy for the radical cure of malaria infections in populations with a high prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. In the current study, a field trial of the world's first quantitative, point-of-care assay for measuring G6PD activity was conducted in Haiti. The performance of the CareStart Biosensor Analyzer was compared with the gold standard spectrophotometric assay and genotyping of the G6PD allele in schoolchildren (N = 343) from the Ouest Department of Haiti...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818627/cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-association-between-bedtime-and-malaria-exposure-in-the-ouest-and-sud-est-departments-of-haiti
#18
Caroline J Stephenson, Matthew E Rossheim, Cara L Frankenfeld, Jacques Boncy, Bernard A Okech, Michael E von Fricken
INTRODUCTION: The governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic have a binational agreement to work towards malaria elimination for the island of Hispaniola by the year 2020. Understanding malaria-related knowledge and behaviors can help inform elimination efforts. This study examined the association between social-behavioral factors, like bedtime and bed net ownership, with malaria seroconversion status among people in the Ouest and Sud-Est departments of Haiti. METHODS: In 2013, cross-sectional survey data (n=377) and blood samples were collected from a convenience sample of individuals within community, clinic and school settings...
August 14, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799117/concurrent-hydrocelectomy-during-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-is-a-risk-factor-for-complications-and-reoperation-data-from-rural-haiti
#19
D P Kuwayama, J Augustin
PURPOSE: Series of conventional inguinal herniorrhaphy from low and middle income countries (LMICs) suggest elevated rates of morbidity, mortality, and recurrence, although the reasons remain incompletely understood. We sought to identify risk factors for adverse outcomes from inguinal herniorrhaphy performed in a resource-limited LMIC setting. METHODS: We performed mesh-free modified Bassini inguinal herniorrhaphies on 141 consecutive patients with 156 inguinal hernias over 10 months in rural Haiti...
August 10, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796056/examining-the-association-between-possessing-a-regular-source-of-healthcare-and-adherence-with-cancer-screenings-among-haitian-households-in-little-haiti-miami-dade-county-florida
#20
Hauchie Pang, Mariel Cataldi, Emmanuelle Allseits, Melissa Ward-Peterson, Pura Rodríguez de la Vega, Grettel Castro, Juan Manuel Acuña
Immigrant minorities regularly experience higher incidence and mortality rates of cancer. Frequently, a variety of social determinants create obstacles for those individuals to get the screenings they need. This is especially true for Haitian immigrants, a particularly vulnerable immigrant population in South Florida, who have been identified as having low cancer screening rates. While Haitian immigrants have some of the lowest cancer screening rates in the country, there is little existing literature that addresses barriers to cancer screenings among the population of Little Haiti in Miami-Dade County, Florida...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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