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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334618/exploring-masculinities-sexual-health-and-wellbeing-across-areas-of-high-deprivation-in-scotland-the-depth-of-the-challenge-to-improve-understandings-and-practices
#1
Karen Lorimer, Lesley McMillan, Lisa McDaid, Dona Milne, Siân Russell, Kate Hunt
Within and across areas of high deprivation, we explored constructions of masculinity in relation to sexual health and wellbeing, in what we believe to be the first UK study to take this approach. Our sample of 116 heterosexual men and women age 18-40 years took part in individual semi-structured interviews (n = 35) and focus group discussions (n = 18), across areas in Scotland. Drawing on a socio-ecological framework, findings revealed experience in places matter, with gender practices rooted in a domestically violent milieu, where localised, socio-cultural influences offered limited opportunities for more egalitarian performances of masculinity...
January 12, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334615/hemodynamic-and-metabolic-responses-to-self-paced-and-ramp-graded-exercise-testing-protocols
#2
Nicholas M Beltz, Fabiano Amorim, Ann L Gibson, Jeffrey M Janot, Len Kravitz, Christine M Mermier, Nathan Cole, Terence A Moriarty, Tony P Nunez, Sam Trigg, Lance Dalleck
PURPOSE: Recent examinations have shown lower maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) during traditional ramp (RAMP) compared to self-paced (SPV) graded exercise testing (GXT) attributed to differences in cardiac ouput. The current study examined the differences in hemodyamic and metabolic responses between RAMP and SPV during treadmill exercise. METHODS: Sixteen recreationally trained men (23.7±3.0 yrs) completed two separate treadmill GXT protocols. SPV consisted of five 2-min stages (10 min total) of increasing speed clamped by the Borg RPE6-20 scale...
January 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334610/phase-ii-study-of-dovitinib-in-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-kcsg-gu11-05
#3
Yoon Ji Choi, Hye Sook Kim, Se Hoon Park, Bong-Seog Kim, Kyoung Ha Kim, Hyo Jin Lee, Hong Suk Song, Dong-Yeop Shin, Ha Young Lee, Hoon-Gu Kim, Kyung Hee Lee, Jae Lyun Lee, Kyong Hwa Park
Purpose: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signals are important in carcinogenesis and progression of prostate cancer. Dovitinib is an oral, pan-class inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR). We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of dovitinib in men with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Materials and Methods: This study was a single-arm, phase II, open-label, multicenter trial of dovitinib 500mg/day (5-days-on/2-days-off schedule)...
January 2, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334607/geographical-variations-and-trends-in-major-cancer-incidences-throughout-korea-during-1999-2013
#4
Young-Joo Won, Kyu-Won Jung, Chang-Mo Oh, Eun-Hye Park, Hyun-Joo Kong, Duk Hyoung Lee, Kang Hyun Lee
Purpose: We aimed to describe the temporal trends and district-level geographical variations in cancer incidences throughout Korea during 1999-2013. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from the Korean National Cancer Incidence Database. We calculated the age-standardized cumulative cancer incidences according to sex and geographical region (metropolitan cities, provinces, and districts) for three 5-year periods (1999-2003, 2004-2008, and 2009-2013). Each quintile interval contained the same number of regions...
January 4, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334581/gender-and-muscle-specific-responses-during-fatiguing-exercise
#5
Ethan C Hill, Terry J Housh, Cory M Smith, Richard J Schmidt, Glen O Johnson
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine potential gender-related differences in electromyographic (EMG) and mechanomyographic (MMG) responses during submaximal, concentric, isokinetic, forearm flexion muscle contractions. Twelve men and twelve women performed concentric peak torque trials prior to (pretest) and following (posttest) a fatiguing exercise bout that consisted of 50 submaximal (65% of concentric peak torque), concentric, isokinetic (60°·s), forearm flexion muscle contractions. Surface EMG and MMG signals were simultaneously recorded from the biceps brachii and brachioradialis muscles...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334559/sex-differences-in-faculty-rank-among-academic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-in-2014
#6
Daniel M Blumenthal, Regan W Bergmark, Nikhila Raol, Jordan D Bohnen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Stacey T Gray
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in full professorship among a comprehensive, contemporary cohort of US academic surgeons. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous work demonstrates that women are less likely than men to be full professors in academic medicine, and in certain surgical subspecialties. Whether sex differences in academic rank exist across all surgical fields, and after adjustment for confounders, is not known. METHODS: A comprehensive list of surgeons with faculty appointments at US medical schools in 2014 was obtained from Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) faculty roster and linked to a comprehensive physician database from Doximity, an online physician networking website, which contained the following data for all physicians: sex, age, years since residency, publication number (total and first/last author), clinical trials participation, National Institutes of Health grants, and surgical subspecialty...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334547/quality-of-life-improvement-in-resource-limited-settings-after-one-year-of-second-line-antiretroviral-therapy-use-among-adult-men-and-women
#7
Thiago S Torres, Linda J Harrison, Alberto M La Rosa, Sandra W Cardoso, Lu Zheng, McNeil Ngongondo, Fatma Some, Umesh G Lalloo, Thando Mwelase, Ann C Collier, Michael D Hughes
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated improvement of quality of life (QoL) after one year of second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) use in resource-limited settings (RLS) among adult men and women, comparing two randomized treatment arms. DESIGN: ACTG A5273 was a randomized clinical trial of second-line ART comparing lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) + raltegravir (RAL) with LPV/r + nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) in participants failing a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-containing regimen at 15 sites in 9 RLS...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334543/seminoma-metastatic-to-the-orbit
#8
Jonathan J Dutton, Alan D Proia
PURPOSE: Seminomas are solid tumors in young men, but which rarely metastasize to the orbit. The authors review the known literature on seminoma metastatic to the orbit, and describe an additional case in a 33-year-old man. METHODS: A literature search was performed on the MEDLINE database using keywords "seminoma," "testicular germ-cell tumors," "testicular cancer," "testicular neoplasm," "orbital metastasis," and "germ-cell neoplasms." RESULTS: Malignant neoplasms of the testis account for only 1% of cancers in men...
January 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#9
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334504/bradykinin-receptors-gene-expression-in-white-adipose-tissue-in-nondiabetic-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Maria E Marketou, George Kochiadakis, Joanna Kontaraki, Evangelos Zacharis, Emmanouel Kanoupakis, Emmanouel Kallergis, Hercules Mavrakis, Panagiotis Tsiverdis, Dimitris Lempidakis, John Konstantinou, Konstantinos Fragkiadakis, Gregory Chlouverakis, Panos Vardas, Fragiskos Parthenakis
OBJECTIVES: Adipose tissue plays a key role in cardiovascular physiology. Kinin receptors are important determinant of the effect of adiposity on endothelial function and cardiovascular function. We examined the gene expression levels of kinin receptors in the subcutaneous white adipose tissue (sWAT) of nondiabetic patients with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 21 patients with CAD (13 men, age: 68±8 years) and 23 patients without CAD (15 men, age: 66±5 years) who underwent catheterization through the femoral route...
January 12, 2018: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334338/at-home-genital-nerve-stimulation-for-individuals-with-sci-and-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#11
Dennis J Bourbeau, Kenneth J Gustafson, Steven W Brose
OBJECTIVE: Neurogenic bladder dysfunction, including neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) is one of the most clinically significant problems for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), affecting health and quality of life. Genital nerve stimulation (GNS) can acutely inhibit NDO-related reflex bladder contractions and increase bladder capacity. However, it is unknown if GNS can improve urinary continence or help meet individuals' bladder management goals during sustained use, which is required for GNS to be clinically effective...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334331/transport-mobility-5%C3%A2-years-after-stroke-in-an-urban-setting
#12
Hanna C Persson, Helena Selander
Background People after stroke may have residual problems with mobility that can affect their independence and mode of transport. However, there is limited knowledge about transport mobility several years after stroke. Objective The objective was to survey the outdoor mobility and transportation in an urban setting five years post-stroke. Method This cross-sectional study was based on a mail survey focusing on long-term consequences after stroke. The survey comprises a set of self-evaluated questionnaires and was sent to 457 persons, of whom 281 responded (61...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334233/perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-older-african-americans-the-role-of-psychological-well-being
#13
Eunkyung Yoon, Corvell Coburn, Susie A Spence
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effect of perceived discrimination (both racial and non-racial) on the mental health of older African Americans and explore the buffering role of psychological well-being (purpose in life and self-acceptance). METHODS: Using an older African American subsample from the National Health Measurement Study (n = 397), multiple regression model by gender was used to estimate the effects of two types of discrimination (every day and lifetime) on SF-36 mental component and mediating role of two concepts of psychological well-being...
January 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334227/using-a-television-documentary-to-prevent-suicide-in-men-and-boys
#14
Marisa Schlichthorst, Kylie King, Matthew Spittal, Lennart Reifels, Andrea Phelps, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a documentary about masculinity and suicidality ( Man Up) could raise males' awareness of societal pressures to conform to masculine norms and influence their likelihood of connecting with their male friends and seeking help. METHODS: We conducted a repeat cross-sectional survey, posting versions of the survey online before and after Man Up was screened. RESULTS: 1287 male respondents completed the survey; 476 completed the pre-screening survey, 811 the post-screening survey (192 had not viewed Man Up, 619 had)...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334212/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-palomo-ivanissevich-and-laparoscopic-varicocelectomy-in-iranian-infertile-men-with-palpable-varicocele
#15
Kamal Hosseini, Masoumeh Nejatifar, Ali Kabir
Background: This study aimed to compare the effects of three commonly used varicocelectomy techniques namely, open retroperitoneal ligation (Palomo), open inguinal ligation (Ivanissevich) and laparoscopy, in Iranian infertile men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on 70 infertile men with palpable varicocele who underwent one of the varicocelectomy techniques namely, Palomo, Ivanissevich, or laparoscopy. Basic information about semen parameters were collected and registered prior to the surgery...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334202/lifestyle-related-factors-associated-with-reproductive-health-in-couples-seeking-fertility-treatments-results-of-a-pilot-study
#16
Marie-Lou Piché, Véronique Babineau, Julie Robitaille, Émilie Lachance, Stephanie-May Ruchat
Background: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger prospective cohort study, which will aim at determining the independent contribution of male and female lifestyle-related factors to assisted reproductive technology (ART) success. The study also examined whether couples seeking fertility treatments present lifestyle-related factors that may interfere with their reproductive health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study was conducted in a fertility clinic between May 2015 and February 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334178/factors-associated-with-perceived-accuracy-of-the-undetectable%C3%A2-%C3%A2-untransmittable-slogan-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-implications-for-messaging-scale-up-and-implementation
#17
H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has shown high efficacy of HIV treatment for reducing the risk of HIV transmission to sexual partners. As the efficacy of treatment as prevention (TasP) has proliferated, a new messaging campaign, Undetectable = Untransmittable, has been gaining popularity. The purpose of this paper was to assess factors associated with the perceived accuracy of this TasP messaging strategy among a large and diverse sample of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in order to inform subsequent efforts at large-scale and implementation of the HIV prevention message...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334157/elevated-sympathetic-vasomotor-outflow-in-response-to-increased-inspiratory-muscle-activity-during-exercise-is-less-in-young-women-compared-with-men
#18
Keisho Katayama, Joshua R Smith, Kanako Goto, Kaori Shimizu, Mitsuru Saito, Koji Ishida, Teruhiko Koike, Satoshi Iwase, Craig A Harms
We compared changes in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and cardiovascular variables during leg cycle exercise with increased inspiratory muscle resistance in men and women. We hypothesized that sympathetic vasomotor outflow during exercise with increased inspiratory resistance would be attenuated in young women compared with age-matched men. Eight women and seven men completed the study. The subjects performed two 10-min exercise bouts at 40% peak oxygen uptake using a cycle ergometer in a semirecumbent position [spontaneous breathing for 5 min and voluntary hyperventilation with or without inspiratory resistive breathing for 5 min (breathing frequency: 50 breaths min-1 with a 50% duty cycle, inspiratory resistance: 30% of maximal inspiratory pressure)]...
January 15, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334138/move-knife-tip-on-the-thoracic-aorta-a-high-risk-submucosal-tunneling-endoscopic-resection-ster-procedure-for-a-puzzle-submucosal-mass-in-esophagus-with-video
#19
Wengang Zhang, Ningli Chai, Enqiang Linghu
A 43-year-old men was found an esophageal submucosal mass at 26 cm from the incisors; and preoperative EUS suggested a leiomyoma in MP layer. STER1, 2 , deriving from POEM3, 4 , was performed, and an inverse T incision5 was carried out firstly. Subsequently, a submucosal tunnel was established extending to the distal esophagus; and a mass, covered with MP tissue, was discovered (Figure 1); particularly, the mass was going up and down rhythmically, and had soft touch; given the possibility of aorta compression or cyst, ECDUS was conducted and uncovered a homogeneous hypoechoic lesion, just against thoracic aorta (Figure 2)...
January 15, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334035/neural-correlates-of-ostracism-in-transgender-persons-living-according-to-their-gender-identity-a-potential-risk-marker-for-psychopathology
#20
Sven C Mueller, Katrien Wierckx, Sara Boccadoro, Guy T'Sjoen
BACKGROUND: Stigmatization in society carries a high risk for development of psychopathology. Transgender persons are at particularly high risk for such stigmatization and social rejection by others. However, the neural correlates of ostracism in this group have not been captured. METHOD: Twenty transgender men (TM, female-to-male) and 19 transgender women (TW, male-to-female) already living in their gender identity and 20 cisgender men (CM) and 20 cisgender women (CW) completed a cyberball task assessing both exclusion and re-inclusion during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
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