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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207792/partnering-for-impact-integrated-transmission-assessment-surveys-for-lymphatic-filariasis-soil-transmitted-helminths-and-malaria-in-haiti
#1
Alaine Kathryn Knipes, Jean Frantz Lemoine, Franck Monestime, Carl R Fayette, Abdel N Direny, Luccene Desir, Valery E Beau de Rochars, Thomas G Streit, Kristen Renneker, Brian K Chu, Michelle A Chang, Kimberly E Mace, Kimberly Y Won, Patrick J Lammie
BACKGROUND: Since 2001, Haiti's National Program for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (NPELF) has worked to reduce the transmission of LF through annual mass drug administration with diethylcarbamazine and albendazole. The NPELF reached full national coverage with MDA for LF in 2012, and by 2014, a total of 14 evaluation units (48 communes) had met WHO eligibility criteria to conduct LF transmission assessment surveys (TAS) to determine whether prevalence had been reduced to below a threshold, such that transmission is assumed to be no longer sustainable...
February 16, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207688/transmission-of-zika-virus-haiti-october-12-2015-september-10-2016
#2
Ito Journel, Lesly L Andrécy, Dudley Metellus, Jean S Pierre, Rose Murka Faublas, Stanley Juin, Amber M Dismer, David L Fitter, Daniel Neptune, Marie José Laraque, Salomon Corvil, Manise Pierre, Josiane Buteau, Donald Lafontant, Roopal Patel, Jean Frantz Lemoine, David W Lowrance, Macarthur Charles, Jacques Boncy, Paul Adrien
Zika virus disease is caused by infection with a flavivirus with broad geographic distribution and is most frequently transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease was first identified in the World Health Organization's Region of the Americas in 2015 and was followed by a surge in reported cases of congenital microcephaly in Brazil; Zika virus disease rapidly spread to the rest of the region and the Caribbean (1), including Haiti. Infection with the virus is associated with adverse fetal outcomes (1) and rare neurologic complications in adults...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192523/bead-based-immunoassay-allows-sub-picogram-detection-of-histidine-rich-protein-2-from-plasmodium-falciparum-and-estimates-reliability-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests
#3
Eric Rogier, Mateusz Plucinski, Naomi Lucchi, Kimberly Mace, Michelle Chang, Jean Frantz Lemoine, Baltazar Candrinho, James Colborn, Rafael Dimbu, Filomeno Fortes, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar, John Barnwell
Detection of histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2) from the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum provides evidence for active or recent infection, and is utilized for both diagnostic and surveillance purposes, but current laboratory immunoassays for HRP2 are hindered by low sensitivities and high costs. Here we present a new HRP2 immunoassay based on antigen capture through a bead-based system capable of detecting HRP2 at sub-picogram levels. The assay is highly specific and cost-effective, allowing fast processing and screening of large numbers of samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162117/setting-foundations-for-developing-disaster-response-metrics
#4
Mahshid Abir, Sue Anne Bell, Neha Puppala, Osama Awad, Melinda Moore
There are few reported efforts to define universal disaster response performance measures. Careful examination of responses to past disasters can inform the development of such measures. As a first step toward this goal, we conducted a literature review to identify key factors in responses to 3 recent events with significant loss of human life and economic impact: the 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake; the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Using the PubMed (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD) database, we identified 710 articles and retained 124 after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 6, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152996/quality-and-uptake-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-in-haiti
#5
Kelsey R Mirkovic, Eva Lathrop, Erin N Hulland, Reginald Jean-Louis, Daniel Lauture, Ghislaine Desinor D'Alexis, Endang Hanzel, Reynold Grand-Pierre
BACKGROUND: Despite improvement, maternal mortality in Haiti remains high at 359/100,000 live births. Improving access to high quality antenatal and postnatal care has been shown to reduce maternal mortality and improve newborn outcomes. Little is known regarding the quality and uptake of antenatal and postnatal care among Haitian women. METHODS: Exit interviews were conducted with all pregnant and postpartum women seeking care from large health facilities (n = 10) in the Nord and Nord-Est department and communes of St...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146335/women-s-and-healthcare-workers-beliefs-and-experiences-surrounding-abortion-the-case-of-haiti
#6
Laura Dean Albuja, Rosina Cianelli, Debbie Anglade, Brenda Owusu, Laly Joseph, Sonique Sailsman, Lilian Ferrer
PURPOSE: Women in developing countries usually encounter serious inequities in terms of women's health. To date, there is limited understanding of abortion from the perspective of Haitian women. As a limited-resource country, Haiti faces complex social issues and healthcare challenges. With abortion being illegal, many adult and teenage women seek clandestine abortions. The aim of this study was to explore and gain a greater understanding of women's and healthcare workers' beliefs and experiences about abortion in Haiti...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134005/chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-trichomonas-vaginalis-screening-and-treatment-of-pregnant-women-in-port-au-prince-haiti
#7
Claire C Bristow, Patricia Mathelier, Oksana Ocheretina, Daphne Benoit, Jean W Pape, Adriane Wynn, Jeffrey D Klausner
In Haiti, routine screening for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among pregnant women is not conducted; yet these sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with adverse birth and newborn health outcomes. We aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibility of screening and the prevalence of STIs among pregnant women in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Pregnant women of at least 18 years of age who attend Haitian Study Group for Kaposi's sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO) clinics in Port-au-Prince, Haiti provided self-collected vaginal swab specimens...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133773/emotions-and-beliefs-after-a-disaster-a-comparative-analysis-of-haiti-and-indonesia
#8
Erin O'Connell, Roger P Abbott, Robert S White
A number of studies have examined emotional and belief responses following a disaster, yet there has been limited comparative analysis of responses to disasters in different places. This paper reviews the results of 366 questionnaires that evaluated key emotional and belief concepts in Haiti after the earthquake on 12 January 2010 (n=212) and in Indonesia after the earthquake in Yogyakarta on 27 May 2006 (n=154). The results indicate significant differences between the responses in the two settings, particularly in relation to feelings of impunity, self-blame for the disaster, regret about pre-earthquake behaviour, and a sense of justice in the world...
January 30, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129137/tracking-disease-digital-epidemiology-offers-new-promise-in-predicting-outbreaks
#9
Mary Bates
On 19 October 2010, ten months after a devastating earthquake hit Haiti, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP) was notified of a sudden surge in patients suffering from watery diarrhea and dehydration. Two days later, the Haiti National Public Health Laboratory identified the culprit: Vibrio cholerae. On 22 October, officials announced the first cholera outbreak in Haiti in more than a century.
January 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120949/extent-of-night-warming-and-spatially-heterogeneous-cloudiness-differentiate-temporal-trend-of-greenness-in-mountainous-tropics-in-the-new-century
#10
Mei Yu, Qiong Gao, Chunxiao Gao, Chao Wang
Tropical forests have essential functions in global C dynamics but vulnerable to changes in land cover land use (LCLUC) and climate. The tropics of Caribbean are experiencing warming and drying climate and diverse LCLUC. However, large-scale studies to detect long-term trends of C and mechanisms behind are still rare. Using MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI), we investigated greenness trend in the Greater Antilles Caribbean during 2000-2015, and analyzed trend of vegetation patches without LCLUC to give prominence to climate impacts...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110630/healthcare-waste-management-during-disasters-and-its-effects-on-climate-change-lessons-from-2010-earthquake-and-cholera-tragedies-in-haiti
#11
Emilia M Raila, David O Anderson
Despite growing effects of human activities on climate change throughout the world, and global South in particular, scientists are yet to understand how poor healthcare waste management practices in an emergency influences the climate change. This article presents new findings on climate change risks of healthcare waste disposal during and after the 2010 earthquake and cholera disasters in Haiti. The researchers analysed quantities of healthcare waste incinerated by the United Nations Mission in Haiti for 60 months (2009 to 2013)...
January 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109483/otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-in-a-low-income-country-the-haitian-experience
#12
Maxwell P Kligerman, Anahuma Alexandre, Patrick Jean-Gilles, David Walmer, Mack L Cheney, Anna H Messner
OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric surgical conditions of the head and neck in low-income countries. Haiti, the western hemisphere's poorest country, recently developed its first Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) department at the Hopital de L'Universite d'Etat d'Haiti (HUEH). This manuscript assesses the caseload at HUEH with a special emphasis on pediatric cases, with the aim of characterizing ORL related conditions and their treatments in low-income countries...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101561/wheelchair-donation-in-a-low-resources-setting-utilization-challenges-and-benefits-of-wheelchairs-provided-through-a-specialized-seating-programme-in-haiti
#13
Emma Sumner, Colleen O'Connell, Brenda MacAlpine
OBJECTIVE: To describe a 6-month follow-up of a specialized paediatric wheelchair and seating programme in Haiti. DESIGN: Descriptive design using a structured survey and open-ended questions. METHODS: Concurrent with a seating and wheelchair programme conducted in northern Haiti, beneficiaries and their families were introduced to the study, and 86 of 91 consented to future contact. A survey was developed with input from international and local partners, and administered by face-to-face or telephone interviews...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086983/mailed-hpv-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-underserved-minority-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Erin Kobetz, Julia Seay, Anthony Amofah, Larry Pierre, Jordan Baeker Bispo, Dinah Trevil, Martha Gonzalez, Martine Poitevien, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Underserved ethnic minority women experience significant disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality, mainly due to lack of cervical cancer screening. Barriers to Pap smear screening include lack of knowledge, lack of health insurance and access, and cultural beliefs regarding disease prevention. In our previous SUCCESS trial, we demonstrated that HPV self-sampling delivered by a community health worker (CHW) is efficacious in circumventing these barriers. This approach increased screening uptake relative to navigation to Pap smear screening...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081124/rapid-genotyping-of-%C3%AE-tubulin-polymorphisms-in-trichuris-trichiura-and-ascaris-lumbricoides
#15
Nour Rashwan, Marilyn Scott, Roger Prichard
BACKGROUND: The benzimidazole (BZ) anthelmintics, albendazole (ABZ) and mebendazole (MBZ) are the most common drugs used for treatment of soil-transmitted helminths (STHs). Their intensive use increases the possibility that BZ resistance may develop. In veterinary nematodes, BZ resistance is caused by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the β-tubulin isotype 1 gene at codon position 200, 167 or 198, and these SNPs have also been correlated with poor response of human Trichuris trichiura to BZ treatment...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073713/the-french-muskoka%C3%A2-fund-origin-objectives-and-implementation
#16
S Aboubaker, C Grimaldi
Through its Priority Solidarity Fund, France set up a partnership with four United Nations agencies, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and UN WOMEN for the years 2011-2015 with an annual budget of 19 M €. An additional sixth year supplementary is underway. The program was developed through a common framework of actions coordinated and harmonized at the level of the target countries: integrated management of childhood diseases, mother-child nutrition, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum follow-up, sexual and reproductive health, and adolescent health...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059447/the-crisis-map-of-the-czech-republic-the-nationwide-deployment-of-an-ushahidi-application-for-disasters
#17
Jiří Pánek, Lukáš Marek, Vít Pászto, Jaroslav Valůch
Crisis mapping is a legitimate component of both crisis informatics and disaster risk management. It has become an effective tool for humanitarian workers, especially after the earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Ushahidi is among the many mapping platforms on offer in the growing field of crisis mapping, and involves the application of crowdsourcing to create online and interactive maps of areas in turmoil. This paper presents the Crisis Map of the Czech Republic, which is the first such instrument to be deployed nationwide in Central Europe...
January 6, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007529/application-of-a-paper-based-device-containing-a-new-culture-medium-to-detect-vibrio-cholerae-in-water-samples-collected-in-haiti
#18
REVIEW
Romain Briquaire, Rita R Colwell, Jacques Boncy, Emmanuel Rossignol, Aline Dardy, Isabelle Pandini, François Villeval, Jean-Louis Machuron, Anwar Huq, Shah Rashed, Thierry Vandevelde, Christine Rozand
Cholera is now considered to be endemic in Haiti, often with increased incidence during rainy seasons. The challenge of cholera surveillance is exacerbated by the cost of sample collection and laboratory analysis. A diagnostic tool is needed that is low cost, easy-to-use, and able to detect and quantify Vibrio cholerae accurately in water samples within 18-24h, and perform reliably in remote settings lacking laboratory infrastructure and skilled staff. The two main objectives of this study were to develop and evaluate a new culture medium embedded in a new diagnostic tool (PAD for paper based analytical device) for detecting Vibrio cholerae from water samples collected in Haiti...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005920/fortified-snack-reduced-anemia-in-rural-school-aged-children-of-haiti-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Lora Iannotti, Sherlie Jean-Louis Dulience, Saminetha Joseph, Charmayne Cooley, Teresa Tufte, Katherine Cox, Jacob Eaton, Jacques Raymond Delnatus, Patricia B Wolff
BACKGROUND: Nutrition in the school-aged child matters for brain development and public policy investments globally. Our group previously conducted a trial in urban schools of Haiti to examine the effects of a fortified peanut butter snack, Vita Mamba, with limited findings for anemia. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test the hypothesis that Vita Mamba, with systematic deworming in both study arms, would significantly reduce anemia among rural, school-aged children. METHODS: A cluster, randomized longitudinal study was conducted in two rural communities of the North-East Department of Haiti, 2014-2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997475/diabetes-among-people-with-tuberculosis-hiv-infection-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-and-stds-in-new-york-city-2006-2010
#20
Ann Drobnik, Alexander Breskin, Jennifer Fuld, Christine Chan, James Hadler, Bahman Tabaei, Natalie Stennis, Shama Ahuja, Winfred Wu, Jay K Varma
Matching infectious disease surveillance data has become a routine activity for many health departments. With the increasing focus on chronic disease, it is also useful to explore opportunities to match infectious and chronic disease surveillance data. To understand the burden of diabetes in New York City (NYC), adults with select infectious diseases (tuberculosis, HIV infection, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, and syphilis) reported between 2006 and 2010 were matched with hemoglobin A1c results reported in the same period...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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