keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Haiti

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433846/factors-associated-with-postoperative-complications-in-hydrocephalic-infants-diagnosed-at-bernard-mevs-hospital-in-port-au-prince-haiti-from-2011-to-2013
#1
Floreine-Jemima Joseph, Joseph Bernard, Sylvio Augustin
OBJECTIVE: Complications worsen the prognosis of hydrocephalic children who undergo surgery. The main objective of this study was to determine factors associated with postoperative complications in Haitian hydrocephalic infants. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on hydrocephalic infants diagnosed in a Haitian hospital from 2011 to 2013. Records were consulted to gather key variables that were evaluated in relation to the occurrence of postoperative complications...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410382/controlling-cholera-in-the-ouest-department-of-haiti-using-oral-vaccines
#2
Alexander Kirpich, Thomas A Weppelmann, Yang Yang, John Glenn Morris, Ira M Longini
Following the 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti, a plan was initiated to provide massive improvements to the sanitation and drinking water infrastructure in order to eliminate cholera from the island of Hispaniola by 2023. Six years and a half billion dollars later, there is little evidence that any substantial improvements have been implemented; with increasing evidence that cholera has become endemic. Thus, it is time to explore strategies to control cholera in Haiti using oral cholera vaccines (OCVs). The potential effects of mass administration of OCVs on cholera transmission were assessed using dynamic compartment models fit to cholera incidence data from the Ouest Department of Haiti...
April 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408671/complete-genome-sequences-of-chikungunya-viruses-isolated-from-plasma-specimens-collected-from-haitians-in-2014
#3
Sarah K White, J Glenn Morris, Maha A Elbadry, Valery Madsen Beau De Rochars, Bernard A Okech, John A Lednicky
Ten chikungunya virus isolates from human plasma collected in Haiti from May to August 2014, in the midst of a chikungunya fever outbreak, were fully sequenced. The resulting genomic sequences are nearly identical, and phylogenetic analyses indicate they belong to the Asian lineage of the virus.
April 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406405/risk-factors-of-cholera-transmission-in-rural-areas-in-haiti
#4
P Gazin, R Barrais, F Uwineza
Cholera, present in Haiti since October 2010, persisted in early 2014 in several places, each with its own particular epidemiological characteristics. The scarcity of fresh water probably contributed to the spread of the disease in some rural areas. Population gatherings in places without an access to either safe water or sanitation infrastructure were another factor. Outreach activities of hygiene promotion and improving access to chlorinated water had positive results. The disappearance of choléra in areas where effective preventive actions were conducted supports the conclusion that its transmission is predominantly interhuman, without the sustainable installation of the pathogenic Vibrio in the Haitian environment...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402924/remote-tele-mentored-ultrasound-for-non-physician-learners-using-facetime-a-feasibility-study-in-a-low-income-country
#5
Thomas E Robertson, Andrea R Levine, Avelino C Verceles, Jessica A Buchner, James H Lantry, Alfred Papali, Marc T Zubrow, L Nathalie Colas, Marc E Augustin, Michael T McCurdy
PURPOSE: Ultrasound (US) is a burgeoning diagnostic tool and is often the only available imaging modality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, bedside providers often lack training to acquire or interpret US images. We conducted a study to determine if a remote tele-intensivist could mentor geographically removed LMIC providers to obtain quality and clinically useful US images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine Haitian non-physician health care workers received a 20-minute training on basic US techniques...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398661/experiences-of-violence-and-abuse-among-internally-displaced-adolescent-girls-following-a-natural-disaster
#6
Elizabeth Sloand, Cheryl Killion, Hossein Yarandi, Phyllis Sharps, Annie Lewis-O'connor, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary, Cesar Nicole Muller, Doris Campbell
AIM: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. BACKGROUND: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. DESIGN: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: 1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and 2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385121/use-of-bouillon-cubes-is-a-major-source-of-alleviating-iodine-deficiency-in-haiti
#7
Julia von Oettingen, Xuemei He, Eddy Jean-Baptiste, Ketly Altenor, Alan P Farwell, Lewis E Braverman
No abstract needed. Letter to editor.
April 6, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374428/ethical-considerations-of-triage-following-natural-disasters-the-idf-experience-in-haiti-as-a-case-study
#8
Efrat Ram-Tiktin
Natural disasters in populated areas may result in massive casualties and extensive destruction of infrastructure. Humanitarian aid delegations may have to cope with the complicated issue of patient prioritization under conditions of severe resource scarcity. A triage model, consisting of five principles, is proposed for the prioritization of patients, and it is argued that rational and reasonable agents would agree upon them. The Israel Defense Force's humanitarian mission to Haiti following the 2010 earthquake serves as a case study for the various considerations taken into account when designing the ethical-clinical policy of field hospitals...
April 3, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369062/t-cell-subtypes-and-reciprocal-inflammatory-mediator-expression-differentiate-p-falciparum-memory-recall-responses-in-asymptomatic-and-symptomatic-malaria-patients-in-southeastern-haiti
#9
Jason S Lehmann, Joseph J Campo, Micheline Cicéron, Christian P Raccurt, Jacques Boncy, Valery E M Beau De Rochars, Anthony P Cannella
Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infection is responsible for maintaining malarial disease within human populations in low transmission countries such as Haiti. Investigating differential host immune responses to the parasite as a potential underlying mechanism could help provide insight into this highly complex phenomenon and possibly identify asymptomatic individuals. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of individuals who were diagnosed with malaria in Sud-Est, Haiti by comparing the cellular and humoral responses of both symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367719/high-burden-of-mental-illness-and-low-utilization-of-care-among-school-going-youth-in-central-haiti-a-window-into-the-youth-mental-health-treatment-gap-in-a-low-income-country
#10
Eddy Eustache, Margaret E Gerbasi, Mary C Smith Fawzi, J Reginald Fils-Aimé, Jennifer Severe, Giuseppe J Raviola, Rupinder Legha, Sarah Darghouth, David J Grelotti, Tatiana Thérosmé, Ermaze L Pierre, Emmeline Affricot, Yoldie Alcindor, Anne E Becker
BACKGROUND: The mental health treatment gap for youth in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is substantial; strategies for redress are urgently needed to mitigate the serious health and social consequences of untreated mental illness in youth. AIMS: To estimate the burden of major depressive episode (MDE) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as utilization of care among Haitian youth in order to describe the mental health treatment gap in a LMIC setting...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367718/formative-research-on-a-teacher-accompaniment-model-to-promote-youth-mental-health-in-haiti-relevance-to-mental-health-task-sharing-in-low-resource-school-settings
#11
Eddy Eustache, Margaret E Gerbasi, Jennifer Severe, J Reginald Fils-Aimé, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Giuseppe J Raviola, Sarah Darghouth, Kate Boyd, Tatiana Thérosmé, Rupinder Legha, Ermaze L Pierre, Emmeline Affricot, Yoldie Alcindor, David J Grelotti, Anne E Becker
BACKGROUND: Task-sharing with teachers to promote youth mental health is a promising but underdeveloped strategy in improving care access in low-income countries. AIMS: To assess feasibility, acceptability and utility of the teacher accompaniment phase of a school-based Teacher- Accompagnateur Pilot Study (TAPS) in Haiti. METHODS: We assigned student participants, aged 18-22 years ( n = 120), to teacher participants ( n = 22) within four Haitian schools; we instructed participants to arrange meetings with their assigned counterparts to discuss mental health treatment, academic skills, and/or well-being...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358716/teaching-community-health-assessment-through-a-global-health-elective-in-rural-haiti
#12
Paul Dassow, Robert Zylstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340166/complete-blood-count-reference-ranges-from-a-rural-haitian-ambulatory-care-clinic
#13
Robert F Downey
Background: At rural healthcare centers in developing countries, it is difficult to recruit healthy individuals for reference range studies. So, in this study, I evaluated complete blood count (CBC) data to determine reference ranges for a rural Haitian population. Methods: A convenience sample of laboratory records was reviewed to obtain CBC results for 157 adult patients with normal screening examination results. Central 95% reference ranges were determined for male and female subjects...
March 10, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292265/erratum-to-quality-and-uptake-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-in-haiti
#14
Kelsey R Mirkovic, Eva Lathrop, Erin N Hulland, Reginald Jean-Louis, Daniel Lauture, Ghislaine Desinor D'Alexis, Endang Handzel, Reynold Grand-Pierre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291386/occurrence-of-toxigenic-fungi-and-aflatoxin-potential-of-aspergillus-spp-strains-associated-with-subsistence-farmed-crops-in-haiti
#15
Junior Aristil, Giovanni Venturini, Alberto Spada
Subsistence farming and poor storage facilities favor toxigenic fungal contamination and mycotoxin accumulation in staple foods from tropical countries such as Haiti. The present preliminary study was designed to evaluate the occurrence of toxigenic fungi in Haitian foodstuffs to define the mycotoxin risk associated with Haitian crops. The objectives of this research were to determine the distribution of toxigenic fungi in the Haitian crops maize, moringa, and peanut seeds and to screen Aspergillus section Flavi (ASF) isolates for production of aflatoxins B1 and G1 in vitro...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290915/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-rabies-risk-in-community-members-and-healthcare-professionals-p%C3%A3-tionville-haiti-2013
#16
N Fenelon, P Dely, M A Katz, N D Schaad, A Dismer, D Moran, F Laraque, R M Wallace
Haiti has the highest human rabies burden in the Western Hemisphere. There is no published literature describing the public's perceptions of rabies in Haiti, information that is critical to developing effective interventions and government policies. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey of 550 community members and 116 health professionals in Pétionville, Haiti in 2013 to understand the perception of rabies in these populations. The majority of respondents (85%) knew that dogs were the primary reservoir for rabies, yet only 1% were aware that bats and mongooses could transmit rabies...
March 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282245/live-with-the-disease-like-you-used-to-before-you-knew-you-were-infected-a-qualitative-study-among-10-year-survivors-living-with-hiv-in-haiti
#17
Samuel Pierre, Vanessa Riviera, Circee Phara Jean, Marie Jude Jean Louis, Lindsey K Reif, Patrice Severe, Vanessa Rouzier, Warren D Johnson, Jean W Pape, Daniel W Fitzgerald, Margaret L McNairy, Carla Boutin-Foster
In 2003, the Haitian Study Group on Kaposi's Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO), a nonprofit organization, began administering antiretroviral therapy (ART) to its patients. This practice transformed HIV from a fatal disease to a more manageable chronic condition. However, relatively few studies focus on the experiences of survivors. This study provided a unique opportunity to interview patients who survived at least 10 years after being treated with ART at GHESKIO. The goal of the study was to elicit from patients their perspectives on what enabled them to survive with AIDS...
March 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279864/prevalence-and-determinants-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-street-children-survivors-of-the-2010-earthquake-in-haiti-four-years-after
#18
Daniel Derivois, Jude Mary Cénat, Nephtalie Eva Joseph, Amira Karray, Khadija Chahraoui
Working with street children and adolescents who lived through the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, this paper aims to assess the prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression in relation to peritraumatic distress, and age, and to explore other risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics, four years after the events. Between March and June 2014, with a sample of 128 children and adolescents (120 boys and 8 girls) aged between 7 and 18, of an average age of 13.88 (SD=2.15), all living on the streets of Port-au-Prince, we used the following scales: the Trauma Exposure (TE), the Life Events Subscale of the CAPS; the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI); the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) and the Children Depression Inventory (CDI); (BAI)...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264045/art-attrition-and-risk-factors-among-option-b-patients-in-haiti-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Nancy Puttkammer, Jean Wysler Domerçant, Michelle Adler, Krista Yuhas, Martine Myrtil, Paul Young, Kesner François, Reynold Grand'Pierre, David Lowrance
OBJECTIVES: In October 2012, the Haitian Ministry of Health endorsed the "Option B+" strategy to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and achieve HIV epidemic control. The objective of this paper is to assess and identify risk factors for attrition from the national ART program among Option B+ patients in the 12 months after ART initiation. DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included patients newly initiating ART from October 2012-August 2013 at 68 ART sites covering 45% of all newly enrolled ART patients in all regions of Haiti...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250531/assessing-the-quality-of-primary-care-in-haiti
#20
Anna D Gage, Hannah H Leslie, Asaf Bitton, J Gregory Jerome, Roody Thermidor, Jean Paul Joseph, Margaret E Kruk
OBJECTIVE: To develop a composite measure of primary care quality and apply it to Haiti's primary care system. METHODS: Using the Primary Health Care Performance Initiative's framework, we defined four domains of primary care service delivery: (i) accessible care; (ii) effective service delivery; (iii) management and organization; and (iv) primary care functions. We gave each primary care facility in Haiti a quality score for each domain and overall, with poor, fair and good quality indicated by scores of 0...
March 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
keyword
keyword
2643
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"