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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724952/global-alterations-in-areas-of-suitability-for-maize-production-from-climate-change-and-using-a-mechanistic-species-distribution-model-climex
#1
Nadiezhda Y Z Ramirez-Cabral, Lalit Kumar, Farzin Shabani
At the global level, maize is the third most important crop on the basis of harvested area. Given its importance, an assessment of the variation in regional climatic suitability under climate change is critical. CliMond 10' data were used to model the potential current and future climate distribution of maize at the global level using the CLIMEX distribution model with climate data from two general circulation models, CSIRO-Mk3.0 and MIROC-H, assuming an A2 emissions scenario for 2050 and 2100. The change in area under future climate was analysed at continental level and for major maize-producing countries of the world...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724822/an-unusual-presentation-of-lacrimal-gland-dirofilariasis
#2
Amit Sethi, Vani Puri, Natasha Dogra
Dirofilariasis is a helminthic infection caused by filarial parasite of the genus Dirofilaria. It is a common zoonotic disease mostly affecting canines and uncommon in humans. It is endemic to Mediterranean countries, with few reports from other parts of the world. The clinical forms in humans are pulmonary, subcutaneous, and ocular. Ocular involvement is rare. We report a case of lacrimal gland dirofilariasis, an unusual ocular presentation which masquerades as a lacrimal gland tumor. Ours would be the third reported case in the world and first in India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720799/reduced-ultrafine-particle-levels-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-s-atmosphere-during-shifts-from-gasoline-to-ethanol-use
#3
Alberto Salvo, Joel Brito, Paulo Artaxo, Franz M Geiger
Despite ethanol's penetration into urban transportation, observational evidence quantifying the consequence for the atmospheric particulate burden during actual, not hypothetical, fuel-fleet shifts, has been lacking. Here we analyze aerosol, meteorological, traffic, and consumer behavior data and find, empirically, that ambient number concentrations of 7-100-nm diameter particles rise by one-third during the morning commute when higher ethanol prices induce 2 million drivers in the real-world megacity of São Paulo to substitute to gasoline use (95% confidence intervals: +4,154 to +13,272 cm(-3))...
July 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720444/characterization-of-a-spray-dried-candidate-hpv-l2-vlp-vaccine-stored-for-multiple-years-at-room-temperature
#4
Julianne Peabody, Pavan Muttil, Bryce Chackerian, Ebenezer Tumban
HPV infections are associated with human cancers. Although three prophylactic vaccines have been approved to protect against HPV infections, the vaccines require cold-chain storage and may not be suitable for third world countries with less developed refrigeration facilities. We previously developed a bacteriophage L2 virus-like particle (VLP)-based candidate vaccine, which elicited broadly protective antibodies against diverse HPV types. Spray-drying of MS2-16L2 VLPs into a dry powder enhanced the stability of these VLPs...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720089/analysis-of-the-association-between-millennium-development-goals-4-5-and-the-physician-workforce-across-international-economic-strata
#5
Christopher P Morley, Dongliang Wang, Emily M Mader, Kyle P Plante, Lindsey N Kingston, Azadeh Rabiei
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 international development goals voluntarily adopted by 189 nations. The goals included health related aims to reduce the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds (MDG4), and to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters (MDG5). To assess the relationship between the healthcare workforce and MDGs 4-5, we examined the physician workforces of countries around the globe, in terms of the Physician Density Level (PDL, or number of physicians per 1000 population), and compared this rate across a number of years to several indicator variables specified as markers of progress towards MDG4 and MDG5...
July 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717698/neuroblastoma-in-africa-a-survey-by-the-franco-african-pediatric-oncology-group
#6
Fousseyni Traoré, Francis Eshun, Boubacar Togo, Jean Jacques Atteby Yao, Mbuli Robert Lukamba
PURPOSE: Neuroblastoma is a sympathoadrenal lineage neural crest-derived tumor. It is the third most common childhood malignancy in the Western world. Studies from the United States show that black patients with neuroblastoma have a greater proportion of high-risk neuroblastoma with poorer prognosis compared with white patients. In Africa, there are few published data on the epidemiology and management of neuroblastoma. The primary aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic and therapeutic resources available for the management of neuroblastoma within the Franco-African Pediatric Oncology Group (GFAOP)...
August 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695447/regional-differences-in-the-incidence-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-in-finland
#7
Iiro Jalava, Liisa Pyysalo, Mikko Alanen, Oona Snicker, Juha Öhman, Antti Ronkainen
BACKGROUND: Over the years, the consensus has generally been that Finland is a country with a significantly high incidence of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) when compared to the rest of the world, excluding Japan. Most of the traditionally cited Finnish incidence studies are several decades old and have clear differences in their methodology and study design. The objective of this study was to determine the hospital-admitted incidence of aneurysmal SAH at Tampere University Hospital between 1990 and 2014...
July 11, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695274/real-world-clinical-experience-of-biological-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-malaysia-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#8
Bee Eng Tan, Ai Lee Lim, Sow Lai Kan, Chong Hong Lim, Esther Ee Ling Tsang, Shereen Suyin Ch'ng, Nadiah Mohd Noor, Nurulraziquin Mohd Jamid, Cheng Lay Teh, Rachel Joshua Thundyil, Yet Lin Loh, Hwee Cheng Chong, Swee Gaik Ong, Asmahan Mohamed Ismail, Yvonne Y L Lee, Suk Chyn Gun
The effect of biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in real-world clinical practice remains unknown in Southeast Asia. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of bDMARDs among Malaysian RA patients treated in routine clinical practice. A retrospective medical chart review of RA patients from 11 government hospitals were conducted from January 2003 to January 2014. A standardized questionnaire was used to abstract patient's demographic, clinical and treatment data...
July 10, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690131/country-regional-and-global-estimates-for-lactose-malabsorption-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Christian Løvold Storhaug, Svein Kjetil Fosse, Lars T Fadnes
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown wide variation in the prevalence of lactose malabsorption across the world, but no systematic reviews or meta-analyses have recently assessed the prevalence of lactose malabsorption in different geographical areas. We aimed to present an updated systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of lactose malabsorption in adults, by countries and regions, and to assess the variation between different testing methods. METHODS: Studies reporting on prevalence of lactose malabsorption and lactase persistence were identified by searching MEDLINE and Embase from database inception to Nov 2, 2016...
July 6, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689518/colon-cancer-screening-is-it-time-yet
#10
EDITORIAL
Hadi Bhurgri, Sami Samiullah
The month of March is dedicated to Colon Cancer Awareness. Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence has been on the rise. It is currently the third most common cancer in men (746,000 cases, 10.0% of the total) and the second in women (614,000 cases, 9.2% of the total).1 Arecent meta-analysis reported a 61% risk reduction in CRC incidence with colonoscopy.2 Unlike screening programs for breast and prostate cancers, not only has CRC screening reduced mortality from colon cancer and detected early CRC, it has also decreased the incidence of CRC through detection and removal of pre-cancerous lesions...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682894/the-cost-effectiveness-of-deep-brain-stimulation-for-patients-with-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
Woori Moon, Sung Nyun Kim, Sangmin Park, Sun Ha Paek, Jun Soo Kwon
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic neuropsychiatric disorder with a 2% to 3% lifetime prevalence; in addition, 10% of OCD patients are resistant to conventional therapy. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been an effective treatment for treatment resistant OCD patients (TROCD). We aimed to determine the cost-effectiveness of DBS for TROCD. METHODS: We used a Markov model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of DBS compared to conventional treatment for TROCD with a 10-year time horizon...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666480/trend-and-causes-of-adult-mortality-in-kersa-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-kersa-hdss-eastern-ethiopia-verbal-autopsy-method
#12
Wondimye Ashenafi, Frehywot Eshetu, Nega Assefa, Lemessa Oljira, Melkamu Dedefo, Desalew Zelalem, Negga Baraki, Melake Demena
BACKGROUND: The health problems of adults have been neglected in many developing countries, yet many studies in these countries show high rates of premature mortality in adults. Measuring adult mortality and its cause through verbal autopsy (VA) methods is becoming an important process for mortality estimates and is a good indicator of the overall mortality rates in resource-limited settings. The objective of this analysis is to describe the levels, distribution, and trends of adult mortality over time (2008-2013) and causes of adult deaths using VA in Kersa Health and Demographic Surveillance System (Kersa HDSS)...
July 1, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659652/young-child-poverty-in-the-united-states-analyzing-trends-in-poverty-and-the-role-of-anti-poverty-programs-using-the-supplemental-poverty-measure
#13
Jessica Pac, JaeHyun Nam, Jane Waldfogel, Christopher Wimer
Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. still face a much higher rate of poverty than do older children in the U.S. They also continue to have a much higher poverty rate than do young children in other developed countries around the world. In this paper, we provide a detailed analysis of trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs in addressing poverty among young children, using an improved measure of poverty, the Supplemental Poverty Measure...
March 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659546/focused-ultrasound-treatment-present-and-future
#14
Keiichi Abe, Takaomi Taira
The discovery that ultrasound waves could be focused inside the skull and heated to high temperatures at a focal point goes back to 1944. However, because the skull causes the ultrasound waves to attenuate and scatter, it was believed that application of this technology would be difficult, and that it would be impossible to use this approach in the surgical treatment of intracranial diseases. Eventually, magnetic resonance image guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) surgery began being used to treat uterine fibroids, breast cancer and bone metastasis and locally confined prostate cancer...
June 28, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658381/burden-of-disease-by-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-brazil-1990-to-2015-estimates-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#15
Ricardo de Amorim Corrêa, Bruno Piassi de São José, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Elisabeth Barboza França, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Paulo Augusto Moreira Camargos
Introduction: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) present significant incidence and mortality in the world. This article presents the impact of LRTIs in the burden of disease, according to the metrics used in the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 2015) for Brazil in 1990 and 2015. Methods: Analysis of estimates from the GBD 2015: years of life lost due to premature death (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost due to death or disability (DALYs = YLLs + YLDs)...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651631/in-which-developing-countries-are-patents-on-essential-medicines-being-filed
#16
Reed F Beall, Rosanne Blanchet, Amir Attaran
BACKGROUND: This article is based upon data gathered during a study conducted in partnership with the World Intellectual Property Organization on the patent status of products appearing on the World Health Organization's 2013 Model List of Essential Medicines (MLEM). It is a statistical analysis aimed at answering: in which developing countries are patents on essential medicines being filed? METHODS: Patent data were collected by linking those listed in the United States and Canada's medicine patent registers to corresponding patents in developing countries using two international patent databases (INPADOC and Derwent) via a commerical-grade patent search platform (Thomson Innovation)...
June 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639244/veterinary-public-health-in-italy-from-healthy-animals-to-healthy-food-contribution-to-improve-economy-in-developing-countries
#17
Margherita Cacaci, Rossella Colomba Lelli
The role of the veterinarian as a public health officer is intrinsic to the history and the culture of veterinary organization in Italy. The Veterinary service being part of the Health administration since the birth of the Italian State in the XIX Century. In the second half of the last century the birth of the Italian National Health Service confirmed that the function of the Italian veterinary service was to analyze and reduce the risks for the human population connected to the relationship man-animal-environment, animal health, food safety and security...
June 22, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636762/european-diabetes-research-and-its-funding-2002-2013
#18
M Begum, G Lewison, S Sommariva, O Ciani, R Tarricone, R Sullivan
AIM: This study examined the outputs of research papers in diabetes from 31 European countries between 2002 and 2013, and their funding. METHODS: Diabetes research papers in the Web of Science were identified by means of a filter based on journals and title words. For 2009-2013 papers, the funders were coded to show their sector and nationality. RESULTS: Europe published 40 547 diabetes papers in the 12 years between 2002 and 2013. Denmark, Sweden and Finland published the most relative to their wealth, but the UK published the most absolutely despite an apparently low burden (as measured by disability-adjusted life years)...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632739/validity-of-a-minimally-invasive-autopsy-tool-for-cause-of-death-determination-in-pediatric-deaths-in-mozambique-an-observational-study
#19
Quique Bassat, Paola Castillo, Miguel J Martínez, Dercio Jordao, Lucilia Lovane, Juan Carlos Hurtado, Tacilta Nhampossa, Paula Santos Ritchie, Sónia Bandeira, Calvino Sambo, Valeria Chicamba, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Fabiola Fernandes, Pau Cisteró, Alfredo Mayor, Anelsio Cossa, Inacio Mandomando, Mireia Navarro, Isaac Casas, Jordi Vila, Khátia Munguambe, Maria Maixenchs, Ariadna Sanz, Llorenç Quintó, Eusebio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Clara Menéndez, Jaume Ordi
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the world has witnessed unprecedented progress in child survival. However, our knowledge of what is killing nearly 6 million children annually in low- and middle-income countries remains poor, partly because of the inadequacy and reduced precision of the methods currently utilized in these settings to investigate causes of death (CoDs). The study objective was to validate the use of a minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) approach as an adequate and more acceptable substitute for the complete diagnostic autopsy (CDA) for pediatric CoD investigation in a poor setting...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630533/smoke-screen-the-globalization-of-production-transnational-lobbying-and-the-international-political-economy-of-plain-tobacco-packaging
#20
Louise Curran, Jappe Eckhardt
In 2012 Australia became the first country in the world to introduce plain tobacco packaging in an effort to reduce tobacco consumption. This move was vehemently opposed by the tobacco industry, which challenged it on several levels: nationally, bilaterally and multilaterally at the World Trade Organization (WTO). The political behavior of the tobacco companies in this case is puzzling both in terms of scale, operating at multiple levels at the same time and in terms of the countries mobilized in their defence...
2017: Rev Int Polit Econ
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