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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227625/genetic-reduction-or-negative-modulation-of-mglu7-does-not-impact-anxiety-and-fear-learning-phenotypes-in-a-mouse-model-of-mecp2-duplication-syndrome
#1
Nicole M Fisher, Rocco G Gogliotti, Sheryl Anne D Vermudez, Branden J Stansley, P Jeffrey Conn, Colleen M Niswender
Rett syndrome and MECP2 Duplication syndrome are neurodevelopmental disorders attributed to loss-of-function mutations in, or duplication of, the gene encoding Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2 (MeCP2), respectively. We recently reported decreased expression and function of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 (mGlu7) in a mouse model of Rett syndrome. Positive allosteric modulation of mGlu7 activity was sufficient to improve several disease phenotypes including cognition. Here, we tested the hypothesis that mGlu7 expression would be reciprocally regulated in a mouse model of MECP2 Duplication syndrome, such that negative modulation of mGlu7 activity would exert therapeutic benefit...
December 11, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217165/anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-like-activities-of-a-methanolic-extract-of-morinda-citrifolia-linn-noni-fruit-in-mice-involvement-of-benzodiazepine-gabaaergic-serotonergic-and-adrenergic-systems
#2
Megala Narasingam, Kamini Vijeepallam, Zahurin Mohamed, Vijayapandi Pandy
This study presents anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects of a methanolic extract of Morinda citrifolia Linn. (noni) fruit (MMC) in well-established mouse models of anxiety and depression. The administration of MMC (1 g/kg, p.o.) and diazepam (1 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly attenuated anxiety-like behaviour in mice by increasing the percentage of time spent and number of entries in the open arms in the elevated plus maze (EPM), and significantly enhanced the exploration in the light box in the light/dark test (LDT)...
December 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214394/serious-adverse-events-associated-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-agents-in-pediatric-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-a-real-life-setting
#3
Serena Pastore, Samuele Naviglio, Arianna Canuto, Loredana Lepore, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura, Andrea Taddio
OBJECTIVES: Anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) agents are generally well tolerated, yet they can be associated with serious adverse events (SAEs) in a minority of patients. We examined the incidence of SAEs in a pediatric referral center for chronic rheumatologic and gastroenterological inflammatory disorders. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of SAEs occurring during treatment with anti-TNF-α agents in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) (n = 78)  or pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (n = 105) seen at the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" in Trieste, Italy, between June 2001 and February 2016...
December 6, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211033/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antioxidant-and-anti-hyperglycemic-activities-of-moroccan-oat-cultivars
#4
Ilias Marmouzi, El Mostafa Karym, Nezha Saidi, Bouchra Meddah, Mourad Kharbach, Azlarab Masrar, Mounya Bouabdellah, Layachi Chabraoui, Khalid El Allali, Yahia Cherrah, My El Abbes Faouzi
Improvement of oat lines via introgression is an important process for food biochemical functionality. This work aims to evaluate the protective effect of phenolic compounds from hybrid Oat line (F11-5) and its parent (Amlal) on hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and to establish the possible mechanisms of antidiabetic activity by digestive enzyme inhibition. Eight phenolic acids were quantified in our samples including ferulic, p-hydroxybenzoic, caffeic, salicylic, syringic, sinapic, p-coumaric and chlorogenic acids...
December 6, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207060/honokiol-induces-autophagy-and-apoptosis-of-osteosarcoma-through-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#5
Zhiquan Li, Hui Dong, Mo Li, Yaoping Wu, Yanwu Liu, Yinan Zhao, Xiaochao Chen, Minliang Ma
Honokiol is the main active constituent of Magnolia officinalis. With effective and long‑term pharmacological functions of being antibacterial, anti‑oxidative, anti‑inflammatory, antitumor, anti‑spasmic, anti‑anxiety and anti‑viral, Honokiol is clinically used in the treatment of acute enteritis and chronic gastritis. The aim of the present study was to observe the possible anti‑effects of honokiol on autophagy and apoptosis of osteosarcoma, and to investigate the role of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in its anticancer effects...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202773/process-evaluation-of-the-systematic-medical-appraisal-referral-and-treatment-smart-mental-health-project-in-rural-india
#6
Abha Tewari, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel, Pallab K Maulik
BACKGROUND: Availability of basic mental health services is limited in rural areas of India. Health system and individual level factors such as lack of mental health professionals and infrastructure, poor awareness about mental health, stigma related to help seeking, are responsible for poor awareness and use of mental health services. We implemented a mental health services delivery model that leveraged technology and task sharing to facilitate identification and treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs) such as stress, depression, anxiety and suicide risk in rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201553/proinflammatory-cytokines-correlate-with-early-exercise-attenuating-anxiety-like-behavior-after-cerebral-ischemia
#7
Qi Zhang, Jingjun Zhang, Yuzhong Yan, Pengyue Zhang, Wei Zhang, Rong Xia
Background and Objective: Stroke may cause neuropsychiatric problems, which have negative effects on cognitive functions and behavior. Exercise plays an important role in reducing the occurrence and development of stroke, the concrete mechanism is not fully clarified. In this study, we attempted to determine whether early treadmill exercise attenuates anxiety-like behavior by regulation of inflammation after brain ischemia. Method: We subjected adult male rats to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 90 min and trained rats started to run on a treadmill from postoperative day 1 to day 14...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201121/assessment-of-toxoplasma-seropositivity-in-children-suffering-from-anxiety-disorders
#8
Shahla Afsharpaiman, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi, Mojtaba Mahmoodinejad, Shahnaz Shirbazoo, Susan Amirsalari, Mohammad Torkaman, Shokoofeh Radfar
Objective: This study aimed to assess the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in children with anxiety disorders. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between Sep 2012 and May 2013 in Pediatrics Clinic of Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Children were assessed clinically. Diagnosis of patients with anxiety disorders was based on DSM-4 system, performed by child psychiatrist. Then their anti-Toxoplasma antibodies were measured. A questionnaire was verbally administered to all individuals' parents including demographic information and questions about life style, family history, medical history, economic situation, residence, nutritional patterns and contact with animals...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193507/incidence-of-antiemetic-induced-akathisia-in-patients-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#9
A Rashid, W Baile, T Olubajo, R De La Garza
INTRODUCTION: Akathisia is a common and severely disabling medication-induced movement disorder. The condition is often missed, and patients suffer for a long time until diagnosed and managed properly. It is important to bring awareness to the clinicians for early detection and management of akathisia. METHODS: We reviewed four years record of patients seen at a comprehensive cancer center for anxiety and restlessness. Patients diagnosed with akathisia and the medications causing akathisia were identified...
November 28, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193016/dupilumab-with-concomitant-topical-corticosteroids-in-adult-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis-who-are-not-adequately-controlled-with-or-are-intolerant-to-ciclosporin-a-or-when-this-treatment-is-medically-inadvisable-a-placebo-controlled-randomized-phase-3-clinical
#10
M de Bruin-Weller, D Thaçi, C H Smith, K Reich, M Cork, A Radin, Q Zhang, B Akinlade, A Gadkari, L Eckert, T Hultsch, Z Chen, G Pirozzi, N M H Graham, B Shumel
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that may require systemic therapy. Ciclosporin A (CsA) is a widely-used, potent immunosuppressant for AD. CsA is not effective in all patients, and side effects limit its use. Dupilumab, a fully human anti-interleukin (IL)-4 receptor-alpha monoclonal antibody, inhibits signaling of IL-4 and IL-13, key drivers of type 2/Th2-mediated inflammation, and is approved in the U.S.A. and the E.U. for the treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe AD...
November 28, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190141/childhood-maltreatment-bullying-victimization-and-psychological-distress-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#11
Trevor A Hart, Syed W Noor, Julia R G Vernon, Ammaar Kidwai, Karen Roberts, Ted Myers, Liviana Calzavara
Sexual minority men report higher psychological distress than heterosexual men, including depression and anxiety. Research suggests that these health disparities may be due to the heightened stressors that gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals experience. Some of these stressors occur early on in life, such as childhood abuse and bullying, and may include stressors that are topically related to sexual minority status, such as anti-gay bullying and teasing for gender nonconformity to masculine gender norms...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180552/neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-receipt-of-opioid-medication-for-new-back-pain-diagnosis
#12
Sarah Gebauer, Joanne Salas, Jeffrey F Scherrer
BACKGROUND: Although treatment for new back pain is heavily guideline driven, deviations occur frequently. Neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) may contribute to these deviations. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether nSES is associated with type of treatment provided for patients seeking treatment for new back pain in primary care clinics. METHODS: This retrospective cohort was conducted in academic internal and family medicine practices. Data were examined from the Primary Care Patient Data Registry...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175686/nest-defense-behaviors-in-fathead-minnows-after-lifecycle-exposure-to-the-antidepressant-venlafaxine
#13
Joanne L Parrott, Chris D Metcalfe
Venlafaxine is an antidepressant and anti-anxiety drug that has been detected in municipal wastewater at low μg/L concentrations. In this study, the nest-defense behavior of adult male fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) was observed in fish exposed for a full lifecycle to venlafaxine nominal concentrations of 0.88, 8.8, and 88 μg/L (i.e. 1, 9.3, 75 μg/L mean measured concentrations). Nest-defense behaviors quantified were the time taken to contact a dummy intruder fish (on a flexible stick, held near each nest) and the number of contacts made during a 1 min period...
November 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173692/socioeconomic-and-therapy-factor-influence-on-self-reported-fatigue-anxiety-and-depression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#14
Mirjana Lapčević, Mira Vuković, Branislav S Gvozdenović, Vesna Mioljević, Snežana Marjanović
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue, anxiety and depression are very frequent symptoms in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). GOALS: In this study we evaluated the influence of socioeconomic characteristics, therapy and comorbidities on the self-reported high fatigue, anxiety and depression in patients with RA. METHOD: Multicenter cross-sectional study was performed in 22 health institutions in Serbia during the period from April-August 2014 in population of older RA patients...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166864/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-chinese-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#15
Shi-Shuang Cui, Juan-Juan Du, Rao Fu, Yi-Qi Lin, Pei Huang, Ya-Chao He, Chao Gao, Hua-Long Wang, Sheng-Di Chen
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common in Parkinson disease and both are important determinants of quality of life in patients. Several risk factors are identified but few research have investigated general and Parkinson's disease (PD)-specific factors comprehensively. The aim of this work was to explore PD-specific and -non-specific risk factors for PD with depression or anxiety. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in 403 patients with PD. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for the depression and anxiety in PD...
November 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162372/genetics-environment-and-asthma-associated-with-celiac-disease-in-the-extended-family-of-an-affected-child
#16
R Sigala-Robles, S V Aguayo-Patrón, A M Calderón de la Barca
INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy associated with gluten ingestion. In extended families of celiac patients that live in close proximity of one another, shared genetic and environmental factors can predispose them to CD. AIM: The aim of this study was to provide evidence about the genetic and environmental factors involved in the development of CD in the extended family of a pediatric patient. METHODS: The medical history, environmental conditions, and participant weight, height, and peripheral blood samples were evaluated...
November 18, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161743/pharmacological-foundations-of-cannabis-chemovars
#17
Mark A Lewis, Ethan B Russo, Kevin M Smith
An advanced Mendelian Cannabis breeding program has been developed utilizing chemical markers to maximize the yield of phytocannabinoids and terpenoids with the aim to improve therapeutic efficacy and safety. Cannabis is often divided into several categories based on cannabinoid content. Type I, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol-predominant, is the prevalent offering in both medical and recreational marketplaces. In recent years, the therapeutic benefits of cannabidiol have been better recognized, leading to the promotion of additional chemovars: Type II, Cannabis that contains both Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, and cannabidiol-predominant Type III Cannabis...
November 21, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158580/ck2-regulates-5-ht4-receptor-signaling-and-modulates-depressive-like-behavior
#18
J Castello, B LeFrancois, M Flajolet, P Greengard, E Friedman, H Rebholz
The serotonergic neurotransmitter system has been widely implicated in the pathophysiology of mood-related disorders such as anxiety and major depressive disorder (MDD). The onset of therapeutic efficacy of traditional antidepressants is delayed by several weeks. The 5-HT4 receptor has emerged as a new therapeutic target since agonists of this receptor induce rapid antidepressant-like responses in rodents. Here we show that the 5-HT4 receptor is regulated by CK2, at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154056/a-single-session-of-hatha-yoga-improves-stress-reactivity-and-recovery-after-an-acute-psychological-stress-task-a-counterbalanced-randomized-crossover-trial-in-healthy-individuals
#19
Mateus J Benvenutti, Eduardo da Sliva Alves, Scott Michael, Ding Ding, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Kate M Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Yoga is promoted as an anti-stress activity, however, little is known about the mechanisms through which it acts. The present study investigated the acute effects of a hatha yoga session, displayed on a video, on the response to and recovery from an acute psychological stressor. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young adults took part in a counterbalanced, randomized-crossover trial, with a yoga and a control condition (watching TV). Participants attended the laboratory in the afternoon on two days and each session comprised a baseline, control or yoga task, stress task and recovery...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153770/rats-exposed-to-2-45ghz-of-non-ionizing-radiation-exhibit-behavioral-changes-with-increased-brain-expression-of-apoptotic-caspase-3
#20
Rini Varghese, Anuradha Majumdar, Girish Kumar, Amit Shukla
In recent years there has been a tremendous increase in use of Wi-Fi devices along with mobile phones, globally. Wi-Fi devices make use of 2.4GHz frequency. The present study evaluated the impact of 2.45GHz radiation exposure for 4h/day for 45days on behavioral and oxidative stress parameters in female Sprague Dawley rats. Behavioral tests of anxiety, learning and memory were started from day 38. Oxidative stress parameters were estimated in brain homogenates after sacrificing the rats on day 45. In morris water maze, elevated plus maze and light dark box test, the 2...
November 14, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
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