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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764114/accelerating-the-worldwide-adoption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes-strengthening-commitment-and-capacity-comment-on-the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#1
Phillip Baker, Alexandra Jones, Anne Marie Thow
In their recent article Roache and Gostin outline why governments and public health advocates should embrace soda taxes. The evidence is strong and continues to grow: such taxes can change consumer behavior, generate significant revenue and incentivize product reformulation. In essence, such taxes are an important and now well-established instrument of fiscal and public health policy. In this commentary we expand on their arguments by considering how the worldwide adoption of such taxes might be further accelerated...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760895/can-species-specific-prey-responses-to-chemical-cues-explain-prey-susceptibility-to-predation
#2
Marek Šmejkal, Daniel Ricard, Zuzana Sajdlová, Martin Čech, Lukáš Vejřík, Petr Blabolil, Ivana Vejříková, Marie Prchalová, Mojmír Vašek, Allan T Souza, Christer Brönmark, Jiří Peterka
The perception of danger represents an essential ability of prey for gaining an informational advantage over their natural enemies. Especially in complex environments or at night, animals strongly rely on chemoreception to avoid predators. The ability to recognize danger by chemical cues and subsequent adaptive responses to predation threats should generally increase prey survival. Recent findings suggest that European catfish ( Silurus glanis ) introduction induce changes in fish community and we tested whether the direction of change can be attributed to differences in chemical cue perception...
May 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706756/comparing-blunt-and-penetrating-trauma-in-spinal-cord-injury-analysis-of-long-term-functional-and-neurological-outcomes
#3
Mary Joan Roach, Yuying Chen, Michael L Kelly
Background: Comparisons between patients with penetrating spinal cord injury (PSCI) and blunt spinal cord injury (BSCI) are scarce. Purpose: To describe baseline characteristics and neurological and functional outcomes for patients with BSCI and PSCI. Methods: Participants with BSCI ( n = 5,316) and PSCI ( n = 1,062) were extracted from the Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems database from January 1994 to January 2015. Participant injury and demographic characteristics were recorded. Outcomes were measured using the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury and FIM motor scores...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528566/difficult-conversations-discussing-prognosis-with-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#4
Julia Gray Farber, Mary G Prieur, Christine Roach, Rosemary Shay, Michelle Walter, Drucy Borowitz, Elisabeth P Dellon
Background Despite the chronic, progressive, and life-threatening nature of cystic fibrosis (CF), there are no guidelines for when and how to communicate prognosis to children with CF. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with young adults with CF, parents of young adults with CF, and multidisciplinary CF health care providers assessed recall of and practices for communicating about prognosis. Recommendations for improvements were also solicited. RESULTS: Young adults with CF recalled learning that life expectancy is limited by CF between the ages of 8 and 16 years, and that CF is a progressive disease between the ages of 7 and 19 years...
May 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098762/photofunctionalization-of-anodized-titanium-surfaces-using-uva-or-uvc-light-and-its-effects-against-streptococcus-sanguinis
#5
Sakshi Jain, Randall S Williamson, Mary Marquart, Amol V Janorkar, Jason A Griggs, Michael D Roach
UV light preirradiation of anodized titanium oxide layers has recently been shown to produce a photocatalytic effect that may reduce early bacterial attachment on titanium surfaces. Streptococcus species have been identified as primary early colonizers and contribute to early biofilm formation on dental implant surfaces. Anodized layers with primarily amorphous, primarily anatase, primarily rutile, and mixtures of anatase and rutile phase oxides were preirradiated with UVA or UVC light for 10 min. Nanoscale surface roughness and pre- and post-UV-irradiated wettability were measured for each anodization group...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019787/advancing-the-right-to-health-the-vital-role-of-law
#6
Lawrence O Gostin, Roger S Magnusson, Rüdiger Krech, David W Patterson, Steven A Solomon, Derek Walton, Gian Luca Burci, Katharina Ó Cathaoir, Sarah A Roache, Marie-Paule Kieny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968172/modernizing-clinical-trial-eligibility-criteria-recommendations-of-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-friends-of-cancer-research-organ-dysfunction-prior-or-concurrent-malignancy-and-comorbidities-working-group
#7
Stuart M Lichtman, R Donald Harvey, Marie-Anne Damiette Smit, Atiqur Rahman, Michael A Thompson, Nancy Roach, Caroline Schenkel, Suanna S Bruinooge, Patricia Cortazar, Dana Walker, Louis Fehrenbacher
Purpose Patients with organ dysfunction, prior or concurrent malignancies, and comorbidities are often excluded from clinical trials. Excluding patients on the basis of these factors results in clinical trial participants who are healthier and younger than the overall population of patients with cancer. Methods ASCO and Friends of Cancer Research established a multidisciplinary working group that included experts in trial design and conduct to examine how eligibility criteria could be more inclusive. The group analyzed current eligibility criteria; conducted original data analysis; considered safety concerns, potential benefits, research, and potential hurdles of this approach through discussion; and reached consensus on recommendations regarding updated eligibility criteria that prioritize inclusiveness without compromising patient safety...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915667/assessment-of-near-infrared-fluorophores-to-study-the-biodistribution-and-tumor-targeting-of-an-il13-receptor-%C3%AE-2-antibody-by-fluorescence-molecular-tomography
#8
Parul Gupta, Jo-Ann Wentland, Mauricio Leal, Dangshe Ma, Rachel Roach, Antonio Esparza, Lindsay King, Mary E Spilker, Cedo Bagi, Christopher T Winkelmann, Anand Giddabasappa
Non-invasive imaging using radiolabels is a common technique used to study the biodistribution of biologics. Due to the limited shelf-life of radiolabels and the requirements of specialized labs, non-invasive optical imaging is an attractive alternative for preclinical studies. Previously, we demonstrated the utility of fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) an optical imaging modality in evaluating the biodistribution of antibody-drug conjugates. As FMT is a relatively new technology, few fluorophores have been validated for in vivo imaging...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903732/a-comparison-of-sequencing-platforms-and-bioinformatics-pipelines-for-compositional-analysis-of-the-gut-microbiome
#9
Imane Allali, Jason W Arnold, Jeffrey Roach, Maria Belen Cadenas, Natasha Butz, Hosni M Hassan, Matthew Koci, Anne Ballou, Mary Mendoza, Rizwana Ali, M Andrea Azcarate-Peril
BACKGROUND: Advancements in Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies regarding throughput, read length and accuracy had a major impact on microbiome research by significantly improving 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. As rapid improvements in sequencing platforms and new data analysis pipelines are introduced, it is essential to evaluate their capabilities in specific applications. The aim of this study was to assess whether the same project-specific biological conclusions regarding microbiome composition could be reached using different sequencing platforms and bioinformatics pipelines...
September 13, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708422/the-epithelial-sodium-channel-is-a-modifier-of-the-long-term-nonprogressive-phenotype-associated-with-f508del-cftr-mutations
#10
Pankaj B Agrawal, Ruobing Wang, Hongmei Lisa Li, Klaus Schmitz-Abe, Chantelle Simone-Roach, Jingxin Chen, Jiahai Shi, Tin Louie, Shaohu Sheng, Meghan C Towne, Christine F Brainson, Michael A Matthay, Carla F Kim, Michael Bamshad, Mary J Emond, Norma P Gerard, Thomas R Kleyman, Craig Gerard
Cystic fibrosis (CF) remains the most lethal genetic disease in the Caucasian population. However, there is great variability in clinical phenotypes and survival times, even among patients harboring the same genotype. We identified five patients with CF and a homozygous F508del mutation in the CFTR gene who were in their fifth or sixth decade of life and had shown minimal changes in lung function over a longitudinal period of more than 20 years. Because of the rarity of this long-term nonprogressive phenotype, we hypothesized these individuals may carry rare genetic variants in modifier genes that ameliorate disease severity...
December 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701299/modeled-changes-in-us-sodium-intake-from-reducing-sodium-concentrations-of-commercially-processed-and-prepared-foods-to-meet-voluntary-standards-established-in-north-america-nhanes
#11
Mary E Cogswell, Sheena M Patel, Keming Yuan, Cathleen Gillespie, WenYen Juan, Christine J Curtis, Michel Vigneault, Jenifer Clapp, Paula Roach, Alanna Moshfegh, Jaspreet Ahuja, Pamela Pehrsson, Lauren Brookmire, Robert Merritt
Background: Approximately 2 in 3 US adults have prehypertension or hypertension that increases their risk of cardiovascular disease. Reducing sodium intake can decrease blood pressure and prevent hypertension. Approximately 9 in 10 Americans consume excess sodium (≥2300 mg/d). Voluntary sodium standards for commercially processed and prepared foods were established in North America, but their impact on sodium intake is unclear.Objective: We modelled the potential impact on US sodium intake of applying voluntary sodium standards for foods...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669874/operative-versus-nonoperative-management-of-civilian-gunshot-wounds-to-the-spinal-cord-novel-use-of-the-functional-independence-measure-for-validated-outcomes
#12
Peter T McCunniff, James S Ramey, Meredith L Scott, Mary J Roach, Heather A Vallier, Timothy A Moore, Michael L Kelly
BACKGROUND: Surgery for patients with gunshot wound spinal cord injury (GSCI) remains controversial. Few recent studies provide standardized follow-up and detailed functional outcomes. To our knowledge, the research we present in this study is unique in that we are the first to incorporate Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores as an outcomes measure for neurologic recovery in patients with GSCI. METHODS: Patients with GSCI were divided into surgical and nonsurgical groups...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654807/per-and-poly-fluoroalkyl-compounds-in-freshwater-fish-from-the-rh%C3%A3-ne-river-influence-of-fish-size-diet-prey-contamination-and-biotransformation
#13
Marc Babut, Pierre Labadie, Caroline Simonnet-Laprade, Gabriel Munoz, Marie-Claude Roger, Benoit J D Ferrari, Hélène Budzinski, Eve Sivade
Pools of aquatic plants and benthic invertebrates were collected along with 47 individuals from three cyprinid fish species (Barbus barbus, Gobio gobio, Rutilus rutilus) at a site in the Rhône River (France). Carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios (δ13 C and δ15 N) and a wide range of per- and poly-fluorinated chemicals (PFASs) were analysed in all samples. The sum of PFAS concentrations (ΣPFAS) increased from aquatic plants to fish dorsal muscles; molecular profiles were dominated by C9-C13 perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs), while perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA) were detected in all samples at lower concentrations...
December 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602421/endocrine-disruption-effects-in-male-and-intersex-roach-rutilus-rutilus-l-from-french-rivers-an-integrative-approach-based-on-subcellular-to-individual-responses
#14
Perrine Geraudie, Marie Gerbron, Christophe Minier
Among the chemicals found in the aquatic environment, some have been reported to interact with the endocrine system of organisms and have been identified as endocrine disrupting compounds. In this study, we have assessed the biological effects due to environmental estrogenic compounds in adult male roach (Rutilus rutilus). Wild fish were collected in the Seine River, and one of its affluent, the Epte River in Normandy, France and impacts on endocrine and reproductive functions have been assessed. This study provides innovative data on the intersex condition in wild fish that are crucial to understand estrogenic contamination impacts and maintenance of sustainable fish population...
September 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506103/treatment-seeking-behaviors-of-persons-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
Judith M Schlaeger, Keesha Roach, Mary Golas, Miho Takayama, Diana J Wilkie
PURPOSE: Describe perceptions of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) regarding disease-related pain, tendency to tell others about their pain, and treatments used since diagnosis. DESIGN: Cross sectional, exploratory. METHOD: A total of 63 participants responded to telephone interview about their treatments and tendency to tell others about their RA pain. They also responded to McGill Pain Questionnaire and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) items...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448578/evolutionary-history-of-tibetans-inferred-from-whole-genome-sequencing
#16
Hao Hu, Nayia Petousi, Gustavo Glusman, Yao Yu, Ryan Bohlender, Tsewang Tashi, Jonathan M Downie, Jared C Roach, Amy M Cole, Felipe R Lorenzo, Alan R Rogers, Mary E Brunkow, Gianpiero Cavalleri, Leroy Hood, Sama M Alpatty, Josef T Prchal, Lynn B Jorde, Peter A Robbins, Tatum S Simonson, Chad D Huff
The indigenous people of the Tibetan Plateau have been the subject of much recent interest because of their unique genetic adaptations to high altitude. Recent studies have demonstrated that the Tibetan EPAS1 haplotype is involved in high altitude-adaptation and originated in an archaic Denisovan-related population. We sequenced the whole-genomes of 27 Tibetans and conducted analyses to infer a detailed history of demography and natural selection of this population. We detected evidence of population structure between the ancestral Han and Tibetan subpopulations as early as 44 to 58 thousand years ago, but with high rates of gene flow until approximately 9 thousand years ago...
April 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371853/patient-portals-and-broadband-internet-inequality
#17
Adam T Perzynski, Mary Joan Roach, Sarah Shick, Bill Callahan, Douglas Gunzler, Randall Cebul, David C Kaelber, Anne Huml, John Daryl Thornton, Douglas Einstadter
Background: Patient portals have shown potential for increasing health care quality and efficiency. Internet access and other factors influencing patient portal use could worsen health disparities. Methods: Observational study of adults with 1 or more visits to the outpatient clinics of an urban public health care system from 2012 to 2015. We used mixed effects logistic regression to evaluate the association between broadband internet access and (1) patient portal initiation (whether a patient logged in at least 1 time) and (2) messaging, controlling for demographic and neighborhood characteristics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175585/377%C3%A2-craniectomy-versus-craniotomy-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-propensity-matched-analysis-of-long-term-functional-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#18
Michael L Kelly, Berje Haroutuon Shammassian, Mary Joan Roach, Charles Thomas, Amy K Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107080/the-influence-of-a-combined-butorphanol-and-midazolam-premedication-on-anesthesia-in-psittacid-species
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marie Kubiak, Louise Roach, Kevin Eatwell
Premedication is considered routine for domestic animal and human anesthesia but is rarely applied to avian patients, and few controlled studies exist to document effects of premedication in avian species. To determine the effects of a butorphanol and midazolam premedication on general anesthesia and quality of induction and recovery phases in psittacid species, 17 clinically healthy birds undergoing anesthesia were randomly allocated into either a premedicated or control group. Anesthetic parameters were subsequently compared...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791309/a-very-human-being-sister-marie-simone-roach-1922-2016
#20
Michael J Villeneuve, Verena Tschudin, Janet Storch, Marsha D M Fowler, Elizabeth Peter
Sister (Sr.) Marie Simone Roach, of the Sisters of St. Martha of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, died at the Motherhouse on 2 July 2016 at the age of 93, leaving behind a rich legacy of theoretical and practical work in the areas of care, caring and nursing ethics. She was a humble soul whose deep and scholarly thinking thrust her onto the global nursing stage where she will forever be tied to a central concept in nursing, caring, through her Six Cs of Caring model. In Canada, she was the lead architect of the Canadian Nurses Association's first code of ethics, and her influence on revisions to it is still profound more than 35 years later...
December 2016: Nursing Inquiry
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