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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147054/service-readiness-of-health-facilities-in-bangladesh-haiti-kenya-malawi-namibia-nepal-rwanda-senegal-uganda-and-the-united-republic-of-tanzania
#1
Hannah H Leslie, Donna Spiegelman, Xin Zhou, Margaret E Kruk
Objective: To evaluate the service readiness of health facilities in Bangladesh, Haiti, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Rwanda, Senegal, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Methods: Using existing data from service provision assessments of the health systems of the 10 study countries, we calculated a service readiness index for each of 8443 health facilities. This index represents the percentage availability of 50 items that the World Health Organization considers essential for providing health care...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145475/mapping-three-dimensional-surface-deformation-caused-by-the-2010-haiti-earthquake-using-advanced-satellite-radar-interferometry
#2
Hyung-Sup Jung, Soo-Min Hong
Mapping three-dimensional (3D) surface deformation caused by an earthquake is very important for the environmental, cultural, economic and social sustainability of human beings. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems made it possible to measure precise 3D deformations by combining SAR interferometry (InSAR) and multiple aperture interferometry (MAI). In this paper, we retrieve the 3D surface deformation field of the 2010 Haiti earthquake which occurred on January 12, 2010 by a magnitude 7.0 Mw by using the advanced interferometric technique that integrates InSAR and MAI data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142787/sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks-among-haitian-medical-students
#3
Diana M Rosenthal, Donaldson F Conserve, Dodley Severe, Michaele A Gedeon, Ferdinand Zizi, Georges Casimir, Samy I McFarlane, Girardin Jean Louis
Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder that disproportionately affects blacks and has been previously studied among Caribbean-born blacks in Brooklyn, New York, but there has been negligible research in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, and developing countries on this pressing health issue. A total of 373 medical students (mean age=20.6 years ± 2.3 years) from a medical school in Haiti participated in this study. Participants were administered a questionnaire assessing their sleep health and cardiovascular outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138650/evaluation-of-antibiotic-self-medication-among-outpatients-of-the-state-university-hospital-of-port-au-prince-haiti-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Kenny Moise, Joseph Junior Bernard, Jean Hugues Henrys
In Haiti, where all drugs are available over the counter, self-medication with antibiotics appears as a common practice. Inappropriate use of beta-lactams and macrolides is likely to contribute to the development of antimicrobial resistance. This study aimed to (i) assess the extent of self-medication with antibiotics, (ii) explore the contributing factors (age, gender and educational background) and (iii) identify specific antibiotic drug classes used among patients attending the outpatient clinic of the State University Hospital of Port-au-Prince...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137524/making-the-most-of-microfinance-networks
#5
Margaret K Saunders
Together, data scientists and microfinance institutions are bringing vital health products to Haiti's rural communities.
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137512/microfinance-institutions-successful-delivery-of-micronutrient-powders-a-randomized-trial-in-rural-haiti
#6
Aaron Baum, Wesly Elize, Florence Jean-Louis
Globally, two-thirds of child deaths could be prevented by increased provision of health interventions such as vaccines, micronutrient supplements, and water purification tablets. We report the results from a randomized controlled trial in Haiti during 2012 that tested whether microfinance institutions-which reach 200 million households worldwide-can effectively deliver health products. These institutions provide loans to underserved entrepreneurs, primarily poor women in rural areas. In the intervention group, micronutrient powders to improve the nutrition of young children were distributed at regularly occurring microfinance meetings by a trained borrower...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115966/malaria-surveys-using-rapid-diagnostic-tests-and-validation-of-results-using-post-hoc-quantification-of-plasmodium-falciparum-histidine-rich-protein-2
#7
Mateusz Plucinski, Rafael Dimbu, Baltazar Candrinho, James Colborn, Aida Badiane, Daouda Ndiaye, Kimberly Mace, Michelle Chang, Jean F Lemoine, Eric S Halsey, John W Barnwell, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar, Michael Aidoo, Eric Rogier
BACKGROUND: Rapid diagnostic test (RDT) positivity is supplanting microscopy as the standard measure of malaria burden at the population level. However, there is currently no standard for externally validating RDT results from field surveys. METHODS: Individuals' blood concentration of the Plasmodium falciparum histidine rich protein 2 (HRP2) protein were compared to results of HRP2-detecting RDTs in participants from field surveys in Angola, Mozambique, Haiti, and Senegal...
November 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112856/the-experience-of-violence-against-children-in-domestic-servitude-in-haiti-results-from-the-violence-against-children-survey-haiti-2012
#8
Leah Gilbert, Avid Reza, James Mercy, Veronica Lea, Juliette Lee, Likang Xu, Louis Herns Marcelin, Marisa Hast, John Vertefeuille, Jean Wysler Domercant
BACKGROUND: There have been estimates that over 150,000 Haitian children are living in servitude. Child domestic servants who perform unpaid labor are referred to as "restavèks." Restavèks are often stigmatized, prohibited from attending school, and isolated from family placing them at higher risk for experiencing violence. In the absence of national data on the experiences of restavèks in Haiti, the study objective was to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of restavèks in Haiti and to assess their experiences of violence in childhood...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099119/el-an%C3%A3-lisis-molecular-de-la-secuencia-del-genoma-completo-de-aislados-cl%C3%A3-nicos-de-vibrio-cholerae-en-m%C3%A3-xico-en-2013-revela-la-presencia-de-la-cepa-causante-de-la-epidemia-de-hait%C3%A3-en-2010
#9
José Alberto Díaz-Quiñonez
La primera semana de septiembre de 2013, el Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica identificó dos casos de cólera en Ciudad de México. Los cultivos de ambas muestras se confirmaron como Vibrio cholerae serogrupo O1, serotipo Ogawa, biotipo El Tor. Los análisis iniciales por electroforesis por campos pulsados y por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa indicaron que ambas cepas eran similares, pero diferentes de las previamente reportadas en México. La semana siguiente se identificaron cuatro casos más en una comunidad del Estado de Hidalgo, ubicada a 121 kilómetros al noreste de Ciudad de México...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091945/laboratory-evaluation-of-immunochromatographic-rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-cholera-in-haiti
#10
Wilfredo R Matias, Fabrice E Julceus, Cademil Abelard, Leslie M Mayo-Smith, Molly F Franke, Jason B Harris, Louise C Ivers
BACKGROUND: Rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) for cholera are promising tools for detecting cholera in areas with limited laboratory infrastructure. However, evidence on the characteristics of the many available RDTs is scarce, and their use has been limited by suboptimal performance. We evaluated the performance characteristics of three cholera RDTs from Span Diagnostics, Artron Laboratories, and Standard Diagnostics in a regional laboratory in Haiti. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We retrospectively reviewed records from May 2014 to October 2015 of a laboratory-based surveillance program for Vibrio cholerae at Hôpital Saint-Nicolas in Saint-Marc, Haiti...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076548/citizen-participation-in-disaster-recovery-projects-and-programmes-in-rural-communities-a-comparison-of-the-haiti-earthquake-and-hurricane-katrina
#11
Loretta Pyles, Juliana Svistova, Suran Ahn, Tom Birkland
This study investigates predictors of local participation in recovery projects and programmes following Hurricane Katrina in the United States in 2005 and the earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Using two sets of survey data, it examines whether disaster impacts and social capital (social trust and civic engagement) are associated with disaster recovery participation and compares predictors of such engagement in the two locations. Multivariate logistic regression results reveal that physical injuries, limited community mobility, and government trust increase recovery participation in Haiti (n=278), whereas emotional distress and homeownership decrease it...
October 27, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067894/mansonella-ozzardi-and-its-vectors-in-the-new-world-an-update-with-emphasis-on-the-current-situation-in-haiti
#12
C P Raccurt
Mansonella ozzardi (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) is a little studied filarial nematode. This human parasite, transmitted by two families of dipteran vectors, biting midges (most of them members of the genus Culicoides) and blackflies (genus Simulium), is endemic to the Neotropical regions of the New World. With a patchy geographical distribution from southern Mexico to north-western Argentina, human infection with M. ozzardi is highly prevalent in some of the Caribbean islands, along riverine communities in the Amazon Basin, and on both sides of the border between Bolivia and Argentina...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064365/trends-in-tuberculosis-case-notification-and-treatment-success-haiti-2010-2015
#13
Macarthur Charles, Milo Richard, Patrice Joseph, Margarette R Bury, Georges Perrin, Frantz Jean Louis, David L Fitter, Barbara J Marston, Varough Deyde, Jacques Boncy, Willy Morose, Jean W Pape, David W Lowrance
Since the 2010 earthquake, tuberculosis (TB) control has been a major priority for health sector response and recovery efforts in Haiti. The goal of this study was to analyze trends in TB case notification in Haiti from the aggregate data reported by the National TB Control Program to understand the effects of such efforts. A total of 95,745 TB patients were registered for treatment in Haiti between 2010 and 2015. Three regions, the West, Artibonite, and North departments accounted for 68% of the TB cases notified during the period...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064364/translating-research-into-reality-elimination-of-lymphatic-filariasis-from-haiti
#14
Patrick J Lammie, Mark L Eberhard, David G Addiss, Kimberly Y Won, Madsen Beau de Rochars, Abdel N Direny, Marie Denise Milord, Jack Guy Lafontant, Thomas G Streit
Research provides the essential foundation of disease elimination programs, including the global program to eliminate lymphatic filariasis (GPELF). The development and validation of new diagnostic tools and intervention strategies, critical steps in the evolution of GPELF, required a global effort. Lymphatic filariasis research in Haiti involved many partners and was directly linked to the development of the national elimination program and to the success achieved to date. Ongoing research efforts involving many partners will continue to be important in resolving the challenges faced by the program today in its final efforts to achieve elimination...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064363/the-health-impact-of-rabies-in-haiti-and-recent-developments-on-the-path-toward-elimination-2010-2015
#15
Ryan Wallace, Melissa Etheart, Fleurinord Ludder, Pierre Augustin, Natael Fenelon, Richard Franka, Kelly Crowdis, Patrick Dely, Paul Adrien, J Pierre-Louis, Modupe Osinubi, Lillian Orciari, Marco Vigilato, Jesse Blanton, Roopal Patel, David Lowrance, Andrecy Liverdieu, Andre Coetzer, John Boone, Joanne Lindenmayer, M Millien
Haiti, a Caribbean country of 10.5 million people, is estimated to have the highest burden of canine-mediated human rabies deaths in the Western Hemisphere, and one of the highest rates of human rabies deaths in the world. Haiti is also the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and has numerous economic and health priorities that compete for rabies-control resources. As a result, primary rabies-control actions, including canine vaccination programs, surveillance systems for human and animal rabies, and appropriate postbite treatment, have not been fully implemented at a national scale...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064362/cost-evaluation-of-a-government-conducted-oral-cholera-vaccination-campaign-haiti-2013
#16
Janell A Routh, Nandini Sreenivasan, Bishwa B Adhikari, Lesly L Andrecy, Margarette Bernateau, Taiwo Abimbola, Joseph Njau, Ernsley Jackson, Stanley Juin, Jeannot Francois, Rania A Tohme, Martin I Meltzer, Mark A Katz, Eric D Mintz
The devastating 2010 cholera epidemic in Haiti prompted the government to introduce oral cholera vaccine (OCV) in two high-risk areas of Haiti. We evaluated the direct costs associated with the government's first vaccine campaign implemented in August-September 2013. We analyzed data for major cost categories and assessed the efficiency of available campaign resources to vaccinate the target population. For a target population of 107,906 persons, campaign costs totaled $624,000 and 215,295 OCV doses were dispensed...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064361/strengthening-national-disease-surveillance-and-response-haiti-2010-2015
#17
Stanley Juin, Nicolas Schaad, Donald Lafontant, Gerard A Joseph, Ezra Barzilay, Jacques Boncy, Robert Barrais, Frantz Jean Louis, Nadia Lapierre Jean Charles, Salomon Corvil, Nickolsno Barthelemy, Amber Dismer, Jean Samuel Pierre, Roodly W Archer, Mayer Antoine, Barbara Marston, Mark Katz, Patrick Dely, Paul Adrien, David L Fitter, David Lowrance, Roopal Patel
Haiti's health system has faced many challenges over the years, with competing health priorities in the context of chronic financial and human resource limitations. As a result, the existing notifiable disease surveillance system was unable to provide the most basic epidemiologic data for public health decision-making and action. In the wake of the January 2010 earthquake, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population collaborated with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Pan American Health Organization, and other local and international partners to implement a functional national surveillance system...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064360/haiti-s-commitment-to-malaria-elimination-progress-in-the-face-of-challenges-2010-2016
#18
Jean Frantz Lemoine, Jacques Boncy, Scott Filler, S Patrick Kachur, David Fitter, Michelle A Chang
Haiti is committed to malaria elimination by 2020. Following a 2010 earthquake and cholera epidemic, Haiti capitalized on investments in its health system to refocus on malaria elimination. Efforts, including expanding diagnostics, ensuring efficacy of standard treatments, building institutional capacity, and strengthening surveillance were undertaken to complement the broad health system strengthening activities. These efforts led to the adoption and scale-up of malaria rapid diagnostic tests as a diagnostic modality...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064359/applying-a-new-framework-for-public-health-systems-recovery-following-emergencies-and-disasters-the-example-of-haiti-following-a-major-earthquake-and-cholera-outbreak
#19
David L Fitter, Daphnée Benoit Delson, Florence D Guillaume, Angela Wood Schaad, Daphne B Moffett, Jean-Luc Poncelet, David Lowrance, Richard Gelting
Emergencies can often directly impact health systems of an affected region or country, especially in resource-constrained areas. Health system recovery following an emergency is a complex and dynamic process. Health system recovery efforts have often been structured around the World Health Organization's health systems building blocks as demonstrated by the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment. Although this structure is valuable and well known, it can overlook the intricacies of public health systems. We retrospectively examine public health systems recovery, a subset of the larger health system, following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and cholera outbreak, through the lens of the 10 essential public health services...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064358/public-health-progress-in-haiti
#20
David W Lowrance, Jordan W Tappero, Jean Luc Poncelet, Carissa Etienne, Thomas R Frieden, Daphne Delsoins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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